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2000

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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Oczyszczanie Gazów Odlotowych Ze Spalania Odpadów Niebezpiecznych, Robert Oleniacz Dec 2000

Oczyszczanie Gazów Odlotowych Ze Spalania Odpadów Niebezpiecznych, Robert Oleniacz

Robert Oleniacz

Flue gas cleaning system is a very important part of each hazardous waste incineration plant. Air pollutant emission limit values permissible for this process in Member States of the European Union are so rigorous that the installation designers there are forced to use very effective and of course expensive solutions. In the paper a review of methods and systems used to the treatment of flue gases from hazardous waste incineration is presented. This can be particularly useful in the face of the adaptation of existing waste incineration plant operating in Poland with European Union requirements.

English title: Cleaning of flue ...


The Electrostatic Interaction Of Charged, Dust-Particle Pairs In Plasmas, M. E. Markes, P. F. Williams Dec 2000

The Electrostatic Interaction Of Charged, Dust-Particle Pairs In Plasmas, M. E. Markes, P. F. Williams

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

We report the results of a study of the electrostatic interaction between negatively charged particles in a plasma. The goal of the study was to investigate the possibility of an attractive interaction which would make possible the formation of “molecules” of particles. For all approximations relating the positive ion density to the local electrostatic potential that we examined, we find that the interaction is repulsive for all particle separations.


A Simulation-Based Heuristic For Fleet Assignment, Sonia Rosario Anorga Dec 2000

A Simulation-Based Heuristic For Fleet Assignment, Sonia Rosario Anorga

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Integer programming, simulation, and rules of thumb have been integrated to develop a simulation-based heuristic for short-term assignment of fleet in the car rental industry. It generates a plan for car movements, and a set of booking limits to produce high revenue for a given planning horizon.

Three different scenarios were used to validate the heuristic. The heuristic's mean revenue was significant higher than the historical ones, in all three scenarios. Time to run the heuristic for each experiment was within the time limits of three hours set for the decision making process even though it is not fully ...


Chemical And Dynamical Speciation Of Mobile Ions In The Glassy Fast Ionic Conductor Ag2s+B2s3+Sis2: A 109ag Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Study, Tomoko Akai, Steve W. Martin, Ferdinando Borsa Dec 2000

Chemical And Dynamical Speciation Of Mobile Ions In The Glassy Fast Ionic Conductor Ag2s+B2s3+Sis2: A 109ag Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Study, Tomoko Akai, Steve W. Martin, Ferdinando Borsa

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

109Ag NMR in the highly conductive glass 0.525Ag2S+0.475(0.5B2S3+0.5SiS2) was investigated from 230 to 433 K. The 109Ag NMR spectra reveal for the first time three well resolved lines corresponding to three kinds of chemically speciated Ag ions in sites with different chemical shifts in a macroscopically homogeneous glass. This chemical speciation of Ag ions is discussed in relation to the microstructure of the glass. As the temperature is increased, the three lines that originate from three different species of ions are narrowed, but these lines exist independently up to 433 K, the highest ...


Evaluation Of Kentucky's Graduated Driver Licensing System, Kenneth R. Agent, Jerry G. Pigman, Lorena C. Steenbergen, Susan H. Pollack, Pamela S. Kidd, Caroline Mccoy Dec 2000

Evaluation Of Kentucky's Graduated Driver Licensing System, Kenneth R. Agent, Jerry G. Pigman, Lorena C. Steenbergen, Susan H. Pollack, Pamela S. Kidd, Caroline Mccoy

Kentucky Transportation Center Research Report

Kentucky's current GDL program, which applies to drivers up to age 18, was enacted in 1996. The program includes a six-month instruction permit for drivers under age 18 (minimum age 16), a restriction on driving between midnight and 6am and a requirement for adult-supervised driving for permit drivers. In addition, there is a six-point limit on traffic violations with a penalty of license suspension for drivers under age 18, a requirement for a four-hour driving safety education class (or driver education course) and a 0.02 ml/dl limit on blood alcohol concentration (continues up to age 21 ).

Objectives ...


A Web-Based Interface For Storing And Executing Simulation Models, Paul Savory Dec 2000

A Web-Based Interface For Storing And Executing Simulation Models, Paul Savory

Industrial and Management Systems Engineering Faculty Publications

The dominance of the Internet in the development of information and communication technology has made Web-based distributed solutions increasingly attractive. Apart from providing other services, the World Wide Web is being looked upon as an environment for hosting modeling and simulation applications. SIMAN is a simulation language that allows users to simulate discrete and continuous systems. In this research, a web-based interface or toolkit has been developed for storing and executing SIMAN simulation models over the Internet. This toolkit consists of a World Wide Web interface to SIMAN and a web-accessible database for storing user models. It provides users an ...


Thermionic Cooling Of Optoelectronic And Microelectronic Devices, S. P. Lee, B. C. Lough, R. A. Lewis, C. Zhang Dec 2000

Thermionic Cooling Of Optoelectronic And Microelectronic Devices, S. P. Lee, B. C. Lough, R. A. Lewis, C. Zhang

Faculty of Engineering - Papers (Archive)

Solid-state thermionic cooling has gained attention recently because of its potential high cooling power. Thermionic devices based on semiconductor heterostructures utilize the band-edge offset at a heterojunction as the thermionic emission potential barrier and a thin layer to separate the cold and hot junction. In this paper, we present the behavior of thermionic coolers with periodic barriers using gallium arsenide/aluminium gallium arsenide (GaAs/Al/sub x/Ga/sub 1-x/As) semiconductor heterostructures. The exact numerical calculation to model the device performance has shown that the thermal efficiency in a multilayer structure is optimised when the effect of phonon scattering ...


High-Quality P-N Junctions With Quaternary Alingan/Ingan Quantum Wells, A. Chitnis, A. Kumar, M. Shatalov, V. Adivarahan, A. Lunev, J. W. Yang, Grigory Simin, M. Asif Khan, R. Gaska, M. Shur Dec 2000

High-Quality P-N Junctions With Quaternary Alingan/Ingan Quantum Wells, A. Chitnis, A. Kumar, M. Shatalov, V. Adivarahan, A. Lunev, J. W. Yang, Grigory Simin, M. Asif Khan, R. Gaska, M. Shur

Faculty Publications

We report on quaternary AlInGaN/InGaN multiple quantum well(MQW)light emitting diode structures grown on sapphire substrates. The structures demonstrate high quality of the p–njunctions with quaternary MQW. At low forward bias (below 2 V), the temperature dependent of current–voltage characteristics are exponential with the ideality factor of 2.28, which is in a good agreement with the model of the injected carrier recombination in the space charge region. This ideality factor value is approximately three times lower than for conventional GaN/InGaN light emitting diodes(LEDs). The obtained data indicate the recombination in p–njunction space ...


Quality Of The 2000 Soybean Crop In The United States, Charles R. Hurburgh Jr. Dec 2000

Quality Of The 2000 Soybean Crop In The United States, Charles R. Hurburgh Jr.

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Technical Reports and White Papers

Quality, as measured in several ways, is of increasing importance to soybean markets. Since 1972, customers have reported differences in protein and oil contents among soybeans of different origins (Hurburgh, et al., 1990). Geographic differences in composition are primarily caused by weather and environmental factors. In recent years, soybean component variations have been studied extensively (Westgate, et al., 1999). From a customer perspective, monitoring of crop quality on an annual basis is important to estimate outputs and value.


Environmental Management Of Wastes In The Semiconductor And Electronics Industries, Samuel A. Vigil Dec 2000

Environmental Management Of Wastes In The Semiconductor And Electronics Industries, Samuel A. Vigil

Civil and Environmental Engineering

The management of wastes in the semiconductor and electronics industries requires a multidisciplinary approach that considers the health and safety of employees as well as the treatment and recycling of waste materials. The manufacturing of semiconductor devices requires the use of many toxic chemicals and gases. Air emissions from manufacturing tools must be carefully monitored both inside and outside of the fabrication facility. Liquid effluents must be collected and pretreated before discharge to local wastewater systems. The subsequent use and eventual discard of electronic devices such as television sets and personal computers by consumers has created a new set of ...


5. Burton Carl Anderson, Otto Vogl Dec 2000

5. Burton Carl Anderson, Otto Vogl

Emeritus Faculty Author Gallery

No abstract provided.


The Role Of Intelligent Transportation Systems (Its) In Intermodal Air Cargo Operations, H.-S. Jacob Tsao, Asim Rizwan Dec 2000

The Role Of Intelligent Transportation Systems (Its) In Intermodal Air Cargo Operations, H.-S. Jacob Tsao, Asim Rizwan

Faculty Publications

If California were a nation, it would be the sixth largest economy in the world. Efficient goods movement is crucial to California’s economy. Air freight consists predominantly of high-value, time-sensitive or time-definite goods, e.g., electronic equipment, emergency shipments, overnight packages, etc. Timely delivery of air freight has been an important element of many manufacturing and service operations in California. Therefore, the air cargo industry is a vital part of the state’s economy. The objectives of this research include (a) investigating and suggesting how the public sector in California can assist the air cargo industry in providing efficient ...


Solitary Waves And Supersonic Reaction Front In Metastable Solids, Hendrik J. Viljoen, Lee L. Lauderback, D. Sornette Dec 2000

Solitary Waves And Supersonic Reaction Front In Metastable Solids, Hendrik J. Viljoen, Lee L. Lauderback, D. Sornette

Hendrik J. Viljoen Publications

Motivated by an increasing number of remarkable experimental observations on the role of pressure and shear stress in solid reactions, explosions and detonations, we present a simple toy model that embodies nonlinear elasticity and dispersion as well as chemical or phase transformation. This generalization of the Toda Lattice provides an effective model for the description of the organization during an abrupt transformation in a solid. One of the challenges is to capture both the equilibrium degrees of freedom as well as to quantify the possible role of out-of-equilibrium perturbations. In the Toda Lattice, we verify that the particle velocities converge ...


Acuta Enews December 2000, Vol. 29, No. 12 Dec 2000

Acuta Enews December 2000, Vol. 29, No. 12

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

UConn Wins in Court

ACUTA EVENTS

Spotlight on Volunteers

DC Update

Board Report

Higher Education and Truth-in-Billing

Web Site Recognition

Welcome New Members

Positions Available


Performance Comparison Of A Roundabout Versus Two-Way Stop Controlled (Twsc) Intersections, Deogratias Eustace Dec 2000

Performance Comparison Of A Roundabout Versus Two-Way Stop Controlled (Twsc) Intersections, Deogratias Eustace

Civil and Environmental Engineering and Engineering Mechanics Faculty Publications

The superior safety record of modern roundabouts is well known in Western Europe, Australia and in most British-influenced countries around the world. The experience from a single modern roundabout installed in the City of Manhattan, Kansas, some three years ago, also shares the same experience. A major study of the performance of Manhattan, Kansas, modern roundabout was conducted at Kansas State University (KSU) and was co-sponsored by Mac-Blackwell National Rural Transportation Study Center, Kansas State University, and the City of Manhattan. The study examined three intersections, one modern roundabout and two Two-Way Stop Controlled (TWSC) intersections with similar traffic conditions ...


Effect Of Gate Leakage Current On Noise Properties Of Algan/Gan Field Effect Transistors, S. L. Rumyantsev, N. Pala, M. S. Shur, R. Gaska, M. E. Levinshtein, M. Asif Khan, Grigory Simin, X. Hu, J. Yang Dec 2000

Effect Of Gate Leakage Current On Noise Properties Of Algan/Gan Field Effect Transistors, S. L. Rumyantsev, N. Pala, M. S. Shur, R. Gaska, M. E. Levinshtein, M. Asif Khan, Grigory Simin, X. Hu, J. Yang

Faculty Publications

The effect of the gate leakage current fluctuations on noiseproperties of AlGaN/GaN heterostructurefield effect transistors(HFETs) has been studied in conventional HFET structures and in AlGaN/GaN metal-oxide-semiconductorheterostructurefield effect transistors (MOS-HFETs). The comparison of the noiseproperties of conventional AlGaN/GaN HFETs and AlGaN/GaN MOS-HFETs fabricated on the same wafer, allowed us to estimate the contribution of the gate currentnoise to the HFET’s output noise. The effect of the gate current fluctuations on output noiseproperties of HFETs depends on the level of noise in the AlGaN/GaN HFETs. For the transistors with a relatively high magnitude of the ...


A Web-Based Interface For Storing And Executing Simulation Model, Ashu Guru, Paul Savory, Robert Williams Dec 2000

A Web-Based Interface For Storing And Executing Simulation Model, Ashu Guru, Paul Savory, Robert Williams

Industrial and Management Systems Engineering Faculty Publications

The dominance of the Internet in the development ofinformation and communication technology has madeWeb-based distributed solutions increasingly attractive.Apart from providing other services, the World Wide Webis being looked upon as an environment for hostingmodeling and simulation applications. SIMAN is asimulation language that allows users to simulate discreteand continuous systems. In this research, a web-basedinterface or toolkit has been developed for storing andexecuting SIMAN simulation models over the Internet.This toolkit consists of a World Wide Web interface toSIMAN and a web-accessible database for storing usermodels. It provides users an easy-to-use environment fordeveloping text-based simulation models using the SIMANsimulation language ...


Combined Loading Of Composite Box-Beams With Linearized Differential Equations Of Motion, Michael Alan Dupuis Dec 2000

Combined Loading Of Composite Box-Beams With Linearized Differential Equations Of Motion, Michael Alan Dupuis

Theses - Daytona Beach

The purpose of the following analysis is to develop a method for determining vertical, horizontal, and torsional displacements of arbitrarily laminated, cantilevered composite box-beam under static, transverse loading. Small deflections are assumed and the differential equations of motion have been linearized for ease of calculation. The Smith and Chopra stiffness matrix is used in the equations of motion, and software was written to solve for the stiffness matrix elements. Comparisons are made with bending slope solutions from previously published results, and the presented analysis is compared to empirical results of a composite box-beam under tip loading. Finally, an example solution ...


Time-Varying System Identification Using Modulating Functions And Spline Models With Application To Bio-Processes, Sridhar Ungarala, Tomas B. Co Dec 2000

Time-Varying System Identification Using Modulating Functions And Spline Models With Application To Bio-Processes, Sridhar Ungarala, Tomas B. Co

Chemical & Biomedical Engineering Faculty Publications

Time dependent parameters are frequently encountered in many real processes which need to be monitored for process modeling, control and supervision purposes. Modulating functions methods are especially suitable for this task because they use the original continuous-time differential equations and avoid differentiation of noisy signals. Among the many versions of the method available, Pearson–Lee method offers a computationally efficient alternative. In this paper, Pearson–Lee method is generalized for non-stationary continuous-time systems and the on-line version is developed. The time dependent parameters are modeled as polynomial splines inside a moving data window and recursion formulae using shifting ...


An Atm System Model And Wireless Channel Simulation, Karen Dunne Dec 2000

An Atm System Model And Wireless Channel Simulation, Karen Dunne

Masters

Congestion in the low frequency regions of the electromagnetic spectrum and demand for support of high bandwidth applications has prompted widespread investigations into networking technologies and communications media. Traditional networking technologies such as Ethernet that are not capable of adequately supporting high bandwidth applications (e.g. videoconferencing) are being replaced by high speed, high bandwidth technologies such as Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM). In the communications media market, wireless systems are becoming ubiquitous due to their ease of installation and maintenance costs. In this research, the networking technology of interest is ATM. ATM used a cell switching architecture that allows seamless ...


Planter Clean-Out Tips When Changing Seed Varieties, H. Mark Hanna, Wally Greenlees Dec 2000

Planter Clean-Out Tips When Changing Seed Varieties, H. Mark Hanna, Wally Greenlees

Agriculture and Environment Extension Publications

Information to help you manage identity-preserved grain.


Itanium's New Basic Operation Of Fused Multiply-Add: Theoretical Explanation And Theoretical Challenge, Vladik Kreinovich Dec 2000

Itanium's New Basic Operation Of Fused Multiply-Add: Theoretical Explanation And Theoretical Challenge, Vladik Kreinovich

Departmental Technical Reports (CS)

A new Intel's 64-bit chip Itanium has a new instruction set which includes a fused multiply-add instruction x1+x2*x3. In this short article, we explain the empirical reasons behind the choice of this instruction, give possible theoretical explanation for this choice, and mention a related theoretical challenge.


Residual Stress And Wear Resistance Of Composite Coatings Of Nickel/Gamma-Alumina, Khaled Abdulrahman Al-Ogab Dec 2000

Residual Stress And Wear Resistance Of Composite Coatings Of Nickel/Gamma-Alumina, Khaled Abdulrahman Al-Ogab

Master's Theses

Nickel reinforced with nanoparticles of γ−Al2O3 have been successfully codeposited on 2024-T3 cold rolled aluminum alloy by electrodeposition with direct current. The effects of current density, particle concentration in the nickel sulfamate bath, air agitation, and coating time on Ni/γ−Al2O3 composite have been investigated. The residual stresses and wear resistance of the Ni/γ−Al2O3 composite have been measured using X-ray diffractometer and pin-on-disk techniques respectively. The residual stress and wear resistance behavior of the composite were compared with those of nickel-only deposits. An annealed ground nickel, which ...


Small Below-Endurance-Limit Cycle Damage Contributions In Variable Sequence Loading For 2024-T351 Aluminum Alloy, Christopher M. Ngiau Dec 2000

Small Below-Endurance-Limit Cycle Damage Contributions In Variable Sequence Loading For 2024-T351 Aluminum Alloy, Christopher M. Ngiau

Master's Theses

It is a common practice in industry today to totally discard the presence of small below-endurance/fatigue limit cycles while calculating damage accumulation using the Palmgren-Miner rule. However, it was experimentally found in a number of studies that small cycles with stress amplitudes below the fatigue/endurance limit do in fact contribute significantly to the damage accumulation in all types of materials. There was a need to investigate cases where small cycles would only be present for a certain percentage of the material's life. An experimental study was done on 2024- T351 aluminum alloy. Loading was done in low ...


Prediction Of Airfoil Stall In Icing Conditions Using Wing Surface Pressures, Erik Pederson Dec 2000

Prediction Of Airfoil Stall In Icing Conditions Using Wing Surface Pressures, Erik Pederson

Master's Theses

This thesis presents work on a Normalized Lift Coefficient instrumentation system that predicts airfoil stall in icing conditions. The system uses four surface pressures, measured aft of the ice formation, from which the aircraft's normalized lift coefficient is determined. The pressure port locations were selected such that the calibration algorithm remains nearly constant as the leading edge ice shape and thickness change. Data collected in the Western Michigan University Wind Tunnel is presented for three ice formations varying in both shape and thickness. The ice and no ice conditions were compared and a set of four ports was found ...


Texture And Young’S Modulus Of Nickel/Gamma-Alumina Composites, Abdulaziz Alamr Dec 2000

Texture And Young’S Modulus Of Nickel/Gamma-Alumina Composites, Abdulaziz Alamr

Master's Theses

To improve Young's modulus of 2024-T3 rolled aluminum specimens, it was electroplated with nickel reinforced with nano-particles of γAl2O3. Taguchi method was used to investigate the effect of coating variables, which were current density, coating time, and mixing rate, on the coating thickness. The coatings were tested for crystallographic texture, using pole figures of (200) and (111) for nickel and (400) for γAl2O3. Surface topography was measured using WYKO Vertical Interference Microscope. The crystallographic texture of nickel in the coating depended on the coating conditions. A universal testing machine was- used to measure ...


Advances In Deformation Processed Gold Composites, Vladimir Gantovnik, Alan M. Russell, L. Scott Chumbley, Kageeporn Wongpreedee, Dennis Field Dec 2000

Advances In Deformation Processed Gold Composites, Vladimir Gantovnik, Alan M. Russell, L. Scott Chumbley, Kageeporn Wongpreedee, Dennis Field

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

Conventional metallic composites are comprised of a metal matrix with a ceramic second phase. In recent years, composites have been developed in which both the matrix and the reinforcing phase are ductile metals. In 1998 a 90 vol%Au – 10 vol% Ag metal-metal composite wire was produced and found to possess both high tensile strength (550 MPa) and low electrical resistivity (2.56 m ohm-cm). In that composite, the silver reinforcing phase consisted of sub-micron diameter filaments parallel to the wire axis. This article describes the microstructures, mechanical properties, and electrical resistivity of three gold matrix composites in which the ...


Corrosion Of Galvanized Fasteners: Appendix, Steel Framing Alliance Dec 2000

Corrosion Of Galvanized Fasteners: Appendix, Steel Framing Alliance

AISI-Specifications for the Design of Cold-Formed Steel Structural Members

No abstract provided.


Electronic Structure Of Quasicrystalline Surfaces: Effects Of Surface Preparation And Bulk Structure, V. Fournée, P. J. Pinhero, J. W. Anderegg, Thomas A. Lograsso, A. R. Ross, Paul C. Canfield, I. R. Fisher, Patricia A. Thiel Dec 2000

Electronic Structure Of Quasicrystalline Surfaces: Effects Of Surface Preparation And Bulk Structure, V. Fournée, P. J. Pinhero, J. W. Anderegg, Thomas A. Lograsso, A. R. Ross, Paul C. Canfield, I. R. Fisher, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

We elucidate the nature of the surface electronic properties of quasicrystalline Al-Pd-Mn. We do this by using photoelectron and Auger electron spectroscopies, and by making a variety of comparisons—across types of bulk samples, and across methods of surface preparation. The main conclusions are these: (i) The narrow Mn 2p3/2core-level line observed in the icosahedral phase is a fingerprint of a suppression in the density of states (a pseudogap) at the Fermi level and is not unique to the quasicrystalline phase. It is also independent of the symmetry of the quasicrystalline surface. The Auger line shape is ...


5. Burton Carl Anderson, Otto Vogl Dec 2000

5. Burton Carl Anderson, Otto Vogl

Otto Vogl

No abstract provided.