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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Correlation Of Reading Outside School And Reading Proficiency, Tonya M. Lustumbo Dec 1993

The Correlation Of Reading Outside School And Reading Proficiency, Tonya M. Lustumbo

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between time spent reading outside of school and reading proficiency, as measured by the Reading Comprehension component of the California Achievement Test. The underlying philosophy of this research stressed that the best way to develop reading ability is to provide abundant opportunity for experiencing reading. The research was conducted at a small, rural school in western New York State. As part of the recreational reading program, Book-It!, students were required to record the amount of reading they did outside of school each day for five months. The students' reading proficiency ...


Self-Concept Assessment Of Linguistically Diverse Students, Rebecca Rauscher-Bethlendy Dec 1993

Self-Concept Assessment Of Linguistically Diverse Students, Rebecca Rauscher-Bethlendy

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not students of linguistically diverse backgrounds tend to have lower self-concepts, particularly in the academic setting, than those students who are from "standard" English linguistic backgrounds. This study took into account the students' linguistic backgrounds; the language most frequently used in the home, whether it is "standard" English, Black English, Spanish, or any other language. It was the premise of this researcher that if a child's first language or dialect deviates from the "standard," which is typically valued and emphasized in the classroom and the society at large, then ...


The Effects Of Cooperative Learning On The Reading Comprehension Of Seventh Grade Students, Denise Grochowski Dec 1993

The Effects Of Cooperative Learning On The Reading Comprehension Of Seventh Grade Students, Denise Grochowski

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study examined the effects of cooperative learning instruction on forty seventh-grade students from a public middle school in Western New York. The students were divided into two groups: Group A and Group B. The students in Group A received the cooperative learning treatment, while students in Group B received no treatment, but worked in a traditional classroom environment.

Each student spent approximately nine weeks in either a class using cooperative learning strategies or one that did not. Each classroom is heterogeneously grouped. The cooperative learning strategies employed were a combination of techniques developed by Slavin,

Kagan, and Johnson and ...


A Study Of The Effect Of Baroque Classical Music On Pre-First Graders’ Performance On A Group Reading Test, Carol M. Mcmahon Dec 1993

A Study Of The Effect Of Baroque Classical Music On Pre-First Graders’ Performance On A Group Reading Test, Carol M. Mcmahon

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if the playing of Baroque Classical music during the administration of a group reading test would affect the performance of Pre-first graders on the test.

Statistical analysis of control and experimental reading scores of Pre-first graders on the Gates-MacGinite Reading Test revealed the following results. The playing of Baroque Classical music during testing did not significantly affect reading scores. Although no statistically significant change in reading achievement occurred, a trend towards improvement was apparent. This trend was evidenced by an overall increase in stanine score among the students.

Small sample size and ...


Reading Aloud By The Elementary School Teacher, Andrew H. Templeman Aug 1993

Reading Aloud By The Elementary School Teacher, Andrew H. Templeman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to investigate the read aloud practices of elementary school teachers. It also examined those practices in regards to the differences exhibited among the different grade levels.

Seventy-six teachers responded to the questionnaire developed by the researcher. The responses of the returned questionnaires were tallied and recorded according to the frequency and similarity of responses. A descriptive analysis was then made of the responses according to the two questions posed by the researcher.

The findings of this study revealed that many teachers are reading aloud to their students on a regular basis. Many purposes were mentioned, but ...


Reading Achievement Of General Education Children In Blended Classes, Dawn J. Squicciarini Aug 1993

Reading Achievement Of General Education Children In Blended Classes, Dawn J. Squicciarini

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Using 64, sixth grade students from a rural Western New York school district, the examiner attempted to determine if the current practice of integrating special needs students into the regular classroom has any effect on the reading achievement of the general education student. To accomplish this, the examiner found two comparable groups from the current sixth grade class. Group A was the integrated students and Group B was the traditional students. The total reading scores from annual standardized reading tests were compared.

Using a calculated t test, the data showed no statistically significant difference in achievement between the two test ...


The Relationship Between Two Approaches To Teaching Literacy And The Reading Attitudes Of First Graders, Therese Roethel Aug 1993

The Relationship Between Two Approaches To Teaching Literacy And The Reading Attitudes Of First Graders, Therese Roethel

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was conducted in order to investigate the relationship between two approaches to teaching literacy--traditional basal-driven methods and literature-based whole language approaches--and the attitudes toward reading among first grade students. The subjects consisted of 194 first grade students in two suburban school districts. The subjects were asked to complete a survey administered by their classroom teacher. This survey asked questions concerning attitudes toward reading. Survey information was compiled and summarized in table and paragraph form. A statistically significant difference in attitudes among students between the two separate types of teaching methods was not found. The null hypothesis was accepted.


A Study Of The Relationship Between Personal Involvement In Writing Topics And Self-Esteem, Lisa T. Wells Aug 1993

A Study Of The Relationship Between Personal Involvement In Writing Topics And Self-Esteem, Lisa T. Wells

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if children with a low self-esteem rating chose fact-based topics in which they were personally involved less often than students with a high self-esteem rating.

The subjects of this study were 50 students from grades two through six of a rural school district in Western New York. One classroom from each grade level was administered the Piers-Harris

Children’s Self-Concept Scale. Students whose raw scores fell within the five lowest and five highest extremes of their class were used as subjects for the study. The writing folders of these subjects were collected ...


The Effect Of A Junior Kindergarten Program On Reading Comprehension, Kimberly A. Hale Aug 1993

The Effect Of A Junior Kindergarten Program On Reading Comprehension, Kimberly A. Hale

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study examined whether there was a statistically significant difference between the reading comprehension of students taught in a junior kindergarten and the reading comprehension of students placed directly into kindergarten at the end of three years of instruction and at the end of first grade.

The researcher compiled a list of students who attended the junior kindergarten program. Another group of students who attended regular kindergarten was randomly selected. The Comprehensive Test of Basic Skills (CTBS) reading comprehension scores were compared between transition students and their counterparts in age who were placed into regular kindergarten programs. CTBS reading comprehension ...


Comparing The Relationship Of Storytelling And Storybook Reading To Kindergartners' Ability To Sequentially Retell A Story Using Pictures, Lorie Ann Henry Jul 1993

Comparing The Relationship Of Storytelling And Storybook Reading To Kindergartners' Ability To Sequentially Retell A Story Using Pictures, Lorie Ann Henry

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a statistically significant difference in kindergartners' sequential retelling of a story read to them from a book (read aloud) as compared to a story told orally, without a book (storytelling) . The subjects of this study were forty eight kindergarten children attending an suburban school district in Western New York State. After listening to a story read aloud and another story told orally half the students retold the stories using pictures provided by the researcher. The other half of the students listened to the same stories only presented in the ...


A Survey Of Audiences For Reading Assessment: One District’S Needs And Methods Of Assessment And Its Profile Of A Good Reader, Margaret Mchugh Schubert Jul 1993

A Survey Of Audiences For Reading Assessment: One District’S Needs And Methods Of Assessment And Its Profile Of A Good Reader, Margaret Mchugh Schubert

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Teachers and residents in one small school district were surveyed to determine their needs for reading assessments, the methods of assessment they thought would best meet those needs, and their opinions on what is needed in order to read well.

Results showed that both groups use assessment primarily to monitor student progress and to identify student strengths and weaknesses. Teachers also use assessments to plan instruction, strategies and activities.

The two methods of assessment that the majority of respondents thought would best meet their assessment needs were individual assessment of reading performance and daily observation with frequent anecdotal records.

Respondents ...


School Attendance Of High School Dropouts, Amy C. Hazard Jul 1993

School Attendance Of High School Dropouts, Amy C. Hazard

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if there is an identifiable pattern of absences for elementary school student who eventually drop out of high school. If so, attendance patterns could be used as an indicator for students at risk or dropping out. Using attendance data, the study investigated these absences.

This study examined the elementary attendance records of 42 high school dropouts. All of these students attended school in the Fulton City School District.

The study began by looking at grade levels. For each grade level, the percentage of each day of the week missed was calculated. The ...


Multiple Intelligences And Their Impact On Science Instruction On One Second Grade Classroom, Jennifer L. Thrall May 1993

Multiple Intelligences And Their Impact On Science Instruction On One Second Grade Classroom, Jennifer L. Thrall

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Historically, American schools provide various levels of instruction geared to the potential mathematician, writer, scientist, and historian. But what is the purpose of education in the United States? Some would argue it is the preparation of tomorrow’s workforce and the development of problem-solving skills across all disciplines. In order to accomplish this task, pedagogical theories and reforms are constantly reviewed, implemented, and assessed. This thesis project examines the concept of the individual instructional needs of students while considering Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences Theory published in 1983. At the time of this writing, students’ main conduit for information in core ...


Children’S Self-Selection Of Books : What Reasons Do Children Give For Their Choices?, Maria Starks-Forte May 1993

Children’S Self-Selection Of Books : What Reasons Do Children Give For Their Choices?, Maria Starks-Forte

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purposes of this study were to discover the reasons why children choose the books they do, and to see if there was a difference in responses among first, third, and fifth grade students.

Ninety first, third, and fifth grade students participated in the task of choosing one book from several others displayed on a table. The students were asked why they chose that book. Responses were tabulated and descriptively analyzed. Results indicated familiarity with the book as the most popular reason for book choice across all three grade levels. All three grade levels had four common categories noted in ...


Reading Attitudes, Achievement And Motivation Of Adult Male Prison Inmates, Kathleen M. Gould May 1993

Reading Attitudes, Achievement And Motivation Of Adult Male Prison Inmates, Kathleen M. Gould

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is a strong relationship between reading attitudes and achievement of adult male inmates and what motivates them to want to learn to read. Eighty (80) inmates enrolled in the Pre-GED classes at a medium security prison in western New York were given a reading attitude inventory designed by the researcher based on the Estes Reading Attitude Scale. Reading scores for each student were also gathered from the TABE test. The relationship of the attitude inventory and achievement was then analyzed. It was found that in this study, reading attitude was ...


An Investigation Of Literacy Environments In Pediatric Offices, Diane Marie Kramer Ferster May 1993

An Investigation Of Literacy Environments In Pediatric Offices, Diane Marie Kramer Ferster

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The primary purpose of this study was to determine if pediatricians' offices are offering a literacy-rich environment to their patients. A secondary goal was to observe patients' interactions within the environment of a pediatrician's office.

The study involved 10 pediatricians' offices. All of these offices were surveyed by the researcher in order to examine whatever literacy materials were available to the patients. An employee from each office also took part in the research by answering a set of questions specifically related to the inner workings of the office. From the initial observations and data, five offices were utilized for ...


Assessment Of Differences In Response To Literature, Diane Bonarigo May 1993

Assessment Of Differences In Response To Literature, Diane Bonarigo

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in response to literature among second grade students who were given the opportunity to construct and convey meaning in a self-selected response mode as compared with a single assigned response mode.

A short narrative children's story, The Mitten, was read to four groups of children. Children were asked to respond to three questions about the story, in their respective assigned response modes; self-selected response mode, writing response mode, oral response mode and graphic response mode. Three questions were asked to all the children in this study;

  1. Describe one character ...


Effects Of Science Vocabulary Exposure Prior To Instruction: Interdisciplinary Instruction In Science And Language, Ann S. Henriksen May 1993

Effects Of Science Vocabulary Exposure Prior To Instruction: Interdisciplinary Instruction In Science And Language, Ann S. Henriksen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated the use of a prereading strategy that gave 6th grade students exposure to technical science vocabulary before science instruction. The prior exposure consisted of listening/speaking and graphophonemic manipulation of the science terms. The science instruction promoted student inquiry and problem solving in each of the three phases of the science unit on rocketry. These phases were model construction, informational material and "hands-on" experiments.

A treatment-control group comparison was conducted. After each of the phases a posttest was given to both groups. Data were collected and compared for three posttests. The technical vocabulary awareness treatment group demonstrated ...


Teachers’ Targets For Reading Instruction And What These Suggest, Sharon L. Rakoski May 1993

Teachers’ Targets For Reading Instruction And What These Suggest, Sharon L. Rakoski

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Teacher's belief systems and philosophies are formulated through professional development, reading current theory and daily interaction with children and materials. Researchers agree that teachers need an understanding of their belief systems in order to match these beliefs with effective instruction. This study examined teachers' belief systems as well as their targets or goals for reading instruction.

A Likert-type survey was created and answered by approximately 40 randomly selected faculty members from a rural western New York school district, representing a wide range of experience levels in grades K through 6. Teachers were also given the opportunity to freely respond ...


The Role Of The Manual Alphabet In Letter Recognition Of Kindergarten Children, Mary Katherine Waple Andriatch Apr 1993

The Role Of The Manual Alphabet In Letter Recognition Of Kindergarten Children, Mary Katherine Waple Andriatch

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a difference between recall of sounds and symbols of the alphabet by students who were taught the letters of the alphabet using a manual alphabet (fingerspelling), versus recall of the sounds and symbols of the alphabet by students who were taught without fingerspelling.

Using a population of 20 regular education kindergarten students from a rural, upstate New York school district, the researcher found whether or not the manual alphabet played a role in kindergarten students' sight and symbol recognition of the alphabet.

For three consecutive weeks, the researcher taught ...


The Relationship Between The Child’S Concept Of Reading And Reading Comprehension Performance, Lynda S. Faulks Apr 1993

The Relationship Between The Child’S Concept Of Reading And Reading Comprehension Performance, Lynda S. Faulks

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this research was to investigate the relationship between the child's concept of reading and reading comprehension performance. The subjects were forty fourth grade students from four different types of schools (parochial, private, public urban, and public suburban) in western New York. The child's concept of reading was studied during an interview procedure. The child's reading comprehension performance was measured by his/her raw score on the New York State Reading Pupil Evaluation Program (PEP) Test.

After testing the null hypothesis at the .05 level of significance, it was found that there was not a ...


Analysis Of The Reading Abilities Of Students In Integrated And Self-Contained Classrooms, Lisa J. Montanaro Mar 1993

Analysis Of The Reading Abilities Of Students In Integrated And Self-Contained Classrooms, Lisa J. Montanaro

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine whether children with learning disabilities, placed into an integrated setting, would progress more in reading achievement than children with learning disabilities placed into self-contained special education setting.

In various school districts, children with learning disabilities are being "blended” or integrated into regular education classrooms for the whole day.

Some teachers team teach from regular and special education programs. They bring together an interesting mix of skills, strategies and experiences. Depending upon the specific student needs, various grouping combinations can be employed. Large group instruction can be supported by two teachers, an instructional ...


An Exploratory Study Of College Student Condom Use, Tina M. Brien Feb 1993

An Exploratory Study Of College Student Condom Use, Tina M. Brien

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study assessed a variety of psychological, health, and demographic measures and determined their relationship to condom use in a convenience sample of college students (n=476). The data were collected with the use of an anonymous questionnaire. It was administered in a variety of undergraduate classes at the SUNY College at Brockport during the Spring and Summer Semesters of 1992. Emerging from a factor analysis of the Condom Use Self Efficacy Scale were four reliable subscales labeled as followed: Mechanics, Partner's Disapproval, Assertive, and Intoxicants. A multiple discriminant function analysis was used to distinguish among the following three ...