Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

University of Pennsylvania

Discipline
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 1260

Full-Text Articles in Education

Attachment To The Social Construct Of Success And The Myth Of The "Good College": Effects Of Toxic Stress On Affluent Adolescents, Corey Hirsch May 2019

Attachment To The Social Construct Of Success And The Myth Of The "Good College": Effects Of Toxic Stress On Affluent Adolescents, Corey Hirsch

Doctorate in Social Work (DSW) Dissertations

The demands and expectations placed on many high school students in affluent communities require almost impossible performance levels, or even perfection, and parents, peers, high school teachers, counselors, and administrators, as well as others in affluent communities, become increasingly invested in the quest for success demonstrated by high level performance and achievement. As a result, students in affluent communities are vulnerable to experiencing extreme pressure to succeed as demonstrated by gaining admittance to a “good college.” This dissertation utilizes the foundational aspects of attachment theory to provide a framework for understanding how individuals in affluent communities develop a strong attachment ...


Call To Action Series | Community Assessment: State And Local Leaders Need Integrated Data Approaches And Tools To Better Coordinate Early Childhood Programs And Services, Ecdataworks Project May 2019

Call To Action Series | Community Assessment: State And Local Leaders Need Integrated Data Approaches And Tools To Better Coordinate Early Childhood Programs And Services, Ecdataworks Project

CPRE Working Papers

ECDataWorks developed the Community Assessment Framework to guide states in the integration and use of early childhood data across four key areas: eligibility, access, services, and impact. Tools and reports that align with this framework can support early childhood providers, advocates, state administrators, and policymakers with strategic planning.


Call To Action Series | Data Governance Dashboard: Interactive Data Governance Tools And Processes Are Needed For Effective And Sustainable Ecids, Ecdataworks Project May 2019

Call To Action Series | Data Governance Dashboard: Interactive Data Governance Tools And Processes Are Needed For Effective And Sustainable Ecids, Ecdataworks Project

CPRE Working Papers

ECDataWorks developed the Data Governance Dashboard Framework to guide states in establishing transparent and ongoing methods for gathering ECIDS stakeholder feedback. Gathering input from diverse stakeholders and leadership about policy priorities and how data are used enables responsive decisions about updates needed to the state research agenda, data elements required, and resources necessary for new or enhanced analytics. This structured feedback creates a reliable source of information and a basis on which governance groups can make decisions. The Data Governance Dashboard Framework supports the continued improvement, use, and sustainability of the ECIDS over time.


Call To Action Series | Expanded School Readiness: State And Local Leaders Need Integrated Data Tools To Inform Efforts To Improve School Readiness, Ecdataworks Project May 2019

Call To Action Series | Expanded School Readiness: State And Local Leaders Need Integrated Data Tools To Inform Efforts To Improve School Readiness, Ecdataworks Project

CPRE Working Papers

ECDataWorks developed the Expanded School Readiness Framework to help states explore the preparedness of schools, communities, and children. Expanded school readiness reports allow for tracking progress toward state school readiness goals and inform decisions such as: identifying needs for teachers, programs, and classrooms; identifying best practices and improve instruction in specific domains; developing strategies for collaborating across schools and community providers to prepare for incoming kindergartners; allocating funding for early childhood programs and school districts; and establishing strategies to engage parents.


Positive Psychology Interventions In The Classroom For Students With Special Needs: First Book, Jill G. Bell, Kellie Cummings, Mina Simhai, Arlen Solodkin May 2019

Positive Psychology Interventions In The Classroom For Students With Special Needs: First Book, Jill G. Bell, Kellie Cummings, Mina Simhai, Arlen Solodkin

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Service Learning Projects

This paper sets forth the empirical and theoretical underpinnings and evidence-based activities that teachers of students with special needs in low-income schools can utilize to manage behavioral challenges. The authors identify applicable positive psychology resources, as requested by First Book, a non-profit providing member educators with resources that help children learn and seeks to accelerate implementation of innovative research in low-income schools. The authors, at the request of First Book, focus on emotional intelligence, growth mindset, self-regulation and character strengths, operationalizing these topics with a two-pronged approach: 1) specific actions teachers can take to build positive classrooms and 2) practical ...


The Role Of External Support Providers In Improving K-3 Reading Outcomes In New York, Thomas Hatch, Meesuk Ahn, Daniel Ferguson, Alyson Rumberger Feb 2019

The Role Of External Support Providers In Improving K-3 Reading Outcomes In New York, Thomas Hatch, Meesuk Ahn, Daniel Ferguson, Alyson Rumberger

CPRE Policy Briefs

No abstract provided.


Mapping The Reading Improvement Sector In New York City The Role Of External Support Providers In Improving K-3 Reading Outcomes, Thomas Hatch, Meesuk Ahn, Daniel Ferguson, Alyson Rumberger Feb 2019

Mapping The Reading Improvement Sector In New York City The Role Of External Support Providers In Improving K-3 Reading Outcomes, Thomas Hatch, Meesuk Ahn, Daniel Ferguson, Alyson Rumberger

CPRE Working Papers

This report shares the results of a project designed to help build the collective capacity and increase the impact of the external support providers working to improve K-3 reading outcomes in New York City public elementary schools. In the first phase of the project, we identified all the programs in what we call the K-3 reading improvement sector in NYC 2014-15. In the second phase, we examined the extent to which a sample of these programs have the goals, resources, and personnel to improve reading outcomes system-wide. In the third phase, we mapped the relationships among a sample of programs ...


Typology Of Teacher Leadership Programs, Jill Harrison Berg, Peter Horn, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Jason Margolis Jan 2019

Typology Of Teacher Leadership Programs, Jill Harrison Berg, Peter Horn, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Jason Margolis

CPRE Research Reports

Education leaders are perennially seeking new ways to build the capacity of teachers to enhance learning experiences for all students. Teacher leadership, which we define as teachers’ support of the improvement of teaching and learning beyond their own classroom, has long been a source of interest and experimentation (Wenner & Campbell, 2017; York-Barr & Duke, 2004). Teacher leadership recognizes teachers’ instructional expertise as an asset for educational improvement, capitalizes upon teachers’ relationships with their colleagues to support change, and may provide career advancement opportunities to improve job satisfaction and the professionalization of teaching. For these and other reasons, states, districts, funders and teachers themselves have become increasingly interested in the promise of teacher leadership.

In this study, we map the landscape of teacher leadership programs across the U.S. and identify commonalities and distinctions amongst the range of programs. Using a variety of search approaches to capture publicly-available information, we document 285 state, local, university, and foundation-sponsored programs that use a variety of techniques to support teachers as leaders. We then categorize the forms of support, attending to program models, objectives, sponsorship, and audience.

We identify three major forms of support provided by teacher leadership programs: (1) preparation of teachers with knowledge and skills that can help them to lead; (2) positioning of teachers in leadership roles to capitalize upon their expertise; and (3) recognition of teachers as leaders through awards and other forms of appreciation or acknowledgement. While some programs focus only on one of these approaches, most employed a combination of these forms of support. Based on this ...


Seven Trends: The Transformation Of The Teaching Force – Updated October 2018, Richard M. Ingersoll, Elizabeth Merrill, Daniel Stuckey, Gregory Collins Nov 2018

Seven Trends: The Transformation Of The Teaching Force – Updated October 2018, Richard M. Ingersoll, Elizabeth Merrill, Daniel Stuckey, Gregory Collins

CPRE Research Reports

Report amended November 1, 2018.

Has the elementary and secondary teaching force changed in recent years? And, if so, how? Have the types and kinds of individuals going into teaching changed? Have the demographic characteristics of those working in classrooms altered? This report summarizes the results of an exploratory research project that investigated what trends and changes have, or have not, occurred in the teaching force over the past three decades.

Our main data source was the Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) and its supplement, the Teacher Follow-Up Survey (TFS) – collectively the largest and most comprehensive source of data on ...


Experimental Impacts Of The Ongoing Assessment Project On Teachers And Students, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Caroline B. Ebby, Janine Remillard, Robert A. Nathenson Oct 2018

Experimental Impacts Of The Ongoing Assessment Project On Teachers And Students, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Caroline B. Ebby, Janine Remillard, Robert A. Nathenson

CPRE Research Reports

In this report, we describe the results of a rigorous two-year study of the impacts of a mathematics initiative called Ongoing Assessment Project (OGAP) on teacher and student learning in grades 3-5 in two Philadelphia area school districts. OGAP is a mathematics program which combines teacher formative assessment practices with knowledge of student developmental progressions to build deeper student understanding of mathematics content. OGAP includes teacher professional development, classroom resources, school-based routines for regular practice, and ongoing school-based supports. The study was conducted in 61 schools during the 2014-15 and 2015-16 school years, with OGAP randomly assigned to 31 schools ...


Ecdataworks Data Story Activity Guide, Kate Grannemann, Ruth Lett, Philip M. Sirinides Sep 2018

Ecdataworks Data Story Activity Guide, Kate Grannemann, Ruth Lett, Philip M. Sirinides

CPRE Conference Presentations and Papers

Learning from data is not easy. Developing data stories can support data use among stakeholders at the state and local levels. This resource is intended to support stakeholders working in small groups to develop data stories requiring integrated early childhood data, but can support planning for the use of other types of data as well. The goal of this activity is to engage stakeholders and build a shared understanding of data needs and uses through facilitated conversations.


Improving Data, Improving Outcomes Conference (Ecdataworks), Missy Coffey, Kate Grannemann, Philip Sirinides Aug 2018

Improving Data, Improving Outcomes Conference (Ecdataworks), Missy Coffey, Kate Grannemann, Philip Sirinides

CPRE Conference Presentations and Papers

No abstract provided.


Monasteries Of The Future, Miles G. Bukiet Aug 2018

Monasteries Of The Future, Miles G. Bukiet

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

For millennia, monasteries have been at the forefront of training virtues such as compassion, transcendence, service, gratitude, forgiveness, and grit, as well as foundational psychological capacities such as self-regulation, sustained, voluntary attention, emotional intelligence, and meta-cognitive awareness. Monasteries of the Future are modern institutions, both secular and religious, designed to provide the requisite financial, social, intellectual, and instructional support necessary to train a new generation of contemplative adepts. Forming a network of centers which collaborate and compete, Monasteries of the Future will establish and uphold the highest standards in the contemplative field. By partnering with modern science, most notably positive ...


Creative Problem Solving As A Positive Intervention And Approach To Career Development, Laura Delprato Aug 2018

Creative Problem Solving As A Positive Intervention And Approach To Career Development, Laura Delprato

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Every year, over 19 million college students in the United States face big decisions like choosing a major, securing an internship, and deciding their next steps after graduation (National Center for Education Statistics, 2018). With rapid advancements in the world of work, there are many emerging environmental factors that make these decisions complex and challenging (Callanan, Perri, & Tomkowicz, 2017). This paper explores how positive psychology and creative problem solving research can support students as they make career-related decisions and design their lives. Advancements in positive psychology build a foundation of research that supports work as a pathway to flourishing. Accordingly ...


Rooted In Resilience: A Framework For The Integration Of Well-Being In Teacher Education Programs, Jessica Spurgeon, Lauren Thompson Aug 2018

Rooted In Resilience: A Framework For The Integration Of Well-Being In Teacher Education Programs, Jessica Spurgeon, Lauren Thompson

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

The process of teaching students is incredibly difficult. Oftentimes, the adversities of the profession sway highly effective teachers into social and emotional deficits, and eventually lead to burnout (Spilt, Koomen, & Thijs, 2011; Wisniewski & Gargiulo, 1997). Emotional depletion, burnout, and high attrition in the profession may be costly for the educational system – both financially and academically (Klusmann, Richter, & Lüdtke, 2016). We suggest that the key to preventing burnout, and cultivating flourishing students, is through the educators themselves. Educators who are taught, practice, and implement the skills of well-being at the onset of their careers are more likely to positively adapt and endure the ...


Harry Potter And The Enhancement Of Hope: What Harry Potter And Positive Psychology Can Teach Us About The Good Life, Ashley Wolf Aug 2018

Harry Potter And The Enhancement Of Hope: What Harry Potter And Positive Psychology Can Teach Us About The Good Life, Ashley Wolf

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

This capstone explores J.K. Rowling’s Harry Potter books through the lens of positive psychology, the scientific study of human flourishing. Specifically, it proposes that reading Harry Potter is a positive intervention, an evidence-based activity that enhances peoples well-being, especially given its potential to spark hope in its readers. Hope is one of the positive psychological character strengths most associated with happiness and life satisfaction, yet is one of the least endorsed worldwide. This suggests a need to offer people around the world easily accessible interventions through which they can cultivate more hope. Through its ubiquitous ability to resonate ...


Better Together: Enhancing Team Collaboration In Science (Etcsi) To Improve Well-Being And Medicine Discovery, Lara S. Kallander Aug 2018

Better Together: Enhancing Team Collaboration In Science (Etcsi) To Improve Well-Being And Medicine Discovery, Lara S. Kallander

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Public health is dependent on the discovery of new medicines, and due to the considerable investment already required, the discovery process needs to be made more efficient. One approach is to use positive psychology to enhance collaboration among scientific researchers, which would lead to the discovery of more medicines by enhancing innovation, problem solving, and decision making. Scientists are technical experts that are not trained in collaboration skills despite this being critical to their success in the workplace. A one-day training program has been developed here to enhance team collaboration in science (ETCSi). Building skills in trust, communication, and belonging ...


Interpreting And Implementing Interculturality: Eib Educators And In-Service Teacher Training Programs, Frances Kvietok Jun 2018

Interpreting And Implementing Interculturality: Eib Educators And In-Service Teacher Training Programs, Frances Kvietok

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

Built on the premise that there is a gap between policy design and policy implementation, this paper seeks to understand how Peruvian teachers make sense of and implement Intercultural Bilingual Education (EIB) policy. EIB policy, introduced in 1991, recognizes the linguistic and cultural rights of marginalized indigenous students in schooling. This paper explores how in-service teacher training workshops influence teachers’ interpretation and implementation of interculturality by looking at experiences of the teacher training workshops run by Fundación HoPe Holanda Perú (HOPE) and Asociación Pukllasunchis in Cusco, Peru. Through this analysis, the paper shows how in-service teacher training workshops can contribute ...


To Randomize Or Not To Randomize? That Is The Question, Robert Boruch Jun 2018

To Randomize Or Not To Randomize? That Is The Question, Robert Boruch

GSE Publications

Women Affirming Motherhood (WAM) recently received substantial support from the Empire Foundation for WAM’s work in assisting pregnant young women. As part of the grant, Empire required WAM to elicit bids for an independent evaluation of WAM’s performance. In what follows, the focus is on evaluating WAM’s effects. In particular, the concern is whether and how a randomized controlled trial (RCT) might be deployed so as to produce a fair estimate WAM’s effects.

The approach to addressing the concern is interrogatory, as the title suggests. The topic’s handling here is more Socratic than it is ...


College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier Jun 2018

College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier

GSE Publications

A public compact for postsecondary education in the 21st century must have at its core a commitment to educational opportunity. The demands of the knowledge economy and modern democracy require that most Americans have the opportunity to develop critical thinking, problem solving, communication, and technological knowledge and skills.


College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States — State Risk Assessments, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier Jun 2018

College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States — State Risk Assessments, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


A Two-Paper Mixed Method Pilot Study On Perceived Social Support, Self Esteem, And Racial-Ethnic Microaggressions Among Undergraduate, Graduate, And Professional College Students In The United States, Bobby N. Casiano May 2018

A Two-Paper Mixed Method Pilot Study On Perceived Social Support, Self Esteem, And Racial-Ethnic Microaggressions Among Undergraduate, Graduate, And Professional College Students In The United States, Bobby N. Casiano

Doctorate in Social Work (DSW) Dissertations

The retention, success, and well-being of undergraduate, graduate, and professional students in the United States is a critical issue in the field of higher education. Colleges and Universities across the United States often reflect intractable conflicts and dynamics of the larger society. Consequently, institutions of higher education have grappled with the dynamic of systemic and interpersonal racism throughout history. Racial and ethnic microaggressions is a recent dynamic that has been described to impact the well-being of college students of color. Racial microaggressions are perceived intentional or unintentional slights that have been suggested to impact the self-esteem of college students. The ...


Positive Education At The Shipley School, Noof Aljneibi, Carl Chung, Alex Glass, Kate Li, Ashley Wolf May 2018

Positive Education At The Shipley School, Noof Aljneibi, Carl Chung, Alex Glass, Kate Li, Ashley Wolf

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Service Learning Projects

Positive education, a unique blend of academic learning and positive psychology theory on well-being, is becoming increasingly important in today’s educational system, as mental disorders like anxiety and depression continue to increase in schools. Located in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, The Shipley School, an independent PK-12 school, is an early adopter of positive education. In August 2017, Shipley led a three-day positive psychology retreat for all of its colleagues (teachers and staff); 25 self-selected colleagues, known as trained trainers, received an additional two days of training to guide them towards becoming thought leaders at Shipley. Preliminary evidence suggests that student ...


From Surviving To Thriving: How Colleges Can Use The Science Of Positive Psychology To Enhance Student Well-Being, Sharon F. Danzger May 2018

From Surviving To Thriving: How Colleges Can Use The Science Of Positive Psychology To Enhance Student Well-Being, Sharon F. Danzger

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Depression and anxiety have been on the rise on college campuses. Reports indicate that more than a quarter of undergraduate students are suffering from mental health issues (Eisenberg & Ketchen Lipson, 2017). While it is likely that support for mental illness will always be needed, the science of positive psychology offers additional opportunities for improving mental health. Through research-based interventions, it may be possible to reduce symptoms associated with many of the issues facing today’s college students, from depression and anxiety to feelings of not belonging and a lack of resilience. This paper explores the current state of mental health ...


Using Positive Psychology To Bolster Student Success At Gateway Community College, Erik Otto Driessen, Adam Burgoon, Devon Tomasulo, Esther Chewning Apr 2018

Using Positive Psychology To Bolster Student Success At Gateway Community College, Erik Otto Driessen, Adam Burgoon, Devon Tomasulo, Esther Chewning

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Service Learning Projects

Supported by a situational analysis and review of positive psychological literature, this paper outlines an application plan to support GateWay Community College’s ‘experiential learning with a purpose' vision which focuses on infusing meaning into students’ career development and learning. This vision was articulated by Kerry Sanderson, Director of Career Services, and Jessica Brosilo, Service Learning Center Coordinator, in the form of three guiding principles for our work: 1) accessing large student populations, 2) developing students' personal meaning and understanding of purpose through career goals, and 3) cultivating a broader view of success beyond career goals. Future-mindedness and self-efficacy emerged ...


Negotiating A Better Future: How Interpersonal Skills Facilitate Inter-Generational Investment, Nava Ashraf, Natalie Bau, Corinne Low, Kathleen Mcginn Apr 2018

Negotiating A Better Future: How Interpersonal Skills Facilitate Inter-Generational Investment, Nava Ashraf, Natalie Bau, Corinne Low, Kathleen Mcginn

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

Using a randomized control trial, we examine whether offering adolescent girls non-material resources -- specifically, negotiation skills -- can improve educational outcomes in a low-income country. In so doing, we provide the first evidence on the effects of an intervention that increased non-cognitive, interpersonal skills during adolescence. Long-run administrative data shows that negotiation training significantly improved educational outcomes over the next three years. The training had greater effects than two alternative treatments (offering girls a safe physical space with female mentors and offering girls information about the returns to education), suggesting that negotiation skills themselves drive the effect. Further evidence from a ...


China’S Overseas Investment Should Not Neglect Education, Alan Ruby, Asia Li Apr 2018

China’S Overseas Investment Should Not Neglect Education, Alan Ruby, Asia Li

GSE Publications

History shows that the Belt and Road initiative will be successful only if it boosts human capital, as well as physical infrastructure, says Alan Ruby.


Sla In Uncertain Times: Disciplinary Constraints, Transdisciplinary Hopes, Lourdes Ortega Apr 2018

Sla In Uncertain Times: Disciplinary Constraints, Transdisciplinary Hopes, Lourdes Ortega

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

We live in uncertain times in an uncertain world. While large-scale efforts exist to end poverty, promote peace, share wealth, and protect the planet, we are witnessing serious deterioration of solidarity and respect for human diversity, coupled with alarming tides of authoritarian populism in the West. Many multilinguals—even more so multilinguals in marginalized communities—are vulnerable in the present climate. Researching bi/multilingualism is the business of second language acquisition (SLA) researchers. How well equipped is this field to respond to the present challenges? In this article I unpack four constraints that I believe hamper SLA’s capacity to ...


English-Medium Instruction Policies In South Korean Higher Education, Katherine I. Kang Apr 2018

English-Medium Instruction Policies In South Korean Higher Education, Katherine I. Kang

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

With the rise of globalization and the spread of English, English-medium instruction (EMI) has become a common practice among higher education institutions around the world. In the past two decades, many South Korean universities have also established and implemented institution-wide EMI policies. Using Ricento and Hornberger’s (1996) metaphor of the language planning and policy (LPP) onion as a heuristic, this paper looks at the different LPP layers involved in shaping these institutional EMI policies and describes how the global EMI phenomenon has been taken up in the South Korean national and institutional contexts. Furthermore, this paper elucidates the motivations ...


Debating Arabic: Governmentality And Language Controversy In Algeria, Gareth Smail Apr 2018

Debating Arabic: Governmentality And Language Controversy In Algeria, Gareth Smail

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

In this paper, I examine how discourses of language and citizenship are intertwined in Algeria. While this issue is typically approached with an eye to how different linguistic groups compete for power within the domain of language policy, I use the framework of governmentality (Foucault, 1991) to show a more complicated picture. Specifically, I argue that political ideologies imply different conceptions of what it means to teach Algeria’s official language of education, Standard Arabic (alfuṣḥā). While nationalist ideologies envision an Arabic education tied to Islam and/ or the Middle East, neoliberal ideologies reject that model and argue for an ...