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Education and Human Development Master's Theses

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Implementing Comprehensible Input In The World Language Classroom, Anna Disabatino May 2019

Implementing Comprehensible Input In The World Language Classroom, Anna Disabatino

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Using Comprehensible Input (CI) strategies to accomplish Second Language Acquisition (SLA) as defined by Krashen (1982) is gaining traction throughout World Language classrooms. By providing input to students that is comprehensible, yet slightly challenging, they can be introduced to new grammar and linguistic concepts that will enhance the acquisition process. However, teachers must use a variety of CI strategies in the classroom in order to be most successful. The CI strategies must also be tailored to the level that is taught; CI strategies should look different in a classroom of students at the novice level than they do in a ...


A Focus On Scientific Inquiry In Cte Through A Green Space, Emily Anderson Dec 2018

A Focus On Scientific Inquiry In Cte Through A Green Space, Emily Anderson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Science education trends state that students and teachers should work to promote learning by making science relevant and meaningful. With a changing world, the way science is taught and learned needs to change too. There is an increasing push for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) awareness and the engineering design process. Integrated science education in Career and Technical Education (CTE) is a trend and area of teaching that is needed and looked at as a way to make science more relevant and meaningful. Teachers are expected to engage students in meaningful and purposeful instruction that provided students with inquiry ...


Teaching Science Through Multimedia: Transitioning From A Technology-Centered Approach To A Learner-Centered Approach, Daniel Roberti Dec 2018

Teaching Science Through Multimedia: Transitioning From A Technology-Centered Approach To A Learner-Centered Approach, Daniel Roberti

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

An increase in the amount of educational multimedia content found on the internet has made it easier for teachers to flip their classrooms and have students learn through video as opposed to traditional lecture. However, two primary concerns exist with this method: (1) learning through video can be too passive as students are just expected to absorb the material and (2) there is usually no way to ensure students are viewing the multimedia assigned for them to watch. This project addresses each of these concerns and proposes solutions. Criteria are also identified within the literature to establish what characterizes a ...


Rethinking Metacognitive Intervention: A Scaffolded Exam Wrapper Strategy, Aaron Ridall Dec 2018

Rethinking Metacognitive Intervention: A Scaffolded Exam Wrapper Strategy, Aaron Ridall

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Students lack the behaviors and strategies that support success in postsecondary environments, which has led one-third of all college students to enroll in remedial courses (Bowen, Chingos, & McPherson, 2009). One particular executive function that low-achieving students are often without is metacognition, or thinking about thinking. Traditional models of education in the United States do not teach students how to analyze their performance even though metacognition is linked to improved academic performance (Young & Fry, 2008). This work presents a scaffolded metacognitive strategy to help low-achieving students improve their metacognitive skillfulness and examination performance.


Using Haptic Virtual Reality To Increase Learning Gains And Construct Knowledge Of Unobservable Phenomena, Devin Hagendorn Dec 2018

Using Haptic Virtual Reality To Increase Learning Gains And Construct Knowledge Of Unobservable Phenomena, Devin Hagendorn

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This project is designed to be a compilation of ten haptic virtual reality labs using the software zSpace. The labs will follow the NYS Living Environment Standards as well as the Next Generation Science Standards for living environment as well as physical/general science topics for middle school students. The project will be a list of available laboratories along with their appropriate fit into the curriculum and a description of how they fit New York State curriculum standards for the appropriate discipline. The goal of these laboratory assignments is to increase learning gains in students by allowing them to experience ...


The Importance Of Developing Classroom Community, Heather Geller Nov 2018

The Importance Of Developing Classroom Community, Heather Geller

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Secondary education students spend approximately 135 hours in one classroom per school year, sitting amongst the same twenty or thirty peers and staring at the same teacher. Whether they end up developing positively or negatively, the classroom’s culture is very quickly and easily formed: The daily routines, student attitudes during work, and the strategies used to implement a well-managed classroom form with or without effort from teachers and students. However, what is much more demanding to create, though ultimately more meaningful and positively impactful on learning is a positive classroom community. When educators embed discussion-based strategies and collaborative, discussion-based ...


The Development And Integration Of Nearpod Materials Into A High School Biology Curriculum, Matthew Halloran Oct 2018

The Development And Integration Of Nearpod Materials Into A High School Biology Curriculum, Matthew Halloran

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Due to the previously outlined benefits of formative assessment, and the increasing ability of technology of aid in its implementation there are very few barriers to experimenting with new technology in the classroom. While the technology available to classroom teachers does not need to be incredibly high tech, it should be compatible with what students and teachers already have at their fingertips. Applications like Socrative are beneficial because they allow for a classroom teacher to use technology already in the classroom (mobile phones and laptops) and utilize them in the collection of formative assessment data (Coca & Slisko, 2013). Students are ...


Physics Curriculum Using Project Based Learning, Miranda Wharram-Santillo Oct 2018

Physics Curriculum Using Project Based Learning, Miranda Wharram-Santillo

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum is a series of projects making up a project based learning physics curriculum. Each project will consist of a scenario or experience the students have or could encounter at some point in their life. These scenarios and experiences will shape the flow of the curriculum as well as form the essential question to be answered at the end of each project. This curriculum will cover the same standards required of a traditional high school physics, just in a different way. Similar to curriculum created by Martinás and Tremmel, the students will learn concepts that apply to each of ...


The Inclusion Of Media Literacy In The English Curriculum, Nicole Manioci Aug 2018

The Inclusion Of Media Literacy In The English Curriculum, Nicole Manioci

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Today, the digital world is ever changing. Teenagers all over the world are hypnotized by their tech-savvy devices. Their free time is spent on their smartwatches, cell phones, computers, or in front of their televisions and video games. When they arrive at school, they are expected to have the devices stored away and not have contact at all during the time they are at school. These students have lost their desire and passion for learning. The students need to have new and engaging ways to learn in the classroom, especially in English. Students have become disinterested in the teacher’s ...


Culturally Responsive Teaching Practices For Educators Of Culturally And Linguistically Diverse Students, Tyler Jarosinski Jul 2018

Culturally Responsive Teaching Practices For Educators Of Culturally And Linguistically Diverse Students, Tyler Jarosinski

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Schools within the United States have grown tremendously over the last decade in cultural and linguistic diversity. Teachers have a responsibility to teach all students, regardless of their unique backgrounds or language abilities; however, English language learners and students of color are not receiving the same academic success as their White and English-dominant peers. Rochester City School District Regents exam data illustrates observable racial achievement disproportionality that suggests certain groups of students are not receiving an equitable education. To combat this disproportionality, a handbook and professional development plan was created for Rochester-area teachers at World of Inquiry School (WOIS) to ...


An Introduction To Implementing Technology In The Classroom Using Interactive Web-Based Applications, Matthew Rybak May 2018

An Introduction To Implementing Technology In The Classroom Using Interactive Web-Based Applications, Matthew Rybak

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Today’s students have grown up in a world where technology is an essential and accessible component of daily life, and it therefore plays an integral role in the modern classroom. Implementing technology into the traditional classroom can be an intimidating task; this curriculum project aims to aid educators in understanding the benefits of using technology, and to simplify its implementation. Desmos and Nearpod are used in this curriculum because they are excellent examples of two user-friendly and adaptable applets that facilitate technology-focused instruction. Each of the two units in this curriculum are designed to assist teachers who use a ...


A Project Based Learning Approach To Teaching Geometry In A 7th Grade Classroom, Jamie Bish May 2018

A Project Based Learning Approach To Teaching Geometry In A 7th Grade Classroom, Jamie Bish

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum project was created by a teacher for teachers, to present an example of how to use project based learning in a 7th grade mathematics curriculum while meeting the New York State Common Core Standards. More specifically, the project asks students to create a building plan that would fill a need in their community and present this plan to an interested group. The project focuses on a number of mathematical concepts including area, volume, ratios, and proportions.


A Focus On Mathematical Literacy To Increase Student Understanding And Performance, Rachel Alvarez May 2018

A Focus On Mathematical Literacy To Increase Student Understanding And Performance, Rachel Alvarez

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum project was designed to help promote mathematical literacy within applications of quadratic functions. The curriculum bridges literacy strategies with mathematical applications so that the two build upon each other in a lesson rather than being two separate entities. These materials are aligned with the Algebra I New York State Common Core Learning Standards.


Credit Card Interest Curriculum For Algebra 1 And Algebra 2, Agnieszka Wallace May 2018

Credit Card Interest Curriculum For Algebra 1 And Algebra 2, Agnieszka Wallace

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum project was designed to support teachers to implement credit card interest literacy into the Algebra 1 and Algebra 2 curriculum and was created by a second career teacher from the financial field. Financial mistakes made early in life can have serious implications and could be very costly. Studies show that less than one-third of young adults understand the concept of compound interest. This curriculum project includes compound interest algebra topics connected to financial applications of credit card interest.


Experiential Learning In The Middle School Living Environment Classroom, Andrea G. Heinlein May 2018

Experiential Learning In The Middle School Living Environment Classroom, Andrea G. Heinlein

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Experiential learning teaches students through concrete experiences, often occurring outdoors or outside of the classroom. (Scogin, Kruger, Jekkals, & Steinfeldt, 2017). Outdoor experiential learning provides higher level thinking opportunities as well as opportunities to build a range of non-cognitive skills such as cooperation, collaboration, independence and responsibility. Additionally, experiential learning is a key tool for creating interest in science and in connecting science contexts from the classroom to real world applications that students can experience firsthand (James & Williams, 2016). This project begins with a comprehensive literature review discussing different forms of experiential learning and benefits of this form of instruction as ...


Augmented Reality Technology Used To Enhance Informal Science Learning, Erin Reidy May 2018

Augmented Reality Technology Used To Enhance Informal Science Learning, Erin Reidy

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

With science advancements ever-changing and an increased use of multimedia to display information to the public, science literacy and critical thinking skills are important for the public to keep up to date. Students will need to know how to interpret science information they are faced with throughout their lives to make decisions and critique scientific arguments (Squire & Mingfong, 2007). Science education reform is becoming more focused on incorporating science practices with the use of tools and processes to enhance learning. An authentic learning experience can be described as experiencing real problems and consequences in context (Rosenbaum et al., 2007). Augmented ...


Alternative Assessments: Moving Learning Forward In A Geometry Classroom, Lindsey Hadzima May 2018

Alternative Assessments: Moving Learning Forward In A Geometry Classroom, Lindsey Hadzima

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This project was created by a teacher for teachers, providing alternative assessments for a geometry classroom. The assessments emphasize collaboration and group work as part of the assessment task. Topics include geometric proofs, geometric constructions, Pythagorean Theorem, trigonometry, polygons and polyhedra, volume and surface area. Recommendations for how and when to use each alternative assessment have been provided by the author. Additionally scoring rubrics have been provided. The alternative assessments are aligned to the Common Core State Standards, specifically geometry standards throughout secondary grade levels.


Breaking The Chains That Prevent Student Comprehension: Exhuming And Rectifying Common Chemistry Misconceptions Through Music, Anthony Raymond Dec 2017

Breaking The Chains That Prevent Student Comprehension: Exhuming And Rectifying Common Chemistry Misconceptions Through Music, Anthony Raymond

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Regardless of how students construct alternative conceptions (or misconceptions) within the subject of chemistry, they serve as significant barriers to scaffolding of proper knowledge. Just as any structure must be built upon a solid foundation, student knowledge must be constructed upon an underpinning of core facts and concepts. Unfortunately, when these facts and concepts are false due to some misunderstanding, proper scaffolding of knowledge ceases. Traditional methods, such as “conceptual change texts” and “computer animations” have been shown to be effective in fostering conceptual change in students. One area in which research is limited is in the use of music ...


Teaching And Learning About Diverse Cultures In Africa, Alyssa Owen Dec 2017

Teaching And Learning About Diverse Cultures In Africa, Alyssa Owen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative study examined how third grade teachers are teaching about diverse cultures in Africa, and how students in Upstate New York have learned about these diverse cultures. The study was conducted in two phases. Phase One included lesson activities taught to a classroom of fourth grade students. Phase Two included seven semi-structured interviews with teachers about their experiences teaching third grade social studies. Phase One activities comprised of students writing and discussing their understandings of African cultures during group discussions, engagement with hands-on activities, and a critical analysis of a children's book. Teachers in Phase Two explained their ...


Ignorance Isn't Strength: The Need For Secondary Education To Address Fake News, Joseph P. Larkin Dec 2017

Ignorance Isn't Strength: The Need For Secondary Education To Address Fake News, Joseph P. Larkin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The way people, and notably young people, are receiving information about the world has changed. Gone are the days of reading trusted print newspapers and in are the days of immediate accesses to information from a variety of sources shared virally through social media profiles and platforms. Students are living in a time period where the term “fake news” is continually mentioned throughout politics and mass media, yet their education rarely addresses these realistic concerns about how people are discovering and sharing information. Research has suggested the ways in which we believe students know how to use the internet due ...


Mindful And Positive Relationships As Foundational To Student Support, Luke Townsend Dec 2017

Mindful And Positive Relationships As Foundational To Student Support, Luke Townsend

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Modern public schools are in a crisis on two fronts; society is making more demands of the school system to teach students how to be more capable and marketable in an ever-changing digitalized global community while student enrollment with low social-emotional ability has increased meaning that students are less motivated to engage in their learning at the academic level. Low student motivation leads naturally to high student failure and an increased level of negative relationships with school staff and peers. In turn, these negative relationships limit the whole learning community through teacher burn-out and increased perception of the school as ...


A Global Mind Is A Nurtured Mind: The Demand To Consider And Cure The Deprivation Of Multicultural Education, Amber D'Ambrosia Dec 2017

A Global Mind Is A Nurtured Mind: The Demand To Consider And Cure The Deprivation Of Multicultural Education, Amber D'Ambrosia

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The leaders of tomorrow are the bright and knowledgeable students of today. The problem with how these students are being prepared for their role as future leaders stems from the lack of diversity in literature, and the overall lack of multicultural education in American public schools. The dominant narratives being published, circulated, and studied in schools do not appropriately reflect, nor appropriately engage the multifaceted population of students accessing the discourse. The United States must no longer be notorious for its belief in its own cultural and historical superiority, but instead should begin making strides toward evolving the educational experiences ...


The Implications Of A Quality Teacher Education Program Implementing A Multicultural Studies Curriculum: Combating The Old Diversity Paradigm Of The 21st Century Classroom, Yvonne Gibson Dec 2017

The Implications Of A Quality Teacher Education Program Implementing A Multicultural Studies Curriculum: Combating The Old Diversity Paradigm Of The 21st Century Classroom, Yvonne Gibson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Education in the United States looks different to many different people. In fact, it is taught differently, depending on a number of different factors. The same goes for the teacher education preparation programs. Each college or university, in each state, has its own curriculum, producing a variety of new to the field teachers. Diversity in this country is vast and it is steadily growing, as are the schools; however, the teachers who populate the field are not. Multiculturalism and bridging the gap with the diversity in the schools and the teachers has become a dilemma that needs addressing. How can ...


Inner Dialogue Reading Behaviors And Student Comprehension Of Texts, Antonio Madau Dec 2017

Inner Dialogue Reading Behaviors And Student Comprehension Of Texts, Antonio Madau

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study examines the use of inner dialogue reading behaviors by third grade students who achieve high scores on commercial reading assessments. The study looks at one class of third grade students in Western New York, and comparatively analyzes their self-reported use of reading behaviors in relation to their achieved scores on the Next Step in Guided Reading (GRA) commercial reading assessment. The researcher collected qualitative data from the participants using results from the administered GRA assessment, structured verbal interviews, and participants’ written responses in their weekly Independent Reading Logs. Conclusions for participants who scored highly on commercial reading assessments ...


Using Inquiry To Teach The Common Core State Standards: Two Exemplars, Rachel Bardun Dec 2017

Using Inquiry To Teach The Common Core State Standards: Two Exemplars, Rachel Bardun

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum project offers two inquiry-based lessons for secondary mathematics teachers. One lesson is a culminating scavenger hunt for systems of linear equations. This lesson incorporates five principles of instruction and four levels of inquiry: confirmation inquiry, structured inquiry, guided inquiry, and open inquiry. The second lesson is an interdisciplinary lesson that involves students modeling bacteria growth with mathematical equations (regressions). This lesson integrates five essential strategies of implementing the Common Core State Standards through inquiry. The author classifies this lesson as a guided inquiry activity. Both lessons are aligned to the Algebra I Common Core State Standards (CCSS), but ...


Video Games In Education, Matthew C. Heins Dec 2017

Video Games In Education, Matthew C. Heins

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this paper is to review relevant literature that explored the impact of video games within the field of education. Through a review of studies on video games in education, between 2000 and 2015, I aim to discuss that video games do have educational value in multiple content areas k-12, and educators have effectively implemented video games consistently through the same approaches. In addition, I discuss that there are existing limitations within schools due to educators and a lack of adequate technology available to support the implementation of video games into education. My analysis of the current literature ...


Personalized Learning, The New Look Of A Classroom In The Twenty-First Century, Nicole Lock Oct 2017

Personalized Learning, The New Look Of A Classroom In The Twenty-First Century, Nicole Lock

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The personalized learning approach is beneficial for all students in the twenty-first century because it consists of instruction in the form of technology, collaboration, and small group instruction. In addition to representing content in a variety of modalities the personalized learning approach also incorporates student choice in their learning.There are two personalized learning models present in this project. The first model is considered a three station rotation because students will visit a technology, collaboration, and small group instruction station during the lesson. The second model is called a flex model which still consists of technology, collaboration, and small group ...


Introductory Strategies For Evaluating Digital Technology Viability In Contemporary Classrooms, Brian Crawford Oct 2017

Introductory Strategies For Evaluating Digital Technology Viability In Contemporary Classrooms, Brian Crawford

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This project looks at relevant research and opinions regarding Educational Technology in the classroom. District, teacher, and student perspectives are all taken into account regarding the qualifications a digital instrument should possess in order to be considered appropriate for classroom implementation. The author, after looking at the effects and understandings of many current applications of Educational Technology, finishes the work by aggregating the concerns and providing multiple options for solutions for each. Additional research is suggested to examine familial and corporate effects of the current trends in addition to policies recommended as solutions.


Decreasing Math Anxiety Through Teaching Quadratic Equations, Kaitlyn Kaufman Aug 2017

Decreasing Math Anxiety Through Teaching Quadratic Equations, Kaitlyn Kaufman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Math anxiety is known as having a feeling of fear that interferes with math performance. Many students today suffer from math anxiety as they push through each developmental stage in their schooling. A majority of students develop math anxiety through traditional classroom methods, such as drill and practice, assessments, memorizing, and textbooks. According to research, teachers can help decrease math anxiety in students by incorporating specific teaching styles, methods, and strategies, related to decrease math anxiety, into lessons. These teaching styles, methods, and strategies include, but not limited to, constructivist teaching, concrete-to-representation-to-abstract model, student-centered learning, and interactive lessons. Based on ...


Teaching The Strand Of Ccss Slope Through Metacognition In Middle School, High School, And Advanced Placement Mathematics, Sara Snarr Aug 2017

Teaching The Strand Of Ccss Slope Through Metacognition In Middle School, High School, And Advanced Placement Mathematics, Sara Snarr

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The strand of slope presents every year from 7th grade through Advanced Placement Calculus. The Common Core Learning Standards require and encourage a thorough understanding of slope and slope-related concepts such as unit rate, parallel and perpendicular lines, and the derivative. Unfortunately, many secondary mathematics teachers struggle to teach students to monitor their process and conceptualize an overall strategy for solving complex and fundamental problems. This thesis examines the role of metacognition-focused instruction on achievement, and offers research-supported teaching methods in the context of slope and unit rate that support metacognition. These methods are then presented in a series of ...