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Theses/Dissertations

University of Iowa

2017

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Articles 1 - 30 of 35

Full-Text Articles in Education

Using Contingency Contracting To Improve Social Interactions Between Students With Asd And Their Peers, Abdullah Abdulmohsen Alwahbi Dec 2017

Using Contingency Contracting To Improve Social Interactions Between Students With Asd And Their Peers, Abdullah Abdulmohsen Alwahbi

Theses and Dissertations

Students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have severe impairment in social skills, which affects all areas of development. Researchers have indicated peer-mediated intervention (PMI) may improve social skills of children with ASD. PMI involves training carefully selected nondisabled peers to teach academic or social skills to students with disabilities using strategies such as modeling, prompting, and reinforcement in an inclusive education setting. However, a review of the literature suggests that PMI in and of itself may be beneficial, but not sufficient, to enhance social interaction among students with ASD and their peers. The literature suggests that incorporating components that encourage ...


The Influence Of Perfectionism On Mental Health In Gifted And Twice-Exceptional Students, Margaret Mary Candler Dec 2017

The Influence Of Perfectionism On Mental Health In Gifted And Twice-Exceptional Students, Margaret Mary Candler

Theses and Dissertations

Although a long-standing interest in the abilities of gifted students exists, researchers and clinicians have only recently focused on specific factors that may impact the likelihood of mental health diagnoses, such as anxiety and depression, within this population. This is especially true for gifted students with co-existing disabilities, or twice-exceptional students, who may have unique experiences that differ from those of gifted students without disabilities. Perfectionism is one factor that may be important to consider when examining factors that impact the development of anxiety and depression within these populations.

The current study examined how perfectionism differs within gifted and twice-exceptional ...


Testimony In Narrative Educational Research: A Qualitative Interview, Narrative Analysis And Epistemological Evaluation, Justin Christopher Aug 2017

Testimony In Narrative Educational Research: A Qualitative Interview, Narrative Analysis And Epistemological Evaluation, Justin Christopher

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to assess issues that arise in the context of epistemological claims in narrative educational research by means of narrative analysis and epistemological evaluation. The research questions which guided the study were: 1) To what extent is epistemology considered by narrative educational researchers?; 2) What issues do narrative educational researchers perceive when capturing participant testimony?; 3) What procedures do narrative educational researchers carry out which assure of methodological rigor?; and 4) What additional procedures, either before, during or after a study, can narrative educational researchers carry forth to assure that the research is the most ...


Examining Posttraumatic Growth And Mindfulness In Individuals With Rheumatoid Arthritis, Anna Hoffman Aug 2017

Examining Posttraumatic Growth And Mindfulness In Individuals With Rheumatoid Arthritis, Anna Hoffman

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to assess for posttraumatic growth (PTG) in individuals with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study also sought to determine the relationship between PTG and mindfulness for people with RA. RA is a degenerative disease characterized by chronic joint pain and is associated with various kinds of psychological distress, including depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem. More recently, researchers have looked to ways in which living with RA may also promote personal growth. One of the most commonly researched conceptualizations of growth following hardship is posttraumatic growth (PTG). Some studies suggest that PTG may be positively related ...


An Analysis Of Reinstatement Of Appropriate Behavior, Stephen Edward Ryan Aug 2017

An Analysis Of Reinstatement Of Appropriate Behavior, Stephen Edward Ryan

Theses and Dissertations

Behavioral momentum theory provides a conceptual framework for the study of the recurrence of previously extinguished operant behavior. Commonly referred to as treatment relapse, this is the failure to maintain treatment gains (e.g., reductions in challenging behavior) when there is a change in conditions under which these gains were achieved. One treatment relapse paradigm previously examined in basic and applied research is reinstatement. Reinstatement of challenging behavior has been shown to occur when functional reinforcers are delivered on a fixed-time schedule following extinction of challenging behavior. Although examinations appropriate behavior have applied value, analyses of reinstatement have been conducted ...


Understanding The Student Success Gap: Building Models For Underrepresented Racial Minority And Non-Traditional Students' College Experience In Community College, Wei-Lin Chen Aug 2017

Understanding The Student Success Gap: Building Models For Underrepresented Racial Minority And Non-Traditional Students' College Experience In Community College, Wei-Lin Chen

Theses and Dissertations

Community colleges are a crucial channel for achieving postsecondary education success, especially for minority and nontraditionally aged students. Nonetheless, community colleges are inadequate to meeting national goals for postsecondary educational attainment. Most notably, the lack of a strong guidance of academic interventions stifles a student’s preparation to transfer to four-year institutions as well as to attain an associate’s degree.

The majority of research concerning community colleges rarely addresses the issues of low degree attainment rates from rigorous guidance of academic interventions by student status difference, including race/ethnicity, age, first-generation status, motivation, and academic preparation. First, few community ...


A Study Of Those Who Made The Jump: Examining The Differences Between Traditional Public School Leadership And Charter School Leadership, Sarah G. Hale Keuseman Aug 2017

A Study Of Those Who Made The Jump: Examining The Differences Between Traditional Public School Leadership And Charter School Leadership, Sarah G. Hale Keuseman

Theses and Dissertations

This interpretive, exploratory qualitative study examines the similarities and differences between charter school leadership and traditional public school leadership. Previous research has examined the differences in school leadership in traditional public schools from large-scale, quantitative data (Cravens, Goldring,& Penaloza, 2012; Goff, Mavrogordato, & Goldring, 2012). Though research exists on specific facets of charter schools such as student achievement, there is little research on the needs of charter school leaders and how well-prepared they are for their unique roles (Huerta, 2009; Hughes & Silva, 2013). The purpose of this study is to contribute to the body of knowledge on school leadership by developing an emic description of the relationship between charter school leadership and traditional public school leadership through a qualitative interpretivist study approach.

School leaders in Minnesota who have been heads of school in both independent charter schools and traditional public schools were surveyed, and four were selected for in-depth follow-up interviews. The guiding research questions are: (1) What are the differences between traditional public school leadership and charter school leadership according to school leaders in Minnesota who have been leaders of both types of schools; (2) How do school leaders in Minnesota who have been leaders of both charter schools and traditional public schools experience instructional leadership in the different school organizations; and (3) How do school leadership preparation programs help prepare educators for leadership in charter schools?

Findings from this study indicate that differences in school leadership in traditional public schools and independent ...


Arithmetical Computation And Associated Neuropsychological Capabilities In Children, Adolescents, And Young Adults With Nonsyndromic Orofacial Clefts, Jon Willie Goodwin Iii Aug 2017

Arithmetical Computation And Associated Neuropsychological Capabilities In Children, Adolescents, And Young Adults With Nonsyndromic Orofacial Clefts, Jon Willie Goodwin Iii

Theses and Dissertations

Orofacial clefts are a group of congenital craniofacial deformities characterized by structural defects within and around the oral cavity. While some orofacial clefts are associated with an identifiable genetic or teratogenic syndrome, most are isolated or nonsyndromic. It has been well-documented that children born with nonsyndromic cleft lip and/or palate (NCL/P) are at-risk for poorer academic outcomes, especially within reading. Research into the cognitive functioning of patients with NCL/P has demonstrated that auditory-verbal memory and rapid naming are significant neuropsychological predictors of their lower reading achievement. Despite a solid compendium of research into the reading outcomes of ...


South Asian Muslim Americans' Career Development: Factors Influencing Their Career Decision-Making Process, Michelle Mojgan Nanji Aug 2017

South Asian Muslim Americans' Career Development: Factors Influencing Their Career Decision-Making Process, Michelle Mojgan Nanji

Theses and Dissertations

The Muslim population in the United States has faced numerous challenges in the aftermath of September 11th, including increased negative portrayal of Muslims in the media. While there is increased understanding that the social environment in the US has become more Islamophobic, there is little research in applied psychology fields to understand how this is influencing the life choices of young Muslims in the United States. This investigation focuses on South Asian Muslim Americans and the factors that influence their career decision-making process. Lent and Colleagues’ (1994) Social Cognitive Career Theory career choice model was used to develop a better ...


An Evaluation Of Changes In Parent Interaction Quality As An Indirect Effect Of Functional Communication Training, Anna Day Ryan Aug 2017

An Evaluation Of Changes In Parent Interaction Quality As An Indirect Effect Of Functional Communication Training, Anna Day Ryan

Theses and Dissertations

Previous research has suggested that increases caregiver interaction quality may lead to subsequent reductions in child problem behavior. However, there is little research evaluating whether successful reductions in problem behavior through behavioral treatment may positively impact the caregiver-child relationship. The purpose of the current study was to determine whether successful implementation of an empirically validated, reinforcement based-treatment for children who display challenging behaviors (functional communication training, or FCT) leads to changes in caregiver interaction quality. A retrospective data analysis was conducted using assessment and treatment sessions conducted via telehealth for a federally funded research project (Lindgren & Wacker, 2011). Five caregiver-child dyads were included in the current study, and caregivers conducted all sessions while being coached on behavioral procedures via telehealth by a trained behavior specialist. No caregiver received any direct training intended to improve or modify caregiver-child interactions during playtime. Appropriate and inappropriate interactive caregiver behaviors were recorded throughout all playtime intervals during assessment and treatment. Results indicated that child problem behaviors were significantly negatively correlated with caregiver interaction quality for 3 out of 5 caregiver-child dyads; however, for 1 caregiver-child ...


Utility Of An Electronic Data Collection Modality For Supporting School Professionals In The Implementation Of Behavioral Treatments, Jennifer Kathleen Andersen Aug 2017

Utility Of An Electronic Data Collection Modality For Supporting School Professionals In The Implementation Of Behavioral Treatments, Jennifer Kathleen Andersen

Theses and Dissertations

Function-based experimental evaluation in the development of interventions and treatment plans continue to be under-utilized within the school setting (Hanley, Iwata, & McCord, 2003) despite federal mandates to use functional behavioral assessments and positive behavioral interventions with students with disabilities (IDEIA, 2004). Gann, Ferro, Umbreit, & Liaupsin, (2014) found that teachers prefer function-based interventions based in Applied Behavior Analytic principles when implemented effectively and with fidelity, over traditional classroom practices. As such, data collection and data analysis is critical to promote valid, reliable, and socially acceptable behavior change. Some researchers have advocated for the use of advanced technological or computerized tools to streamline and systematize data collection for wider-spread use (Vollmer, Sloman & Pipken, 2008; Kahng & Iwata, 1998), but there is little in the literature to suggest what might be the most beneficial data collection modalities and methods for school professionals who work with students who exhibit challenging behaviors. A few studies have shown positive effects of using electronic technology to collect behavioral data by researchers collecting direct observation data (Graylee et al, 2006), and measures of social skills development (Sarkar et.al, 2006) as well as teachers implementing discrete trial training (Tarbox et al, 2010). Hunter (2003) found that teachers were more likely to use interventions that they liked and that were subjectively time-efficient; often, convenience and experience factors played a role in resistance to implementing evidence-based interventions (Hunter, 2003).

The purpose of Study One was to better understand the current data collection practices and needs of school professionals who frequently treat students with challenging behaviors in the classroom. The purpose of Study Two was to compare the efficiency of graphing using an iPad application, Catalyst®, to paper and pencil data collection with behavioral specialists (school professionals and behavioral clinicians), and to ...


A Parent-Mediated Habit Reversal Intervention For Chronic Tic Disorders In Children, Ellen Marie Henning Aug 2017

A Parent-Mediated Habit Reversal Intervention For Chronic Tic Disorders In Children, Ellen Marie Henning

Theses and Dissertations

Chronic tic disorders (CTDs), including Tourette’s disorder and persistent motor or vocal tic disorder, are neurobiological conditions affecting an estimated 3 to 4 percent of children and adolescents. These disorders include the presence of motor and/or phonic tics, which can range in number, frequency, and severity. Although CTDs are typically treated through medications, the available medications have the potential of adverse side effects, do not result in long-term coping strategies, and may not be effective or preferable for all individuals. Habit reversal training (HRT), a behavioral intervention for tics, has been identified as a well-established treatment. The purpose ...


Examining The Relations Between Subjective Social Class, Academics, And Well-Being In First-Generation College Student Veterans, Alexander James Colbow Aug 2017

Examining The Relations Between Subjective Social Class, Academics, And Well-Being In First-Generation College Student Veterans, Alexander James Colbow

Theses and Dissertations

The aim of this study was to examine the relations between aspects of subjective social class, academic performance, and subjective wellbeing in first-generation and veteran students. In recent years, both student veterans and first-generation students have become topics of interest for universities, counselors, and researchers, as they are growing in numbers on university campuses. These groups face a variety of barriers to completing their academic degrees. One area with little investigation is the influence of subjective social class on these individuals. Therefore, various facets of subjective social class (Subjective Social Status, Beliefs in a Just World, Protestant Work Ethic, Materialism ...


The Intersection Of Counseling Pychology And The Prescriptive Authority For Psychologists Movement: A Qualitative Exploration At The Level Of The Professional Organization, Anthony P. Rinaldi Aug 2017

The Intersection Of Counseling Pychology And The Prescriptive Authority For Psychologists Movement: A Qualitative Exploration At The Level Of The Professional Organization, Anthony P. Rinaldi

Theses and Dissertations

The prescriptive authority for psychologists (RxP) movement contends that psychologists who receive specialized training should attain licensure to prescribe psychotropic medication. The RxP movement has presently culminated in psychologists in the United States prescribing at both the state and federal levels. However, the RxP movement remains contentious, and both supporters and opponents continue to disagree over its validity as a professional movement.

Division 17 of the American Psychological Association, the counseling psychology specialty’s professional organization, has not officially discussed the RxP movement since 1994. Given the developments within the RxP movement since then, this study endeavored to investigate the ...


Irt Linking Methods For The Bifactor Model: A Special Case Of The Two-Tier Item Factor Analysis Model, Kyung Yong Kim Aug 2017

Irt Linking Methods For The Bifactor Model: A Special Case Of The Two-Tier Item Factor Analysis Model, Kyung Yong Kim

Theses and Dissertations

For unidimensional item response theory (UIRT) models, three linking methods, which are the separate, concurrent, and fixed parameter calibration methods, have been developed and widely used in applications such as vertical scaling, differential item functioning, computerized adaptive testing (CAT), and equating. By contrast, even though a few studies have compared the separate and concurrent calibration methods for full multidimensional IRT (MIRT) models or applied the concurrent calibration method to vertical scaling using the bifactor model, no study has yet provided technical descriptions of the concurrent and fixed parameter calibration methods for any MIRT models. Thus, the purpose of this dissertation ...


Mathematics Development In Spanish-Speaking English Language Learners, Shaun Wilkinson Aug 2017

Mathematics Development In Spanish-Speaking English Language Learners, Shaun Wilkinson

Theses and Dissertations

Schools are required by law to identify and support English Language Learner (ELL) students. However, ELL students across grade levels consistently score well below their English-proficient peers in math. Because of this, it is imperative that the literature on effective instruction for these students remain current. Research that is available in this area has demonstrated positive relations between early ELL math performance and several demographic and school factors, including: socioeconomic status (SES), primary language proficiency, English proficiency, high-quality computer instruction, heterogeneous achievement grouping, bilingual instruction, use of cooperative learning activities, all-day kindergarten programs (as opposed to half-day), and school settings ...


The Impact Of Argument-Based Learning Environments On Early Learners Multimodal Representations, Ted A. Neal May 2017

The Impact Of Argument-Based Learning Environments On Early Learners Multimodal Representations, Ted A. Neal

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of an immersive argument based learning environment on students’ multimodal competencies. The objective was to study the impact on students learning as they engage in an ABI classroom, centered on the SWH approach, when compared to students in traditional classrooms. Summary writing samples were collected and coded for informational text features which allowed us to understand cohesion with the learners. Additionally, we were able to study these impacts longitudinally, measuring teacher experience and student exposure to this learning environment. Studies of this nature have been done but only with upper ...


Teachers' Use Of Reasoning-Based Questions In Procedural And Conceptual Lessons, Jessica L. Jensen May 2017

Teachers' Use Of Reasoning-Based Questions In Procedural And Conceptual Lessons, Jessica L. Jensen

Theses and Dissertations

Recent research shows that teachers’ level of Mathematical Knowledge for Teaching (MKT) and their beliefs about teaching and learning effect teaching practices and student achievement. Higher levels of MKT typically lead to more effective teaching abilities in terms of helping students make meaning of mathematical concepts, but beliefs seem to be a mediating factor in this relationship. One specific teaching practice that can help guide students through this meaning making is questioning. Although it is known that MKT and beliefs play an important role in outcomes of teacher practices, the effects of these factors on teachers’ ability to ask meaningful ...


The Lived Experience Of Student Caregivers: A Phenomenological Study, Lisa Polakowski Schumacher May 2017

The Lived Experience Of Student Caregivers: A Phenomenological Study, Lisa Polakowski Schumacher

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation study was to describe how students who provide care for a person with a disability or chronic illness cope with the demands of both roles. The way students cope with stress has a direct impact on overall health, which has an impact on learning, development, and retention. Student caregivers are considered nontraditional students; nontraditional students are more likely to drop out of higher education because of obstacles in their non-academic life. Historically, student affairs professionals have developed programs and services to meet the challenges of underrepresented students in higher education. More than half of family ...


Understanding L2 Motivation Through Selves And Currents: Lessons From Students In An Innovative Business Spanish Course, Mariana Ruggiero Colombo May 2017

Understanding L2 Motivation Through Selves And Currents: Lessons From Students In An Innovative Business Spanish Course, Mariana Ruggiero Colombo

Theses and Dissertations

This study focused on investigating students’ complex L2 motivational systems in an equally complex educational environment. It analyzed students’ motivation while learning Spanish in a Language for Specific Purposes (LSP) course taught in a student-centered technology-enhanced classroom at a university in the Midwest. The innovative curriculum for the course emphasized student interaction, and revolved around the development of a collaborative entrepreneurial wiki project. This study addressed the expanding call for considering motivation as multidimensional, changing and contextualized (Crookes & Schmidt, 2006; Dörnyei, MacIntyre, & Henry, 2015) by steering away from simplistic cause–effect quantitative paradigms. It addressed the topic through the lens of Complex Dynamic Systems Theory (CDST) and utilized two contemporary L2 motivation frameworks for making sense of the data: the L2 Motivational Self System (L2MSS) (Dörnyei, 2005, 2009), and Directed Motivational Currents (DMCs) (Muir & Dörnyei, 2013; Dörnyei, Ibrahim, & Muir 2015). It adopted in-depth qualitative case study methodology to answer the following research questions: 1. How can students' L2 motivations be described while learning Business Spanish through an innovative curriculum? 2. What are the factors affecting students’ L2 motivations throughout the course?

Four students enrolled in this class during the Fall 2015 were randomly selected as the participants for this study. Data were collected throughout the academic semester and included: 1) four in-depth interviews with each student; 2) the work students developed collaboratively on the wiki; 3) course evaluations submitted to the instructor of the ...


Predicting College Readiness In Stem: A Longitudinal Study Of Iowa Students, Heather Anne Rickels May 2017

Predicting College Readiness In Stem: A Longitudinal Study Of Iowa Students, Heather Anne Rickels

Theses and Dissertations

The demand for STEM college graduates is increasing. However, recent studies show there are not enough STEM majors to fulfill this need. This deficiency can be partially attributed to a gender discrepancy in the number of female STEM graduates and to the high rate of attrition of STEM majors. As STEM attrition has been associated with students being unprepared for STEM coursework, it is important to understand how STEM graduates change in achievement levels from middle school through high school and to have accurate readiness indicators for first-year STEM coursework. This study aimed to address these issues by comparing the ...


Exploring Reading With A Small Group Of Fourth Grade Readers And Their Teachers Through Collaborative Retrospective Miscue Analysis, William Henry Poock May 2017

Exploring Reading With A Small Group Of Fourth Grade Readers And Their Teachers Through Collaborative Retrospective Miscue Analysis, William Henry Poock

Theses and Dissertations

Literacy educators hold different beliefs about the best approaches to teach students how to read and about the reading process including a skills view of reading and learning to read versus a transactional, sociopsycholinguistic view of reading and learning to read (Weaver, 2002). Reading for understanding is an important skill to develop in students to promote overall success (Keene, 2008). When orally reading, readers occasionally say something differently than what is printed—which is called a miscue. Goodman, Martens, and Flurkey (2014) defined a miscue as “any response during oral reading that differs from what a listener would expect to ...


Homegrown Rural School Leaders, Dorian Dawn Olsen May 2017

Homegrown Rural School Leaders, Dorian Dawn Olsen

Theses and Dissertations

Background: Research on rural educational leadership is often overlooked in educational research, specifically within the context of homegrown leaders, or leaders who have been lifelong residents in the districts where they were students, teachers, and now lead as principal. Rural districts face many challenges that differ from urban districts. Looking at how these homegrown leaders use transformational leadership to overcome these challenges can assist principal preparation programs in preparing administrators to lead in rural districts as well as policymakers as they look at policies and funding that impact rural districts.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to address the ...


Influence Of The Black-Box Approach On Preservice Teachers’ Preparation Of Geometric Tasks, Taehoon Choi May 2017

Influence Of The Black-Box Approach On Preservice Teachers’ Preparation Of Geometric Tasks, Taehoon Choi

Theses and Dissertations

The nature of geometric tasks that students engage with in classrooms influences the development of their geometric thinking. Although mathematics standards emphasize formal proofs and mathematical reasoning skills, geometric tasks in classrooms remain focused on students’ abilities to recall mathematical facts and use simple procedures rather than conceptual understanding. In order to facilitate students’ high-level mathematical thinking, teachers need to provide sufficient opportunities for students to engage in cognitively demanding mathematical tasks. The use of dynamic geometry software (DGS) in classrooms facilitates conceptual understanding of geometric proofs. The black box approach is a new type of task in which students ...


English Language Education In Honduras: Opportunity, Adventure, Or Empire?, Kate Elizabeth Kedley May 2017

English Language Education In Honduras: Opportunity, Adventure, Or Empire?, Kate Elizabeth Kedley

Theses and Dissertations

Research suggests that teaching in international settings fosters professional growth and promotes tolerance for working in multicultural and linguistically diverse classrooms for U.S. teachers upon returning to the U.S. to work in schools. These studies portray teaching abroad as an unproblematic and neutral project, and narrowly focus on the benefit to the individual teacher during their temporary stay in a foreign country and when returning home to the U.S. Absent from these studies are two groups: 1) teachers from the U.S. who work in non-governmental organizations and private school settings abroad, but have no pedagogical training ...


Indonesian Public School Principals' Enactment Of Agency Within The Boundaries Set By Social Systems, Asih Asikin-Garmager May 2017

Indonesian Public School Principals' Enactment Of Agency Within The Boundaries Set By Social Systems, Asih Asikin-Garmager

Theses and Dissertations

Background: Indonesian schools are in the midst of implementing a new reform initiative, the 2013 Curriculum, mandated by the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture. The new curriculum requires a drastic change in instructional practices from the traditionally teacher-centered to student-centered instruction. As school leaders, principals play an important role in the implementation and enactment of the 2013 Curriculum in schools. This research explores the leadership practices of Indonesian school principals in facilitating the implementation of new reform policies and initiatives.

Purpose: The study served two purposes. The first was to examine Indonesian public school principals’ enactment of agency within ...


A Competing Risks Survival Analysis Of High School Dropout And Graduation: A Two-Stage Model Specification Approach, Fan Yang May 2017

A Competing Risks Survival Analysis Of High School Dropout And Graduation: A Two-Stage Model Specification Approach, Fan Yang

Theses and Dissertations

There has been a wealth of research conducted on the high school dropouts spanning several decades. It is estimated that compared with those who complete high school, the average high school dropout costs the economy approximately $250,000 more over his or her lifetime in terms of lower tax contributions, higher reliance on Medicaid and Medicare, higher rates of criminal activity, and higher reliance on welfare (Levin & Belfield, 2007). The nation suffers not only because of the loss in revenue but also as a result of the education level of the population. Individuals who choose to drop out of high school are less likely to be in the labor force than adults who earned a high school credential, and they fare worse in many aspects of life.

In many studies on high school dropouts, an important challenge is how to determine an appropriate structural form for a statistical model to be used in making inferences and predictions. Many useful statistical modeling for survival analysis have been developed to study the competing risks frame of probability of dropping out and the probability of graduating; however, few methods exist for establishing the actual competing risks structural form of a model when the data contains two educational milestones – drop out and graduation.

In this dissertation, we first utilized the ...


Using Primary Sources To Teach Civil War History: A Case Study In Pedagogical Decision Making, David L. Snook May 2017

Using Primary Sources To Teach Civil War History: A Case Study In Pedagogical Decision Making, David L. Snook

Theses and Dissertations

This exploratory study combined the process of modified analytic induction with a mixed methods approach to analyze various factors that affected or might have affected participating teachers' decisions to use or not use various primary source based teaching strategies to teach historical thinking skills. Four participating eighth and ninth grade teachers took part in two seminars that focused on the use of primary sources to teach state and local Civil War history.

An initial quantitative component required the teachers to evaluate four teaching units that involved a variety of historical thinking skills. The evaluations included a rating for each unit ...


Teachers' Conceptualization Of Diversity, Teaching, And Learning In A Culturally Responsive School, Kelly Mcelroy Jan 2017

Teachers' Conceptualization Of Diversity, Teaching, And Learning In A Culturally Responsive School, Kelly Mcelroy

Honors Theses at the University of Iowa

This paper seeks to understand how teachers at a local high school conceptualize and value diversity in regards to their own school and community. Through analyzing teachers’ responses to interview questions about their understanding of diversity and evaluation of multiculturalism in their school, researchers can gain a valuable insight into the school culture and seek to produce a learning atmosphere that welcomes, embraces, and values diversity. As schools become increasingly diverse all around the United States, it is essential to understand how faculty and staff members are understanding effects of increasing multicultural in schools, and how they can create a ...


Do Illustrations Influence Reading Comprehension In Adults With Intellectual Or Developmental Disabilities?, Kiara Rivera Jan 2017

Do Illustrations Influence Reading Comprehension In Adults With Intellectual Or Developmental Disabilities?, Kiara Rivera

Honors Theses at the University of Iowa

Much of the education provided to individuals with intellectual or disabilities (IDD) focuses on living skills rather than teaching how to read and write at an age-appropriate level. Little is known about appropriate reading materials and instruction to assist adults with IDD. This population needs more systematic and structured methods of teaching literacy, as for example, by integrating illustrations into literacy education to facilitate comprehension. Our study focuses on whether illustrations influence reading comprehension, and if so, which types of illustrations are best. Fifty adults with IDD were presented with a reading passage and comprehension questions, along with one of ...