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Education and Human Development Master's Theses

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Thematic Thinking And Multimodal Texts In Ela Classrooms: Structuring Curriculum Around Theme To Encourage Student Choice And Voice, Katia Nasra Mar 2021

Thematic Thinking And Multimodal Texts In Ela Classrooms: Structuring Curriculum Around Theme To Encourage Student Choice And Voice, Katia Nasra

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This article outlines the benefits of structuring curriculum around thematic questions. Themes are created from universally recognized lessons of humanity. Offering students the chance to interact with content in a way that relates to their identity allows them to connect with their content in a more authentic way. This, in turn, creates space in the classroom for students to introduce their own texts and writing styles as a means enhancing their learning experience.


Combating Banned Books And Censorship In The English Classroom, Jenna Lee Caskinett Dec 2020

Combating Banned Books And Censorship In The English Classroom, Jenna Lee Caskinett

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Censorship is a societal struggle that treads into all aspects of life and the classroom is no exception. Real-world, lesson teaching novels of all genres and types are being banned and challenged across the country, simply for containing (what is deemed to be) “inappropriate topics”—including sexuality, gender, violence, mental health, religion, and racism. Even if novels have been shown to be educational on the topics, they are still removed from the hands of youth in order to shield and protect them from the subject.

“Banned Books” have a wide array of effects on students in the classroom. Student learning ...


Considering Contemporary: Finding Purpose For Canonical Works In The Modern Classroom, Logan Sheils Dec 2020

Considering Contemporary: Finding Purpose For Canonical Works In The Modern Classroom, Logan Sheils

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

There has been a longstanding debate on whether or not the canon should continue to deserve a place in the modern inclusive classroom. One side will argue that the canon contains meaningful lessons and content that influenced writings today, so it should still be thoughtfully taught, whereas other sides will argue that the canon is an overused crutch that teachers lean on instead of trying to find more modern, diverse texts. Considering both sides of the argument, there is a way to blend the canon and the contemporary in the modern day classroom without putting so much value on the ...


Aces And Trauma-Informed Teaching In The English Classroom, Shannon L. Herr Dec 2020

Aces And Trauma-Informed Teaching In The English Classroom, Shannon L. Herr

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) plague our population. When people experience trauma through ACEs, they tend to cope through their trauma negatively. Many of these negative coping mechanisms tend to include risky behaviors which can lead to detrimental health issues in later adulthood. English teachers have the ability to educate students on ACEs by using Critical Literacy Pedagogy and Trauma-Informed Teaching. Students can analyze characters in novels and use ACEs as a lens to understand what the characters are experiencing. Teachers can help students make connections between informational articles and the text to help understand ACEs and healthy ways to cope ...


Creating Affirming Spaces For Lgbtq Youth: An Ela Based Approach, Kaitlyn Mary Evans Dec 2020

Creating Affirming Spaces For Lgbtq Youth: An Ela Based Approach, Kaitlyn Mary Evans

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

LGBTQ students throughout the country attend schools that are not affirming or safe spaces for them. Many LGBTQ students face harassment, bullying, and general mistreatment within their school communities. Peers, educators, and school personnel often cause detrimental emotional, psychological, and physical harm to LGBTQ students. Legislation surrounding LGBTQ rights - in schools and in general - is vague, exclusionary, or even non-existent. When LGBTQ students do not feel safe and secure in their school communities, the opportunity for learning and growth is minimal. Students need spaces where they feel respected, represented, and understood. Through the introduction of GSAs, a curriculum that shows ...


Examining The Use Of Technology And Non-Traditional Texts In The Contemporary Ela Classroom, Oona Jeanne Atwater Dec 2020

Examining The Use Of Technology And Non-Traditional Texts In The Contemporary Ela Classroom, Oona Jeanne Atwater

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Abstract

In today’s educational climate, it is more prevalent than ever to take into consideration the texts and mediums that we include in our ELA curriculums and also how we utilize technology to transform student learning. The use of multimodal and non-traditional texts in classrooms has been widely controversial among ELA educators and legislators. The value of these texts, whether they be in the form of video or film, graphic narratives, podcasts, tweets, memes, infographics, etc., is being evaluated against the common core and state standards, and what skills students in the ELA classroom should be learning. This paper ...


Incorporating Socio-Scientific Issues Into The 5e Model For Learning: Engaging Students In Science Through Emotional Connection, Kinesthetic Movement And Real World Phenomenon., Alexis Lodico Dec 2020

Incorporating Socio-Scientific Issues Into The 5e Model For Learning: Engaging Students In Science Through Emotional Connection, Kinesthetic Movement And Real World Phenomenon., Alexis Lodico

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This article presents an argument for the use of socio-scientific issues in the science classroom as a was to make real world connections and engage students in content. This article can work like an active work book for teachers to use as a reference for lesson plans for each of the NYS science standards. Following are 24 activities, one for each of the 24 Next Generation Science Standards as well as supporting research and theories. Each activity introduces students to a socio-scientific issue and acts as an engaging activity to fit with in the 5E model for science learning. Any ...


Critical Literacy In Literature Instruction: Canonical Vs. Young Adult Literature, Julia Kesel Dec 2020

Critical Literacy In Literature Instruction: Canonical Vs. Young Adult Literature, Julia Kesel

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Student populations are increasing in all forms of diversity: race, ethnicity, religion, socio-economics, gender, sexuality, ability, and more. They are becoming increasingly heterogenous. However, ELA literature curriculums remain largely homogenous. This is due to the fact that ELA classrooms typically teach from the traditional literary canon and text exemplars that contain mainly white, male, heterosexual, Christian, and physically- and mentally-abled authors and narratives. To counter the dominant narrative, educators can and should adapt a pedagogical approach to contemporary literature instruction that promotes critical literacy with paired canonical and young adult literature text sets and essential questions.


The Importance Of Student Choice, And Culturally Responsive Pedagogy, Fowzia F. Shaham Dec 2020

The Importance Of Student Choice, And Culturally Responsive Pedagogy, Fowzia F. Shaham

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

There are many problems that our education system has. The most complained about is lack of student choice and understanding who your students are on a different level. Educators tend to forget that our role is not just based on teaching kids’ information from a text, but we are exemplifying how an adult should interact with others. By getting to know our students, we are teaching them how to express themselves and communicate. And by giving our students choice, we are allowing them to feel as important as they truly are, and we are showing them that we respect and ...


A Phenomenology Of Homeschoolers’ Parents’ Experiences Of Teaching Mathematics, Melissa Wenzel Dec 2020

A Phenomenology Of Homeschoolers’ Parents’ Experiences Of Teaching Mathematics, Melissa Wenzel

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The objective of this thesis study is to learn and understand more about a topic that is not very familiar to many people. This study will develop a greater understanding of the phenomenon of homeschooling to better understand the experiences of parents who home school. Methods of inquiry include a phenomenological reflection on data compiled from interviews of parents who home school their children, in the Western NY area. There were thirteen participants included in this study total. This inquiry is important because it adds to the body of knowledge in secondary mathematics education. Homeschooling is another method of education ...


Mathematical Modeling: Helping Middle School Students With Disabilities Understand Functions, Amanda Bartolotta Dec 2020

Mathematical Modeling: Helping Middle School Students With Disabilities Understand Functions, Amanda Bartolotta

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum project focuses modeling activities for eighth grade students to support the learning of functions. Built upon best practices in modeling, this curriculum challenges students to think about, and apply, mathematical concepts needed to model a viral TikTok video. Student’s interest in their video increases their motivation to learn functions. The curriculum is scaffolded to support understanding of difficult concepts for students with disabilities.


Improving Abstract Reasoning Skills Using The Integration Of Proof Within A Historical Context, Kaitlynn Lane Dec 2020

Improving Abstract Reasoning Skills Using The Integration Of Proof Within A Historical Context, Kaitlynn Lane

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This Curriculum Project presents a collection of lessons designed to incorporate the history of mathematics and proof in the New York State Next Generation Algebra 1 Standards with the goal of providing teachers with an alternative instructional approach to teaching Algebra 1. The lessons were constructed to assist Algebra 1 teachers in engineering lessons that develop mathematical concepts within their historical context, that is, how concepts were discovered, proven, and used throughout the course of history. Proof is an essential part of mathematics, especially as students reach higher level mathematics. Since proof and abstract reasoning are interconnected, and abstract reasoning ...


Using Mathematical Discourse To Connect Exponents To Logarithms With Partner Activities, Bethanie Fink Dec 2020

Using Mathematical Discourse To Connect Exponents To Logarithms With Partner Activities, Bethanie Fink

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum project provides coherence in topics from 7th grade mathematics through Algebra II and was designed to support teachers as they scaffold logarithmic function connections. The project activities were designed to support mathematical discourse so students have the opportunity to practice topics previously taught and verbalize understandings. With the emphasis on mathematical discourse, it is expected that students will build better conceptualizations of logarithms and their connections across the curriculum.


A Unit On Simultaneous Equations Designed To Limit Math Anxiety And Increase Interest For All Learners, Lisa Iaccarino Dec 2020

A Unit On Simultaneous Equations Designed To Limit Math Anxiety And Increase Interest For All Learners, Lisa Iaccarino

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum project was designed around growth mindset principles and implementing project-based learning geared towards decreasing anxiety that is typically associated with learning mathematics. The content focus is Algebra 1 Systems of Equations. The curriculum is aimed toward students who learn most efficiently in non-traditional ways. The curriculum incorporates collaborative learning and mathematical literacy to support students as they analyze and create simultaneous equations based on real world situations. Teachers can use this curriculum to allow students to showcase their understanding of simultaneous equations through a project-based assessment at the end of the unit.


Using Desmos To Support Conceptual Understanding Of Quadratic Equations And Their Graphs, Shannon Bromley Dec 2020

Using Desmos To Support Conceptual Understanding Of Quadratic Equations And Their Graphs, Shannon Bromley

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

When teaching secondary mathematics, there is often a struggle to distinguish true understanding versus the ability to follow a memorized procedure. This commonly occurs in Algebra I content of solving and graphing quadratic equations. Engaging students in Desmos interactive graphing learning activities has been shown to help deepen students’ understanding of such concepts. This curriculum project is designed to deepen students’ understanding and fluency of quadratic equations by including hands-on activities that support students discovering relationships and patterns between quadratic equations and their corresponding graphs. The unit plan aligns to the New York State Common Core State Standards.


Equasher: The Educational App Designed To Support The Concept Of Equality In Equation Solving, Kyle Ingalls Dec 2020

Equasher: The Educational App Designed To Support The Concept Of Equality In Equation Solving, Kyle Ingalls

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Equation solving is an essential skill that gains complexity as students progress through secondary mathematics. Many students struggle to learn the basic principles of solving equations. Others have difficulties working with specific types of expressions and equations. Equasher, an interactive application that provides real-time feedback to support problem solving, was created to address these challenges. Equasher is a fully functional calculator for solving equations designed to foster conceptual understanding and problem-solving skills. Equasher aims to reduce the user’s cognitive load and eliminate errors in algebraic manipulation so that the user can develop feasible equation solving strategies. Secondary mathematics teachers ...


Using Culturally Responsive Pedagogy To Promote Engagement And Learning Of Addition And Subtraction Of Integers In Middle School Mathematics, Emily Holcomb Dec 2020

Using Culturally Responsive Pedagogy To Promote Engagement And Learning Of Addition And Subtraction Of Integers In Middle School Mathematics, Emily Holcomb

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The culture in which a student lives impacts the way they learn. It is important for mathematics teachers to be knowledgeable about students and their cultures to properly engage them in learning. Every classroom has a diverse set of learners that can benefit from the proper implementation of Culturally Responsive Pedagogy (CRP). Instructional tools that can develop and support CRP are Inquiry Based Learning, Authentic Questions, Modeling, and Hands-on Activities. This curriculum project presents these instructional tools designed around a 7th grade Integers unit to engage learners and develop a deeper understanding of the concepts.


Graphing Quadratics: An Inquiry Based Lesson To Support Ell Honors Students In Middle School Algebra, Maggie Hale Dec 2020

Graphing Quadratics: An Inquiry Based Lesson To Support Ell Honors Students In Middle School Algebra, Maggie Hale

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Inquiry Based Learning (IBL) is a method of teaching by posing questions, problems and scenarios to help students learn through their own agency and investigation rather than direct instruction from the teacher. Many students today lack the ability to build arguments, defend their reasoning, and justify their thinking. Since the adoption of the Common Core State Standards there has been a push for students to have a deeper understanding of the mathematical concepts they are being taught. One key factor of mathematical understanding is the ability to justify why a particular mathematical statement is true or where a mathematical rule ...


Science In The Garden: A Personal Journey Of National Science Foundation Grant For The Construction And Use Of A Greenhouse And Related Facilities, Mikayla Fowler Dec 2020

Science In The Garden: A Personal Journey Of National Science Foundation Grant For The Construction And Use Of A Greenhouse And Related Facilities, Mikayla Fowler

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

While the vast majority of the work involved in this capstone project was actually writing and submitting a national science foundation grant, the project that follows is a description of this process. The genesis of the work began as an idea a coworker of mine had. As a district, Franklin is highly limited in the resources available. Our science classrooms are out of date with technology and there is a disparaging need for more hands-on activities. Throughout our discussions, we dreamed that we could build an outdoor science lab and greenhouse; Somewhere where we would be able to give our ...


Effective Use Of Phet Simulations In Middle School Science Classrooms, Spencer Byrne Dec 2020

Effective Use Of Phet Simulations In Middle School Science Classrooms, Spencer Byrne

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As educators, it is important to take advantage of various methods of instruction to better reach students of diverse backgrounds and inspire the next generation of STEM learners. Recently, there has been an increase in demand for high quality virtual lessons for students around the globe. The effective use of PHET simulations in science classrooms has drawn the attention of many educators looking to take advantage of the many benefits these simulations offer. Implicit scaffolding built into PHET simulations guide student discovery in an appealing and engaging fashion. These student centered lessons encourage creativity, discovery, and discourse among learners across ...


Teaching Ecology In The Nys North Country To Promote Environmental Appreciation And Foster More Scientifically Literate Citizens, Jeffrey Blackburn Dec 2020

Teaching Ecology In The Nys North Country To Promote Environmental Appreciation And Foster More Scientifically Literate Citizens, Jeffrey Blackburn

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis includes the research, rationale and implementation of refutation texts, field trips, and concept mapping as core teaching methodologies in the development of a complete introductory ecology curriculum for high school level students. The goal of which is to promote reading comprehension and scientific literacy, and facilitate greater environmental appreciation and positive ecological behaviors in students to help them become more environmentally aware and scientifically educated members of society.


Claim, Evidence, Reasoning Framework Within Biology Laboratories On Scientific Literacy And Argumentation, Taylor Leroy Dec 2020

Claim, Evidence, Reasoning Framework Within Biology Laboratories On Scientific Literacy And Argumentation, Taylor Leroy

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As science education has progressed over the last several decades, there has been a shift towards inquiry, scientific argumentation, and laboratory skill development. Students today are being taught, not only how to understand scientific concepts, but how to apply them to their own questions and ideas. Scientific reasoning is the act of deriving meaning and importance from evidence or a set of data. This allows students to solve problems using their own thinking and to answer their own questions as well as questions posed to them. Students are better able to understand concepts within the broader context of the scientific ...


Culturally Relevant Pedagogy: Teaching Toward Student Interest In An Algebra Classroom, Dillon Monday Dec 2020

Culturally Relevant Pedagogy: Teaching Toward Student Interest In An Algebra Classroom, Dillon Monday

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Teachers utilize countless strategies in hopes of their learners becoming connected with the material. Unfortunately, said strategies may or may not be effective, depending on how they are approached and how the students react. Culturally Relevant Pedagogy is a strategy that is becoming more popular by educators. This curriculum project presents three examples that align with Cultural Relevant Pedagogy based upon students’ interests, hobbies and cultural upbringings. The curriculum provided explores opportunities to successfully practice Culturally Relevant Pedagogy through color-conscious disposition, informed variation and holding students to high expectations regardless of diversities.


Implementing Universal Design For Learning In A Unit On Arithmetic Sequences, Aleni Lemen Dec 2020

Implementing Universal Design For Learning In A Unit On Arithmetic Sequences, Aleni Lemen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum project was designed to support teachers in the integration of the Universal Design for Learning (UDL) way of thinking into the Common Core Algebra Curriculum. The specific content involves arithmetic sequences and the UDL principles align with multiple means of action and expression. It was created by a mathematics teacher who has substantial experience supporting special education students in the mathematics classroom. UDL can play a critical role in students’ learning and understanding of mathematical content. The diversity of learners in the mathematics classroom calls for removing barriers to learning and providing equal opportunities for all students’ success ...


English And Literacy Integration In Career And Technical Education (Cte), Chelsea A. Caswell Oct 2020

English And Literacy Integration In Career And Technical Education (Cte), Chelsea A. Caswell

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

With the rise of enrollment in Career and Technical Education programs, the demand for English and literacy has increased. English and literacy integration in programs are vastly different from the traditional English classes that students receive at their home schools/districts. The purpose of integration in a Career and Technical Education (CTE) program allows the material to stay relevant to the students’ area of study. The goal is to help students become ready to enter the workforce or attend a post-secondary college or program by being better readers, writers, and communicators within their field of choice. Integration of any academic ...


Stem For Students With Blindness And Visual Impairments: Tenets Of An Inclusive Classroom, Alexa Wandy Oct 2020

Stem For Students With Blindness And Visual Impairments: Tenets Of An Inclusive Classroom, Alexa Wandy

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology (STEM) classes are highly visual in nature, which can be a barrier for students with blindness and visual impairments (BVI). Providing teachers and educators with a resource of technologies and adaptions that utilize various senses can assist in creating a more inclusive classroom environment. A multisensory approach to STEM education can improve the academic success for all students, regardless of ability. In addition, allowing students with BVI the opportunity to actively participate in STEM activities, concepts, and experiments can increase engagement and promote the continuation to higher education in the field.


How To Create And Sustain Effective Two-Way Bilingual Programs, Thalia Nunez Aug 2020

How To Create And Sustain Effective Two-Way Bilingual Programs, Thalia Nunez

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Over the last few decades, the population of English language learners (ELL) students in the United States of America has increased immensely, which has caused problems in their academic success Many factors contributed to the problem, including unequal educational opportunities. Studies have shown that ELL students do not have access to the same educational opportunities compared to non-ELL students (Linville,2017). There is a large gap in academic achievement between ELL and non-ELL students in the United States (Campbell, Hespe & Martz, 2016). To address such a problem school districts have looked towards implementing bilingual and TESOL programs within their schools ...


Building Success In Geometry Through Culture, Language, And Identity, Kevin Murphy Aug 2020

Building Success In Geometry Through Culture, Language, And Identity, Kevin Murphy

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Culturally relevant pedagogy is a great concept, but to make it a reality for your students you have to create a climate in your classroom that let’s students know that their humanity is valued just as much as their academic ability. The inability of students to see themselves in the curriculum leads to low student engagement. Lower levels of student engagement have demonstrated a correlation with living in poverty. Mathematics achievement scores for the historically underserved populations often found in urban school settings - African American, Latinx, Native American, and poor students shows that they continue to be underserved by ...


How Can Teachers Support The Social-Emotional Well Being Of Elementary Age Ells To Ensure Academic Success?, Michelle Lupoli Aug 2020

How Can Teachers Support The Social-Emotional Well Being Of Elementary Age Ells To Ensure Academic Success?, Michelle Lupoli

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this capstone project is to explore the relations between social-emotional well-being and academic success. The question being answered is, how can schools and teachers help the social-emotional academic success in elementary aged ELLs? This PD answers, if there are relations between social- emotional well-being and academic success, the extent of the relationship, and what administrators and teachers can do to assist the student in making improvement socially, emotionally, and academically. Teachers have a hard time communicating with ELLs, providing modifications, and having the time to teach the material. ELLs struggle when communicating with teachers and peers, motivation ...


Culture Shock And Its Effect On English Language Learners, Lauren Brown Aug 2020

Culture Shock And Its Effect On English Language Learners, Lauren Brown

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

When English language learners (ELLs) move from one country to another, their social, emotional, and psychological well-being is affected in school. Culture shock impedes ELLs’ academic abilities. This problem emerges from the growing number of ELLs in our country today. This number will continue to grow which should motivate teachers to become more informed on the problems that our ELLs face. The literature suggests that there are four phases of culture shock; teachers must advocate for ELLs; and it is imperative for ELLs to keep their identity in school while learning about the new culture. The PD aims to educate ...