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Education and Human Development Master's Theses

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A Study Of Stern Structural Materials In Arithmetic In The First And Second Grades, Hilda N. Arnold Jul 1962

A Study Of Stern Structural Materials In Arithmetic In The First And Second Grades, Hilda N. Arnold

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research deals specifically with an experiment in exploring the possibilities of using the Stern Structural Arithmetic Materials as basic instructional equipment in all first and second grades in the Rochester City School District. Number 41 School is one of the experimental schools in this project and the recordings in this paper deal specifically with the findings at this focal point.

The time limit has been set tentatively for three years. The first year, 1960- 61, the materials were introduced in one first and one second grade. The same procedure was used this current year, 1961-62. Next year, 1962-63, all ...


Procedures Used In Planning And Construction Of New Elementary School #2, City School District Of Rochester, Robert F. Humphrey Jun 1962

Procedures Used In Planning And Construction Of New Elementary School #2, City School District Of Rochester, Robert F. Humphrey

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper investigates the planning and construction of Clara Barton School #2, in the Rochester City school district. First, the author examines the factors contributing to the need for a new school facility, as well as its specific design requirements. The author then recounts the multi-step process the city engaged in to acquire the property and begin construction, as well as their hiring of new personnel. Appendices include, student population statistics, planning sheets and chronological record of planning and construction, as well as relevant communications and newspaper articles.


A Study Of Parents’ Reactions And Expectations From Their Schools’ Program Conducted At Iroquois School In West Irondequoit Rochester, New York, William A. Mastin Jr. Jun 1962

A Study Of Parents’ Reactions And Expectations From Their Schools’ Program Conducted At Iroquois School In West Irondequoit Rochester, New York, William A. Mastin Jr.

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Parents, as an active voting community, have a profound impact on the facilities and operations of their local public schools. This paper seeks to better understand parents’ reactions to and expectations of the educational programs at Iroquois School in West Irondequoit, NY. Following a pilot study of the author’s sixth grade, the researcher sent surveys to the parents of all 5th-8th grade students. The researcher categorized parent responses by parent education levels, grouping those with two or fewer years of college/technical training together (Group A), and those with college and/or post-graduate degrees together (Group ...


Classroom Interruptions In The Elementary Schools, John L. Sage Jun 1962

Classroom Interruptions In The Elementary Schools, John L. Sage

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper examines the nature and effect of classroom interruptions. The researcher created and distributed an exploratory survey to teachers at a Rochester city school regarding the nature of classroom interruptions and methods used in dealing with them. The author then used this data to create a more extensive survey examining types, frequency, and number of classroom interruptions. This latter survey was distributed to a cross-section of elementary school teachers from seven graduate Education classes at the College at Brockport during the 1962 Spring semester. The researcher found that the most common reason for classroom interruption was individual music lessons ...


A Study Of The Public School Problem: “Where Does Policy Making End And Administration Begin?”, John G. Lindberg May 1962

A Study Of The Public School Problem: “Where Does Policy Making End And Administration Begin?”, John G. Lindberg

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Local school board members and administrators are the people who have the greatest impact on their local school programs, yet few citizens understand the responsibilities and boundaries of these positions. In this paper, the author asserts that a school’s future is not determined by state/federal educational policy as much as it is by the attitudes its board members have toward one another, as well as toward their administrators. The author attempts to understand the divide between Brockport Central School board members and school administrators during the formulation and execution of existing school policy. The researcher obtained initial data ...


Instructional Units For The Teaching Of Composition In The Eighth Grade, Harvey Rodger May 1962

Instructional Units For The Teaching Of Composition In The Eighth Grade, Harvey Rodger

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Teachers enhance their students’ learning when they relate classroom activities to students’ interests and lives. In this paper, the author presents a series of instructional units to teach composition to eighth graders in a rural New York public school. Units focus on student engagement and cover the following diverse topics: “Families and Friends”, “Patriotism for Our Country”, “The Civil War”, “Observing Animal Life”, and “The Westward Movement”. Each unit includes a suggested reading list, as well as accompanying lessons that focus on various aspects of context, syntax/construction/grammar, narration, and editing techniques.


A Device And Method For Measuring And Classifying Activity Interests Of Pupils And Teachers For The Purpose Of Formulating And Administering A Club Program For Fifth And Sixth Grades, Rocco Albert Lagona May 1962

A Device And Method For Measuring And Classifying Activity Interests Of Pupils And Teachers For The Purpose Of Formulating And Administering A Club Program For Fifth And Sixth Grades, Rocco Albert Lagona

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Historically, school administrators did not consider students’ expressed interests when creating school club programs. This research explores the challenges in developing extracurricular club activities, as well as their sociological and educational implications. The author focuses his studies on fifth and sixth grade club members. First, the author outlines the current teacher-dominated method for defining and establishing extracurricular clubs. Then the author used a formal Interest Inventory survey with students and teachers to establish their interest level in a number of activities, including music, arts and crafts, government and service activities, and physical activities/sports. Ultimately, the author found that differences ...


An Annotated Bibliography On Music And Painting, Addie S. Mccormick Jan 1962

An Annotated Bibliography On Music And Painting, Addie S. Mccormick

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of the study is to determine how many publications, in the Rochester area libraries, consider the common characteristics of art and music, and to analyze their content for relationships of music to visual art.


Evolution, The Story Of Life, Frank Stephen Incardona Jan 1962

Evolution, The Story Of Life, Frank Stephen Incardona

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The prime objective of this paper is to present some of the theories concerning human development beginning with some of the earliest theories and progressing to some of a more recent nature.

A general definition of the word evolution means change. There is no doubt that there are many changes occurring about us every day. The evolution with which this paper is concerned is a special kind of change called organic evolution. This subdivision of evolution deals with changes undergone by living things.


A Study Of The Audio-Visual Program In The Greece Central School District Number 1, S. William F. Liberto Jan 1962

A Study Of The Audio-Visual Program In The Greece Central School District Number 1, S. William F. Liberto

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

School programs must be evaluated to gauge their effectiveness and provide insight for future direction. This study seeks to evaluate the Audio-Visual program in a public school in Western New York and includes a brief history of the community. The researcher uses a modified Schwartz questionnaire to survey teachers, grade K-11, where employed by the school district during the 1960-61 school year. Results showed that the schools either met or exceeded standards for sufficient equipment, and that over 70% of teachers believed that schools’ audio-visual program was adequate. The researcher suggests further analysis of the schools’ audio-visual philosophy and the ...


Handbook For Student-Teachers : Abraham Lincoln School : East Irondequoit Central School District #1, Robert H. Gefell Jan 1962

Handbook For Student-Teachers : Abraham Lincoln School : East Irondequoit Central School District #1, Robert H. Gefell

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This booklet is directed to you who are about to embark on a career of teaching children. It is intended to help you in your work as a student teacher at Abraham Lincoln School, East Irondequoit Central School District #1. The task of any teacher is to provide situations in which pupils can acquire maximum growth. It is the author's hope that this guide will help you to arrange such conditions early in your student teaching assignment.


A Comparison Of The Philosophy And Of Teaching Of Third Grade Reading According To Houghton Mifflin Company (Mckee) The John C. Winston Company (Stauffer) And Ginn & Company (Russell) Basal Readers, Joy Morris Thomas Jul 1961

A Comparison Of The Philosophy And Of Teaching Of Third Grade Reading According To Houghton Mifflin Company (Mckee) The John C. Winston Company (Stauffer) And Ginn & Company (Russell) Basal Readers, Joy Morris Thomas

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Presenting students with a variety of learning materials helps to engage their interest. In this study, the researcher evaluates three reading systems to determine which best meets class needs. The researcher begins by comparing the aims/philosophies of the different titles. The researcher then compares the content, focusing on program, illustration format, and organization. Finally, the researcher examines the series’ approaches to introducing new words, teaching word-attack and study skills, and compares the teacher’s editions. The author concludes that she will use the Houghton Mifflin texts with the above-average readers in her class, and the Ginn texts with the ...


Creativity In Children’S Writing, Harry R. Sisson Jun 1961

Creativity In Children’S Writing, Harry R. Sisson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In this master thesis the author tests three different story writing approaches to determine which best prompts students’ creativity. The three approaches include: tall tales, actual experiences, and suggested topics. Twenty 6th grade students wrote creative stories in one of the three approaches. The researcher made it clear that students’ stories not be graded, and would not impact their grade report in any way. Three different teachers independently scored each story for its creativity. The researcher found that writing about actual experiences seemed to stimulate the most creativity from students. Tall tales yielded the same level of creativity as ...


A Study Of Reporting Methods In The Penfield Central School District Number One, Robert J. Walsh Jun 1961

A Study Of Reporting Methods In The Penfield Central School District Number One, Robert J. Walsh

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Reporting students’ progress to their parents/guardians can be more complicated than it would first appear. In this paper, the researcher evaluates reporting methods in an upstate New York school district during the 1959-1960 academic year. It focuses on teachers’ need to communicate more information to parents than merely their child’s grades. The researcher presents a list of markers for effective teacher-parent communication, and includes a guide for reporting to parents. The paper includes a history of the town of Penfield and its school district. The researcher concludes that the school district is conforming to contemporary best-practices for parent-teacher ...


The Formation Of A Developmental Literature Program For The Intermediate Grade Level At Wheeler Avenue School, Valley Stream, New York, Harvey A. Dorfman Jan 1961

The Formation Of A Developmental Literature Program For The Intermediate Grade Level At Wheeler Avenue School, Valley Stream, New York, Harvey A. Dorfman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Strong literacy skills lead to lifelong advantages. This study reviews the ideas and attitudes within the field of children’s literature, and proposes a new developmental literature program for intermediate grades at Wheeler Avenue School. The proposed program differs from the existing programs in its focus on developing students’ literary backgrounds, vs. simply improving students’ reading skills. The author emphasizes cultivating students’ interest in reading through read-alouds and providing them with enjoyable texts, and pays special attention to the importance of literature-based activities, such as puppet shows, choral speaking, and dramatic play.


A Survey Of Transportation And A Bus Scheduling Proposal For The Hilton Central School District 1959-1960, Salvatore Catalino Jun 1960

A Survey Of Transportation And A Bus Scheduling Proposal For The Hilton Central School District 1959-1960, Salvatore Catalino

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The problem of this research project is to examine the present transportation program in the Hilton Central School District. The objectives of this research will be: (1) To determine the transportation needs of the District; (2) To obtain the existing transportation data; ( 3 ) To prepare a. practical end effective schedule; (4) To organize the present three trip system into a two trip system.


A Study Of The Analysis And Identification Of The Component Parts Involved In The Establishing Of An Adult Education Program In The Town Of Greece, Leonard Ofsowitz Jun 1960

A Study Of The Analysis And Identification Of The Component Parts Involved In The Establishing Of An Adult Education Program In The Town Of Greece, Leonard Ofsowitz

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The majority of the American population is made up of adults, yet little attention is paid to providing adults with educational opportunities. In this paper, the author describes the importance of providing continuing education to improve adults’ lives, job prospects, and experiences. He suggests that the public school is the idea facility for providing this education, as it already has both the staff and the physical resources to do so. To that end, the author compiles and analyzes the component parts for establishing an adult education program in the town of Greece, NY. First, he examines and analyzes needed and ...


The Planning And Adoption Of A Merit Program For The Rush-Henrietta Central School, Donovan A. Shilling Jun 1960

The Planning And Adoption Of A Merit Program For The Rush-Henrietta Central School, Donovan A. Shilling

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper outlines the planning and implementation of a merit-based evaluation program for the teachers at Rush-Henrietta Central School. Details include a history of teacher evaluation at Rush-Henrietta, committee formation, program chronology, and arguments opposed to the merit program. The author discusses the difficulties of defining merit-based evaluation and suggests a number of situations in which teachers may demonstrate merit, including in-service training, curriculum planning, and further education. He also presents alternatives to simplistic checklist evaluation. Appendices include news articles regarding teacher salaries, teacher salary schedules and promotion requirements, and assorted teacher evaluation forms.


A Study Of The Principles And Methods Of Educational Finance As They Pertain To Greece Central School District #1, George A. Vito May 1960

A Study Of The Principles And Methods Of Educational Finance As They Pertain To Greece Central School District #1, George A. Vito

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The question on how to properly finance public schools is an important one. In this study, the author explains the methods used in the State of New York. The Town of Greece is used to illustrate how these methods are used in a real life example.

The revenue used for education comes from multiple sources including state aid, cafeterias, property taxes, and miscellaneous. Originally, state aid would compensate for all financial needs not met. This meant that a rich community could pay less and receive more state aid than a poor community. The original program didn’t give communities an ...


Evaluation Of A Reading Program Tri Valley Central School Grahamsville, New York, Rita Cerato Oct 1959

Evaluation Of A Reading Program Tri Valley Central School Grahamsville, New York, Rita Cerato

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a new modified-Joplin-style reading program for intermediate grade students. Under this program, teachers sorted the children into groups by reading level, rather than by age/grade level. The smallest group consisted of seven members and the largest consisted of thirty. Teachers then engaged students in one hour of reading instruction every school day, with an additional half hour allotted to cultivate free reading habits. The program emphasized reading as a fun, leisure activity and focused on entertaining texts. Results for the program were mixed. The research evaluated the program ...


A Study Of Teacher Opinion Regarding Some Of The Means By Which Elementary School Science Instruction Can Be Made More Effective, David E. Czekanski Sep 1959

A Study Of Teacher Opinion Regarding Some Of The Means By Which Elementary School Science Instruction Can Be Made More Effective, David E. Czekanski

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In this master thesis the author surveys and analyzes teacher opinion on how to best improve science instruction in the elementary school. Fifty-three elementary school teachers in East Irondequoit Central School District and 35 teachers from outer districts were polled on their opinion on how to improve science in the elementary school. Polled teachers were asked to rank specific areas of improvement according to their importance. Results indicated that the most important method of science improvement was designing a science program aimed at providing children from kindergarten through the sixth grade with a basic understanding that will enable them to ...


A Determination Of The Custodial Services Required To Maintain And Operate The Watkins Glen Central Schools, David E. Ruggles Aug 1959

A Determination Of The Custodial Services Required To Maintain And Operate The Watkins Glen Central Schools, David E. Ruggles

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Maintenance and custodial staff contribute to education by optimizing the comfort of the learning environment. This paper analyzes the custodial services required to run a central New York public school in order to determine the true scope of its necessary resources. The author considers a number of estimating models, including Steen’s Method and Fildes’ Method, and uses Pyoski’s Method to determine the school’s custodial requirements. The author determines that the Watkins Glen school system does not have adequate staff to care for its grounds. He suggests expanding the staff, and he offers suggestions about how to best ...


The Development, Analysis And Appraisal Of Procedures Employed At The Various Stages Of Budget Formation In The Area Of Instructional Materials In The Penn Yan Central School System, Lawrence D. Paul Jun 1959

The Development, Analysis And Appraisal Of Procedures Employed At The Various Stages Of Budget Formation In The Area Of Instructional Materials In The Penn Yan Central School System, Lawrence D. Paul

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

A solid education is the foundation of a successful society. Because of this, it is vital that the various components of the educational system undergo continuous analysis, in order to ensure their effectiveness and constant improvement. In this paper, the author examines and analyzes the process used to form the Penn Yan Central School system budget. First he examines the major areas of expense incurred by the school, including textbook materials, supplies, and other expenses of instruction. Then he describes the responsibilities/functions of the chief administrator in this process, and compares Penn Yan’s procedures to that of other ...


An Inquiry Into Fundamental Qualifications For School Administration And A Survey Of The Male Graduates Class Of 1949 Brockport State Teachers College, Archie E. Freitas Jun 1959

An Inquiry Into Fundamental Qualifications For School Administration And A Survey Of The Male Graduates Class Of 1949 Brockport State Teachers College, Archie E. Freitas

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The author discusses the importance of qualified administration in the public school system given the impact of the public school system on American life and culture. First, the author explores the role of elementary school administrators, as well as the core competencies administrators need to effectively perform critical tasks. Then, the author discusses personal qualifications that allow administrators to maximize their managerial impact, as well as the positive impact of job-specific training/education/professional preparation on administrative performance. The paper concludes with the results from a survey of male teaching graduates investigating their career paths since graduation, including graduate education ...


A Study Of Faculty Resources For The Purpose Of Improving Curriculum Planning, Jack L. Peterson Apr 1959

A Study Of Faculty Resources For The Purpose Of Improving Curriculum Planning, Jack L. Peterson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Teachers often have interests, skills, and specialties that can enrich their students’ experience by extending their learning beyond the traditional confines of grade-level education. This paper proposes surveying faculty about their personal hobbies and interests, and creating a reference resource that will help school administrators and teachers access one another’s personal interests in order to enrich their curricula. The researcher created two surveys. The first was a simple questionnaire focusing on teachers’ resource/curriculum needs. Out of 225 teachers, 75 completed and returned the first questionnaire. This data was used to create a more detailed second questionnaire, which attempted ...


Survey Of Existing And Proposed Methods Of Teacher Recruitment And Selection And Their Effect On The Current Teacher Shortage, David E. Day Jun 1958

Survey Of Existing And Proposed Methods Of Teacher Recruitment And Selection And Their Effect On The Current Teacher Shortage, David E. Day

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper discusses the importance of education in modern society and explores the post-WWII factors negatively affecting teacher recruitment. The author analyzes teacher recruitment and retention methods through interviews and surveys. Results indicate that pay, coupled society’s negative attitudes toward teaching, prevent qualified young people from seeing teaching as a legitimate, desirable profession. The author draws particular attention to schools’ inconsistent attitudes towards recruitment strategies and the teacher selection process. The author presents several possible methods for teacher selection, including soliciting group/staff input and establishing a hiring committee.


The Administration Of Supervision Practices And Teacher Reaction To Them, Robert De Masi May 1958

The Administration Of Supervision Practices And Teacher Reaction To Them, Robert De Masi

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In this study, the author explores the supervisory approaches of a school’s administrators to determine whether hybridized approaches may increase managerial effectiveness. The author begins by separating administrator’s approaches into three general categories: the democratic approach, the dictatorial approach, and the laissez faire approach. He then uses survey methods to explore teachers’ perceptions of their supervisors’ use of these approaches. The author presents his subjects with thirteen scenarios describing various supervisory methods and asks them to generally respond or choose to leave their answer blank. The author found that his subjects strongly preferred democratic supervisory methods to the ...


Teacher Recruitment, Carol M. Collins Apr 1958

Teacher Recruitment, Carol M. Collins

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigates the historical and contemporary factors contributing to a teacher shortage. The researcher surveyed 150 administrators from city, village, and supervisory district schools in New York State. Despite many inconsistent/incomplete responses, the researcher was able to determine that high teacher turnover was related, in part, to gender and location factors. Female teachers left the profession in higher numbers than male teachers for family reasons, while teachers of both genders left to find better paying employment in industry. The researcher reports administrators’ proposed solutions for dealing with the teacher shortage, including: higher salaries, recruiting young people to the ...


A Consideration Of Problems Involved In Instituting A Foreign Language Program In An Elementary School System, Joan Mans Apr 1958

A Consideration Of Problems Involved In Instituting A Foreign Language Program In An Elementary School System, Joan Mans

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this paper is to consider some of the most common problems which arise in establishing and carrying through a language program in the elementary school, and to enumerate the solutions to them as found by the various language experts and school systems. The following questions are considered:

  1. At what age in a child’s development is it most desirable to begin foreign language instruction?
  2. Does the acquisition of a second language interfere with the child’s progress in English?
  3. How can a foreign language program get started in a system?
  4. Who should receive foreign language training?
  5. Which ...


A Statistical Analysis Of Certain Data Of Performance Achieved By Brockport State Teachers College Freshmen, 1949-57, Sigmund A. Smith Feb 1958

A Statistical Analysis Of Certain Data Of Performance Achieved By Brockport State Teachers College Freshmen, 1949-57, Sigmund A. Smith

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis project examines statistical data for incoming Brockport State Teachers College students from 1949-1957, including college entrance exam scores as well as other required testing. The researcher completed this project in an effort to organize and understand trends regarding incoming students and their academic performance during the first year of study. The study assists and advises admissions and curricula committees regarding the student population. It also examines the results of both the American Council on Education Psychological Examination and the Cooperative English Examination (Part 1, Reading Comprehension). The study group’s statistical information included any Brockport freshmen, 1949-1957, who ...