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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Kinetics Of Laser Chemical Vapor Deposition Of Carbon And Refractory Metals, Feng Gao Apr 2000

Kinetics Of Laser Chemical Vapor Deposition Of Carbon And Refractory Metals, Feng Gao

Doctoral Dissertations

Three-dimensional laser chemical vapor deposition (3D-LCVD) has been used to grow rods of carbon, tungsten, titanium, and hafnium from a variety of hydrocarbons and metal halide-based precursors. A novel computerized 3D-LCVD system was designed and successfully used in the experiments. A focused Nd:Yag laser beam (λ = 1.06 μm) was utilized to locally heat up a substrate to deposition temperature. The rods, which grew along the axis of the laser beam, had a typical diameter of 30–80 μm and a length of about 1 mm. The precursors for carbon deposition were the alkynes: propyne, butyne, pentyne, hexyne, and ...


A Hybrid Finite Element-Finite Difference Method For Thermal Analysis In A Double-Layered Thin Film, Teng Zhu Apr 2000

A Hybrid Finite Element-Finite Difference Method For Thermal Analysis In A Double-Layered Thin Film, Teng Zhu

Doctoral Dissertations

Thin film technology is of vital importance in microtechnology applications. For instance, thin films of metals, of dielectrics such as SiO2, or Si semiconductors are important components of microelectronic devices. The reduction of the device size to the microscale has the advantage of enhancing the switching speed of the device. The reduction, on the other hand, increases the rate of heat generation that leads to a high thermal load on the microdevice. Heat transfer at the microscale with an ultrafast pulsed-laser is also a very important process for thin films. Hence, studying the thermal behavior of thin films or of ...


Orthogonal Grid Generation, Non-Reflecting Boundary Condition, And Parallel Computation For Fluid Flow, Shaopeng Sun Apr 2000

Orthogonal Grid Generation, Non-Reflecting Boundary Condition, And Parallel Computation For Fluid Flow, Shaopeng Sun

Doctoral Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to investigate one of the most interesting areas in computational fluid dynamics. The content of this paper is divided into three parts. The first part is the orthogonal grid generation. The second part is the non-reflecting boundary condition in curvilinear coordinates. The third part is parallel computation by Message Passing Interface.

The grid generation method is presented by solving elliptic partial difference equations. The elliptic grid generation method is based on the use of composite mapping, which consists of a non-linear algebraic transformation and an elliptic transformation. The elliptic transformation is based on the ...