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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Passive Harmonic Generation At Spring Contacts, Sen Yang Jan 2019

Passive Harmonic Generation At Spring Contacts, Sen Yang

Doctoral Dissertations

"In the first paper, the RF passive harmonic generation phenomenon on the spring contact is studied. A spring contact harmonic generation measurement system is developed. The factors that may have an impact on the spring contact harmonic generation, such as contact material, contact force, and contact resistance are characterized by the measurement system. The gold-to-gold contact is found to be much superior to the stainless-steel contacts. It is also found that the passive nonlinearity at the spring contact is the semiconductor-like junction formed by the surface oxide film.

In the second paper, we show that the maximum E-field coupling occurs ...


Non-Invasive Microwave And Millimeter Wave Reflectometry And Imaging For Human Skin Diagnosis And Materials Characterization, Yuan Gao Jan 2019

Non-Invasive Microwave And Millimeter Wave Reflectometry And Imaging For Human Skin Diagnosis And Materials Characterization, Yuan Gao

Doctoral Dissertations

"Microwave and millimeter wave reflectometry and synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imaging techniques have been successfully applied in many applications, such as nondestructive testing and evaluation (NDT&E), security inspection and medical diagnosis. In this dissertation, the feasibility of using microwave and millimeter reflectometry and SAR imaging for burn diagnosis is investigated through both simulations and measurements, with promising results. To correctly model the interaction between electromagnetic waves and skin, the proper knowledge of the complex permittivity of healthy skin is critically important. To this end, the common used measurement methods for in vivo skin complex permittivity are reviewed and analyzed ...


Characterization And Modeling Of Esd Events And Near-Field Scanning Calibration Structures, Shubhankar Kashinath Marathe Jan 2019

Characterization And Modeling Of Esd Events And Near-Field Scanning Calibration Structures, Shubhankar Kashinath Marathe

Doctoral Dissertations

"This research is divided into three papers that cover, two major topics. The first topic, system-level electrostatic discharge (ESD), is discussed over the course of two papers. The second topic, a calibration structure for near-field scanning probe calibration application, is discussed in the last paper. In the first paper, software-assisted detection methods are proposed for secondary ESD discharges. The measured waveforms are analyzed with respect to waveform parameters, such as the vertical threshold of the rising edge, the derivative of the current waveform, and total charge delivered. These parameters enable automatic detection of secondary ESD while monitoring the discharge waveform ...


Modeling Strategies For Estimating And Suppressing Electromagnetic Interference And Improving Power Integrity, Tamar Makharashvili Jan 2019

Modeling Strategies For Estimating And Suppressing Electromagnetic Interference And Improving Power Integrity, Tamar Makharashvili

Doctoral Dissertations

"Decoupling capacitors are used to suppress high-frequency noise in power distribution networks. The inductance associated with a mounted decoupling capacitor can vary by 26% depending on characteristics of the printed circuit board. Here, simple and accurate inductance models of 2- and 8-terminal capacitors including connections to the power and return plane are developed. Circuit models of the capacitors and layout are created using the partial equivalent element circuit method which provide options for circuit-level simulations as well as analytic estimation of inductance. The circuit solution matches results from the full-wave simulation model within 9% for the 8-terminal capacitor and within ...


2x-Thru, 1x-Reflection, And Thru-Line De-Embedding: Theory, Sensitivity Analysis, And Error Corrections, Bichen Chen Jan 2019

2x-Thru, 1x-Reflection, And Thru-Line De-Embedding: Theory, Sensitivity Analysis, And Error Corrections, Bichen Chen

Doctoral Dissertations

"Due to the simplicity of design and measurement, as well as the accuracy of results, the 2X-Thru de-embedding (2XTD), 1X-Reflection de-embedding (1XRD), and Thru-Line de-embedding (TLD) have been replaced the traditional de-embedding algorithms, such as TRL and SOLT. In this dissertation, theory of 2n-port 2XTD, 1XRD, and TLD are completely derived first. The self-error reduction schemes is introduced to mitigate the de-embedding errors due to non-ideal manufacturing effects of non-zero mode conversion terms, as well as the asymmetric, and manufacturing variations. The validations are performed on both theory and self-error reduction through simulation and measurements cases. The 2X-Thru ...