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Other Civil and Environmental Engineering

Environmental hydraulics

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Full-Text Articles in Computer Engineering

A Numerical Study Of The Lateral Hyporheic Flow About A Channels Confluence, C. Gualtieri Jul 2016

A Numerical Study Of The Lateral Hyporheic Flow About A Channels Confluence, C. Gualtieri

International Congress on Environmental Modelling and Software

Stream and pore waters continuously interact and mix within streambeds due to spatial and temporal variations in channel characteristics. This mixing is termed as hyporheic exchange and the zone where groundwater and stream water are mixing is called hyporheic zone, which can greatly affect water quality is both surface and subsurface water systems. Typical examples of hyporheic fluxes are those under bedforms, intra-meander or across point bar deposits, while the lateral and vertical hyporheic exchanges about a riverine confluence was almost never investigated.

The paper presents some results of a numerical study carried out to investigate the basic features of ...


Hydrodynamics And Transverse Mixing In A Rectangular Channel With Bed Forms And Bank Vegetation, M. Ghasemi, M. Heidarpour, C. Gualtieri, S. H. Tabatabaei Jul 2016

Hydrodynamics And Transverse Mixing In A Rectangular Channel With Bed Forms And Bank Vegetation, M. Ghasemi, M. Heidarpour, C. Gualtieri, S. H. Tabatabaei

International Congress on Environmental Modelling and Software

The analysis of contaminants mixing in natural channels is an important topic of Environmental Hydraulics. In the mid-field, the prediction of transverse mixing is complicated by other typical features of natural channels, such as bed forms and vegetation. The present experimental research investigated the effects of bedforms and banks vegetation on the structure of the turbulent flow field and on the transverse mixing process in a channel. A flume equipped with a set of ten 2D fixed dunes on the bed and rice stems at the banks was used. Detailed velocity measurements were performed using acoustic Doppler velocimetry. Mixing measurements ...


Bedform-Induced Hyporheic Exchange: Impact Of Porous Medium Permeability, Carto Gualtieri Jun 2014

Bedform-Induced Hyporheic Exchange: Impact Of Porous Medium Permeability, Carto Gualtieri

International Congress on Environmental Modelling and Software

Stream and pore waters continuously interact and mix within streambeds due to spatial and temporal variations in channel characteristics. This mixing is termed hyporheic exchange and the zone where groundwater and stream water are mixing is called the hyporheic zone, which can greatly affect water quality in both surface and subsurface water systems.

The paper presents some results of a numerical study carried out to investigate the influence of porous medium permeability on hyporheic exchange. Laminar flow in the water column above triangular bedforms and Darcian flow in the underlying permeable sediments were considered. Numerical simulations were carried out in ...