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Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Designing A Nutritional Packaging System For End Stage Renal Disease Patients On Hemodialysis To Maintain Their Diet And Health, Min Sun Lee Jan 2008

Designing A Nutritional Packaging System For End Stage Renal Disease Patients On Hemodialysis To Maintain Their Diet And Health, Min Sun Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

End Stage renal disease; or ESRD is a kidney disease that requires a strict dietary regimen in order to limit the life-threatening effects of a poor diet. This dietary regimen requires careful regulation of 8 essential nutrients: calories, proteins, sodium, phosphorous, calcium, potassium, vitamins, and minerals. This strict diet creates a number of complications in patients' lives, including malnutrition, fatigue, other diseases, and death.;The purpose of this study was to develop an appropriate packaging system that provided nutritional information, was appetizing, and focused on the cognitive, affective, and emotional dietary needs of ESRD patients.;The design research for this ...


Their Voices Emerged: A Grounded Theory Of Learning Resilience Among African American Women In The Formal Education Environment, Sandra L. Mcgee Jan 2008

Their Voices Emerged: A Grounded Theory Of Learning Resilience Among African American Women In The Formal Education Environment, Sandra L. Mcgee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Rampant, negative messages about the capabilities of African American women in the education system pervade society. I suggest that these negative messages fail to account for Black women's learning resilience. In this study, the voices of 27 African American women who described their experiences in the formal education environment emerged through interviews, focus groups, observations, and two electronic interactions, participation in a chat room and e-mail exchanges.;This multigenerational study spans 71 years of educational experiences that I organized into five generations that correspond with eras of significance for both the African American culture and the education system. These ...


A Culture Of Technical Knowledge: Professionalizing Science And Engineering Education In Late-Nineteenth Century America, Paul Nienkamp Jan 2008

A Culture Of Technical Knowledge: Professionalizing Science And Engineering Education In Late-Nineteenth Century America, Paul Nienkamp

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This manuscript examines the intellectual, cultural, and practical approaches to science and engineering education as a part of the land-grant college movement in the Midwest between the 1850s and early 1900s. These land-grant institutions began and grew within unique frontier societies that both cherished self-reliance and diligently worked to make themselves part of the larger national experience. College administrators and professors encountered rapidly changing public expectations, regional needs, and employment requirements. They recognized a dire need for technically skilled men and women who could quickly adapt to changes in equipment and processes, and implement advances in scientific knowledge in American ...


Implementing The Science Writing Heuristic Laboratory Report Format In The Undergraduate Organic Chemistry Laboratory, Jacob Daniel Schroeder Jan 2008

Implementing The Science Writing Heuristic Laboratory Report Format In The Undergraduate Organic Chemistry Laboratory, Jacob Daniel Schroeder

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation describes how a traditional organic chemistry laboratory was reformed into a guided inquiry laboratory. Data presented illustrate the lack of correlation between the traditional laboratory and the corresponding lecture. After reforming the laboratory, student scores on lecture exams increased, specifically on exam questions directly related to concepts introduced in the laboratory. This dissertation covers work completed over the course of four years and includes the new laboratory manual, instructor notes for each new experiment, as well as a laboratory practical exam.


An Exploratory Study Of Language And Nonlanguage Factors Affecting Nonnative Undergraduate Students' Reaction To International Teaching Assistants, Edna De Freitas Lima Jan 2008

An Exploratory Study Of Language And Nonlanguage Factors Affecting Nonnative Undergraduate Students' Reaction To International Teaching Assistants, Edna De Freitas Lima

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigates whether language and nonlanguage factors affect international undergraduates' perceptions of international teaching assistants (ITAs). Fifty-five students enrolled in first-year composition classes listened to a short lecture under one of three guises related to nationality of the speaker and rated the lecture and the speaker based on eight response variables. Results indicate that the information provided to participants about the nationality of the speaker did not influence their perception of both lecture and speaker. However, when participants' variables were analyzed, statistically significant results were found for two response variables: accent and speaker likeability. The results for accent indicate ...


Perceptions Of Agricultural Extension Educators Regarding Livestock Waste Management Education In The North Central Region, David Kwaw-Mensah Jan 2008

Perceptions Of Agricultural Extension Educators Regarding Livestock Waste Management Education In The North Central Region, David Kwaw-Mensah

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Livestock production in the United States yields large quantities of livestock waste annually. The North Central region of the United States produces a variety of livestock including swine, cattle and poultry. Livestock waste is a rich source of plant nutrients and organic matter. The environmental risks of pollution associated with livestock waste raises major concerns of agricultural educators, researchers and policy makers. Best management practices have been developed for livestock waste management. There is limited research information regarding livestock waste management education.;The purpose of this study was to identify the perceptions of county extension educators in the North Central ...


Culture, Context, And Communication: Developing A Culturally Sensitive Curriculum In Graphic Design Education, Renee J. Meyer Jan 2008

Culture, Context, And Communication: Developing A Culturally Sensitive Curriculum In Graphic Design Education, Renee J. Meyer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Living in the fast-paced and ever-changing corporate world of today, it has become very easy for society---including designers themselves---to forget or confuse the identity and intrinsic cultural value of the graphic designer. Flaws such as these do not just suffocate the credibility of designers, but ultimately put the cultures they represent through visual artifacts in a very fragile position. As graphic designers, we are significantly responsible for interpreting and reinterpreting these cultural messages into visual vernaculars suitable for specific target audiences. This research explores how graphic design educators can improve and maintain the designer's integrity through social, cultural, and ...


Bringing Ecocomposition To A Multimodal Composition Course: Critical Literacy And Place At Work In English 250, Londie Theresa Martin Jan 2008

Bringing Ecocomposition To A Multimodal Composition Course: Critical Literacy And Place At Work In English 250, Londie Theresa Martin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to explore how the interaction between ecocomposition and (eco)feminist pedagogy can create generative spaces for critical literacies and reflexive thinking in the multimodal composition classroom. A review of scholarship in ecocomposition praxis reveals a need for further inquiry into ecocomposition as a multimodal experience. This research study seeks to better understand how ecocomposition and multimodal communication can encourage the acquisition of critical literacy in foundational composition courses by examining student work on two communication assignments: a personal narrative essay about a meaningful place and a multimodal documentary photo essay about a local place ...


The Role Of Recasts In The Interactions Of Native-Speakers Of English With Korean English Language Learners, Hyunjung Lee Jan 2008

The Role Of Recasts In The Interactions Of Native-Speakers Of English With Korean English Language Learners, Hyunjung Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study partially replicates that of Braidi (2002). Like the original, it investigates occurrences and use of recasts, that is, reformulations of incorrect utterances, in relation to the number of grammatical errors in conversations of NSEs (Native Speakers of English) and NNSEs (Nonnative Speakers of English) and examines whether different types of tasks can affect the occurrences and use of recasts. In contrast to many previous studies, I examine here the occurrences of recasts in non-instructional interactions between NSEs and NNSEs.;Five dyads of American teaching assistants and Korean graduate students at Iowa State University participated in performing two different ...


Context Visuals In L2 Listening Tests: The Effectiveness Of Photographs And Video Vs. Audio-Only Format, Ruslan S. Suvorov Jan 2008

Context Visuals In L2 Listening Tests: The Effectiveness Of Photographs And Video Vs. Audio-Only Format, Ruslan S. Suvorov

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Although visual support in the form of pictures and video has been widely used in language teaching, there appears to be a dearth of research on the role of visual aids in L2 listening tests (Buck, 2000; Ockey, 2007) and the absence of sound theoretical perspectives on this issue (Ginther, 2001; Gruba, 1999). The existing studies of the role of visual support in L2 listening tests yielded inconclusive results. While some studies showed that visuals can improve test-takers' performance on L2 listening tests (e.g., Ginther, 2002), others revealed no facilitative effect of visuals on listening comprehension of test-takers (e ...


The Land, It's Everything: Women Farmland Owners And The Institution Of Agricultural Conservation In The U.S. Midwest, Jean Crim Eells Jan 2008

The Land, It's Everything: Women Farmland Owners And The Institution Of Agricultural Conservation In The U.S. Midwest, Jean Crim Eells

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This institutional ethnography was undertaken to address the problematic that far fewer women than men participate in the institution of agricultural conservation despite the fact that about the same numbers of men and women own roughly equal amounts of agricultural land in the U.S. Midwest. The institution of agricultural conservation---governmental agencies and private non-profit organizations---provides conservation services such as technical assistance and funding to clients, private farmland owners, who implement conservation practices on their lands.;As a qualitative research methodology, institutional ethnography (IE) is a way to examine otherwise intractable or elusive problems that exist on an institutional level ...


Gender Differences In Subject-Specific Academic Performance Predicted By Self-Efficacy And Interests Of 12th Grade Indian Students, Asha Stephen Jan 2008

Gender Differences In Subject-Specific Academic Performance Predicted By Self-Efficacy And Interests Of 12th Grade Indian Students, Asha Stephen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

While in the United States, more and more women are now entering the previously male-dominated science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) professions, not much vocational research on women in STEM careers has been conducted in India, where the traditionally patrifocal culture typically affords limited career choices and educational opportunities to women. This study used structural equation modeling (SEM) to assess potential gender differences in subject-specific self-efficacy, interests and academic performance of 316 high school students from a large city in India. The influence of other contextual factors such as tracking and parental education was also examined. Results indicated definite gender ...


Effects Of Computer Self-Efficacy And Spatial Visualization Ability On Student Perceptions Of 2d/3d Cad Virtual Prototype Simulations For Apparel Design, Sandra Stewart Jan 2008

Effects Of Computer Self-Efficacy And Spatial Visualization Ability On Student Perceptions Of 2d/3d Cad Virtual Prototype Simulations For Apparel Design, Sandra Stewart

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The ability to visualize three-dimensional (3D) forms from two-dimensional (2D) shapes is critical to apparel designers. While most designers still use traditional techniques to analyze a 3D sample, advances in CAD for apparel design include use of 3D virtual prototypes assembled from 2D pattern data. Textiles and clothing research has examined both 2D CAD and student spatial visualization ability, but no studies compare spatial visualization ability with 3D virtual prototype use in the classroom. Other fields of research have found that a person's computer self-efficacy (CSE) can influence acceptance of a new technology and that spatial visualization ability can ...


Analysis Of Policy And Educational Approaches Within The Seattle Recycling Program, Ryan Joel Six Jan 2008

Analysis Of Policy And Educational Approaches Within The Seattle Recycling Program, Ryan Joel Six

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study aims to deepen our understanding of the policy and educational approaches within the Seattle, Washington residential recycling program. Through an analysis of Seattle's policy approaches and the role of education, this study makes recommendations for both its improvement and other communities looking to bolster and or implement their own recycling program. To guide the recommendations, it was necessary to find how a recycling program can target a broad audience to create more awareness and reach those in the community that have not been involved. Straughan (1999) noted that the success of a community's' recycling program relies ...


Aporia-Triggered Knowledge Construction: The Use Of Interviews And A Focus Group To Further Assess Science Writing Heuristic Impact On Participating Teachers, Ryan Robert Kelly Jan 2008

Aporia-Triggered Knowledge Construction: The Use Of Interviews And A Focus Group To Further Assess Science Writing Heuristic Impact On Participating Teachers, Ryan Robert Kelly

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study stems from an examination of writing samples generated by the Science Writing Heuristic (SWH)---a multi-year longitudinal study that employs a teaching methodology meant to investigate the impact of connecting science learning with literacy---with additional insight generated by discourse analysis of teacher interviews and a focus group.;Among this study's goals are the investigation of the role of these writing samples within the practice of education, the use of writing as vehicle for the construction of knowledge, and the role of these samples within the larger SWH. More specifically, this study hopes to unlock connections between its ...


Young Adult Attitudes Regarding Individuals With Disabilities: A Post-Intervention Comparison Of High School Graduates, Kendra Kay Naef Jan 2008

Young Adult Attitudes Regarding Individuals With Disabilities: A Post-Intervention Comparison Of High School Graduates, Kendra Kay Naef

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study utilized an experimental research design to investigate the differences in long-term attitudes towards individuals with disabilities among young adults who had participated in an intervention program designed to develop positive academic and social relationships among students with and without disabilities, and young adults who had not. The Interaction with Disabled Persons Scale was employed to determine if the primary independent variable (P.A.R.T.N.E.R.S. Program) produced more favorable attitudes among participants. After scores from both groups were obtained, central tendency comparisons of the dependent variable were made and inferential statistics t -test analysis ...


Application-Based Learning: How Community College Business Students Learn To Apply Knowledge To Their Professional Employment, Joe Hanson Jan 2008

Application-Based Learning: How Community College Business Students Learn To Apply Knowledge To Their Professional Employment, Joe Hanson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Teaching Electricity In Elementary, Middle And High School: Some Real Life Examples, Beth Marie Zavala Jan 2008

Teaching Electricity In Elementary, Middle And High School: Some Real Life Examples, Beth Marie Zavala

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The teaching of electricity is described by six teachers at the K-12 grade levels. Their understanding of electricity concepts and their methods of instruction are explored. A list of research based best practices is used to analyze the methods of instruction used by the participants. Recommendations are suggested for the improvement of teaching electricity at the K-12 grade levels.


The Impact Of Flexible Grouping On Reading Achievement For Sixth Grade Students, Jill Marie Reisner Jan 2008

The Impact Of Flexible Grouping On Reading Achievement For Sixth Grade Students, Jill Marie Reisner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A quantitative case study at a three-section Midwestern elementary school examined a current flexible grouping method, with increased numbers of teachers, being implemented in sixth grade classrooms versus the traditional whole group instruction. Using Iowa Test of Basic Skills (ITBS) data, the research analyzed if flexible grouping can significantly increase reading achievement in sixth grade students. The research compared the means of sixth grade students national percentile rank (NPR) of the participating students in the area of reading, on their fifth grade ITBS test to their NPR on their sixth grade ITBS test. Results suggest there was no significant growth ...


Passion: A Narrative Journey To Family And Consumer Sciences Education, Darby Thompson Sewell Jan 2008

Passion: A Narrative Journey To Family And Consumer Sciences Education, Darby Thompson Sewell

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The goal of this study was to examine the development of passion for the profession of family and consumer sciences (FCS) in three undergraduate students majoring in FCS education. The first purpose was to ascertain an understanding of participants' identification with FCS education and their decisions to declare it as a major. The second purpose was to examine the participants' knowledge of the content with an understanding of the integrative nature of the FCS profession. The third purpose was to identify the participants' motivation and passion for being FCS educators.;Narrative inquiry was used to investigate the participants' lived experiences ...


Mission Possible: Skills 2010--A Study Of Kirkwood Community College's Employers' Skills And Education Needs, Dee Baird Jan 2008

Mission Possible: Skills 2010--A Study Of Kirkwood Community College's Employers' Skills And Education Needs, Dee Baird

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

How do employers in a rural seven-county region in the middle of the United States compete in an international market? And how does the local community college help? These questions need to be answered on an ongoing basis in order for the region served by Kirkwood Community College in Cedar Rapids, Iowa to stay economically viable and for the College to fulfill its mission. The purpose of this dissertation was to conduct a research study to inform Kirkwood, as well as appropriate economic development partners and the community, about education and skill needs of employers.;Questions guiding the research were ...


Process And Impact Evaluation Of The Verb Summer Scorecard Program, Travis William Hartke Jan 2008

Process And Impact Evaluation Of The Verb Summer Scorecard Program, Travis William Hartke

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There is currently a considerable public health concern about levels of inactivity in youth. This type of information has led to many state and national initiatives aimed at promoting physical activity, such as the VERB Summer Scorecard Program in Story County, Iowa where tweens (children ages 8 to 13) can complete a VERB Scorecard of physical activity by going to physically active activities and deals at businesses in the community with the outcome of earning prizes. The purpose of the study was to determine factors that influence interest and involvement in the VERB summer scorecard program. To do this, a ...


Along Divergent Paths: A Two-Part Thesis In Creative And Technical Writing, Angela C. Furtado-Rasmussen Jan 2008

Along Divergent Paths: A Two-Part Thesis In Creative And Technical Writing, Angela C. Furtado-Rasmussen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Due to the difference topics representing each co-major--Creative Writing and Rhetoric, Composition, and Professional Communications--this thesis is divided into two parts. Part I focuses on the creative writing portion of my thesis--the first half of my young adult fantasy novel. Part II focuses on my interests in visual communication and secondary education as fulfillment for the rhetoric portion of my master's degree in English.;Abstract Part I: Creative Writing Two magical books--one good, one evil--each concealed and protected until now.;It began 300 years ago in the secluded mountain town of Cennfhain. There, the battle between The Senchen and ...


Families, Motivation, And Reading: Pre-Adolescent Students And Their Reading Motivation And Family Reading Habits, Jill L. Janes Jan 2008

Families, Motivation, And Reading: Pre-Adolescent Students And Their Reading Motivation And Family Reading Habits, Jill L. Janes

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Research indicates that reading motivation declines as elementary students grow older. This reading motivation is multi-faceted with a variety of influences. Additional research indicates that when families are involved with students' reading as well as with school activities, students can reap positive academic benefits. Involving families in reading, however, declines as students progress to the upper elementary and pre-adolescent years. There is a lack of research concerning family involvement in reading with pre-adolescent students, particularly in regard to the effect of family involvement on reading motivation.;The purpose of this study was to determine the reading motivation and family reading ...


The Effect Of Error Codes On Second Language Writing, Mike Gilligan Jan 2008

The Effect Of Error Codes On Second Language Writing, Mike Gilligan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study focused on the ability of ESL students to revise their grammatical errors and produce more accurate writing in the future based on error codes. As the researcher, I analyzed the writing over time of four different students who received error codes. I examined three error types for three of the subjects, and two errors types for the fourth subject. The error types included verb errors, preposition errors, determiner errors and plural/singular confusion errors. I analyzed these errors to determine the correction ability and accuracy on future writing of the students.;The subjects were 4 males, two from ...


Pregnant And Parenting Teens' Attitudes Toward Pregnancy And Motherhood And Their Perceptions Of Social Support, Cindy Ngoc Vo Jan 2008

Pregnant And Parenting Teens' Attitudes Toward Pregnancy And Motherhood And Their Perceptions Of Social Support, Cindy Ngoc Vo

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the social support network of pregnant (n=10) and parenting (n=22) teens recruited through local agencies. The support network was viewed both as support and as an agent of stress to adolescents. The pregnant and parenting teens' perceptions of motherhood and their attitudes toward being a parent were also studied. The teens had a variety of support types and support sources, but the two groups did not differ in those types and sources. They preferred support from boyfriend and mother over other sources and both groups had similar expectations and beliefs about motherhood and social support ...


Transforming Teacher Education To Support Multicultural Technology Pedagogy: An Assessment Of Preservice Teachers' Beliefs About Multiculturalism And Diversity, Audrey Denise Bowser Jan 2008

Transforming Teacher Education To Support Multicultural Technology Pedagogy: An Assessment Of Preservice Teachers' Beliefs About Multiculturalism And Diversity, Audrey Denise Bowser

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Because schools are becoming increasingly diverse, a significant role of teacher preparation programs is to prepare its prospective teachers with the knowledge, skills, and dispositions to help all students learn. In understanding the responsibility to prepare preservice teachers for working with diverse populations and implementing an effective multicultural curriculum, teacher education programs recognize the imperative that preservice teachers must be trained as technologically competent teachers who can skillfully integrate technology in culturally diverse classrooms. Within the context of teacher education, this research is rooted in social reconstructionist theory (Sleeter & Grant, 2003) based upon a critical multicultural conceptual framework interwoven with critical pedagogy (Freire, 1996; McLaren, 2003). This research study assessed preservice teachers' personal and professional ...


Becoming More Resilient: Perceptions Of Resiliency Development Education In Post-Secondary Students, Kristine Myhrwold Meyer Jan 2008

Becoming More Resilient: Perceptions Of Resiliency Development Education In Post-Secondary Students, Kristine Myhrwold Meyer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Students leaving home for college face new challenges and adversities as they experience newfound independence. Their abilities to be resilient or to bounce back from various challenges determine their successes as students and eventually throughout life. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore the perceptions of eleven students who participated in resiliency development education (RDE) during the first semester of their freshmen year at college and to explore the meaning they discovered in their experience with resiliency education.;The themes ubiquitous within this study were: (1) the efficacy of learning resiliency through the pedagogy of storytelling; (2) the ...


Connections, Confidence, And Competence: The Meaning Of Professional Development For Community College Support Staff Personnel, Juliana Gammon Huiskamp Jan 2008

Connections, Confidence, And Competence: The Meaning Of Professional Development For Community College Support Staff Personnel, Juliana Gammon Huiskamp

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Using a qualitative, phenomenological methodology this dissertation study describes and examines the meaning of participation in professional development for community college support staff and the perceived meaning, benefits, and challenges to both the individual participant and the institution. The research site is an urban Midwestern U.S. community college that offers a comprehensive staff development program. The study includes the perspectives of both support staff participants in professional development and administrative staff who work closely with the program. A total of 15, all female, participants---11 support staff and four administrative staff---took part in the study.;This study was of interest ...


Social And Academic Factors Of Success And Retention For Students Of Color At A Predominantly White Institution In Agricultural And Engineering Based Disciplines, Lequetia Natasha Ancar Jan 2008

Social And Academic Factors Of Success And Retention For Students Of Color At A Predominantly White Institution In Agricultural And Engineering Based Disciplines, Lequetia Natasha Ancar

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Being a student of color at a predominantly White institution can be extremely challenging, yet rewarding. For the select students in this mixed methods study, overcoming academic and social hurdles was paramount to their success in science, technology and engineering based disciplines at this large research intensive Midwestern institution. Some of the themes that arose from their academic and social challenges were: feelings of isolation and alienation, demystification of stereotypes, minimal relationships with faculty and staff, inadequate academic advising, and a lack of academic and social preparation and skills. Students of color in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences ...