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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Effects Of Past Experiences On The Vocabulary Use And Sentence Structure Of A Two-Year-Old, Maureen Krencik Jun 2012

The Effects Of Past Experiences On The Vocabulary Use And Sentence Structure Of A Two-Year-Old, Maureen Krencik

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Literacy acquisition does not begin with the onset of formal instruction in schools. Exposure to all aspects of literacy (reading, writing, speaking, listening, and language) in the home literacy environment before school-age can significantly impact an emergent learner's foundation of literacy. The purpose of this study was to examine how one emergent learner's language related to past experiences changed over time. This six-week naturalistic empirical action research study investigated the following research question: How do past experiences affect vocabulary use and sentence structure of a two-year-old? Throughout the study, naturally occurring data were collected every time the participant ...


Interactive Whiteboards: Implications For K-2 Literacy Instruction, Jessica L. Flood Aug 2009

Interactive Whiteboards: Implications For K-2 Literacy Instruction, Jessica L. Flood

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of my study was to describe the implications whiteboards have on literacy instruction in K-2 literacy environments through examining the following questions.

  • How do interactive whiteboards support the literacy development of K-2 students?
  • What strategies do teachers use with interactive whiteboards during literacy lessons?
  • What are the perceptions of teachers' and students' regarding interactive whiteboards during literacy lessons in K-2 classrooms?


Strategies For Teaching Literacy, Susan Michelle Wolbert Jul 2009

Strategies For Teaching Literacy, Susan Michelle Wolbert

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

How do students learn to read and spell? How do they best construct meaning from literacy lessons? This study discusses a balanced approach to literacy education examining the use of phonetic and whole-language approaches to instruction. The author examines the benefits of teaching reading and spelling using each approach separately, and then in a balance of methodologies for student success. Differentiation and constructivism, defined as the way a teacher flexibly implements instruction based on student need and progress, along with student learning through experience to make meaning from information presented, as partners in the suggested balanced literacy approach. Word study ...


Effective Approaches For Teaching Revision, Jerome James O'Neill Aug 2008

Effective Approaches For Teaching Revision, Jerome James O'Neill

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Beyond the grammatical slip, punctuation error, or misspelled word, revision is a fundamental skill that resides at the very heart of the writing and thinking process. This thesis project highlights concerns over students’ and teachers’ similar disdain for the revision process in composition. It suggests the overarching importance of this benchmark skill in all disciplines as a means to deepen consideration of issues and ideas. The concept of revision as more than correction--as a re-seeing and re-thinking--can enable students to be better prepared for further academic pursuits and extends from the classroom to life and vocation. The comprehensive literature review ...


The Effect Of Reading And Social Studies Integration On Content Knowledge And Vocabulary, Jessica P. Schultz Apr 2003

The Effect Of Reading And Social Studies Integration On Content Knowledge And Vocabulary, Jessica P. Schultz

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if the integration of reading in the content area would improve students' vocabulary and content knowledge test scores. The belief of content area literacy is that students learn with text, not from them. An interaction with text provides opportunities for students to enhance their own mental models of the material. This research report reveals the positive effects of teaching reading skills in all curricular areas, and it emphasizes the benefits of immersing students with literature in science, social studies and math, as well as language arts. The researcher compared two fifth grade ...


Effects Of Interactive Writing On Student Writing Achievement In A Primary Classroom, Sheila M. Marconi May 2002

Effects Of Interactive Writing On Student Writing Achievement In A Primary Classroom, Sheila M. Marconi

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study looked at the effective of the interactive writing technique on primary teachers and their students over a six-month period. The study consisted of three, urban, first grade teachers and eighteen students. Teachers used a self-assessment rubric to rate themselves at the start and close of the study on how well they utilized the technique in the classroom. Teachers were also interviewed at the close of the study to determine if there were benefits or drawbacks associated with using the technique. Students were selected for the study by their performance on an emergent literacy survey. Two writing samples were ...


Deaf Students’ Metacognitive Awareness Of The Reading Process And The Characteristics They Feel Are Inherent In Proficient Readers, Suzanne R. Shafer Sep 1996

Deaf Students’ Metacognitive Awareness Of The Reading Process And The Characteristics They Feel Are Inherent In Proficient Readers, Suzanne R. Shafer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was conducted to gain insight into deaf students' awareness of the skills and strategies they utilize during the reading process and those they feel are inherent in proficient readers. The subjects involved in this study included fourteen tenth-grade and thirteen fourth-grade deaf students taking Language Arts/English classes from various residential and nonresidential school districts in Monroe County. The students were given the Index of Reading Awareness (IRA) developed by Jacobs and Paris (1987) in the form of a questionnaire. The questionnaires were completed independently or with the help of an interpreter or teacher of the deaf to ...


Reading As Prewriting: The Effect Of The Use Of Literature On Writing, Audrey Armani May 1994

Reading As Prewriting: The Effect Of The Use Of Literature On Writing, Audrey Armani

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of the use of literature on the quality of students' writing.


A Comparison Of The Perception Which Third-Grade Students And Sixth-Grade Students Have Of Themselves As Writers, Annette R. Shafer Apr 1991

A Comparison Of The Perception Which Third-Grade Students And Sixth-Grade Students Have Of Themselves As Writers, Annette R. Shafer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Children learn to write at an early age, however, many children do not enjoy writing as an activity. This masters’ thesis investigates students’ opinions about writing, and compares the opinions of elementary students to those of middle school students. The author surveyed seventy-nine students from two 3rd grade classrooms and two 6th grade classrooms in western New York. The survey consisted of seventeen questions about how students felt about writing in the classroom. These surveys were then collected and sorted into three categories: positive, ambivalent, and negative. The researcher found that about 64% of 3rd grade students had ...


Art And Literacy : A Study Of Young Children's Art In The Development Of Their Literacy, Bonnie R. Perkins May 1989

Art And Literacy : A Study Of Young Children's Art In The Development Of Their Literacy, Bonnie R. Perkins

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to examine young children's art in the development of their literacy. Twenty children, involved in a literature-based art program, were observed and interviewed after the completion of various literacy episodes involving their art work. The children's art work was classified and described according to the characteristics of the literacy episodes and the samples that were produced. The responses to the interview questions were " descriptively analyzed. The results of this study indicate a strong interaction of reading, writing, listening, speaking, and children's art work in their literacy development. Children like to draw at home ...


Creativity In The Journal Writings Of Academically Able Students, Eileen J. Wuethrich Aug 1987

Creativity In The Journal Writings Of Academically Able Students, Eileen J. Wuethrich

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of certain creativity components in the cumulative writing samples of academically able students. Twenty-four fourth and fifth grade students who had written over either one or-two year time-spans participated in the study.

Use of a researcher-designed instrument determined individual use and development, as well as illustrating group tendencies, in employing these components in their writing samples.

Analysis revealed that generally, students in this program did not consistently demonstrate an increased use of fluency, flexibility and originality. Also students who had written over a two-year span demonstrated little observable growth in ...


Impact Of The Impressions Program And Whole Language On Third Graders In The Hilton Central School District, Virginia W. Maier Aug 1987

Impact Of The Impressions Program And Whole Language On Third Graders In The Hilton Central School District, Virginia W. Maier

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this thesis is to determine if there is any statistically significant advantage manifested as a result of the use of the Impressions program. This will be determined by an analysis of test scores achieved by the third grade students on the PEP test administered to all third graders during May, 1987.

Data was collected for each group to establish equivalence by comparing SAT test scores from the end of second grade, administered in May of 1986. These scores will then be compared to test scores from the PEP test administered at the end of third grade in ...


Instructional Units For The Teaching Of Composition In The Eighth Grade, Harvey Rodger May 1962

Instructional Units For The Teaching Of Composition In The Eighth Grade, Harvey Rodger

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Teachers enhance their students’ learning when they relate classroom activities to students’ interests and lives. In this paper, the author presents a series of instructional units to teach composition to eighth graders in a rural New York public school. Units focus on student engagement and cover the following diverse topics: “Families and Friends”, “Patriotism for Our Country”, “The Civil War”, “Observing Animal Life”, and “The Westward Movement”. Each unit includes a suggested reading list, as well as accompanying lessons that focus on various aspects of context, syntax/construction/grammar, narration, and editing techniques.