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Full-Text Articles in Education

Older, Online And First: Recommendations For Retention And Success, Cathy Stone, Sarah Elizabeth O'Shea Jan 2019

Older, Online And First: Recommendations For Retention And Success, Cathy Stone, Sarah Elizabeth O'Shea

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The university student population in Australia contains increasing numbers of older students returning to learning after a significant gap in their educational journey. Many are choosing to enrol online to combine their studies with other time-consuming responsibilities. This article examines the nature of this online student experience with a focus on those aged 25 and over who are the first in their families to embark on university studies. Drawing on interviews conducted with both staff and students operating in this virtual space, as well as other related research and literature, this article offers recommendations to higher education institutions and educators ...


Two Studies Of The Empirical Basis Of Two Learning Resource-Oriented Motivational Strategies For Gifted Educators, Anamaria Vladut, Wilma Vialle, Albert Ziegler Jan 2018

Two Studies Of The Empirical Basis Of Two Learning Resource-Oriented Motivational Strategies For Gifted Educators, Anamaria Vladut, Wilma Vialle, Albert Ziegler

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Two learning resource-oriented motivational strategies for gifted educators are introduced: a homeostatic orientation that aims for balance and an allostatic orientation that aims at growth. In order to establish the empirical basis of these motivational strategies, two studies were conducted with samples of students from a specialized post-secondary business school who were enrolled in grades 11–13. Study 1 focused on the empirical basis of the homeostatic orientation. It was shown that the availability of learning resources is associated with two forms of balance within an actiotope: robustness and resilience. Furthermore, it could be shown that the effects of exogenous ...


Cash Transfer Interventions For Sexual Health: Meanings And Experiences Of Adolescent Males And Females In Inner-City Johannesburg, Nomhle Khoza, Jonathan Stadler, Catherine L. Macphail, Admire Chikandiwa, Heena Brahmbhatt, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe Jan 2018

Cash Transfer Interventions For Sexual Health: Meanings And Experiences Of Adolescent Males And Females In Inner-City Johannesburg, Nomhle Khoza, Jonathan Stadler, Catherine L. Macphail, Admire Chikandiwa, Heena Brahmbhatt, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background In sub-Saharan Africa, there is growing interest in the use of cash transfer (CT) programs for HIV treatment and prevention. However, there is limited evidence of the consequences related to CT provision to adolescents in low-resourced urban settings. We explored the experiences of adolescents receiving CTs to assess the acceptability and unintended consequences of CT strategies in urban Johannesburg, South Africa. Methods We collected qualitative data during a pilot randomized controlled trial of three CT strategies (monthly payments unconditional vs. conditional on school attendance vs. a once-off payment conditional on a clinic visit) involving 120 adolescents aged 16-18 years ...


Role Of Sleep Duration And Sleep-Related Problems In The Metabolic Syndrome Among Children And Adolescents, Leonardo Pulido-Arjona, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Cesar A. Agostinis-Sobrinho, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos, Maria Correa-Rodriguez, Antonio Garcia-Hermoso, Robinson Ramirez-Velez Jan 2018

Role Of Sleep Duration And Sleep-Related Problems In The Metabolic Syndrome Among Children And Adolescents, Leonardo Pulido-Arjona, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Cesar A. Agostinis-Sobrinho, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos, Maria Correa-Rodriguez, Antonio Garcia-Hermoso, Robinson Ramirez-Velez

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: There is increasing recognition that sleep is a risk factor for metabolic syndrome (MetS). The aim of the present study was to analyze the relationship between self-reported sleep duration, sleep-related problems and the presence of MetS in children and adolescents from Bogotá, D.C., Colombia. Methods: This is a cross-sectional analysis from the FUPRECOL study (2014-15). Participants included 2779 (54.2% girls) youth from Bogota (Colombia). MetS was defined as the presence of ≥3 of the metabolic abnormalities (hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol [HDL-c], hypertension, and increased waist circumference) according to the criteria of de Ferranti/Magge and ...


With Apartment Living On The Rise, How Do Families And Their Noisy Children Fit In?, Sophie-May Kerr Jan 2018

With Apartment Living On The Rise, How Do Families And Their Noisy Children Fit In?, Sophie-May Kerr

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

A growing number of Australians live in apartments. The compact city model presents many benefits. However, living close to each other also presents challenges. Rapid growth in apartment developments in recent decades has led to a rise in noise-related complaints and disputes across urban Australia. Households with children are on the front line of such tensions. They are one of the fastest-growing demographics living in apartments. Analysis of the latest census data show, for instance, that families with children under the age of 15 comprise 25% of Sydney's apartment population. Apartment design and cultural acceptance of families in the ...


Tren Hidup Di Apartemen Terus Meningkat, Bagaimana Keluarga Dengan Anak Kecil Beradaptasi?, Sophie-May Kerr Jan 2018

Tren Hidup Di Apartemen Terus Meningkat, Bagaimana Keluarga Dengan Anak Kecil Beradaptasi?, Sophie-May Kerr

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Di Sydney, satu dari empat penghuni apartemen merupakan keluarga dengan anak. Tetapi desain serta bayangan akan kehidupan di apartemen belum mengimbangi perubahan demografi yang pesat ini.


Evaluation Of The Preschool Situational Self-Regulation Toolkit (Prsist) Program For Supporting Children's Early Self-Regulation Development: Study Protocol For A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial, Steven J. Howard, Elena Vasseleu, Cathrine Marguerite Neilsen-Hewett, Ken Cliff Jan 2018

Evaluation Of The Preschool Situational Self-Regulation Toolkit (Prsist) Program For Supporting Children's Early Self-Regulation Development: Study Protocol For A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial, Steven J. Howard, Elena Vasseleu, Cathrine Marguerite Neilsen-Hewett, Ken Cliff

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Backround: For children with low self-regulation in the preschool years, the likelihood of poorer intellectual, health, wealth and anti-social outcomes in adulthood is overwhelming. Yet this knowledge has not yielded a framework for understanding self-regulatory change, nor generated particularly successful methods for enacting this change. Reconciling insights from cross-disciplinary theory, research and practice, this study seeks to implement a newly developed program of low-cost and routine practices and activities for supporting early self-regulatory development within preschool contexts and to evaluate its effect on children's self-regulation, executive function and school readiness; and educator perceived knowledge, attitudes and self-efficacy related to ...


Second-Hand Exposure Of Staff Administering Vaporised Cannabinoid Products To Patients In A Hospital Setting, Nadia Solowij, Peter Galettis, Samantha J. Broyd, Peter De Krey, Jennifer H. Martin Jan 2018

Second-Hand Exposure Of Staff Administering Vaporised Cannabinoid Products To Patients In A Hospital Setting, Nadia Solowij, Peter Galettis, Samantha J. Broyd, Peter De Krey, Jennifer H. Martin

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background In many health settings, administration of medicinal cannabis poses significant implementation barriers including drug storage and safety for administering staff and surrounding patients. Different modes of administration also provide different yet potentially significant issues. One route that has become of clinical interest owing to the rapid onset of action and patient control of the inhaled amount (via breath timing and depth) is that of vaporisation of cannabinoid products. Although requiring a registered therapeutic device for administration, this is a relatively safe method of intrapulmonary administration that may be particularly useful for patients with difficulty swallowing, and for those in ...


Does Precautionary Information About Electromagnetic Fields Trigger Nocebo Responses? An Experimental Risk Communication Study, Christoph A. Boehmert, Adam Verrender, Mario Pauli, Peter M. Wiedemann Jan 2018

Does Precautionary Information About Electromagnetic Fields Trigger Nocebo Responses? An Experimental Risk Communication Study, Christoph A. Boehmert, Adam Verrender, Mario Pauli, Peter M. Wiedemann

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

2018 The Author(s). Background: Regarding electromagnetic fields from mobile communication technologies, empirical studies have shown that precautionary information given to lay recipients increases their risk perceptions, i.e. the belief that electromagnetic fie lds are dangerous. Taking this finding one step further, the current study investigates whether precautionary information also leads to higher symptom perceptions in an alleged exposure situation. Building on existing research on nocebo responses to sham electromagnetic fields, an interaction of the precautionary information with personality characteristics was hypothesised. Methods: An experimental design with sham exposure to an electromagnetic field of a WLAN device was deployed ...


Executive Function Associated With Sexual Risk In Young South African Women: Findings From The Hptn 068 Cohort, Molly Rosenberg, Audrey Pettifor, Mihaela Duta, Nele Demeyere, Ryan Wagner, Amanda Selin, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Oliver Laeyendecker, James Hughes, Alan Stein, Stephen Tollman, Kathleen Kahn Jan 2018

Executive Function Associated With Sexual Risk In Young South African Women: Findings From The Hptn 068 Cohort, Molly Rosenberg, Audrey Pettifor, Mihaela Duta, Nele Demeyere, Ryan Wagner, Amanda Selin, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Oliver Laeyendecker, James Hughes, Alan Stein, Stephen Tollman, Kathleen Kahn

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Purpose Heightened sexual risk in adolescence and young adulthood may be partially explained by deficits in executive functioning, the set of cognitive processes used to make reasoned decisions. However, the association between executive function and sexual risk is understudied among adolescent girls and young women, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Methods In a cohort of 853 young women age 18±25 in rural Mpumalanga province, South Africa, we evaluated executive function with three non-verbal cognitive tests: I. a rule-finding test, II. a trail-making test, and III. a figure drawing test. Using log-binomial regression models, we estimated the association between ...


Biophysically Based Method To Deconvolve Spatiotemporal Neurovascular Signals From Fmri Data, J Pang, K M. Aquino, Peter Robinson, T C. Lacy, Mark M. Schira Jan 2018

Biophysically Based Method To Deconvolve Spatiotemporal Neurovascular Signals From Fmri Data, J Pang, K M. Aquino, Peter Robinson, T C. Lacy, Mark M. Schira

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

2018 Elsevier B.V. Background: Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is commonly used to infer hemodynamic changes in the brain after increased neural activity, measuring the blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) signal. An important challenge in the analyses of fMRI data is to develop methods that can accurately deconvolve the BOLD signal to extract the driving neural activity and the underlying cerebrovascular effects. New method: A biophysically based method is developed, which combines an extensively verified physiological hemodynamic model with a Wiener filter, to deconvolve the BOLD signal. Results: The method is able to simultaneously obtain spatiotemporal images of underlying neurovascular ...


Body Mass Index Categories And Attained Height In Portuguese Adults, Rafaela Rosario, Renata Barros, Patricia Padrao, Rute Santos, Vitor Teixeira, Oscar Lopes, Nelson Andrade, Andre Moreira, Pedro Moreira Jan 2018

Body Mass Index Categories And Attained Height In Portuguese Adults, Rafaela Rosario, Renata Barros, Patricia Padrao, Rute Santos, Vitor Teixeira, Oscar Lopes, Nelson Andrade, Andre Moreira, Pedro Moreira

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective: To analyze the associations between height and BMI categories in a Portuguese representative sample. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with a representative sample of 32,644 Portuguese adults (52.4% females). Sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics were obtained along with self-reported height and weight. We performed generalized linear models to assess the differences in attained height across BMI categories; analyses were adjusted for age, gender, education, family income per month, proxy reporting information, dietary patterns, and smoking. Results: BMI categories included underweight and normal weight (46.4%), overweight (37.6%), obese class I and II (15.2%), and obese ...


The Long And Winding Road: Experiences Of Students Entering University Through Transition Programs, Theresa Millman, Jacinta M. Mcnamara Jan 2018

The Long And Winding Road: Experiences Of Students Entering University Through Transition Programs, Theresa Millman, Jacinta M. Mcnamara

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This article presents outcomes of two studies which focus on the lived experience of transition by students entering higher education in NSW (New South Wales), Australia, from two divergent pathways: Technical and Further Education (TAFE) and a university based enabling program. The studies intersect in two fundamental ways. First, the theoretical foundations (Mezirow's Transformational Learning Theory and Bourdieu's Social Capital Theory) which emphasise the role of habits of mind and the habitus respectively in an individual's life. Second, both studies have identified the primacy of the contribution of education to changing notions of self. The studies have ...


From Troublesome Materials To Fluid Technologies: Making And Playing With Plastic-Bag Footballs, Natascha Klocker, Paul Mbenna, Christopher R. Gibson Jan 2018

From Troublesome Materials To Fluid Technologies: Making And Playing With Plastic-Bag Footballs, Natascha Klocker, Paul Mbenna, Christopher R. Gibson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The material recalcitrance of plastic bags - evident in their refusal to decompose and their capacity to evade neat disposal - is a widespread source of environmental concern and frustration. Yet throughout the Majority (developing) World, the incessant materiality of plastic affords boys and young men an opportunity to make footballs (soccer balls) out of waste. Made in situ, plasticbag footballs are uniquely suited to local contexts and landscapes - a resourceful technology assembled from otherwise troublesome materials. Plastic-bag footballs are also fluid: perpetually in-the-making and characterized by diverse states of working order. Insights garnered from discussions with young Tanzanian football-makers and players ...


Health Literacy And Health-Promoting Behaviours Among Australian-Singaporean Communities Living In Sydney Metropolitan Area, Tze Gek Ho, Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Rahman Rahman, Mohamud Sheikh Jan 2018

Health Literacy And Health-Promoting Behaviours Among Australian-Singaporean Communities Living In Sydney Metropolitan Area, Tze Gek Ho, Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Rahman Rahman, Mohamud Sheikh

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Health literacy affects how individuals navigate and make decisions within the healthcare system and has been recognized to influence health behaviours. However, less is known about its associations with health-promoting behaviours amongst Australian migrant populations. This study is an attempt to fill this gap by investigating the level of health literacy and its associations with physical activity, healthy diet, smoking and health services utilization among Australian-Singaporean communities. Methods: A total of 157 participants were recruited from Singaporean communities living in Sydney metropolitan areas, New South Wales, Australia. Data was collected through a cross-sectional online survey from January 2016 to ...


Opportunities And Challenges To Improving Antibiotic Prescribing Practices Through A One Health Approach: Results Of A Comparative Survey Of Doctors, Dentists And Veterinarians In Australia, Annie Zhuo, Maurizio Labbate, Jacqueline M. Norris, Gwendolyn L. Gilbert, Michael P. Ward, Beata Bajorek, Christopher J. Degeling, Samantha J. Rowbotham, Angus Dawson, Ky-Anh Nguyen, Grant A. Hill-Cawthorne, T C. Sorrell, Merran Govendir, Alison M. Kesson, Jon Iredell, Dale Dominey-Howes Jan 2018

Opportunities And Challenges To Improving Antibiotic Prescribing Practices Through A One Health Approach: Results Of A Comparative Survey Of Doctors, Dentists And Veterinarians In Australia, Annie Zhuo, Maurizio Labbate, Jacqueline M. Norris, Gwendolyn L. Gilbert, Michael P. Ward, Beata Bajorek, Christopher J. Degeling, Samantha J. Rowbotham, Angus Dawson, Ky-Anh Nguyen, Grant A. Hill-Cawthorne, T C. Sorrell, Merran Govendir, Alison M. Kesson, Jon Iredell, Dale Dominey-Howes

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objectives: To explore and compare the knowledge, attitudes and experiences of doctors, dentists and veterinarians (as prescribers) in relation to antibiotic use and antibiotic resistance (AbR), and to consider the implications of these for policy-making that support a One Health approach. Design: A cross-sectional survey conducted online. Setting: Doctors, dentists and veterinarians practising in primary, secondary or tertiary care in Australia. Participants: 547 doctors, 380 dentists and 403 veterinarians completed the survey. Main outcome measures: Prescribers' knowledge, attitudes and perceptions of AbR, the extent to which a range of factors are perceived as barriers to appropriate prescribing practices, and perceived ...


Assessing The Public Acceptability Of Proposed Policy Interventions To Reduce The Misuse Of Antibiotics In Australia: A Report On Two Community Juries, Christopher J. Degeling, Jane Johnson, Jon Iredell, Ky-Anh Nguyen, Jacqueline M. Norris, John Turnidge, Angus Dawson, Stacy M. Carter, Gwendolyn L. Gilbert Jan 2018

Assessing The Public Acceptability Of Proposed Policy Interventions To Reduce The Misuse Of Antibiotics In Australia: A Report On Two Community Juries, Christopher J. Degeling, Jane Johnson, Jon Iredell, Ky-Anh Nguyen, Jacqueline M. Norris, John Turnidge, Angus Dawson, Stacy M. Carter, Gwendolyn L. Gilbert

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective: To elicit the views of well-informed community members on the acceptability of proposed policy interventions designed to improve community use of antibiotics in Australia. Design: Two community juries held in 2016. Setting and participants: Western Sydney and Dubbo communities in NSW, Australia. Twenty-nine participants of diverse social and cultural backgrounds, mixed genders and ages recruited via public advertising: one jury was drawn from a large metropolitan setting; the other from a regional/rural setting. Main outcome measure: Jury verdict and rationale in response to a prioritization task and structured questions. Results: Both juries concluded that potential policy interventions to ...


Therapeutic Effects Of Prolonged Cannabidiol Treatment On Psychological Symptoms And Cognitive Function In Regular Cannabis Users: A Pragmatic Open-Label Clinical Trial, Nadia Solowij, Samantha J. Broyd, Camilla Beale, Julie-Anne Prick, Lisa-Marie Greenwood, Hendrika H. Van Hell, Chao Suo, Peter Galettis, Nagesh B. Pai, Shanlin Fu, Rodney J. Croft, Jennifer H. Martin, Murat Yucel Jan 2018

Therapeutic Effects Of Prolonged Cannabidiol Treatment On Psychological Symptoms And Cognitive Function In Regular Cannabis Users: A Pragmatic Open-Label Clinical Trial, Nadia Solowij, Samantha J. Broyd, Camilla Beale, Julie-Anne Prick, Lisa-Marie Greenwood, Hendrika H. Van Hell, Chao Suo, Peter Galettis, Nagesh B. Pai, Shanlin Fu, Rodney J. Croft, Jennifer H. Martin, Murat Yucel

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Chronic cannabis use has been associated with impaired cognition and elevated psychological symptoms, particularly psychotic-like experiences.


Prolonged Cannabidiol Treatment Effects On Hippocampal Subfield Volumes In Current Cannabis Users, Camilla Beale, Samantha J. Broyd, Yann Chye, Mark M. Schira, Peter Galettis, Jennifer H. Martin, Murat Yucel, Nadia Solowij Jan 2018

Prolonged Cannabidiol Treatment Effects On Hippocampal Subfield Volumes In Current Cannabis Users, Camilla Beale, Samantha J. Broyd, Yann Chye, Mark M. Schira, Peter Galettis, Jennifer H. Martin, Murat Yucel, Nadia Solowij

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

No abstract provided.


Public Health Nutrition Special Issue On Ultra-Processed Foods, Bridget Kelly, Enrique Jacoby Jan 2018

Public Health Nutrition Special Issue On Ultra-Processed Foods, Bridget Kelly, Enrique Jacoby

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Editorial


Evidence For Sample Selection Effect And Hawthorne Effect In Behavioural Hiv Prevention Trial Among Young Women In A Rural South African Community, Molly Rosenberg, Audrey Pettifor, Rhian Twine, James Hughes, F Gomez-Olive, Ryan Wagner, Afolabi Sulaimon, Stephen Tollman, Amanda Selin, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Kathleen Kahn Jan 2018

Evidence For Sample Selection Effect And Hawthorne Effect In Behavioural Hiv Prevention Trial Among Young Women In A Rural South African Community, Molly Rosenberg, Audrey Pettifor, Rhian Twine, James Hughes, F Gomez-Olive, Ryan Wagner, Afolabi Sulaimon, Stephen Tollman, Amanda Selin, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Kathleen Kahn

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objectives We examined the potential influence of both sample selection effects and Hawthorne effects in the behavioural HIV Prevention Trial Network 068 study, designed to examine whether cash transfers conditional on school attendance reduce HIV acquisition in young South African women. We explored whether school enrolment among study participants differed from the underlying population, and whether differences existed at baseline (sample selection effect) or arose during study participation (Hawthorne effect). Methods We constructed a cohort of 3889 young women aged 11-20 years using data from the Agincourt Health and socio-Demographic Surveillance System. We compared school enrolment in 2011 (trial start ...


The Effects Of Digital Marketing Of Unhealthy Commodities On Young People: A Systematic Review, Li Min Buchanan, Bridget Kelly, Heather Yeatman, Kishan A. Kariippanon Jan 2018

The Effects Of Digital Marketing Of Unhealthy Commodities On Young People: A Systematic Review, Li Min Buchanan, Bridget Kelly, Heather Yeatman, Kishan A. Kariippanon

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The marketing of unhealthy commodities through traditional media is known to impact consumers' product attitudes and behaviors. Less is known about the impacts of digital marketing (online promotional activities), especially among young people who have a strong online presence. This review systematically assesses the relationship between digital marketing and young people's attitudes and behaviors towards unhealthy commodities. Literature was identified in June 2017 by searches in six electronic databases. Primary studies (both qualitative and quantitative) that examined the effect of digital marketing of unhealthy food or beverages, alcohol and tobacco products on young people's (12 to 30 years ...


Conditional Cash Transfers And The Reduction In Partner Violence For Young Women: An Investigation Of Causal Pathways Using Evidence From A Randomized Experiment In South Africa (Hptn 068), Kelly N. Kilburn, Audrey Pettifor, Jessie Edwards, Amanda Selin, Rhian Twine, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Ryan Wagner, James Hughes, Jing Wang, Kathleen Kahn Jan 2018

Conditional Cash Transfers And The Reduction In Partner Violence For Young Women: An Investigation Of Causal Pathways Using Evidence From A Randomized Experiment In South Africa (Hptn 068), Kelly N. Kilburn, Audrey Pettifor, Jessie Edwards, Amanda Selin, Rhian Twine, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Ryan Wagner, James Hughes, Jing Wang, Kathleen Kahn

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Introduction Evidence has shown that the experience of violence by a partner has important influences on women's risk of HIV acquisition. Using a randomized experiment in northeast South Africa, we found that a conditional cash transfer (CCT) targeted to poor girls in high school reduced the risk of physical intimate partner violence (IPV) in the past 12 months by 34%. The purpose of this analysis is to understand the pathways through which the CCT affects IPV. Methods HPTN 068 was a phase 3, randomized controlled trial in rural Mpumalanga province, South Africa. Eligible young women (aged 13-20) and their ...


The Development, Pilot, And Process Evaluation Of A Parent Mental Health Literacy Intervention Through Community Sports Clubs, Diarmuid Hurley, Mark S. Allen, Christian F. Swann, Anthony D. Okely, Stewart A. Vella Jan 2018

The Development, Pilot, And Process Evaluation Of A Parent Mental Health Literacy Intervention Through Community Sports Clubs, Diarmuid Hurley, Mark S. Allen, Christian F. Swann, Anthony D. Okely, Stewart A. Vella

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The mental health literacy of parents may be critical in facilitating positive child and adolescent mental health outcomes. The purpose of this study was to develop, pilot, and evaluate a targeted parent mental health literacy intervention through community sports clubs.


The Search For Instantaneous Vection: An Oscillating Visual Prime Reduces Vection Onset Latency, Stephen Palmisano, B Riecke Jan 2018

The Search For Instantaneous Vection: An Oscillating Visual Prime Reduces Vection Onset Latency, Stephen Palmisano, B Riecke

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

2018 Palmisano, Riecke. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Typically it takes up to 10 seconds or more to induce a visual illusion of self-motion ("vection"). However, for this vection to be most useful in virtual reality and vehicle simulation, it needs to be induced quickly, if not immediately. This study examined whether vection onset latency could be reduced towards zero using visual display manipulations alone. In the main experiments, visual self-motion ...


Assessing Children's Cognitive Flexibility With The Shape Trail Test, Amy Yc Chan, Sarah Morgan Jan 2018

Assessing Children's Cognitive Flexibility With The Shape Trail Test, Amy Yc Chan, Sarah Morgan

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

2018 Chan, Morgan. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. In this paper we report an initial validation of the Shape Trail Test-Child Version (STT-CV) with a non-clinical sample of children aged 6 to 9 years. The STT-CV has been developed as an age-appropriate and culturally fair direct downward extension of the Trail Making Test (TMT) for the assessment of cognitive flexibility. Children completed the STT-CV and four established measures of executive functions ...


Preparing Quality Teachers: Bridging The Gap Between Tertiary Experiences And Classroom Realities, Corinne Green, Michelle J. Eady, Peter J. Andersen Jan 2018

Preparing Quality Teachers: Bridging The Gap Between Tertiary Experiences And Classroom Realities, Corinne Green, Michelle J. Eady, Peter J. Andersen

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The profound impact of quality teachers on student learning has been widely recognised by researchers and stakeholders alike (Adoniou, 2013; Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership [AITSL], 2011; Darling-Hammond, 2006a; McConney, Price & Woods-McConney, 2012). Teachers are responsible for the increasingly complex task of preparing diverse students for a dynamic world that requires creative, reflective, and critical thinkers (Darling-Hammond, 2006b; Gigliotti, 2012; Ritchart, 2001). Research has consistently demonstrated the value of quality teachers, given their position as the "single most influential in-school factor in improving student learning" (Adoniou, 2013, p. 49) with a lasting impact on student outcomes


Environment Perception And Leisure-Time Physical Activity In Portuguese High School Students, Rita Pereira, Rute Santos, Susana Povoas, Pedro Silva Jan 2018

Environment Perception And Leisure-Time Physical Activity In Portuguese High School Students, Rita Pereira, Rute Santos, Susana Povoas, Pedro Silva

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This study aims to analyze the association between perceived environmental factors and leisure-time physical activity (PA) among adolescents of both genders. Data were collected in autumn of 2011 from 866 adolescents (412 girls and 454 boys) 12- to 18-years-old, from four Portuguese cities. Perception of environmental factors was assessed by Assessing Levels of Physical Activity and Fitness (ALPHA) questionnaire (Spittaels et al., 2010, IJBNPA). PA was assessed by a questionnaire that evaluated PA during leisure-time and participants were assigned into the following categories: sedentary; low active; moderate active; and very active. Boys presented higher levels of structured PA, frequency and ...


Conceptualising Technology Practice In Education Using Bourdieu's Sociology, Karley A. Beckman, Tiffani L. Apps, Sue Bennett, Lori Lockyer Jan 2018

Conceptualising Technology Practice In Education Using Bourdieu's Sociology, Karley A. Beckman, Tiffani L. Apps, Sue Bennett, Lori Lockyer

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Evidence from large-scale studies of primary and secondary students' technology practices at school over the last decade show disparities in student practices and suggest that schools need to do more to cater for all students. Research that explores the influence of social and cultural factors may be useful for understanding such inequality in student practice. Bourdieu's theory of practice [(1977). Outline of a Theory of Practice. London: Cambridge University Press] is proposed as an example of a sociological theory that can be adopted in educational technology research to move towards understanding the wider complexities of technology practice. To encourage ...


Identifying The Characteristics Of Support Australian University Teachers Use In Their Design Work: Implications For The Learning Design Field, Shirley Agostinho, Lori Lockyer, Sue Bennett Jan 2018

Identifying The Characteristics Of Support Australian University Teachers Use In Their Design Work: Implications For The Learning Design Field, Shirley Agostinho, Lori Lockyer, Sue Bennett

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Quality teaching is a strategic objective for universities; thus, there is an expectation that university teachers design high quality learning experience for their students. The field of learning design has developed over the past 15 years as a way to support teachers in their design work. There has been significant research and development work that has focused on creating support tools to help teachers plan, develop and deliver learning experiences. However, little is known about what supports teachers access and use when they design and overall how teachers undertake their design work. This paper presents the findings from a qualitative ...