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Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2013

University of Tennessee, Knoxville

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Articles 1 - 17 of 17

Full-Text Articles in Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering

Reconstruction Of Patient-Specific Bone Models From X-Ray Radiography, Hatem Amin Abdel Fattah El Dakhakhni Dec 2013

Reconstruction Of Patient-Specific Bone Models From X-Ray Radiography, Hatem Amin Abdel Fattah El Dakhakhni

Doctoral Dissertations

The availability of a patient‐specific bone model has become an increasingly invaluable addition to orthopedic case evaluation and planning [1]. Utilized within a wide range of specialized visualization and analysis tools, such models provide unprecedented wealth of bone shape information previously unattainable using traditional radiographic imaging [2]. In this work, a novel bone reconstruction method from two or more x‐ray images is described. This method is superior to previous attempts in terms of accuracy and repeatability. The new technique accurately models the radiological scene in a way that eliminates the need for expensive multi‐planar radiographic imaging systems ...


The Advancement Of Bacterial Cellulose As A Bone And Vascular Scaffolds, Ryan Lee Hammonds Dec 2013

The Advancement Of Bacterial Cellulose As A Bone And Vascular Scaffolds, Ryan Lee Hammonds

Doctoral Dissertations

Bacterial cellulose (BC) is a natural hydrogel made of nanofibers. This material has been used in commercial products, including wound dressings. BC can be modified and optimized for improved performance in multiple applications. This work will focus on producing and characterizing resorbable cellulose, a composite for bone applications, and a composite for a synthetic venous valve leaflet.

BC can be produced and modified to perform as a degradable tissue scaffold. This is achieved by an oxidation procedure after the initial production and purification of native BC. A material characterization of oxidized BC was performed to identify the changes in properties ...


Analysis, Segmentation And Prediction Of Knee Cartilage Using Statistical Shape Models, Joseph Michael Johnson Dec 2013

Analysis, Segmentation And Prediction Of Knee Cartilage Using Statistical Shape Models, Joseph Michael Johnson

Doctoral Dissertations

Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is one of the leading causes of chronic disability (along with the hip). Due to rising healthcare costs associated with OA, it is important to fully understand the disease and how it progresses in the knee. One symptom of knee OA is the degeneration of cartilage in the articulating knee. The cartilage pad plays a major role in painting the biomechanical picture of the knee. This work attempts to quantify the cartilage thickness of healthy male and female knees using statistical shape models (SSMs) for a deep knee bend activity. Additionally, novel cartilage segmentation from ...


An Implantable Low Pressure Biosensor Transponder, Chad Eric Seaver Dec 2013

An Implantable Low Pressure Biosensor Transponder, Chad Eric Seaver

Masters Theses

The human body’s intracranial pressure (ICP) is a critical element in sustaining healthy blood flow to the brain while allowing adequate volume for brain tissue within the relatively rigid structure of the cranium. Disruptions in the body’s maintenance of intracranial pressure are often caused by hemorrhage, tumors, edema, or excess cerebral spinal fluid resulting in treatments that are estimated to globally cost up to approximately five billion dollars annually. A critical element in the contemporary management of acute head injury, intracranial hemorrhage, stroke, or other conditions resulting in intracranial hypertension, is the real-time monitoring of ICP. Currently such ...


Automated Fragmentary Bone Matching, Ali Saad Mustafa Dec 2013

Automated Fragmentary Bone Matching, Ali Saad Mustafa

Masters Theses

Identification, reconstruction and matching of fragmentary bones are basic tasks required to accomplish quantification and analysis of fragmentary human remains derived from forensic contexts. Appropriate techniques for three-dimensional surface matching have received great attention in computer vision literature, and various methods have been proposed for matching fragmentary meshes; however, many of these methods lack automation, speed and/or suffer from high sensitivity to noise. In addition, reconstruction of fragementary bones along with identification in the presence of reference model to compare with in an automatic scheme have not been addressed. In order to address these issues, we used a multi-stage ...


Discrete Geometric Based Stress Analysis Of The Lumbar Soft Tissues From In Vivo Kinematics, Joseph W. Mitchell Aug 2013

Discrete Geometric Based Stress Analysis Of The Lumbar Soft Tissues From In Vivo Kinematics, Joseph W. Mitchell

Doctoral Dissertations

Back pain in the region of the lumbar spine has become an increasingly significant problem among individuals in the United States and is a leading cause of disability and missed work days. At present, efforts focused on treating both the symptoms and causes of low back pain have proven to be difficult, and researchers and clinicians still do not fully understand the most effective means for treating the symptoms. Utilizing a biomechanics approach, it is assumed that lower back pain is, at least in part, associated with an increased localized stress.

Current models used to determine stresses are typically based ...


Development Of A Computational Methodology For Evaluating In Vivo Vertebral Mechanics In Subjects Having Various Conditions Of The Lumbar Spine, Christopher Brian Carr Aug 2013

Development Of A Computational Methodology For Evaluating In Vivo Vertebral Mechanics In Subjects Having Various Conditions Of The Lumbar Spine, Christopher Brian Carr

Doctoral Dissertations

Treating and evaluating the causes of low back pain (LBP) is difficult and not fully understood. However, assessing the in vivo motions and loading characteristics in the lumbar spine may provide important data for progressing the diagnosis and treatment of pathologies linked with LBP.

This dissertation describes the development of a comprehensive approach for collecting both the kinematics and kinetics of the lumbar vertebrae under in vivo conditions. Forty-four subjects representing healthy, symptomatic, pathological, and surgically implanted (pre- and post-operative) conditions of the lumbar spine were evaluated using dynamic fluoroscopy and 3D-to-2D image registration to assess the motions of the ...


An Investigation Of Markov Random Fields For Bayesian Reconstruction Of Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography, Lloyd Fredrick Arrowood Aug 2013

An Investigation Of Markov Random Fields For Bayesian Reconstruction Of Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography, Lloyd Fredrick Arrowood

Doctoral Dissertations

This research investigates the use of Markov random fields for Bayesian reconstruction algorithms to be used with high-resolution and high-sensitivity SPECT systems for small animal imaging. It extends previous research on mechanical models for Bayesian image reconstruction by using a three-dimensional nonconforming finite element model and linear elasticity concepts to derive minimum potential energy functionals which regularize the reconstruction process. It combines dual collimator SPECT projection data by using high-resolution data to penalize lower-resolution data. It compares the new three-dimensional penalized reconstruction technique with existing penalized techniques through the use of modulation transfer and contrast discrimination functions.


Multiscale Modeling Of Toxoplasma Gondii, Adam Michael Sullivan Aug 2013

Multiscale Modeling Of Toxoplasma Gondii, Adam Michael Sullivan

Doctoral Dissertations

Toxoplasma gondii is a potentially deadly parasite that uses a very unique way of manipulating the cell and immune systems. To investigate the mechanics of how the parasite spreads within hosts, several interwoven topics related to the study of within-host dynamics of Toxoplasma gondii are presented here. Understanding the complicated methods of how the parasite grows, dies, invades, replicates, and evades the host immune response is the critical aim of this independent research. Understanding the processes of acute and chronic infection are studied independently, followed by modeling the two processes in the same model. Finally, the dynamic models are simulated ...


Human Motion Analysis With Wearable Inertial Sensors, Xi Chen Aug 2013

Human Motion Analysis With Wearable Inertial Sensors, Xi Chen

Doctoral Dissertations

High-resolution, quantitative data obtained by a human motion capture system can be used to better understand the cause of many diseases for effective treatments. Talking about the daily care of the aging population, two issues are critical. One is to continuously track motions and position of aging people when they are at home, inside a building or in the unknown environment; the other is to monitor their health status in real time when they are in the free-living environment. Continuous monitoring of human movement in their natural living environment potentially provide more valuable feedback than these in laboratory settings. However ...


Green Manufacturing Of Nanoparticles For Biomedical Applications, Sijia Yi Aug 2013

Green Manufacturing Of Nanoparticles For Biomedical Applications, Sijia Yi

Doctoral Dissertations

The vast majority of nanomaterials are chemically synthesized, a costly process, that is environmentally risky, and the produced nanoparticles are potentially toxic to patients. Nature-based nanomaterials, however, are proving to be much more biocompatible with lower environmental toxicity. Even though a variety of natural nanomaterials have been designed, fabrication technologies for the desired natural nanoparticles with reproducible quality, high productivity and low cost remain a challenge. My objective has been to establish strategies for the isolation, purification and characterization of nanoparticles using a production system based on green tea and fungus (Arthrobotrys oligospora) and also to develop new approaches for ...


Dynamic Mutual Capacitive Sensor For Human Interactions., Jonathan William Huber May 2013

Dynamic Mutual Capacitive Sensor For Human Interactions., Jonathan William Huber

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation introduces the novel concept of removing the ground conductive plate by utilizing body capacitance as the ground in the capacitive sensor, whereby circuit pressure sensing can occur with only one plate and one dielectric. Additionally, body capacitance sensing was limited to a binary touch-no-touch output, whereas the method presented here can sense various applied pressures. The resulting circuit acts as an antenna that receives local capacitance signals from a human interaction.

The advantage of this design is that it allows for both proximity sensing and pressure sensing (once the body part is touching the dielectric material). This setup ...


Femtosecond Laser Patterned Templates And Imprinted Polymer Structures, Deepak Rajput May 2013

Femtosecond Laser Patterned Templates And Imprinted Polymer Structures, Deepak Rajput

Doctoral Dissertations

Femtosecond laser machining is a direct-write lithography technique by which user-defined patterns are efficiently and rapidly generated at the surface or within the bulk of transparent materials. When femtosecond laser machining is performed with tightly focused amplified pulses in single-pulse mode, transparent substrates like fused silica can be surface patterned with high aspect ratio (>10:1) and deep (>10 μm) nanoholes. The main objective behind this dissertation is to develop single-pulse amplified femtosecond laser machining into a novel technique for the production of fused silica templates with user-defined patterns made of high aspect ratio nanoholes. The size of the nanoholes ...


Automated Home Apnea System, Collin G. Howser, Trevor Grieco May 2013

Automated Home Apnea System, Collin G. Howser, Trevor Grieco

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Universal Personal Transfer, Arian Nasab May 2013

Universal Personal Transfer, Arian Nasab

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


An Investigation Of Rare Earth Co-Doping In Fluorochlorozirconate Glass-Ceramic Imaging Plates To Improve The Storage Phosphor Properties For Computed Radiography, Sharon Gray May 2013

An Investigation Of Rare Earth Co-Doping In Fluorochlorozirconate Glass-Ceramic Imaging Plates To Improve The Storage Phosphor Properties For Computed Radiography, Sharon Gray

Masters Theses

Computed radiography is a standard medical imaging technology that uses photostimulable storage phosphor imaging plates to create an image. X-rays create electron hole pairs within the plate which recombine upon stimulation by a laser, producing light which is read out and stored as a digital image. Modern imaging plates contain an active layer of crystalline storage phosphors embedded in a polymer binder. The resolution of images from these plates is reduced due to light scattering at grain boundaries during readout. Fluorochlorozirconate (FCZ) glass-ceramic imaging plates containing BaCl2:Eu2+ [barium chloride] [europium]nanocrystals in the orthorhombic phase have been ...


Elucidating Role Of Heart Valve Cells In The Aortic Valve Calcification, Mary Katherine Bailey, Adithi Amarnath Mar 2013

Elucidating Role Of Heart Valve Cells In The Aortic Valve Calcification, Mary Katherine Bailey, Adithi Amarnath

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

No abstract provided.