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The College at Brockport: State University of New York

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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Female Athlete Triad And It’S Long-Term Effect On High School Female Athletes, Sarah Lanier May 2020

The Female Athlete Triad And It’S Long-Term Effect On High School Female Athletes, Sarah Lanier

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

With the passage of Title IX in 1972, females have come a long way in regards to sport participation. This was something that was considered great for women and has led to the tremendous increase in female participation in sports in high schools. While participation in sports has many benefits, one unforeseen consequence was the emergence of the female athlete triad. The female athlete triad is a composed of three things, low-energy availability (disordered eating), menstrual irregularities, and negative effects on bone mineral density. The purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on the female athlete triad and ...


Multiple Intelligences In The Mathematics Classroom: A Curriculum Project On Linear Equations And Inequalities In One Variable, Angelina Rocchio May 2020

Multiple Intelligences In The Mathematics Classroom: A Curriculum Project On Linear Equations And Inequalities In One Variable, Angelina Rocchio

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum project explores the utilization of Howard Gardener’s Multiple Intelligences theory in the mathematics classroom. There are eight distinct multiple intelligences that can be found in heterogeneous classrooms of students and often students have a blend of these eight intelligences. This curriculum project discusses different methods for integrating certain multiple intelligences into the mathematics classroom. The multiple intelligences that have been included in this curriculum project are Verbal/Linguistic, Logical/Mathematical, Visual/Spatial, Kinesthetic, Interpersonal, and Intrapersonal. The Algebra unit this curriculum project focuses on is Linear Equations and Inequalities in One Variable. The curriculum provided includes a ...


Ib Mathematics Standard Level - Statistics Unit - Online Instruction, Alexa Miles May 2020

Ib Mathematics Standard Level - Statistics Unit - Online Instruction, Alexa Miles

Lesson Plans

This statistics unit is designed to be delivered 100% remotely for IB Math SL students. For our class, this was Unit 11. There are five lessons of content in this unit being, 11.1 Histograms and Boxplots, 11.2 Variance and Standard Deviation, 11.3 Probability Distributions and Expected Value, 11.4 Binomial Distribution, and 11.5 Normal Distribution. Each lesson consists of one Edpuzzle video for the students to watch and take notes on and one worksheet style practice assignment (informal assessment) for the students to complete. There is one formal assessment after lesson 2 and a larger (two-day ...


Government Mini Lesson - The Executive Branch, Juliana Schwab May 2020

Government Mini Lesson - The Executive Branch, Juliana Schwab

Lesson Plans

This mini-lesson outlines the presentation of materials to students regarding the Executive Branch of government. It includes a facilitator's guide, a list of materials, student/parent guide, and student performance. See the additional file for the student activity packet.


Government Mini Lesson - The Judicial Branch, Juliana Schwab May 2020

Government Mini Lesson - The Judicial Branch, Juliana Schwab

Lesson Plans

This mini-lesson outlines the presentation of materials to students regarding the Judicial Branch of government. It includes a facilitator's guide, a list of materials, student/parent guide, and student performance. See the additional file for the student activity packet.


Government Mini Lesson -The Legislative Branch, Juliana Schwab May 2020

Government Mini Lesson -The Legislative Branch, Juliana Schwab

Lesson Plans

This mini-lesson outlines the presentation of materials to students regarding the Legislative Branch of government. It includes a facilitator's guide, a list of materials, student/parent guide, and student performance. See the additional file for the student activity packet.


Welcoming Our Immigrant Students: Using Folklore To Bridge The Gap In Multicultural Classrooms, Amy L. Powers May 2020

Welcoming Our Immigrant Students: Using Folklore To Bridge The Gap In Multicultural Classrooms, Amy L. Powers

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The United States is a country historically made up of immigrants. Our shores have been a beacon of hope to travelers from all over the world and today is no different. The U.S. borders are flooded with people trying to make a better life for themselves and their families. Whether they are chasing the “American dream” or escaping violence and poverty in their home country, they come to the United States seeking hope and change. Sadly, we live in a time where immigration is at the forefront of news and not always portrayed in a positive light. Our students ...


Physical Activity And Its Impact On Cognitive Development, William Holland May 2020

Physical Activity And Its Impact On Cognitive Development, William Holland

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The educational system largely is associated with academic assessments and sitting at a desk or on a computer for a majority of the school day. Another part of the education system that is often overlooked is caring for the child health and well-being. Education is more than tests and homework and can be facilitated by other methods that don’t encourage a sedentary lifestyle. The purpose of this synthesis project is to determine what impact physical activity can have on cognitive development, cognitive function and overall brain health. Results have shown that even a single bout of exercise can have ...


Remote Learning Assignment, Ryan Schneider May 2020

Remote Learning Assignment, Ryan Schneider

Lesson Plans

No abstract provided.


Teaching Rational, Irrational, And Pythagorean Theorem Online, Matthew Mccabe May 2020

Teaching Rational, Irrational, And Pythagorean Theorem Online, Matthew Mccabe

Lesson Plans

This unit consists of two parts. The first part is a study of the numbers system. The second part is a study of the Pythagorean Theorem. The central focus of this unit involves students deepening their understanding of rational and irrational numbers though simplifying and estimating numbers. In this unit, students must have the ability to identify what rational and irrational numbers are (NY-NS.1). Then students learn about perfect squares and cubes (NY-EE.2). Students are going to need that knowledge to estimate the value of non-perfect squares and cubes. Then to conclude the unit, students must place rational ...


The Benefits Of Physical Activity And Sport On Mental Health And Well-Being In School-Aged Children, Ian Gilhousen Dec 2019

The Benefits Of Physical Activity And Sport On Mental Health And Well-Being In School-Aged Children, Ian Gilhousen

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

There is research that concludes that there are benefits of physical activity for young children. However, there is an area of research which is lacking the benefits that physical activity and sport have on mental health and well-being in school-aged children, specifically. Therefore, the purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on the benefits of physical activity and sport on mental health and well-being in school-aged children. Results determined that there are significant benefits, and a correlation between physical activity participation and overall mental health in school-aged children.


Concussion Assessment Management In High School And Collegiate Athletics, Erin Mcneely Dec 2019

Concussion Assessment Management In High School And Collegiate Athletics, Erin Mcneely

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Research indicates that protocol regarding concussion assessment management at the high school and collegiate level is advancing, however, there are holes in consistency that need to be filled in order to ensure accuracy. The purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on concussion assessment management in high school and collegiate athletics. The results indicate that the lack of consistency comes as a direct result of key factors including a school’s lack of funding and lack of resources, the emphasis placed on the self-efficacy of athletic trainers, and the willingness of athletic trainers to follow guidelines provided for ...


Parents' Understanding Of The Impact On Sport Specialization, Samuel Lacelle Dec 2019

Parents' Understanding Of The Impact On Sport Specialization, Samuel Lacelle

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis project was to review the literature on parents’ understanding of the impact on sport specialization. An extensive literature review was completed in order to properly examine all the information available regarding the parent’s role when it comes to their child’s participation in sport and whether or not they are specializing in a specific sport. This review was done so by examining 16 peer reviewed articles on multiple web data bases. The research concluded that there should be a high emphasis on the child’s motor development at an early age (Goodway and Robinson ...


Literature Healing, Courtney Robinson Dec 2019

Literature Healing, Courtney Robinson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Using young adult literature (YAL) as a tool to bring awareness to mental health can provide a solution for the concerning rise of mental health issues being experienced by adolescents. It is evident that students need guidance and conversations about dealing with struggles they face such as depression, suicide, sexuality, and bullying. In order to use YAL as an effective tool, educators need access to texts that include characters experiencing mental health and psychological issues. Along with training, educators need to know how to convey and connect the information within the texts due to the density of the topics being ...


Barriers To Physical Activity In Adolescents, Nicole Vojtisek Dec 2019

Barriers To Physical Activity In Adolescents, Nicole Vojtisek

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Abstract

Physical activity is an important component to living a healthy lifestyle; however, adolescents’ physical activity levels are often very low. Thus, the purpose of this synthesis was to examine barriers adolescents face when it comes to being physically active and find out how they can be prevented or overcome. The critical mass revealed several internal and external barriers that adolescents face. These include lack of motivation/interest, lack of resources, and increased screen time. Since the research is examining adolescents, parents also played a large role in the studies. In order to address some of the barriers, strategies focused ...


High School Chemistry Curricular Redesign: The Spiral Curriculum, John Posillico Dec 2019

High School Chemistry Curricular Redesign: The Spiral Curriculum, John Posillico

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this project is to highlight the effectiveness of interleaved practice, commonly referred to as the Spiral Curriculum. Embedded in interleaved practice is the process of forgetting. The robust body of research that serves as the foundation for this project supports the idea that randomized presentation of material that students have had previous exposure to fosters stronger learning. Students that experience an interleaved curriculum show more success with retention of concepts than students who receive blocked or repetitive instruction. This project outlines a Spiral Curriculum in a high school chemistry classroom. It includes lesson plans, assessments, and activity ...


You Can Handle The Truth: How To Create A Caring Classroom Culture In Which To Address Uncomfortable Topics, Delia Andalora Dec 2019

You Can Handle The Truth: How To Create A Caring Classroom Culture In Which To Address Uncomfortable Topics, Delia Andalora

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

High school teachers have the job of equipping students with a set of skills and knowledge that will help them be successful, functioning members of society in this complex world. Unfortunately, public schools across the country are failing to adequately prepare young adults for the adversity that each of us must inevitably face in our lives. By avoiding topics such as race, sexuality, sexism, immigration, and other topics because they are uncomfortable, teachers are lying to their students about the world which can lead to a pervasive and damaging ignorance. Creating a caring classroom in which teachers and students respect ...


The Impact Of Performance Anxiety On Female Athletes, Nina Barbero Dec 2019

The Impact Of Performance Anxiety On Female Athletes, Nina Barbero

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis is to examine the impact of performance anxiety on female athletes. Articles reviewed were aimed at answering two questions, what are the major sources that contribute to performance anxiety, and how does anxiety impact female athletes. Delimiting variables were used to do an exhaustive data-based search which yielded 10 articles. The research studies synthesized through this project were analyzed with the goal of concluding about the impact of performance anxiety on female athletes. It was revealed that while females experience higher levels of cognitive anxiety compared to males, cognitive and somatic anxiety increases from training ...


Parent’S Perspectives Of Physical Activity Recreational Programs For Their Children With Disabilities, Scott Caracci Dec 2019

Parent’S Perspectives Of Physical Activity Recreational Programs For Their Children With Disabilities, Scott Caracci

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to examine parent's perspectives of physical activity recreational programs for their children with disabilities. The studies in the critical mass reviewed the different perceptions that parents relayed including benefits and positive outcomes such as, children being able to see themselves be successful and having their social skills increase as well as barriers to successful inclusion such as, not having the right equipment, not finding a program that works with their child or not being able to trust staff know how to appropriately work with their child. They also identified opportunities that could enhance ...


Positive Relationship Physical Activity Has On Cognitive Function In High School Students, Nicholas Zaccarella Dec 2019

Positive Relationship Physical Activity Has On Cognitive Function In High School Students, Nicholas Zaccarella

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Research shows a link between physical activity and cognitive function. This connection sheds light on the idea that physical activity can improve cognitive function. Penning et al., (2017) mentions that adolescents have high levels of sedentary behavior which makes them vulnerable for health concerns. During the school day students spend most of their time sitting and staying at a resting heart rate. Vazou, Pesce, Lakes, and Smiley-Owen (2019) found consistent evidence that aerobic or motor skill physical activity, enhanced children’s spatial abilities and working memory. Many hours were spent searching through data bases to find articles on this topic ...


Physical Activity Patterns Of Students From Low-Socioeconomic Status, Elizabeth Johnson Dec 2019

Physical Activity Patterns Of Students From Low-Socioeconomic Status, Elizabeth Johnson

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Research indicates that in today’s society, there is less and less physical activity happening amongst young children from low-socioeconomic households. The purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on physical activity patterns and behaviors of children from low socioeconomic families. Teachers, families, and communities can have an impact on the lives of these children. Results indicate that there are ways we can increase physical activity and positive behaviors amongst low-socioeconomic youth.


A Spiraling Curriculum Project On Factoring For Grade 7-Algebra 2, Marissa Meehan Dec 2019

A Spiraling Curriculum Project On Factoring For Grade 7-Algebra 2, Marissa Meehan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum project was designed in response to the shift to the New York State Next Generation Standards to help teachers implement the updated standards for factoring in grades 7-12. These standards depend on spiraling curricula, but this aspect is often lost in implementation. This curriculum project provides units on factoring spanning grades 7, 8 (Pre-Algebra), Algebra I and Algebra II. This project has an emphasis on Mathematics Practice Standards 7 and 8.


The Truth Still Matters: Teaching Information Literacy To Combat Fake News And Alternative Facts, Alexander Mulroy Dec 2019

The Truth Still Matters: Teaching Information Literacy To Combat Fake News And Alternative Facts, Alexander Mulroy

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As the way we consume information has changed over the last two decades, so too have methods of deception and misinformation. It is clear that unlimited access to information has been equal parts enlightening and confusing as determining the truth becomes increasingly difficult. Despite popular wisdom which suggests that today’s young people are inherently skilled at assessing the credibility of online sources, evidence has shown that this could not be further from the truth. We can no longer view information literacy as merely a helpful skill for writing essays now that fake news and misinformation have proven their powers ...


Improving Depth Of Student Understanding Of Physics Content Using Standards Based Grading, Elizabeth Carbone Dec 2019

Improving Depth Of Student Understanding Of Physics Content Using Standards Based Grading, Elizabeth Carbone

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Much of the research in education shows that grading and reporting are foundational elements in every educational system, but the key to keeping the system healthy is making the grades meaningful. Through this process, this study established multiple qualities necessary for effective grading methods based on the most current and up-to-date research studies. Teachers, parents, and administration are constantly referring to the significance of students grades. Students are consistently encouraged to increase their grades and are told that these grades will affect how they do in life. However, even with a continual focus on grades and grading policies, many studies ...


Developing Phenomena-Based Storylines For Middle School Next Generation Science Standard Units, Kelly Russo Dec 2019

Developing Phenomena-Based Storylines For Middle School Next Generation Science Standard Units, Kelly Russo

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

With the publication and subsequent work of teachers toward implementation of the Next Generation Science Standards, the need for newer and more engaging methods to teach science must be developed. One of the greatest challenges to this shift is the current lack of curricular materials that reflect these changes, especially at the middle school level. This new three-dimensional learning approach requires the creation of new curriculum materials to allow these changes to take effect in the classroom. One such method that has been instituted to meet the demands of these new challenges is the development and use of the Next ...


The Effects Of Physical Activity On Inappropriate Behaviors Of School-Aged Students With Autism Spectrum Disorders, Rachel Sherman Dec 2019

The Effects Of Physical Activity On Inappropriate Behaviors Of School-Aged Students With Autism Spectrum Disorders, Rachel Sherman

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Abstract

The purpose of this synthesis was to examine the effects of physical activity on inappropriate behaviors of school-aged students with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Inappropriate behaviors can include: hitting, biting, screaming, kicking and swearing. In particular the following research questions were examined: What types of inappropriate behaviors are exhibited by students with Autism Spectrum Disorder during physical activity? Does physical activity help to eliminate or reduce inappropriate behaviors of students with Autism Spectrum Disorder during physical activity? Which forms of physical activity have demonstrated the most effective ways to eliminate or reduce inappropriate behaviors of students with Autism Spectrum Disorder ...


The Effects Of Peer Tutoring On School-Aged Students With Moderate To Severe Disabilities In Physical Education, Abbey Hume Dec 2019

The Effects Of Peer Tutoring On School-Aged Students With Moderate To Severe Disabilities In Physical Education, Abbey Hume

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to examine the existing scholarly knowledge regarding impact of peer tutoring programs on students with disabilities and typically developing students in physical education. Previous research identified several factors that contributed to the benefits and barriers of peer tutoring programs in physical education. Studies reviewed within the critical mass had common themes such as increase in socialization among students, engagement in activities, and improvement of skills. Common barriers that were discovered included, time consuming program, non-trained peer tutors, and peer tutors not participating in activities. Peer tutoring is an instructional strategy that is thought to ...


Reaction Rates In Chemistry: A Learning Segment Using The 5e/Grc Instructional Model, Corey Hollister Dec 2019

Reaction Rates In Chemistry: A Learning Segment Using The 5e/Grc Instructional Model, Corey Hollister

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The following project utilizes the 5E Instructional Sequence and the Gather, Reason, Communicate Instructional Sequence to promote a single-cohesive learning segment. The content covered is that of chemical reactions specifically discussed in the Next Generation Science Standards as HS-PS1-5. Included are a literature review, the learning segment, materials, student prompts, and the rationale behind the various parts of the segment.


The Barriers To Physical Activity For Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorders And Strategies For Overcoming These Barriers, Bridgette Varin Oct 2019

The Barriers To Physical Activity For Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorders And Strategies For Overcoming These Barriers, Bridgette Varin

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis is to examine the barriers to physical activity (PA) for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and strategies for overcoming these barriers. Individuals with ASD face more barriers to PA than their typically developing peers, and therefore, tend to lead less active lifestyles (Must et al., 2015). This can lead to limited motor coordination, health-related issues, and hypokinetic diseases for individuals with ASD (Case & Yun, 2015). The research studies synthesized through this project were analyzed in hopes of uncovering commonly cited barriers to PA for individuals with ASD and strategies for overcoming these barriers. Understanding ...


The Impact Of Extrinsic Motivation On Athletic Performance, Timothy Petranchuk Jr. Oct 2019

The Impact Of Extrinsic Motivation On Athletic Performance, Timothy Petranchuk Jr.

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Youth participation in sports include recreational, organized, informal programs as well as Olympic hopefuls. These young athletes can have positive or negative experiences from their participation in sports. Perhaps an important aspect of what makes those experiences either positive or negative is how they are motivated to participate in these activities. Motivation in these young athletes can come in various ways. One main theme found in the literature that has a direct influence on their experiences is extrinsic motivation. It is important to understand how these athletes' performances are affected by outside influences, such as parents, coaches and peers. This ...