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The College at Brockport: State University of New York

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

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Instructional Preferences In Aquatics For Children With Visual Impairments And Their Instructors, Fabiana Cieslak Dec 2013

Instructional Preferences In Aquatics For Children With Visual Impairments And Their Instructors, Fabiana Cieslak

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

The aim of this study was to determine which instructional strategies athletes with visual impairments and their coaches would prefer during swimming classes. Thirteen athletes with visual impairments and fourteen coaches participated in interviews to reveal their preferences. A thematic analysis was utilized to ensure the analysis was undertaken in a theoretically and methodologically sound manner. Three key themes emerged, each a compilation of a set of subthemes. The first theme, physical guidance, included a quicker learning process and passive and active learning. The second theme, tactile modeling, was comprised of barriers and better instruction. The final theme that emerged ...


Group Differences In Balance Between Individuals With And Without Intellectual Disabilities Following A Progressive Overload Powerlifting Program, Thomas R. Rispoli Nov 2013

Group Differences In Balance Between Individuals With And Without Intellectual Disabilities Following A Progressive Overload Powerlifting Program, Thomas R. Rispoli

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a core-lifting program on functional balance in persons with intellectual disabilities (ages 27 - 43). This study compared balance results from a group of young adults with intellectual disabilities to a comparison group made up of college aged, typically developing peers (ages 21-27). The intervention lasted six weeks and included one day of progressive powerlifting using three sets of six to eight repetitions as outlined by the Special Olympics Powerlifting Coaches Guide (Special Olympics, 2011). An important research question for this study was to determine if strength improvements in the ...


The Relationship Between The Body Mass Index And The Daily Physical Activity Of Children And Their Parents, Jennifer Harmon Sep 2012

The Relationship Between The Body Mass Index And The Daily Physical Activity Of Children And Their Parents, Jennifer Harmon

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

Obesity is a problem that children locally and across the nation are facing. The objective of this study was to compare fifth grade children's BMI and daily physical activity to their parents' BMI and daily physical activity. The participants were 36 children from a Northeastern US urban elementary school in grade five and 18 of their parents. The parents and children wore the Yamax Digiwalker pedometer for 7 consecutive days in March 2012. Height/weight of the children was obtained and converted into BMI scores. For five consecutive school days (Tuesday-Monday) the children reported their previous day's step ...


The Relationship Between Teacher Expectations, Feedback, And Task Persistence In Elementary Children During Physical Education, Devon A. Starks Jun 2011

The Relationship Between Teacher Expectations, Feedback, And Task Persistence In Elementary Children During Physical Education, Devon A. Starks

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

Numerous studies have been done regarding the factors that effect on task persistence of students at an activity. However, little research has been done on the influence of teacher expectations , gender interactions , and teacher feedback. This study examined how these variables affect student task persistence. The focus of this study is task persistence (TP) and feedback (FB). Participants were 3rd and 4th grade males (n = 11) and females (n = 15) who received instruction from their physical education teacher. Pre-task expectations were studied from one male and one female physical education teacher using a quasi experimental research design. In addition, gender ...


The Effects Of Training On Preservice Teachers Using Computerized Systematic Observation, Stephen T. Marriott Aug 2009

The Effects Of Training On Preservice Teachers Using Computerized Systematic Observation, Stephen T. Marriott

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

Although systematic observation software systems are being used in teacher preparation programs, research investigating the type and amount of training pre-service educators need to use this software to code teaching behaviors is lacking. The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in three training protocols for pre-service physical educators using the Behavioral Evaluation Strategies and Taxonomy software system for the first time. Participants were 31 pre-service physical education teacher education students enrolled in a methods of elementary physical education instruction course at a midsized college located in western New York State. Data were collected using a function from ...


The Effects Of Education And Experience On The Attitudes Of Pre-Service Physical Educators Toward Teaching Children With Disabilities, Justin A. Haegele May 2009

The Effects Of Education And Experience On The Attitudes Of Pre-Service Physical Educators Toward Teaching Children With Disabilities, Justin A. Haegele

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

The education of children with disabilities has changed dramatically since 1970. Litigation and legislation have guaranteed students with disabilities a free and appropriate public education in an environment which would be least restrictive. This has placed some students with teachers who may not have a positive attitude toward teaching children with disabilities. Research has identified several variables which effect an educators' attitude toward teaching children with disabilities- the two most prominent being previous experience and education. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of education and experience on the attitudes of pre-service physical education educators toward teaching ...


Using An After School Martial Arts Program To Increase Student Motivation, Jeffrey R. Dewilde Jan 2008

Using An After School Martial Arts Program To Increase Student Motivation, Jeffrey R. Dewilde

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

In education there are many factors outside of the classroom that can have an impact on student motivation; as a result school districts offer athletic and extracurricular activities that help promote learning and student success. Using the TaeKwonDo Institute’s Character Reward Program, this thesis project examines the relationship between after school program involvement and student motivation. The literature review defines and explores the history of after school programs, student motivation and character development, and how martial arts supports and encourages these attributes. The active research, a four-week study, was conducted with 20 students, grades 1-8, who were enrolled in ...


Patterns Of Physical Activity Participation, Sources Of Social Support And Friendship Dynamics Among Children With Low Vision, Janet Mary Macvicar Jun 2007

Patterns Of Physical Activity Participation, Sources Of Social Support And Friendship Dynamics Among Children With Low Vision, Janet Mary Macvicar

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

Research was conducted to assess the patterns of physical activity participation, sources of social support and friendship dynamics among children with low vision. Twenty-four male and female children between the ages of 8 and 14 years with low vision (20/70 to 20/400) completed a questionnaire related to their participation in physical activity. Results indicate that the children are active at school in physical education classes, at home and in community recreation programs.

The research shows that they also have significant social supports and their friendship dynamics are positive.


The Use Of Paraprofessionals In General Physical Education (Gpe): Perceptions Of Status, Attitude, Need, And Training, Kameron Ryan Maurer Jul 2004

The Use Of Paraprofessionals In General Physical Education (Gpe): Perceptions Of Status, Attitude, Need, And Training, Kameron Ryan Maurer

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

Research on the use of paraprofessionals in education has been conducted from a variety of perspectives. Studies have been done to investigate how paraprofessionals might be used in GPE and whether they have an impact in GPE classes. From the special education perspective, there is insubstantial material available about what is occurring in inclusive classrooms. The purpose of this study was to explore: 1) specifically how paraprofessionals are being used in GPE inclusive classrooms; 2) what the feelings/attitudes of GPE teachers and paraprofessionals are with regard to their involvement in GPE, 3) perceived need for the use of paraprofessionals ...


Effects Of Trained Peer Tutors On Academic Learning Time-Physical Education Of Persons With Visual Impairments, Brian Wiskochil Apr 2004

Effects Of Trained Peer Tutors On Academic Learning Time-Physical Education Of Persons With Visual Impairments, Brian Wiskochil

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

Children with disabilities are often far behind their peers in motor skills, and physical development, and therefore require equal, and in many cases greater time spent in physical activity than their peers. However, the actual time spent in Academic Learning Time-Physical Education (ALT-PE) is often much shorter for disabled children. This study was designed to determine the effect same-aged peer tutors have on the ALT-PE of visually impaired students. Four participants between the ages of nine and sixteen were included in the study. Two were completely blind, and two were capable of very limited vision. An initial period of ALT-PE ...


The Reliability Of The New York Statewide Assessment Rubric For Badminton At The Commencement Level When Used By A Master-Teacher, A Student-Teacher, And Peer., David Alan Carson Aug 2003

The Reliability Of The New York Statewide Assessment Rubric For Badminton At The Commencement Level When Used By A Master-Teacher, A Student-Teacher, And Peer., David Alan Carson

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

The purpose of this study was to provide physical education professionals with empirical data that supports the current literature on authentic assessment. The recent literature points out the benefits of authentic assessment: it encourages students to think and perform at a "higher level", relates to unit and curriculum goals, and it improves teacher and student accountability. A rubric is the most widely used authentic assessment tool in physical education and peer authentic assessment is a common assessment style. The New York Statewide Rubric at the Commencement Level in Badminton was the assessment tool used in the study and the students ...


The Perceptions Of Division Ill Senior Woman Administrators On Sexual Discrimination In Intercollegiate Athletics, Traci A. Hay Jun 2003

The Perceptions Of Division Ill Senior Woman Administrators On Sexual Discrimination In Intercollegiate Athletics, Traci A. Hay

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

This study examined the perceptions of Division Ill Senior Woman Administrators (SWAs) on three forms of sexual discrimination in intercollegiate athletic departments: (a) gender inequity and overt discrimination, (b) sexual harassment, and (c) artificial barriers in employment. The effect of sexual discrimination on the employment of women in the athletic profession was also examined. A Likert scale survey was sent to randomly selected SWAs at NCAA Division Ill member institutions. Descriptive statistics revealed that Division Ill SWAs do not perceive sexual discrimination to exist in a global form in intercollegiate athletics. However, a perception of sexual discrimination was found in ...


Investigation Of Teaching Strategies Used In First Grade Classrooms That Could Be Applied In Physical Education To Support The Development Of Literacy Skills, Marjorie Oster Robinson May 2003

Investigation Of Teaching Strategies Used In First Grade Classrooms That Could Be Applied In Physical Education To Support The Development Of Literacy Skills, Marjorie Oster Robinson

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

This thesis focuses on strategies used to teach first graders literacy skills that could be implemented in a physical education program that would benefit the development of both physical education skills and literacy skills in first graders. Qualitative research was selected to be the method of investigation and data collection consisted of observations, interviews, and document analysis. The review of literature includes literature related to the integration of academics into physical education, national and state standards for physical education and language arts, how children gain literacy skills, the practical application of integrating language arts into physical education, and the effect ...


Effects Of Visual Impairment, Gender, And Age On Self-Determination Opportunities At Home, With Friends, With Health Care, At School, And In Physical Education, Barbara Lynn Robinson Dec 2002

Effects Of Visual Impairment, Gender, And Age On Self-Determination Opportunities At Home, With Friends, With Health Care, At School, And In Physical Education, Barbara Lynn Robinson

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

Research on Self-Determination Theory has been conducted on many aspects of an individual's across the lifespan. Studies have researched the effects of self-determined behaviors on general education, athletic sport participation, and an individual's control of their own needs. However, few studies have been conducted on self-determination opportunities that are provided in physical education. Studies indicate an importance of self-determination in all aspects of ones life with regard to perceived competence, motivation, goal setting, choice making and achievement of positive outcomes. Few studies have been conducted regarding the effects of self-determination on the lives of individuals with visual impairment ...


Perceptions Of Artificial Turf Regarding The Effects Of Football Playing Surfaces On Injury Rates, James Hammond Dec 2002

Perceptions Of Artificial Turf Regarding The Effects Of Football Playing Surfaces On Injury Rates, James Hammond

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

The perceptions of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division III college football coaches (based on their interactions with interscholastic and intercollegiate football players) regarding the effects of football playing surfaces on athlete injury was investigated. The subjects were all (237 total) NCAA Division III football coaches. Based on the existing literature and input from a panel of expert Division III coaches, a questionnaire was formed. Results showed that 48% of the coaches surveyed, strongly agreed or agreed that artificial turf poses a greater risk to injury than natural grass.


A Comparison Of The Motor Development Of Deaf Children Of Deaf Parents And Hearing Parents, Lori A. Volding Aug 2002

A Comparison Of The Motor Development Of Deaf Children Of Deaf Parents And Hearing Parents, Lori A. Volding

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

Differences in linguistic, cognitive, and social skills are known to exist between Deaf children of Deaf parents and hearing parents; differences in motor development, however, are not known between the two groups. This study was designed to compare the motor development of 14 Deaf children of Deaf parents and 15 Deaf children of hearing parents. The 11 girls and 18 boys were 4 – 9 years old; 16 were in the 4-6 age group, and 13 were in the 7 - 9 age group. The Test of Gross Motor Development (TGMD) was used to assess the motor development of 29 participants who ...


The Effect Of Brailling And Physical Guidance On The Self-Efficacy Of Children Who Are Blind, Megan E. O'Connell May 2001

The Effect Of Brailling And Physical Guidance On The Self-Efficacy Of Children Who Are Blind, Megan E. O'Connell

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

Children who are blind experience deficits in fitness and motor skills (Lieberman and McHugh, 2001; Skaggs and Hopper, 1996; Skellenger, Rosenblum and Jaeger, 1997). In addition children who are blind possess low self-efficacy (Craft and Hogan, 1985). Skill level, opportunities and self-efficacy may increase with proper instruction. Children in general benefit from instruction, yet there is limited research on modeling techniques and self-efficacy for children who are blind. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of brailling and physical guidance teaching techniques on the self-efficacy of children who are blind during goal ball skills. In addition, the ...


A Descriptive Analysis Of Selected Personality Traits Of Student Teachers In Physical Education, Chunlei Lu Dec 2000

A Descriptive Analysis Of Selected Personality Traits Of Student Teachers In Physical Education, Chunlei Lu

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

This study investigated changes in six personality traits over a course of a teaching semester. The personality traits measured included anxiety, concentration, confidence, mental preparation, motivation, and cooperation. An adapted Psychological Skills Inventory for Sport (PSIS) questionnaire was administered to student teachers before (PRE), at mid-term (MID), and immediate after (POST) a student teaching period. Repeated Measures Multivariate Analysis of Variance (rm MANOVA) and rm ANOVA and t-test of Scheffe were used to analyze differences for each the selected personality traits in terms of time (PRE, MID, and POST). The results reported significant differences in anxiety, concentration, confidence in terms ...


Pre-Service Teachers' Assumption Of Responsibility For The Academic Successes And Failures Of Their Students In Physical Education, Kaduabu S. Ajongbah Sep 2000

Pre-Service Teachers' Assumption Of Responsibility For The Academic Successes And Failures Of Their Students In Physical Education, Kaduabu S. Ajongbah

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

Effective teachers communicate their expectations to students and hold them responsible for accomplishing tasks. Expectations of teachers for their students can greatly influence student learning.

The purpose of the study was to examine the extent to which pre-service teachers assumed responsibility for the academic success and failures of their students in the classroom or gymnasium.

A total of seventy subjects (N=70) participated in the study. The subjects enrolled in the student teaching program of the Department of Physical Education and Sport at the State University of New York, College at Brockport.

The Responsibility for Student Achievement Questionnaire was administered ...


Training Cooperating Teachers To Conference With Students Of University College Of Education Of Winneba During Teaching Practice, Harriet Naki Amui Aug 2000

Training Cooperating Teachers To Conference With Students Of University College Of Education Of Winneba During Teaching Practice, Harriet Naki Amui

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

The purpose of the study was to train cooperating teachers to supervise student teachers during teaching practice at University College of Education of Winneba. The University College of Education of Winneba Cooperating Teachers' Feedback Instrument was used to collect data.

A total of five cooperating teachers and ten undergraduate students were utilized for the study. The cooperating teachers who had never done supervision of student teachers were trained to use The U.C.E.W-CTFI to collect data on student teachers' feedback which was used during conferencing to provide feedback on the student teachers' teaching.

The baseline data and Intervention ...


Descriptive Analysis Of Management Techniques Employed By Ghanaian Physical Education Teachers, Patrick Boafo Akuffo May 2000

Descriptive Analysis Of Management Techniques Employed By Ghanaian Physical Education Teachers, Patrick Boafo Akuffo

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the managerial skills employed by Ghanaian physical education teachers focusing on the senior secondary school level to determine the time for management of the lessons. The instrument used in collecting the data was the University College of Education of Winneba Instrument for Collecting Managerial Data (UCEW-ICOMAD) adapted from existing instruments by Siedentop and Siedentop and Rife. The subjects for the study comprised eleven senior secondary school teachers from Winneba and Tamale and their students. Thirty-six lessons were observed and analyzed using percentages and mean scores.

The results indicated that the mean managerial ...


An Examination Of Psychological Differences Between Elite, College, And High School Female Soccer Players, Joan E. Schockow May 2000

An Examination Of Psychological Differences Between Elite, College, And High School Female Soccer Players, Joan E. Schockow

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

This study was conducted to examine the psychological differences between elite, college, and high school female soccer players. The six personality traits that were measured included competitive trait anxiety, trait self-confidence, concentration skills, mental preparation skills, achievement motivation levels, and leadership skills. Three self-evaluation questionnaires were administered to the U.S. Women's National Soccer Team (elite), the State University of New York at Brockport and Nazareth College women's soccer teams (college), and Brockport, Livonia, and Marcellus high school soccer teams. The three questionnaires included the Sport Competitive Anxiety Test (SCAT; Martens, Burton, and Vealey, 1990), the Trait Sport-Confidence ...


The Effects Of Toys, Prompts, And Flotation Devices On The Learning Of Water Orientation Skills For Preschoolers With Or Without Developmental Delays, Cindy A. Clawson Nov 1999

The Effects Of Toys, Prompts, And Flotation Devices On The Learning Of Water Orientation Skills For Preschoolers With Or Without Developmental Delays, Cindy A. Clawson

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

The work of children is play; and in that work, toys can be used to educate, provide enjoyment and help build the foundation of social skills. One of the guidelines from the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) regarding developmentally appropriate practice is that children learn through interacting with their environment. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of toys, prompts, and flotation devices on the learning of water orientation skills for preschoolers with or without developmental delays. The 42 participants (ages 3 - 5 yr., male/female) were volunteers from a community preschool aquatics ...


Adapted Physical Education At The State University Of New York College At Brockport, (1968-1993), Kevin Andrew Biata Jul 1999

Adapted Physical Education At The State University Of New York College At Brockport, (1968-1993), Kevin Andrew Biata

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

This study was designed to record and summarize accomplishments associated with the adapted physical education program at SUNY Brockport from 1968 to 1993. Information was collected from a variety of primary and secondary sources and accomplishments were summarized as they pertained to four areas related to the adapted physical education program: professional preparation, funded research, athletic services, and faculty. In summary, the SUNY Brockport master's degree concentration in adapted physical education was implemented in 1968 and was the first in the United States. For 21 years between 1971 and 1993 the concentration was financially assisted by the U.S ...


The Perceptions Of The Teacher Certification Students Regarding Their Program Of Study While At Suny Brockport In Two Timelines, Jerono Phylis Rotich Sagero Dec 1998

The Perceptions Of The Teacher Certification Students Regarding Their Program Of Study While At Suny Brockport In Two Timelines, Jerono Phylis Rotich Sagero

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

Research has supported the need for curriculum and program reformation, but relatively little work has been done on how programs have been reformed. Furthermore, minimal research attention has been given to the perceptions of the students on their programs of study. This research was designed to examine the perceptions of students on their teacher education programs of study while at SUNY college at Brockport.

A total of 78 Students who completed between 1989 and 1996 completed the survey questionnaire which was a measure of their perceptions. They were categorized into two different timelines; timeline -one consisted of those who graduated ...


Congruity Between Assessment Criteria And Cooperating Teacher Assessment Of Student Teachers, Seidu Sofo Dec 1998

Congruity Between Assessment Criteria And Cooperating Teacher Assessment Of Student Teachers, Seidu Sofo

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

This study investigated the congruity between cooperating teachers' assessment of student teachers and established set of criteria for assessment during student teaching. The study also examined the substance of the comments of cooperating teachers about student teachers' performances.

The final evaluation forms submitted by the cooperating teachers to the student teaching coordinator served as the main source of data. These forms were content analyzed to determine the congruity of cooperating teachers' assessment and the set of assessment criteria. The researcher developed the Brockport Supervision Analysis System—Physical Education (BSASPE) instrument for data analysis.

Subjects for the study included 41 cooperating ...


Academic Learning Time In Physical Education In Ghana – A Descriptive Analytic Study, Jonathan Osbert Ayi Ammah Sep 1998

Academic Learning Time In Physical Education In Ghana – A Descriptive Analytic Study, Jonathan Osbert Ayi Ammah

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

The purpose of this study was to utilize the Academic Learning Time-Physical Education (ALT-PE) observational instrument to describe the ALT-PE patterns of students in physical education classes. The Academic Learning Time - Physical Education (ALT-PE) Version 2 with slight modification was used for data collection. Five graduate students served as observers/coders.

Eleven undergraduate preservice teachers from the University College of Education of Winneba, Ghana and their Junior Secondary School students were the subjects for the study. In all, 60 lessons were observed using 160 target students. Data collected were treated using percentages and mean scores.

The results of this study ...


Dimensions Coaching Performance: Determining The Validity And Reliability Of The State University Of New York College At Brockport Student Athlete Assessment Form (Saaf), Gregory W. Lund Jul 1998

Dimensions Coaching Performance: Determining The Validity And Reliability Of The State University Of New York College At Brockport Student Athlete Assessment Form (Saaf), Gregory W. Lund

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

Literature pertaining to the evaluation of coaches concurs that the process of evaluating coaches should be formalized and specific (Leland, 1988; Levy, 1989; Stier, 1983; MacLean & Chelladurai, 1995). SUNY Brockport has employed the Student Athlete Assessment Form (hereafter referred to as the SAAF), to evaluate the effectiveness of its coaches at the end of each athletic season. Despite being used in various forms for 14 years as a significant data source for the overall evaluation of coaches, the validity and reliability of the SAAF are unknown. This study was conducted to determine the validity and reliability of the SAAF. Between ...


Examination Of Students Engagement In A Block-Schedule Innovation Program, Isaac Kwa Kyemenu-Sarsa Dec 1997

Examination Of Students Engagement In A Block-Schedule Innovation Program, Isaac Kwa Kyemenu-Sarsa

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

Innovations in education occur in an attempt to bring about improvement in the educational process. But not all innovations tum out to have positive effect on the educational process. Kirk (1988) noted that it is possible to present an innovation that embodies some new idea without it ever bringing about any genuine change in what people think or do. Block-scheduling developed about five ago is one innovation that has attracted attention in recent years and is gaining ground with an increasing number of schools block-scheduling. The schedule has as its aim, a reduced number of periods per day, (usually four ...


Personal Characteristics Of Beginning, Intermediate, And Advanced Sport Performers, Danielle R. Chiesi Dec 1997

Personal Characteristics Of Beginning, Intermediate, And Advanced Sport Performers, Danielle R. Chiesi

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

This study investigated differences in six sport specific personal characteristics as a function of skill level. The characteristics included competitive trait anxiety, trait self-confidence, concentration, mental preparation skills, achievement motivation, and leadership. A self-evaluation questionnaire was administered to students in beginning, intermediate, and advanced physical education activity classes at the State University of New York, College at Brockport. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and multiple comparison test statistics were used to analyze differences for each of the six personal characteristics and a mental toughness composite score across the three groups of performers.

The results revealed significant differences in achievement motivation in ...