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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Role Of External Support Providers In Improving K-3 Reading Outcomes In New York, Thomas Hatch, Meesuk Ahn, Daniel Ferguson, Alyson Rumberger Feb 2019

The Role Of External Support Providers In Improving K-3 Reading Outcomes In New York, Thomas Hatch, Meesuk Ahn, Daniel Ferguson, Alyson Rumberger

CPRE Policy Briefs

No abstract provided.


Mapping The Reading Improvement Sector In New York City The Role Of External Support Providers In Improving K-3 Reading Outcomes, Thomas Hatch, Meesuk Ahn, Daniel Ferguson, Alyson Rumberger Feb 2019

Mapping The Reading Improvement Sector In New York City The Role Of External Support Providers In Improving K-3 Reading Outcomes, Thomas Hatch, Meesuk Ahn, Daniel Ferguson, Alyson Rumberger

CPRE Working Papers

This report shares the results of a project designed to help build the collective capacity and increase the impact of the external support providers working to improve K-3 reading outcomes in New York City public elementary schools. In the first phase of the project, we identified all the programs in what we call the K-3 reading improvement sector in NYC 2014-15. In the second phase, we examined the extent to which a sample of these programs have the goals, resources, and personnel to improve reading outcomes system-wide. In the third phase, we mapped the relationships among a sample of programs ...


Typology Of Teacher Leadership Programs, Jill Harrison Berg, Peter Horn, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Jason Margolis Jan 2019

Typology Of Teacher Leadership Programs, Jill Harrison Berg, Peter Horn, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Jason Margolis

CPRE Research Reports

Education leaders are perennially seeking new ways to build the capacity of teachers to enhance learning experiences for all students. Teacher leadership, which we define as teachers’ support of the improvement of teaching and learning beyond their own classroom, has long been a source of interest and experimentation (Wenner & Campbell, 2017; York-Barr & Duke, 2004). Teacher leadership recognizes teachers’ instructional expertise as an asset for educational improvement, capitalizes upon teachers’ relationships with their colleagues to support change, and may provide career advancement opportunities to improve job satisfaction and the professionalization of teaching. For these and other reasons, states, districts, funders and teachers themselves have become increasingly interested in the promise of teacher leadership.

In this study, we map the landscape of teacher leadership programs across the U.S. and identify commonalities and distinctions amongst the range of programs. Using a variety of search approaches to capture publicly-available information, we document 285 state, local, university, and foundation-sponsored programs that use a variety of techniques to support teachers as leaders. We then categorize the forms of support, attending to program models, objectives, sponsorship, and audience.

We identify three major forms of support provided by teacher leadership programs: (1) preparation of teachers with knowledge and skills that can help them to lead; (2) positioning of teachers in leadership roles to capitalize upon their expertise; and (3) recognition of teachers as leaders through awards and other forms of appreciation or acknowledgement. While some programs focus only on one of these approaches, most employed a combination of these forms of support. Based on this ...


Seven Trends: The Transformation Of The Teaching Force – Updated October 2018, Richard M. Ingersoll, Elizabeth Merrill, Daniel Stuckey, Gregory Collins Nov 2018

Seven Trends: The Transformation Of The Teaching Force – Updated October 2018, Richard M. Ingersoll, Elizabeth Merrill, Daniel Stuckey, Gregory Collins

CPRE Research Reports

Report amended November 1, 2018.

Has the elementary and secondary teaching force changed in recent years? And, if so, how? Have the types and kinds of individuals going into teaching changed? Have the demographic characteristics of those working in classrooms altered? This report summarizes the results of an exploratory research project that investigated what trends and changes have, or have not, occurred in the teaching force over the past three decades.

Our main data source was the Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) and its supplement, the Teacher Follow-Up Survey (TFS) – collectively the largest and most comprehensive source of data on ...


Experimental Impacts Of The Ongoing Assessment Project On Teachers And Students, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Caroline B. Ebby, Janine Remillard, Robert A. Nathenson Oct 2018

Experimental Impacts Of The Ongoing Assessment Project On Teachers And Students, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Caroline B. Ebby, Janine Remillard, Robert A. Nathenson

CPRE Research Reports

In this report, we describe the results of a rigorous two-year study of the impacts of a mathematics initiative called Ongoing Assessment Project (OGAP) on teacher and student learning in grades 3-5 in two Philadelphia area school districts. OGAP is a mathematics program which combines teacher formative assessment practices with knowledge of student developmental progressions to build deeper student understanding of mathematics content. OGAP includes teacher professional development, classroom resources, school-based routines for regular practice, and ongoing school-based supports. The study was conducted in 61 schools during the 2014-15 and 2015-16 school years, with OGAP randomly assigned to 31 schools ...


Ecdataworks Data Story Activity Guide, Kate Grannemann, Ruth Lett, Philip M. Sirinides Sep 2018

Ecdataworks Data Story Activity Guide, Kate Grannemann, Ruth Lett, Philip M. Sirinides

CPRE Conference Presentations and Papers

Learning from data is not easy. Developing data stories can support data use among stakeholders at the state and local levels. This resource is intended to support stakeholders working in small groups to develop data stories requiring integrated early childhood data, but can support planning for the use of other types of data as well. The goal of this activity is to engage stakeholders and build a shared understanding of data needs and uses through facilitated conversations.


Improving Data, Improving Outcomes Conference (Ecdataworks), Missy Coffey, Kate Grannemann, Philip Sirinides Aug 2018

Improving Data, Improving Outcomes Conference (Ecdataworks), Missy Coffey, Kate Grannemann, Philip Sirinides

CPRE Conference Presentations and Papers

No abstract provided.


Monasteries Of The Future, Miles G. Bukiet Aug 2018

Monasteries Of The Future, Miles G. Bukiet

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

For millennia, monasteries have been at the forefront of training virtues such as compassion, transcendence, service, gratitude, forgiveness, and grit, as well as foundational psychological capacities such as self-regulation, sustained, voluntary attention, emotional intelligence, and meta-cognitive awareness. Monasteries of the Future are modern institutions, both secular and religious, designed to provide the requisite financial, social, intellectual, and instructional support necessary to train a new generation of contemplative adepts. Forming a network of centers which collaborate and compete, Monasteries of the Future will establish and uphold the highest standards in the contemplative field. By partnering with modern science, most notably positive ...


Creative Problem Solving As A Positive Intervention And Approach To Career Development, Laura Delprato Aug 2018

Creative Problem Solving As A Positive Intervention And Approach To Career Development, Laura Delprato

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Every year, over 19 million college students in the United States face big decisions like choosing a major, securing an internship, and deciding their next steps after graduation (National Center for Education Statistics, 2018). With rapid advancements in the world of work, there are many emerging environmental factors that make these decisions complex and challenging (Callanan, Perri, & Tomkowicz, 2017). This paper explores how positive psychology and creative problem solving research can support students as they make career-related decisions and design their lives. Advancements in positive psychology build a foundation of research that supports work as a pathway to flourishing. Accordingly ...


Rooted In Resilience: A Framework For The Integration Of Well-Being In Teacher Education Programs, Jessica Spurgeon, Lauren Thompson Aug 2018

Rooted In Resilience: A Framework For The Integration Of Well-Being In Teacher Education Programs, Jessica Spurgeon, Lauren Thompson

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

The process of teaching students is incredibly difficult. Oftentimes, the adversities of the profession sway highly effective teachers into social and emotional deficits, and eventually lead to burnout (Spilt, Koomen, & Thijs, 2011; Wisniewski & Gargiulo, 1997). Emotional depletion, burnout, and high attrition in the profession may be costly for the educational system – both financially and academically (Klusmann, Richter, & Lüdtke, 2016). We suggest that the key to preventing burnout, and cultivating flourishing students, is through the educators themselves. Educators who are taught, practice, and implement the skills of well-being at the onset of their careers are more likely to positively adapt and endure the ...


Harry Potter And The Enhancement Of Hope: What Harry Potter And Positive Psychology Can Teach Us About The Good Life, Ashley Wolf Aug 2018

Harry Potter And The Enhancement Of Hope: What Harry Potter And Positive Psychology Can Teach Us About The Good Life, Ashley Wolf

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

This capstone explores J.K. Rowling’s Harry Potter books through the lens of positive psychology, the scientific study of human flourishing. Specifically, it proposes that reading Harry Potter is a positive intervention, an evidence-based activity that enhances peoples well-being, especially given its potential to spark hope in its readers. Hope is one of the positive psychological character strengths most associated with happiness and life satisfaction, yet is one of the least endorsed worldwide. This suggests a need to offer people around the world easily accessible interventions through which they can cultivate more hope. Through its ubiquitous ability to resonate ...


Better Together: Enhancing Team Collaboration In Science (Etcsi) To Improve Well-Being And Medicine Discovery, Lara S. Kallander Aug 2018

Better Together: Enhancing Team Collaboration In Science (Etcsi) To Improve Well-Being And Medicine Discovery, Lara S. Kallander

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Public health is dependent on the discovery of new medicines, and due to the considerable investment already required, the discovery process needs to be made more efficient. One approach is to use positive psychology to enhance collaboration among scientific researchers, which would lead to the discovery of more medicines by enhancing innovation, problem solving, and decision making. Scientists are technical experts that are not trained in collaboration skills despite this being critical to their success in the workplace. A one-day training program has been developed here to enhance team collaboration in science (ETCSi). Building skills in trust, communication, and belonging ...


To Randomize Or Not To Randomize? That Is The Question, Robert Boruch Jun 2018

To Randomize Or Not To Randomize? That Is The Question, Robert Boruch

GSE Publications

Women Affirming Motherhood (WAM) recently received substantial support from the Empire Foundation for WAM’s work in assisting pregnant young women. As part of the grant, Empire required WAM to elicit bids for an independent evaluation of WAM’s performance. In what follows, the focus is on evaluating WAM’s effects. In particular, the concern is whether and how a randomized controlled trial (RCT) might be deployed so as to produce a fair estimate WAM’s effects.

The approach to addressing the concern is interrogatory, as the title suggests. The topic’s handling here is more Socratic than it is ...


College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier Jun 2018

College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier

GSE Publications

A public compact for postsecondary education in the 21st century must have at its core a commitment to educational opportunity. The demands of the knowledge economy and modern democracy require that most Americans have the opportunity to develop critical thinking, problem solving, communication, and technological knowledge and skills.


College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States — State Risk Assessments, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier Jun 2018

College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States — State Risk Assessments, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Positive Education At The Shipley School, Noof Aljneibi, Carl Chung, Alex Glass, Kate Li, Ashley Wolf May 2018

Positive Education At The Shipley School, Noof Aljneibi, Carl Chung, Alex Glass, Kate Li, Ashley Wolf

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Service Learning Projects

Positive education, a unique blend of academic learning and positive psychology theory on well-being, is becoming increasingly important in today’s educational system, as mental disorders like anxiety and depression continue to increase in schools. Located in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, The Shipley School, an independent PK-12 school, is an early adopter of positive education. In August 2017, Shipley led a three-day positive psychology retreat for all of its colleagues (teachers and staff); 25 self-selected colleagues, known as trained trainers, received an additional two days of training to guide them towards becoming thought leaders at Shipley. Preliminary evidence suggests that student ...


From Surviving To Thriving: How Colleges Can Use The Science Of Positive Psychology To Enhance Student Well-Being, Sharon F. Danzger May 2018

From Surviving To Thriving: How Colleges Can Use The Science Of Positive Psychology To Enhance Student Well-Being, Sharon F. Danzger

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Depression and anxiety have been on the rise on college campuses. Reports indicate that more than a quarter of undergraduate students are suffering from mental health issues (Eisenberg & Ketchen Lipson, 2017). While it is likely that support for mental illness will always be needed, the science of positive psychology offers additional opportunities for improving mental health. Through research-based interventions, it may be possible to reduce symptoms associated with many of the issues facing today’s college students, from depression and anxiety to feelings of not belonging and a lack of resilience. This paper explores the current state of mental health ...


Using Positive Psychology To Bolster Student Success At Gateway Community College, Erik Otto Driessen, Adam Burgoon, Devon Tomasulo, Esther Chewning Apr 2018

Using Positive Psychology To Bolster Student Success At Gateway Community College, Erik Otto Driessen, Adam Burgoon, Devon Tomasulo, Esther Chewning

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Service Learning Projects

Supported by a situational analysis and review of positive psychological literature, this paper outlines an application plan to support GateWay Community College’s ‘experiential learning with a purpose' vision which focuses on infusing meaning into students’ career development and learning. This vision was articulated by Kerry Sanderson, Director of Career Services, and Jessica Brosilo, Service Learning Center Coordinator, in the form of three guiding principles for our work: 1) accessing large student populations, 2) developing students' personal meaning and understanding of purpose through career goals, and 3) cultivating a broader view of success beyond career goals. Future-mindedness and self-efficacy emerged ...


Negotiating A Better Future: How Interpersonal Skills Facilitate Inter-Generational Investment, Nava Ashraf, Natalie Bau, Corinne Low, Kathleen Mcginn Apr 2018

Negotiating A Better Future: How Interpersonal Skills Facilitate Inter-Generational Investment, Nava Ashraf, Natalie Bau, Corinne Low, Kathleen Mcginn

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

Using a randomized control trial, we examine whether offering adolescent girls non-material resources -- specifically, negotiation skills -- can improve educational outcomes in a low-income country. In so doing, we provide the first evidence on the effects of an intervention that increased non-cognitive, interpersonal skills during adolescence. Long-run administrative data shows that negotiation training significantly improved educational outcomes over the next three years. The training had greater effects than two alternative treatments (offering girls a safe physical space with female mentors and offering girls information about the returns to education), suggesting that negotiation skills themselves drive the effect. Further evidence from a ...


China’S Overseas Investment Should Not Neglect Education, Alan Ruby, Asia Li Apr 2018

China’S Overseas Investment Should Not Neglect Education, Alan Ruby, Asia Li

GSE Publications

History shows that the Belt and Road initiative will be successful only if it boosts human capital, as well as physical infrastructure, says Alan Ruby.


The Gini Coefficient’S Magic Does Not Work On Standardized Test Scores, Selene Sunmin Lee Apr 2018

The Gini Coefficient’S Magic Does Not Work On Standardized Test Scores, Selene Sunmin Lee

GSE Graduate Student Research

The Gini coefficient, an indicator that is often used to measure the inequality in the distribution of income within countries, is meaningless when used on standardized test scores. This is because the value of the Gini coefficient depends on the scale’s mean and standard deviation which are arbitrarily selected by the test developers. Keeping the standard deviation of the scale constant, increasing the mean will decrease the Gini coefficient, while keeping the mean of the scale constant, increasing the standard deviation will increase the Gini coefficient. In addition, when Gini coefficients are estimated with scores on two different scales ...


Enactment Of Lessons From A Technology-Based Curriculum: The Role Of Instructional Practices In Students’ Opportunity To Learn, Caroline Brayer Ebby, Philip Sirinides, Ryan Fink Mar 2018

Enactment Of Lessons From A Technology-Based Curriculum: The Role Of Instructional Practices In Students’ Opportunity To Learn, Caroline Brayer Ebby, Philip Sirinides, Ryan Fink

CPRE Research Reports

Digital tools and technology-based activities offer new and promising opportunities for students to actively explore mathematical concepts and ideas in ways supported by current reforms and visions of mathematics instruction. This report provides an in-depth look at the implementation of SunBay Digital Mathematics (SunBay Math) during the second year of an i3 validation project, in two large Florida districts. SunBay Math is a set of middle-school curriculum replacement units centered on the use of technology-based, dynamically linked representations to learn core mathematical concepts. We focus specifically on patterns and relationships between instructional practices and instructional quality in 26 videotaped lesson ...


The I3 Validation Of Sunbay Digital Mathematics, Philip Sirinides, Abigail M. Gray Mar 2018

The I3 Validation Of Sunbay Digital Mathematics, Philip Sirinides, Abigail M. Gray

CPRE Research Reports

Decades of research have emphasized the need for engaging, accessible ways to help students learn fundamental mathematical concepts. Research also shows that teacher beliefs about teaching and learning have an outsized influence on the quality and effectiveness of curricular interventions. This article reports results of an independent evaluation of the i3 implementation of SunBay Digital Mathematics, a middle-school math intervention, and examines the program’s impacts on both student progress and teachers’ beliefs about math instruction. Prior studies have demonstrated the efficacy of SunBay Math for students of varied levels of prior achievement. This independent evaluation included a randomized controlled ...


Teachers' Work Practices In Kazakhstan: Some Comparative Insights From Timms 2011 To Guide Curriculum Implementation, Alan Ruby, Colleen Mclaughlin Mar 2018

Teachers' Work Practices In Kazakhstan: Some Comparative Insights From Timms 2011 To Guide Curriculum Implementation, Alan Ruby, Colleen Mclaughlin

GSE Publications

This paper looks at the different norms of practice between mathematics teachers in two countries, Kazakhstan and England. These differences pose challenges and opportunities for the implementation of a new secondary curriculum in Kazakhstan; a curriculum that has been shaped by and is grounded in prevailing practice in English educational system. The paper draws on survey data from the 2011 TIMSS exercise and relates it to our observations of classrooms in Kazakhstan over the last 5 years. The analy­sis draws on various cross­national studies of teachers’ work and studies of subject departments. The paper concludes with a discussion ...


Ethnography Of Language Planning And Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger, Aldo A. Tapia, David H. Hanks, Frances K. Dueñas Mar 2018

Ethnography Of Language Planning And Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger, Aldo A. Tapia, David H. Hanks, Frances K. Dueñas

GSE Publications

A decade ago, Hornberger & Johnson proposed that the ethnography of language planning and policy (ELPP) offers a useful way to understand how people create, interpret, and at times resist language policy and planning (LPP). They envisioned ethnographic investigation of layered LPP ideological and implementational spaces, taking up Hornberger's plea five years earlier for language users, educators, and researchers to fill up and wedge open ideological and implementational spaces for multiple languages, literacies, identities, and practices to flourish and grow rather than dwindle and disappear. With roots going back to the 1980s and 1990s, ethnographic research in LPP had been ...


The Appearance Of Statistical Ideas In Prose, Poetry, And Drama: A Dictionary Of Quotations, Aphorisms, Apothegms, Excerpts And Epigrams, Robert Boruch Feb 2018

The Appearance Of Statistical Ideas In Prose, Poetry, And Drama: A Dictionary Of Quotations, Aphorisms, Apothegms, Excerpts And Epigrams, Robert Boruch

GSE Publications

It is not always easy to understand ideas that are statistical or probabilistic in character. It is even less easy to explain those ideas well.

The quotations in this collection were assembled partly to understand how to understand, at least insofar as words (rather than statistical models) permit, and how writers think and explain.

One of the motives here is also to assure that readers know from where the quotations come. Anybody nowadays can do a Google search and get what is alleged to a quote by someone famous. But the Googler might never know from where the thing came ...


An Investigation Into Best Practices And Lessons Learnt With Respect To China's Crackdown On Corruption, Dominic Kwok Jan 2018

An Investigation Into Best Practices And Lessons Learnt With Respect To China's Crackdown On Corruption, Dominic Kwok

Joseph Wharton Scholars

Corruption is a well-documented problem in China, as well as many other developed and undeveloped countries across the world. The problem is particularly pronounced in countries that have undergone rapid economic transformation, allowing large amounts of wealth to fall into the hands of a select few individuals. Although corruption has been researched extensively, what is less covered are potential solutions that the country, and others looking to carry out similar reform, could use to combat corruption most effectively. As China has transitioned from a planned economy to a market economy, and the economy has become more powerful than ever, corruption ...


Posttraumatic Growth And Residential Therapy: Cultivating Environments That Support And Facilitate Posttraumatic Growth And Positive Well-Being., Tracey Bachrach Jan 2018

Posttraumatic Growth And Residential Therapy: Cultivating Environments That Support And Facilitate Posttraumatic Growth And Positive Well-Being., Tracey Bachrach

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Residential therapy is intended for those needing mental health crisis intervention. The well-being of these people cannot be overlooked and should take an active role in the treatment process, especially for those struggling with the symptomology of posttraumatic stress. By utilizing both positive psychology and posttraumatic growth theory and practice, participants in residential therapy may strengthen personal well-being thus encouraging the posttraumatic growth process. Focusing on positive affect, engagement, relationships, meaning, and achievement can stimulate and support posttraumatic growth in an intentional setting such as residential therapy. This will shift treatment goals and outcomes away from deficit diagnosis and recovery ...


The We Over Me Farm At Paul Quinn College: A Review, Acacia V. Overstreet Jan 2018

The We Over Me Farm At Paul Quinn College: A Review, Acacia V. Overstreet

Social Impact Research Experience (SIRE)

In 2010, Paul Quinn College, located in South Dallas, Texas, created the WE Over Me Farm. Paul Quinn College and the WE Over Me farm were formerly located in a food desert. Thus, the farm was created in order to address the issues most prevalent in its community: food access and food insecurity. The WE Over Me Farm is a sustainable plant farm located on Paul Quinn College’s former football field. When created, the WE Over Me Farm was intended to provide access to fresh fruits and vegetables in a community starved of healthy food options. Previously, residents located ...


The Rise Of Educational Technologies In Latin America: An Analysis Of Brazilian And Mexican Ecosystems, Melissa Jassir Jan 2018

The Rise Of Educational Technologies In Latin America: An Analysis Of Brazilian And Mexican Ecosystems, Melissa Jassir

Social Impact Research Experience (SIRE)

This paper aims to analyze the perception and impact of educational technologies (EdTechs) in Latin America through the case studies of Brazil and Mexico, the two largest markets for EdTechs in Latin America. The main methodology of data collection used throughout this paper is qualitative interviews with entrepreneurs, foundations, and investors in the field. Additionally, the research is supported by literature reviews that provide a more holistic, macro-level perspective about the topic of interest. Based on the information collected, it can be deduced that entrepreneurs had a very critical opinion of the current state of education in their respective countries ...