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2000

Environmental Sciences

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Articles 1 - 21 of 21

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Oczyszczanie Gazów Odlotowych Ze Spalania Odpadów Niebezpiecznych, Robert Oleniacz Dec 2000

Oczyszczanie Gazów Odlotowych Ze Spalania Odpadów Niebezpiecznych, Robert Oleniacz

Robert Oleniacz

Flue gas cleaning system is a very important part of each hazardous waste incineration plant. Air pollutant emission limit values permissible for this process in Member States of the European Union are so rigorous that the installation designers there are forced to use very effective and of course expensive solutions. In the paper a review of methods and systems used to the treatment of flue gases from hazardous waste incineration is presented. This can be particularly useful in the face of the adaptation of existing waste incineration plant operating in Poland with European Union requirements.

English title: Cleaning of flue ...


Simulation Of Daily And Monthly Stream Discharge From Small Watersheds Using The Swat Model, Crystal A. Spruill, Stephen R. Workman, Joseph L. Taraba Nov 2000

Simulation Of Daily And Monthly Stream Discharge From Small Watersheds Using The Swat Model, Crystal A. Spruill, Stephen R. Workman, Joseph L. Taraba

Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering Faculty Publications

The Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) was evaluated and parameter sensitivities were determined while modeling daily streamflows in a small central Kentucky watershed over a two-year period. Streamflow data from 1996 were used to calibrate the model and streamflow data from 1995 were used for evaluation. The model adequately predicted the trends in daily streamflow during this period although Nash-Sutcliffe R2 values were –0.04 and 0.19 for 1995 and 1996, respectively. The model poorly predicted the timing of some peak flow values and recession rates during the last half of 1995. Excluding daily peak flow values ...


Alternative Principal Components Regression Procedures For Dendrohydrologic Reconstructions, Hugo G. Hidalgo, Thomas C. Piechota, John A. Dracup Nov 2000

Alternative Principal Components Regression Procedures For Dendrohydrologic Reconstructions, Hugo G. Hidalgo, Thomas C. Piechota, John A. Dracup

Civil & Environmental Engineering and Construction Faculty Publications

Streamflow reconstruction using tree ring information (dendrohydrology) has traditionally used principal components analysis (PCA) and stepwise regression to form a transfer function. However, PCA has several procedural choices that may result in very different reconstructions. This study assesses the different procedures in PCA-based regression and suggests alternative procedures for selection of variables and principal components. Cross-validation statistics are presented as an alternative for independently testing and identifying the optimal model. The objective is to use these statistics as a measure of the model's performance to find a conceptually acceptable model with a low prediction error and the fewest number ...


Ocena Zasięgu Istotnego Oddziaływania Emisji Zanieczyszczeń Z Huty Katowice Pod Kątem Likwidacji Strefy Ochronnej, Marian Mazur, Robert Oleniacz, Marek Bogacki Oct 2000

Ocena Zasięgu Istotnego Oddziaływania Emisji Zanieczyszczeń Z Huty Katowice Pod Kątem Likwidacji Strefy Ochronnej, Marian Mazur, Robert Oleniacz, Marek Bogacki

Robert Oleniacz

The paper presents the results of air quality impact assessment of Katowice Steelworks in Dąbrowa Górnicza (Poland) in the protective zone. On the basis of calculations, it was found that in terms of air pollution there is a reasonable possibility of complete elimination of existing protective zone around these industrial plants.

English title: Assessment of the extent of significant effects of pollutant emissions from the "Katowice" Steelworks in terms of liquidation of the environmental protection zone.


Wpływ Wprowadzenia Ciągłego Odlewania Stali Na Wielkość Emisji Zanieczyszczeń Z Huty Katowice, Marian Mazur, Marek Bogacki, Robert Oleniacz Oct 2000

Wpływ Wprowadzenia Ciągłego Odlewania Stali Na Wielkość Emisji Zanieczyszczeń Z Huty Katowice, Marian Mazur, Marek Bogacki, Robert Oleniacz

Robert Oleniacz

The paper presents the results of research carried out in 1999 in the Department of Continuous Casting of Steel (CCS) Machines in "Katowice" Steelworks in Dąbrowa Górnicza (Poland), whose main objective was the identification of emission sources of dust and gaseous pollutants, determination of emission factors and assessment of environmental effects associated with the operation of this technology. Particular attention was paid for assessing the impact of the introduction the CCS technology to reduce total emissions from "Katowice" Steelworks.

English title: Impact of the introduction of continuous casting of steel on pollutant emissions from "Katowice" Steelworks.


Bezpośrednie I Pośrednie Efekty Wprowadzenia Ciągłego Odlewania Stali W Bilansie Emisji Zanieczyszczeń Z Huty Żelaza, Marian Mazur, Marek Bogacki, Robert Oleniacz Sep 2000

Bezpośrednie I Pośrednie Efekty Wprowadzenia Ciągłego Odlewania Stali W Bilansie Emisji Zanieczyszczeń Z Huty Żelaza, Marian Mazur, Marek Bogacki, Robert Oleniacz

Robert Oleniacz

This paper presents a comprehensive analysis of the impact of continuous casting technology on emissions of air pollutants from "Katowice" Steelworks in Dąbrowa Górnicza (Poland). Sources of emissions occurring in the manufacturing process and emissions levels have been identified. Implementation of continuous casting of steel has increased the efficiency of production and brought substantial ecological effects.

English title: Direct and indirect effects of introduction of continuous casting of steel in the balance sheet of pollutant emissions from "Katowice" Steelworks.


Pesticide Waste Incineration In The Wet Process Cement Kiln, Marian Mazur, Robert Oleniacz, Marek Bogacki, Stanisław Słupek Jul 2000

Pesticide Waste Incineration In The Wet Process Cement Kiln, Marian Mazur, Robert Oleniacz, Marek Bogacki, Stanisław Słupek

Robert Oleniacz

The presentation discusses the problem of pesticide wastes in Poland that have been accumulated underground in concrete graveyards or bunkers. Their progressive unsealing poses a significant health risk to people due to groundwater, soil and air pollution. There are not many of professional hazardous waste incineration plants in Poland, therefore, the paper proposes the use of cement kiln for thermal treatment of such waste. Polish cement industry is interested in utilization of various wastes (e.g. in the capacity of alternative fuels) in the process connected with the cement clinker production in rotary kilns. High temperatures existing in cement kilns ...


Struktura Emisji Związków Fluoru Z Hutnictwa Żelaza Na Przykładzie Huty Katowice, Marian Mazur, Robert Oleniacz, Marek Bogacki Jun 2000

Struktura Emisji Związków Fluoru Z Hutnictwa Żelaza Na Przykładzie Huty Katowice, Marian Mazur, Robert Oleniacz, Marek Bogacki

Robert Oleniacz

As recently as a dozen or so years ago ferrous metallurgy was known as one of the biggest source of fluorine compound emissions to the atmosphere. Nevertheless production technology and raw material changes occurring in this industry cause continuous decreasing of their participation in the total fluorine emission. On the ground of investigations that have been carried out in the Katowice Steelworks (Poland) in the last few years, participation of particular technological processing in the water-soluble fluorine compound emissions (which are regarded as toxic) were presented in the paper, as well as a position of fuel combustion process (that take ...


Analiza Możliwości Likwidacji Stref Ochronnych Wokół Wybranych Zakładów Przemysłu Hutniczego I Koksochemicznego, Marian Mazur, Robert Oleniacz, Marek Bogacki Jun 2000

Analiza Możliwości Likwidacji Stref Ochronnych Wokół Wybranych Zakładów Przemysłu Hutniczego I Koksochemicznego, Marian Mazur, Robert Oleniacz, Marek Bogacki

Robert Oleniacz

Polish industrial plants with protective zones delimited in the past, have been faced with the necessity to liquidation of these zones before 2005. At the same time the plants must not cause any harmful influence over environment outside the area which they have title deed to. Determination of the current range of this impact is very important due to the high costs of a possible purchase of land exposed to the harmful effects. The study analyzes the possibility of verifying the course of borders two existing protective zones: around Katowice Steelworks and Coking Plant "Przyjaźń" in Dąbrowa Górnicza (the first ...


Technologia Ciągłego Odlewania Stali I Jej Wpływ Na Ograniczenie Emisji Zanieczyszczeń Z Procesów Hutniczych, Marian Mazur, Marek Bogacki, Robert Oleniacz, Agnieszka Łopata, Anita Niedojadło Jun 2000

Technologia Ciągłego Odlewania Stali I Jej Wpływ Na Ograniczenie Emisji Zanieczyszczeń Z Procesów Hutniczych, Marian Mazur, Marek Bogacki, Robert Oleniacz, Agnieszka Łopata, Anita Niedojadło

Robert Oleniacz

The paper presents a comprehensive analysis of the impact of continuous casting of steel technology on air pollutant emissions in one of the Polish steelworks - Huta Katowice S.A. in Dąbrowa Górnicza. Emission sources occurring in the production process and the levels of pollutant emissions into the air were described. Implementation of continuous casting of steel brought significant changes in the production cycle in steelworks and caused an increase in the efficiency of manufacture of products. Calculated environmental effects showed a significant reduction of all pollutant emissions in the whole plant.

English title: Technology of continuous casting of steel and ...


Spopielanie Odpadów Medycznych W Systemie Purotherm-Pyrolise – Zmienność Składu Spalin I Emisji Zanieczyszczeń W Cyklu Załadowczym, Robert Oleniacz, Marian Mazur, Marek Bogacki Jun 2000

Spopielanie Odpadów Medycznych W Systemie Purotherm-Pyrolise – Zmienność Składu Spalin I Emisji Zanieczyszczeń W Cyklu Załadowczym, Robert Oleniacz, Marian Mazur, Marek Bogacki

Robert Oleniacz

The paper presents selected effects of the cyclical nature of the two-stage process of medical waste incineration on the variation of concentrations of basic constituents and selected gaseous pollutants (NOx, CO, SO2, H2S and HCl) in flue gas discharged from the process. The study included the installation working in the Purotherm-Pyrolise system (waste gasification and gas afterburning) with actual yields of 100-150 kg/h. The phases of the process varied in dynamic and direction changes of the flue-gas composition and the levels of air pollutant emissions were separated and described for these phases. They can be very important for the ...


Environmental Guidelines For New And Existing Piggeries, A Latto, John Noonan, R. J. Taylor Jun 2000

Environmental Guidelines For New And Existing Piggeries, A Latto, John Noonan, R. J. Taylor

Bulletins 4000 -

These guidelines apply to the management of Western Australia piggeries in Western Australia, including intensive Growing pigs under intensive conditions where the and extensive operations, straw-based housing and animals spend their entire life cycle indoors, is an combinations of these (otherwise referred to as semi- important part of the Western Australian and intensive housing).


Evaluation Of Epic For Three Minnesota Cropping Systems, S. W. Chung, Philip W. Gassman, D. R. Huggins, G. W. Randall Mar 2000

Evaluation Of Epic For Three Minnesota Cropping Systems, S. W. Chung, Philip W. Gassman, D. R. Huggins, G. W. Randall

CARD Working Papers

The Erosion Productivity Impact Calculator (EPIC) model was tested using four years of field data collected at a site near Lamberton, Minnesota, under three different crop rotations: continuous corn (Zea mays L.) or CC, soybean (Glycine max L.)-corn (SC), continuous alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) or CA. The model was evaluated by comparing measured versus predicted subsurface drainage flow (tile flow), nitratenitrogen (NO3-N) loss in tile flow, residual NO3-N in the soil profile, crop N uptake, and yield. Initially, EPIC was run using standard Soil Conservation Service (SCS) runoff curve numbers (CN2) suggested for the soil type at the site ...


Dynamic Fluvial Systems And Gravel Progradation In The Himalayan Foreland, Nicholas Brozovic, Douglas W. Burbank Mar 2000

Dynamic Fluvial Systems And Gravel Progradation In The Himalayan Foreland, Nicholas Brozovic, Douglas W. Burbank

Daugherty Water for Food Global Institute: Faculty Publications

Although the large-scale stratigraphy of many terrestrial foreland basins is punctuated by major episodes of gravel progradation, the relationships of such facies to hinterland tectonism and climate change are often unclear. Structural reentrants provide windows into older and more proximal parts of the foreland than are usually exposed, and thus provide key insights to earlier phases of foreland evolution. Our magnetostratigraphic studies show that, although the major lithofacies preserved within the Himachal Pradesh structural reentrant in northwestern India resemble Neogene facies in Pakistan, they have a much greater temporal and spatial variability. From 11.5 to 7 Ma, major facies ...


Field And Laboratory Investigations Of Solute Transport Through Soil , Francis Xavier Mckeon Casey Jan 2000

Field And Laboratory Investigations Of Solute Transport Through Soil , Francis Xavier Mckeon Casey

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two single tracer methods (basic and variance) and one multiple tracer method were developed to simultaneously estimate soil hydraulic properties and mobile/immobile solute transport parameters in situ. In this study, immobile water contents (thetaim) and mass exchange coefficients (alpha) were estimated with the multiple tracer method and the single tracer methods on the same five field sites. The theta im values estimated by the basic single tracer method were consistently lower than the multiple tracer method values. This was attributed to the assumption that alpha = 0 for the basic single tracer method. Furthermore, alpha values estimated by multiple tracer ...


Transient Stability Assessment And Decision-Making Using Risk , Vincent Eric A. Van Acker Jan 2000

Transient Stability Assessment And Decision-Making Using Risk , Vincent Eric A. Van Acker

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Since the recent chances in the electric power industry towards deregulation, the task of the power system operators has become more critical and challenging. The systems are being operated with smaller security margins while the building of new infrastructure is facing an increasing number of economic and environmental obstacles. For these reasons, there is a need for a tool that assists the operator in accurately assessing risk of several types of insecurities. In this dissertation, a methodology is presented to measure the risk of the transient instability. This risk index combines both the probability and impact of transient instability. The ...


Robustness Analysis And Controller Design For Static Var Compensators In Power Systems , Xuechun Yu Jan 2000

Robustness Analysis And Controller Design For Static Var Compensators In Power Systems , Xuechun Yu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In the North American electric power interconnection, control systems play a prominent role in the stabilization and reliable operation of the system. With the advent of competition and deregulation, systems are being operated closer than ever to the limits. This setting necessitates a systematic procedure to analyze and design controls in power systems which demonstrate good performance for a range of operating conditions;The current industry practice for the analysis and design of controls consists of conventional linear analysis tools coupled with detailed nonlinear simulation of the designed controls. This approach is time consuming and does not guarantee robustness;In ...


Analyzing Dynamic Performance Of Power Systems Over Parameter Space Using The Method Of Normal Forms Of Vector Fields , Songzhe Zhu Jan 2000

Analyzing Dynamic Performance Of Power Systems Over Parameter Space Using The Method Of Normal Forms Of Vector Fields , Songzhe Zhu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Today's power systems have become more and more stressed due to the high utilization of available facilities. The complex dynamic behavior of large stressed power systems following disturbances can not be fully explained with present tools, such as linear eigen-analysis tools and nonlinear time-domain simulation methods. This research work applies a nonlinear analytical tool, the method of normal forms of vector fields, to help understand the complex transient oscillations in stressed power systems;The method of normal forms is a well-known mathematical tool to study systems of differential equations. The basic idea is to simplify the dynamical system by ...


Effects Of Liquid Swine Manure Placement And Rate On Phosphorus Loss With Runoff Water , Hadi Tabbara Jan 2000

Effects Of Liquid Swine Manure Placement And Rate On Phosphorus Loss With Runoff Water , Hadi Tabbara

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There is an increasing concern on the use of nitrogen (N) based manure application rate for corn production and its impact on soil phosphorus (P) buildup and the potential to release P to the environment. Therefore a field study was conducted to evaluate the effects of manure application rate and method of application on soil erosion and P loss with runoff water and sediment. Simulated rainfall was applied to 24 runoff plots to study two variables in triplicate. The first variable was application rate: liquid swine manure was applied at N recommended rate and twice the rate, and inorganic liquid ...


Prediction Of No3-N Losses With Subsurface Drainage Water From Manured And Uan-Fertilized Plots Using Gleams, Allah Bakhsh, Rameshwar S. Kanwar, Dan B. Jaynes, Thomas S. Colvin, Lajpat R. Ahuja Jan 2000

Prediction Of No3-N Losses With Subsurface Drainage Water From Manured And Uan-Fertilized Plots Using Gleams, Allah Bakhsh, Rameshwar S. Kanwar, Dan B. Jaynes, Thomas S. Colvin, Lajpat R. Ahuja

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Excessive application of swine manure to a field over long durations can increase nitrate-nitrogen (NO 3 -N) leaching as a result of accumulation of more nutrients in the root zone than the subsequent crops may need. The objective of this study was to use the GLEAMS (V.2.1) model to compare measured versus simulated effects of swine manure application with urea-ammonium-nitrate (UAN) on subsurface drain water quality from beneath long-term corn (Zea mays L.) and soybean (Glycine max L.) plots. Four years (1993-1996) of field data from an Iowa site were used for model calibration and validation. The SCS ...


Soil Gas Transport Above A Jet Fuel/Solvent Spill At Plattsburgh Air Force Base, David Ostendorf, Alan J. Lutenegger, Shawn P. Kelley, Erich S. Hinlein Dec 1999

Soil Gas Transport Above A Jet Fuel/Solvent Spill At Plattsburgh Air Force Base, David Ostendorf, Alan J. Lutenegger, Shawn P. Kelley, Erich S. Hinlein

David Ostendorf

We calibrate a stoichiometrically coupled soil gas diffusion model with spatially resolved observations of oxygen, carbon dioxide, total hydrocarbon, and trichloroethylene vapor concentrations in the unsaturated zone above a weathered jet fuel/solvent spill at Plattsburgh Air Force Base in upstate New York. The calibration suggests that aerobic microorganisms in the capillary fringe degrade jet fuel vapor at a steady rate of 9.5 μg hydrocarbons (m−2 s−1). The solvent does not degrade in the fringe, however, and the model and data estimate a steady evaporation rate of 1.2×10−2 μg TCE (m−2 s−1 ...