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1983

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Experimental Evaluation Of An Instructional Packet On Supervised Occupational Experience Placement Programs For Vocational Agriculture , John William Slocombe Jan 1983

Experimental Evaluation Of An Instructional Packet On Supervised Occupational Experience Placement Programs For Vocational Agriculture , John William Slocombe

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to evaluate an instructional packet on supervised occupational experience (SOE) placement programs for vocational agriculture. The research procedure was experimental with a posttest control group design. The independent variable manipulated by the researcher was the degree to which teachers had access to the instructional packet. Two levels of the experimental variable were used: (1) the experimental treatment group was provided the instructional packet; and (2) the control treatment group was provided a list of problem areas, study questions, suggested references, and learner needs outlined in the instructional packet. Teachers in the control group were ...


The Parameters Of Student Legal Responsibility As Delineated In Or Developed From Reported Federal Court Decisions Rendered Between February, 1969, And January, 1983 , Larry Dean Bartlett Jan 1983

The Parameters Of Student Legal Responsibility As Delineated In Or Developed From Reported Federal Court Decisions Rendered Between February, 1969, And January, 1983 , Larry Dean Bartlett

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to review federal court decisions regarding student rights and responsibilities decided and reported between the rendering of the United States Supreme Court decision in Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District and the end of 1982, in an attempt to determine express and inferential delineations of legal responsibilities of students in the public school setting. Special attention was devoted to those decisions which were lost by students and their parents and those which contained expressed and inferential limits on the exercise of students' rights under the constitution. The term "student responsibilities" was used ...


Motivational Orientations Of Participants In Elderhostels , Mabel Dianna Edlow Jan 1983

Motivational Orientations Of Participants In Elderhostels , Mabel Dianna Edlow

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose was to determine the motivational orientations of older adults attending Elderhostels at universities in Iowa and Nebraska. Objectives were to determine reasons given by older adults participating in Elderhostels; determine the relationship of variables such as age, sex, marital status, income, educational level, occupation, previous participation in Elderhostels, subject enrolled in, and place of residence; develop a model of motives for participation of older adults in Elderhostel and compare results of this study to those of previous studies;Older adults attending the University of Northern Iowa Elderhostel participated in the study. In addition, a small random sample of ...


The Woman Doctorate, Her Doctoral Study, And Postdoctoral Career Development , Gillian Elliott Smith Jan 1983

The Woman Doctorate, Her Doctoral Study, And Postdoctoral Career Development , Gillian Elliott Smith

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Increasing numbers of women are earning doctorate degrees each year, and women constitute an increasing proportion of new doctorate recipients, but women doctoral students and graduates are a small minority of all women, and a minority in almost all fields of study and work settings, which sets them apart as a group subject to a peculiar set of problems;The first study of women doctorate holders was made in 1930, yet this study has seldom been referenced by other researchers, and comparisons of more recent women doctorate recipients with their earliest counterparts have not been made. Despite subsequent research, the ...


A Study Of Institutional Change: Faculty Reactions To A Change From A Quarter To A Semester Calendar , Shirley C. Karas Jan 1983

A Study Of Institutional Change: Faculty Reactions To A Change From A Quarter To A Semester Calendar , Shirley C. Karas

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study represents the first phase of a projected five-year institutional research project at Iowa State University. It was designed to assess the change in stated faculty perceptions of the learning environment under quarter and semester calendars along with changes in perception of calendar transition and general academic environment between spring 1981 and spring 1982. ISU shifted from a quarter to semester program in fall 1981;Faculty involvement in decisions on shifts in the calendar was emphasized in a summary of calendar changes since the late 1800s and a chronology of events taking place just prior to the change and ...


Factors Underlying The Grading Attitude Of Industrial Education Instructors At Midwestern State Universities , Anusorn Skulkhu Jan 1983

Factors Underlying The Grading Attitude Of Industrial Education Instructors At Midwestern State Universities , Anusorn Skulkhu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this study were to factor analyze the grading attitude of the industrial education instructors from midwestern state universities and to compare the factors of grading attitude of the instructors who differed in sex, number of years of college teaching, academic rank, highest education degree attained, number of college credits of educational evaluation completed, and type of courses taught;A seven-point Likert-type grading attitude survey was developed by the investigator. The randomly selected sample to whom the survey instrument was administered consisted of one hundred ninety-four industrial education instructors who taught at midwestern state universities. Factor analysis and ...


A Food Purchasing Behavior Device For Upper Elementary Students , Shirley Cline Gilmore Jan 1983

A Food Purchasing Behavior Device For Upper Elementary Students , Shirley Cline Gilmore

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to develop a group-administered needs assessment device in the area of food purchasing for upper elementary students. Food purchasing concepts were identified as the basis for developing the device. These concepts were product quality, food labeling, and shopping techniques. Specific behaviors were determined for each concept and these behaviors were depicted in 29 black and white pictures. Students selected one of three options to indicate their typical behavor and wrote a reason for the choice of option;Content validity was established by nutrition specialists. A total of 998 fifth and sixth grade students from ...


Personnel Management Skills: Measurement Of Achievement Of Dietetic Students , Lynne Ellen Baltzer Jan 1983

Personnel Management Skills: Measurement Of Achievement Of Dietetic Students , Lynne Ellen Baltzer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

An achievement test was developed that assessed both lower and higher levels of cognitive achievement in personnel management of Coordinated Undergraduate Program in Dietetics (CUP-D) students. The personnel management competencies used to develop the test were those required of CUP-D with a general emphasis as specified in the minimum competency list of The American Dietetic Association (1973);A table of specifications was established based on the minimum competencies and personnel management course outlines from CUP-D. The content areas were managerial process, human behavior, and labor economics. Cognitive levels of knowledge, comprehension, application and analysis, and evaluation were used for the ...


An Analysis Of Selected Personal Factors Related To Effective Teaching In Secondary Schools , Earl F. Bridgewater Jan 1983

An Analysis Of Selected Personal Factors Related To Effective Teaching In Secondary Schools , Earl F. Bridgewater

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major problem for this research was to identify differences in personality characteristics among secondary teachers classified by performance levels, with the intent of improving selection procedures. To accomplish this task, data were collected from three personality inventories which were administered to 177 stratified, randomly-selected teachers who had been evaluated as either meeting or exceeding district standards by their supervisors. The teachers represented various teaching areas, ages, and levels of educational training;Responses from the 177 subjects on each of the three personality inventories were subjected to three two-way multivariate analyses of variance. After computing the Manova, the Wilks-Lambda was ...


The Effects Of Meta-Model Questioning And Empathic Responding On Concreteness In Client Statements And Client Ratings Of Anxiety And Counselor Attractiveness, Expertness, And Trustworthiness , Eldon Lee Vander Zyl Jan 1983

The Effects Of Meta-Model Questioning And Empathic Responding On Concreteness In Client Statements And Client Ratings Of Anxiety And Counselor Attractiveness, Expertness, And Trustworthiness , Eldon Lee Vander Zyl

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The effects of the meta-model questioning strategy from Neuro-Linguistic Programming were compared to the effects of an empathic responding strategy in the initial counseling interview. Seventy-two clients were obtained from a pool of undergraduate psychology student volunteers. Two graduate students majoring in counselor education served as the counselors and were trained to deliver the two counseling strategies. A four group design was used for the investigation. Clients were assigned at random to one of the two counselors and to one of the two counseling strategies. Each client was treated in one thirty-minute interview;Five dependent variables were identified to assess ...


The Effects Of Classroom Observation By Principals On Conference Climate And Classroom Performance Of Teachers , Timothy Robert Westerberg Jan 1983

The Effects Of Classroom Observation By Principals On Conference Climate And Classroom Performance Of Teachers , Timothy Robert Westerberg

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Principals and other supervisors are usually charged with the responsibility of promoting staff development through teacher supervision. In view of the conflicting views held by teachers, supervisors and researchers regarding the merits of classroom observation, the purpose of this study was to determine the effects of classroom observation by principals on conference climate and the classroom performance of teachers;This study was conducted during the 1981-82 school year in seven elementary and secondary schools. The teachers in each school were divided equally into three experimental groups, each representing a different combination of observations and conferences;The effects of the treatments ...


Comparison Of Student Perceptions Of The Learning Environment During An Academic Calendar Change , David Spaulding Kelley Jan 1983

Comparison Of Student Perceptions Of The Learning Environment During An Academic Calendar Change , David Spaulding Kelley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This is the second phase of a longitudinal research project to determine the effects on the learning environment of the change from a quarter system to a semester system form of academic calendar at Iowa State University. The null hypotheses for this part of the project were: (1) There will be no change in the student's perception of the learning environment between Year 1 (quarter system) and Year 2 (semester system). (2) The degree of change as reflected by difference scores will not be related to the independent variables studied. (3) Within subgroups of the selected variables, there will ...


Development And Validation Of A Measure Of Computer Anxiety , Matthew M. Maurer Jan 1983

Development And Validation Of A Measure Of Computer Anxiety , Matthew M. Maurer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The potential of the computer is very high; however, a computer is only a servant to those using it, and beyond that, it has little value. To obtain the benefits of this powerful machine, lay individuals in the society are probably going to have to consciously choose to use computers. Superficially, this may seem very simple, but there is at least one major impediment that prevents many from making the choice to use computers. Many have a sense of anxiety approaching fear when they interact with machines, especially computers.


The Acquisition Of English Infinitival Sentential Complementation By Adult Speakers Of Arabic, Badia Saleh Nadra Jan 1983

The Acquisition Of English Infinitival Sentential Complementation By Adult Speakers Of Arabic, Badia Saleh Nadra

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to determine the difficulties encountered by Arabic speakers in the acquisition of the subcategorization features of infinitive verbs (i.e., verbs which can take the infinitive complement). Subcategorization features are used in the correct selection of the complement-type each verb allows.


An Analysis Of The Quality And Effectiveness Of Teachers' Job Improvement Targets , William D. Rauhauser Jan 1983

An Analysis Of The Quality And Effectiveness Of Teachers' Job Improvement Targets , William D. Rauhauser

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of this study was to analyze job improvement targets (JITs) written for, by, or with teachers and the elements of the target and/or process of its development that affect a teacher's commitment to accomplish the target. Attention was focused on (1) the teacher summative evaluation report, (2) the quality of the target, (3) the teachers' perceptions of the target, and (4) the teachers' commitment to accomplishing the target;Subjects were 246 teachers evaluated in the School Improvement Model (SIM) project during the 1981-82 school year. This project was conducted by the Research Institute for Studies ...


An Investigation Of The Academic Performance Of Student-Athletes Playing Football At Iowa State University , Debra L. Stuart Jan 1983

An Investigation Of The Academic Performance Of Student-Athletes Playing Football At Iowa State University , Debra L. Stuart

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the assumption that intercollegiate student-athletes are poor students with weak academic preparation and performance. Scholarship student-athletes entering Iowa State University in 1977 through 1980 to play football were matched to non-athletes by entry date, race, and major. Hypotheses were tested for significant differences (p (LESSTHEQ) .05) in the areas of (1) academic preparation (high school rank, high grade-point average, semesters of high school mathematics, ACT score, Minnesota Scholastic Aptitude Test Score, and Mathematics Placement Examination scores), (2) academic performance after two years of college (grade-point average, credit hours, English grade, and courses ...


The Urban High School Principal: A Comparative Inquiry Into Leader Behaviors And Their Association With Student Achievement , Charles Robert Brown Jan 1983

The Urban High School Principal: A Comparative Inquiry Into Leader Behaviors And Their Association With Student Achievement , Charles Robert Brown

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to determine which factors relating to leader behaviors contribute most to high student achievement in urban innercity high schools. The measures of leader effectiveness used in this investigation were those ratings taken from instruments developed by the New York School Improvement Project, the National Study of School Evaluation, The Northwest Area Foundation's School Improvement Project and a study of Principals' Performances in High Priority Competency Areas, University of Texas; Both descriptive and inferential procedures were used to analyze data from the responses of superintendents, principals, teachers, students and parents from six St. Louis innercity high ...


Effects Of Goals And Expectations On Participation In Adult Vocational Supplemental Education Programs , Shirley Mae Kolner Jan 1983

Effects Of Goals And Expectations On Participation In Adult Vocational Supplemental Education Programs , Shirley Mae Kolner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The problem under investigation in this research was the effects of goals and expectations on participation in adult vocational supplemental education programs. The study used Boshier's Education Participation Scale (EPS) to test Cross' model for understanding participation in adult education activities;The study was conducted on preregistrants in adult vocational supplemental education courses at Des Moines Area Community College during the 1982 fall quarter. Based upon participation, preregistrants were divided into three groups--persisters, nonpersisters, and nonparticipants. The preregistrants were asked to complete the EPS and a demographic data sheet;Analysis of variance was applied to the data to examine ...


Selecting Criteria For Evaluation Of School Principals Based Upon Item Discrimination Power And Job Situation , Ellen E. Look Jan 1983

Selecting Criteria For Evaluation Of School Principals Based Upon Item Discrimination Power And Job Situation , Ellen E. Look

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted during 1982 with the purpose of identifying items for the evaluation of school principals based upon item discrimination power and job situation. A total of 1,393 subjects participated;In the first phase of the study, teachers, principals, and superintendents or principal supervisors rated the performance of a designated principal on 50 items. Discriminating items, or items which measure differences, were identified using a modified ANOVA procedure. A Cronbach alpha reliability coefficient was calculated for all items identified as discriminating;In the second phase of the study, a different group of subjects rated the importance and ...


Administrative Management And Perceived Importance Of Agriculture Work Experience Programs At Two-Year Post-Secondary Institutions Of Iowa , Rajab Ali Memon Jan 1983

Administrative Management And Perceived Importance Of Agriculture Work Experience Programs At Two-Year Post-Secondary Institutions Of Iowa , Rajab Ali Memon

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study was designed to analyze the perceptions of students, faculty members, and cooperating employers about the value of two-year post-secondary agriculture work experience programs in Iowa. It also aimed at analyzing administrator perceptions about selected aspects of administrative management of these programs;For the survey of perceptions, a stratified random sample was drawn comprising 183 respondents which included 100 students in agricultural production and agribusiness programs, 50 cooperating employers, and 33 faculty members at six Iowa two-year post-secondary institutions. These respondents were asked to rate 40 items of importance of work experience education on a scale of 1 to ...


An Experimental Evaluation Of A Resource Packet On Delegation For Ffa Officer Training , Anna Beth Neason Jan 1983

An Experimental Evaluation Of A Resource Packet On Delegation For Ffa Officer Training , Anna Beth Neason

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A resource packet for FFA officer training was developed to help officers operate the local FFA chapter as a member-centered organization and to train them in methods of delegation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the resource packet;Specific objectives for the study were (1) to determine relationships among specified variables--tendency to delegate, respondent types, chapter/advisor characteristics, chapter activeness, and chapter achievement; and (2) to evaluate the packet by comparing the chapter achievement measures of the three treatment groups;All FFA chapters in Iowa were the population for the study. Sixty randomly selected chapters ...


Five Black Educators: Founders Of Schools In The South, 1881-1915 , Arnold Cooper Jan 1983

Five Black Educators: Founders Of Schools In The South, 1881-1915 , Arnold Cooper

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation is to present an analysis of the educational history and philosophy of five black educators who founded schools in the South between 1881, the year that Booker T. Washington's Tuskegee Institute was established, and 1915, the year that Washington died, and who wrote published autobiographies during the same period. Specifically, the political and racial factors that influenced the programs of each school were examined, the development of six features of each institution--students, alumni, faculty, curriculum, extension, and fund raising--was traced from the founding of each school until the publication of the founder's autobiography ...


Creation And Testing Of A Prescriptive-Diagnostic Staff Development Instrument For K-12 Teachers , Nancy Kinn Schycker Jan 1983

Creation And Testing Of A Prescriptive-Diagnostic Staff Development Instrument For K-12 Teachers , Nancy Kinn Schycker

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this investigation was to develop and field-test diagnostic-prescriptive staff development instruments to assess knowledge of inservice programs, and to determine if specific entry-level knowledge is a function of the participant's sex, experience, education, or philosophy of education. A causal-comparative design was utilized;The main portion of the data gathered was derived from the staffs of five K-12 school organizations involved in a four-year research project with a major university. The project focused on improving teacher and administrator performance as a means of improving student achievement. The consortium (School Improvement Model) represented diversity in terms of school ...


Validating Measures Of Theoretical Constructs Useful In Examining College Persistence , Margaret Anna O'Toole Healy Jan 1983

Validating Measures Of Theoretical Constructs Useful In Examining College Persistence , Margaret Anna O'Toole Healy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined persistence in college using the model proposed by Spady (1970) and modified by Tinto (1975) in which students must be adequately regulated by the institution's values and goals in order to achieve goal commitment and must be adequately integrated into the social system of the institution in order to achieve institutional commitment. The purpose of this study was to develop reliable measures of the concepts, goal commitment and institutional commitment, and to validate them in terms of whether or not they are useful in identifying direct-from-high-school students who will or will not satisfactorily persist from the ...


Overview And Analysis Of Agricultural Programs In Higher Education In Costa Rica , D. Craig Anderson Jan 1983

Overview And Analysis Of Agricultural Programs In Higher Education In Costa Rica , D. Craig Anderson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Programs of instruction in agriculture within higher education is a subject which has seldom been studied in Latin America. Yet, during the past two decades, the number of agricultural career programs in Latin American universities has increased significantly. This dissertation describes and analyzes the programs of instruction in agriculture within the system of higher education in Costa Rica, including the results of a follow-up study conducted among graduates of the Agronomy Faculty of the University of Costa Rica (UCR);A general overview and description of the agricultural programs in each higher education institution in Costa Rica were presented. This revealed ...


Construction Techniques Used On Women's Dresses And Wraps During The 1860s, Patricia Marie Haviland Jan 1983

Construction Techniques Used On Women's Dresses And Wraps During The 1860s, Patricia Marie Haviland

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/10461935


Factors Influencing College Basketball Players To Attend Selected Ncaa Division I Colleges, Ncaa Division Ii Colleges Or Naia Colleges Or Ncaa Division Iii Colleges, Norman M. Swaim Jan 1983

Factors Influencing College Basketball Players To Attend Selected Ncaa Division I Colleges, Ncaa Division Ii Colleges Or Naia Colleges Or Ncaa Division Iii Colleges, Norman M. Swaim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Persuasion And Instructional Media: The Use Of A Fear Provoking Videotape To Change Attitudes Toward Smoking In Field Dependent/Independent College Students, Timothy Lee Berry Jan 1983

Persuasion And Instructional Media: The Use Of A Fear Provoking Videotape To Change Attitudes Toward Smoking In Field Dependent/Independent College Students, Timothy Lee Berry

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/9559126