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University of Massachusetts Amherst

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Full-Text Articles in Education

American Council On The Teaching Of Foreign Languages-Heritage Language Sig Newsletter, Theresa Y. Austin, Yvonne Farino, Joy Payton Aug 2015

American Council On The Teaching Of Foreign Languages-Heritage Language Sig Newsletter, Theresa Y. Austin, Yvonne Farino, Joy Payton

Theresa Y. Austin

An Official Newsletter of ACTFL - August 2015


Innovative Representations Of Light, Behaving As Both Particles And Waves, Among The Paintings Of Monet And Renoir, Charles Smith Nov 2014

Innovative Representations Of Light, Behaving As Both Particles And Waves, Among The Paintings Of Monet And Renoir, Charles Smith

Charles Kay Smith

Monet and Renoir, friends collaborating in open air about 1865, discovered that sunlight filtering through a canopy of tree leaves does not produce the splotches and dapples that studio artists conventionally represented at the time but circles of light. Sometimes the circles of light punctuating the shade are clear, separate and crisp, as though light is being propagated as particles, but if the pin-hole gaps between leaves are very close together, they will project compound or superimposed circles that look like the waves that Thomas Young saw in his double slit experiment in 1803-4. Newton’s Opticks published in 1704 ...


Evolving Statewide Transfer Policies: Persistent Efforts In Tension With Workforce Development Among Massachusetts Community Colleges, Daniel Torre Jr., Ryan S. Wells Apr 2014

Evolving Statewide Transfer Policies: Persistent Efforts In Tension With Workforce Development Among Massachusetts Community Colleges, Daniel Torre Jr., Ryan S. Wells

Ryan S. Wells

Since their inception, community colleges have included the transfer function as a central mission. However, arguments have been made contending that community colleges have systematically diverted students toward occupational education. In the 21st century, community colleges continue to contend with multiple missions and identities, especially when viewed from a workforce-development perspective stressing short-term employability as the primary objective. The two-fold purpose of this study focuses on the academic transfer mission of community colleges in tension with the vocational-occupational mission. We apply document and thematic analysis to identify the elements of formal transfer and articulation policies in the United States leading ...


Youth Participation In Changing Food Systems: Toward Food Justice Youth Development, Krista Harper, Catherine Sands, Diego Angarita, Molly Totman Mar 2014

Youth Participation In Changing Food Systems: Toward Food Justice Youth Development, Krista Harper, Catherine Sands, Diego Angarita, Molly Totman

Krista M. Harper

We present results from a youth participatory action research (YPAR) project in which young people from Holyoke studied the school food system in order to make positive interventions in their school district. We used the Photovoice research method, placing cameras in the hands of youth so that they themselves could document and discuss their concerns and perspectives (Wang, et al., 1996). The research was designed to gain insight about the students’ knowledge of food, nutrition, and community food systems. The research also illuminated students’ impressions of public policy, active citizenship, and community building that have arisen out of food justice ...


The Open Education Initiative At Umass Amherst: Taking A Bite Out Of High-Cost Textbooks, Marilyn S. Billings, Sarah C. Hutton Jan 2013

The Open Education Initiative At Umass Amherst: Taking A Bite Out Of High-Cost Textbooks, Marilyn S. Billings, Sarah C. Hutton

Marilyn S. Billings

This presentation highlights the successful Open Education Initiative begun at UMass Amherst in the spring of 2011. This initiative is co-funded by the Provost's Office and the University Libraries and is leveraged by a strong partnership among the University Libraries, Center for Teaching and Faculty Development, and OIT's Academic Computing, key elements of its success.


Multiple Imputation And Higher Education Research, Catherine A. Manly, Ryan S. Wells Oct 2012

Multiple Imputation And Higher Education Research, Catherine A. Manly, Ryan S. Wells

Ryan S. Wells

Higher education researchers using survey data often face decisions about handling missing data. Multiple imputation (MI) is considered by many statisticians to be the most appropriate technique for addressing missing data in many circumstances. However, our content analysis of a decade of higher education research literature reveals that the field has yet to make substantial use of this technique despite common employment of quantitative analysis, and that many recommended MI reporting practices are not being followed. We conclude that additional information about the technique and recommended reporting practices may help improve the quality of the research involving missing data. In ...


Parental Leave Usage By Fathers And Mothers At An American University, Jennifer H. Lundquist, Joya Misra, Kerryann O'Meara Jan 2012

Parental Leave Usage By Fathers And Mothers At An American University, Jennifer H. Lundquist, Joya Misra, Kerryann O'Meara

Dr. Jennifer H. Lundquist

While many U.S. research universities now offer gender neutral family friendly policies, very few are what might be considered “father friendly.” Campus cultures rarely encourage men to access these policies, or do so reluctantly because some campus actors believe men will use parental leave time for their research instead of for childcare. We employ quantitative and qualitative data to compare the parental leave experiences of men and women faculty at a large research university. In doing so, we assess whether the allegation that men take unfair advantage parental leave is true at a large research university. We find that ...


Science Boot Camp For Librarians – A Five Campus Collaboration., Naka J. Ishii, Elizabeth Winiarz, Marion Muskiewicz May 2011

Science Boot Camp For Librarians – A Five Campus Collaboration., Naka J. Ishii, Elizabeth Winiarz, Marion Muskiewicz

Naka J Ishii

Presentation at the ACRL New England Chapter annual conference, 13 May 2011 with with Marion Muskiewicz (UMass Lowell) and Elizabeth Winiarz (UMass Dartmouth) on the inception and collaborative creation of an annual "boot camp" for science librarians. This inexpensive and intensive program covers 3 science subjects over 2.5 days to bring librarians up to speed on these topics. Usually, one faculty member gives an overview of the field, and another describes a current research area. This event also provides librarians with an informal way to network and enjoy each other's company.


Neoliberalism, Urbanism And The Education Economy: Producing Hyderabad As A ‘Global City’, Sangeeta Kamat May 2011

Neoliberalism, Urbanism And The Education Economy: Producing Hyderabad As A ‘Global City’, Sangeeta Kamat

Sangeeta G. Kamat

No abstract provided.


Revisiting Collaborative Boundaries-Pioneering Change In Perspectives And Relations Of Power, Francis Bangou, Theresa Y. Austin Jan 2011

Revisiting Collaborative Boundaries-Pioneering Change In Perspectives And Relations Of Power, Francis Bangou, Theresa Y. Austin

Theresa Y. Austin

In this article, we examine collaboration as a situated practice that defies a prescriptive definition mainly located in the interpersonal relations of professionals. We argue that collaboration does not merely depend upon “good” will or professionalism, rather interacts complexly with racial expectations that have been cultivated in institutions where racism is manifested in subtle ways. We use Critical Race Theory (Ladson-Billings & Tate, 1995) to examine how we as 2 different pairs of teacher educators in innovative programs in different sites faced racial tensions through our co-teaching experiences. Each racially diverse pair consisted of a more senior faculty member and an ...


Responding To “Innocent” Racism: Educating Teachers In Politically Reflexive And Dialogic Engagement In Local Communities, Fatima Pirbhai-Illich, Theresa Y. Austin, Patricia Paugh, Yvonne Farino Jan 2011

Responding To “Innocent” Racism: Educating Teachers In Politically Reflexive And Dialogic Engagement In Local Communities, Fatima Pirbhai-Illich, Theresa Y. Austin, Patricia Paugh, Yvonne Farino

Theresa Y. Austin

This article develops the construct of ―innocent racism‖ and argues for keeping questions of race central in teacher education. The authors report three cases in which they, teacher educators working within a school/university alliance, identified and addressed racism in their courses. We situate our analyses within antiracist research informed by Critical Race Theory (CRT) where the teacher education students and ourselves struggled to recognize and address racism. Critical episodes are reflectively analyzed to challenge both teacher educators‘ and teachers‘ beliefs. We demonstrate how race still matters because of the ways in which it intersects with our practices. Examples of ...


Gender, Work Time, And Care Responsibilities Among Faculty, Joya Misra, Jennifer H. Lundquist Jan 2011

Gender, Work Time, And Care Responsibilities Among Faculty, Joya Misra, Jennifer H. Lundquist

Dr. Jennifer H. Lundquist

This study explores how faculty at one research-intensive university spend their time on research, teaching, mentoring, and service, as well as housework, childcare, care for elders, and other long-term care. Drawing on surveys and focus group interviews with faculty, the article examines how gender is related to time spent on the different components of faculty work, as well as on housework and care. Findings show that many faculty report working more than 60 hours a week, with substantial time on weekends devoted to work. Finding balance between different kinds of work (research, teaching, mentoring, and service) is as difficult as ...


Gender And Incongruity Between Educational Expectations And College Enrollment: The Roles Of Race, Social Class, And Significant Others, Ryan S. Wells, Tricia A. Seifert, Daniel B. Saunders May 2010

Gender And Incongruity Between Educational Expectations And College Enrollment: The Roles Of Race, Social Class, And Significant Others, Ryan S. Wells, Tricia A. Seifert, Daniel B. Saunders

Ryan S. Wells

Gender gaps in educational expectations and postsecondary enrollment are well studied, but few scholars have investigated the incongruity between expectations and enrollment decisions and even fewer have examined this incongruity by gender. Using thirty-five years of data, this study examines the differential influences of social origin and significant others on this incongruity for men and women. It also investigates how differences in these characteristics contribute to the overall incongruity gender gap—the difference between the proportion of men and proportion of women who do not enroll in ways that match their expectations. Results show trends in the incongruity gender gap ...


The Aid Debate: Beyond The Liberal/Conservative Divide, Sangeeta Kamat Jan 2010

The Aid Debate: Beyond The Liberal/Conservative Divide, Sangeeta Kamat

Sangeeta G. Kamat

No abstract provided.


Financial Planning For College: What Parents Do To Prepare, Catherine A. Manly, Ryan S. Wells Oct 2009

Financial Planning For College: What Parents Do To Prepare, Catherine A. Manly, Ryan S. Wells

Ryan S. Wells

This study explores reported parental financial college preparations and the amount parents have saved for college, with a goal of determining strategies used by different parents based on parental college aspirations and expectations for their child, as well as the highest reported parental and grandparental educational levels. Regression analysis indicates that parents' expectations, but not their aspirations, correspond to engagement in financial planning. Family education is strongly associated with taking some financial planning actions and the amount saved. The results may be helpful to those who are working to increase the effectiveness of disseminating college financial information to parents.


A Functional Difficulty And Functional Pain Instrument For Hip And Knee Osteoarthritis, Alan M. Jette, Christine M. Mcdonough, Pengsheng Ni, Stephen M. Haley, Ronald K. Hambleton, Sippy Olarsch, David J. Hunter, Young Jo Kim, David T. Felson Jul 2009

A Functional Difficulty And Functional Pain Instrument For Hip And Knee Osteoarthritis, Alan M. Jette, Christine M. Mcdonough, Pengsheng Ni, Stephen M. Haley, Ronald K. Hambleton, Sippy Olarsch, David J. Hunter, Young Jo Kim, David T. Felson

Ronald K. Hambleton

Introduction - The objectives of this study were to develop a functional outcome instrument for hip and knee osteoarthritis research (OA-FUNCTION-CAT) using item response theory (IRT) and computer adaptive test (CAT) methods and to assess its psychometric performance compared to the current standard in the field. Methods - We conducted an extensive literature review, focus groups, and cognitive testing to guide the construction of an item bank consisting of 125 functional activities commonly affected by hip and knee osteoarthritis. We recruited a convenience sample of 328 adults with confirmed hip and/or knee osteoarthritis. Subjects reported their degree of functional difficulty and ...


Stitching The Pieces Together To Reveal Generalised Patterns: Systematic Research Reviews, Secondary Re-Analyses, Case-To-Case Comparisons, And Meta-Syntheses Of Qualitative Research Studies, Gretchen Rossman, L. Yore, B. Hand, M. C. Shelley Ii Jan 2009

Stitching The Pieces Together To Reveal Generalised Patterns: Systematic Research Reviews, Secondary Re-Analyses, Case-To-Case Comparisons, And Meta-Syntheses Of Qualitative Research Studies, Gretchen Rossman, L. Yore, B. Hand, M. C. Shelley Ii

Gretchen Rossman

No abstract provided.


Conflicting Discourses In Language Teacher Education: Reclaiming Voice In The Struggle, Theresa Y. Austin Jan 2009

Conflicting Discourses In Language Teacher Education: Reclaiming Voice In The Struggle, Theresa Y. Austin

Theresa Y. Austin

According to the national study conducted by Cochran-Smith & Fries (2005), the majority of teacher candidates in the U.S. are White middle-class women. While those from the U.S. who become TESOL teachers are also primarily White middle-class women, given the global demand for English, there is also a sizable number of TESOL teachers from international backgrounds (Braine, 1999; Lurda, 2005). As the current population entering the profession of language-teacher education is now beginning to differ from those in the past because of this international component, this seems to be a particularly significant moment to examine what discourses are currently operational that influence the direction and substance of teacher education programs where this notion of "civic culture voice" is encouraged. With this aim, the author uses her own experiences as a multilingual teacher educator of dual racial heritage to illustrate how the contemporary period has produced three areas of contradiction and ...


Collaborative Action Research: Building Authentic Literate Practices Into A Foreign Language Program, Theresa Y. Austin, Mark Blum Jan 2009

Collaborative Action Research: Building Authentic Literate Practices Into A Foreign Language Program, Theresa Y. Austin, Mark Blum

Theresa Y. Austin

Two university professors collaborate to carry out an action research project on literacy in a world language program. This article reports on their negotiations to define literacy, how they adapt the use of texts to the cultural backgrounds and interests of their learners and integrate native speakers in a community that builds various understanding of texts through discussion. Our collaborative process provides one example of how action research can systematically inform teaching and learning to build authentic literacy practices in a second or foreign language program.


Masks Of Achievement: An Experiential Study Of Bosnian Female Refugees In New York City Schools, Jacqueline Mosselson Feb 2007

Masks Of Achievement: An Experiential Study Of Bosnian Female Refugees In New York City Schools, Jacqueline Mosselson

Jacqueline Mosselson

No abstract provided.


Roots & Routes: A Re-Imagining Of Refugee Identity Constructions And The Implications For Schooling, Jacqueline Mosselson Dec 2006

Roots & Routes: A Re-Imagining Of Refugee Identity Constructions And The Implications For Schooling, Jacqueline Mosselson

Jacqueline Mosselson

The ways in which refugees are assumed to adapt to United States society have serious consequences on their enjoyment and fulfillment in their schooling experiences. This is further compounded by the incorporation of refugees under a more general umbrella of "immigrant" studies. Here, excerpts are shared from an experiential study of fifteen adolescent Bosnian female refugees in New York City schools to articulate an alternative identity paradigm, roots & routes, which captures the ways in which refugees consciously balance their ethnic and new national identities in understanding themselves, their lives, and how they represent themselves to others. This paradigm enables a ...


High-Stakes Testing In The Warm Heart Of Africa: The Challenges And Successes Of The Malawi National Examinations Board, Elias Chakwera, Dafter Khembo, Steve G. Sireci Jun 2004

High-Stakes Testing In The Warm Heart Of Africa: The Challenges And Successes Of The Malawi National Examinations Board, Elias Chakwera, Dafter Khembo, Steve G. Sireci

Stephen G. Sireci

In the United States, tests are held to high standards of quality. In developing countries such as Malawi, psychometricians must deal with these same high standards as well as several additional pressures such as widespread cheating, test administration difficulties due to challenging landscapes and poor resources, difficulties in reliably scoring performance assessments, and extreme scrutiny from political parties and the popular press. The purposes of this paper are to (a) familiarize the measurement community in the US about Malawi’s assessment programs, (b) discuss some of the unique challenges inherent in such a program, (c) compare testing conditions and test ...


Using The Work And Words Of Other Authors: A Guide To Apa Style For International Students - And Others, David R. Evans, Gretchen B. Rossman Jan 2002

Using The Work And Words Of Other Authors: A Guide To Apa Style For International Students - And Others, David R. Evans, Gretchen B. Rossman

David R. Evans

In the academic world of universities in the United States, the rules governing how and when you may use the ideas and words of others are taken very seriously. There are widely varying cultural assumptions about how knowledge is created and legitimated, and varying norms about the treatment of existing writings by subsequent authors. The Western academic world is highly individualistic and places emphasis on being able to judge and give credit for the work of each student or researcher. "World majority" students from collectivist societies come from nations where one's experiences, thoughts and ideas are interwoven with those ...


Dialogue For Learning: Evaluator As A Critical Friend, Gretchen Rossman, S. F. Rallis Jan 2000

Dialogue For Learning: Evaluator As A Critical Friend, Gretchen Rossman, S. F. Rallis

Gretchen Rossman

If the purpose of evaluation is learning, dialogue can be an effective means for achieving this purpose. This chapter focuses on the crucial role of language in establishing the heuristic stance that fosters dialogic inquiry and thereby enhances the effectiveness of evaluation. The role of the evaluator in facilitating dialogue is explicated through examples from practice.


Critical Inquiry And Use As Action. The Expanding Scope Of Evaluation Use, Gretchen Rossman, S. F. Rallis Jan 2000

Critical Inquiry And Use As Action. The Expanding Scope Of Evaluation Use, Gretchen Rossman, S. F. Rallis

Gretchen Rossman

A conception of evaluation as learning focuses attention on the critical inquiry cycle that incorporates use throughout the evaluation process.


One For The Crows, One For The Crackers: The Strange Career Of Public Higher Education In Houston, Texas, Amilcar Shabazz Jan 1998

One For The Crows, One For The Crackers: The Strange Career Of Public Higher Education In Houston, Texas, Amilcar Shabazz

Amilcar Shabazz

The dynamics of how the dual system of higher education in Jim Crow America emerged and operated is explored in this article in the context of the largest city in the 20th century U.S. South: Houston, Texas. The history herein moves from a pragmatic response to a deep need for postsecondary educational opportunity in the 1920s to a major expansion in the 1940s in the face of the lawsuit of Heman Sweatt to the 1960s after state-mandated segregation is officially ended.


Overview And Analysis Of The Case Studies-Lessons For Education Policy Formation, David R. Evans Dr., R. Sack, C.P. Shaw Jan 1995

Overview And Analysis Of The Case Studies-Lessons For Education Policy Formation, David R. Evans Dr., R. Sack, C.P. Shaw

David R. Evans

No abstract provided.


Education Policy Formation In Uganda: Continuity Amidst Change, David R. Evans, W Senteza Kajubi Jan 1994

Education Policy Formation In Uganda: Continuity Amidst Change, David R. Evans, W Senteza Kajubi

David R. Evans

No abstract provided.


Education Policy Formation In Africa: A Comparative Study Of Five Countries. Technical Paper No. 12, David R. Evans Jan 1994

Education Policy Formation In Africa: A Comparative Study Of Five Countries. Technical Paper No. 12, David R. Evans

David R. Evans

This publication contains a set of five case studies and two analytical overview chapters that lay the foundation for a deeper understanding of the process of educational policy formation in Africa. Reflecting developments until late 1992, the cases include Botswana, Tanzania, Uganda, Mali, and Senegal. The articles describe and analyze current approaches to educational policy formation. Specifically, the case studies examine the policy-making process, the policy product, and the policy environment. Each of the cases contains a summary table of key policy events and a detailed bibliography of the major educational policy documents. Most cases provide a more detailed description ...


The Role Of The Global Coalition For Africa In Human Resource Development And Capacity Building, David R. Evans Jan 1991

The Role Of The Global Coalition For Africa In Human Resource Development And Capacity Building, David R. Evans

David R. Evans

This report analyses the education component of the Human Resource Development sector in order to recommend specific activities which take advantage of the capabilities of the Global Coalition for Africa (GCA). The paper looks at four sector-wide options and two sub-sector options, chosen because of the potential benefits from GCA involvement in them. The four sector-wide options are: 1) Increasing government support for Human Resource Development. 2) Diversifying the Supply of Educational Services. 3) Formulation of National Education Policy, and 4) Rationalization of High-Level Meetings. Of the four the best option for GCA is the first, which enables GCA to ...