Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

2013

Articles 1 - 30 of 65

Full-Text Articles in Education

Literature And Film: Preparing Students For A Media-Centric Future, Mike Landers Dec 2013

Literature And Film: Preparing Students For A Media-Centric Future, Mike Landers

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This project addresses the issue of preparing 21st century students to be critical thinkers and media-literate individuals in the consistently evolving world. This project first examines the changing nature of our media-centered society and current uses of film in the English Language Arts classroom as an effective instructional tool. Afterwards, a curriculum for an elective class that integrates film study alongside literature analysis is then presented as a resource for teachers. This class specifically uses young-adult films for film study as a way to enhance instruction and develop the skills needed to effectively read, analyze, and discuss literature.


First Grade Teachers’ Perspectives On Using Nonfiction Texts In Guided Reading And Read-Aloud Lessons, Emily Sullivan Dec 2013

First Grade Teachers’ Perspectives On Using Nonfiction Texts In Guided Reading And Read-Aloud Lessons, Emily Sullivan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research assessed first-grade teachers’ perspectives on using nonfiction text during guided reading and read-aloud lessons. Three teachers were all surveyed, observed, interviewed, and their classroom libraries were inventoried. Later the study revealed teachers’ perspectives on using nonfiction text. The findings showed there was a positive correlation between teachers’ increase in confidence and their use of the texts, and that teachers who had a high number of nonfiction texts in their classrooms incorporated the texts more often. The research gave implications for student learning which were students benefit from being taught about nonfiction text structure and nonfiction text engages students ...


Culturally Responsive Teaching, Yajaira Walker Dec 2013

Culturally Responsive Teaching, Yajaira Walker

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The idea of having Culturally Responsive Teaching has become wide spread. Colleges with Teacher Certification courses have a course to offer as a program requirement, people are gathering to discuss ideas for Cultural Responsiveness, and school districts are hiring experts in the field to help them implement this type of teaching pedagogy within their schools.

We need to know what it means to be a Culturally Responsive Teacher. We need to know how to implement Culturally Responsive Teaching and how to identify it. Since this is occurring, it is also time to look into our own curriculum and make sure ...


Franklin D. Roosevelt: The Media, His Physical Image, And Teaching Implications, Eric R. Waples Dec 2013

Franklin D. Roosevelt: The Media, His Physical Image, And Teaching Implications, Eric R. Waples

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis consists of three distinct chapters, each with a focus on the general theme of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the media, and his image. Chapter I is a historiography that traces the scholarly discussion of Roosevelt and the media from the late 1970s until the early 21st century. It argues that there was a shift in research that occurred in the 1980s. Where scholarship originally focused intently on how FDR used the media to run the country, it transitioned towards an exclusive concentration on how he used the media to minimize the public’s perception of his disability. Chapter ...


The Positive Effects Of Picture Books Providing Acceptance Of Diversity In Social Studies And Increased Literacy In Early Childhood Education, Natalie A. Heinsbergen Dec 2013

The Positive Effects Of Picture Books Providing Acceptance Of Diversity In Social Studies And Increased Literacy In Early Childhood Education, Natalie A. Heinsbergen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Early childhood education prepares young children for schooling from the moment they are born. Infants, toddlers and preschoolers take in new concepts and ideas every single day. They absorb information in their growing minds inside and outside of the classroom. Parents are a child’s first teacher and set the stage for their schooling years.

While spending time in the classroom, children benefit from academic achievement as well as socialization and interactions with peers and adults. Children learn how to communicate and spend time with others as well as gain knowledge and experience through academics. The early childhood classroom is ...


The Holodomor: Genocide And National Identity, Nicolas D. Sawicky Dec 2013

The Holodomor: Genocide And National Identity, Nicolas D. Sawicky

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper studies the Ukrainian famine of 1932-1933 known as the Holodomor. The first section of the paper includes previous research on the event and attempts to layout the different narratives of what exactly happened and more importantly, was it an act of genocide?

The second section of the paper looks at how the Holodomor is still relevant in modern Ukrainian politics as the country tries to find its own identity after gaining independence from the Soviet Union. The final section of the paper offers some online resources to help teachers educate students on the Holodomor.


A Framework For Culturally Responsive Teaching: Effectively Implementing Culturally Responsive Instruction In The Science Classroom, Elizabeth Dunne Dec 2013

A Framework For Culturally Responsive Teaching: Effectively Implementing Culturally Responsive Instruction In The Science Classroom, Elizabeth Dunne

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Culturally responsive instruction (CRT) is a term that has been bandied about the world of education for the past several decades. Despite substantial discussion into the theoretical constructs behind CRT, concrete applications of CRT to the science classroom have yet to be articulated or proposed. In this project, six elements of CRT classroom practices are described and applied to the secondary science classroom. Exemplar lessons modeling these six elements are provided to illustrate how authentic science instruction can occur in a culturally responsive classroom.


Influence Of Retrospective Miscue Analysis On A Student's Perception Of Himself As A Reader, Danielle Deleo Dec 2013

Influence Of Retrospective Miscue Analysis On A Student's Perception Of Himself As A Reader, Danielle Deleo

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research study explores the influence Retrospective Miscue Analysis (RMA) has on a student’s perception of himself as a reader. RMA allows students to revalue themselves as readers and reflect on reading by viewing it as a meaning making process. The results of this study indicated that RMA had a positive influence on the student’s perception of himself as a reader. In the future, this study can be used as a guide to help others understand how RMA can be used as a tool to aid struggling readers develop positive views of themselves and their abilities. Data was ...


Prohibition Era Rochester: A Family Affair, Russell G. Hendrick Dec 2013

Prohibition Era Rochester: A Family Affair, Russell G. Hendrick

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This project researched the largely overlooked historical topic of Rochester, NY during the Prohibition Era. It draws upon a wide variety of sources, including oral history from the author’s family who were directly involved in the illegal sale of alcohol in Rochester. These stories offer unique insight into the heretofore-undocumented side of the speakeasy operators. The combination of oral history and more traditional research offers a diverse interpretation of Rochester NY during the Prohibition Era. The project also includes a historiography of research on Prohibition in general and Rochester specifically as well as a DBQ designed for 8th ...


Factors That Greatly Influence Student Learning In Science Laboratories Remelioration And Inclusive Strategies To Create A Positive, Lasting Impact, Jessica Evershed Dec 2013

Factors That Greatly Influence Student Learning In Science Laboratories Remelioration And Inclusive Strategies To Create A Positive, Lasting Impact, Jessica Evershed

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This capstone project will consist of modifying Living Environment labs used by teachers in the Greece Central School District. Modification of these labs will reflect current research in science education including Web-based learning, the use of modeling, the impact of various lab styles, and various sociocultural factors. Students will be provided a higher quality laboratory experience which will yield higher academic achievement and understanding of science concepts. Increased academic achievement will further result in credit accrual for students in the Living Environment course and students meeting the minimum laboratory requirement for the Regents exam.


Evaluating Phonics Games For Authentic Literacy Experience​S, Kathryn Cardella Dec 2013

Evaluating Phonics Games For Authentic Literacy Experience​S, Kathryn Cardella

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study examines phonics instruction in a first grade classroom. Using phonics games from the Pinnell and Fountas Phonics Bundle - Grade 1 (2003), a small group of participants were taught specific phonics skills to support literacy development. The games were analyzed through an Instructional Phonics Game rubric designed to examine the effectiveness and quality of each game as it relates to literacy development. Participants were observed, interviewed, and assessed in order to collect data that supports how the phonics games may have impacted learning. Data was collected, analyzed, and presented through individual case studies, as well as through larger trends.


Improving Earth Science Instruction Through Visual Organizers, Paulette B. Kealy Dec 2013

Improving Earth Science Instruction Through Visual Organizers, Paulette B. Kealy

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Visual organizers come in many types, semantic mapping, semantic feature analysis, syntactic/semantic feature analysis and graphic organizers and can be used before, during, and after instruction. Misconceptions can be addressed when a concept map is used to show the correct relationships between concepts and details, while developing a connection to background knowledge. This connection gives students an anchor to newly learned knowledge providing a based for the new knowledge to be built upon. Concept maps can also be used to improve literacy through helping students understand complex informational text such as the text in textbooks; helping students organize writing ...


Embedding Story In The Common Core, Michael J. Neumire Dec 2013

Embedding Story In The Common Core, Michael J. Neumire

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This article addresses the Common Core Standards' focus on informational texts. It suggests that using informational texts that build arguments and information with narrative structure will create an engaging and effective classroom experience for students caught in this shift of standards.


The Civil War Years: Rochester And The Civil War, Alan Schlageter Dec 2013

The Civil War Years: Rochester And The Civil War, Alan Schlageter

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Citizens of Rochester, like all Americans, found their lives interrupted in some manner by the events of the Civil War. Many men went off to perform their patriotic duty and fight to save the Union while the women of Rochester saw their roles change as they circumstances dictated that they had to take care of more of the duties of men at home as well as support the volunteers in battle. The war dominated local newspapers and politics and new organizations and charities appeared across the American landscape to help citizens meet the needs of a long, bloody battle.

This ...


Engaging Writing Activities To Increase Skills And Motivation For Middle School Students, Alicia M. Accapezzato Dec 2013

Engaging Writing Activities To Increase Skills And Motivation For Middle School Students, Alicia M. Accapezzato

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Teaching middle school ELA using engaging and technology driven lesson to improve writing school. Why engagement is important to student success and why teachers should keep up with technology to foster success. A 5 lesson unit plan that aims to teach writing skills to middle school students keeping technology and engagement in mind follows the research.


A Curriculum Project On Connecting Patterns And Equations In Algebra 1 Aligned With The New York State Common Core Standards, Kristina R. Graziadei Dec 2013

A Curriculum Project On Connecting Patterns And Equations In Algebra 1 Aligned With The New York State Common Core Standards, Kristina R. Graziadei

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Introduction

Change is constant in the world of education. Teacher requirements and education policies are constantly evolving at a statewide and nationwide level, and it is critical that teachers adapt to these changes for successful classroom learning experiences. Through implementing new technologies in the classroom teachers may elevate students understanding, provide deeper meaning in content, and make connections to real life applications. Recent studies show that implementing technology and modeling strategies in the classroom have the potential to evoke a higher level of understanding among all students (NYSED, 2012).

This curriculum project aligned the Algebra 1: Unit 1- Connecting Patterns ...


Improving Chemistry Instruction Via The 5-E Learning Model: Inventing, Adapting And Incorporating The First “E", Cecilia M. Christopher Dec 2013

Improving Chemistry Instruction Via The 5-E Learning Model: Inventing, Adapting And Incorporating The First “E", Cecilia M. Christopher

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The following is a compilation of engage activities will prove useful to science teachers. Students always ask “can you blow something up?” While a valid plan, there has to be some planning by the teacher. This compilation will provide teachers a resource to engage students through a variety of modes to increase student engagement and learning.

Students in any classroom have an innate ability to “zone out.” With an engage activity at the beginning of a new concept causes students to wonder, ask questions, observe and obtain motivation to learn. The “wow” factor and time to wonder helps engage student ...


The Influence Of The Reading First Grant Program On English Language Arts Classrooms, John F. Hoffman Dec 2013

The Influence Of The Reading First Grant Program On English Language Arts Classrooms, John F. Hoffman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis reviews research on Reading First (RF), a federal grant program instituted under No Child Left Behind to improve reading instruction in grades K-3 among high-poverty schools. The mandates, implementation, and outcomes of the RF program are analyzed for their impact not the English Language Arts (ELA) curriculum. The author argues that RF successfully implemented a shift in early grades emphasis towards phonics instruction, creating slightly improved phonics outcomes at the cost of growth in other ELA skills.


A Curriculum Study: Teaching Integer Addition And Subtraction Using A Net Worth Concept, Jennifer L. Miller Dec 2013

A Curriculum Study: Teaching Integer Addition And Subtraction Using A Net Worth Concept, Jennifer L. Miller

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The face of mathematics education in the United States is currently undergoing a paradigm shift. After many years of applying the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Standards, most states are now implementing the new set of national standards, The Common Core State Curriculum (CCSS). Because of this shift, teachers are working to align their materials with the practices and standards outlined in the CCSS. This thesis provides a discussion of the new CCSS and presents a unit plan for a seventh grade mathematics classroom on integer addition and subtraction. The unit plan provides an exemplar model of integer ...


"History" Vs. "Herstory:" The Jobs And Roles Of Women During World War Ii, William J. Richter Dec 2013

"History" Vs. "Herstory:" The Jobs And Roles Of Women During World War Ii, William J. Richter

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The word “history” has been defined as events in the past that were written down or recorded. It has been men (“his,” “story”) who usually have been the ones to record the written past. What about women? Should an event in the past that was written down be called “herstory?” The most interesting part of history, to me at least, has been the study of World War II. Throughout all of my course work in high school, undergraduate, and even graduate work, men have claimed most of the honors for their efforts in winning the war. What about the women ...


The Social Studies Classroom: An Optimal Setting For Schools To Support Students At-Risk, Stephanie M. Giles Dec 2013

The Social Studies Classroom: An Optimal Setting For Schools To Support Students At-Risk, Stephanie M. Giles

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper examines the role schools play in the success of students at-risk who often struggle in school and face the threat of dropping out. It explores the potential for schools to equip students with a sense of belonging, meaningful student-adult relationships and a supportive school climate. This potential is largely considered in the context of the social studies classroom, which proves to be a significant setting for students to be empowered and have their needs addressed. Specific methods and materials for optimizing the social studies classroom are captured through a VoiceThread presentation. VoiceThread is a web-based application where interactive ...


A Math 8 Unit In Scientific Notation Aligned To The New York State Common Core And Learning Standards, Jessica K. Griffin Dec 2013

A Math 8 Unit In Scientific Notation Aligned To The New York State Common Core And Learning Standards, Jessica K. Griffin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In response to the implementation of new Common Core State Standards (CCSS), this curriculum project was designed to help teachers in the transition to the new standards. The curriculum project will be referred to as a unit plan throughout the paper. The unit plan on Scientific Notation, for the eighth grade mathematics curriculum, is aligned to the New York State Common Core and Learning Standards for Mathematics (NYSCCLSM). The unit plan addresses mathematical modeling, Mathematical Practice Standard 4. The unit plan may provide a way in which teachers can work towards the Common Core State Standards Initiative’s goal to ...


Engaging Learners Through Inquiry-Based Instruction To Promote Evidence-Based Writing In Advanced Placement Biology, Nolan M. Flores Dec 2013

Engaging Learners Through Inquiry-Based Instruction To Promote Evidence-Based Writing In Advanced Placement Biology, Nolan M. Flores

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The following capstone project is an organized collection of inquiry-based labratory investigations and activities that promote opportunities for evidence-based writing in Advanced Placement (AP) Biology. A current review of literature was conducted to gather effective instructional strategies to engage, and develop science literacy skills in the classroom. These instructional strategies have been integrated into 16 labs and/or activities aligned to the current and revised AP Biology curriculum. The labs are student-centered and involve the generation, analysis and use of scientific evidence to form conclusions, claims or engage in science argumentation. The result of this project will help to create ...


Revitalizing The Physics Curriculum: Introducing Game-Based Learning As An Effective Educational Technique In The Physics Curriculum, W. David Yochum Nov 2013

Revitalizing The Physics Curriculum: Introducing Game-Based Learning As An Effective Educational Technique In The Physics Curriculum, W. David Yochum

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In today's society, many of the challenges that we face, such as renewable energy and disease treatment and prevention can only be resolved through the assistance of science and technology. This epiphany has resulted in a desire for educational institutions to place a strong emphasis on improving today's students knowledge and skills in the areas of science, technology, and mathematics. In all, this is no easy task to accomplish as our traditional methods of instruction in science are not adequate enough to achieve the desired goals for students. Thus, the responsibility of preparing newer generations of learners falls ...


The Invisible Students In The Classroom: How To Include The Introverts Without Excluding The Extroverts, Sharron E. Dow Nov 2013

The Invisible Students In The Classroom: How To Include The Introverts Without Excluding The Extroverts, Sharron E. Dow

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper focuses mainly on the introverted and extroverted temperaments and how that affects an adolescent’s learning in school and their interaction in the world. There are many cultural misconceptions of introversion which are unknowingly perpetuated by school personnel, who are often extroverts. This argument also includes the fact that America praises the extrovert while diminishing the introvert, thusly preventing the introverted students from full academic achievement as well as restricting connection to their community. There is evidence in American history that the extroverted ideal was developed over time and originated from Dr. Carl Jung’s research on personality ...


Technology Use In Elementary Education And The Resources To Improve Teachers’ Attitudes Towards Twenty-First Century Learning, Sarah R. D'Angelo Oct 2013

Technology Use In Elementary Education And The Resources To Improve Teachers’ Attitudes Towards Twenty-First Century Learning, Sarah R. D'Angelo

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Students are currently living in and growing in a world of technological advancements. Teachers need to have the correct and most efficient training and Professional Development for the use of technology. Teachers of the twenty-first century need to engage students and motivate them with technology, as well as provide them with technology in ways to help them achieve their best academic performance. In my thesis, I have included data from Undergraduate and Graduate programs of several Upstate New York universities, as well as school districts, indicating the ways that they incorporate technology training for teachers. I have also created a ...


Facilitating Motivation:Implementing Problem-Based Learning Into The Science Classroom, Danqing Li Oct 2013

Facilitating Motivation:Implementing Problem-Based Learning Into The Science Classroom, Danqing Li

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Student motivation is an important precursor to learning, and therefore, is an important component in any successful science classroom. Studies have shown that the more students are engaged in the classroom, the better they will succeed. Several decades of research have shown that students’ engagement predicts their learning, grades, achievement, retention, and graduation (National Research Council, 2004).

One of the engagement strategies include components to the Self-Determination Theory. According to the Self-Determination Theory, there are three factors that work together to motivate students: autonomy, competence, and relatedness. Autonomy refers to the degree of choice that students have about tasks and ...


Examining The Development Of Literacy Through Play, Rachael A. Doberstein Sep 2013

Examining The Development Of Literacy Through Play, Rachael A. Doberstein

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study explores the ways in which children develop literacy skills through play, and investigates the teacher’s role is in this literacy related play. Specifically, it focuses on the ways that preschool children develop literacy through free play and structured play, and how the level of teacher involvement in this play affects the children’s literacy development. This study took place over a nine week period, focusing on three preschool age focal children during observations of the children’s play sessions in the preschool room of a daycare located in and affiliated with a church in a rural town ...


Strategies For Integrating Literacy In Middle School Content-Area Classrooms, Christyna Consagra Aug 2013

Strategies For Integrating Literacy In Middle School Content-Area Classrooms, Christyna Consagra

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Content-area teachers at the middle school level are charged with finding a balance between literacy and content instruction without diluting disciplinary rigor. This literature review addressed an instructional framework, the selection of resources, qualities of an effective teacher and the plethora of research-based strategies used in content-area classrooms. The Reading Apprenticeship Approach is an instructional framework that builds on metacognitive conversations to encourage literacy routines. Diversity of text, both topical and range of difficulty, ties to motivation and is strongly influenced by technology. Adolescent learners are faced with increasingly complex text and must be explicitly taught strategies to comprehend a ...


Sport As A Political Tool, Todd J. Reichlmayr Aug 2013

Sport As A Political Tool, Todd J. Reichlmayr

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Since the modern Olympic movement in the late 19th century sport has grown and continues to play a prominent role in our globalized community. From the FIFA World Cup to the World Cup of Rugby, nations continually embrace the importance of sport as an effective means to demonstrate the superiority of their culture. The growth of sport as an academic subject has an incredible amount of importance and relevance in the classroom. As teachers we are constantly looking to engage our students in new and exciting ways while still sticking to curriculum and state standards. Sport is yet another ...