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University of Massachusetts Amherst

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2010

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Articles 1 - 22 of 22

Full-Text Articles in Education

The Aid Debate: Beyond The Liberal/Conservative Divide, Sangeeta Kamat Oct 2010

The Aid Debate: Beyond The Liberal/Conservative Divide, Sangeeta Kamat

Center for International Education Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Understanding Educational Leadership In Northwest China, Matthew Militello, Joseph B. Berger Jan 2010

Understanding Educational Leadership In Northwest China, Matthew Militello, Joseph B. Berger

Center for International Education Faculty Publications

The purpose of this study is to develop greater depth of understanding regarding educational leadership development in the five northwestern provinces (Shaanxi, Yinjiang, Gansu, Qinghai, and Ningxia) of the People's Republic of China. The researchers used a mixed method approach of surveys and focused group interviews to gather data regarding the current state of educational leadership training in this under-developed region of China. Findings indicate that most of the educational leaders included in this study have limited teaching experience and relatively low levels of formal education and few, if any, opportunities for training and professional development. However, the participants ...


Action Research Tool (Art), Center For International Education Jan 2010

Action Research Tool (Art), Center For International Education

Leadership and Teacher Development (LTD)

The ART is a resource for teacher educators and teachers to use when planning, conducting and reflecting on their own action research projects. Action researchers can use this step-by-step tool as a guide.

1. Reflect

2. Plan

3. Action

4. Assess / Evaluate


Action Research Inquiry Cycle, Center For International Education Jan 2010

Action Research Inquiry Cycle, Center For International Education

Leadership and Teacher Development (LTD)

No abstract provided.


“We Lost Our Culture With Civilization” – A Critical Analysis Of The Internalization Of The Development Discourse Vis-À-Vis Systems Of Knowledge In Senegal, Karla Giuliano Sarr Jan 2010

“We Lost Our Culture With Civilization” – A Critical Analysis Of The Internalization Of The Development Discourse Vis-À-Vis Systems Of Knowledge In Senegal, Karla Giuliano Sarr

Master's Capstone Projects

Critical analysis of the complex interplay between development ideals and local conceptualizations of knowledge forms and education methods are essential if we are to promote holistic, responsive, and culturally appropriate development efforts. Since the end of World War II, and the independence movements that greatly changed geopolitics in the 1960s and 1970s, development prevails as the dominant paradigm in current relations between countries of the North and South (Escobar, 1995; Rahnema & Bawtree, 1997). Development, intrinsically linked with neo-liberal policies and globalization (Peet, 1999), defines not only how Northerners perceive the South, but also, how Southerners perceive themselves, their ways of knowing, and their possibilities for the future. While development has undergone significant changes since 1945 to promote grassroots participation and encourage the insights and contributions of project beneficiaries, without a full understanding of the complexities of the intersection between indigenous and exogenous knowledge, and the impact of the development discourse on their worldview, we are doomed to reproduce a hegemonic Eurocentric model inappropriate to and irreverent of local realities, ways of knowing, and social arrangements. This paper presents an exploration of these complex realities as they exist in a rural area in southeastern Senegal.

In local communities, and indeed throughout the world, people simultaneously operate in multiple spheres of knowledge in both purposeful and unintentional ways. While the binary positioning of “traditional”/”indigenous”/”African” and “modern”/”exogenous”/”Western” help us to understand these concepts in a pure and intelligible form (Hall, 1997), these binaries are misleading in the concealment of the complex and ambivalent nature of people’s realities. Particularly in a developing context, the history of colonization and contemporary pressures of post-colonialism and globalization lead to interwoven realities and cultures. Cultural hybridization accurately reflects how people combine elements of both traditional and modern realities in Bhabha’s articulation of a “third space” (Kraidy, 2005; Garcia Canclini 1995; Rutherford, 1995). This notion of cultural hybridity functions as a key component of the theoretical framework for this study.

This small-scale research study in a rural ...


Theatre Of The Oppressed A Manual For Educators, Gopal Midha Jan 2010

Theatre Of The Oppressed A Manual For Educators, Gopal Midha

Master's Capstone Projects

Promoting social equity and justice, I think, are not just important but essential qualities in a good educator. My experience as a graduate student at University of Massachusetts helped me understand and practice different ways in which this could be done. For instance, I learnt how I could promote social justice through changes in curriculum, co-operative learning, inter-group dialogues or multicultural education. However, my search was for a method that did not require literacy as a pre-requisite and that went beyond mere conversations about social justice. One of the key elements of the power structures which lead to oppression, I ...


Twaweza Independent Evaluation Overview Of Case Studies, Mikala Lauridsen, Martina Ochiel, Gretchen Rossman Jan 2010

Twaweza Independent Evaluation Overview Of Case Studies, Mikala Lauridsen, Martina Ochiel, Gretchen Rossman

Twaweza Initiative

As the independent evaluator, CIE is charged with four primary goals: 1) verification of Twaweza’s outputs; 2) identification of outcomes/effects; 3) analysis of the relation between outputs and outcomes/effects; and 4) review of the appropriateness of Twaweza’s theory of change.

A secondary goal is to contribute to Twaweza’s learning and communications processes by making rigorous analyses which invite probing questions and discussions available on a regular basis to the Learning & Communications Team. This is often referred to as ‘formative evaluation’, although that concept trivializes the depth of interaction and supported questioning that Twaweza is committed ...


Unpacking Twaweza's Theory Of Social Change: Citizen Agency, Information, Accountability, And Basic Services, Ethan Miller, Ash Hartwell, Gretchen Rossman Jan 2010

Unpacking Twaweza's Theory Of Social Change: Citizen Agency, Information, Accountability, And Basic Services, Ethan Miller, Ash Hartwell, Gretchen Rossman

Twaweza Initiative

The purpose of this paper is to define the key concepts – and links between them – of Twaweza’s Theory of Social Change. These are the notions of citizen-driven change, citizen agency, information, monitoring and accountability, and basic services. The analysis shows ambiguities and, at times, conflicting working definitions in Twaweza’s use of these terms in its major public documents. We then integrate relevant scholarship to elaborate these central ideas and to pose questions that Twaweza may engage with in the spirit of its claims to be a “learning organization.”


Twaweza Independent Evaluation Overview Of Baseline And Other Surveys, Gretchen Rossman Jan 2010

Twaweza Independent Evaluation Overview Of Baseline And Other Surveys, Gretchen Rossman

Twaweza Initiative

As stipulated in the independent evaluation contract, CIE will implement baseline surveys at households, facilities (schools, health clinics), and communities using national randomly-selected samples in all three countries. These will be followed up in 2012 with a targeted micro-survey and then with full national-level random administrations in late 2013 or early 2014. The rationale for the baseline surveys and the subsequent full follow-up survey administrations is to measure change along key variables over time. The rationale for the mid-term micro-survey is to measure targeted change, using the full baseline study (including case studies) as a guide.

Given the key evaluation ...


Twaweza Evaluation Final Report, Gretchen Rossman, David R. Evans Jan 2010

Twaweza Evaluation Final Report, Gretchen Rossman, David R. Evans

Twaweza Initiative

This report covers the period October 1, 2009, through June 15, 2010, the effective date of the termination agreement. The sections of this report include: activities during this period; management, financial, and technical reports submitted; and a list of reports to be submitted.


Twaweza Independent Evaluation Design, Gretchen Rossman, Ash Hartwell Jan 2010

Twaweza Independent Evaluation Design, Gretchen Rossman, Ash Hartwell

Twaweza Initiative

This document describes the theoretical and conceptual framework for the independent evaluation of Twaweza. It describes and amplifies Twaweza’s theory of change: its key concepts, relationships and assumptions, and on this base articulates the evaluation’s conceptual framework, principles, approaches and methodologies.

A fundamental premise informs this work: the perspectives and lived experiences of citizens in East Africa will shape the theory and its evaluation. By implication, this design document provides a starting point (building on the body of previous research on evaluating social change and Twaweza’s work on this) that will be modified and shaped by experience ...


Evaluating 'Twaweza' Presentation, Gretchen Rossman, Ash Hartwell Jan 2010

Evaluating 'Twaweza' Presentation, Gretchen Rossman, Ash Hartwell

Twaweza Initiative

Presentation at the Comparative & International Education Society meetings

March 3, 2010, Chicago, IL

The Center for International Education (CIE) was awarded a contract to serve as the independent evaluation entity for the Twaweza initiative based in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Twaweza ("we can make it happen" in Swahili) is a ten-year initiative, funded by the Dutch development organizations Hivos and SNV and other donors. Its overall goal is to foster citizen-driven change and to empower East African citizens (inTanzania,Kenya, andUganda) to advocate for access to and the quality of basic services (particularly basic education, clean water, and health services).


2010 Newsletter, Morton Sternheim Jan 2010

2010 Newsletter, Morton Sternheim

STEM Education Institute Newsletters

Nanotechnology 2010 Institute p. 2

STEM IPY

Polar Connections Institute p. 4

Legacy Beyond Our Doors p. 5

Nanotechnology Educationp.10

Tuesday & Saturday Seminars p.12

GRANTS REPORTS

STEMRAYS: After four years p. 3

Noyce Scholars: where are they now? p. 9

CLIMATE LITERACY

Are You Climate Literate? p. 6

Far Reaches of the Climate Literacy Conference p. 7

Testing the Schools p. 8


Good Enough Evaluation, Peter Elbow Jan 2010

Good Enough Evaluation, Peter Elbow

Emeritus Faculty Author Gallery

For inclusion in a collection honoring Ed White. I have to revise this by mid month and would welcome any feedback if someone is moved to give it


The Great Dilemma Of Improving Teacher Quality In Adult Learning And Literacy, Cristine Smith Jan 2010

The Great Dilemma Of Improving Teacher Quality In Adult Learning And Literacy, Cristine Smith

Center for International Education Faculty Publications

Recent research from the K-12 field indicates that professional development (PD) is a necessary (although not sufficient) factor in improving teacher quality. The research also clearly identifies ways to make professional learning activities for teachers effective. Yet the adult basic education and literacy (ABEL) field is not, for the most part, making use of this evidence in the design and support of PD for its teachers. The dilemma is that evidence-based teacher preparation practice can contribute to improved teacher quality, but it requires restructuring the way PD services are offered to the wide range of ABEL teachers. In this paper ...


Bully Victim Identification And Intervention Program For School Nurses, Nora Zinan Jan 2010

Bully Victim Identification And Intervention Program For School Nurses, Nora Zinan

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

School nurses see bullies and their victims as visitors to the health office with physical and emotional symptoms. Yet school nurses feel unprepared and unqualified to deal with bullying issues. They are not included as team members in the whole school approach to bullying prevention. METHOD: Eleven school nurses from Greenfield, Northampton and the Union #38 School district participated in The Bully Victim Identification and Intervention Program for School Nurses. Participants completed the Perceptions of Bullying Questionnaire (Hendershot, Dake, Price & Larty, 2006) prior to the training, immediately following the training and 1 month after the training. RESULT: All of the ...


What Is Transportation Engineering, Michael A. Knodler Jan 2010

What Is Transportation Engineering, Michael A. Knodler

Science and Engineering Saturday Seminars

"The branch of engineering which applies technology, science, and human factors to the planning, design, operations and management of roads, streets, bikeways, highways, their networks, terminals, and abutting lands” The objective is to provide for the safe, rapid, comfortable, efficient, convenient, and environmentally compatible movement of people, goods, and services.


Using Solar Energy, Peter Talmage Jan 2010

Using Solar Energy, Peter Talmage

Science and Engineering Saturday Seminars

• Best energy source for the environment • It’s getting more economical every day • Easy to maintain • Cuts down on foreign oil imports


Antibiotics In The Environment, Erik Rosenfeldt Jan 2010

Antibiotics In The Environment, Erik Rosenfeldt

Science and Engineering Saturday Seminars

Issues with Emerging Contaminants in Water


Rethinking Reiche, Tracie J. Reed Jan 2010

Rethinking Reiche, Tracie J. Reed

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Part I of the study examines the differences between two environmental assessment methods for the K‐12 education sector: the United States Green Building Council’s (USGBC) LEED Schools Version 3.0 and the British Research Establishment’s (BRE) BREEAM Education issue 2.0. Credit requirements are compared side‐by‐side and against recommendations from researchers in areas such as acoustics, lighting and indoor environment quality. Strengths in the two schemes and areas for improvement are highlighted, with acknowledgement that each scheme offers components and techniques from which the other could benefit. Part II of the study introduces the Howard ...


Students’ Perceptions Of Effectiveness Of Hospitality Curricula And Their Preparedness, Imran Rahman Jan 2010

Students’ Perceptions Of Effectiveness Of Hospitality Curricula And Their Preparedness, Imran Rahman

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Curriculum assessment has been an important tool in measuring the effectiveness of the curriculum to evaluate student learning and preparedness. This study develops a conceptual framework, based on course offerings and descriptions of the Hospitality and Tourism Management Program at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, to evaluate how the curriculum contributes to students’ preparedness for their future career. Using an online field survey, this study examines the skills that contribute to students’ preparedness. Besides putting forward the strengths and weaknesses of the program, and identifying the significant skill areas that contribute significantly to students’ preparedness, findings of this study indicate ...


Countertransference Behavior And Alliance Quality As A Function Of Therapist Self-Insight, Mamta B. Dadlani Jan 2010

Countertransference Behavior And Alliance Quality As A Function Of Therapist Self-Insight, Mamta B. Dadlani

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

The current study investigated preliminarily therapists’ countertransference (CT) behavior and alliance quality as a function of therapist self-insight, a central CT management factor. Eight therapist-trainees were rated by a clinical supervisor on their degree of self-insight and then assigned to a high or low self-insight group. The groups were compared on therapist CT behavior, from both therapist and supervisor perspectives, and on patient-perceived alliance quality. Effect size estimates suggested that high self-insight therapists displayed more CT behaviors than low self-insight therapists (with small to medium effects), and that patients of high self-insight therapists reported higher alliance scores (with a medium ...