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Full-Text Articles in Education

State Education Reform In The 1980s, University Of Pennsylvania Nov 1989

State Education Reform In The 1980s, University Of Pennsylvania

CPRE Policy Briefs

To shed light on these questions, in 1986 the Center for Policy Research in Education (CPRE) began a five-year study of the implementation and effects of state education reforms in six states chosen for their diverse approaches to reform: Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Minnesota, and Pennsylvania.

Some findings from the first three years of this research were published by CPRE in a report, The Progress of Reform: An appraisal of State Education Initiatives, written by William A. Firestone, Susan H. Fuhrman and Michael W. Kirst. In writing the report, the authors relied to a great extent on research conducted by ...


Literacy Campaigns: Past, Present, And Future. Review Of Robert F. Arnove And Harvey J. Graff (Eds.), National Literacy Campaigns: Historical And Comparative Aspects; Paulo Freire And Donaldo Macedo, Literacy: Reading The Word And The World; Ali Hamadache And Daniel Martin, Theory And Practice Of Literacy Work: Policies, Strategies And Examples, Daniel A. Wagner May 1989

Literacy Campaigns: Past, Present, And Future. Review Of Robert F. Arnove And Harvey J. Graff (Eds.), National Literacy Campaigns: Historical And Comparative Aspects; Paulo Freire And Donaldo Macedo, Literacy: Reading The Word And The World; Ali Hamadache And Daniel Martin, Theory And Practice Of Literacy Work: Policies, Strategies And Examples, Daniel A. Wagner

Journal Articles (Literacy.org)

The topic of literacy seems to be returning to the top of the development agenda. Since the 1960s, with UNESCO's Experimental World Literacy Programme (EWLP), there has been a drift away from large-scale literacy programs for development, if not in the minds of Third World educators, then at least in the minds of development planners in major policy-making centers such as the World Bank, UN agencies, and bilateral funding agencies. Perhaps this was due to the problems of EWLP (described in A. Gillette's chapter in Arnove & Graff) or simply to economists' reactions to literacy as a "basic human right," which may have struck policymakers as not sufficiently linked to development outcomes such as economic growth, improved agricultural practices, and so forth. At least part of the resurgence of interest in literacy stems from the realization that illiteracy is not just a Third World problem; attention to and research on illiteracy in North American and Europe have ...


Graduating From High School: New Standards In The States, University Of Pennsylvania Apr 1989

Graduating From High School: New Standards In The States, University Of Pennsylvania

CPRE Policy Briefs

This brief examines attempts by states to improve public education by increasing high school course requirements in 1989. According to a report published by the Center for Policy Research in Education, these attempts have had mixed results. As a result of the reforms, low-and middle-achieving students are taking more courses in science and math, but there are serious questions about the quality of the courses themselves. This issue of CPRE Policy Briefs is based on the report which was written with assistance from Paula White and Janice Patterson.


The Effects Of High School Organization On Dropping Out, Anthony S. Bryk, Yeow Meng Thum Feb 1989

The Effects Of High School Organization On Dropping Out, Anthony S. Bryk, Yeow Meng Thum

CPRE Policy Briefs

This paper examines the effects of school characteristics on both the probability of dropping out and the strongest predictor of dropping out - absenteeism. The authors employ a sub-sample from the High School and Beyond database which contains results of background questionnaires and standardized achievement tests given in 1980 to approximately 30,000 sophomores in 110 public and private high schools. The students, both those still in school as well as those who had dropped out, were resurveyed two years later. Supplemental school data were also obtained from principal questionnaires.


Measuring Literacy Through Household Surveys: A Technical Study On Literacy Assessment And Related Education Topics Through Household Surveys, Daniel A. Wagner, A.B.L. Srivastava Jan 1989

Measuring Literacy Through Household Surveys: A Technical Study On Literacy Assessment And Related Education Topics Through Household Surveys, Daniel A. Wagner, A.B.L. Srivastava

Working Papers (Literacy.org)

This study on Measuring Literacy through Household Surveys is one of a series of technical studies undertaken by the Statistical Office of the United Nations in Pursuance of the National Household Survey Capability Programme, to assist developing countries in the organization of household surveys.


Higher Education And Corporate Careers, Michael Useem Jan 1989

Higher Education And Corporate Careers, Michael Useem

Management Papers

American business has looked to higher education for over half a century for the training of its managers. Until the 1920s, few future managers would have sought a college education for entry into management. Although college degrees have long been the expected foundation for the medical and legal professions, it was not until this era that business turned to higher education for the socialization and preparation of its future leadership. The emergence of the large, multidivisional corporation, the rise of what business historian Alfred Chandler has termed the "visible hand," placed a premium on sophisticated decision making, increasingly recognized as ...