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Articles 1 - 11 of 11

Full-Text Articles in Computer Engineering

Can Declared Strategy Voting Be An Effective Instrument For Group Decision-Making?, Lorrie Cranor Dec 2015

Can Declared Strategy Voting Be An Effective Instrument For Group Decision-Making?, Lorrie Cranor

Lorrie F Cranor

The goal of this research is to determine whether declared strategy voting can be an effective tool for group decision-making. Declared strategy voting is a novel group decision-making procedure in which preference is specified using voting strategies - first-order mathematical functions that specify a choice in terms of zero or more parameters. This research will focus on refining the declared strategy voting concept, developing an accessible implementation of declared strategy voting that can be used for mock elections, assessing the potential impacts of declared strategy voting, and evaluating the effectiveness of declared strategy voting for group decision-making. This proposal describes the ...


Design And Implementation Of A Practical Security-Conscious Electronic Polling System, Lorrie Cranor, Ron Cytron Dec 2015

Design And Implementation Of A Practical Security-Conscious Electronic Polling System, Lorrie Cranor, Ron Cytron

Lorrie F Cranor

We present the design and implementation of Sensus, a practical, secure and private system for conducting surveys and elections over computer networks. Expanding on the work of Fujioka, Okamoto, and Ohta, Sensus uses blind signatures to ensure that only registered voters can vote and that each registered voter only votes once, while at the same time maintaining voters' privacy. Sensus allows voters to verify independently that their votes were counted correctly, and anonymously challenge the results should their votes be miscounted. We outline seven desirable properties of voting systems and show that Sensus satisfied these properties well, in some cases ...


Towards Synthesis Of Platform-Aware Attack-Resilient Control Systems: Extended Abstract, Miroslav Pajic, Nicola Bezzo, James Weimer, Rajeev Alur, Rahul Mangharam, Nathan Michael, George Pappas, Oleg Sokolsky, Paulo Tabuada, Stephanie Weirich, Insup Lee Jun 2015

Towards Synthesis Of Platform-Aware Attack-Resilient Control Systems: Extended Abstract, Miroslav Pajic, Nicola Bezzo, James Weimer, Rajeev Alur, Rahul Mangharam, Nathan Michael, George Pappas, Oleg Sokolsky, Paulo Tabuada, Stephanie Weirich, Insup Lee

Stephanie Weirich

No abstract provided.


Crowdsourced Earthquake Early Warning, Sarah Minson, Benjamin Brooks, Craig Glennie, Jessica Murray, John Langbein, Susan Owen, Thomas Heaton, Robert Iannucci, Darren Hauser Mar 2015

Crowdsourced Earthquake Early Warning, Sarah Minson, Benjamin Brooks, Craig Glennie, Jessica Murray, John Langbein, Susan Owen, Thomas Heaton, Robert Iannucci, Darren Hauser

Robert A Iannucci

Earthquake early warning (EEW) can reduce harm to people and infrastructure from earthquakes and tsunamis, but it has not been implemented in most high earthquake-risk regions because of prohibitive cost. Common consumer devices such as smartphones contain low-cost versions of the sensors used in EEW. Although less accurate than scientific-grade instruments, these sensors are globally ubiquitous. Through controlled tests of consumer devices, simulation of an Mw (moment magnitude) 7 earthquake on California’s Hayward fault, and real data from the Mw 9 Tohoku-oki earthquake, we demonstrate that EEW could be achieved via crowdsourcing.


As-Cred: Reputation And Alert Service For Inter-Domain Routing, Jian Chang, Krishna Venkatasubramanian, Andrew West, Sampath Kannan, Insup Lee, Boon Thau Loo, Oleg Sokolsky Jun 2014

As-Cred: Reputation And Alert Service For Inter-Domain Routing, Jian Chang, Krishna Venkatasubramanian, Andrew West, Sampath Kannan, Insup Lee, Boon Thau Loo, Oleg Sokolsky

Oleg Sokolsky

Being the backbone routing system of the Internet, the operational aspect of the inter-domain routing is highly complex. Building a trustworthy ecosystem for inter-domain routing requires the proper maintenance of trust relationships among tens of thousands of peer IP domains called Autonomous Systems (ASes). ASes today implicitly trust any routing information received from other ASes as part of the Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) updates. Such blind trust is problematic given the dramatic rise in the number of anomalous updates being disseminated, which pose grave security consequences for the inter-domain routing operation. In this paper, we present ASCRED, an AS reputation ...


Personality Types In Software Engineering, Luiz Capretz Jul 2013

Personality Types In Software Engineering, Luiz Capretz

Luiz Fernando Capretz

No abstract provided.


A Parameterized Stereo Vision Core For Fpgas, Mark Chang, Stephen Longfield Jul 2012

A Parameterized Stereo Vision Core For Fpgas, Mark Chang, Stephen Longfield

Mark L. Chang

We present a parameterized stereo vision core suitable for a wide range of FPGA targets and stereo vision applications. By enabling easy tuning of algorithm parameters, our system allows for rapid exploration of the design space and simpler implementation of high-performance stereo vision systems. This implementation utilizes the census transform algorithm to calculate depth information from a pair of images delivered from a simulated stereo camera pair. This work advances our previous work through implementation improvements, a stereo camera pair simulation framework, and a scalable stereo vision core.


Precis: A Usercentric Word-Length Optimization Tool, Mark Chang, Scott Hauck Jul 2012

Precis: A Usercentric Word-Length Optimization Tool, Mark Chang, Scott Hauck

Mark L. Chang

Translating an algorithm designed for a general-purpose processor into an algorithm optimized for custom logic requires extensive knowledge of the algorithm and the target hardware. Precis lets designers analyze the precision requirements of algorithms specified in Matlab. The design time tool combines simulation, user input, and program analysis to help designers focus their manual precision optimization efforts.


Modeling Architectural Strategy Using Design Structure Networks, C. Jason Woodard Apr 2012

Modeling Architectural Strategy Using Design Structure Networks, C. Jason Woodard

C. Jason Woodard

System architects face the formidable task of purposefully shaping an evolving space of complex designs. Their task s further complicated when they lack full control of the design process, and therefore must anticipate the behavior of other stakeholders, including the designers of component products and competing systems. This paper presents a conceptual tool called a design structure network (DSN) to help architects and design scientists reason effectively about these situations. A DSN is a graphical representation of a system’s design space. DSNs improve on existing representation schemes by providing a compact and intuitive way to express design options—the ...


On The Coordinated Navigation Of Multiple Independent Disk-Shaped Robots, Cem Serkan Karagöz, H. Isil Bozma, Daniel Koditschek Mar 2012

On The Coordinated Navigation Of Multiple Independent Disk-Shaped Robots, Cem Serkan Karagöz, H. Isil Bozma, Daniel Koditschek

Daniel E Koditschek

This paper addresses the coordinated navigation of multiple independently actuated disk-shaped robots - all placed within the same disk-shaped workspace. Assuming perfect sensing, shared centralized communications and computation, as well as perfect actuation, we encode complete information about the goal, obstacles and workspace boundary using an artificial potential function over the cross product space of the robots’ simultaneous configurations. The closed-loop dynamics governing the motion of each robot take the form of the appropriate projection of the gradient of this function. We show, with some reasonable restrictions on the allowable goal positions, that this function is an essential navigation function - a ...


Multi-Channel Peer-To-Peer Streaming Systems As Resource Allocation Problems, Miao Wang Feb 2012

Multi-Channel Peer-To-Peer Streaming Systems As Resource Allocation Problems, Miao Wang

Miao Wang

In the past few years, the Internet has witnessed the success of Peer-to-Peer (P2P) streaming technology, which has attracted millions of users. More recently, commercial P2P streaming systems have begun to support multiple channels and a user in such systems is allowed to watch more than one channel at a time. We refer to such systems as multi-channel P2P streaming systems. In this dissertation, we focus on designing multi-channel P2P streaming systems with the goal of providing optimal streaming quality for all channels, termed as system-wide optimal streaming quality. Specifically, we design the systems from the perspective of how to ...