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1994

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Articles 1 - 14 of 14

Full-Text Articles in Education

Mapping Student Achievement, Geoff Masters, Ray Adams, Jan Lokan Aug 2013

Mapping Student Achievement, Geoff Masters, Ray Adams, Jan Lokan

Prof Ray Adams

The analyses, publications and reports of quantitative data in education and the social sciences usually omit basic information on the construct measured. Probabilistic models for test data make it possible to delineate coherent and richly described measurement continua that facilitate interpretation of student achievement. The potential of conjoint measurement to bring about fundamental advances in educational testing practice lies in part in the opportunities it provides to build useful maps of learning domains and to use those maps in communicating student achievements. This chapter presents two applications of conjoint measurement aimed at constructing and describing achievement variables, developing insights into ...


The Writer's Digest Character Naming Sourcebook, Charlie Sweet, Hal Blythe, Sheerilyn Kenyon Jan 2012

The Writer's Digest Character Naming Sourcebook, Charlie Sweet, Hal Blythe, Sheerilyn Kenyon

Hal Blythe

Call your characters by their right names. This book will help you. Now you won't have to use baby name books or your teelphone directory for ideas for character names. More than 20,000 character names are included right here, along with valuable instruction for selecting names, and how those names will affect your story.


Effect Of Applied Potential Upon The In Situ Structure Of Self-Assembled Monolayers On Gold Electrodes, Mark Anderson, Marilyn Gatin May 1994

Effect Of Applied Potential Upon The In Situ Structure Of Self-Assembled Monolayers On Gold Electrodes, Mark Anderson, Marilyn Gatin

Mark R. Anderson

Polarization modulation Fourier transform infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (PM-FTIRRAS) has been utilized to study the in situ structure of octadecanethiol when adsorbed to gold electrode surfaces and with the application of potential to the substrate. It is found that applied potential has little effect upon the spectrum of the monolayer in the presence of D2O solutions containing 0.10 M NaClO4. The presence of an acetonitrile solution contacting the monolayer leads to small changes in the infrared spectrum relative to that seen in D2O solutions, suggestive of some small disordering of the monolayer caused by the presence of the acetonitrile ...


Mapping Student Achievement, Geoff Masters, Ray Adams, Jan Lokan Dec 1993

Mapping Student Achievement, Geoff Masters, Ray Adams, Jan Lokan

Prof Geoff Masters AO

The analyses, publications and reports of quantitative data in education and the social sciences usually omit basic information on the construct measured. Probabilistic models for test data make it possible to delineate coherent and richly described measurement continua that facilitate interpretation of student achievement. The potential of conjoint measurement to bring about fundamental advances in educational testing practice lies in part in the opportunities it provides to build useful maps of learning domains and to use those maps in communicating student achievements. This chapter presents two applications of conjoint measurement aimed at constructing and describing achievement variables, developing insights into ...


Issues In The Measurement Of Change In Reading Achievement Over Time, Petra Lietz Dec 1993

Issues In The Measurement Of Change In Reading Achievement Over Time, Petra Lietz

Dr Petra Lietz

The analyses reported in this paper seek to examine: (1)the factor structures underlying the tests employed in the Reading Comprehension and the Reading Literacy Studies. In particular, it is of interest whether or not the assumption holds of a common factor or trait, that underlies the processes involved in reading comprehension, as argued by Thorndike (1973a). If this were not the case, it would not be appropriate to calculate a total score which is necessary to equate student performance over time. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) is used to examine this issue. (2)whether or not similar results are obtained ...


Changes In Mathematics Achievement Over The High School Years, John Ainley Dec 1993

Changes In Mathematics Achievement Over The High School Years, John Ainley

Dr John Ainley

One of the important developments in the way achievement is used in studies of school and individual influences on learning has been the use of achievement growth rather than a static achievement score as an outcome. As part of a longitudinal study of students' progress through the later years of high school, mathematics achievement was assessed in Year 9 (in 1987) and Year 12 (in 1990). In both year levels students completed a modified version of the Progressive Achievement Test in Mathematics 3A. This test measures generalised mathematical performance rather than achievement specific to students' current studies. Scores at both ...


Instruction And Assessment For Limited-English-Proficient Adult Learners, Ronald Solórzano Dec 1993

Instruction And Assessment For Limited-English-Proficient Adult Learners, Ronald Solórzano

Ronald Solórzano

The report and review of literature discusses instructional and assessment practices associated with limited-English-proficient (LEP) adults, and recommends that literacy providers use alternative forms of instruction and assessment for this population that are based on: (1) an explicit emphasis on writing; (2) use of the learner's own cultural experiences; and (3) the teaching of cognitive skills and their relationship to real-life text-processing demands. The confusion surrounding English oral proficiency and English literacy is examined, as is the role that native language literacy plays in development and subsequent acquisition of the second (i.e., English) language. It is concluded that ...


Developing Indicators Of Infrastructure Needs In Secondary Schools, Phil Mckenzie, Penny Burns Dec 1993

Developing Indicators Of Infrastructure Needs In Secondary Schools, Phil Mckenzie, Penny Burns

Dr Phillip McKenzie

No abstract provided.


Cortical Type 2 Astrocytes Are Not Dye Coupled Nor Do They Express The Major Gap Junction Genes Found In The Central Nervous System, Daniel Belliveau, C. Naus Dec 1993

Cortical Type 2 Astrocytes Are Not Dye Coupled Nor Do They Express The Major Gap Junction Genes Found In The Central Nervous System, Daniel Belliveau, C. Naus

Daniel J. Belliveau

The O‐2A progenitor cell first described from the rat optic nerve is a bipotential precursor of oligodendrocytes and type 2 astrocytes. Each cell expresses specific markers that distinguish them as unique cell types. O‐2A progenitors cultured in high serum preferentially differntiate into type 2 astrocytes and when exposed to defined medium or low serum develop along the oligodendrocyte lineage. We analyzed the gap junction gene expression of type 2 astrocytes to determine if they are coupled to form a syncytium, like their type 1 astrocyte counterparts. Dye coupling experiments demonstrated that cortical type 2 astrocytes are not coupled ...


Knowledge Preschool-Age Children Bring To Literacy Tasks: The Importance Of "Not Holding Back.", Catherine Rosemary, Mary Abouzeid Dec 1993

Knowledge Preschool-Age Children Bring To Literacy Tasks: The Importance Of "Not Holding Back.", Catherine Rosemary, Mary Abouzeid

Catherine A. Rosemary

A study focused on children's alphabet knowledge and name writing ability to investigate between-group differences. Subjects were 22 children (mean age 57 months) in a private preschool located in a suburban, predominantly upper-middle income area and 12 children (mean age 56 months) in a private, subsidized day care center situated in a metropolitan area within walking distance to low income neighborhoods. The performances of both groups of children were compared on two measures of alphabet knowledge: alphabet recitation and name writing. Results indicated that children in both groups varied similarly in their performance of alphabet recitations. Comparisons of the ...


The Writer's Digest Character Naming Sourcebook, Charlie Sweet, Hal Blythe, Sheerilyn Kenyon Dec 1993

The Writer's Digest Character Naming Sourcebook, Charlie Sweet, Hal Blythe, Sheerilyn Kenyon

Charlie Sweet

Call your characters by their right names. This book will help you. Now you won't have to use baby name books or your teelphone directory for ideas for character names. More than 20,000 character names are included right here, along with valuable instruction for selecting names, and how those names will affect your story.


Democratic Empowerment And Secondary Teacher Education, Thomas Kelly Dec 1993

Democratic Empowerment And Secondary Teacher Education, Thomas Kelly

Thomas E. Kelly

No abstract provided.


A New Approach To Standard-Setting In Language Assessment, Tom Lumley, B Lynch, T Mcnamara Dec 1993

A New Approach To Standard-Setting In Language Assessment, Tom Lumley, B Lynch, T Mcnamara

Dr Tom Lumley

In this paper the authors consider a standard setting exercise involving the Occupational English Test, a specific purpose test of English as a second language for health professionals. The Australian test is used as part of the screening of immigrant and refugee health professionals prior to the resumption of their professional careers in their new country of residence.


A Giving Experience: The Use Of Community Service For Training Community Living Skills And Promoting Integration With Individuals With Severe Disabilities, Theron Ford, Caroline Everington Dec 1993

A Giving Experience: The Use Of Community Service For Training Community Living Skills And Promoting Integration With Individuals With Severe Disabilities, Theron Ford, Caroline Everington

Theron N Ford

Presents a case study on the use of community service to promote community living skills and integration for individuals with severe disabilities. Psychological importance of the integration of disabled persons into the mainstream society; Project description; Objective of the project; Implementation; Outcomes. INSET: Community service objectives for each student.