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Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Journal

University of Pennsylvania

2014

Articles 1 - 9 of 9

Full-Text Articles in Education

Synthesizing Social And Cognitive Approaches In Sla, Junko Hondo Oct 2014

Synthesizing Social And Cognitive Approaches In Sla, Junko Hondo

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

In an effort to investigate developmental episodes in additional language learning using both cognitive and social frameworks, this working paper presents results of a pilot study based on a task-based language learning session. A total of forty participants at a Japanese university carried out a pedagogical task in five steps, including both interactive and independent steps. No instruction was provided. Approximately 3,000 responses were collected and examined for comprehension of target forms, and for the rationales provided for form selection. The quantitative analysis indicates significant gains in comprehension and the qualitative data show a shift in the trajectory of ...


Citizen Sociolinguistics:A New Media Methodology For Understanding Language And Social Life, Betsy Rymes, Andrea R. Leone Oct 2014

Citizen Sociolinguistics:A New Media Methodology For Understanding Language And Social Life, Betsy Rymes, Andrea R. Leone

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

Citizen sociolinguistics is a response to the need for a new sociolinguistic methodology that accounts for and partakes of the social demands and affordances of massive mobility and connectivity in today’s world. Drawing from contemporary theories about participatory culture (Jenkins, Purushotma, Wiegel, Clinton, & Robison, 2009), orders of indexicality (Silverstein, 2003), and communicative repertoire (Rymes, 2011), as well as the decades-old tradition of citizen science, Citizen sociolinguistics traces the ways citizens, more so than trained sociolinguists, understand the world of language around them. The goal of this article, and the methodology it proposes, is to document, learn from, and advocate ...


“Follow The Procedure”: Online Metapragmatic Commentary On The Five Paragraph Essay, Mark Lewis Oct 2014

“Follow The Procedure”: Online Metapragmatic Commentary On The Five Paragraph Essay, Mark Lewis

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

The genre of the five paragraph essay (5PE) is familiar to many US high school and middle school students because it is often included in the teaching of literary analysis and general argumentation. Learners of the 5PE participate in its social life consisting of its learning, change, and spread. In this paper, I present a description of some of the online social life of the 5PE. Examining online metapragmatic commentary under theoretical frames of speech genres (Bakhtin, 1986), enregisterment (Agha, 2007), and language governmentality (Flores 2014; Pennycook 2002, 2006), and with the new methodology of citizen sociolinguistics (Rymes & Leone, this ...


The History Of Language Planning And Reform In China: A Critical Perspective, Defu Wan Oct 2014

The History Of Language Planning And Reform In China: A Critical Perspective, Defu Wan

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

In traditional studies of language policy in China, scholars mainly try to evaluate language policy’s effectiveness in attaining goals such as national unity, economic development, and illiteracy reduction. Few people question the underlying framework of such language planning. This paper tries to call into question those basic assumptions. By adopting a critical theory perspective, this paper tries to locate the origin of the current language policy in China in its historical context and argues that the foundation for current Chinese language policy can be tracked back to colonialism: the framework of the current language policy is based on a ...


Ideologies Of Personhood: A Citizen Sociolinguistic Case Study Of The Roman Dialect, Andrea R. Leone Oct 2014

Ideologies Of Personhood: A Citizen Sociolinguistic Case Study Of The Roman Dialect, Andrea R. Leone

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

The status and role of Italy’s dialetti (dialects) in contemporary Italian society are contested among both citizens and sociolinguists, and their nuanced uses have begun to circulate (with commentary) around social media. This report adopts a citizen sociolinguistic approach (Rymes & Leone, this volume) to analyze a single controversial case about the Roman dialect via YouTube and Facebook, drawing on social media users’ metacommentary and recontextualizations (Rymes, 2012) of an interview with two young women at the beach. Rather than attempting to identify static and isolated characteristics of the Roman dialect based on this interview, this report analyzes the social ...


Language Governmentality In Philippine Education Policy, Christopher J. Dawe Apr 2014

Language Governmentality In Philippine Education Policy, Christopher J. Dawe

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

English has long been a significant force in Philippine schools. A product of colonialism, scholars often erroneously view this dominance as stemming from governmental mandate. This article argues that the drive for Anglophone classrooms comes from all facets of Philippine society. Indeed, even many minority language speakers view English as integral to producing ideal citizens. Through a language governmentality framework, the perceptions of the ideal Filipino are seen to be constantly evolving. With them, the motivations behind the push for English have shifted. Recently, English has again been repositioned, with public support for the use of home languages in the ...


Disinventing And Reconstituting Native Speaker Ideologies Through The Classroom Experiences Of International Tesol Students, Geeta Aneja Apr 2014

Disinventing And Reconstituting Native Speaker Ideologies Through The Classroom Experiences Of International Tesol Students, Geeta Aneja

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

The current paper considers the invention, disinvention, and reconstitution of native speaker ideologies in terms of the perspectives and experiences of 22 TESOL master’s students facilitating a practical English class housed at a university. Facilitators’ reflections and experiences were collected using semi-structured interviews and classroom observations. The analysis suggests that novice teachers may conflate non-native positionality with linguistic and pedagogical expertise, particularly while processing the challenges they face in the classroom. In doing so, they devalue their own teaching while simultaneously misunderstanding and underestimating the challenges faced by their peers. This paper suggests that while native speaker constructs are ...


The Communicative Burden Of Making Others Understand: Why Critical Language Awareness Is A Must In All Esl (And Non- Esl) Classrooms, SofíA Chaparro Apr 2014

The Communicative Burden Of Making Others Understand: Why Critical Language Awareness Is A Must In All Esl (And Non- Esl) Classrooms, SofíA Chaparro

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

This working paper examines students’ linguistic perceptions and communicative competence in the context of a super-diverse ESL classroom. Through the use of discourse, filmic, and ethnographic analyses, I show the sometimes subtle, sometimes overt sources of multilingual students’ linguistic self-perceptions. I argue for the need to explore students’ ideas and experiences of language through a pedagogy that focuses on knowledge about language and, in particular, knowledge about the ideological dimensions of language: what is known as critical language awareness, or CLA. I make the claim that it is in multilingual students’ everyday interactions in which others, often native speakers of ...


The Interactive Demonstration Of Interactional Competence In The Ita Teach Test, Santoi Wagner Apr 2014

The Interactive Demonstration Of Interactional Competence In The Ita Teach Test, Santoi Wagner

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

This paper reports on a work-in-progress that examines a high-stakes teaching and oral language performance assessment known as the TEACH test, in which international teaching assistant (ITA) candidates are required to demonstrate their competency in a panel-rated teaching simulation. This study draws upon the analytic tools of Conversation Analysis to examine 29 videotaped TEACH tests recorded at a large Research 1 (R1) university in the eastern United States with the objective of providing a more in-depth understanding of the demands placed on test-takers and raters. The initial analysis shows how prospective ITAs manage questions that engender problematic responses, and how ...