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2012

Theses and Dissertations

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Online Communities Of Practice And Teachers Perceived Sense Of Efficacy: A Mixed Methods Study Of National Association Of Agricultural Educators Communities Of Practice Users, Robin Mclean Dec 2012

Online Communities Of Practice And Teachers Perceived Sense Of Efficacy: A Mixed Methods Study Of National Association Of Agricultural Educators Communities Of Practice Users, Robin Mclean

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this convergent design mixed methods study was to assess the perceived sense of efficacy of teachers who use the National Association of Agricultural Educators (NAAE) Communities of Practice, an online community for pre-service teachers, secondary educators, and university professors in agricultural education. The convergent design used the quantitative Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale and a qualitative case study with the data collected in parallel, analyzed separately and then merged at the end of the study for comparisons. Significant differences in perceived self-efficacy were not noted between mentor and neighbor users within the community. Communities of Practice content ...


Describing High School Readiness; Implementing School-Wide Positive Behavior Supports, Emily Snead Dec 2012

Describing High School Readiness; Implementing School-Wide Positive Behavior Supports, Emily Snead

Theses and Dissertations

This study sought to measure the current status and priorities of high school staff around effective behavior supports. The school district studied includes nine comprehensive high schools and one alternative education site. The use of effective behavior supports in the areas of school-wide supports, classroom supports, non-instructional supports, and individual student supports are the foundations for school-wide positive behavior supports, SWPBS, a tiered system of interventions designed to address the behavioral needs of all students within a school building. The study was designed as a mixed methods investigation. An online survey was created from the Effective Behavior Supports, Self-Assessment Scale ...


Measuring The Effects Of An On-Line Training Module For School Psychologists Working With Traumatized Children: A Pilot Study, Kristin Dezen Dec 2012

Measuring The Effects Of An On-Line Training Module For School Psychologists Working With Traumatized Children: A Pilot Study, Kristin Dezen

Theses and Dissertations

The present study was designed to address the current lack of trauma training provided to school psychologists. Specifically, this study employed a randomized, controlled design to test the efficacy of an on-line training targeting school psychology graduate student trainees' awareness of the signs and symptoms of child abuse as well as their knowledge of mandated reporting responsibilities. Results indicated that school psychologist trainees who completed the on-line training module reported greater awareness of the signs and symptoms of child abuse after viewing the module than did those school psychologist trainees who did not view the module. Similarly, school psychologist trainees ...


The Measure And Instruction Of Scale In Introductory Chemistry, Karrie Linn Gerlach Dec 2012

The Measure And Instruction Of Scale In Introductory Chemistry, Karrie Linn Gerlach

Theses and Dissertations

As a student, it is fundamental to comprehend how small an atom or molecule is in order to truly understand how the world works. The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) has determined that scale is a critical theme that pervades through all areas of science and is critical to a deep understanding. This project determined that students, which are more proficient with scale and moving between the macroscopic and particle worlds, were better performers in chemistry classes. Interviews were used to determine what the students understood and what common misconceptions were present. These lead to the development ...


Rapid Knowledge Assessment (Rka): Assessing Students Content Knowledge Through Rapid, In Class Assessment Of Expertise, Erin Margaret O'Connell Dec 2012

Rapid Knowledge Assessment (Rka): Assessing Students Content Knowledge Through Rapid, In Class Assessment Of Expertise, Erin Margaret O'Connell

Theses and Dissertations

Understanding how students go about problem solving in chemistry lends many possible advantages for interventions in teaching strategies for the college classroom. The work presented here is the development of an in-classroom, real-time, formative instrument to assess student expertise in chemistry with the purpose of developing classroom interventions. The development of appropriate interventions requires the understanding of how students go about starting to solve tasks presented to them, what their mental effort (load on working memory) is, and whether or not their performance was accurate. To measure this, the Rapid Knowledge Assessment (RKA) instrument uses clickers (handheld electronic instruments for ...


An Examination Of A Parochial Choice School Serving Latina/O Students: Perceptions, Realities And Promises, Tatiana Joseph Dec 2012

An Examination Of A Parochial Choice School Serving Latina/O Students: Perceptions, Realities And Promises, Tatiana Joseph

Theses and Dissertations

In Milwaukee, The Milwaukee Parental School Choice Program (MPCP) is a program that "allows low-income Milwaukee Students to attend participating private or religious schools located in Milwaukee with no charge for tuition if certain eligibility criteria are met" (Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction). The program allows for qualifying families to use a portion of the public educational funding selected (voucher) for their student to attend a public school or the private school of their choice. For low income families, school choice is an opportunity to flee from schools that struggle with dropouts, absenteeism and low achievement in hopes of a ...


Consultation With Preschool Teachers: Supporting Treatment Integrity To Improve Effectiveness, Carissa Marsh Dec 2012

Consultation With Preschool Teachers: Supporting Treatment Integrity To Improve Effectiveness, Carissa Marsh

Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to determine whether preschool teachers with the help of a consultant would conduct a functional behavior assessment and implement a positive behavior support plan (PBSP) with integrity. Further, the current study investigated: would the PBSP improve student behavior, would performance feedback improve teacher treatment integrity, and would greater treatment integrity be associated with improved child outcomes? Participants included two consultants, two preschool teachers, two target students, and one control student. The target and control students were all four years old and African American; two were male and one female. A noncurrent multiple baseline ...


The Preservation Of Effective Instructional Practices In An Era Of Education Reform: The Experiences Of Exemplary Teachers Of English Language Learners, Leanne Mary Evans Dec 2012

The Preservation Of Effective Instructional Practices In An Era Of Education Reform: The Experiences Of Exemplary Teachers Of English Language Learners, Leanne Mary Evans

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative study is to examine the experiences of four teachers nominated for their reputations as highly effective educators of English language learners. The intent is to explore how the teachers respond and react to changes and expectations of education policy and investigate how daily decision-making processes are affected. Three themes emerged from the data that suggest the participants have a cognizance of their own expertise, recognize and react to discriminatory action, and make decisions to take active roles to work toward change. Based on their expertise and ability to recognize inequities, the teachers made decisions to ...


Preservice Teachers' Perceptions Of Their Knowledge And Application Of Response To Intervention, Carrie Dannelle Jepma Dec 2012

Preservice Teachers' Perceptions Of Their Knowledge And Application Of Response To Intervention, Carrie Dannelle Jepma

Theses and Dissertations

Response to Intervention (RTI) is a model for providing instructional and scientific-based interventions to all children who struggle. RTI uses data-based decision making for the interventions, instructional evaluation, intervention intensity and length of time, and evaluation and recommendations for any adjustments needed in instruction in both the problem-solving and standard protocol models. The difference between the two models of RTI is that the interventions are individualized for each student in the problem-solving model, but not the standard protocol model.

RTI has been used by schools and agencies with research to support that it meets the needs of children and is ...


Effect Of Preschool Classroom Quality On Social And Language Development, Jennifer Marie Krzewina Dec 2012

Effect Of Preschool Classroom Quality On Social And Language Development, Jennifer Marie Krzewina

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of child care classroom quality on language and social outcomes for economically disadvantaged preschool youth who have been enrolled in a high-quality preschool program for one year. The study investigated preschool children's receptive language ability and social development in relation to environmental quality and teacher-child interaction quality, while controlling for child and teacher gender, teacher level of education, children's dominant language, and children's initial performance on measures of receptive language and social development, as assessed by the PPVT-IV and DECA-C, respectively. The sample was drawn from a ...


The Relationship Between The Outcomes For Children Placed In Teaching Family Homes And The Race/Ethnicity Of Their Caregivers, Candyce Rose Briggs Dec 2012

The Relationship Between The Outcomes For Children Placed In Teaching Family Homes And The Race/Ethnicity Of Their Caregivers, Candyce Rose Briggs

Theses and Dissertations

It is essential that research be conducted regarding both the needs of and the outcomes for children placed outside of their biological homes. According to AFCARS (Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System Report), approximately 408,425 children in the United States were in foster care in 2010 (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services [DHHS], 2011a). In addition to the large number of children and adolescents in foster care, there are a disproportionate number of U.S. racial/ethnic minority children in foster care and other out-of-home placements (Committee for Hispanic Children and Families, 2004; Schwartz, 2007 ...


"It Tells About The Street Life": A Portrait Of A Family Of African American Women Who Read And Discuss Urban Literature, Valerie Nicole Nyberg Dec 2012

"It Tells About The Street Life": A Portrait Of A Family Of African American Women Who Read And Discuss Urban Literature, Valerie Nicole Nyberg

Theses and Dissertations

This study investigates the social function of reading Urban Literature and the role the genre serves in the lives of a family of African American women. This investigation discovered that their talk about a particular Urban Literature text reveals intertextual links among multiple "texts" and that these links relate to elements of their lived worlds and cultural models.

Using a case study portrait methodology, grounded in a sociocultural approach to language and literacy, this study focuses on the following questions:

1. What do the women in an all-female African American family read? Why do they read?

2. How are these ...


Exploring The Effects Of Empowerment, Innovation, Professionalism, Conflict, And Participation On Teacher Organizational Commitment, Stephanie Layne Holliman Dec 2012

Exploring The Effects Of Empowerment, Innovation, Professionalism, Conflict, And Participation On Teacher Organizational Commitment, Stephanie Layne Holliman

Theses and Dissertations

Improved understanding of teacher retention depends on systematic research on working conditions, teachers' perceptions of their work environments, and the effect of condition-of-work variables on organizational commitment. The examination of organizational commitment in K-12 teachers is a construct with implications for long-term relationships in complex organizations and a significant predictor of retention.

This study examined the extent to which empowerment, innovation, professionalism, perceived level of interpersonal conflict, and participation were associated with teachers' organizational commitment at six K-12 sites in one Midwestern state. Of 2,732 teachers invited to participate, 1,463 completed the survey, for a total response rate ...


Sexual Identity Of Women Who Love Women, Nashae Yvonne Julian Dec 2012

Sexual Identity Of Women Who Love Women, Nashae Yvonne Julian

Theses and Dissertations

Historically non-heterosexual individuals have faced prejudice and discrimination in daily life. Non-heterosexuals experience oppression and discrimination that affect personal development on all levels. An increased awareness of sexual identity development could create more inclusive sexual identity models, better understanding for counselor educators, and better training for counselors on issues of sexual identity.

The purpose of this study was to explore the life experiences that influence sexual identity in women who love women. This study required that subjects attach meaning to sexual identity formation. Qualitative research methodologies were used in the study. Participants were selected for this study in a thoughtful ...


An Investigation Into The Psychometric Properties Of The Proportional Reduction Of Mean Squared Error And Augmented Scores, Christopher Neil Stephens Dec 2012

An Investigation Into The Psychometric Properties Of The Proportional Reduction Of Mean Squared Error And Augmented Scores, Christopher Neil Stephens

Theses and Dissertations

Augmentation procedures are designed to provide better estimates for a given test or subtest through the use of collateral information. The main purpose of this dissertation was to use Haberman's and Wainer's augmentation procedures on a large-scale, standardized achievement test to understand the relationship between reliability and correlation that exist to create the proportional reduction of mean squared error (PRMSE) statistic and to compare the practical effects of Haberman's augmentation procedure with the practical effects of Wainer's augmentation procedure.

In this dissertation, Haberman's and Wainer's augmentation procedures were used on a data set that ...


On-Line Supervision Of School Counselors: Effects On Case Conceptualization Skills And Self-Efficacy, Yi-Chun Lin Dec 2012

On-Line Supervision Of School Counselors: Effects On Case Conceptualization Skills And Self-Efficacy, Yi-Chun Lin

Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the supervision effectiveness of three online peer supervision models as measured by the two outcome variables of case conceptualization skills and self-efficacy. Also, it explored the impact of developmental levels of school counselors on the outcomes of supervision. Practicing school counselors from a national sample were randomly assigned to three groups: the Online Structured Peer Supervision Group (S group), the Online Peer Discussion Group (D group), and the Control Group. Two instruments measuring the outcome variables (dependent variables) were administered: the Clinical Hypothesis Exercise Form (CHEF) and the Counselor Self-Efficacy Scale (CSES). The independent variables were the ...


Emotional Factors In History Learning Via Digital History Narrative Creation, Amy Lynn Jones Dec 2012

Emotional Factors In History Learning Via Digital History Narrative Creation, Amy Lynn Jones

Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the potentialities of student produced digital narratives in the context of a secondary history classroom. Using qualitative mixed methods, I employed think-aloud observations, interviews, nonparticipant observations and document collection with 14 high school freshmen as they completed digital history narratives, i.e., historical documentaries, as a requirement of their United States history course. The study found that components of digital history narrative creation evoked strong emotions in secondary high school students. Specifically, working with historical imagery and through a technological medium, study participants showed observable, activity-related achievement emotions; emotions that further resulted in increased motivation towards the ...


Portraits Of Good Intentions: Diversity Education In The Commonplaces As Experienced By Preservice Social Studies Teachers, Kathryn Michele Kauper Dec 2012

Portraits Of Good Intentions: Diversity Education In The Commonplaces As Experienced By Preservice Social Studies Teachers, Kathryn Michele Kauper

Theses and Dissertations

Curriculum standards in social studies encourage a curriculum that helps students understand how minority groups and women have historically sought access to equality of opportunity through organization and struggle, as well as a curriculum that supports democratic dialogue and mutual understanding among groups from diverse backgrounds. This study investigated how preservice social studies teachers have experienced efforts to help them understand dimensions of diversity and how these dimensions implicate classroom practices. Their pedagogical intentions were explored using educational criticism and connoisseurship, a humanities-based qualitative methodology that describes, interprets, and evaluates the various dimensions of educational experiences. This investigation followed four ...


An Examination Of The Impact Of A Veterans Only College Course, Tamara Sue Woods Dec 2012

An Examination Of The Impact Of A Veterans Only College Course, Tamara Sue Woods

Theses and Dissertations

The number of OIF and OEF veterans who are choosing to pursue post-secondary education is increasing due in part to increased financial scholastic benefits earned as part of their military service. Veterans are not returning from combat unharmed however, and many are presenting with newly experienced difficulties that may impact their academic careers. This includes for example, PTSD, TBI, depression, and anxiety.

This study examined the impact of a veterans only college course entitled Life After War: Post-deployment Issues taught at a large Midwestern University. The class includes the instruction of scholastic skills, education on the natural consequences of post-deployment ...


Dual Processing And Discourse Space: Exploring Fifth Grade Students' Language, Reasoning, And Understanding Through Writing, Sae Yeol Yoon Dec 2012

Dual Processing And Discourse Space: Exploring Fifth Grade Students' Language, Reasoning, And Understanding Through Writing, Sae Yeol Yoon

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore the development of students' understanding through writing while immersed in an environment where there was a strong emphasis on a language-based argument inquiry approach. Additionally, this study explored students' spoken discourse to gain a better understanding of what role(s) talking plays in the development of understanding through writing. Finally, the study proposed a new concept of Discourse Space, which enabled researchers to improve their understanding of the characteristics of the development of student cognition through writing, and of the roles talking plays in cognitive development through writing.

This study was guided ...


A Qualitative Investigation Of Religion, Gender Role Beliefs, And Culture In The Lives Of A Select Group Of Muslim Men, Elham Bagheri Dec 2012

A Qualitative Investigation Of Religion, Gender Role Beliefs, And Culture In The Lives Of A Select Group Of Muslim Men, Elham Bagheri

Theses and Dissertations

Psychology of men and masculinity scholars have acknowledged that understanding the gender ideology of diverse men is an issue of multicultural competency within counseling psychology that deserves attention. Muslim men in the U.S. are stereotyped as being violent and misogynistic; however, there is a lack of multicultural competence regarding the relationship between religion, culture, and gender ideology among Muslim men. Muslim men's gender ideologies have not been investigated within the men and masculinity literature, similar to men from other diverse backgrounds.

This study used Consensual Qualitative Research (CQR) to investigate religion, gender role beliefs, and culture in the ...


An Investigation Of Perceptions Of Two Therapeutic Responses For Persons With A Terminal Illness Experiencing Death Anxiety, Joleen Carol Schoulte Dec 2012

An Investigation Of Perceptions Of Two Therapeutic Responses For Persons With A Terminal Illness Experiencing Death Anxiety, Joleen Carol Schoulte

Theses and Dissertations

This paper reviews literature on the topic of death anxiety and therapy. The author conducted a study examining potential clients' perceptions of two different therapeutic approaches for working with terminally ill clients with death anxiety. A review of literature relevant to this topic indicates that death anxiety is correlated with many psychological problems; however, there are no clinical studies focused primarily on the treatment of death anxiety among clients with a terminal illness. In this study, potential clients were randomly assigned to watched either a short video of a cognitive behavioral therapy session or a short video of an acceptance ...


Perceived Stigma In Persons With Early Stage Dementia And Its Impact On Anxiety Levels, Rebecca Jane Riley Dec 2012

Perceived Stigma In Persons With Early Stage Dementia And Its Impact On Anxiety Levels, Rebecca Jane Riley

Theses and Dissertations

As the baby boomers age, the number of individuals diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease and related disorders (ADRD) will increase. The following study was a part of a larger study that was concerned with the relationship between the stigma of dementia and overall quality of life (QoL) in persons diagnosed with early stage dementia. The study in this paper examined the relationship between the stigma of dementia and anxiety symptoms. Anxiety is a type of behavioral and psychological symptom of dementia (BPSD) that is common in persons with dementia (PwD). Anxiety may be exacerbated in PwD as a result of ...


Female Academic Department Chairs At A Public, Very High Research Activity University: Exploring Their Career Pathways To Success, Tamara Marcelle St.Marthe Dec 2012

Female Academic Department Chairs At A Public, Very High Research Activity University: Exploring Their Career Pathways To Success, Tamara Marcelle St.Marthe

Theses and Dissertations

The advancement of women into academic leadership remains a problem facing public, high-research activity universities. While there are more women who are qualified to assume the position of department chair in research institutions today than there were 30 years ago, women still lag behind their male counterparts in holding these academic leadership roles. The purpose of this study was to examine the personal and professional career experiences of women department chairs in a public, very high research activity institution, and to provide advice to women faculty seeking to become a department chair in the future. The department chair is among ...


The Lived Experience Of The Parents Of High School Dropouts: A Phenomenological Study, Christine Ann Silano Dec 2012

The Lived Experience Of The Parents Of High School Dropouts: A Phenomenological Study, Christine Ann Silano

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to describe the experiences and perceptions of parents whose children did not receive a high school diploma. This subpopulation has been rarely studied. The central question is, "What are the perceptions and experiences of the parents of public high school dropouts as they pertain to schools, their children, and themselves?"

This phenomenological study examined the lived experience of the parents of high school dropouts. Five women and one man participated in the study by sitting for interviews. The collected interview data was transcribed and analyzed using qualitative methodology including open and axial coding as ...


The Relationship Of Peer Acceptance, Age, Gender, Ethnicity, And Appearance Among Preschoolers, Kora Klaire Stuffelbeam Dec 2012

The Relationship Of Peer Acceptance, Age, Gender, Ethnicity, And Appearance Among Preschoolers, Kora Klaire Stuffelbeam

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine preschool children's acceptance of peers. The term peer acceptance is defined as "the degree a child is Socially accepted or rejected by his or her peer group." Johnson et al. (2002) found children between the ages of three and five were able to develop friendships and Social skills that would impact their acceptance among peers. The study determined if children based their choice of peers according to a child's age, gender, ethnicity, appearance, and/or Social skills. The subjects of this study were 31 children whose ages were three-, four- ...


Family Policies And Institutional Satisfaction: An Intersectional Analysis Of Tenure-Track Faculty, Heather Lee Schneller Dec 2012

Family Policies And Institutional Satisfaction: An Intersectional Analysis Of Tenure-Track Faculty, Heather Lee Schneller

Theses and Dissertations

Gender and faculty career advancement have been examined with a focus on academic work environment, including faculty workloads, mentoring relationships, access to research networks, and work-life balance. Previous studies concerned with gender, employment, and care work only have considered child care. Additionally, the exploration of faculty and care work focused specifically on gender instead of examining the interaction of race and gender. To date, no study on academic work-life policies includes faculty perceptions of their importance and effectiveness nor has the faculty assessment of eldercare policy been examined in relation to career success.

Guided by an intersectional perspective, this study ...


Predictors Of Academic Success For The National Board Dental Hygiene Examination And The Southern Regional Testing Agency Clinical Exam, Melissa Gail Efurd Dec 2012

Predictors Of Academic Success For The National Board Dental Hygiene Examination And The Southern Regional Testing Agency Clinical Exam, Melissa Gail Efurd

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose for conducting this study was to investigate and describe the relationship between applicant criteria for a dental hygiene program and subsequent outcomes on credentialing exams: the National Board Dental Hygiene Exam and the Southern Regional Testing Agency clinical exam. Because admission criteria play a crucial role in applicant selection, choosing students, that will successfully complete the program as well as the necessary credentialing exams, is a particularly crucial task for admission committees. The study had three elements. First, it investigated the relationship between the variables of age, undergraduate GPA and scores from the Psychological Services Bureau Health Occupations ...


Trait Differences In Gender In Technology Use And Study Habits Of Rural Community College Students, Phillip Marc Wilson Dec 2012

Trait Differences In Gender In Technology Use And Study Habits Of Rural Community College Students, Phillip Marc Wilson

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose for conducting the study was to explore the trait differences by gender of the study habits and technology use patterns of rural community college students. Significant research and data presently exists at the university level specific to study habits and technology use, but little research had been conducted targeting those topics in a rural community college setting.

The following questions guided the research:

1. What were the study habits of rural community college students?

2. How did rural community college students use technology?

3. Were there significant differences, by gender, in the study habits of rural community college ...


Perceptions Of A Middle School Reconfiguration: A Descriptive Case Study, Karen Billingsley Lasker Dec 2012

Perceptions Of A Middle School Reconfiguration: A Descriptive Case Study, Karen Billingsley Lasker

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative research study was to follow 1 principal's journey to assist the district in its reconfiguration goals, and help the school change through deep examination of district personnel's and parents' perceptions of the change process. This was done by acknowledging distinctions and differences between junior high schools, the current middle school, and the new middle school, delineated by current middle school-reform research. This study explored issues regarding the policies, personnel, decision-making strategies, timelines, and organizational structures of the new middle school.

The reconfiguration resulted in rezoning attendance zones, reconstructing the new high school, raising ...