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University of Pennsylvania

2014

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Articles 1 - 30 of 63

Full-Text Articles in Education

Learning At The Bottom Of The Pyramid: Constraints, Comparability And Policy In Developing Countries, Daniel A. Wagner, Nathan M. Castillo Dec 2014

Learning At The Bottom Of The Pyramid: Constraints, Comparability And Policy In Developing Countries, Daniel A. Wagner, Nathan M. Castillo

Journal Articles (Literacy.org)

United Nations development goals have consistently placed a high priority on the quality of education—and of learning. This has led to substantive increases in international development assistance to education, and also to broader attention, worldwide, to the importance of children’s learning. Yet, such goals are mainly normative: they tend to be averages across nations, with relatively limited attention to variations within countries. This review provides an analysis of the scientific tensions in understanding learning among poor and marginalized populations: those at the bottom of the pyramid (BOP). While international agencies such as UNESCO and OECD often invoke these ...


Evaluation Of The I3 Scale-Up Of Reading Recovery | Year Two Report, 2012-13, Henry May, Heather Goldsworthy, Michael Armijo, Abigail M. Gray, Philip M Sirinides, Toscha J. Blalock, Helen Anderson-Clark, Andrew J. Schiera, Horatio Blackman, Jessica Gillespie, Cecile Sam Dec 2014

Evaluation Of The I3 Scale-Up Of Reading Recovery | Year Two Report, 2012-13, Henry May, Heather Goldsworthy, Michael Armijo, Abigail M. Gray, Philip M Sirinides, Toscha J. Blalock, Helen Anderson-Clark, Andrew J. Schiera, Horatio Blackman, Jessica Gillespie, Cecile Sam

CPRE Research Reports

Reading Recovery is a short-term early intervention designed to help the lowest-achieving readers in first grade reach average levels of classroom performance in literacy. Students identified to receive Reading Recovery meet individually with a specially trained Reading Recovery teacher every school day for 30-minute lessons over a period of 12 to 20 weeks. The purpose of these lessons is to support rapid acceleration of each child’s literacy learning. In 2010, The Ohio State University received a Scaling Up What Works grant from the U.S. Department of Education Investing in Innovation (i3) Fund to expand the use of Reading ...


An Urban Myth? New Evidence Of Equity, Adequacy And The Efficiency Of Educational Resources, Matthew Steinberg, Rand Quinn Dec 2014

An Urban Myth? New Evidence Of Equity, Adequacy And The Efficiency Of Educational Resources, Matthew Steinberg, Rand Quinn

CPRE Working Papers

In this article, we offer an empirical rejoinder to the oft-told story that large urban districts, like Philadelphia, are inefficient. We situate our study during the very short period in Pennsylvania’s recent history when efforts were dedicated to addressing the inequitable distribution of resources through a fair funding formula and to increasing the amount of resources available for education spending. Even in the presence of a funding formula, school districts like Philadelphia (SDP) with its large percentage of low-income students and English language learners were disproportionately burdened. Unsurprisingly, the SDP, like many districts across the nation, did not receive ...


The Discounting Trend At Us Universities, Alan Ruby Nov 2014

The Discounting Trend At Us Universities, Alan Ruby

GSE Publications

Few students in America are paying full price on fees, says Alan Ruby.


Minimising Brain Drain – The Pros And Cons, Laura W. Perna, Kata Orosz, Zakir Jumakulov Nov 2014

Minimising Brain Drain – The Pros And Cons, Laura W. Perna, Kata Orosz, Zakir Jumakulov

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


An Urban Myth? New Evidence On Equity, Adequacy, And The Efficiency Of Educational Resources In Pennsylvania, Matthew Steinberg, Rand Quinn Nov 2014

An Urban Myth? New Evidence On Equity, Adequacy, And The Efficiency Of Educational Resources In Pennsylvania, Matthew Steinberg, Rand Quinn

CPRE Policy Briefs

How and in what ways money matters in education is a long-standing question among policymakers and education researchers. This issue is particularly salient to large, urban school districts, where debates on the organization of school often gravitate toward issues of financial resources and academic performance. Large urban districts, the story goes, spend more money per pupil but generate lower than expected results. In this policy brief, University of Pennsylvania researchers Matthew P. Steinberg and Rand Quinn present evidence that addresses the oft-told story that large urban districts, such as the School District of Philadelphia (SDP), are inefficient.


The Role Of The Common Core In The Gubernatorial Elections Of 2014, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Bobbi Newman, Ariel Smith Nov 2014

The Role Of The Common Core In The Gubernatorial Elections Of 2014, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Bobbi Newman, Ariel Smith

CPRE Policy Briefs

After the Spring 2014 primaries, the Common Core State Standards were viewed as a political hot potato. As former Arkansas Governor Mike Huckabee said, “the Common Core has become toxic, I think it’s radioactive…It has become an incredibly controversial topic on both the left and the right.” Even so, the Common Core turned out to play a role in some of the governor’s races in November 2014.

In this analysis of candidate positions and the role of the Common Core across the 36 gubernatorial races of 2014, CPRE researchers Bobbi Newman, Jonathan Supovitz and Arial Smith used ...


Building A Lattice For School Leadership: The Top-To-Bottom Rethinking Of Leadership Development In England And What It Might Mean For American Education, Jonathan A. Supovitz Nov 2014

Building A Lattice For School Leadership: The Top-To-Bottom Rethinking Of Leadership Development In England And What It Might Mean For American Education, Jonathan A. Supovitz

CPRE Research Reports

This report examines the educational leadership development system in England over the last 15 years to identify ideas American leaders and policymakers might learn from looking cross-nationally. The report describes the rise of the National College for School Leadership in England, which spearheaded much of the early policy development and enactment and the subsequent governmental shift towards a more decentralized policy of fostering school networks. Supovitz envisions the potential assimilation of these two movements into an integrated lattice for school leadership.

The lattice for school leadership in England is the careful integration of formal and social learning opportunities for leaders ...


An Hbcu-Based Educational Approach For Black College Student Success: Toward A Framework With Implications For All Institutions, Marybeth Gasman, Andrew T. Arroyo Nov 2014

An Hbcu-Based Educational Approach For Black College Student Success: Toward A Framework With Implications For All Institutions, Marybeth Gasman, Andrew T. Arroyo

GSE Publications

This conceptual study builds an institution-focused, non-Eurocentric, theoretical framework of black college student success. Specifically, the study synthesizes the relevant empirical research on the contributions historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) have made for black student success, leading to an original model that all institutions can adapt to their contexts. Significantly, this is the first HBCU-based theoretical model to appear in the academic literature. The study concludes with several implications for research and practice, including testing the model and using it in institutional planning.


State Of Attainment: Three Ways That States Can Help More Students Access Higher Levels Of Education, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney Nov 2014

State Of Attainment: Three Ways That States Can Help More Students Access Higher Levels Of Education, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney

GSE Publications

Fourteenth place. That's where the United States ranked in the proportion of 25- to 34-year-olds who achieved postsecondary degrees, according to a 2012 report by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development. Unless the U.S. increases the share of the population that has completed a college degree, the country will lack the educational skills and training required to meet the workforce demands of a global economy. Sixty-three percent of job researchers predict, will require education beyond high school in 2018. For the U.S. to be competitive on a global scale, it must devote more effort to closing ...


An Hbcu-Based Educational Approach For Black College Student Success: Toward A Framework With Implications For All Institutions, Andrew Arroyo, Marybeth Gasman Nov 2014

An Hbcu-Based Educational Approach For Black College Student Success: Toward A Framework With Implications For All Institutions, Andrew Arroyo, Marybeth Gasman

GSE Publications

This conceptual study builds an institution-focused, non-Eurocentric, theoretical framework of black college student success. Specifically, the study synthesizes the relevant empirical research on the contributions historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) have made for black student success, leading to an original model that all institutions can adapt to their contexts. Significantly, this is the first HBCU-based theoretical model to appear in the academic literature. The study concludes with several implications for research and practice, including testing the model and using it in institutional planning.


A Welcome Clash Of Academic Cultures, Alan Ruby Oct 2014

A Welcome Clash Of Academic Cultures, Alan Ruby

GSE Publications

Alan Ruby reflects on an unscripted display of the differences between national research communities.


Slowing Entropy: Instructional Policy Design In New York City, 2011-12, Jonathan A. Supovitz Oct 2014

Slowing Entropy: Instructional Policy Design In New York City, 2011-12, Jonathan A. Supovitz

CPRE Policy Briefs

How do policymakers craft policies, particularly centered on the Common Core State Standards, to be more resilient and less likely to disintegrate during enactment? Researcher Jonathan Supovitz in Slowing Entropy: Instructional Policy Design in New York City, 2011-12 examines the design of a New York City Department of Education policy intended to engage teachers and principals across NYC with the instructional challenges of Common Core State Standards (CCSS). This summary provides an instructive backstory to some of the thought processes of the policy architects and provides insight into the way that careful policymaking can be more resilient to decay as ...


How State Education Agencies Acquire And Use Research In School Improvement Strategies, Margaret E. Goertz, Diane Massell, Carol Barnes Oct 2014

How State Education Agencies Acquire And Use Research In School Improvement Strategies, Margaret E. Goertz, Diane Massell, Carol Barnes

CPRE Policy Briefs

Policymakers have urged state education agencies (SEAs) to engage with organizations outside of their agencies to extend their capacity and to help them collect and use research to support school improvement. However, little is known about how SEAs search for, select, and use research in their school improvement efforts.

In the first study to examine communication structures, social capital, and information networks within SEAs, researchers Goertz, Barnes, and Massell in How State Education Agencies Acquire and Use Research in School Improvement Strategies applied social network perspectives and methods to identify knowledge sources utilized by SEAs. Their findings provide important insights ...


Teacher Churn In Missouri’S Five Biggest Cities, 2005-2014: A Briefing, Jill Bowdon, Robert Boruch Sep 2014

Teacher Churn In Missouri’S Five Biggest Cities, 2005-2014: A Briefing, Jill Bowdon, Robert Boruch

GSE Publications

This policy brief:

(1) contrasts the proportion of math and science teachers who leave STEM fields within one year, three years, five years, and ten years with the proportion of English or Social Studies teachers who turnover during these intervals

(2) examines stability of the year-to-year turnover from STEM fields

(3) describes how teachers who leave math or science teaching assignments move into other STEM assignments, to non-STEM assignments, or leave the public schools of Missouri entirely, and

(4) describes the rates at which teachers who are still teaching in STEM fields remain in the same school and district, shift ...


The Small University With Big International Reach, Alan Ruby Sep 2014

The Small University With Big International Reach, Alan Ruby

GSE Publications

Valparaiso University’s message of knowledge, understanding, and faith means that it attracts a global student base, says Alan Ruby.


Review Of Michel Anteby, Manufacturing Morals: The Values Of Silence In Business School Education, Nicolas Cornell Sep 2014

Review Of Michel Anteby, Manufacturing Morals: The Values Of Silence In Business School Education, Nicolas Cornell

Legal Studies and Business Ethics Papers

How can we teach people to be moral? It is a difficult, deep, and terribly important question. Michel Anteby's Manufacturing Morals aims to make a contribution to answering that question by studying the inner workings of Harvard Business School (HBS).


On Not Taking Language Inequality For Granted: Hymesian Traces In Ethnographic Monitoring Of South Africa’S Multilingual Language Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger Sep 2014

On Not Taking Language Inequality For Granted: Hymesian Traces In Ethnographic Monitoring Of South Africa’S Multilingual Language Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

South African higher education is at a critical juncture in the implementation of South Africa’s multilingual language policy promoting institutional status for nine African languages, English, and Afrikaans. South African scholars, not content merely to comment from the sidelines on the policy, its promise, and challenges, have also engaged in implementation efforts. This article explores two such initiatives, both focusing on the use of African languages in higher education institutions where English is already established as the medium of instruction, and both undertaken with explicit goals of righting South Africa’s longstanding social injustices. I collaborated with colleagues at ...


“Until I Became A Professional, I Was Not, Consciously, Indigenous”: One Intercultural Bilingual Educator’S Trajectory In Indigenous Language Revitalization, Nancy H. Hornberger Sep 2014

“Until I Became A Professional, I Was Not, Consciously, Indigenous”: One Intercultural Bilingual Educator’S Trajectory In Indigenous Language Revitalization, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

Drawing from long-term ethnographic research in the Andes, this paper examines one Quechua-speaking Indigenous bilingual educator’s trajectory as she traversed (and traverses) from rural highland communities of southern Peru through development as teacher, teacher educator, researcher, and advocate for Indigenous identity and language revitalization across urban, periurban, and rural spaces. Neri Mamani grew up in highland Peru and at the time I met her in 2005 was a bilingual intercultural education practitioner enrolled in master’s studies at the Program for Professional Development in Bilingual Intercultural Education for the Andean Region (PROEIB-Andes) at the University of San Simón in ...


A Novel Calling Intervention For Career Development And Well-Being, Susanna Wu-Pong Aug 2014

A Novel Calling Intervention For Career Development And Well-Being, Susanna Wu-Pong

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Callings describe work that serves a cause greater than oneself and provides meaning and purpose in life. Living a calling at work has been linked with a number of positive outcomes including well-being, intrinsic motivation, and life satisfaction. In this capstone, I describe a career and professional development class at a major university designed to help professional, graduate and postdoctoral students, predominantly in biomedical disciplines, find more meaning and purpose through callings. The class incorporates classic career counseling concepts with a calling framework that includes self-awareness, authentic purpose, and strengths. This capstone provides an overview of the course and a ...


Strengths Building, Resilience, And The Bible: A Story-Based Curriculum For Adolescents Around The World, Dana Mcdaniel Seale Aug 2014

Strengths Building, Resilience, And The Bible: A Story-Based Curriculum For Adolescents Around The World, Dana Mcdaniel Seale

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Abstract

Depression is the leading cause of illness and disability in adolescents worldwide. Resilience training, founded on principles of positive psychology, is correlated with lower depression and substance misuse in U.S. adolescents and military personnel. However, resilience training has focused primarily on secular interventions using western material. Religion is strongly correlated with lower depression and also with well-being in developing countries. Ninety percent of adolescents live in developing countries, and at least two-thirds are oral learners who prefer learning through stories and drama. This paper proposes a Bible story based curriculum that trains students in problem solving skills, character ...


Teaching Beautiful Questions: Using Literature To Teach Youth Appreciative Inquiry (Ai), Shira R. Reicher Aug 2014

Teaching Beautiful Questions: Using Literature To Teach Youth Appreciative Inquiry (Ai), Shira R. Reicher

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Learning to ask the right questions and being empowered to dream is essential to 21st century education. In an effort to create innovative citizens who are able to compete in our increasingly diverse and competitive world, youth can be taught how to discover and build on successful aspects of the past, dream creatively about the future, ask positive questions to design plans, and deliver action. These four components, discovering, dreaming, designing, and delivering, are the mainstays of Appreciative Inquiry (AI), a positive approach to organizational development. In recent years, AI has been increasingly utilized with youth. Teaching AI facilitates ...


Magic At The Movies: Positive Psychology For Children, Adolescents And Families, Linda Jones Rufer Md Aug 2014

Magic At The Movies: Positive Psychology For Children, Adolescents And Families, Linda Jones Rufer Md

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Children learn in part from what they see and hear, whether modeling parents’ or peers’ behavior, reading books, or viewing movies. Parents and their children share the same and often unspoken goal—to live “the good life”—in a state of well-being. Character strengths are foundational to well-being, and movies are a rich source with which to build character strengths and hence flourishing. However, even though movies are considered efficacious (and more rigorous studies are needed), there are minimal resources for parents on how to use this powerful tool with their children and teenagers. Movies are presented here as an ...


Getting The Best People Into The Toughest Jobs, Allan Odden Aug 2014

Getting The Best People Into The Toughest Jobs, Allan Odden

CPRE Policy Briefs

Teachers and principals have the greatest impact on student learning. Unfortunately, our public education system, until recently, selected and tenured thousands of ineffective teachers and principals particularly in high-poverty urban school and rural schools. But the landscape of how teachers and principals—the education talent—are managed is dramatically changing. A comprehensive and holistic view of strategic talent management in education is developing, supported by new and ambitious federal and state policies and rapidly changing local practices.

Strategic talent management is an approach that manages all human resource programs—recruitment, selection, placement, development, evaluation, tenure, promotion, dismissal, and compensation—around ...


What Are The Effects Of Teacher Education And Preparation On Beginning Teacher Attrition?, Richard Ingersoll, Lisa Merrill, Henry May Aug 2014

What Are The Effects Of Teacher Education And Preparation On Beginning Teacher Attrition?, Richard Ingersoll, Lisa Merrill, Henry May

CPRE Research Reports

This study addresses the question: Do the kinds and amounts of pre-service education and preparation that beginning teachers receive before they start teaching have any impact on whether they leave teaching? Authors Richard Ingersoll, Lisa Merrill, and Henry May examine a wide range of measures of teachers’ subject-matter education and pedagogical preparation. They compare different fields of teaching, with a particular focus on mathematics and science, using data from the National Center for Education Statistics’ nationally representative 2003-04 Schools and Staffing Survey and its supplement, the 2004-05 Teacher Follow-up Survey. The analyses show that beginning teachers widely varied in the ...


Why State Leadership Matters For Improving Access To Higher Education, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney Jul 2014

Why State Leadership Matters For Improving Access To Higher Education, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Using Digital Content To Provide Students With Virtual Experiences In An Online History Of The Book Course, Lisl Zach, Shawn Martin Jul 2014

Using Digital Content To Provide Students With Virtual Experiences In An Online History Of The Book Course, Lisl Zach, Shawn Martin

Scholarship at Penn Libraries

The History of the Book course is a traditional mainstay of library and information science (LIS) education and a perennial favorite among students valuing contact with physical artifacts. In the digital age, knowledge representation has become independent of individual objects and such classes need to reflect these changes. Working collaboratively with experts from the University of Pennsylvania Libraries’ Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books, and Manuscripts, Drexel University and UPenn faculty have developed a new online version of this discussion based course offered as part of the MS(LIS) degree in the College of Computing and Informatics. This new ...


Mobiles For Reading: A Landscape Research Review, Daniel A. Wagner Jun 2014

Mobiles For Reading: A Landscape Research Review, Daniel A. Wagner

Working Papers (Literacy.org)

This landscape review takes the broad domain of new information and communications technologies (ICTs) for education, and focuses on the fast-evolving sub-domain of mobiles for reading, or M4R. The 'mobiles' in this review primarily refer to mobile technologies— ICTs that are portable, typically battery powered, and may be connected to cellular networks and/or the Internet. The term 'reading' refers to the joint abilities of understanding and producing written language, for children, youth and adults. This review of M4R focuses primarily on the use of mobile ICTs designed to help children learn to read, practice reading (reading to learn), and ...


Review Of Leanne Hinton, Bringing Our Languages Home: Language Revitalization For Families, Nancy H. Hornberger Jun 2014

Review Of Leanne Hinton, Bringing Our Languages Home: Language Revitalization For Families, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

How does one concretely go about reclaiming a heritage language with no living speakers? or with only a few members of an elder generation of native speakers? How does one do this within a family? an extended family? a school? a community? The authors in this book have tackled these questions in their own lives and share with us their wisdom, strategies, achievements, challenges, and hopes from the vantage point of twenty and more years of experience in these endeavors.


Making Sense Of A Looking Glass World, Robert M. Zemsky, Susan Shaman, Laura W. Perna May 2014

Making Sense Of A Looking Glass World, Robert M. Zemsky, Susan Shaman, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

As the Walrus in Lewis Carroll's knows, it is the sorting out that matters most. And in colleges and universities, just as in oysters, those of the largest size and most prestige will almost certainly insist on being grouped together, no matter what the consequences. Working with the support of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation we have set for ourselves the task of doing just that—using data drawn from the U.S. Department of Education's Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) to sort American colleges and universities into recognizable clusters that or segments that facilitate the making ...