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Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Simulation Of Hemiparetic Function Using A Knee Orthosis With Variable Impedance And A Proprioception Interference Apparatus, Christina-Anne Kathleen Lahiff Mar 2017

Simulation Of Hemiparetic Function Using A Knee Orthosis With Variable Impedance And A Proprioception Interference Apparatus, Christina-Anne Kathleen Lahiff

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Individuals with stroke have neuromuscular weakness or paralysis on one side of the body caused by some muscles disengaging and overexciting other muscles. Hyperextension of the knee joint and complete lack of plantar flexion of the ankle joint are common symptoms of stroke. This thesis encompasses the simulation of hemiparetic function using both a knee orthosis with variable impedance, specifically in terms of stiffness and damping, and the Proprioception Interference Apparatus.

The section regarding the knee orthosis with variable impedance focuses on the creation and implementation of a small, lightweight, and adjustable orthotic device to be positioned around the knee ...


The Development Of A Prosthetic Training Software For Upper Limb Amputees, Tyler Kayne Sullins Jun 2016

The Development Of A Prosthetic Training Software For Upper Limb Amputees, Tyler Kayne Sullins

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to develop an intuitive software that aids in the field of prosthetic training and rehabilitation by creating an individualized visualization of joint angles. This software is titled “the prosthetic training software (PTS) for individualized joint angle representation”, and it enables the individualized portrayal of predicted or pre-recorded joint angles. The PTS is an intuitive program for clinicians and prosthesis users that produces an animation of a virtual avatar reflecting the user’s segment lengths and amputation for rehabilitation and training purposes.

The PTS consists of a graphical user interface (GUI) and a 3D visualization ...


Functional Performance Differences Between The Genium And C-Leg Prosthetic Knees And Intact Knees, Michael J. Highsmith, Jason T. Kahle, Rebecca M. Miro, M. E. Cress, Derek J. Lura, William S. Quillen, Stephanie Carey, Rajiv V. Dubey, Larry J. Mengelkoch Jan 2016

Functional Performance Differences Between The Genium And C-Leg Prosthetic Knees And Intact Knees, Michael J. Highsmith, Jason T. Kahle, Rebecca M. Miro, M. E. Cress, Derek J. Lura, William S. Quillen, Stephanie Carey, Rajiv V. Dubey, Larry J. Mengelkoch

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

Microprocessor prosthetic knees (MPKs) have advanced technologically, offering new features to decrease impairment and activity limitations for persons with transfemoral amputation (TFA). The Genium knee is functionally untested, and functional differences between it and intact knees are unknown. This study sought to determine whether Genium use improves functional performance compared with the C-Leg. A randomized experimental crossover design was used, with a cross-section of five nonamputee controls for comparison to nor­mal. Twenty community-ambulating persons with TFA were trained and tested for accommodation with study components. All subjects (n = 25) were assessed using the Continuous-Scale Physical Functional Performance-10 (CS-PFP10) assessment ...


An Experimental Study On Passive Dynamic Walking, Philip Andrew Hatzitheodorou Mar 2015

An Experimental Study On Passive Dynamic Walking, Philip Andrew Hatzitheodorou

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this study, a previously designed passive dynamic walker (PDW) is built out of aluminum and plastic. The aim of the study was to produce an asymmetrical PDW and to compare the results to a computer simulation to validate the mathematical model. It also aimed at identifying the limitations of using additive manufacturing to create components for a PDW as well as gain insights on asymmetric systems.

Beginning with a five mass kneed model, parameters were varied to produce up to a nine mass kneed model solution. The nine mass model allows more variability in added mass locations and separates ...


The Development Of An Adaptive Driving Simulator, Sarah Marie Tudor Mar 2015

The Development Of An Adaptive Driving Simulator, Sarah Marie Tudor

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The ability to drive a car is an important skill for individuals with a spinal cord injury to maintain a high quality of life, particularly their freedom and independence. However, driving with a physical disability often requires the installation of an adaptive driving system to control steering, gas, and braking. The two main types of adaptive driving controls are mechanical and electrical, also known as drive by wire (DBW). DBW controls work by converting electric signals to mechanical actuators. Driving simulators are useful tools for adaptive driving systems because they allow users to test different control devices, to practice driving ...


Autonomous Mobility And Manipulation Of A 9-Dof Wmra, William Garrett Pence Jan 2011

Autonomous Mobility And Manipulation Of A 9-Dof Wmra, William Garrett Pence

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The wheelchair-mounted robotic arm (WMRA) is a 9-degree of freedom (DoF) assistive system that consists of a 2-DoF modified commercial power wheelchair and a custom 7-DoF robotic arm. Kinematics and control methodology for the 9-DoF system that combine mobility and manipulation have been previously developed and implemented. This combined control allows the wheelchair and robotic arm to follow a single trajectory based on weighted optimizations. However, for the execution of activities of daily living (ADL) in the real-world environment, modified control techniques have been implemented.

In order to execute macro ADL tasks, such as a "go to and pick up ...


A Mechanized Horseback Riding Simulator As An Aid To Physical Therapy, Jennifer Lott Jul 2006

A Mechanized Horseback Riding Simulator As An Aid To Physical Therapy, Jennifer Lott

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Equine-assisted therapy is a nontraditional form of physical therapy that involves riding horses as a form of rehabilitation. Limited access to these riding programs justifies a need to develop a horseback riding simulator capable of simulating the gaits, bend, and collection of the horse. Research involving the development of horseback riding simulators is limited, but the available research does show promising results in the ability to aid in physical therapy.

A two-dimensional model and simulation was developed using MATLAB. Using the results from the simulation, a horseback riding simulator was designed, fabricated and tested. The physical simulator was capable of ...