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Full-Text Articles in Education

Experimental Impacts Of The Ongoing Assessment Project On Teachers And Students, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Caroline B. Ebby, Janine Remillard, Robert A. Nathenson Oct 2018

Experimental Impacts Of The Ongoing Assessment Project On Teachers And Students, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Caroline B. Ebby, Janine Remillard, Robert A. Nathenson

CPRE Research Reports

In this report, we describe the results of a rigorous two-year study of the impacts of a mathematics initiative called Ongoing Assessment Project (OGAP) on teacher and student learning in grades 3-5 in two Philadelphia area school districts. OGAP is a mathematics program which combines teacher formative assessment practices with knowledge of student developmental progressions to build deeper student understanding of mathematics content. OGAP includes teacher professional development, classroom resources, school-based routines for regular practice, and ongoing school-based supports. The study was conducted in 61 schools during the 2014-15 and 2015-16 school years, with OGAP randomly assigned to 31 schools ...


Monasteries Of The Future, Miles G. Bukiet Aug 2018

Monasteries Of The Future, Miles G. Bukiet

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

For millennia, monasteries have been at the forefront of training virtues such as compassion, transcendence, service, gratitude, forgiveness, and grit, as well as foundational psychological capacities such as self-regulation, sustained, voluntary attention, emotional intelligence, and meta-cognitive awareness. Monasteries of the Future are modern institutions, both secular and religious, designed to provide the requisite financial, social, intellectual, and instructional support necessary to train a new generation of contemplative adepts. Forming a network of centers which collaborate and compete, Monasteries of the Future will establish and uphold the highest standards in the contemplative field. By partnering with modern science, most notably positive ...


Rooted In Resilience: A Framework For The Integration Of Well-Being In Teacher Education Programs, Jessica Spurgeon, Lauren Thompson Aug 2018

Rooted In Resilience: A Framework For The Integration Of Well-Being In Teacher Education Programs, Jessica Spurgeon, Lauren Thompson

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

The process of teaching students is incredibly difficult. Oftentimes, the adversities of the profession sway highly effective teachers into social and emotional deficits, and eventually lead to burnout (Spilt, Koomen, & Thijs, 2011; Wisniewski & Gargiulo, 1997). Emotional depletion, burnout, and high attrition in the profession may be costly for the educational system – both financially and academically (Klusmann, Richter, & Lüdtke, 2016). We suggest that the key to preventing burnout, and cultivating flourishing students, is through the educators themselves. Educators who are taught, practice, and implement the skills of well-being at the onset of their careers are more likely to positively adapt and endure the ...


College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier Jun 2018

College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier

GSE Publications

A public compact for postsecondary education in the 21st century must have at its core a commitment to educational opportunity. The demands of the knowledge economy and modern democracy require that most Americans have the opportunity to develop critical thinking, problem solving, communication, and technological knowledge and skills.


From Surviving To Thriving: How Colleges Can Use The Science Of Positive Psychology To Enhance Student Well-Being, Sharon F. Danzger May 2018

From Surviving To Thriving: How Colleges Can Use The Science Of Positive Psychology To Enhance Student Well-Being, Sharon F. Danzger

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Depression and anxiety have been on the rise on college campuses. Reports indicate that more than a quarter of undergraduate students are suffering from mental health issues (Eisenberg & Ketchen Lipson, 2017). While it is likely that support for mental illness will always be needed, the science of positive psychology offers additional opportunities for improving mental health. Through research-based interventions, it may be possible to reduce symptoms associated with many of the issues facing today’s college students, from depression and anxiety to feelings of not belonging and a lack of resilience. This paper explores the current state of mental health ...


Teachers' Work Practices In Kazakhstan: Some Comparative Insights From Timms 2011 To Guide Curriculum Implementation, Alan Ruby, Colleen Mclaughlin Mar 2018

Teachers' Work Practices In Kazakhstan: Some Comparative Insights From Timms 2011 To Guide Curriculum Implementation, Alan Ruby, Colleen Mclaughlin

GSE Publications

This paper looks at the different norms of practice between mathematics teachers in two countries, Kazakhstan and England. These differences pose challenges and opportunities for the implementation of a new secondary curriculum in Kazakhstan; a curriculum that has been shaped by and is grounded in prevailing practice in English educational system. The paper draws on survey data from the 2011 TIMSS exercise and relates it to our observations of classrooms in Kazakhstan over the last 5 years. The analy­sis draws on various cross­national studies of teachers’ work and studies of subject departments. The paper concludes with a discussion ...


Summer Camp Professionals’ Positive Psychology Certification Program, Kenneth Schainman Aug 2017

Summer Camp Professionals’ Positive Psychology Certification Program, Kenneth Schainman

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

This Capstone provides the rationale and preliminary curriculum for a Summer Camp Professionals’ Positive Psychology Certification Program. One hundred and fifty years before the advent of positive psychology, summer camps were designed to teach children the art of flourishing (Paris, 2008). During that time, camps have organically developed techniques to foster positive emotion, engagement, positive relationships, meaning and accomplishment –fundamental building blocks of Martin Seligman’s (2011) PERMA model of wellbeing. As effective as camps are at promoting flourishing, however, they can become even more so by incorporating new insights and techniques from the field of positive psychology. The Camp ...


But Thinking Makes It So: A Curriculum To Build An Optimistic Explanatory Style Leveraging High School Dramatic Arts, Adriana Mora Vargas Aug 2017

But Thinking Makes It So: A Curriculum To Build An Optimistic Explanatory Style Leveraging High School Dramatic Arts, Adriana Mora Vargas

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

An association exists between optimism and emotional, physical and performance benefits that can help protect high school students against depression and strengthen resilience. Learning to change one’s explanatory style is a way to promote optimism. High school drama programs present an opportunity to teach positive psychology skills, such as optimism, to increase the well-being of students. At the same time, these skills offer an opportunity for actors to gain mastery in their craft. This paper proposes a four-class high school drama curriculum that attempts to do both. Curriculums to change explanatory style have already been designed with successful results ...


How State Education Agencies Can Support College And Career Ready Standards, Emily Hodge, Serena Salloum, Susanna Benko Jun 2017

How State Education Agencies Can Support College And Career Ready Standards, Emily Hodge, Serena Salloum, Susanna Benko

CPRE Policy Briefs

No abstract provided.


Strategies For Strengthening The Technical Workforce: A Review Of International Evidence, Katharine M. Conn Phd, Elizabeth H. Park, Wakasa Nagakura Phd, Sherihan Khalil, Thomas Corcoran Jun 2017

Strategies For Strengthening The Technical Workforce: A Review Of International Evidence, Katharine M. Conn Phd, Elizabeth H. Park, Wakasa Nagakura Phd, Sherihan Khalil, Thomas Corcoran

CPRE Research Reports

Numerous countries suffer from a shortage of technicians and skilled workers, particularly in the STEM fields (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics), due to a mismatch between the skills and interests of the students graduating from or leaving the current education system and the needs of the labor market. Often, parents and students place a high priority on entering and completing university, and as a consequence, many students pursue academic education in secondary schools in order to gain entrance to university, only to find themselves entering the job market lacking the skills they need for employment and advancement. Further, in some ...


Teacher Well-Being And Resilience: Podcasts As A Tool For Global Reach, Sophia Kokores, Anne Johnstone, Julia King, Amanda Jones May 2017

Teacher Well-Being And Resilience: Podcasts As A Tool For Global Reach, Sophia Kokores, Anne Johnstone, Julia King, Amanda Jones

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Service Learning Projects

Teachers are under increasing pressure inside and outside the classroom, at work and at home. There is a growing need for resilience training and tools to help increase teacher well- being. As part of their global support for teachers, the International Positive Education Network (IPEN) is keen to develop a program to help teachers learn about and develop their resilience. Team Indigo, (four teachers and MAPP students), have developed a plan for a podcast approach to teaching resilience to teachers that includes empirically based strategies and case study interviews with real teachers. A podcast platform has been chosen for ease ...


School-Based Structures That Support Teacher Use Of Learning Trajectory Frameworks, Janine Remillard, Cecile Sam, Jordan D'Olier, Hayden Lyons May 2017

School-Based Structures That Support Teacher Use Of Learning Trajectory Frameworks, Janine Remillard, Cecile Sam, Jordan D'Olier, Hayden Lyons

CPRE Conference Presentations and Papers

The OGAP intervention incorporates two approaches to mathematics instruction that are well supported by research, but have not been uniformly adopted in U.S. schools: The first is ongoing formative assessment by teachers to tailor instruction to student needs (Black & Wiliam, 1998); the second is the use of learning trajectories to specify conceptual pathways for student development within specific domains (Daro et al., 2011; Sztajn et al., 2012). Implementing OGAP in schools involves a great deal of learning on the part of teachers and school leaders. It also involves embracing a fundamental shift in how one thinks about learning and designing instruction ...


Driven To Perform: Tennessee's Higher Education Policies & Outcomes: A Case Study, Joni E. Finney, Elaine W. Leigh, Roman Ruiz, Wendy Castillo, Edward Smith, Daniel C. Kent Apr 2017

Driven To Perform: Tennessee's Higher Education Policies & Outcomes: A Case Study, Joni E. Finney, Elaine W. Leigh, Roman Ruiz, Wendy Castillo, Edward Smith, Daniel C. Kent

GSE Publications

This report presents a picture of how multiple converging state policies affect higher educaton performance in Tennessee as the state pursues an aggressive plan to improve the educational attainment of its residents. Policy is a powerful lever for advancing—or hindering—a state's higher education attainment agenda. By taking into account Tennessee's particular state context, we can better understand the factors influencing the content, formation, implementation, and ultimate success of higher education policy intended to improve performance and meet state attainment goals (Perna & Finney, 2014).


El Aprendizaje En La Base De La Pirámide: Restricciones, Comparabilidad Y Política En Países En Vías De Desarrollo, Daniel A. Wagner, Nathan M. Castillo Jan 2017

El Aprendizaje En La Base De La Pirámide: Restricciones, Comparabilidad Y Política En Países En Vías De Desarrollo, Daniel A. Wagner, Nathan M. Castillo

Journal Articles (Literacy.org)

Los objetivos para el desarrollo de las Naciones Unidas han asignado, de manera sostenida, una alta prioridad a la calidad educativa —y a la del aprendizaje. Esto ha llevado a avances sustanciales en ayuda para el desarrollo internacional hacia la educación, y también a una mayor atención, a nivel mundial, a la importancia del aprendizaje de los niños. Sin embargo, tales metas son principalmente normativas: tienden a representar promedios entre naciones, brindando limitada atención a las variaciones dentro de dichos países. La presente investigación proporciona un análisis de las tensiones científicas en la comprensión del aprendizaje en poblaciones pobres y ...


A Failing Safety Net: Declining Community College Affordability, Ben Williams, Joni E. Finney, Sarah Torres Dec 2016

A Failing Safety Net: Declining Community College Affordability, Ben Williams, Joni E. Finney, Sarah Torres

GSE Publications

The nation’s community colleges serve as the educational safety net for millions of students. While the safety net is showing signs of wear, it can be restored within current state and federal policies guiding higher education. Bipartisan support can and should be developed for this agenda because it cuts across the desire within both major political parties to create opportunities for those left behind.


Do Schools Mater For High Math Achievement? Evidence From The American Mathematics Competitions, Glenn Ellison, Ashley Swanson Jun 2016

Do Schools Mater For High Math Achievement? Evidence From The American Mathematics Competitions, Glenn Ellison, Ashley Swanson

Health Care Management Papers

This paper uses data from the American Mathematics Competitions to examine the rates at which different high schools produce high-achieving math students. There are large differences in the frequency with which students from seemingly similar schools reach high achievement levels. The distribution of unexplained school effects includes a thick tail of schools that produce many more high-achieving students than is typical. Several additional analyses suggest that the differences are not primarily due to unobserved differences in student characteristics. The differences are persistent across time, suggesting that differences in the effectiveness of educational programs are not primarily due to direct peer ...


Language And Voice, Nancy H. Hornberger Apr 2016

Language And Voice, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

These resources cannot be neglected much longer without lasting negative effects. While we have introdu ed here the idea of a “resource-­language” to talk about cultural and linguistic maintenance, we must see the differences between these and material resources like coal and oil. We can leave the oil in the ground and it will still be there to use in a hundred years; the more we use it, and the more we use it unwisely, the less we have of it later. Just the opposite is true of language and culture. The more we use these, the more we ...


The End Of The Lecture?, Peter T. Struck Mar 2016

The End Of The Lecture?, Peter T. Struck

Departmental Papers (Classical Studies)

This is a challenging environment for the lecture. In recent years, we have seen a welcome degree of ferment and experimentation in teaching, mostly using technology. As innovators make their cases for this or that new way, they often find it useful to push back against the old. And when something is needed to push back against, it's usually the lecture that comes into their sights. In an OpEd in the New York Times last fall, Eric Mazur, a Harvard physicist, was quoted as saying, "it's almost unethical to be lecturing." Unethical. That's pretty strong beer.


Partnering With School Districts To Improve Mathematics Instruction, Jonathan A. Supovitz Mar 2016

Partnering With School Districts To Improve Mathematics Instruction, Jonathan A. Supovitz

CPRE Conference Presentations and Papers

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of Ogap On Elementary Math Teacher Knowledge And Student Achievement, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Abigail Gray Mar 2016

The Impact Of Ogap On Elementary Math Teacher Knowledge And Student Achievement, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Abigail Gray

CPRE Conference Presentations and Papers

No abstract provided.


Reading Recovery: An Evaluation Of The Four-Year I3 Scale-Up, Henry May, Philip M Sirinides, Abigail Gray, Heather Goldsworthy Mar 2016

Reading Recovery: An Evaluation Of The Four-Year I3 Scale-Up, Henry May, Philip M Sirinides, Abigail Gray, Heather Goldsworthy

CPRE Research Reports

CPRE released its evaluation of one of the most ambitious and well-documented expansions of a U.S. instructional curriculum. The rigorous independent evaluation of the Investing in Innovation (i3) scale-up of Reading Recovery, a literacy intervention for struggling first graders, was a collaboration between CPRE and the Center for Research on Education and Social Policy (CRESP) at the University of Delaware.

The CPRE/CRESP evaluation revealed that students who participated in Reading Recovery significantly outperformed students in the control group on measures of overall reading, reading comprehension, and decoding. These effects were similarly large for English language learners and students ...


Classics: Curriculum & Profession, Peter T. Struck Jan 2016

Classics: Curriculum & Profession, Peter T. Struck

Departmental Papers (Classical Studies)

The challenges currently facing classicists are not so different from those our profession has faced for the last one hundred and fifty years, and with each challenge, a discipline sometimes imagined as outsiders to be slow to embrace the new has shown itself naturally disposed to experimentation. The discipline's agility derives from the unique degree of variegation in the modes of thinking required to thrive in it: from interpretive, to quantitative, to those relying on knowledge of culture and context. As the value of education is increasingly judged in terms of workforce development, we stand our best chance to ...


The Ongoing Assessment Project (Ogap): Impact Findings, Implementation Puzzles & Next Steps, Jonathan A. Supovitz Jan 2016

The Ongoing Assessment Project (Ogap): Impact Findings, Implementation Puzzles & Next Steps, Jonathan A. Supovitz

CPRE Conference Presentations and Papers

No abstract provided.


In Search Of Terra Firma: Administrative Records On Teachers’ Positional Instability Across Subjects, Grades, And Schools And The Implications For Deploying Randomized Controlled Trials, Robert Boruch, F. Joseph Merlino, Jill Bowdon, John Baker, Jessica Chao, Ji Eun Park, Michael Frisone, Tianpeng Ye, Tom Hooks, Andrew C. Porter Jan 2016

In Search Of Terra Firma: Administrative Records On Teachers’ Positional Instability Across Subjects, Grades, And Schools And The Implications For Deploying Randomized Controlled Trials, Robert Boruch, F. Joseph Merlino, Jill Bowdon, John Baker, Jessica Chao, Ji Eun Park, Michael Frisone, Tianpeng Ye, Tom Hooks, Andrew C. Porter

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


2016 College Affordability Diagnosis: National Report, Joni E. Finney Jan 2016

2016 College Affordability Diagnosis: National Report, Joni E. Finney

GSE Publications

College Affordability Diagnosis is the most comprehensive state-by-state study of college affordability since 2008, when the last Measuring Up report was completed by the National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education.


Revisiting Orientations In Language Planning: Problem, Right, And Resource As An Analytical Heuristic, Francis M. Hult, Nancy H. Hornberger Jan 2016

Revisiting Orientations In Language Planning: Problem, Right, And Resource As An Analytical Heuristic, Francis M. Hult, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

In 1984, Richard Ruiz set forth three orientations to language planning: language as problem, language as right, and language as resource. Since that time, the orientations have only become more powerful, rising to the level of paradigm in the field of language policy and planning (LPP). In this paper, we revisit Ruiz’s orientations. By drawing upon Ruiz’s own work as well as the work of other scholars who have been inspired by him, we unpack the ideas aligned with each orientation in order to reflect upon the application of the three orientations as a heuristic for LPP. In ...


Are There Metrics For Moocs From Social Media?, Alan Ruby, Laura W. Perna, Robert Boruch, Nicole Wang Dec 2015

Are There Metrics For Moocs From Social Media?, Alan Ruby, Laura W. Perna, Robert Boruch, Nicole Wang

GSE Publications

Since "the year of the MOOC" in 2012, the effectiveness of massive open online course (MOOCs) has been widely debated. Some argue that MOOCs are not an effective mode of instructional delivery because of low completion rates. In the interest of developing alternative indicators of performance this study draws from recent efforts to measure engagement in social media, as well as from research on indicators of student engagement in traditional college courses. Using data from 16 Coursera MOOCs offered by the University of Pennsylvania we calculate standardized access rates for lectures and assessments. While these indicators have clear limitations as ...


Pilot Your Life Decisively For Well-Being And Flourishing, David P. St. George Nov 2015

Pilot Your Life Decisively For Well-Being And Flourishing, David P. St. George

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

I have been a pilot, aviation instructor and FAA Pilot Examiner for over 40 years. Aviation requires a “pilot in command” mindset consistent with the tenets of positive psychology. This paper explains and advocates for this daily empowered, adaptive decision making process used by pilots in aviation as a necessary life skill to eliminate mind wandering and disengagement and optimize human performance consistent with the goals of positive psychology. Exploring the concepts of “pilot-in-command” (decisive control and self-efficacy) and “situational awareness” (alert mental functioning) I will offer techniques and suggestions for developing and deploying these critical skills in everyday life ...


An Inquiry Into Pennsylvania’S Keystone Stars: Research Report, Philip M Sirinides, John Fantuzzo, Whitney A Leboeuf, Katherine M Barghaus, Ryan Fink Nov 2015

An Inquiry Into Pennsylvania’S Keystone Stars: Research Report, Philip M Sirinides, John Fantuzzo, Whitney A Leboeuf, Katherine M Barghaus, Ryan Fink

CPRE Research Reports

A team from the University of Pennsylvania was funded by the William Penn Foundation to conduct an inquiry of Keystone STARS. The goal of this inquiry was to provide a broad look at Keystone STARS to inform future revisions and evaluation of the system as part of Pennsylvania’s Race to the Top Early Learning Challenge grant (2013-2018). The inquiry focused on providing an overarching look at Keystone STARS with respect to three major areas and presents a detailed review of the data and findings for each of the three aspects:

  1. Child outcomes: examining the relations between Keystone STARS and ...


Changing Principals' Leadership Through Feedback And Coaching, Peter Goff, Ellen Goldring, J Edward Guthrie, Leonard Bickman Oct 2015

Changing Principals' Leadership Through Feedback And Coaching, Peter Goff, Ellen Goldring, J Edward Guthrie, Leonard Bickman

CPRE Policy Briefs

Researchers Leonard Bickman, Ellen Goldring, Peter Goff, and J. Edward Guthrie conducted a randomized experiment of principals in a large urban school district to explore if coaching, when combined with feedback from teachers, changes principals’ leadership practices. This brief summarizes the research findings regarding the impact of the feedback and coaching intervention on principals’ leadership behaviors.