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Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

The Dissipated Power In Atomic Force Microscopy Due To Interactions With A Capillary Fluid Layer, Nicole N. Hashemi, M.R. Paul, H. Dankowicz, W. Jhe Jan 2008

The Dissipated Power In Atomic Force Microscopy Due To Interactions With A Capillary Fluid Layer, Nicole N. Hashemi, M.R. Paul, H. Dankowicz, W. Jhe

Nastaran Hashemi

We study the power dissipated by the tip of an oscillating micron-scale cantilever as it interacts with a sample using a nonlinear model of the tip-surface force interactions that includes attractive, adhesive, repulsive, and capillary contributions. The force interactions of the model are entirely conservative and the dissipated power is due to the hysteretic nature of the interaction with the capillary fluid layer. Using numerical techniques tailored for nonlinear and discontinuous dynamical systems we compute the exact dissipated power over a range of experimentally relevant conditions. This is accomplished by computing precisely the fraction of oscillations that break the fluid ...


The Nonlinear Dynamics Of Tapping Mode Atomic Force Microscopy With Capillary Force Interactions, Nicole N. Hashemi, H. Dankowicz, M.R. Paul Jan 2008

The Nonlinear Dynamics Of Tapping Mode Atomic Force Microscopy With Capillary Force Interactions, Nicole N. Hashemi, H. Dankowicz, M.R. Paul

Nastaran Hashemi

We study the nonlinear dynamics of a tapping mode atomic force microscope with tip-surface interactions that include attractive, repulsive, and capillary force contributions using numerical techniques tailored for hybrid or discontinuous dynamical systems that include forward-time simulation with event handling and numerical pseudo-arclength continuation. We find four branches of periodic solutions that are separated by windows of complex and irregular dynamics. The branches of periodic solutions end where the cantilever comes into grazing contact with event surfaces in state space, corresponding to the onset of capillary interactions and the onset of repulsive forces associated with contact. These windows of irregular ...


Effect Of Conformational Change On Nanoscale Friction Behavior Of Organic Thin Films, Kanaga Karuppiah Kanaga Subramanian Jan 2008

Effect Of Conformational Change On Nanoscale Friction Behavior Of Organic Thin Films, Kanaga Karuppiah Kanaga Subramanian

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The overarching theme of this dissertation is to probe relationships between structure of organic thin films and their specific functional property of friction in the context of various engineering applications. Two specific thin film systems were studied - biological macromolecules in total joint replacements and self-assembled alkanethiol monolayers for microdevice applications. Before delving into the actual systems, a thorough understanding of friction at small length scales was required. To address this, a friction study of two material pairs (Si3N4/mica and Si3N4/ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene) was conducted using a microtribometer and atomic force microscope (AFM) at the micro- and nanometer ...