Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Engineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 24 of 24

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Cdse Quantum Dots Synthesis Laboratory Course For High School Students, Danlin Zuo, Gyuseok Kim, David Jones Dec 2019

Cdse Quantum Dots Synthesis Laboratory Course For High School Students, Danlin Zuo, Gyuseok Kim, David Jones

Protocols and Reports

Cadmium selenide quantum dot is a fascinating subject for leading high school students to the quantum world. An 8-hour laboratory course for up to 12 high school students is proposed. The 8-hour course consist of two 4-hours sections. This laboratory course includes the quantum dot syntheses, absorption and emission characterization, and data analysis. The proposes process runs at relatively lower temperature which means safe and easy, and shows apparent experimental results.


Electropermeabilization Does Not Correlate With Plasma Membrane Lipid Oxidation, Olga Michel, Andrei G. Pakhomov, Maura Casciola, Jolanta Saczko, Julita Kulbacka, Olga N. Pakhomova Dec 2019

Electropermeabilization Does Not Correlate With Plasma Membrane Lipid Oxidation, Olga Michel, Andrei G. Pakhomov, Maura Casciola, Jolanta Saczko, Julita Kulbacka, Olga N. Pakhomova

Bioelectrics Publications

The permeabilized condition of the cell membrane after electroporation can last minutes but the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Previous studies suggest that lipid peroxidation could be responsible for the lasting leaky state of the membrane. The present study aims to link oxidation within the plasma membrane of live cells to permeabilization by electric pulses. We have introduced a method for the detection of oxidation by ratiometric fluorescence measurements of BODIPY-C11 dye using total internal reflection fluorescence (TIRF) microscopy, limiting the signal to the cell membrane. CHO-K1 cells were cultured on glass coverslips coated with an electroconductive indium tin oxide (ITO ...


Effect Of Annealing On The Contact Resistance Of Aluminum On A P-Type Substrate, Shrey Shah, George Patrick Watson Nov 2019

Effect Of Annealing On The Contact Resistance Of Aluminum On A P-Type Substrate, Shrey Shah, George Patrick Watson

Protocols and Reports

Aluminum contacts are widely used to form both ohmic and rectifying contacts. The process to form these contacts involves annealing, thus it is important to study the effect of annealing on the electrical properties of the contacts. Here, we present a way to measure the contact resistance of aluminum contacts formed on a p-type silicon substrate. It was found the contact resistivity decreased by an average of 18%. It was thus found that annealing at 400°C in a forming gas environment improves the electrical properties of aluminum contacts.


Synergistic Activation Of Inspiratory Muscles By An Adaptive Closed-Loop Controller, Rabeya Zinnat Adury Nov 2019

Synergistic Activation Of Inspiratory Muscles By An Adaptive Closed-Loop Controller, Rabeya Zinnat Adury

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

During diaphragmatic pacing reverse recruitment of muscle fibers causes muscle fatigue. Current diaphragmatic pacing paradigms also do not permit sigh-like behavior. In spontaneously breathing anesthetized rats, studies were carried out to determine if synergized pacing of external intercostal muscles and the diaphragm would increase the efficiency of diaphragm stimulation and thus a) achieve the desired ventilatory breath volume profile with reduced diaphragm muscle fatigue, and/or b) be able to elicit sigh-like behavior by periodically increasing stimulation. Under combined inspiratory muscle stimulation, a fatigue index calculated for the diaphragm muscle (n=6 rats) was significantly lower (p<0.05) than in the ...


Estimating Cognitive Workload In An Interactive Virtual Reality Environment Using Eeg, Christoph Tremmel, Christain Herff, Tetsuya Sato, Krzysztof Rechowicz, Yusuke Yamani, Dean J. Krusienski Nov 2019

Estimating Cognitive Workload In An Interactive Virtual Reality Environment Using Eeg, Christoph Tremmel, Christain Herff, Tetsuya Sato, Krzysztof Rechowicz, Yusuke Yamani, Dean J. Krusienski

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

With the recent surge of affordable, high-performance virtual reality (VR) headsets, there is unlimited potential for applications ranging from education, to training, to entertainment, to fitness and beyond. As these interfaces continue to evolve, passive user-state monitoring can play a key role in expanding the immersive VR experience, and tracking activity for user well-being. By recording physiological signals such as the electroencephalogram (EEG) during use of a VR device, the user's interactions in the virtual environment could be adapted in real-time based on the user's cognitive state. Current VR headsets provide a logical, convenient, and unobtrusive framework for ...


Adaptive Closed-Loop Neuromorphic Controller For Use In Respiratory Pacing, Ricardo Siu Jul 2019

Adaptive Closed-Loop Neuromorphic Controller For Use In Respiratory Pacing, Ricardo Siu

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Respiratory pacing can treat ventilatory insufficiency through electrical stimulation of the respiratory muscles, or the respective innervating nerves, to induce ventilation. It avoids some of the adverse effects associated with mechanical ventilation such as risk of diaphragm atrophy and lung damage. However, current respiratory pacing systems provide stimulation in an open-loop manner. This often requires users to undergo frequent tuning sessions with trained clinicians if the specified stimulation parameters are unable to induce sufficient ventilation in the presence of time-varying changes in muscle properties, chest biomechanics, and metabolic demand. Lack of adaptation to these changes may lead to complications arising ...


Investigating The Role Of Coil Designs And Anatomical Variations In Cerebellar Tms, Xiaojing Zhong, Priyam Rastogi, Yifei Wang, Erik G. Lee, David C. Jiles Jul 2019

Investigating The Role Of Coil Designs And Anatomical Variations In Cerebellar Tms, Xiaojing Zhong, Priyam Rastogi, Yifei Wang, Erik G. Lee, David C. Jiles

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive neuromodulation technique that is used for treating various neurological disorders such as major depressive disorder. TMS has been gaining popularity in the field of neurostimulation of the cerebellum, since the cerebellum is a complex structure connected with almost the entire central nervous system and TMS has promise for non-invasively probing cerebellar function. Recent studies have discovered that the cerebellum plays an important role not only in motor planning and behavior but also in the cognitive domain. However, few studies have explored how different coil designs and anatomical variations affect the effectiveness of cerebellar ...


Development Of A Sonically Powered Biodegradable Nanogenerator For Bone Regeneration, Avi S. Patel May 2019

Development Of A Sonically Powered Biodegradable Nanogenerator For Bone Regeneration, Avi S. Patel

University Scholar Projects

Background: Reconstruction of bone fractures and defects remains a big challenge in orthopedic surgery. While regenerative engineering has advanced the field greatly using a combination of biomaterial scaffolds and stem cells, one matter of difficulty is inducing osteogenesis in these cells. Recent works have shown electricity’s ability to promote osteogenesis in stem cell lines when seeded in bone scaffolds; however, typical electrical stimulators are either (a) externally housed and require overcomplex percutaneous wires be connected to the implanted scaffold or (b) implanted non-degradable devices which contain toxic batteries and require invasive removal surgeries.

Objective: Here, we establish a biodegradable ...


Development Of A Sonically Powered Biodegradable Nanogenerator For Bone Regeneration, Avi Patel May 2019

Development Of A Sonically Powered Biodegradable Nanogenerator For Bone Regeneration, Avi Patel

Honors Scholar Theses

Background: Reconstruction of bone fractures and defects remains a big challenge in orthopedic surgery. While regenerative engineering has advanced the field greatly using a combination of biomaterial scaffolds and stem cells, one matter of difficulty is inducing osteogenesis in these cells. Recent works have shown electricity’s ability to promote osteogenesis in stem cell lines when seeded in bone scaffolds; however, typical electrical stimulators are either (a) externally housed and require overcomplex percutaneous wires be connected to the implanted scaffold or (b) implanted non-degradable devices which contain toxic batteries and require invasive removal surgeries.

Objective: Here, we establish a biodegradable ...


Seeing Eye To Eye: A Machine Learning Approach To Automated Saccade Analysis, Maigh Attre May 2019

Seeing Eye To Eye: A Machine Learning Approach To Automated Saccade Analysis, Maigh Attre

Honors Scholar Theses

Abnormal ocular motility is a common manifestation of many underlying pathologies particularly those that are neurological. Dynamics of saccades, when the eye rapidly changes its point of fixation, have been characterized for many neurological disorders including concussions, traumatic brain injuries (TBI), and Parkinson’s disease. However, widespread saccade analysis for diagnostic and research purposes requires the recognition of certain eye movement parameters. Key information such as velocity and duration must be determined from data based on a wide set of patients’ characteristics that may range in eye shapes and iris, hair and skin pigmentation [36]. Previous work on saccade analysis ...


Defining Cell Cluster Size By Dielectrophoretic Capture At An Array Of Wireless Electrodes Of Several Distinct Lengths, Joseph T. Banovetz, Min Li, Darshna Pagariya, Sungu Kim, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Robbyn Anand Apr 2019

Defining Cell Cluster Size By Dielectrophoretic Capture At An Array Of Wireless Electrodes Of Several Distinct Lengths, Joseph T. Banovetz, Min Li, Darshna Pagariya, Sungu Kim, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Robbyn Anand

Chemistry Publications

Clusters of biological cells play an important role in normal and disease states, such as in the release of insulin from pancreatic islets and in the enhanced spread of cancer by clusters of circulating tumor cells. We report a method to pattern cells into clusters having sizes correlated to the dimensions of each electrode in an array of wireless bipolar electrodes (BPEs). The cells are captured by dielectrophoresis (DEP), which confers selectivity, and patterns cells without the need for physical barriers or adhesive interactions that can alter cell function. Our findings demonstrate that this approach readily achieves fine control of ...


Titanium Nitride Nanotube Electrode, Gui Chen, Marcella Gatti Jan 2019

Titanium Nitride Nanotube Electrode, Gui Chen, Marcella Gatti

ROEU 2018-19

This project presents a corrosion-resistant and high capacity implantable TiN nanotube electrode to work as a neural probe. Smaller electrode size allows for reduced tissue damage while the nanopore morphology of the TiN gives a larger surface area and stability to the electrode. The electrode offers improved biocompatibility, reduced tissue damage, reduced cost, and increased usability over time.


Bioelectrical Circuits: Lecture 1, Jacek P. Dmochowski, Luis Cardoso Jan 2019

Bioelectrical Circuits: Lecture 1, Jacek P. Dmochowski, Luis Cardoso

Open Educational Resources

No abstract provided.


Bioelectrical Circuits: Lecture 2, Jacek P. Dmochowski, Luis Cardoso Jan 2019

Bioelectrical Circuits: Lecture 2, Jacek P. Dmochowski, Luis Cardoso

Open Educational Resources

No abstract provided.


Bioelectrical Circuits: Lecture 3, Jacek P. Dmochowski, Luis Cardoso Jan 2019

Bioelectrical Circuits: Lecture 3, Jacek P. Dmochowski, Luis Cardoso

Open Educational Resources

No abstract provided.


Bioelectrical Circuits: Lecture 4, Jacek P. Dmochowski, Luis Cardoso Jan 2019

Bioelectrical Circuits: Lecture 4, Jacek P. Dmochowski, Luis Cardoso

Open Educational Resources

No abstract provided.


Bioelectrical Circuits: Lecture 5, Jacek P. Dmochowski, Luis Cardoso Jan 2019

Bioelectrical Circuits: Lecture 5, Jacek P. Dmochowski, Luis Cardoso

Open Educational Resources

No abstract provided.


Bioelectrical Circuits: Lecture 6, Jacek P. Dmochowski, Luis Cardoso Jan 2019

Bioelectrical Circuits: Lecture 6, Jacek P. Dmochowski, Luis Cardoso

Open Educational Resources

No abstract provided.


Bioelectrical Circuits: Lecture 7, Jacek P. Dmochowski, Luis Cardoso Jan 2019

Bioelectrical Circuits: Lecture 7, Jacek P. Dmochowski, Luis Cardoso

Open Educational Resources

No abstract provided.


Bioelectrical Circuits: Lecture 9, Jacek P. Dmochowski, Luis Cardoso Jan 2019

Bioelectrical Circuits: Lecture 9, Jacek P. Dmochowski, Luis Cardoso

Open Educational Resources

No abstract provided.


Bioelectrical Circuits: Lecture 10, Jacek P. Dmochowski, Luis Cardoso Jan 2019

Bioelectrical Circuits: Lecture 10, Jacek P. Dmochowski, Luis Cardoso

Open Educational Resources

No abstract provided.


Bme 20500 Bioelectrical Circuits, Jacek P. Dmochowski, Luis Cardoso Jan 2019

Bme 20500 Bioelectrical Circuits, Jacek P. Dmochowski, Luis Cardoso

Open Educational Resources

No abstract provided.


Nanosecond Pulsed Electric Signals Can Affect Electrostatic Environment Of Protiens Below The Threshold Of Conformational Effects: The Case Study Of Sod1 With A Molecular Simulation Study, Elena Della Valle, Paolo Marracino, Olga Pakhomova, Micaela Liberti, Francesca Apollonio Jan 2019

Nanosecond Pulsed Electric Signals Can Affect Electrostatic Environment Of Protiens Below The Threshold Of Conformational Effects: The Case Study Of Sod1 With A Molecular Simulation Study, Elena Della Valle, Paolo Marracino, Olga Pakhomova, Micaela Liberti, Francesca Apollonio

Bioelectrics Publications

Electric fields can be a powerful tool to interact with enzymes or proteins, with an intriguing perspective to allow protein manipulation. Recently, researchers have focused the interest on intracellular enzyme modifications triggered by the application of nanosecond pulsed electric fields. These findings were also supported by theoretical predictions from molecular dynamics simulations focussing on significant variations in protein secondary structures. In this work, a theoretical study utilizing molecular dynamics simulations is proposed to explore effects of electric fields of high intensity and very short nanosecond duration applied to the superoxide dismutase (Cu/Zn-SOD or SOD-1), an important enzyme involved in ...


Selective Distant Electrostimulation By Synchronized Bipolar Nanosecond Pulses, Elena C. Gianulis, Maura Casciola, Carol Zhou, Enbo Yang, Shu Xiao, Andrei G. Pakhomov Jan 2019

Selective Distant Electrostimulation By Synchronized Bipolar Nanosecond Pulses, Elena C. Gianulis, Maura Casciola, Carol Zhou, Enbo Yang, Shu Xiao, Andrei G. Pakhomov

Bioelectrics Publications

A unique aspect of electrostimulation (ES) with nanosecond electric pulses (nsEP) is the inhibition of effects when the polarity is reversed. This bipolar cancellation feature makes bipolar nsEP less efficient at biostimulation than unipolar nsEP. We propose to minimize stimulation near pulse-delivering electrodes by applying bipolar nsEP, whereas the superposition of two phase-shifted bipolar nsEP from two independent sources yields a biologically-effective unipolar pulse remotely. This is accomplished by electrical compensation of all nsEP phases except the first one, resulting in the restoration of stimulation efficiency due to cancellation of bipolar cancellation (CANCAN-ES). We experimentally proved the CANCAN-ES paradigm by ...