Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Mechanical Engineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 53

Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Real-Time Simulation Of Three-Dimensional Shoulder Girdle And Arm Dynamics, Edward K. Chadwick, Dimitra Blana, Robert F. Kirsch, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert May 2018

Real-Time Simulation Of Three-Dimensional Shoulder Girdle And Arm Dynamics, Edward K. Chadwick, Dimitra Blana, Robert F. Kirsch, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert

Antonie J. van den Bogert

Electrical stimulation is a promising technology for the restoration of arm function in paralyzed individuals. Control of the paralyzed arm under electrical stimulation, however, is a challenging problem that requires advanced controllers and command interfaces for the user. A real-time model describing the complex dynamics of the arm would allow user-in-the-loop type experiments where the command interface and controller could be assessed. Real-time models of the arm previously described have not included the ability tomodel the independently controlled scapula and clavicle, limiting their utility for clinical applications of this nature. The goal of this study therefore was to evaluate the ...


Relationship Between Jump Landing Kinematics And Peak Acl Force During A Jump In Downhill Skiing: A Simulation Study, D. Heinrich, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert, W. Nachbauer May 2018

Relationship Between Jump Landing Kinematics And Peak Acl Force During A Jump In Downhill Skiing: A Simulation Study, D. Heinrich, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert, W. Nachbauer

Antonie J. van den Bogert

Recent data highlight that competitive skiers face a high risk of injuries especially during off-balance jump landing maneuvers in downhill skiing. The purpose of the present study was to develop a musculo-skeletal modeling and simulation approach to investigate the cause-and-effect relationship between a perturbed landing position, i.e., joint angles and trunk orientation, and the peak force in the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) during jump landing. A two-dimensional musculo-skeletal model was developed and a baseline simulation was obtained reproducing measurement data of a reference landing movement. Based on the baseline simulation, a series of perturbed landing simulations (n=1000) was ...


An Elaborate Data Set On Human Gait And The Effect Of Mechanical Perturbations, Jason K. Moore, Sandra K. Hnat, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert May 2018

An Elaborate Data Set On Human Gait And The Effect Of Mechanical Perturbations, Jason K. Moore, Sandra K. Hnat, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert

Antonie J. van den Bogert

Here we share a rich gait data set collected from fifteen subjects walking at three speeds on an instrumented treadmill. Each trial consists of 120 s of normal walking and 480 s of walking while being longitudinally perturbed during each stance phase with pseudo-random fluctuations in the speed of the treadmill belt. A total of approximately 1.5 h of normal walking (>5000 gait cycles) and 6 h of perturbed walking (>20,000 gait cycles) is included in the data set. We provide full body marker trajectories and ground reaction loads in addition to a presentation of processed data that ...


Expressing The Joint Moments Of Drop Jumps And Sidestep Cutting In Different Reference Frames – Does It Matter?, Eirik Kristianslunda, Tron Krosshauga, Kam-Ming Mok, Scott Mclean, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert Jun 2015

Expressing The Joint Moments Of Drop Jumps And Sidestep Cutting In Different Reference Frames – Does It Matter?, Eirik Kristianslunda, Tron Krosshauga, Kam-Ming Mok, Scott Mclean, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert

Antonie J. van den Bogert

Joint moments help us understand joint loading and muscle function during movement. However, the interpretation depends on the choice of reference frame, but the different reference frames have not been compared in dynamic, high-impact sporting movements. We have compared the magnitude and the resulting ranking of hip and knee joint moments expressed in the laboratory coordinate system, the local system of the distal segment and projected or decomposed to the Joint Coordinate System (JCS) axes. Hip and knee joint moments of drop jumps and sidestep cutting in 70 elite female handball players were calculated based on recordings from an eight-camera ...


Biogeography-Based Optimization For Hydraulic Prosthetic Knee Control, Tim Wilmot, George Thomas, Berney Montavon, Rick Rarick, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert, Steve Szatmary, Daniel J. Simon, William Smith, Sergey Samorezov Jun 2015

Biogeography-Based Optimization For Hydraulic Prosthetic Knee Control, Tim Wilmot, George Thomas, Berney Montavon, Rick Rarick, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert, Steve Szatmary, Daniel J. Simon, William Smith, Sergey Samorezov

Antonie J. van den Bogert

We discuss open-loop control development and simulation results for a newly-developed cyber-physical system (CPS) used as a semi-active, above-knee prosthesis. The control signal of our CPS consists of two hydraulic valve settings that control a linear cylinder actuator and provide torque to the prosthetic knee. We develop open-loop control using biogeography-based optimization (BBO), which is a recently developed evolutionary algorithm. The research contributes to the field of cyber-physical systems by showing that it is possible to find effective open-loop control signals for our newly proposed semi-active hydraulic knee prosthesis through a dual-system optimization process which includes both human and robot ...


Real-Time Simulation Of Three-Dimensional Shoulder Girdle And Arm Dynamics, Edward K. Chadwick, Dimitra Blana, Robert F. Kirsch, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert Jun 2014

Real-Time Simulation Of Three-Dimensional Shoulder Girdle And Arm Dynamics, Edward K. Chadwick, Dimitra Blana, Robert F. Kirsch, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert

Antonie J. van den Bogert

Electrical stimulation is a promising technology for the restoration of arm function in paralyzed individuals. Control of the paralyzed arm under electrical stimulation, however, is a challenging problem that requires advanced controllers and command interfaces for the user. A real-time model describing the complex dynamics of the arm would allow user-in-the-loop type experiments where the command interface and controller could be assessed. Real-time models of the arm previously described have not included the ability to model the independently controlled scapula and clavicle, limiting their utility for clinical applications of this nature. The goal of this study therefore was to evaluate ...


Pre-Impact Lower Extremity Posture And Brake Pedal Force Predict Foot And Ankle Forces During An Automobile Collision, Elizabeth C. Hardin, Anne Su, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert Dec 2013

Pre-Impact Lower Extremity Posture And Brake Pedal Force Predict Foot And Ankle Forces During An Automobile Collision, Elizabeth C. Hardin, Anne Su, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert

Antonie J. van den Bogert

Background: The purpose of this study was to determine how a driver’s foot and ankle forces during a frontal vehicle collision depend on initial lower extremity posture and brake pedal force. Method of Approach: A 2D musculoskeletal model with seven segments and six right-side muscle groups was used. A simulation of a three-second braking task found 3647 sets of muscle activation levels that resulted in stable braking postures with realistic pedal force. These activation patterns were then used in impact simulations where vehicle deceleration was applied and driver movements and foot and ankle forces were simulated. Peak rearfoot ground ...


Concurrent Simulation Of Neuromuscular Control And Tissue Deformation Is Possible By Adaptive Surrogate Modeling, Jason P. Halloran, Ahmet Erdemir, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert Dec 2013

Concurrent Simulation Of Neuromuscular Control And Tissue Deformation Is Possible By Adaptive Surrogate Modeling, Jason P. Halloran, Ahmet Erdemir, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert

Antonie J. van den Bogert

No abstract provided.


Comment On "Quadriceps Protects The Anterior Cruciate Ligament", Antonie J. Van Den Bogert Dec 2013

Comment On "Quadriceps Protects The Anterior Cruciate Ligament", Antonie J. Van Den Bogert

Antonie J. van den Bogert

No abstract provided.


Tibiocalcaneal Kinematics Of Barefoot Versus Shod Running, Alex Stacoff, Benno M. Nigg, Christoph Reinschmidt, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert, Arne Lundberg Dec 2013

Tibiocalcaneal Kinematics Of Barefoot Versus Shod Running, Alex Stacoff, Benno M. Nigg, Christoph Reinschmidt, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert, Arne Lundberg

Antonie J. van den Bogert

Barefoot running kinematics has been described to vary considerably from shod running. However, previous investigations were typically based on externally mounted shoe and/or skin markers, which have been shown to overestimate skeletal movements. Thus, the purpose of this study was to compare calcaneal and tibial movements of barefoot versus shod running using skeletal markers. Intracortical bone pins with reflective marker triads were inserted under standard local anesthetic into the calcaneus and tibia of five healthy male subjects. The subjects ran barefoot, with a normal shoe, with three shoe soles and two orthotic modifications. The three-dimensional tibiocalcaneal rotations were determined ...


Effect Of Gender And Defensive Opponent On The Biomechanics Of Sidestep Cutting, Scott G. Mclean, Susanne W. Lipfert, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert Dec 2013

Effect Of Gender And Defensive Opponent On The Biomechanics Of Sidestep Cutting, Scott G. Mclean, Susanne W. Lipfert, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert

Antonie J. van den Bogert

Purpose: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries often occur in women during cutting maneuvers to evade a defensive player. Gender differences in knee kinematics have been observed, but it is not known to what extent these are linked to abnormal neuromuscular control elsewhere in the kinetic chain. Responses to defense players, which may be gender-dependent, have not been included in previous studies. This study determined the effects of gender and defense player on entire lower extremity biomechanics during sidestepping. Methods: Eight male and eight female subjects performed sidestep cuts with and without a static defensive opponent while 3D motion and ground ...


Response Time Is More Important Than Walking Speed For The Ability Of Older Adults To Avoid A Fall After A Trip, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert, M. J. Pavol, M. D. Grabiner Dec 2013

Response Time Is More Important Than Walking Speed For The Ability Of Older Adults To Avoid A Fall After A Trip, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert, M. J. Pavol, M. D. Grabiner

Antonie J. van den Bogert

We previously reported that the probability of an older adult recovering from a forward trip and using a “lowering” strategy increases with decreased walking velocity and faster response time. To determine the within-subject interaction of these variables we asked three questions: (1) Is the body orientation at the time that the recovery foot is lowered to the ground (“tilt angle”) critical for successful recovery? (2) Can a simple inverted pendulum model, using subject-specific walking velocity and response time as input variables, predict this body orientation, and thus success of recovery? (3) Is slower walking velocity or faster response time more ...


Evaluation Of A Two Dimensional Analysis Method As A Screening And Evaluation Tool For Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury, Scott G. Mclean, K. Walker, K. R. Ford, G. D. Myer, T. E. Hewett, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert Dec 2013

Evaluation Of A Two Dimensional Analysis Method As A Screening And Evaluation Tool For Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury, Scott G. Mclean, K. Walker, K. R. Ford, G. D. Myer, T. E. Hewett, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert

Antonie J. van den Bogert

Background: Increased knee valgus predicts the risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, particularly in women. Reducing injury rates thus relies on detecting and continually evaluating people with relatively large valgus motions. Objectives: To examine the potential of a two dimensional (2D) video analysis method for screening for excessive valgus. Methods: Ten female and 10 male National Collegiate Athletic Association basketball players had three dimensional (3D) knee valgus and two dimensional (2D) frontal plane knee angle quantified during side step, side jump, and shuttle run tasks. 3D valgus was quantified from external marker coordinates using standard techniques, and 2D data ...


The Influence Of Foot Positioning On Ankle Sprains, I. C. Wright, R. R. Neptune, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert, B. M. Nigg Dec 2013

The Influence Of Foot Positioning On Ankle Sprains, I. C. Wright, R. R. Neptune, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert, B. M. Nigg

Antonie J. van den Bogert

The goal of this study was to examine the influence of changes in foot positioning at touch-down on ankle sprain occurrence. Muscle model driven computer simulations of 10 subjects performing the landing phase of a side-shuffle movement were performed. The relative subtalar joint and talocural joint angles at touchdown were varied, and each subject-specific simulation was exposed to a set of perturbed floor conditions. The touchdown subtalar joint angle was not found to have a considerable influence on sprain occurrence, while increased touchdown plantar flexion caused increased ankle sprain occurrences. Increased touchdown plantar flexion may be the mechanism which causes ...


Mechanical Properties Of The Tendinous Equine Interosseus Muscle Are Affected By In Vivo Transducer Implantation, M. O. Jansen, H. C. Schamhardt, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert, W. Hartman Dec 2013

Mechanical Properties Of The Tendinous Equine Interosseus Muscle Are Affected By In Vivo Transducer Implantation, M. O. Jansen, H. C. Schamhardt, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert, W. Hartman

Antonie J. van den Bogert

Liquid metal strain gauges (LMSGs) were implanted in the tendinous interosseous muscle, also called suspensory ligament (SL), in the forelimbs of 6 ponies in order to quantify in vivo strains and forces. Kinematics and ground reaction forces were recorded simultaneously with LMSG signals at the walk and the trot prior to implantation, and 3 and 4 days thereafter. The ponies were euthanised and tensile and failure tests were performed on the instrumented tendons and on the tendons of the contra lateral limb, which were instrumented post mortem. The origo–insertional (OI) strain of the SL was computed from pre- and ...


Contributions Of Proximal And Distal Moments To Axial Tibial Rotation During Walking And Running, T. L. Bellchamber, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert Dec 2013

Contributions Of Proximal And Distal Moments To Axial Tibial Rotation During Walking And Running, T. L. Bellchamber, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert

Antonie J. van den Bogert

The purpose of this study was to determine the cause and effect relationship between tibial internal rotation and pronation of the foot during walking and heel–toe running. This would allow predictions of orthotic effectiveness in reducing knee pain related to excessive internal tibial rotation. Kinematic and force plate data were collected from twenty subjects performing ten running and ten walking trials across a force plate. Using a least-squares algorithm, attitude matrices for each segment in each frame were obtained and the angular velocity vector of the tibia was calculated. The intersegmental moment at the ankle was calculated from ground ...


Movement Coupling At The Ankle During The Stance Phase Of Running, Alex Stacoff, Benno M. Nigg, Christoph Reinschmidt, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert, Arne Lundberg, Edgar Stüssi, Jachen Denoth Dec 2013

Movement Coupling At The Ankle During The Stance Phase Of Running, Alex Stacoff, Benno M. Nigg, Christoph Reinschmidt, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert, Arne Lundberg, Edgar Stüssi, Jachen Denoth

Antonie J. van den Bogert

The purpose of this study was to quantify movement coupling at the ankle during the stance phase of running using bone-mounted markers. Intracortical bone pins with reflective marker triads were inserted under standard local anaesthesia into the calcaneus and the tibia of five healthy male subjects. The three-dimensional rotations were determined using a joint coordinate system approach. Movement coupling was observed in all test subjects and occurred in phases with considerable individual differences. Between the shoe and the calcaneus coupling increased after midstance which suggested that the test shoes provided more coupling for inversion than for eversion. Movement coupling between ...


Horses Damp The Spring In Their Step, Alan M. Wilson, M. Polly Mcguigan, Anne Su, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert Dec 2013

Horses Damp The Spring In Their Step, Alan M. Wilson, M. Polly Mcguigan, Anne Su, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert

Antonie J. van den Bogert

The muscular work of galloping in horses is halved by storing and returning elastic strain energy in spring-like muscle–tendon units1, 2.These make the legs act like a child's pogo stick that is tuned to stretch and recoil at 2.5 strides per second. This mechanism is optimized by unique musculoskeletal adaptations: the digital flexor muscles have extremely short fibres and significant passive properties, whereas the tendons are very long and span several joints3, 4. Length change occurs by a stretching of the spring-like digital flexor tendons rather than through energetically expensive length changes in the muscle5. Despite ...


Acl Injuries: Do We Know The Mechanisms?, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert, Scott G. Mclean Dec 2013

Acl Injuries: Do We Know The Mechanisms?, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert, Scott G. Mclean

Antonie J. van den Bogert

Injuries of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) remain a frequent occurrence in many sports activities. Recent research has identified risk factors, and prevention strategies are being developed based on these findings. There is, however, still a limited understanding of the actual injury mechanisms. In this presentation we will review the current knowledge on ACL injury mechanisms, and identify needs and opportunities for further research.


Biomechanical Measures Of Neuromuscular Control And Valgus Loading Of The Knee Predict Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Risk In Female Athletes, Timothy E. Hewett, Gregory D. Myer, Kevin R. Ford, Robert S. Heidt Jr., Angelo J. Colosimo, Scott G. Mclean, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert, Mark V. Paterno, Paul Succop Dec 2013

Biomechanical Measures Of Neuromuscular Control And Valgus Loading Of The Knee Predict Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Risk In Female Athletes, Timothy E. Hewett, Gregory D. Myer, Kevin R. Ford, Robert S. Heidt Jr., Angelo J. Colosimo, Scott G. Mclean, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert, Mark V. Paterno, Paul Succop

Antonie J. van den Bogert

Background: Female athletes participating in high-risk sports suffer anterior cruciate ligament injury at a 4- to 6-fold greater rate than do male athletes. Hypothesis: Prescreened female athletes with subsequent anterior cruciate ligament injury will demonstrate decreased neuromuscular control and increased valgus joint loading, predicting anterior cruciate ligament injury risk. Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. Methods: There were 205 female athletes in the high-risk sports of soccer, basketball, and volleyball prospectively measured for neuromuscular control using 3-dimensional kinematics (joint angles) and joint loads using kinetics (joint moments) during a jump-landing task. Analysis of variance as well as linear ...


Computer-Assisted Gait Analysis In Equine Orthopaedic Practice: The Case For Inverse Dynamic Analysis, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert Dec 2013

Computer-Assisted Gait Analysis In Equine Orthopaedic Practice: The Case For Inverse Dynamic Analysis, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert

Antonie J. van den Bogert

No abstract provided.


Quantification Of In Vivo Acl Elongation During Dynamic Joint Movements: A New Methodology, Scott G. Mclean, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert Dec 2013

Quantification Of In Vivo Acl Elongation During Dynamic Joint Movements: A New Methodology, Scott G. Mclean, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert

Antonie J. van den Bogert

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are common in movement tasks incorporating sudden changes in velocity, such as sidtestepping. Current techniques adopted to quantify ACL strain are invasive as well as limited to slow, quasi-static move- ments. This paper presents a method for non-invasive measurement of ACL elongation during dynamic movement tasks, validation of the method, and demonstrates its applicability to the analysis of sidestep movements


The Influence Of Orthotic Devices And Vastus Medialis Strength And Timing On Patellofemoral Loads During Running, R. R. Neptune, I. C. Wright, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert Dec 2013

The Influence Of Orthotic Devices And Vastus Medialis Strength And Timing On Patellofemoral Loads During Running, R. R. Neptune, I. C. Wright, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert

Antonie J. van den Bogert

Objective. To use a musculoskeletal model and simulation of running to examine: (1) the influence of two commonly prescribed treatments for patellofemoral pain (vastus medialis oblique strengthening and orthoses) and (2) the functional significance of timing differences between vastus medialis oblique and vastus lateralis on lateral patellofemoral joint loads. Design. A three-dimensional musculoskeletal model of the lower extremity was used to simulate running at 4 m/s. Background. Repetitive and excessive joint loading is often associated with overuse injuries that require clinical treatments to reduce pain and restore function. Affecting one in four runners, patellofemoral pain is one of the ...


Foot And Ankle Forces During An Automobile Collision: The Influence Of Muscles, Elizabeth C. Hardin, Anne Su, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert Dec 2013

Foot And Ankle Forces During An Automobile Collision: The Influence Of Muscles, Elizabeth C. Hardin, Anne Su, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert

Antonie J. van den Bogert

Muscles have a potentially important effect on lower extremity injuries during an automobile collision. Computational modeling can be a powerful tool to predict these effects and develop protective interventions. Our purpose was to determine how muscles influence peak foot and ankle forces during an automobile collision. A 2-D bilateral musculoskeletal model was constructed with seven segments. Six muscle groups were included in the right lower extremity, each represented by a Hill muscle model. Vehicle deceleration data were applied as input and the resulting movements were simulated. Three models were evaluated: no muscles (NM), minimal muscle activation at a brake pedal ...


Development And Validation Of A 3-D Model To Predict Knee Joint Loading During Dynamic Movement, Scott G. Mclean, Anne Su, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert Dec 2013

Development And Validation Of A 3-D Model To Predict Knee Joint Loading During Dynamic Movement, Scott G. Mclean, Anne Su, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert

Antonie J. van den Bogert

The purpose of this study was to develop a subject-specific 3-D model of the lowerextremity to predict neuromuscular control effects on 3-D knee joint loading during movements that can potentially cause injury to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in the knee. The simulation consisted of a forward dynamic 3-D musculoskeletal model of the lower extremity, scaled to represent a specific subject. Inputs of the model were the initial position and velocity of the skeletal elements, and the muscle stimulation patterns. Outputs of the model were movement and ground reaction forces, as well as resultant 3-D forces and moments acting across ...


Effects Of Foot Orthoses On Skeletal Motion During Running, A. Stacoff, C. Reinschmidt, B. M. Nigg, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert, A. Lundberg, J. Denoth, E. Stüssi Dec 2013

Effects Of Foot Orthoses On Skeletal Motion During Running, A. Stacoff, C. Reinschmidt, B. M. Nigg, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert, A. Lundberg, J. Denoth, E. Stüssi

Antonie J. van den Bogert

Objective. To quantify the effects of medial foot orthoses on skeletal movements of the calcaneus and tibia during the stance phase in running. Design. Kinematic effects of medial foot orthoses (anterior, posterior, no support) were tested using skeletal (and shoe) markers at the calcaneus and tibia. Background. Previous studies using shoe and skin markers concluded that medially placed orthoses control/reduce foot eversion and tibial rotation. However, it is currently unknown if such orthoses also affect skeletal motion at the lower extremities. Methods. Intracortical Hofman pins with reflective marker triads were inserted under standard local anesthetic into the calcaneus and ...


Sagittal Plane Biomechanics Cannot Injure The Acl During Sidestep Cutting, Scott G. Mclean, Xuemei Huang, Anne Su, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert Dec 2013

Sagittal Plane Biomechanics Cannot Injure The Acl During Sidestep Cutting, Scott G. Mclean, Xuemei Huang, Anne Su, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert

Antonie J. van den Bogert

Background. Knee joint sagittal plane forces are a proposed mechanism of anterior cruciate ligament injury during sport movements such as sidestep cutting. Ligament force magnitudes for these movements however, remain unknown. The need to examine injury-causing events suggests elucidation via model-based investigations is possible. Using this approach, the current study determined whether sagittal plane knee loading during sidestep cutting could in isolation injure the anterior cruciate ligament. Methods. Experiments were performed on subject-specific forward dynamic musculoskeletal models, generated from data obtained from 10 male and 10 female athletes. Models were optimized to simulate subject-specific cutting movements. Random perturbations (n=5000 ...


Adaptive Surrogate Modeling For Efficient Coupling Of Musculoskeletal Control And Tissue Deformation Models, Jason P. Halloran, Ahmet Erdemir, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert Dec 2013

Adaptive Surrogate Modeling For Efficient Coupling Of Musculoskeletal Control And Tissue Deformation Models, Jason P. Halloran, Ahmet Erdemir, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert

Antonie J. van den Bogert

Background Finite element (FE) modeling and multibody dynamics have traditionally been applied separately to the domains of tissue mechanics and musculoskeletal movements, respectively. Simultaneous simulation of both domains is needed when interactions between tissue and movement are of interest, but this has remained largely impractical due to high computational cost. Method of Approach Here we present a method for concurrent simulation of tissue and movement, in which state of the art methods are used in each domain, and communication occurs via a surrogate modeling system based on locally weighted regression. The surrogate model only performs FE simulations when regression from ...


A Weighted Least-Squares Method For Inverse Dynamic Analysis, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert, Anne Su Dec 2013

A Weighted Least-Squares Method For Inverse Dynamic Analysis, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert, Anne Su

Antonie J. van den Bogert

Internal forces in the human body can be estimated from measured movements and external forces using inverse dynamic analysis. Here we present a general method of analysis which makes optimal use of all available data, and allows the use of inverse dynamic analysis in cases where external force data is incomplete. The method was evaluated for the analysis of running on a partially instrumented treadmill. It was found that results correlate well with those of a conventional analysis where all external forces are known.


Model-Based Estimation Of Muscle Forces Exerted During Movements, Ahmet Erdemir, Scott Mclean, Walter Herzog, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert Dec 2013

Model-Based Estimation Of Muscle Forces Exerted During Movements, Ahmet Erdemir, Scott Mclean, Walter Herzog, Antonie J. Van Den Bogert

Antonie J. van den Bogert

Estimation of individual muscle forces during human movement can provide insight into neural control and tissue loading and can thus contribute to improved diagnosis and management of both neurological and orthopaedic conditions. Direct measurement of muscle forces is generally not feasible in a clinical setting, and non-invasive methods based on musculoskeletal modeling should therefore be considered. The current state of the art in clinical movement analysis is that resultant joint torques can be reliably estimated from motion data and external forces (inverse dynamic analysis). Static optimization methods to transform joint torques into estimates of individual muscle forces using musculoskeletal models ...