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Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

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Full-Text Articles in Education

From Working-Class Origins To Academia: Community College Women Who Have Crossed The Great Class Divide, Lyn A. Brodersen Jan 2008

From Working-Class Origins To Academia: Community College Women Who Have Crossed The Great Class Divide, Lyn A. Brodersen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There is a paucity of research about the experiences of women from working-class families who become faculty or administrators in higher education institutions. Most research and literature about the experiences of female faculty and administrators focus on those women who work in four-year college and university settings. This phenomenology focused on the experiences of nine working-class women who are faculty and administrators at a large, Midwestern, multi-campus community college. The participants shared their perceptions and experiences as children and adolescents in a working-class family, as students, as wives and mothers, and as community college professionals, and how these shaped their ...


The Effect Of Error Codes On Second Language Writing, Mike Gilligan Jan 2008

The Effect Of Error Codes On Second Language Writing, Mike Gilligan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study focused on the ability of ESL students to revise their grammatical errors and produce more accurate writing in the future based on error codes. As the researcher, I analyzed the writing over time of four different students who received error codes. I examined three error types for three of the subjects, and two errors types for the fourth subject. The error types included verb errors, preposition errors, determiner errors and plural/singular confusion errors. I analyzed these errors to determine the correction ability and accuracy on future writing of the students.;The subjects were 4 males, two from ...


Leading Change: The Role Of The Principal Leading School Improvement Through Implementation Of The Iowa Professional Development Model, Pamela Armstrong-Vogel Jan 2008

Leading Change: The Role Of The Principal Leading School Improvement Through Implementation Of The Iowa Professional Development Model, Pamela Armstrong-Vogel

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In 2004, all accredited public schools in Iowa enacted a research-based program to increase student achievement. The Iowa Professional Development Model has outlined a sequence of steps that those in schools should follow. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to discover and understand the behaviors and practices of one school principal in a high-implementation school as he worked with a staff using the Model. Understanding how a principal led staff as the Model was implemented should help to inform others regarding the development of capacity and new knowledge and skills that are needed by those in schools.;Data ...


Exploring The Development Of Information Literacy Concepts Among Community College Students, Lisa Anne Hermann Stock Jan 2008

Exploring The Development Of Information Literacy Concepts Among Community College Students, Lisa Anne Hermann Stock

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the experiences of community college students and their development of the concept of information literacy. The participants' individual definition of information literacy was explored as well as the people, places, and events that helped shape their concept of information literacy. Data were gathered applying narrative inquiry using a combination of interviews and document analysis. It was anticipated that reflection on their prior experiences would illuminate the meaning students make of information literacy, and could help inform instruction for future students.;Information literacy had different meanings to each of the participants. There ...


Educational Outcomes Of Children With Absent-Fathers: An Examination Of Children With Deceased Fathers And Children With Fathers Absent For Other Reasons Compared With Children With Fathers Present In A Two-Parent Home, Brandie Marie Ward Jan 2008

Educational Outcomes Of Children With Absent-Fathers: An Examination Of Children With Deceased Fathers And Children With Fathers Absent For Other Reasons Compared With Children With Fathers Present In A Two-Parent Home, Brandie Marie Ward

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Educational outcomes for children with fathers absent due to death and those absent for other reasons were examined with children from two-parent homes using the Adolescent Health data. Children without fathers for any reason completed a year less of school than children living with two parents. Children with deceased fathers and children with fathers absent for other reasons did not differ in the amount of education each completed. There was no association between the child's age when the father died and the amount of education completed, but there was a small relationship between the length of time a child ...


Their Voices Emerged: A Grounded Theory Of Learning Resilience Among African American Women In The Formal Education Environment, Sandra L. Mcgee Jan 2008

Their Voices Emerged: A Grounded Theory Of Learning Resilience Among African American Women In The Formal Education Environment, Sandra L. Mcgee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Rampant, negative messages about the capabilities of African American women in the education system pervade society. I suggest that these negative messages fail to account for Black women's learning resilience. In this study, the voices of 27 African American women who described their experiences in the formal education environment emerged through interviews, focus groups, observations, and two electronic interactions, participation in a chat room and e-mail exchanges.;This multigenerational study spans 71 years of educational experiences that I organized into five generations that correspond with eras of significance for both the African American culture and the education system. These ...


A Culture Of Technical Knowledge: Professionalizing Science And Engineering Education In Late-Nineteenth Century America, Paul Nienkamp Jan 2008

A Culture Of Technical Knowledge: Professionalizing Science And Engineering Education In Late-Nineteenth Century America, Paul Nienkamp

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This manuscript examines the intellectual, cultural, and practical approaches to science and engineering education as a part of the land-grant college movement in the Midwest between the 1850s and early 1900s. These land-grant institutions began and grew within unique frontier societies that both cherished self-reliance and diligently worked to make themselves part of the larger national experience. College administrators and professors encountered rapidly changing public expectations, regional needs, and employment requirements. They recognized a dire need for technically skilled men and women who could quickly adapt to changes in equipment and processes, and implement advances in scientific knowledge in American ...


Effects Of Multimedia Instructional Material On Students' Learning And Their Perceptions Of The Instruction, Laura Gabriela Yamauchi Jan 2008

Effects Of Multimedia Instructional Material On Students' Learning And Their Perceptions Of The Instruction, Laura Gabriela Yamauchi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present study examined the effects of multimedia instructional material on students' learning and their perceptions of the instruction. A between-group quasi-experimental study design was used for the purpose of this study. One hundred eleven students enrolled in a Quantity Food Production laboratory class in two different semesters were designated to either the control or experimental group. Both groups received traditional instructor-led orientation sessions about table service and beverage preparation procedures. However, the experimental group was only allowed to access new instructional materials presented on DVD. A set of pretest and posttest was used to collect data. Test gain scores ...


Process And Impact Evaluation Of The Verb Summer Scorecard Program, Travis William Hartke Jan 2008

Process And Impact Evaluation Of The Verb Summer Scorecard Program, Travis William Hartke

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There is currently a considerable public health concern about levels of inactivity in youth. This type of information has led to many state and national initiatives aimed at promoting physical activity, such as the VERB Summer Scorecard Program in Story County, Iowa where tweens (children ages 8 to 13) can complete a VERB Scorecard of physical activity by going to physically active activities and deals at businesses in the community with the outcome of earning prizes. The purpose of the study was to determine factors that influence interest and involvement in the VERB summer scorecard program. To do this, a ...


Analysis Of Policy And Educational Approaches Within The Seattle Recycling Program, Ryan Joel Six Jan 2008

Analysis Of Policy And Educational Approaches Within The Seattle Recycling Program, Ryan Joel Six

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study aims to deepen our understanding of the policy and educational approaches within the Seattle, Washington residential recycling program. Through an analysis of Seattle's policy approaches and the role of education, this study makes recommendations for both its improvement and other communities looking to bolster and or implement their own recycling program. To guide the recommendations, it was necessary to find how a recycling program can target a broad audience to create more awareness and reach those in the community that have not been involved. Straughan (1999) noted that the success of a community's' recycling program relies ...


Toward A Humor-Enhanced Classroom, Joseph Patrick Bartolotta Jan 2008

Toward A Humor-Enhanced Classroom, Joseph Patrick Bartolotta

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The inclusion of humor in public discourse has become more prevalent in recent years. While some teachers have worked to include humor in their classrooms, they often fall short of realizing the full potential of humor as a tool for reflection. This thesis examines the mechanisms of humor, beginning with ancient Greek and Roman philosophy and rhetorical considerations of humor through enlightenment and modern-era theories of humor. Ultimately, the text identifies how philosophical hermeneutics, as considered by Hans-Georg Gadamer, can illuminate the reflective qualities of humor. The thesis then imagines a unit in a foundation-level composition course which utilizes humor ...


On Becoming A Geometry Teacher: A Longitudinal Case Study Of One Teacher Learning To Teach Proof, Michelle Cirillo Jan 2008

On Becoming A Geometry Teacher: A Longitudinal Case Study Of One Teacher Learning To Teach Proof, Michelle Cirillo

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

My experiences as a teacher and as a researcher led me to pursue the topic of this dissertation - how a new teacher learns to teach proof to high school geometry students. Through my work on a research project, I became interested in this 10th grade teacher after watching him teach proof for the first time. I anticipated that, not unlike my own experience as a teacher of geometry, this teacher's proof-related teaching and discourse practices would look different in subsequent years. This classroom provided a context for me to study how a beginning teacher, using a conventional textbook, develops ...


Social And Academic Factors Of Success And Retention For Students Of Color At A Predominantly White Institution In Agricultural And Engineering Based Disciplines, Lequetia Natasha Ancar Jan 2008

Social And Academic Factors Of Success And Retention For Students Of Color At A Predominantly White Institution In Agricultural And Engineering Based Disciplines, Lequetia Natasha Ancar

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Being a student of color at a predominantly White institution can be extremely challenging, yet rewarding. For the select students in this mixed methods study, overcoming academic and social hurdles was paramount to their success in science, technology and engineering based disciplines at this large research intensive Midwestern institution. Some of the themes that arose from their academic and social challenges were: feelings of isolation and alienation, demystification of stereotypes, minimal relationships with faculty and staff, inadequate academic advising, and a lack of academic and social preparation and skills. Students of color in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences ...


The Land, It's Everything: Women Farmland Owners And The Institution Of Agricultural Conservation In The U.S. Midwest, Jean Crim Eells Jan 2008

The Land, It's Everything: Women Farmland Owners And The Institution Of Agricultural Conservation In The U.S. Midwest, Jean Crim Eells

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This institutional ethnography was undertaken to address the problematic that far fewer women than men participate in the institution of agricultural conservation despite the fact that about the same numbers of men and women own roughly equal amounts of agricultural land in the U.S. Midwest. The institution of agricultural conservation---governmental agencies and private non-profit organizations---provides conservation services such as technical assistance and funding to clients, private farmland owners, who implement conservation practices on their lands.;As a qualitative research methodology, institutional ethnography (IE) is a way to examine otherwise intractable or elusive problems that exist on an institutional level ...


Becoming More Resilient: Perceptions Of Resiliency Development Education In Post-Secondary Students, Kristine Myhrwold Meyer Jan 2008

Becoming More Resilient: Perceptions Of Resiliency Development Education In Post-Secondary Students, Kristine Myhrwold Meyer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Students leaving home for college face new challenges and adversities as they experience newfound independence. Their abilities to be resilient or to bounce back from various challenges determine their successes as students and eventually throughout life. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore the perceptions of eleven students who participated in resiliency development education (RDE) during the first semester of their freshmen year at college and to explore the meaning they discovered in their experience with resiliency education.;The themes ubiquitous within this study were: (1) the efficacy of learning resiliency through the pedagogy of storytelling; (2) the ...


Cosmetic Technologies Of The Body: An Exploration Of Self And Identity Through The Consumption Of Nonsurgical Cosmetic Procedures, Keila Elizabeth Tyner Jan 2008

Cosmetic Technologies Of The Body: An Exploration Of Self And Identity Through The Consumption Of Nonsurgical Cosmetic Procedures, Keila Elizabeth Tyner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Although much research has been conducted on cosmetic surgery and some research has been conducted on cosmetic use in general, little to no research has explored nonsurgical cosmetic technologies of the body, particularly as a symbolic form of consumption in shaping notions of the self. Thus, the purpose of the present qualitative study was to gain understanding of the consumption of nonsurgical cosmetic technologies of the body from multiple theoretical perspectives. Of particular interest was how this consumption serves as a symbolic means for shaping the self, specifically in the context of self-presentation and impression management (Goffman, 1959).;For this ...


Queenbees And Wannabees: The Struggle For Power Through Bullying In Adolescent Girls, Deann Valorie Miller Jan 2008

Queenbees And Wannabees: The Struggle For Power Through Bullying In Adolescent Girls, Deann Valorie Miller

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this hermeneutic phenomenological study, I explore the lived experience of 5 middle school girls in grades 5-9, who have experienced bullying. My question for this study asks, "What is the lived experience of adolescent girls who have experienced female bullying?" The metaphor of queenbees and wannabees has helped me understand adolescent ways of being in the world as they have been bullied. In addition, understanding the lived experience of female bullying is developed through the exploration of the phenomenological life-world themes of body, time, space, and relationality. The theme of body is examined through physical being, emotional being, and ...


The Impact Of Flexible Grouping On Reading Achievement For Sixth Grade Students, Jill Marie Reisner Jan 2008

The Impact Of Flexible Grouping On Reading Achievement For Sixth Grade Students, Jill Marie Reisner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A quantitative case study at a three-section Midwestern elementary school examined a current flexible grouping method, with increased numbers of teachers, being implemented in sixth grade classrooms versus the traditional whole group instruction. Using Iowa Test of Basic Skills (ITBS) data, the research analyzed if flexible grouping can significantly increase reading achievement in sixth grade students. The research compared the means of sixth grade students national percentile rank (NPR) of the participating students in the area of reading, on their fifth grade ITBS test to their NPR on their sixth grade ITBS test. Results suggest there was no significant growth ...


Holes In The Health Care Safety Net: An Ethnographic Study Of A Free Medical Clinic, Pamela Ann Duffy Jan 2008

Holes In The Health Care Safety Net: An Ethnographic Study Of A Free Medical Clinic, Pamela Ann Duffy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation is to provide insight into the patient and volunteer perspective of their experiences at free medical clinics and, from the analysis of those data, inform health professions education. Many uninsured and underserved patients use the free clinic as their medical home to manage acute and chronic conditions and as a source of prescription medications. The volunteers find their experiences to be a fulfillment of their desire to give back to their community, a way to meet an obligation of professional duty, and hold to the moral belief that they should help those in need. Feminist ...


An Assessment Of Performance Measures In Child Nutrition Programs, Elizabeth Northway Hanna Jan 2008

An Assessment Of Performance Measures In Child Nutrition Programs, Elizabeth Northway Hanna

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

School Child Nutrition Program (CNP) directors are expected to operate efficient, productive, and effective meals programs (Boehrer, 1993; Decker, et al. 1992; USDA, 2008). A variety of performance measures can be used to assess CNPs' operational effectiveness. The purposes of this research were to investigate management and financial attributes perceived by foodservice directors of medium-size public school districts in the United States to impact performance measures for CNPs and investigate whether widely used standards for these performance measures, based on previous research, were relevant due to a variety of changes that had occurred in CNPs.;Two electronic questionnaires were sent ...


Exploring The Congruence Of Ethnic Minority Millennial Students' Transition To College, Social Identity And Community, And Online Social Network Services, Rex Heer Jan 2008

Exploring The Congruence Of Ethnic Minority Millennial Students' Transition To College, Social Identity And Community, And Online Social Network Services, Rex Heer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Students who are transitioning from high school to college are faced with separating from family, friends, and a familiar environment---and adjusting to new physical, social, and academic environments, and increased freedom as well as responsibilities. As a result of pre-college experiences, some individuals have been preconditioned for the social and academic aspects of the transition to college; while others (e.g., first-generation college students, socioeconomically disadvantaged, ethnic minorities, etc.) are more likely to be less prepared, face more unknowns, and confront wider social and academic transitional gaps.;This thesis includes a literature review that covers (a) theory related to the ...


Transforming Teacher Education To Support Multicultural Technology Pedagogy: An Assessment Of Preservice Teachers' Beliefs About Multiculturalism And Diversity, Audrey Denise Bowser Jan 2008

Transforming Teacher Education To Support Multicultural Technology Pedagogy: An Assessment Of Preservice Teachers' Beliefs About Multiculturalism And Diversity, Audrey Denise Bowser

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Because schools are becoming increasingly diverse, a significant role of teacher preparation programs is to prepare its prospective teachers with the knowledge, skills, and dispositions to help all students learn. In understanding the responsibility to prepare preservice teachers for working with diverse populations and implementing an effective multicultural curriculum, teacher education programs recognize the imperative that preservice teachers must be trained as technologically competent teachers who can skillfully integrate technology in culturally diverse classrooms. Within the context of teacher education, this research is rooted in social reconstructionist theory (Sleeter & Grant, 2003) based upon a critical multicultural conceptual framework interwoven with critical pedagogy (Freire, 1996; McLaren, 2003). This research study assessed preservice teachers' personal and professional ...


Evaluation Of The Use Of An Academic Integrity Training Course As A Proactive Measure Encouraging Academic Honesty, Lori Brown Lothringer Jan 2008

Evaluation Of The Use Of An Academic Integrity Training Course As A Proactive Measure Encouraging Academic Honesty, Lori Brown Lothringer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Significant research has been conducted exploring many aspects of academic integrity including the role of an academic honor code. Although academic institutions have created courses and training programs detailing expected academic standards, no published empirical evidence supporting the reliability or validity of such efforts could be located. The purpose of this study was to gather evidence documenting the effectiveness of the Metropolitan Community College Academic Integrity Training Course (MCC AITC). This objective was the cornerstone influencing the research design that included the creation of a treatment mechanism (AITC) consisting of five module quizzes, one pretest, two posttests (posttest1, posttest2), and ...


Understanding Issues Of College Persistence For Undocumented Mexican Immigrant Women From The New Latino Diaspora: A Case Study, Susana Maria Muñoz Jan 2008

Understanding Issues Of College Persistence For Undocumented Mexican Immigrant Women From The New Latino Diaspora: A Case Study, Susana Maria Muñoz

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

National data suggest that Latina immigrant women fare better educationally than their nonimmigrant counterparts in bachelor degree attainment, but does not account for how immigration status impacts college persistence. Using a borderlands theoretical framework, this study examines factors associated with college persistence among a sample of undocumented Mexican immigrant women from a small rural community in the Rocky Mountain region. Chicana feminist epistemological techniques are used to analyze data collected from in-depth interviews from participants and community informants. In addition, a trenzas de identidades multiples (braids of multiple identities) perspective was used helped conceptualize and categorize persistence factors surrounding and ...


Mission Possible: Skills 2010--A Study Of Kirkwood Community College's Employers' Skills And Education Needs, Dee Baird Jan 2008

Mission Possible: Skills 2010--A Study Of Kirkwood Community College's Employers' Skills And Education Needs, Dee Baird

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

How do employers in a rural seven-county region in the middle of the United States compete in an international market? And how does the local community college help? These questions need to be answered on an ongoing basis in order for the region served by Kirkwood Community College in Cedar Rapids, Iowa to stay economically viable and for the College to fulfill its mission. The purpose of this dissertation was to conduct a research study to inform Kirkwood, as well as appropriate economic development partners and the community, about education and skill needs of employers.;Questions guiding the research were ...


Uncertainty And Evolution: Contributions To Identity Development For Female College Students Who Identify As Multiracial/Biracial-Bisexual/Pansexual, Alissa Renee King Jan 2008

Uncertainty And Evolution: Contributions To Identity Development For Female College Students Who Identify As Multiracial/Biracial-Bisexual/Pansexual, Alissa Renee King

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this study, I explored how female college students who identify as multiracial/biracial-bisexual/pansexual made meaning of their racial and sexual identities, how they described their identity development process, and the ways in which college contributed to their identity formation. Utilizing a proposed model of biracial-bisexual identity development and the ecology of student development model as foundations for this study, I sought to better understand the experiences both before and during college, and the impacts of those two environments on the processes of racial and sexual identity formation for the female college students in this study. Findings, based on ...


A Qualitative Study Of The Ways Middle School Teachers Made Meaning Of A Professional Development Program On Cultural Competency, Judith Patch Pauley Jan 2008

A Qualitative Study Of The Ways Middle School Teachers Made Meaning Of A Professional Development Program On Cultural Competency, Judith Patch Pauley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative study examined how and if 5 middle class, white teachers made meaning of professional development designed to foster cultural competency. The training took place in the spring of 2006. The primary district purpose for the mandated professional development program was to assist teachers in reflecting on the cultural barriers between themselves and their students and to promote culturally responsive teaching strategies. The urban middle schools where the study took place are ethnically and socio-economically diverse; one is low achieving. Both middle schools report a significant achievement gap between the minority and majority populations. One year after the conclusion ...


An Equity Analysis Of The Iowa School Funding Model That Addresses The Instructional Support Program And The Influence This Program Has On Student Achievement, Nicholas Joseph Ouellette Jan 2008

An Equity Analysis Of The Iowa School Funding Model That Addresses The Instructional Support Program And The Influence This Program Has On Student Achievement, Nicholas Joseph Ouellette

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Financial equity among school districts across the country has been studied for many years. Research has given mixed reviews that increased funding will equate to higher student achievement. As educators and legislators debate the adequacy and equity of funding for all schools across states and the country, having a strong foundation of research in which to base the discussion is crucial. School funding models must be studied to ensure that all students have an opportunity for an equitable and adequate educational experience.;The purpose of this study was to take a look at the Iowa school funding model and the ...


The Study Of The Impact Of The M.S. In Agronomy Distance Education Program On Student Careers, Jesse Duane Drew Jan 2008

The Study Of The Impact Of The M.S. In Agronomy Distance Education Program On Student Careers, Jesse Duane Drew

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research study was to examine whether the Master of Science in Agronomy Distance Education Program at Iowa State University has had an impact on students' career mobility and economic status. Lifelong learning opportunities for agricultural professionals, like a majority of other field professional are growing exponentially. During the 2004 fall semester, 53 participants in the Master of Science in Agronomy Distance Education Program were given the Distance Education Impact Assessment Survey (DEIAS). Additional knowledge and training for adult students is essential for career advancement, and this research project intends to demonstrate how a Master of Science ...


An Exploration Of Perceptions Of Associate Of Science In Nursing Students Related To Transcultural Nursing Experiences, Susan Jane Woody Rhoades Jan 2008

An Exploration Of Perceptions Of Associate Of Science In Nursing Students Related To Transcultural Nursing Experiences, Susan Jane Woody Rhoades

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Transcultural nursing theory (Leininger, 1995) goes beyond or transcends cultural boundaries, and examining and cultivates an appreciation of human beings, their cultures, histories, and values. Assessment of values, histories, needs, and expectations assists in providing culturally competent patient care. Transcultural nursing courses are an integral part of nursing education.;The qualitative study examines perceptions of 6 Associate of Science in Nursing students related to transcultural nursing experiences in college and clinical education. This study explores what influence, if any, gender has in their experiences.;The interpretive study uses semistructured interviewing during focus group and interview meetings. The interviewer solicited responses ...