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Full-Text Articles in Education

Evaluating Mode Comparability In Early Elementary Grades, Ye Lin Dec 2018

Evaluating Mode Comparability In Early Elementary Grades, Ye Lin

Theses and Dissertations

With the widespread use of technology in the assessment field, many testing programs use both computer-based tests (CBTs) and paper-and-pencil tests (PPTs). Both the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing (AERA, APA, & NCME, 2014) and the International Guidelines on Computer-Based and Internet Delivered Testing (International Test Commission, 2005) have called for studies on the equivalence of scores from different modes to support the uses and interpretations of scores across modes. Studies of administration mode effects, however, are quite limited and have found mixed results in the early childhood literature. In addition, little research has focused on both construct comparability and ...


Learning On The Open Road: Examining The Effect Of Non-Sequential User Choice On Learning From Oers, Ethan Philip Valentine Dec 2018

Learning On The Open Road: Examining The Effect Of Non-Sequential User Choice On Learning From Oers, Ethan Philip Valentine

Theses and Dissertations

In recent decades, open, online learning environments have become progressively more popular and well-funded. An integral aspect of this open learning movement is the transition of a substantial amount of control of the learning process from designers and instructors to the users engaging with the environment. With heavy investments coming from both the public and private sectors, and an ever-growing market of online learners, it is crucial that we better understand how the provision of user control over the learning process affects the quality of that learning process.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of one ...


Using Video Modeling To Improve The Social Communication Of An Adolescent With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Rebecca Marie Hawbaker Dec 2018

Using Video Modeling To Improve The Social Communication Of An Adolescent With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Rebecca Marie Hawbaker

Theses and Dissertations

Difficulty with many aspects of social interactions is a defining characteristic of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Video modeling (VM) has successfully improved a range of social skills for individuals with ASD in previous studies, but most often with simple social skills with young children. The current study used VMs scripted and recorded by peers to improve complex conversation and social gestures by a young adult with ASD. A multiple-probe, across-behaviors design found mixed evidence of experimental control of VM on the social behaviors of the individual with ASD, although all behaviors increased from baseline and generalized to other settings and ...


Ethical Considerations For The Information Age: A Qualitative Study Of Doctoral Psychology Trainees' Preparation And Decision Making For Technology Use, Samuel David Lustgarten Aug 2018

Ethical Considerations For The Information Age: A Qualitative Study Of Doctoral Psychology Trainees' Preparation And Decision Making For Technology Use, Samuel David Lustgarten

Theses and Dissertations

Psychologists now use and interact with a mélange of technology for client care, including (but not limited to) email (Delsignore et al., 2016; Eysenbach, 2000), text messaging (Bradley & Hendricks, 2009; Elhai & Frueh, 2016), electronic medical records (Harrison & Palacio, 2006; Steinfeld & Keyes, 2011), telemental health/televideo (Richardson, Frueh, Grubaugh, Egede, & Elhai, 2012), and digital assessments (Jellins, 2015; Pearson Education Inc., 2015b). Amidst this technological revolution, threats to ethical obligations and regulations exist that might hinder effective client care (Elhai & Hall, 2016b; Lustgarten, 2015; Lustgarten & Colbow, 2017). Literature suggests that individuals, organizations, companies, and government actors have targeted individuals and nations for their data (Elhai & Hall, 2016b; Greenwald, 2014; Lustgarten, 2015). Despite concerns for protecting client information, little is known about the education and training opportunities present in APA-accredited clinical and/or counseling psychology doctoral programs around technology competence. Researchers have recommended trainees receive technology training for use within psychotherapy (Colbow, 2013 ...


Writing From Sources And Avoiding Plagiarism At A Us University: The Perspectives And Experiences Of Undergraduate Second Language Writers, Warren David Merkel Iii Aug 2018

Writing From Sources And Avoiding Plagiarism At A Us University: The Perspectives And Experiences Of Undergraduate Second Language Writers, Warren David Merkel Iii

Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative study was designed to explore undergraduate second language writers’ perceptions of and experiences with source-based writing and plagiarism. Grounded Theory (GT) was employed to systematically collect and analyze data throughout the study. By adopting Activity Theory (AT) as a theoretical framework, I was able to identify and analyze points of contradiction and tension that arose within the activity systems of my participants. The findings that emerged from GT showed that my participants were concerned with adapting to their new academic communities, and the L1 communities from whence they came played little to no role in hindering that adaptation ...


Asian American Students’ Academic Achievement: Reassessing Early Childhood And College, Sanga Kim Aug 2018

Asian American Students’ Academic Achievement: Reassessing Early Childhood And College, Sanga Kim

Theses and Dissertations

Between 2000 and 2010, the Asian population within the U.S. increased more than four times faster than the total U.S. population. Accordingly, school-aged immigrant children from Asia constitute a sizeable portion of the U.S.’s student population. The percentage of students enrolled in elementary and secondary public schools who are Asian/Pacific Islander is projected to increase from 2.6 to 3.1 million between 2014 and 2025, and will account for 6 percent of total enrollment by 2025. Asian American youth have shown distinct characteristics among other racial minority groups in the U.S. Compared to ...


Examining The Effectiveness Of An Online Suicide Prevention Gatekeeper Training, Kevin Joseph Yeates Aug 2018

Examining The Effectiveness Of An Online Suicide Prevention Gatekeeper Training, Kevin Joseph Yeates

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to identify the effectiveness of an online suicide prevention gatekeeper training at the University of Iowa compared to previous research, other gatekeeper trainings, and to assess differences between faculty and staff trainees. Participants were faculty, staff, and students at the University of Iowa that completed the Kognito College Students or the Kognito Faculty and Staff module. To determine the effectiveness, participants completed program evaluation surveys at pre-training, immediate post-training, and six-months after completion of the training. The surveys assessed four gatekeeper appraisal scales: Gatekeeper Knowledge and Beliefs, Gatekeeper Reluctance, Gatekeeper Self-Efficacy, and Gatekeeper Experiences ...


The Effects Of Error Correction With And Without Reinforcement On Skill Acquisition And Preferences Of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Chengan Yuan Aug 2018

The Effects Of Error Correction With And Without Reinforcement On Skill Acquisition And Preferences Of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Chengan Yuan

Theses and Dissertations

Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often require early intensive behavioral interventions (EIBI) to improve their skills in a variety of domains. Error correction is a common instructional component in EIBI programs because children with ASD tend to make persistent errors. Ineffective error correction can result in a lack of learning or undesirable behavior. To date, research has not systematically investigated the use of reinforcement during error correction for children with ASD.

This study compared the effects of correcting errors with and without reinforcement and their impact on preferences of young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Four boys with ...


Investigating Friendship Qualities In High Ability Or Achieving, Typically-Developing, Adhd, And Twice-Exceptional Youth, Staci Fosenburg Aug 2018

Investigating Friendship Qualities In High Ability Or Achieving, Typically-Developing, Adhd, And Twice-Exceptional Youth, Staci Fosenburg

Theses and Dissertations

Current gaps in knowledge about twice-exceptional youth relative to those with only one exceptionality (e.g., high ability or ADHD) include how twice-exceptional students perceive their friendships (Foley Nicpon et al., 2010). Some researchers have found friendship qualities to be less positive for youth with ADHD (Humphrey et al., 2007), yet others have found friendships to be rated more positively by gifted youth (Field et al., 1998). The current investigation sought to determine how friendships are perceived by twice-exceptional youth compared to peers with ADHD or high ability or achievement, and those with average ability or achievement and no diagnosis ...


Psychopathy: Correlates Of The Mmpi-2-Rf And The Three-Factor Model Of Psychopathy, Katherine Achsah Lisa Hall Aug 2018

Psychopathy: Correlates Of The Mmpi-2-Rf And The Three-Factor Model Of Psychopathy, Katherine Achsah Lisa Hall

Theses and Dissertations

Psychopathy is a personality disorder characterized by antisocial deviance in the context of interpersonal and emotional detachment. The study of psychopathy in non-forensic samples is an area of growing interest, but one that is limited by the fact that most large-scale epidemiological studies, which collect a wealth of data that could further elucidate the phenotypic correlates, constructs, assessments, and etiologic mechanisms in psychopathy, typically do not include direct assessment of psychopathy construct or measurements. However, if facets of psychopathy could be predicted from other measures, such as broadband inventories of normal personality that are often administered in large-scale investigations, data ...


Students’ Perceptions Of The Campus Climate For Academic Integrity And Ethics: A Comparison Of Military Cadets And Civilian-College Students, Jeremy Lloyd Williams May 2018

Students’ Perceptions Of The Campus Climate For Academic Integrity And Ethics: A Comparison Of Military Cadets And Civilian-College Students, Jeremy Lloyd Williams

Theses and Dissertations

This study of perceptions of campus climate for Personal and Social Responsibility (PSR) evaluated the extent to which observable differences existed among campuses that had or did not have military cadets as their primary student population. Specifically, it looked at civilian colleges and universities and collegiate military academies such as the United States Military Academy at West Point (USMA) and the United States Air Force Academy at Colorado Springs (USAFA).

The data sample for this study came from civilian-college students and cadets enrolled in 23 colleges and universities (which included USMA and USAFA) that were chosen by the Association of ...


A Case Study Of Artists From The Kansas City Schools Experiment, Andrea Kathleen Merello May 2018

A Case Study Of Artists From The Kansas City Schools Experiment, Andrea Kathleen Merello

Theses and Dissertations

The Kansas City School District was unable to attain accreditation from 1955 until 2016, enduring high dropout rates, exceptionally low college entrance rates, and poor performances on standardized tests. At the district’s fine arts school, students also experienced these low educational outcomes. But despite these educational setbacks, the fine arts training they received appears to have contributed to their successful long-term outcomes in adulthood. The purpose of this case study is to explore the factors that contributed to talent development and overall thriving among adult artists who attended the fine arts school in this low performing school district. The ...


Simple Structure Mirt Equating For Multidimensional Tests, Stella Yun Kim May 2018

Simple Structure Mirt Equating For Multidimensional Tests, Stella Yun Kim

Theses and Dissertations

Equating is a statistical process used to accomplish score comparability so that the scores from the different test forms can be used interchangeably. One of the most widely used equating procedures is unidimensional item response theory (UIRT) equating, which requires a set of assumptions about the data structure. In particular, the essence of UIRT rests on the unidimensionality assumption, which requires that a test measures only a single ability. However, this assumption is not likely to be fulfilled for many real data such as mixed-format tests or tests composed of several content subdomains: failure to satisfy the assumption threatens the ...


A Survey Of Prek-12, University And Adult Online Language Educators’ Background, Experiences, Training And Challenges, Elizabeth Plummer May 2018

A Survey Of Prek-12, University And Adult Online Language Educators’ Background, Experiences, Training And Challenges, Elizabeth Plummer

Theses and Dissertations

This study focused on investigating the background, experiences, challenges and training of current online language teachers. An online survey was sent and completed by a total of 264 current online language teachers consisting of a total of 40 questions. Findings show online language teachers are highly experienced in face-to-face classrooms as reported by their years of experience and level of their advanced degrees but typically have less than five years of experience teaching online. They also teach in a variety of contexts including grade levels from early childhood education to adult education; in twenty different countries around the world; as ...


Planning To Co-Teach With Ell Teachers: How Discourse Positions Teachers Within Professional Learning Communities, Cindra K. Porter May 2018

Planning To Co-Teach With Ell Teachers: How Discourse Positions Teachers Within Professional Learning Communities, Cindra K. Porter

Theses and Dissertations

This purpose of this single case study was to describe the discursive practices of an ELL teacher and a general education teaching in a co-teaching PLC setting. With the increased use of co-teaching as an approach to English language development supports, it is vital to gain a better understanding of how teachers plan to support the academic learning of English learners, and what language they use in these interactions. This study implemented a qualitative research design based in grounded theory and positioning theory. The results of this study found that the discursive practices of co-teachers were based in the content ...


Undergrowth, Amber Lynn Ruden May 2018

Undergrowth, Amber Lynn Ruden

Theses and Dissertations

In this body of work I explore the changing qualities of nature and I strive to represent these subtle qualities in my earthy patinas and brightly enameled pieces. My work examines how the elements affect our natural world and how changing seasons and the passing of time causes humankind to change shape, and grow. I also strive to honor our natural world and my jewelry pays homage to nature and it’s transformative elements.


The Secondary Mathematics Experiences Of English Language Learners, Cristina Runnalls May 2018

The Secondary Mathematics Experiences Of English Language Learners, Cristina Runnalls

Theses and Dissertations

In recent decades, the landscape of the U.S. classroom has been drastically changing. Schools at every level are enrolling increasingly higher numbers of culturally and linguistically diverse learners, many in the process of learning English. These students, frequently called English language learners (ELLs), present new and unique challenges to educators. Many of these challenges concern language and the many ways it affects the educational experience. One concern of great interest involves better understanding the ways language and academic content interact. Language is a pivotal component of the learning experience, and likely to affect students’ perceptions of the classroom environment ...


The Transition From School To Jobs: The Stage Of Mismatch And Inequality, Dong Hoon Shin May 2018

The Transition From School To Jobs: The Stage Of Mismatch And Inequality, Dong Hoon Shin

Theses and Dissertations

Workers whose credentials and skills do not meet or exceed the required competencies for their jobs have been of interest to scholars investigating the transition from school to jobs. To understand how such mismatch arises in the transitional period, some scholars emphasize that the labor market cannot keep up with the pace of educational expansion. Thus, many highly educated workers do not find jobs that fit their schooling and skill level. Others locate the source of mismatch in the inability of education to produce enough workers with the desired skill levels in the labor market.

By focusing on this mismatch ...


Discourses Of Adolescence In Interpretations And Responses To Literature, Jenna Spiering May 2018

Discourses Of Adolescence In Interpretations And Responses To Literature, Jenna Spiering

Theses and Dissertations

Discourses of adolescence/ts that reduce teenagers to impulsive, hormonal, incomplete adults are pervasive, and affect the way that adolescence/ts is regarded in institutional spaces like schools. However, scholars in Critical Youth Studies (CYS) reject these determinations in favor of a vision of adolescence as a social construct; a construct that has changed throughout time and does not accurately reflect the lived experiences of diverse youth. This study considers the way in which these discourses are mobilized and circulating in one English Language Arts (ELA) classroom and, specifically, through the study of literature. Grounded in empirical scholarship that approaches ...


Incorporating Technology Into Analytical Chemistry, Neal Hausmann Jan 2018

Incorporating Technology Into Analytical Chemistry, Neal Hausmann

Honors Theses at the University of Iowa

This research project looks at how technology is being utilized in Analytical Chemistry 1 and how can technology usage be improved. The study started out with a lesson that was designed for discussion sections during one week of the semester. The lesson contained how to derive fractional concentration equations and how to use Excel to enter equations and plot the data correctly. After every discussion section was administered the lesson, every student taking the class was given a survey that asked questions about how it went and how is the class currently going. The survey also had an example problem ...


Gender And An All-Girls Book Club: Navigating Conversation Centered On Gender With Fifth Grade Girls, Anna Haller Jan 2018

Gender And An All-Girls Book Club: Navigating Conversation Centered On Gender With Fifth Grade Girls, Anna Haller

Honors Theses at the University of Iowa

Today is a dynamic time for women and gender in general. More terminology and gender labels are introduced to society, popular culture has a larger representation of transgender and female leads, and in general differences are more visible to children. As educators, we must prepare to address conversations of gender and gender expression in the classroom. The data collected comes from a year of collaboration with the Strong Girls Read Strong Books book club, a qualitative research study created by Dr. Renita Schmidt and Dr. Amanda Haertling Thein. The Strong Girls group meets at a local elementary school on Friday ...


Exploring The Experiences Of High School Refugee English Language Learners, Gabrielle Chelette Jan 2018

Exploring The Experiences Of High School Refugee English Language Learners, Gabrielle Chelette

Honors Theses at the University of Iowa

The purpose of my project was to explore the experiences of refugee English Language Learner (ELL) students. The importance of this topic is that refugees have unique needs based on past experiences. Also, teachers might not be experts on refugees and why they left their home country. Finally, we are experiencing an influx of refugees coming to America which makes it imperative to learn to create the best learning environment for these students. My research question is: What are the experiences of high school ELL students? To begin my research I first had to submit an Internal Review Board application ...


Examining The Association Between Therapeutic Factors And Outcomes Of Academic Enhancement Seminars, Kristin G Wurster Jan 2018

Examining The Association Between Therapeutic Factors And Outcomes Of Academic Enhancement Seminars, Kristin G Wurster

Theses and Dissertations

Many colleges have devoted institutional resources to retention initiatives, particularly those targeting students who have been placed on academic probation, but assessment of academic enhancement courses for students on academic probation has generally been limited to correlational studies in which the entire intervention serves as the independent variable. This study, guided by that of Kivlighan et al. (2018), applied knowledge of therapeutic factors related to positive outcomes in group psychotherapy to academic enhancement seminars in order to determine whether the same factors might also be associated with positive outcomes, as measured by semester grade point average (GPA) and participants’ reported ...


Using Contingency Contracting To Improve Social Interactions Between Students With Asd And Their Peers, Abdullah Abdulmohsen Alwahbi Dec 2017

Using Contingency Contracting To Improve Social Interactions Between Students With Asd And Their Peers, Abdullah Abdulmohsen Alwahbi

Theses and Dissertations

Students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have severe impairment in social skills, which affects all areas of development. Researchers have indicated peer-mediated intervention (PMI) may improve social skills of children with ASD. PMI involves training carefully selected nondisabled peers to teach academic or social skills to students with disabilities using strategies such as modeling, prompting, and reinforcement in an inclusive education setting. However, a review of the literature suggests that PMI in and of itself may be beneficial, but not sufficient, to enhance social interaction among students with ASD and their peers. The literature suggests that incorporating components that encourage ...


The Influence Of Perfectionism On Mental Health In Gifted And Twice-Exceptional Students, Margaret Mary Candler Dec 2017

The Influence Of Perfectionism On Mental Health In Gifted And Twice-Exceptional Students, Margaret Mary Candler

Theses and Dissertations

Although a long-standing interest in the abilities of gifted students exists, researchers and clinicians have only recently focused on specific factors that may impact the likelihood of mental health diagnoses, such as anxiety and depression, within this population. This is especially true for gifted students with co-existing disabilities, or twice-exceptional students, who may have unique experiences that differ from those of gifted students without disabilities. Perfectionism is one factor that may be important to consider when examining factors that impact the development of anxiety and depression within these populations.

The current study examined how perfectionism differs within gifted and twice-exceptional ...


Examining Posttraumatic Growth And Mindfulness In Individuals With Rheumatoid Arthritis, Anna Hoffman Aug 2017

Examining Posttraumatic Growth And Mindfulness In Individuals With Rheumatoid Arthritis, Anna Hoffman

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to assess for posttraumatic growth (PTG) in individuals with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study also sought to determine the relationship between PTG and mindfulness for people with RA. RA is a degenerative disease characterized by chronic joint pain and is associated with various kinds of psychological distress, including depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem. More recently, researchers have looked to ways in which living with RA may also promote personal growth. One of the most commonly researched conceptualizations of growth following hardship is posttraumatic growth (PTG). Some studies suggest that PTG may be positively related ...


Irt Linking Methods For The Bifactor Model: A Special Case Of The Two-Tier Item Factor Analysis Model, Kyung Yong Kim Aug 2017

Irt Linking Methods For The Bifactor Model: A Special Case Of The Two-Tier Item Factor Analysis Model, Kyung Yong Kim

Theses and Dissertations

For unidimensional item response theory (UIRT) models, three linking methods, which are the separate, concurrent, and fixed parameter calibration methods, have been developed and widely used in applications such as vertical scaling, differential item functioning, computerized adaptive testing (CAT), and equating. By contrast, even though a few studies have compared the separate and concurrent calibration methods for full multidimensional IRT (MIRT) models or applied the concurrent calibration method to vertical scaling using the bifactor model, no study has yet provided technical descriptions of the concurrent and fixed parameter calibration methods for any MIRT models. Thus, the purpose of this dissertation ...


Testimony In Narrative Educational Research: A Qualitative Interview, Narrative Analysis And Epistemological Evaluation, Justin Christopher Aug 2017

Testimony In Narrative Educational Research: A Qualitative Interview, Narrative Analysis And Epistemological Evaluation, Justin Christopher

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to assess issues that arise in the context of epistemological claims in narrative educational research by means of narrative analysis and epistemological evaluation. The research questions which guided the study were: 1) To what extent is epistemology considered by narrative educational researchers?; 2) What issues do narrative educational researchers perceive when capturing participant testimony?; 3) What procedures do narrative educational researchers carry out which assure of methodological rigor?; and 4) What additional procedures, either before, during or after a study, can narrative educational researchers carry forth to assure that the research is the most ...


The Intersection Of Counseling Pychology And The Prescriptive Authority For Psychologists Movement: A Qualitative Exploration At The Level Of The Professional Organization, Anthony P. Rinaldi Aug 2017

The Intersection Of Counseling Pychology And The Prescriptive Authority For Psychologists Movement: A Qualitative Exploration At The Level Of The Professional Organization, Anthony P. Rinaldi

Theses and Dissertations

The prescriptive authority for psychologists (RxP) movement contends that psychologists who receive specialized training should attain licensure to prescribe psychotropic medication. The RxP movement has presently culminated in psychologists in the United States prescribing at both the state and federal levels. However, the RxP movement remains contentious, and both supporters and opponents continue to disagree over its validity as a professional movement.

Division 17 of the American Psychological Association, the counseling psychology specialty’s professional organization, has not officially discussed the RxP movement since 1994. Given the developments within the RxP movement since then, this study endeavored to investigate the ...


An Analysis Of Reinstatement Of Appropriate Behavior, Stephen Edward Ryan Aug 2017

An Analysis Of Reinstatement Of Appropriate Behavior, Stephen Edward Ryan

Theses and Dissertations

Behavioral momentum theory provides a conceptual framework for the study of the recurrence of previously extinguished operant behavior. Commonly referred to as treatment relapse, this is the failure to maintain treatment gains (e.g., reductions in challenging behavior) when there is a change in conditions under which these gains were achieved. One treatment relapse paradigm previously examined in basic and applied research is reinstatement. Reinstatement of challenging behavior has been shown to occur when functional reinforcers are delivered on a fixed-time schedule following extinction of challenging behavior. Although examinations appropriate behavior have applied value, analyses of reinstatement have been conducted ...