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2015

University of Pennsylvania

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Articles 1 - 30 of 71

Full-Text Articles in Education

Investing In Learning Outcomes: Findings From An Independent Evaluation Of The Russia Education Aid For Development (Read) Trust Fund Program, Alan Ruby, Daniel C. Kent Dec 2015

Investing In Learning Outcomes: Findings From An Independent Evaluation Of The Russia Education Aid For Development (Read) Trust Fund Program, Alan Ruby, Daniel C. Kent

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Are There Metrics For Moocs From Social Media?, Alan Ruby, Laura W. Perna, Robert Boruch, Nicole Wang Dec 2015

Are There Metrics For Moocs From Social Media?, Alan Ruby, Laura W. Perna, Robert Boruch, Nicole Wang

GSE Publications

Since "the year of the MOOC" in 2012, the effectiveness of massive open online course (MOOCs) has been widely debated. Some argue that MOOCs are not an effective mode of instructional delivery because of low completion rates. In the interest of developing alternative indicators of performance this study draws from recent efforts to measure engagement in social media, as well as from research on indicators of student engagement in traditional college courses. Using data from 16 Coursera MOOCs offered by the University of Pennsylvania we calculate standardized access rates for lectures and assessments. While these indicators have clear limitations as ...


Pilot Your Life Decisively For Well-Being And Flourishing, David P. St. George Nov 2015

Pilot Your Life Decisively For Well-Being And Flourishing, David P. St. George

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

I have been a pilot, aviation instructor and FAA Pilot Examiner for over 40 years. Aviation requires a “pilot in command” mindset consistent with the tenets of positive psychology. This paper explains and advocates for this daily empowered, adaptive decision making process used by pilots in aviation as a necessary life skill to eliminate mind wandering and disengagement and optimize human performance consistent with the goals of positive psychology. Exploring the concepts of “pilot-in-command” (decisive control and self-efficacy) and “situational awareness” (alert mental functioning) I will offer techniques and suggestions for developing and deploying these critical skills in everyday life ...


Maternal Bargaining Power, Parental Compensation And Non-Cognitive Skills In Rural China, Jessica Leight, Elaine Liu Nov 2015

Maternal Bargaining Power, Parental Compensation And Non-Cognitive Skills In Rural China, Jessica Leight, Elaine Liu

Gansu Survey of Children and Families Papers

The importance of non-cognitive skills in determining long-term human capital and labor market outcomes is widely acknowledged, but relatively little is known about how non-cognitive skills may shape educational investments by parents early in life. This paper evaluates the parental response to variation in non-cognitive skills among their children in rural Gansu province, China, employing a household fixed effects specification. The results suggest that on average, parents invest no more in terms of educational expenditure in children who have better non-cognitive skills relative to their siblings. However, there is significant heterogeneity with respect to maternal education; less educated mothers appear ...


An Inquiry Into Pennsylvania’S Keystone Stars: Research Report, Philip M Sirinides, John Fantuzzo, Whitney A Leboeuf, Katherine M Barghaus, Ryan Fink Nov 2015

An Inquiry Into Pennsylvania’S Keystone Stars: Research Report, Philip M Sirinides, John Fantuzzo, Whitney A Leboeuf, Katherine M Barghaus, Ryan Fink

CPRE Research Reports

A team from the University of Pennsylvania was funded by the William Penn Foundation to conduct an inquiry of Keystone STARS. The goal of this inquiry was to provide a broad look at Keystone STARS to inform future revisions and evaluation of the system as part of Pennsylvania’s Race to the Top Early Learning Challenge grant (2013-2018). The inquiry focused on providing an overarching look at Keystone STARS with respect to three major areas and presents a detailed review of the data and findings for each of the three aspects:

  1. Child outcomes: examining the relations between Keystone STARS and ...


Evaluations In Mexico: Institutionalizing The Silence Of Indigenous Populations, Aldo A. Tapia Oct 2015

Evaluations In Mexico: Institutionalizing The Silence Of Indigenous Populations, Aldo A. Tapia

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

This paper frames the role of national assessments in Mexico from the sociology of absences perspective, where the marginalized are actively produced as non-existent. The ENLACE (now PLANEA), as the most publicized Mexican assessment, is analyzed in order to understand how education mechanisms systematically omit the voices and languages of minoritized populations. Using governmental policies and documents, this paper argues that Indigenous children in basic education are intentionally caught in a cycle of assessment inequalities by the institutionalization of one-language, one-culture assessment tools. Overall, the paper advocates for the design of just assessment tools that have clear pedagogical intentions and ...


The Impact Of Early Childhood Rainfall Shocks On The Evolution Of Cognitive And Non-Cognitive Skills, Jessica Leight, Paul Glewwe, Albert Park Oct 2015

The Impact Of Early Childhood Rainfall Shocks On The Evolution Of Cognitive And Non-Cognitive Skills, Jessica Leight, Paul Glewwe, Albert Park

Gansu Survey of Children and Families Papers

This paper is the first to estimate the extent to which early childhood climatic shocks affect both cognitive and non-cognitive skills as measured at multiple points in childhood and adolescence. We assess the impact of rainfall observed in utero and during the first two years of life by analyzing a rich longitudinal study of rural youth in a poor province in China. Our empirical strategy entails estimating the impact of rainfall on various measures of cognitive and non-cognitive skills utilizing a reduced form strategy, conditional on county and year-of-birth fixed effects. The results indicate that there is a significant impact ...


The Social Life Of Orthography Development, Coleman Donaldson Oct 2015

The Social Life Of Orthography Development, Coleman Donaldson

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

From a linguistic perspective the development of orthography for a language is often taken as a scientific endeavor involving the adoption of a set of graphic conventions for mapping the phonemic system of a language. In this paper I unpack how orthography development and use is necessarily wrapped up in socio-political debates. Approaching orthography graphically, I demonstrate how spelling itself frequently carries implicit metacommentary connected to these debates. Next, looking at orthography’s link with speech I argue that ideologies of language in departmentalized linguistics ignore and obscure the way orthography interacts with register phenomena within a language.


Ethnic Multilingual Education In China: A Critical Observation, Ge Wang Oct 2015

Ethnic Multilingual Education In China: A Critical Observation, Ge Wang

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

This paper reviews the ethnic multilingual policies and practices in China in general and Yunnan in particular. It first introduces the demographic features and multilingual policies in Yunnan and then discusses the challenges of ethnic minority education in China from a critical perspective in terms of policy and curriculum. It is argued that it is necessary to re-conceptualize ethnic minority learners in an ever dynamic sociocultural discourse in contemporary China. The author proposes to deepen the research in ethnic multilingual education so as to develop a curriculum to meet the needs of ethnic multicultural learners in the 21st century and ...


State Education Agencies And The Implementation Of New Teacher Evaluation Systems, Patrick Mcguinn Oct 2015

State Education Agencies And The Implementation Of New Teacher Evaluation Systems, Patrick Mcguinn

CPRE Policy Briefs

It has been three years since Race to the Top grant-winning states piloted new teacher evaluation systems and many of them have made considerable progress, yet according to media coverage and a Government Accountability Office report published in April 2015, struggles remain and most grantees have asked to extend the timetables for completing this work. Given the enormous importance and complexity of these reforms — and the fact that states vary widely in the timing, approach, and success of their implementation work — this is an excellent opportunity to assess the progress that has been made and identify where challenges persist. It ...


Changing Principals' Leadership Through Feedback And Coaching, Peter Goff, Ellen Goldring, J Edward Guthrie, Leonard Bickman Oct 2015

Changing Principals' Leadership Through Feedback And Coaching, Peter Goff, Ellen Goldring, J Edward Guthrie, Leonard Bickman

CPRE Policy Briefs

Researchers Leonard Bickman, Ellen Goldring, Peter Goff, and J. Edward Guthrie conducted a randomized experiment of principals in a large urban school district to explore if coaching, when combined with feedback from teachers, changes principals’ leadership practices. This brief summarizes the research findings regarding the impact of the feedback and coaching intervention on principals’ leadership behaviors.


Daring To Dream The Impossible Dream: An Identity-Based Motivation And Goal Setting Intervention For Aspiring First Generation College Students, Erin M. Hearn Aug 2015

Daring To Dream The Impossible Dream: An Identity-Based Motivation And Goal Setting Intervention For Aspiring First Generation College Students, Erin M. Hearn

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Little can be predicted about what the jobs of the future may look like. The most likely path to success, though, is through a college education. College not only provides graduates high salaries and more job stability, it also develops critical thinking, enhances relationship skills, and is correlated with increased well-being. Unfortunately, college access is not equal. First generation college students, students of color, and students living in poverty are not as likely to attend and graduate from college. GPA and test scores can predict 25% of college success; the remaining 75% is unknown. This paper posits that part of ...


How The 99 Percent Learn: America’S Overlooked Successes, Alan Ruby Jul 2015

How The 99 Percent Learn: America’S Overlooked Successes, Alan Ruby

GSE Publications

It’s a pity the efforts of myriad institutions striving daily to help students of diverse backgrounds are eclipsed by Ivy League tales, says Alan Ruby.


Mindfulness Training: A Transdisciplinary Approach To Assessing Efficacy In Education, Elizabeth Mackenzie Jul 2015

Mindfulness Training: A Transdisciplinary Approach To Assessing Efficacy In Education, Elizabeth Mackenzie

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


A Pick ‘N’ Mix Programme Can Be An Incoherent One, Alan Ruby May 2015

A Pick ‘N’ Mix Programme Can Be An Incoherent One, Alan Ruby

GSE Publications

Moocs and student choice are welcome, but traditional courses offer proven pathways to the summit of knowledge, argues Alan Ruby.


Changing Classroom Practice: The Evaluation Of The School Network Learning Project In Jordan, Jaunelle Pratt-Williams, Thomas Cocoran May 2015

Changing Classroom Practice: The Evaluation Of The School Network Learning Project In Jordan, Jaunelle Pratt-Williams, Thomas Cocoran

CPRE Research Reports

In 2007, the Columbia University Middle East Research Center (CUMERC), with the support and patronage of Her Majesty Queen Rania Al Abdullah, facilitated the founding of the Queen Rania Teacher Academy (QRTA) to help advance education in Jordan and throughout the Middle East. Through CUMERC, QRTA and Teachers College, Columbia University (TC) formed a new partnership whose goal was to use high quality in-service training to improve the quality of the public schools in Jordan. The Consortium for Policy in Education at TC (CPRE) took on this work and began collaborating with QRTA to engage current educators in the adoption ...


Philly, Delhi And Beyond: What Is A Social Science Studio?, Kushanava Choudhury May 2015

Philly, Delhi And Beyond: What Is A Social Science Studio?, Kushanava Choudhury

Reports (Social Science Studio)

In Spring 2014, six students and one professor took part in a course offered by Urban Studies at U Penn, titled "Social Science Studio: Immigrants Make the City". By focusing on the Italian Market neighborhood, in South Philadelphia, students explored how immigration transforms urban spaces in large American cities. They researched how immigrants are remaking the city economically, politically, socially, and culturally. We approached the field with multiple sets of disciplinary tools to describe what exists on the ground, in order to accommodate multiple ways of seeing.

The "Social Science Studio" concept is simple: Use the design studio format to ...


Review Of William Easterly, The Tyranny Of Experts: Economists, Dictators, And The Forgotten Rights Of The Poor, Daniel A. Wagner May 2015

Review Of William Easterly, The Tyranny Of Experts: Economists, Dictators, And The Forgotten Rights Of The Poor, Daniel A. Wagner

Journal Articles (Literacy.org)

Toilets, plumbers, and development economists. This book is provocative at several levels—designed to disturb the professional development specialist and force a change in the public discourse on economic development. Does Easterly really mean to criticize the accumulated knowledge of so many who have fought so hard to bring knowledge and empiricism to the forefront of development? Yes and no. Yes, because he views accumulated knowledge or "expertise" as being consciously or unconsciously biased against those who strive hard (on their own) for success. No, because he recognizes, as reflected in the above quote, that knowledge (read experts) can really ...


Ambient Positional Instability Among Ohio Math And Science Teachers: 2008 To 2014, John Baker, Robert Boruch Apr 2015

Ambient Positional Instability Among Ohio Math And Science Teachers: 2008 To 2014, John Baker, Robert Boruch

GSE Publications

This briefing is on teacher retention and Ambient Positional Instability (API) rates from 2008-09 to 2013-14 for math and science teachers in the state of Ohio. API is investigated in two ways; first, the cohort of math and science teachers teaching in the 2008-09 school year are followed over five years and, second, the population of math and science teachers are tracked from one year to the next over the same time period. Data analyses are presented with key findings identified. Instability rates tend to be stable year-to-year. Teachers in non-charter public schools in the five largest cities in Ohio ...


Improving College Access And Completion For Low-Income And First-Generation Students: The Role Of College Access And Success Programs, Laura W. Perna Apr 2015

Improving College Access And Completion For Low-Income And First-Generation Students: The Role Of College Access And Success Programs, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Review Of Kenneth Baker Et Al., 14-18: A New Vision For Secondary Education, Alan Ruby Apr 2015

Review Of Kenneth Baker Et Al., 14-18: A New Vision For Secondary Education, Alan Ruby

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Generation Y Are Failing To Put Money Where Their Mouths Are, Alan Ruby Apr 2015

Generation Y Are Failing To Put Money Where Their Mouths Are, Alan Ruby

GSE Publications

Alan Ruby wishes students would use their economic clout in a more politically and morally meaningful way than purchasing organic burritos.


Ways Of Talking (And Acting) About Language Reclamation: An Ethnographic Perspective On Learning Lenape In Pennsylvania, Nancy H. Hornberger, Haley De Korne, Miranda Weinberg Apr 2015

Ways Of Talking (And Acting) About Language Reclamation: An Ethnographic Perspective On Learning Lenape In Pennsylvania, Nancy H. Hornberger, Haley De Korne, Miranda Weinberg

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

The experiences of a community of people learning and teaching Lenape in Pennsylvania provide insights into the complexities of current ways of talking and acting about language reclamation. We illustrate how Native and non-Native participants in a university-based Indigenous language class constructed language, identity, and place in nuanced ways that, although influenced by essentializing discourses of language endangerment, are largely pluralist and reflexive. Rather than counting and conserving fixed languages, the actors in this study focus on locally appropriate language education, undertaken with participatory classroom discourses and practices. We argue that locally responsible, participatory educational responses to language endangerment such ...


Foreign Language Education Planning In China Since 1949: A Recurrent Instrumentalist Discourse, Yeting Liu Apr 2015

Foreign Language Education Planning In China Since 1949: A Recurrent Instrumentalist Discourse, Yeting Liu

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

Foreign language education planning (FLEP) has been caught in the political turmoil and hustle of ongoing economic reform in the People’s Republic of China for several decades. This paper situates a recurring instrumentalist discourse of FLEP in China in the underlying language ideologies and historical contexts from 1949 to present day. Utilizing Cooper’s (1989) guiding question of “who makes what decisions, why, how, under what conditions, and with what effect?” (p. 88), this paper examines the decision-making process in language planning across several decades. A discussion of the repercussions of this instrumentalist approach to FLEP in different time ...


Outlooks In Italy: Clil As Language Education Policy, Andrea R. Leone Apr 2015

Outlooks In Italy: Clil As Language Education Policy, Andrea R. Leone

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

The recent implementation of Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) in the fifth and final year of secondary schools in Italy carries with it a number of important implications for teachers, students, and policymakers. This paper seeks to demonstrate that at the local, national, and supranational levels, CLIL raises questions about education quality, access, and equity. Italy’s CLIL mandate is conceptualized here as a national language education policy situated within the larger European plurilingualism discourse as defined by the goal of “mother tongue plus two.” This discussion also seeks to demonstrate that CLIL, as it is conducted in Italian ...


Spaces, Skills, And Synthesis, Anu Vedantham, Dot Porter Apr 2015

Spaces, Skills, And Synthesis, Anu Vedantham, Dot Porter

Scholarship at Penn Libraries

We describe the evolution of support for digital humanities work at the University of Pennsylvania through the library’s adaptation of spaces, facilities, technical support and faculty advising. We begin with the Weigle Information Commons (WIC) in 2006 which provides broad support for educational technology, including multimedia authoring in the Vitale Digital Media Lab. In 2013, we added the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books, and Manuscripts (Kislak), with the Vitale 2 Lab focused on the digital humanities. We have integrated space, technology and facilities with the provision of professional development opportunities and support for informal experimentation. Techniques include ...


Negotiating Ideological And Implementational Spaces For Indigenous Languages In Peru, Frances K. Dueñas Apr 2015

Negotiating Ideological And Implementational Spaces For Indigenous Languages In Peru, Frances K. Dueñas

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

This paper draws on the concepts of ideological and implementational spaces (Hornberger, 2002) to understand how different actors, at different historical moments characterized by the emergence and development of multilingual policies, and at different layers of the language planning and policy onion (Ricento & Hornberger, 1996), have sought to carve up, fill in and re-imagine spaces for the inclusion of Indigenous languages in Peru. Following a historical-textual analysis, I offer a historical and contemporary analysis of four instances of multilingual policy negotiation, addressing their contributions and shortcomings as well as pointing to areas of future research. Implications are offered for language ...


Neither Here Nor There: Education, Citizenship, And The Failed Integration Of North Korean Defectors In South Korea, Joyce J. Kim Mar 2015

Neither Here Nor There: Education, Citizenship, And The Failed Integration Of North Korean Defectors In South Korea, Joyce J. Kim

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Despite sharing a cultural and historical background with South Koreans, North Korean defectors have difficulty integrating within South Korean society. This paper seeks to address the factors in South Korean society that make integration difficult for defectors. Specifically, what is the relationship between education and the formation of values and attitudes of South Koreans towards North Korean defectors?

This study argues that North Korean defectors cannot successfully integrate into South Korean society because 1) South Korean cultural attitudes embrace the hanminjok ideology that makes it difficult for defectors to acquire cultural citizenship and 2) the South Korean social- efficiency education ...


Sibling Rivalry: Ability And Intrahousehold Allocation In Gansu Province, China, Jessica Leight Mar 2015

Sibling Rivalry: Ability And Intrahousehold Allocation In Gansu Province, China, Jessica Leight

Gansu Survey of Children and Families Papers

This paper evaluates the strategies employed by households in rural China to allocate educational expenditure to children of different physical endowments, examining whether parents use educational funding to reinforce or compensate for these differences. Climatic shocks are employed as an instrument for endowment, measured as height-for-age, allowing for the identification of the impact of quasi-exogenous variation in endowment on parental allocations conditional on household fixed effects. The results suggest that educational expenditure is directed to the relatively weaker child; in response to the mean differences in height-for-age be- tween siblings, parents redirect around 25% of discretionary educational spending to the ...


Building A Lattice For School Leadership: Lessons From England, Jonathan A. Supovitz Mar 2015

Building A Lattice For School Leadership: Lessons From England, Jonathan A. Supovitz

CPRE Policy Briefs

This policy brief examines the evolution of the educational leadership development system in England to see what ideas American leaders and policymakers might take from looking transnationally. The brief is based on a more in-depth examination of that leadership development system described in a CPRE research report entitled Building a Lattice for School Leadership: The Top-to-Bottom Rethinking of Leadership Development in England and What It Might Mean for American Education. The research report was based upon a year of research on school leadership in England that included extensive background research, site visits to schools and leadership programs, and over 20 ...