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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Relationship Of Student-Teacher Compatibility To Perceived Student Discipline, Terrence J. O'Toole -1946 Jan 1982

The Relationship Of Student-Teacher Compatibility To Perceived Student Discipline, Terrence J. O'Toole -1946

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study explored the relationship between student-teacher compatibility and perceived student discipline scores. The six measures of compatibility included in FIRO-B were tested to determine their relationship to perceived student discipline.;The study was conducted with a total sample of 12 sixth, seventh, and eighth-grade teachers and 550 students. Both groups completed Schutz's Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation-Behavior (FIRO-B), questionnaire. The six composite measures of compatibility were determined from the FIRO-B.;In addition the 12 teachers completed Brown and Hammill's Behavior Rating Profile. This instrument measured perceived student discipline. The relationship between compatibility scores and perceived student discipline scores ...


The Relationship Of Selected Variables To Stress And Job Satisfaction Of Elementary School Principals, Mary L. Murphy Jan 1982

The Relationship Of Selected Variables To Stress And Job Satisfaction Of Elementary School Principals, Mary L. Murphy

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Purpose. This research examined the relationship between stress and job satisfaction of elementary school principals. The purpose of the study was to determine if the situational variables, socioeconomic level of students and student enrollment, and the demographic variables, sex, age, and experience, influenced the stress-job satisfaction of the principal.;Method. A random sample of 100 elementary school principals in the Commonwealth of Virginia completed the Administrative Stress Index and the Index of Job Satisfaction. Results from 87 percent mail return were subjected to regression analysis.;Findings and Conclusions. There was a negative relationship (r = -.25) between stress and job satisfaction ...


An Analysis Of The Relationship Between Organizational Climate Of Elementary Schools And Student Self Concept, Beverly Whitaker-Braxton Jan 1982

An Analysis Of The Relationship Between Organizational Climate Of Elementary Schools And Student Self Concept, Beverly Whitaker-Braxton

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study explored the effects of school organizational climate on student self concept development. its purpose was to investigate the relationship between organizational climate and student self concept in selected elementary schools in an urban school district in Virginia.;The population of this study included 500 fifth grade students, 89 fifth grade teachers, and 25 principals in 25 elementary schools. The Organizational Climate Description Questionnaire (OCDQ) was used to assess teacher and principal perception of the organizational climate. The Piers-Harris Children's Self Concept Scale (CSCS) was used to assess student self concept.;It was hypothesized that (1) a relationship ...


An Evaluation Of The Effects Of A Career Decision-Making Course On Tenth Grade Non-College Bound Students, Carol Gelo Barr Jan 1982

An Evaluation Of The Effects Of A Career Decision-Making Course On Tenth Grade Non-College Bound Students, Carol Gelo Barr

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a one-semester career decision-making course, implemented using the Exploring Career Decision-making materials developed by the Appalachia Educational Laboratory, on the career maturity and knowledge of career concepts of tenth grade non-college bound students.;The study was implemented at Denbigh High School in Newport News, Virginia. Denbigh is a four-year comprehensive high school with a total enrollment of 2100 students. The subjects for the study were 47 non-college bound tenth grade students who had just completed the one-semester career decision-making course and 50 non-college bound tenth grade students who were ...


Development Of The National War College And Peer Institutions: A Comparative Study Of The Growth And Interrelationship Of Us Military Senior Service Colleges, Vernon Eugene Johnson Jan 1982

Development Of The National War College And Peer Institutions: A Comparative Study Of The Growth And Interrelationship Of Us Military Senior Service Colleges, Vernon Eugene Johnson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate reasons for establishment of the National War College, its interrelationship with other Senior Service Schools, and to assess why the multiple institutions continue to exist.;The study contained three hypotheses. First, the National War College was planned and developed to be the capstone of the nation's military educational system. It never achieved that position. Instead it has shared the summit of professional military education with the other four Senior Service Colleges. Second, the National War College and each of the other Senior Service Colleges had unique missions which prevented any institution ...


An Examination Of The Relationship Between School Environment And Student Achievement In An Urban School Division In Virginia, George L. Jones Jan 1982

An Examination Of The Relationship Between School Environment And Student Achievement In An Urban School Division In Virginia, George L. Jones

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine whether a relationship exists between school environment and student achievement in several high schools in an urban school division in Virginia. The subjects for this study were eleventh grade students, randomly selected teachers of eleventh graders and the principal of each school. Nine high schools buildings are in the school division, of which eight were used in this investigation. The one school not included in the study was an alternative high school whose students attended classes at various places throughout the division.;The initial group tested consisted of 1225 students, 114 teachers ...


The Prediction Of Academic Performance Of Open Admissions Students At Virginia State University, Joseph T. Tambe Jan 1982

The Prediction Of Academic Performance Of Open Admissions Students At Virginia State University, Joseph T. Tambe

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to identify factors contributing to success, nonsuccess and, withdrawal of open admissions students at Virginia State University. The primary objective was to develop a means for predicting academic outcomes at the time of matriculation for each student in the open admissions program.;The students studied were entering freshmen who were underprepared to enter college. Ex post facto data used as predictors consisted of SAT scores, high school achievement, placement tests scores, and measures on student commitment, socioeconomic status, and student expectations regarding college life.;Using a total of 32 predictors and the criterion categories ...


The Rating Of Nonverbal Counseling Techniques By Reluctant Adolescent Clients, James Ernest Forrester Jan 1982

The Rating Of Nonverbal Counseling Techniques By Reluctant Adolescent Clients, James Ernest Forrester

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The systematic skills-training programs which have been widely applied for the training of counselors have typically been designed with the assumption that all clients consuming the services of a counselor are voluntarily seeking help. In fact, many clients enter counseling reluctantly. Reluctance in this study is defined as a client who really doesn't want to be in counseling. This is very common among adolescent populations who frequently enter counseling because of the courts, schools, or their parents. They, therefore, comply with the authority of these institutions and are not self-motivated.;This study examined the nonverbal counselor techniques in a ...


The Effects Of A Program Of Structured Group Counseling On The Self-Concept And Leadership Skills Of Disadvantaged Gifted Elementary School Students, Sheila Gibbs Hill Jan 1982

The Effects Of A Program Of Structured Group Counseling On The Self-Concept And Leadership Skills Of Disadvantaged Gifted Elementary School Students, Sheila Gibbs Hill

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of participation in structured group counseling on the self-concept and leadership skills of disadvantaged gifted elementary school children.;Subjects were forty-eight elementary students from the Chesapeake Public School District in Chesapeake, Virginia. All students had been identified as potentially gifted and talented and were in attendance at a school designated as Title I by the Elementary and Secondary Act of 1965 (ESEA).;Three instruments were used to carry out the study: The Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking (TTCT), figural form, to measure creative thinking ability; the Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept ...


The Effects Of Rational Emotive Therapy On Academic Achievement For Community College Probation Students Participating In A Study Skills Class, Jack John Becherer Jan 1982

The Effects Of Rational Emotive Therapy On Academic Achievement For Community College Probation Students Participating In A Study Skills Class, Jack John Becherer

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study was designed to determine if training in rational emotive therapy and study skills would be more effective in improving academic competence than training in study skills.;The subject population consisted of 141 students who were on academic probation at a community college. Students were recruited to participate in a one credit, graded seminar designed to increase the possibility of succeeding in college. Forty-two students were placed in one of four seminars. In addition, twenty-one students who initially expressed an interest in the seminar but later decided not to participate comprised the control group.;Treatment groups were offered both ...


The Effects Of Role Modeling As A Technique In Counteracting Sexual Stereotyping In The Occupational Election Of High School Girls, Nancy Eddins Helms Jan 1982

The Effects Of Role Modeling As A Technique In Counteracting Sexual Stereotyping In The Occupational Election Of High School Girls, Nancy Eddins Helms

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Stereotyping of jobs by sex has a restricting effect on both sexes, but it has had a disproportionately negative impact on women. The need for methods to counteract occupational stereotyping is widely recognized (Steiger and Schlesinger, 1979; Monthly Labor Review, 1976). Since role modeling has been found in many settings to be a forceful factor in modifying behavior, Bandura's (1971) observational learning through role modeling formed the rationale for the study. This study proposes to answer the question, "Will using female role models in nontraditional careers for women affect the choice of high school girls in selecting nontraditional occupations ...


The Impact Of Equal Employment Opportunity And Affirmative Action Legislation On Virginia Public School Divisions As Perceived By School Personnel Officials, John A. Mitchell Jan 1982

The Impact Of Equal Employment Opportunity And Affirmative Action Legislation On Virginia Public School Divisions As Perceived By School Personnel Officials, John A. Mitchell

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study investigated public school administrator perception of the extent to which federal civil rights, equal employment opportunity, and affirmative action legislation have affected the personnel policies and practices of Virginia public schools since 1972. Another purpose of this study was to determine if there is a correlation between administrator perceptions of EED/AA impact and the characteristics of school divisions.;It was hypothesized that school officials would perceive that the imposition of EED/AA regulations has greatly altered the personnel function in Virginia public school divisions. It was also hypothesized that school officials would perceive that (1) EED/AA ...


A Study Of English As A Subject In The Curriculum Of The College Of William And Mary, Jane Agnew Brown Jan 1982

A Study Of English As A Subject In The Curriculum Of The College Of William And Mary, Jane Agnew Brown

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that led to the incorporation of English as an organized discipline at the College of William and Mary.;In order to assess reasons for the unprecedented consideration given the study of English in 1888, it was necessary to examine the English-related studies in the predominantly classical curriculum at William and Mary during the nineteenth century. An attempt was made to determine first why English was not recognized as a subject in the curriculum before the College was closed in 1881 and then why English was established as a discipline when ...


Examining The Effects Of Three Methods Of Study Skill Group Intervention With Middle School Underachievers, George Ira Fenigsohn Jan 1982

Examining The Effects Of Three Methods Of Study Skill Group Intervention With Middle School Underachievers, George Ira Fenigsohn

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to seek the answer to the following question: Using small group interaction, which of three types of strategies best influences positive academic achievement and academic attitudinal change in seventh and eighth grade low achievers?;Thirty-six students who had failed one or more academic subjects (English, Math, Social Studies or Science) were randomly placed in one of four groups of nine students each. The first group was based on the theory and techniques of Rational-Emotive Therapy. It attacked the "blame factor" so common to transescents and attempted to build a strong and positive attitude in ...


Rotc Continuation Model : A Model For Predicting Whether Army Rotc Cadets Will Terminate With The Basic Course Or Continue Into The Advanced Course, George Napoleon. Ivey Jan 1982

Rotc Continuation Model : A Model For Predicting Whether Army Rotc Cadets Will Terminate With The Basic Course Or Continue Into The Advanced Course, George Napoleon. Ivey

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine whether Army ROTC cadets who enter the Advanced Course differ significantly in certain selected variables from cadets who choose to terminate the ROTC program with the Basic Course. Using theoretical constructs from Schoenherr's and Greeley's (1974) General Role Commitment Model and the Card et al. (1975) ROTC/Army Career Commitment Model, a prediction model was developed for the present study, the ROTC Continuation Model. The ROTC Continuation Model was used to predict ROTC continuation in a single Army ROTC Program. All (803) cadets enrolled in this specific program from school ...


A Study Of Paid Faculty Consulting And The Policies Of Higher Educational Institutions In Virginia, Albert F. Stem Jan 1982

A Study Of Paid Faculty Consulting And The Policies Of Higher Educational Institutions In Virginia, Albert F. Stem

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this historical study was to ascertain several academic and administrative issues associated with regular faculty who engage in off-campus, paid consulting activities. Using data collected from five, public, higher educational institutions in Virginia, the author examined the academic profiles, motives, and consequences of consulting on the faculty, as well as the institutional policies governing paid consulting.;Thirty-one faculty members and five administrators from the Virginia institutions participated in an instrumented semistructured interview designed to gather information relative to faculty involvement as paid consultants in a centralized training and development program during the decade of the 1970's ...


Alternate Methods Of Changing Nursing Home Staff Attitudes Toward Sexual Behavior In The Aged, Anne Marie Cipoletti Aja Jan 1982

Alternate Methods Of Changing Nursing Home Staff Attitudes Toward Sexual Behavior In The Aged, Anne Marie Cipoletti Aja

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

In recent years workshops have been developed to assist professionals in dealing with issues related to human sexuality. Called Sexual Attitude Reassessment workshops (SAR's), they are designed to impart relevant information concerning sex functioning and to provide an opportunity for personal exploration of attitudes and values. While much attention has been directed at providing sex education to a variety of groups across the country, few programs have focused on improving attitudes toward sexual expression in the aged, and increasing understanding of their sexual needs.;The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not nursing home staff differed ...


A Systems Based Stress Reduction Psychological Education Program For Emergency Veterinary Personnel: Development And Evaluation, Dorsey Thomas Wessells Jr. Jan 1982

A Systems Based Stress Reduction Psychological Education Program For Emergency Veterinary Personnel: Development And Evaluation, Dorsey Thomas Wessells Jr.

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Conventional veterinary training equips veterinarians with skills to treat medical problems with animals. Until recently little emphasis has been placed on the human aspects of veterinary training and treatment. With the identification of the Human/Companion Animal Bond as a distinct area of scientific investigation, an increased awareness in this human factor in veterinary work has begun to emerge. To address the human factor, this study set out to evaluate the effectiveness of a training program developed to equip veterinarians with intervention skills and knowledge of family emotional process.;One, if not the most stressful, aspects of veterinary work reported ...


A Study Of The Relationship Between Chronological Age At The Time Of Entrance To Kindergarten And Academic Achievement, Jo Lynne Demary Jan 1982

A Study Of The Relationship Between Chronological Age At The Time Of Entrance To Kindergarten And Academic Achievement, Jo Lynne Demary

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate empirically the relationship that exists between age at the time of entrance to kindergarten and academic achievement as reflected by standardized achievement scores administered in the fourth grade. The theoretical framework of this study is found in the field of child growth and development.;The sample included 200 students whose fifth birthdays occurred on or between January 1, 1975 and March 31, 1975 or on or between October 1, 1975 and December 31, 1975. They were selected from a suburban school system located in Central Virginia. The sex, race, birthdate, I.Q ...


An Investigation Of Progress Toward Fiscal Neutrality In Expenditures For Public Education In Virginia, 1969-70-1979-80, Raymond E. Vernall Jan 1982

An Investigation Of Progress Toward Fiscal Neutrality In Expenditures For Public Education In Virginia, 1969-70-1979-80, Raymond E. Vernall

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate progress toward the achievement of fiscal neutrality among the school divisions of Virginia between 1970 and 1980. Fiscal neutrality is defined as the absence of an observed relationship between the local wealth and the expenditures for education within a school division. The relationship of the wealth of individual school divisions to per pupil expenditures within those divisions and the intent of the General Assembly of Virginia regarding the establishment of fiscal neutrality were also examined.;A comparison was made between the 1970 and 1980 per pupil expenditures of each school division in ...