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Full-Text Articles in Education

We Can Be Happy Upside Down: Inversion Effects For Static And Dynamic Facial Expressions, Simone Favelle, Romina Palermo, Alanna Tobin Jan 2014

We Can Be Happy Upside Down: Inversion Effects For Static And Dynamic Facial Expressions, Simone Favelle, Romina Palermo, Alanna Tobin

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at The 41st Annual Australasian Experimental Psychology Conference, 23-26 April 2014, Brisbane, Australia


The Anthropocene And The Environmental Humanities: Extending The Conversation, Noel Castree Jan 2014

The Anthropocene And The Environmental Humanities: Extending The Conversation, Noel Castree

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

"The Anthropocene" is now a buzzword in international geoscience circles and commanding the attention of various social scientists and humanists. Once a trickle, I review what is now a growing stream of publications authored by humanists about the Holocene's proclaimed end. I argue that these publications evidence environmental humanists as playing two roles with respect to the geoscientific claims they are reacting to: the roles of "inventor-discloser" or "deconstructor-critic." Despite their importance and their differences, as currently performed these roles hold environmental humanists at a distance from those geoscientists currently trying to popularise the Anthropocene proposition and a set ...


Physical Activity And Sedentary Guidelines; What Are The Similarities And Differences Across The Globe?, Anne-Maree Parrish, Stewart Vella, Anthony D. Okely, Dylan Cliff Jan 2014

Physical Activity And Sedentary Guidelines; What Are The Similarities And Differences Across The Globe?, Anne-Maree Parrish, Stewart Vella, Anthony D. Okely, Dylan Cliff

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the 2014 Global Summit on the Physical Activity of Children, held in Toronto, May 19-22, 2014


Objectively Measured Sedentary Behavior In Secondary School Physical Education Lessons, Rachel Sutherland, Elizabeth Campbell, David Lubans, Philip Morgan, Anthony D. Okely, Nicole Nathan, Luke Wolfenden, Karen Gillham, John Wiggers Jan 2014

Objectively Measured Sedentary Behavior In Secondary School Physical Education Lessons, Rachel Sutherland, Elizabeth Campbell, David Lubans, Philip Morgan, Anthony D. Okely, Nicole Nathan, Luke Wolfenden, Karen Gillham, John Wiggers

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the 2014 Global Summit on the Physical Activity of Children, held in Toronto, May 19-22, 2014.


Family-Focused Autism Spectrum Disorder Research: A Review Of The Utility Of Family Systems Approaches, Elizabeth Kate Cridland, Sandra C. Jones, Christopher A. Magee, Peter Caputi Jan 2014

Family-Focused Autism Spectrum Disorder Research: A Review Of The Utility Of Family Systems Approaches, Elizabeth Kate Cridland, Sandra C. Jones, Christopher A. Magee, Peter Caputi

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

A family member with an autism spectrum disorder presents pervasive and bidirectional influences on the entire family system, suggesting a need for family-focused autism spectrum disorder research. While there has been increasing interest in this research area, family-focused autism spectrum disorder research can still be considered relatively recent, and there are limitations to the existing literature. The purpose of this article is to provide theoretical and methodological directions for future family-focused autism spectrum disorder research. In particular, this article proposes Family Systems approaches as a common theoretical framework for future family-focused autism spectrum disorder research by considering theoretical concepts such ...


Diverse Learners, Ann Kelly, Sarah Elizabeth O'Shea, Kathleen Tanner Jan 2014

Diverse Learners, Ann Kelly, Sarah Elizabeth O'Shea, Kathleen Tanner

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This chapter explores student populations in terms of their diversity and special needs and is designed to provide you with a broad grounding in this topic. Beginning with an overview of commonly used terminology in this field, the chapter moves to the learners themselves, providing key statistics and insights into various VET equity cohorts, including an understanding of how learners are 'officially' categorised and defined. The focus then changes to an analysis of key Commonwealth legislation and related policies in the area and an example of a State response. The final sections of the chapter are aimed at providing practical ...


Parents And Adolescents Discuss Gambling Advertising: A Qualitative Study, Samantha L. Thomas Jan 2014

Parents And Adolescents Discuss Gambling Advertising: A Qualitative Study, Samantha L. Thomas

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The study specifically aimed to explore:

1. How socio-cultural factors may influence the meanings individuals construct about gambling.

2. How different audience segments (in this case parents and their children) interpret messages about different types of advertisements in different ways.

3. How the framing of messages about gambling may influence perceptions about the risks and benefits associated with different types of gambling products and services.

The specific objectives of the study were to:

1. Provide detailed qualitative information about how different audience segments interpret the messages they see in gambling advertisements.

2. Strengthen understandings about how different gambling advertising strategies ...


Reconnecting Urban Planning With Health: A Protocol For The Development And Validation Of National Liveability Indicators Associated With Noncommunicable Disease Risk Behaviours And Health Outcomes, Billie Giles-Corti, Hannah M. Badland, Suzanne Mavoa, Gavin Turrell, Fiona Bull, Bryan Boruff, Christopher Pettit, Adrian E. Bauman, Paula Hooper, Karen Villanueva, Thomas Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng, Vincent Learnihan, R Davey, Rob Grenfell, Sarah Thackway Jan 2014

Reconnecting Urban Planning With Health: A Protocol For The Development And Validation Of National Liveability Indicators Associated With Noncommunicable Disease Risk Behaviours And Health Outcomes, Billie Giles-Corti, Hannah M. Badland, Suzanne Mavoa, Gavin Turrell, Fiona Bull, Bryan Boruff, Christopher Pettit, Adrian E. Bauman, Paula Hooper, Karen Villanueva, Thomas Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng, Vincent Learnihan, R Davey, Rob Grenfell, Sarah Thackway

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Aim: Liveable communities create the conditions to optimise health and wellbeing outcomes in residents by influencing various social determinants of health - for example, neighbourhood walkability and access to public transport, public open space, local amenities, and social and community facilities. This study will develop national liveability indicators that are (a) aligned with state and federal urban policy, (b) developed using national data (where available), (c) standard and consistent over time, (d) suitable for monitoring progress towards creating more liveable, equitable and sustainable communities, (e) validated against selected noncommunicable disease risk behaviours and/or health outcomes, and (f) practical for measuring ...


Do Low-Income Neighbourhoods Have The Least Green Space? A Cross-Sectional Study Of Australia's Most Populous Cities, Thomas Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng, Suzanne Mavoa, Hannah M. Badland, Billie Giles-Corti Jan 2014

Do Low-Income Neighbourhoods Have The Least Green Space? A Cross-Sectional Study Of Australia's Most Populous Cities, Thomas Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng, Suzanne Mavoa, Hannah M. Badland, Billie Giles-Corti

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background

An inequitable distribution of parks and other ‘green spaces’ could exacerbate health inequalities if people on lower incomes, who are already at greater risk of preventable diseases, have poorer access.

Methods

The availability of green space within 1 kilometre of a Statistical Area 1 (SA1) was linked to data from the 2011 Australian census for Sydney (n = 4.6 M residents); Melbourne (n = 4.2 M); Brisbane (n = 2.2 M); Perth (n = 1.8 M); and Adelaide (n = 1.3 M). Socioeconomic circumstances were measured via the percentage population of each SA1 living on < $21,000 per annum. Negative binomial and logit regression models were used to investigate association between the availability of green space in relation to neighbourhood socioeconomic circumstances, adjusting for city and population density.

Results

Green space availability ...


A Brief Report On Primary Care Service Area Catchment Geographies In New South Wales Australia, Soumya Mazumdar, Xiaoqi Feng, Paul Konings, Ian S. Mcrae, Federico Girosi Jan 2014

A Brief Report On Primary Care Service Area Catchment Geographies In New South Wales Australia, Soumya Mazumdar, Xiaoqi Feng, Paul Konings, Ian S. Mcrae, Federico Girosi

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background To develop a method to use survey data to establish catchment areas of primary care or Primary Care Service Areas. Primary Care Service Areas are small areas, the majority of patients resident in which obtain their primary care services from within the geography. Methods The data are from a large health survey (n =267,153, year 2006-2009) linked to General Practitioner service use data (year 2002-2010) from New South Wales, Australia. Our methods broadly follow those used previously by researchers in the United States of America and Switzerland, with significant modifications to improve robustness. This algorithm allocates post code ...


People With Multiple Unhealthy Lifestyles Are Less Likely To Consult Primary Healthcare. Evidence From 267,153 Australians, Xiaoqi Feng, Federico Girosi, Ian S. Mcrae Jan 2014

People With Multiple Unhealthy Lifestyles Are Less Likely To Consult Primary Healthcare. Evidence From 267,153 Australians, Xiaoqi Feng, Federico Girosi, Ian S. Mcrae

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the Society for Social Medicine 58th Annual Scientific Meeting, 10-12 September 2014, Oxford, United Kingdom


Pace: A Group Randomised Controlled Trial To Increase Children's Break-Time Playground Physical Activity, Anne-Maree Parrish, Anthony D. Okely, Marijka Batterham, Dylan P. Cliff, Christopher A. Magee Jan 2014

Pace: A Group Randomised Controlled Trial To Increase Children's Break-Time Playground Physical Activity, Anne-Maree Parrish, Anthony D. Okely, Marijka Batterham, Dylan P. Cliff, Christopher A. Magee

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at Be Active 2014, 15-18 October 2014, Canberra, Australia.


Reaching 'An Audience That You Would Never Dream Of Speaking To': Influential Public Health Researchers' Views On The Role Of News Media In Influencing Policy And Public Understanding, Simon Chapman, Abby Haynes, Gemma Derrick, Heidi Sturk, Wayne Hall, Alexis B. St George Jan 2014

Reaching 'An Audience That You Would Never Dream Of Speaking To': Influential Public Health Researchers' Views On The Role Of News Media In Influencing Policy And Public Understanding, Simon Chapman, Abby Haynes, Gemma Derrick, Heidi Sturk, Wayne Hall, Alexis B. St George

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

While governments and academic institutions urge researchers to engage with news media, traditional academic values of public disengagement have inhibited many from giving high priority to media activity. In this interview-based study, the authors report on the views about news media engagement and strategies used by 36 peer-voted leading Australian public health researchers in 6 fields. The authors consider their views about the role and importance of media in influencing policy, their reflections on effective or ineffective media communicators, and strategies used by these researchers about how to best retain their credibility and influence while engaging with the news media ...


The Impact Of Early Childhood Education And Care On Improved Wellbeing, Edward Melhuish Jan 2014

The Impact Of Early Childhood Education And Care On Improved Wellbeing, Edward Melhuish

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

My one suggested intervention for the new health and wellbeing boards is to focus resources on improving life chances in early childhood through the universal provision of early education centres that integrate education, child care, parenting support and health services. There are great differences in the health and development of individuals, linked to their social origins. Despite decades of social and educational reform, there has been little progress in equalising opportunities. The impact of social origins on child outcomes and wellbeing have persisted, and even increased. In this proposal I argue that: • Learning capabilities are primarily formed during the first ...


Dietary Intake Is Related To Multifactor Cardiovascular Risk Score In Obese Boys, Tracy L. Schumacher, Tracy L. Burrows, Dylan P. Cliff, Rachel A. Jones, Anthony D. Okely, Louise A. Baur, Philip J. Morgan, Robin Callister, May M. Boggess, Clare E. Collins Jan 2014

Dietary Intake Is Related To Multifactor Cardiovascular Risk Score In Obese Boys, Tracy L. Schumacher, Tracy L. Burrows, Dylan P. Cliff, Rachel A. Jones, Anthony D. Okely, Louise A. Baur, Philip J. Morgan, Robin Callister, May M. Boggess, Clare E. Collins

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) originates in childhood and early identification of risk factors provides an early intervention opportunity. The aim was to identify children at higher risk using a CVD risk score, developed from factors known to cluster in childhood. Risk was scored as very high (≥97.5th centile), high (≥95th), moderate (≥90th) or threshold (<90th) using normal pediatric reference ranges for 10 common biomedical risk factors. These were summed in a multifactor CVD risk score and applied to a sample of 285 observations from 136 overweight Australian children (41% male, aged 7–12 years). Strength of associations between CVD risk score and individual biomedical and dietary variables were assessed using univariate logistic regression. High waist circumference (Odds Ratio: 5.48 [95% CI: 2.60–11.55]), body mass index (OR: 3.22 [1.98–5.26]), serum insulin (OR: 3.37 [2.56–4.42]) and triglycerides (OR: 3.02 [2.22–4.12]) were all significantly related to CVD risk score. High intakes of total fat (OR: 4.44 [1.19–16.60]), sugar (OR: 2.82 [1.54–5.15]) and carbohydrate (OR 1.75 [1.11–2.77]) were significantly related to CVD risk score in boys only. This multifactor CVD risk score could be a useful tool for researchers to identify elevated risk in children. Further research is warranted to examine sex-specific dietary factors related to CVD risk in children.


Transcending Teacher Professional Development: From Determinism To Complexity, Abdul Rahman, Garry F. Hoban, Wendy S. Nielsen Jan 2014

Transcending Teacher Professional Development: From Determinism To Complexity, Abdul Rahman, Garry F. Hoban, Wendy S. Nielsen

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

There is a multiplicity of factors and actors that come into play to make teacher professional development (TPD) a strategic and powerful scheme for improving teacher practices. This multiplicity is evident in educational practices and theories. Consequently, traditional perspectives that take a simple view of TPD as a single, independent entity in teacher learning in isolation from other factors and actors are problematic. To better understand how TPD can bring about change in teacher practices-transforming teacher learning, there is a need to transcend the linear, causal, deterministic assumption about TPD. Here, in this discussion paper, I argue that powerful TPD ...


Innovating Resilience Resources Through Brite Online Modules, Tania Broadley, Caroline Mansfield, Susan Beltman, Noelene L. Weatherby-Fell Jan 2014

Innovating Resilience Resources Through Brite Online Modules, Tania Broadley, Caroline Mansfield, Susan Beltman, Noelene L. Weatherby-Fell

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The BRiTE (Building Resilience in Teacher Education) project aims to create a series of five online modules designed to develop pre-service teachers' personal and social capabilities for professional resilience. These modules will be created as reusable learning objects, so they can be embedded in a variety of learning management systems (i.e. Blackboard, Moodle) used by universities around Australia. This poster presentation will highlight the intended outcomes for a nationally funded project to deliver online modules designed to support pre-service teachers' professional resilience, it will review the online development that was informed by design-based research and engage participants in the ...


Conceptualising Technology Use As Social Practice To Research Student Experiences Of Technology In Higher Education, Sue Bennett Jan 2014

Conceptualising Technology Use As Social Practice To Research Student Experiences Of Technology In Higher Education, Sue Bennett

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The purpose of this paper is to argue for the importance of sociological approaches to educational technology research which can make new advances in the field that complement the existing research base. Such research can address questions of how individuals use technology across different spheres of their lives, including education, and asks what role technology plays in educational institutions and how it interacts academic practices. Research of this kind can tells us much about how we might adopt and adapt technologies from outside education to support teaching and learning. By conceptualising technology use as social practice, rather than as attributes ...


We All Have A Role In Protecting Children: End The Silence On Abuse, Amy Conley Wright, Lynne M. Keevers Jan 2014

We All Have A Role In Protecting Children: End The Silence On Abuse, Amy Conley Wright, Lynne M. Keevers

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The recent string of major child sexual assault scandals, in Australia and other countries, can create a feeling of disgust and an urge to look away from an ugly reality. Yet we must confront and take collective responsibility for child protection by acknowledging that it happens every day and that we have to talk about it. Societal silence on child sexual abuse protects perpetrators and enables abuse to continue. Child sexual assault is a lot more common than we may think. The Australian Institute of Family Studies reported in 2013 that as many as one in six boys and one ...


Hsc Exam Guide: How To Help Your Kids Through This Stressful Time, Fred Paas, Myrto-Foteini Mavilidi Jan 2014

Hsc Exam Guide: How To Help Your Kids Through This Stressful Time, Fred Paas, Myrto-Foteini Mavilidi

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Final exams are a nightmare for most year 12 students, but crucial given they are decisive in getting into university. The period of preparation can be painful and hard. Students spend many hours studying and experiencing outstandingly high levels of stress and anxiety. There are ways parents and teachers can help diffuse some of the stress during this time, and things to look out for if your child is experiencing high levels of stress or anxiety.


If Sport's The Solution Then What's The Problem? The Social Significance Of Sport In The Moral Governing Of 'Good' And 'Healthy' Citizens In Sweden, 1922-1998, Malin Osterlind, Jan Wright Jan 2014

If Sport's The Solution Then What's The Problem? The Social Significance Of Sport In The Moral Governing Of 'Good' And 'Healthy' Citizens In Sweden, 1922-1998, Malin Osterlind, Jan Wright

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

All over the westernised world, sport has been promoted as a 'solution' to many of the social 'problems' and challenges that face modern societies. This study draw on Foucault's concept of governmentality to examine the ways in which Swedish Government Official Reports on sport, from 1922 to 1998, define social problems and legitimate governing, and sport as a solution, in the name of benefiting Swedish society. The analysis shows that citizens' 'good' and 'healthy' behaviour and bodies are in focus of problematisation throughout the studied period. In relation to this, sport is seen as an important tool and solution ...


Modelling The Human Visual Cortex, A Complete Model From Visual Stimulus To Bold Measurement, Mark M. Schira, Peter Robinson, Michael Breakspear, Kevin M. Aquino Jan 2014

Modelling The Human Visual Cortex, A Complete Model From Visual Stimulus To Bold Measurement, Mark M. Schira, Peter Robinson, Michael Breakspear, Kevin M. Aquino

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at The Asia-Pacific Conference on Vision (APCV) 2014 19-22 July 2014, Takamatsu, Japan


The Anthropocene And Geography Iii: Future Directions, Noel Castree Jan 2014

The Anthropocene And Geography Iii: Future Directions, Noel Castree

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This is the last of three papers that explore the relevance of 'the Anthropocene' (and the related idea of 'planetary boundaries') to present and future research in Geography. The first paper (The Anthropocene and Geography I: The back story) summarised the origins and evolution of the proposition that the Holocene has ended. The second paper (The Anthropocene and Geography II: Current contributions) then mapped-out the relatively few, but varied, contributions that geographers have so far made to assessing or advancing this proposition. This final instalment looks ahead. It offers readers informed speculation on how future discussions of the Anthropocene might ...


Geography And The Anthropocene Ii: Current Contributions, Noel Castree Jan 2014

Geography And The Anthropocene Ii: Current Contributions, Noel Castree

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This and two companion papers (The Anthropocene and Geography I: The back story and The Anthropocene and Geography III: Future Directions) consider the relevance of 'the Anthropocene' to present and future research in Geography. Along with the concept of 'planetary boundaries', the idea that humanity has entered a new geological epoch of its own making is currently attracting considerable attention - both within and beyond the world of Earth surface science from whence both notions originate. This paper's predecessor detailed the invention and evolution of the two scientific neologisms, ending with a general discussion of their potential relevance to Geography ...


The Anthropocene And Geography I: The Back Story, Noel Castree Jan 2014

The Anthropocene And Geography I: The Back Story, Noel Castree

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This and two companion papers (Geography and the Anthropocene II: Current Contributions and The Anthropocene and Geography III: Future Directions) consider the relevance of 'the Anthropocene' to present and future research in Geography. Along with the concept of 'planetary boundaries', the idea that humanity has entered a new geological epoch of its own making is currently attracting considerable attention - both within and beyond the world of Earth surface science from whence both notions originate. This paper summarises the origins and evolution of the scientific discourse since the Anthropocene idea was first proposed in 2000. It ends by outlining the potential ...


Do We Need Specific Disaster Management Education For Social Work?, Lesley L. Cooper, Lynne Briggs Jan 2014

Do We Need Specific Disaster Management Education For Social Work?, Lesley L. Cooper, Lynne Briggs

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Social workers play important roles in disaster rescue, recovery and preparation for future disasters. However, their professional education has few elements that prepare them for specific disaster management roles and activities. This paper provides a review of the activities of social workers in disasters in the Asia Pacific, identifies specific training needs, and notes gaps in education and training. Based on this, curriculum initiatives are proposed that go beyond formal education based on concepts and principles of disaster management to include simulations and practice scenarios reflecting the complexities associated with disaster management in the health, community and human services areas.


If At First You Don't Succeed: Older Consumers And Hospital Food & Beverage Packaging - A Matter Of Try, Try And Try Again!, Alison F. Bell, Karen L. Walton, Nicola Westblade, Kate Morson, Jacqueline S. Chevis, Leire Harries, Alaster Yoxall Jan 2014

If At First You Don't Succeed: Older Consumers And Hospital Food & Beverage Packaging - A Matter Of Try, Try And Try Again!, Alison F. Bell, Karen L. Walton, Nicola Westblade, Kate Morson, Jacqueline S. Chevis, Leire Harries, Alaster Yoxall

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

‘Openability’ of food and beverage packaging has been shown to be problematic for older consumers. Pressure on resources has seen the use of packaged food and beverages increase in Hospitals within the NSW region of Australia. Studies at the University of Wollongong have shown that not only is Hospital food & beverage packaging problematic, difficulty opening it was identified as a barrier to nutritional intake.

Given the serious nature of the problem, a series of studies have been undertaken by the University of Wollongong and Sheffield Hallam University, to evaluate the issues surrounding the ‘openability’ of this packaging in an attempt ...


Most Measures Are Still Uncommon: The Need For Comparability, Jon Twing, Jim S. Tognolini Jan 2014

Most Measures Are Still Uncommon: The Need For Comparability, Jon Twing, Jim S. Tognolini

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This paper makes explicit the desire and need to link disparate assessments in large-scale assessments. Furthermore, it shows that well established and well-defended studies (like the Anchor Test Study and those associated with the Voluntary National Tests in the US), disagree regarding the viability, validity and practicality of linking disparate assessments. We point out what is now a common procedure in Australia for linking disparate statewide assessments. Furthermore, we present a scenario in India in which we make the argument that such a linking is better than no linking at all. We demonstrate outcomes of one implementation of this linking ...


Exploring The Participation Of First In Family Students In University With Particular Reference To How This Impacts Upon Intergenerational Choices Around, And Perceptions Of, Higher Education, Sarah Elizabeth O'Shea Jan 2014

Exploring The Participation Of First In Family Students In University With Particular Reference To How This Impacts Upon Intergenerational Choices Around, And Perceptions Of, Higher Education, Sarah Elizabeth O'Shea

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract of a paper presented at The Forum for Access and Continuing Education's (FACE) 21st Annual Conference, 2-4 July 2014, Salford, United Kingdom


Measuring Students' Perceptions Of Plagiarism: Modification And Rasch Validation Of A Plagiarism Attitude Scale, Steven J. Howard, John F. Ehrich, Russell Walton Jan 2014

Measuring Students' Perceptions Of Plagiarism: Modification And Rasch Validation Of A Plagiarism Attitude Scale, Steven J. Howard, John F. Ehrich, Russell Walton

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Plagiarism is a significant area of concern in higher education, given university students' high self-reported rates of plagiarism. However, research remains inconsistent in prevalence estimates and suggested precursors of plagiarism. This may be a function of the unclear psychometric properties of the measurement tools adopted. To investigate this, we modified an existing plagiarism scale (to broaden its scope), established its psychometric properties using traditional (EFA, Cronbach's alpha) and modern (Rasch analysis) survey evaluation approaches, and examined results of well-functioning items. Results indicated that traditional and modern psychometric approaches differed in their recommendations. Further, responses indicated that although most respondents ...