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Full-Text Articles in Education

An Exploration Of School Counselors' Self-Efficacy For Advocacy Of Gifted Students, Sadohl Kisha Goldsmith Dec 2011

An Exploration Of School Counselors' Self-Efficacy For Advocacy Of Gifted Students, Sadohl Kisha Goldsmith

Theses and Dissertations

Current research suggests that gifted students possess a unique set of characteristics that require unique skills and knowledge to address properly. School counselors are in a position to address the unique needs of gifted students provided they have the knowledge required for effective interaction. School counselors are called to provide multiple services for all students in the school setting; among those services are to advocate for student needs as well as to maintain a level of knowledge that will facilitate effective advocacy. Although the current literature suggests that school counselors possess the unique skills to address the needs of gifted ...


An Examination Of The Equivalence Of The First Grade Dibels Oral Reading Fluency Probes, Chung-Hau Fan Dec 2011

An Examination Of The Equivalence Of The First Grade Dibels Oral Reading Fluency Probes, Chung-Hau Fan

Theses and Dissertations

Given the change in federal legislation allowing the consideration of a Response-To-Intervention (RTI) approach to making eligibility decisions for specific learning disabilities (IDEIA, 2004), it is crucial to establish sufficient evidence for using curriculum-based measurements (CBM) or CBM-like measures (e.g., Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills; DIBELS) for monitoring students' responses to interventions as part of the identification process for Specific Learning Disabilities. One critical component in an effective RTI model is the availability of parallel measures suited for frequent progress monitoring to index student performance over time. The current study investigated the equivalence of the twenty first ...


The Teacher's Role In The Establishment Of Whole-Class Dialogue In A Fifth Grade Science Classroom Using Argument-Based Inquiry, Matthew J. Benus Dec 2011

The Teacher's Role In The Establishment Of Whole-Class Dialogue In A Fifth Grade Science Classroom Using Argument-Based Inquiry, Matthew J. Benus

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the patterns of dialogue that were established and emerged in one experienced fifth-grade science teacher's classroom that used the argument-based inquiry (ABI) and the ways in which these patterns of dialogue and consensus-making were used toward the establishment of a grasp of science practice. Most current studies on ABI agree that it does not come naturally and is only acquired through practice. Additionally, the quality of dialogue is also understood to be an important link in support of student learning. Few studies have examined the ways in which a teacher develops ...


Foster Care Parents' Perceptions Of Their Foster Care Youth's Self-Efficacy Beliefs, Lesley Odette Irizarry-Fonseca Dec 2011

Foster Care Parents' Perceptions Of Their Foster Care Youth's Self-Efficacy Beliefs, Lesley Odette Irizarry-Fonseca

Theses and Dissertations

Every year, thousands of children end in foster care. It is estimated that approximately 24,000 foster youths age-out of the system each year. The improvement of outcomes of foster youths when they age-out of the system has been a concern among government agencies, policy makers, and advocates. Although research in the foster care area has studied the outcomes of foster youths when they age-out of the system, the role of the foster parents in improving these outcomes, especially in the area of career development, has not received the same attention. The purpose of this study was to explore the ...


Translating Sustainability: The Design Of A Secondary Charter School, Todd Michael Hodgkinson Dec 2011

Translating Sustainability: The Design Of A Secondary Charter School, Todd Michael Hodgkinson

Theses and Dissertations

Although numerous efforts have been made to enact the concept of sustainability in schools around the world, a single, replicable model of sustainability education fails to exist. Without a replicable model to follow or adapt, educators looking to enact the concept of sustainability are left to their own devices for deciding what this orientation towards schooling might look like within the contexts of their communities and with respect tot eh normative agenda of schooling in their country. Such a process is challenging. It calls for--among other things--an examination of the core attitudes, beliefs, skills and behaviors that individuals are expected ...


Neural Substrates Of Intrinsic Motivation: Fmri Studies, Woogul Lee Dec 2011

Neural Substrates Of Intrinsic Motivation: Fmri Studies, Woogul Lee

Theses and Dissertations

Numerous social and educational psychologists propose that intrinsic motivation generated by personal interests and spontaneous satisfactions is qualitatively different from extrinsic types of motivation generated by external compensations and also that intrinsic motivation is more beneficial to learning than extrinsic types of motivation. However, in the field of neuroscience, intrinsic motivation has been little studied while extrinsic types of motivation (e.g., incentive motivation) have been thoroughly studied. The purpose of the present studies was to expand the neural understanding of motivation to include intrinsic motivational processes. To do so, a series of three event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI ...


Examining The Influence Of The Residential School For The Deaf Experience On Deaf Identity, Frederick Douglass Staten Dec 2011

Examining The Influence Of The Residential School For The Deaf Experience On Deaf Identity, Frederick Douglass Staten

Theses and Dissertations

This study explored the impact of the residential school for the deaf experience on deaf identity development. The researcher utilized qualitative methodology, constant comparative analysis, and semi-structured interviews with 5 current students and 5 alumni from the Oregon School for the Deaf. The triangulation of participant interviews collectively yielded 67 textural codes and 8 structural categories in response to the four research questions: 1. Were there experiential factors that contributed to current students and alumni making the decision to attend the residential school for the deaf? 2. What, if any, is the impact of the residential school for the deaf ...


Toward Authentic Audiences : Blogging In A High School English Classroom, Michael Patrick Ayers Dec 2011

Toward Authentic Audiences : Blogging In A High School English Classroom, Michael Patrick Ayers

Theses and Dissertations

Though researchers have discussed adolescents' uses of social media and Web 2.0 texts outside school, little research has analyzed how such texts are used in classrooms. This study examines various perspectives on a group of high school students engaged in blogging as part of two language arts courses over an eight-month period. Research questions focused on how students conceived of and interacted with their readers, how they used structural features of the blogging platform to connect their blogs to one another, and how discourses of freedom of speech online led a few students to transgress school norms. To answer ...


Factors Related To School Violence Victimization: The Role Of Extracurricular Activities, Sharon Llewellyn Clark Dec 2011

Factors Related To School Violence Victimization: The Role Of Extracurricular Activities, Sharon Llewellyn Clark

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the current study was to determine if there are potential mediating factors to a student being victimized by school violence. Results from 5,409 middle school and high school student participants who completed the 2007 School Crime Supplement of the National Crime Victimization Survey, a nationally collected survey on victimization, were used to determine if there was a relationship between student victimization and extracurricular activity involvement. Specifically, the questions about victimization (bullying), extracurricular activity involvement, a relationship with an adult at school, and a relationship with a friend were used. Seven specific types of extracurricular activities (athletic ...


Organizational Commitment Among Licensed Practical Nurses: Exploring Associations With Empowerment, Conflict And Trust, Mary B Carman-Tobin Dec 2011

Organizational Commitment Among Licensed Practical Nurses: Exploring Associations With Empowerment, Conflict And Trust, Mary B Carman-Tobin

Theses and Dissertations

Healthcare organizational stability rests on organizational commitment. This study adds to the literature that demonstrates the mediating effects of empowerment on organizational commitment in a long understudied population of Licensed Practical Nurses (LPNs) employed full time. Organizational commitment encourages extra role behaviors, paramount in times of decreasing resources such as that facing all sectors of national health care. A 45-item work environment survey was distributed to all registered LPNs employed full time in one state (N = 5486) and 1164 (21%) responded. Data revealed that empowerment is associated with LPN organizational commitment and mediates effects of organizational conflict and trust on ...


Using Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy To Initiate And Maintain Regular Exercise In College-Age Men: A Qualitative Investigation, Jay Matthew Greenfeld Dec 2011

Using Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy To Initiate And Maintain Regular Exercise In College-Age Men: A Qualitative Investigation, Jay Matthew Greenfeld

Theses and Dissertations

Engaging in regular exercise has multiple health benefits--for example, physical (Anshel, 2003; Penedo & Dahn 2005); mental (Stathopoulou, Powers, Berry, Smits, & Otto, 2006); emotional (Berger Pargman, & Weinberg, 2002); and social (Anshel, Reeves, & Roth, 2003; Dishman, 1994; Lox, Martin, & Petruzzello, 2003). Unfortunately, there are as many barriers to people exercising (e.g., time, cost, and accessibility) as there are benefits. Consequently, approximately two-thirds of individuals living within the United States do not engage in regular exercise (i.e., 3 days per week for at least 45 minutes; CDC, 2006). Multiple interventions have been implemented to help individuals initiate regular exercise (e.g., psychotherapy, physicians, and community programs), but none of them review how an individual alters his or her thoughts about exercise that could lead to initiation. Addressing an individual's beliefs about engaging in regular exercise will add to the understanding of how modifying thoughts can help lead to initiation.

The purpose of the current study was ...


The Impact Of Co-Curricular Involvement On College Students' Need For Cognition, Gina Tagliapietra Nicoli Dec 2011

The Impact Of Co-Curricular Involvement On College Students' Need For Cognition, Gina Tagliapietra Nicoli

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to examine the influence of co-curricular involvement on the need for cognition. Using multiple regression, I analyzed the relationship between co-curricular involvement and the need for cognition while controlling for sex, race, pretest, precollege academic motivation, SES, precollege academic ability, high school involvement, institutional type, work, residence, major, non-classroom interactions with faculty, and the kind of instruction. I also analyzed whether race, sex, or the type of institution students' attend further influenced the effect of involvement on the need for cognition

The main effects model found the impact of involvement on the need for ...


Second Language Reading Topic Familiarity And Test Score: Test-Taking Strategies For Multiple-Choice Comprehension Questions, Jia-Ying Lee Dec 2011

Second Language Reading Topic Familiarity And Test Score: Test-Taking Strategies For Multiple-Choice Comprehension Questions, Jia-Ying Lee

Theses and Dissertations

The main purpose of this study was to compare the strategies used by Chinese- speaking students when confronted with familiar versus unfamiliar topics in a multiple-choice format reading comprehension test. The focus was on describing what students do when they are taking reading comprehension tests by asking students to verbalize their thoughts. The strategies were further compared with participants' level of familiarity with different reading topics and their reading scores. Twenty Chinese-speaking participants at the University of Iowa performed three tasks: a topical knowledge vocabulary assessment that served as an indicator of each participant's topical knowledge about the four ...


Risk Versus Resilience: An Exploratory Study Of Factors Influencing The Development Of Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms In Pediatric Burn Patients, Sarah Elizabeth Powers Dec 2011

Risk Versus Resilience: An Exploratory Study Of Factors Influencing The Development Of Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms In Pediatric Burn Patients, Sarah Elizabeth Powers

Theses and Dissertations

Children account for approximately 34% of the burn-injured population in the United States and are particularly at risk for developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or other significant psychopathology (i.e., behavioral and attentional difficulties, acute stress, depression, anxiety, phobias, dissociative symptoms, and enuresis). There is a significant risk that quality of life (QOL) can have a negative impact on children who have sustained a burn injury, particularly within the domain of social functioning. Specifically, children who meet the criteria for PTSD following a burn injury are at an increased risk of experiencing impairment in overall QOL. However, there remains significant ...


An Activity-Theory Analysis Of How College Students Revise After Writing Center Conferences, Samuel Alexander Van Horne Jul 2011

An Activity-Theory Analysis Of How College Students Revise After Writing Center Conferences, Samuel Alexander Van Horne

Theses and Dissertations

Although researchers in composition studies have examined the instructional conditions that help students revise successfully, there is little published scholarship about how college students use feedback from a peer tutor in the revising process. Thus, I designed a qualitative, collective case study to investigate how students revised after writing center conferences. I used the conceptual framework of activity theory to analyze the entire system of student revision. I used the concept of situation definition to examine how students' understanding of writing conferences and rhetorical concepts, such as revision, changed (or did not change) during the writing conference. I analyzed the ...


Posttraumatic Growth In Huntington Disease: Measuring The Effects Of Genetic Testing And Disease On Positive Psychological Change, Justin John Francis O'Rourke Jul 2011

Posttraumatic Growth In Huntington Disease: Measuring The Effects Of Genetic Testing And Disease On Positive Psychological Change, Justin John Francis O'Rourke

Theses and Dissertations

Huntington disease (HD) is a genetically transmitted fatal neurodegenerative condition that currently has no cure. The symptoms of HD are manifested as cognitive declines, neuropsychiatric disturbances, and motor dysfunction. An autosomal dominant genetic defect is responsible for the onset of HD, which means that the children of an affected parent have a 50% chance of inheriting the disease. Predictive genetic testing for HD has been available since 1993, and a positive test result means that a person will develop HD with 100% certainty. People who have the HD-gene expansion, but have not yet manifested unequivocal motor signs, are said to ...


"Betwixt Brewings": A History Of College Students And Alcohol, Michael Stephen Hevel Jul 2011

"Betwixt Brewings": A History Of College Students And Alcohol, Michael Stephen Hevel

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation offers a history of white college students' relationship with alcohol between 1820 and 1933. The years that frame this study represent a long crisis regarding alcohol in the United States. A dramatic rise in alcohol consumption began around 1800, the negative consequences of which led growing numbers of Americans, for the first time, to associate social evils with alcohol use. These initial realizations gave rise to a reform movement that ebbed and flowed over the next hundred years, reaching the pinnacle of its success in 1920, when national Prohibition became law. During this long century, college students' alcohol ...


A National Study : School Counselor Involvement In School, Family And Community Partnerships With Linguistically Diverse Families, Nadire Gulcin Aydin Jul 2011

A National Study : School Counselor Involvement In School, Family And Community Partnerships With Linguistically Diverse Families, Nadire Gulcin Aydin

Theses and Dissertations

In recent years, the number of linguistically diverse students (LDS) in the U.S. public school system has significantly increased (Araujo, 2009). Public school enrollment is projected to grow to 54 million in the year 2018 (Planty et al., 2009). Currently, one in every four students in the public school system is a LDS (NCELA, 2007). Evidence points to a wide gap between native English speakers and LDS on achievement tests (Albus, Thurlow, & Liu, 2002). Research on school counselor involvement in school, family, and community (SFC) partnerships is insufficient; few studies have examined school counselor involvement in SFC partnerships with linguistically diverse families (LDF).

Using unexamined variables, this study extends the findings of Bryan and Griffin ...


A Comparison Of Van Der Linden's Conditional Equipercentile Equating Method With Other Equating Methods Under The Random Groups Design, Seonho Shin Jul 2011

A Comparison Of Van Der Linden's Conditional Equipercentile Equating Method With Other Equating Methods Under The Random Groups Design, Seonho Shin

Theses and Dissertations

To ensure test security and fairness, alternative forms of the same test are administered in practice. However, alternative forms of the same test generally do not have the same test difficulty level, even though alternative test forms are designed to be as parallel as possible. Equating adjusts for differences in difficulties among forms of the test. Six traditional equating methods are considered in this study: equipercentile equating without smoothing, equipercentile equating with pre-smoothing and post-smoothing, IRT true-score and observed-score equatings, and kernel equating. A common feature of all of the traditional procedures is that the end result of equating is ...


A Story Of High School Inclusion: An Ethnographic Case Study, Ann Marie Mckee Jul 2011

A Story Of High School Inclusion: An Ethnographic Case Study, Ann Marie Mckee

Theses and Dissertations

This is an ethnographic case study of the inclusion of a fifteen-year-old male with severe disabilities in general education classes in a four-year high school in a medium-sized Midwestern city. The study took place during the student's freshman and sophomore years. The investigator interviewed 17 of the participants in the student's inclusion; administrators, special education staff, general education teachers, and parents--accumulating over 450 pages of transcribed interviews in the process. She spent five days in field observation of the student's general education classes and other school activities--all recorded in substantial on-site notes--and had access to relevant documents ...


Patent Litigation Involving Colleges And Universities: An Analysis Of Cases From 1980 - 2009, Maria Teresita Barker Jul 2011

Patent Litigation Involving Colleges And Universities: An Analysis Of Cases From 1980 - 2009, Maria Teresita Barker

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to identify trends and issues related to college and university involvement in patent litigation. The study found 568 reported cases between 1980 through 2009. From this initial set of cases, detailed review identified 171 patent-related lawsuits involving a college or university. A three-pronged approach to analysis was then conducted. First, analysis focused on characteristics of the parties involved in litigation. Second, the types of patents at issue were analyzed. Third, the procedural and substantive results of the lawsuits were analyzed to identify patterns of activities which contributed to the university involvement in the lawsuit ...


The Relationship Between Social Support, Optimism, And Cognition In Breast Cancer And Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Survivors, Torricia Helena Yamada Jul 2011

The Relationship Between Social Support, Optimism, And Cognition In Breast Cancer And Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Survivors, Torricia Helena Yamada

Theses and Dissertations

Cancer affects millions of people every year and survivorship has increased substantially recently. Two cancers that affect older adults is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and breast cancer, yet very little research has focused on cancer and survivorship in late life. Emerging research has suggested that chemotherapy could have deleterious consequences on cognition, but few studies have considered the long-term neurocognitive sequelae of chemotherapy. Furthermore, social support and optimism have been independently examined as predictors of quality of life in cancer patients, but little research has considered the effects of these variables on other outcomes, such as cognition. The aim of this ...


Language Socialization In Two Languages, Schoolings, And Cultures: A Descriptive Qualitative Case Study Of Korean Immigrant Children, Seon-Hye No Jul 2011

Language Socialization In Two Languages, Schoolings, And Cultures: A Descriptive Qualitative Case Study Of Korean Immigrant Children, Seon-Hye No

Theses and Dissertations

This is a descriptive qualitative study that explored Korean and English learning for Korean transnational immigrant children living in the United States. The study design included qualitative methods. Observations of five children in a Korean language school offered information about how they were taught Korean to retain their heritage language and culture. Additional observations of two of the children in their respective local public schools offered descriptions of their experiences learning English and U.S. public school culture. Interviews with the three teachers in these classrooms, as well as with three of the children's mothers, added background information and ...


Social Emotional Differences Of Students Who Have A Nonverbal Learning Disability Or Dysphasia, Carrie Ann Kimpton Heald Jul 2011

Social Emotional Differences Of Students Who Have A Nonverbal Learning Disability Or Dysphasia, Carrie Ann Kimpton Heald

Theses and Dissertations

Children who have Nonverbal Learning Disabilities (NLD) exhibit strengths in verbal domains and deficits in perceptual reasoning domains. These children are often seen as bright and may even be identified as gifted due to their superior decoding proficiency, expansive vocabulary, and remarkable rote memory skills. Conversely, psychosocial difficulties such as acquiring self-help skills and interacting with others appropriately often present serious challenges. Children with NLD may also vacillate between internalized (e.g., anxiety) and externalized (e.g., acting out) behaviors and are commonly seen as unmotivated, defiant, and oppositional. Given the potential psychosocial difficulties that children who have NLD experience ...


Multimodal Representation Contributes To The Complex Development Of Science Literacy In A College Biology Class, William Drew Bennett Jul 2011

Multimodal Representation Contributes To The Complex Development Of Science Literacy In A College Biology Class, William Drew Bennett

Theses and Dissertations

This study is an investigation into the science literacy of college genetics students who were given a modified curriculum to address specific teaching and learning problems from a previous class. This study arose out of an interest by the professor and researcher to determine how well students in the class Human Genetics in the 21st Century responded to a reorganized curriculum to address misconceptions that were prevalent after direct instruction in the previous year's class. One of the components to the revised curriculum was the addition of a multimodal representation requirement as part of their normal writing assignments. How ...


The Application Of Language-Game Theory To The Analysis Of Science Learning: Developing An Interpretive Classroom-Level Learning Framework, Mohammad Ahmadibasir Jul 2011

The Application Of Language-Game Theory To The Analysis Of Science Learning: Developing An Interpretive Classroom-Level Learning Framework, Mohammad Ahmadibasir

Theses and Dissertations

In this study an interpretive learning framework that aims to measure learning on the classroom level is introduced. In order to develop and evaluate the value of the framework, a theoretical/empirical study is designed. The researcher attempted to illustrate how the proposed framework provides insights on the problem of classroom-level learning. The framework is developed by construction of connections between the current literature on science learning and Wittgenstein's language-game theory. In this framework learning is defined as change of classroom language-game or discourse. In the proposed framework, learning is measured by analysis of classroom discourse. The empirical explanation ...


The Effect Of Using A Structured Reading Framework On Middle School Students' Conceptual Understanding Within The Science Writing Heuristic Approach, Jeong Yoon Jang Jul 2011

The Effect Of Using A Structured Reading Framework On Middle School Students' Conceptual Understanding Within The Science Writing Heuristic Approach, Jeong Yoon Jang

Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to investigate the impact of using a Structured Reading Framework within the Science Writing Heuristic approach on a summary writing task, and how this framework is related to the development of students' conceptual understanding in the summary writing task. A quasi-experimental design with sixth and seventh grade students taught by two teachers in the middle school was used. Each teacher had four classes with two classes using the Structured Reading Framework (treatment) and the other two classes used the original reading framework (control). A total of 170 students participated in the study, with 83 in the ...


Human Agency, Hardiness, And Proactive Personality : Potential Resources For Emerging Adults In The College-To-Career Transition, Arie Todd Greenleaf Jul 2011

Human Agency, Hardiness, And Proactive Personality : Potential Resources For Emerging Adults In The College-To-Career Transition, Arie Todd Greenleaf

Theses and Dissertations

Using Krumboltz's (2009) Happenstance Learning Theory as a theoretical framework, the three constructs of human agency, hardiness, and proactive personality were identified for their effectiveness in facilitating proaction and resilience during transitional and stressful circumstances. The purpose of this study was to explore whether human agency, hardiness, and proactive personality predict a successful college-to-career transition, measured by the confidence and readiness factors on the Career Transition Inventory (Heppner, 1991; Heppner, Multon, & Johnston, 1994). Linear regression analyses found that each of the study's independent variables predicted both the confidence and readiness factors. In addition, a stepwise regression analysis selected ...


Homeschooling In Iowa: An Investigation Of Curricular Choices Made By Homeschooling Parents, Tina Marie Jorgenson Jul 2011

Homeschooling In Iowa: An Investigation Of Curricular Choices Made By Homeschooling Parents, Tina Marie Jorgenson

Theses and Dissertations

Parents and caregivers across the nation are seeking ways to restructure education and provide new opportunities for their children. Among the alternative educational options, home schooling seems to be at the forefront. The research pertaining to home schooling is growing; however, there are still areas that need considerable attention. The purpose of this study was to investigate selected aspects of home schooling, also known as Competent Private Instruction (CPI) in Iowa, mainly the choice of curriculum and factors associated with that choice. The current study examined (a) the demographic characteristics of the selected population, (b) the type of curriculum used ...


Critical Literacy And The World Language Classroom: Complicating Culture Education, Anah Victoria Malamut Jul 2011

Critical Literacy And The World Language Classroom: Complicating Culture Education, Anah Victoria Malamut

Theses and Dissertations

There is a struggle within the field of world language teaching to design culture curricula that promote respect, acceptance and understanding of world cultures, positioning those cultures as different but equal to the cultures of students. The purpose of this paper is to (1) provide background about the history and current practices of culture education in world language classrooms, (2) explain critical literacy as a theory, its possibilities for instructional methodology, and how critical literacy can address the struggle in world language education and help teach students a deep, complex understanding of culture, (3) outline an adapted culture curriculum that ...