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Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

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Full-Text Articles in Education

A Culture Of Technical Knowledge: Professionalizing Science And Engineering Education In Late-Nineteenth Century America, Paul Nienkamp Jan 2008

A Culture Of Technical Knowledge: Professionalizing Science And Engineering Education In Late-Nineteenth Century America, Paul Nienkamp

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This manuscript examines the intellectual, cultural, and practical approaches to science and engineering education as a part of the land-grant college movement in the Midwest between the 1850s and early 1900s. These land-grant institutions began and grew within unique frontier societies that both cherished self-reliance and diligently worked to make themselves part of the larger national experience. College administrators and professors encountered rapidly changing public expectations, regional needs, and employment requirements. They recognized a dire need for technically skilled men and women who could quickly adapt to changes in equipment and processes, and implement advances in scientific knowledge in American ...


The Land, It's Everything: Women Farmland Owners And The Institution Of Agricultural Conservation In The U.S. Midwest, Jean Crim Eells Jan 2008

The Land, It's Everything: Women Farmland Owners And The Institution Of Agricultural Conservation In The U.S. Midwest, Jean Crim Eells

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This institutional ethnography was undertaken to address the problematic that far fewer women than men participate in the institution of agricultural conservation despite the fact that about the same numbers of men and women own roughly equal amounts of agricultural land in the U.S. Midwest. The institution of agricultural conservation---governmental agencies and private non-profit organizations---provides conservation services such as technical assistance and funding to clients, private farmland owners, who implement conservation practices on their lands.;As a qualitative research methodology, institutional ethnography (IE) is a way to examine otherwise intractable or elusive problems that exist on an institutional level ...


Gender Differences In Subject-Specific Academic Performance Predicted By Self-Efficacy And Interests Of 12th Grade Indian Students, Asha Stephen Jan 2008

Gender Differences In Subject-Specific Academic Performance Predicted By Self-Efficacy And Interests Of 12th Grade Indian Students, Asha Stephen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

While in the United States, more and more women are now entering the previously male-dominated science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) professions, not much vocational research on women in STEM careers has been conducted in India, where the traditionally patrifocal culture typically affords limited career choices and educational opportunities to women. This study used structural equation modeling (SEM) to assess potential gender differences in subject-specific self-efficacy, interests and academic performance of 316 high school students from a large city in India. The influence of other contextual factors such as tracking and parental education was also examined. Results indicated definite gender ...


Analysis Of Policy And Educational Approaches Within The Seattle Recycling Program, Ryan Joel Six Jan 2008

Analysis Of Policy And Educational Approaches Within The Seattle Recycling Program, Ryan Joel Six

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study aims to deepen our understanding of the policy and educational approaches within the Seattle, Washington residential recycling program. Through an analysis of Seattle's policy approaches and the role of education, this study makes recommendations for both its improvement and other communities looking to bolster and or implement their own recycling program. To guide the recommendations, it was necessary to find how a recycling program can target a broad audience to create more awareness and reach those in the community that have not been involved. Straughan (1999) noted that the success of a community's' recycling program relies ...


Aporia-Triggered Knowledge Construction: The Use Of Interviews And A Focus Group To Further Assess Science Writing Heuristic Impact On Participating Teachers, Ryan Robert Kelly Jan 2008

Aporia-Triggered Knowledge Construction: The Use Of Interviews And A Focus Group To Further Assess Science Writing Heuristic Impact On Participating Teachers, Ryan Robert Kelly

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study stems from an examination of writing samples generated by the Science Writing Heuristic (SWH)---a multi-year longitudinal study that employs a teaching methodology meant to investigate the impact of connecting science learning with literacy---with additional insight generated by discourse analysis of teacher interviews and a focus group.;Among this study's goals are the investigation of the role of these writing samples within the practice of education, the use of writing as vehicle for the construction of knowledge, and the role of these samples within the larger SWH. More specifically, this study hopes to unlock connections between its ...


Process And Impact Evaluation Of The Verb Summer Scorecard Program, Travis William Hartke Jan 2008

Process And Impact Evaluation Of The Verb Summer Scorecard Program, Travis William Hartke

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There is currently a considerable public health concern about levels of inactivity in youth. This type of information has led to many state and national initiatives aimed at promoting physical activity, such as the VERB Summer Scorecard Program in Story County, Iowa where tweens (children ages 8 to 13) can complete a VERB Scorecard of physical activity by going to physically active activities and deals at businesses in the community with the outcome of earning prizes. The purpose of the study was to determine factors that influence interest and involvement in the VERB summer scorecard program. To do this, a ...


Stability Of Career Aspirations: A Test Of Gottfredson's Theory Of Circumscription And Compromise, Kate E. Junk Jan 2008

Stability Of Career Aspirations: A Test Of Gottfredson's Theory Of Circumscription And Compromise, Kate E. Junk

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Gottfredson's (1981) developmental theory of career choices was evaluated using longitudinal data. This study builds on previous research into Gottfredson's model by addressing methodological issues in the confounding of sex type, prestige, and interest measures when measuring expressed career choices by statistically controlling for the inter-relations among these variables in the analyses. Participants were 2,353 women enrolled at the Seven College Conference Schools and 321 men enrolled at Harvard and Vassar. Expressed career preferences were coded for sex type, prestige, and the Things/People and Data/Ideas interest dimension. Stability of expressed career choices over a one ...


Bringing Ecocomposition To A Multimodal Composition Course: Critical Literacy And Place At Work In English 250, Londie Theresa Martin Jan 2008

Bringing Ecocomposition To A Multimodal Composition Course: Critical Literacy And Place At Work In English 250, Londie Theresa Martin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to explore how the interaction between ecocomposition and (eco)feminist pedagogy can create generative spaces for critical literacies and reflexive thinking in the multimodal composition classroom. A review of scholarship in ecocomposition praxis reveals a need for further inquiry into ecocomposition as a multimodal experience. This research study seeks to better understand how ecocomposition and multimodal communication can encourage the acquisition of critical literacy in foundational composition courses by examining student work on two communication assignments: a personal narrative essay about a meaningful place and a multimodal documentary photo essay about a local place ...


Educational Outcomes Of Children With Absent-Fathers: An Examination Of Children With Deceased Fathers And Children With Fathers Absent For Other Reasons Compared With Children With Fathers Present In A Two-Parent Home, Brandie Marie Ward Jan 2008

Educational Outcomes Of Children With Absent-Fathers: An Examination Of Children With Deceased Fathers And Children With Fathers Absent For Other Reasons Compared With Children With Fathers Present In A Two-Parent Home, Brandie Marie Ward

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Educational outcomes for children with fathers absent due to death and those absent for other reasons were examined with children from two-parent homes using the Adolescent Health data. Children without fathers for any reason completed a year less of school than children living with two parents. Children with deceased fathers and children with fathers absent for other reasons did not differ in the amount of education each completed. There was no association between the child's age when the father died and the amount of education completed, but there was a small relationship between the length of time a child ...


Circles Of Support: Towards A Liberatory Pedagogy For Community Education, Chad William Timm Jan 2008

Circles Of Support: Towards A Liberatory Pedagogy For Community Education, Chad William Timm

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation is to examine a unique attempt at community education where a grassroots community based organization collaborated with a local public school system in order to help low-income families leave poverty. It explores the relationship between a private organization dedicated to eliminating the structural barriers low-income families face, called Circles of Support and a public school system dedicated to helping low-income students meet the proficiency mandates of No Child Left Behind.;Using interview and observational data, this critical institutional ethnography describes the 4-year collaboration between Circles of Support and a public school system, which ultimately ended ...


Mission Possible: Skills 2010--A Study Of Kirkwood Community College's Employers' Skills And Education Needs, Dee Baird Jan 2008

Mission Possible: Skills 2010--A Study Of Kirkwood Community College's Employers' Skills And Education Needs, Dee Baird

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

How do employers in a rural seven-county region in the middle of the United States compete in an international market? And how does the local community college help? These questions need to be answered on an ongoing basis in order for the region served by Kirkwood Community College in Cedar Rapids, Iowa to stay economically viable and for the College to fulfill its mission. The purpose of this dissertation was to conduct a research study to inform Kirkwood, as well as appropriate economic development partners and the community, about education and skill needs of employers.;Questions guiding the research were ...


Second Fiddle?: An Interpretive Study Of Followers Of Servant Leaders, Shirley Ruth Oetjen Beaver Jan 2008

Second Fiddle?: An Interpretive Study Of Followers Of Servant Leaders, Shirley Ruth Oetjen Beaver

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the follower experiences of five nursing educators led by servant leaders in two institutions of higher education. One institution was a small, private, religiously-affiliated college and the other was a large public university. The data collected provided insight into the phenomenon of followership, focusing on the meaning of what it is like to be a follower who is led by a servant leader.;An interpretive research methodology was used for the qualitative study which included interviews with five nursing educators who shared their experiences of being led by a servant leader. The ...


An Exploration Of Perceptions Of Associate Of Science In Nursing Students Related To Transcultural Nursing Experiences, Susan Jane Woody Rhoades Jan 2008

An Exploration Of Perceptions Of Associate Of Science In Nursing Students Related To Transcultural Nursing Experiences, Susan Jane Woody Rhoades

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Transcultural nursing theory (Leininger, 1995) goes beyond or transcends cultural boundaries, and examining and cultivates an appreciation of human beings, their cultures, histories, and values. Assessment of values, histories, needs, and expectations assists in providing culturally competent patient care. Transcultural nursing courses are an integral part of nursing education.;The qualitative study examines perceptions of 6 Associate of Science in Nursing students related to transcultural nursing experiences in college and clinical education. This study explores what influence, if any, gender has in their experiences.;The interpretive study uses semistructured interviewing during focus group and interview meetings. The interviewer solicited responses ...


The Community College Presidency In The New Millennium: Gender Differences In Leadership Preparation, Alethea F. Stubbe Jan 2008

The Community College Presidency In The New Millennium: Gender Differences In Leadership Preparation, Alethea F. Stubbe

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Community colleges educate nearly half of all students in higher education. With the majority of presidents, upper-level administrators and faculty nearing retirement, community colleges are in the midst of a serious leadership shortage, and a potential leadership crisis. In addition, the community college presidency is changing nationwide to meet 21st century challenges of higher education, requiring a different set of traits, skills, and abilities for effective leadership. Given the complex, changing role of community colleges and their leaders and dwindling numbers of qualified candidates to meet the need for new leaders, the purpose of this study was to develop a ...


Faculty And Student Experiences With Clickers: A Qualitative Exploration Of Engaging Students In Higher-Level Thinking, Jennifer Ann Diers Jan 2008

Faculty And Student Experiences With Clickers: A Qualitative Exploration Of Engaging Students In Higher-Level Thinking, Jennifer Ann Diers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Research has shown that personal response systems, or clickers, are motivating and engaging for students in higher education. This phenomenological, qualitative study focuses on the exploration of the experiences of faculty and students using personal response systems in the college classroom. An understanding of instructor and student experiences with clickers is provided. In addition, the manner in which this sample of instructors is implementing clickers in their classrooms is compared to Bloom's taxonomy of cognitive domains. Instructors view the clicker as an evolving strategy that improves their teaching, increases student engagement and attendance, and makes classroom teaching more fun ...


Leadership Preparation And Career Pathways Of Community College Presidents, Gregory R. Schmitz Jan 2008

Leadership Preparation And Career Pathways Of Community College Presidents, Gregory R. Schmitz

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The role of community colleges is in a state of change and, at the same time, the need for new leaders is greater than ever before as many seasoned presidents near retirement. To exacerbate the problem, the pool of qualified candidates is reduced by the high number of senior administrators who are also approaching retirement. Past and present community college presidents are represented by a relatively homogenous group, which does not mirror the current gender and ethnic diversity of the students they serve. These leaders travel predominately to the presidency through a single career path---from academic positions. The purpose of ...


Faculty Technology Mentoring: How Graduate Student Mentors Benefit From Technology Mentoring Relationship, Sonmez Pamuk Jan 2008

Faculty Technology Mentoring: How Graduate Student Mentors Benefit From Technology Mentoring Relationship, Sonmez Pamuk

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Literature on the concept of mentoring in general and technology mentoring specifically indicated that studies have investigated mentoring relationships in different settings and reported benefits for the less experienced mentoring partner. However, existing literature was limited in providing insights about mentoring from the more experienced partner's point of view. But, to establish sustainable and beneficial mentoring relationships, studies suggested that understanding mentor's reactions to the experience is necessary.;For that reason, the main purpose of this study was to examine a faculty technology mentoring program at a Midwestern university from the perspective of graduate students' who served as ...


Transforming Teacher Education To Support Multicultural Technology Pedagogy: An Assessment Of Preservice Teachers' Beliefs About Multiculturalism And Diversity, Audrey Denise Bowser Jan 2008

Transforming Teacher Education To Support Multicultural Technology Pedagogy: An Assessment Of Preservice Teachers' Beliefs About Multiculturalism And Diversity, Audrey Denise Bowser

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Because schools are becoming increasingly diverse, a significant role of teacher preparation programs is to prepare its prospective teachers with the knowledge, skills, and dispositions to help all students learn. In understanding the responsibility to prepare preservice teachers for working with diverse populations and implementing an effective multicultural curriculum, teacher education programs recognize the imperative that preservice teachers must be trained as technologically competent teachers who can skillfully integrate technology in culturally diverse classrooms. Within the context of teacher education, this research is rooted in social reconstructionist theory (Sleeter & Grant, 2003) based upon a critical multicultural conceptual framework interwoven with critical pedagogy (Freire, 1996; McLaren, 2003). This research study assessed preservice teachers' personal and professional ...


Becoming More Resilient: Perceptions Of Resiliency Development Education In Post-Secondary Students, Kristine Myhrwold Meyer Jan 2008

Becoming More Resilient: Perceptions Of Resiliency Development Education In Post-Secondary Students, Kristine Myhrwold Meyer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Students leaving home for college face new challenges and adversities as they experience newfound independence. Their abilities to be resilient or to bounce back from various challenges determine their successes as students and eventually throughout life. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore the perceptions of eleven students who participated in resiliency development education (RDE) during the first semester of their freshmen year at college and to explore the meaning they discovered in their experience with resiliency education.;The themes ubiquitous within this study were: (1) the efficacy of learning resiliency through the pedagogy of storytelling; (2) the ...


Exploring The Congruence Of Ethnic Minority Millennial Students' Transition To College, Social Identity And Community, And Online Social Network Services, Rex Heer Jan 2008

Exploring The Congruence Of Ethnic Minority Millennial Students' Transition To College, Social Identity And Community, And Online Social Network Services, Rex Heer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Students who are transitioning from high school to college are faced with separating from family, friends, and a familiar environment---and adjusting to new physical, social, and academic environments, and increased freedom as well as responsibilities. As a result of pre-college experiences, some individuals have been preconditioned for the social and academic aspects of the transition to college; while others (e.g., first-generation college students, socioeconomically disadvantaged, ethnic minorities, etc.) are more likely to be less prepared, face more unknowns, and confront wider social and academic transitional gaps.;This thesis includes a literature review that covers (a) theory related to the ...


Culture, Context, And Communication: Developing A Culturally Sensitive Curriculum In Graphic Design Education, Renee J. Meyer Jan 2008

Culture, Context, And Communication: Developing A Culturally Sensitive Curriculum In Graphic Design Education, Renee J. Meyer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Living in the fast-paced and ever-changing corporate world of today, it has become very easy for society---including designers themselves---to forget or confuse the identity and intrinsic cultural value of the graphic designer. Flaws such as these do not just suffocate the credibility of designers, but ultimately put the cultures they represent through visual artifacts in a very fragile position. As graphic designers, we are significantly responsible for interpreting and reinterpreting these cultural messages into visual vernaculars suitable for specific target audiences. This research explores how graphic design educators can improve and maintain the designer's integrity through social, cultural, and ...


The Impact Of Flexible Grouping On Reading Achievement For Sixth Grade Students, Jill Marie Reisner Jan 2008

The Impact Of Flexible Grouping On Reading Achievement For Sixth Grade Students, Jill Marie Reisner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A quantitative case study at a three-section Midwestern elementary school examined a current flexible grouping method, with increased numbers of teachers, being implemented in sixth grade classrooms versus the traditional whole group instruction. Using Iowa Test of Basic Skills (ITBS) data, the research analyzed if flexible grouping can significantly increase reading achievement in sixth grade students. The research compared the means of sixth grade students national percentile rank (NPR) of the participating students in the area of reading, on their fifth grade ITBS test to their NPR on their sixth grade ITBS test. Results suggest there was no significant growth ...


The Architectural Design Studio As A Learning Environment: A Qualitative Exploration Of Architecture Design Student Learning Experiences In Design Studios From First- Through Fourth-Yea, Patience Lamunu Opiyo Lueth Jan 2008

The Architectural Design Studio As A Learning Environment: A Qualitative Exploration Of Architecture Design Student Learning Experiences In Design Studios From First- Through Fourth-Yea, Patience Lamunu Opiyo Lueth

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative study addresses the design studio learning experiences of fifth-year architectural students, from their first year to their fourth year. It discusses the descriptions that architecture students give to the learning experiences, describes the perceptions that design students have of their learning experiences, and illuminates the outcomes of these learning experiences. The findings show that the students described their learning experiences as interrelational, perceived the experiences as transitional, and felt that their learning experiences aided in the production of outcomes. The findings were viewed within social constructivist and constructionist viewpoints and were contingent on Chickering and Reisser's model ...


Queenbees And Wannabees: The Struggle For Power Through Bullying In Adolescent Girls, Deann Valorie Miller Jan 2008

Queenbees And Wannabees: The Struggle For Power Through Bullying In Adolescent Girls, Deann Valorie Miller

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this hermeneutic phenomenological study, I explore the lived experience of 5 middle school girls in grades 5-9, who have experienced bullying. My question for this study asks, "What is the lived experience of adolescent girls who have experienced female bullying?" The metaphor of queenbees and wannabees has helped me understand adolescent ways of being in the world as they have been bullied. In addition, understanding the lived experience of female bullying is developed through the exploration of the phenomenological life-world themes of body, time, space, and relationality. The theme of body is examined through physical being, emotional being, and ...


An Equity Analysis Of The Iowa School Funding Model That Addresses The Instructional Support Program And The Influence This Program Has On Student Achievement, Nicholas Joseph Ouellette Jan 2008

An Equity Analysis Of The Iowa School Funding Model That Addresses The Instructional Support Program And The Influence This Program Has On Student Achievement, Nicholas Joseph Ouellette

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Financial equity among school districts across the country has been studied for many years. Research has given mixed reviews that increased funding will equate to higher student achievement. As educators and legislators debate the adequacy and equity of funding for all schools across states and the country, having a strong foundation of research in which to base the discussion is crucial. School funding models must be studied to ensure that all students have an opportunity for an equitable and adequate educational experience.;The purpose of this study was to take a look at the Iowa school funding model and the ...


The Study Of The Impact Of The M.S. In Agronomy Distance Education Program On Student Careers, Jesse Duane Drew Jan 2008

The Study Of The Impact Of The M.S. In Agronomy Distance Education Program On Student Careers, Jesse Duane Drew

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research study was to examine whether the Master of Science in Agronomy Distance Education Program at Iowa State University has had an impact on students' career mobility and economic status. Lifelong learning opportunities for agricultural professionals, like a majority of other field professional are growing exponentially. During the 2004 fall semester, 53 participants in the Master of Science in Agronomy Distance Education Program were given the Distance Education Impact Assessment Survey (DEIAS). Additional knowledge and training for adult students is essential for career advancement, and this research project intends to demonstrate how a Master of Science ...


An Exploratory Study Of Computer Assisted Language Learning (Call) Glosses And Traditional Glosses On Incidental Vocabulary Learning And Spanish Literature Reading Comprehension, Thomas Michael Lage Jan 2008

An Exploratory Study Of Computer Assisted Language Learning (Call) Glosses And Traditional Glosses On Incidental Vocabulary Learning And Spanish Literature Reading Comprehension, Thomas Michael Lage

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The following is an exploratory study investigating the difference in the incidental vocabulary learning (or recall) of Spanish vocabulary while reading for comprehension. A secondary area of investigation is the influence of learner characteristics on gloss access. High-intermediate/low-advanced Spanish students from two sections of the same Spanish course at an American university participated in this study. One group of participants was provided traditional English marginal glosses to the left of the reading while the second group of students was provided with computer-assisted language learning (CALL) glosses. The participants took three constructed response vocabulary post-tests in the following three weeks ...


Teaching Electricity In Elementary, Middle And High School: Some Real Life Examples, Beth Marie Zavala Jan 2008

Teaching Electricity In Elementary, Middle And High School: Some Real Life Examples, Beth Marie Zavala

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The teaching of electricity is described by six teachers at the K-12 grade levels. Their understanding of electricity concepts and their methods of instruction are explored. A list of research based best practices is used to analyze the methods of instruction used by the participants. Recommendations are suggested for the improvement of teaching electricity at the K-12 grade levels.


Composition 2.0: Rethinking Web Literacy For The Twenty-First Century Classroom, Matthew Edward Morain Jan 2008

Composition 2.0: Rethinking Web Literacy For The Twenty-First Century Classroom, Matthew Edward Morain

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis argues for an updated pedagogy of Web literacy in the first-year college composition classroom in light of radical changes to the Web, or what we have come to know as Web 2.0.


The Effect Of Error Codes On Second Language Writing, Mike Gilligan Jan 2008

The Effect Of Error Codes On Second Language Writing, Mike Gilligan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study focused on the ability of ESL students to revise their grammatical errors and produce more accurate writing in the future based on error codes. As the researcher, I analyzed the writing over time of four different students who received error codes. I examined three error types for three of the subjects, and two errors types for the fourth subject. The error types included verb errors, preposition errors, determiner errors and plural/singular confusion errors. I analyzed these errors to determine the correction ability and accuracy on future writing of the students.;The subjects were 4 males, two from ...