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Iowa State University

1988

Theses/Dissertations

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Articles 1 - 30 of 49

Full-Text Articles in Education

The Effects Of Pet Presence And Counselor Blindness On The Efficacy Of A Counseling Session , Joellen Mcadams Jan 1988

The Effects Of Pet Presence And Counselor Blindness On The Efficacy Of A Counseling Session , Joellen Mcadams

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of pet presence and counselor blindness on the efficacy of a counseling session;Counselor effectiveness was assessed by using three Counselor Rating Scales, the Confidence for Counseling Outcomes Expectancy Scale, the Continuation of Counseling Scale, and the Counselor Traits Scale;An Animal Affinity Instrument was developed to assess subjects' relationship to animals. The Attitudes Toward Disabled Persons Scales was utilized to assess attitudes toward disabled persons. Two sets of videotaped vignettes of the same counseling session were developed. The first set of videotaped vignettes was comprised of two treatment groups ...


Selecting Criteria For The Evaluation Of School Counselors Based On Item Discrimination Power , Perry L. Uhl Jan 1988

Selecting Criteria For The Evaluation Of School Counselors Based On Item Discrimination Power , Perry L. Uhl

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted for the purpose of identifying discriminating, reliable, and valid criteria for evaluating counselor perfermance which could be used by local schools in constructing a new or refining an existing evaluation instrument. Data were collected by having 1,004 principals/supervisors, teachers, and counselors complete a 74-item questionnaire to determine which criteria had the ability to separate high counselor performance from that of average and poor performance;Fifty-eight counselors from seven school districts located in Kansas, Texas, Indiana, and Virginia volunteered to participate in this research effort. Each of the 45 secondary and 13 elementary counselors were ...


A Study Of Teachers' Opinions Of Alternative Compensation Plans , Donna Kay Wilkin Jan 1988

A Study Of Teachers' Opinions Of Alternative Compensation Plans , Donna Kay Wilkin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There were three primary purposes of the study. The first was to determine teachers' opinions of alternative compensation plans including: (a) reward components, (b) evaluation components, and (c) overall type of plan. The six types of plans studied were: "Merit Pay with Salary Schedule", "Merit Pay Without Salary Schedule", "Monetary Incentives", "Nonmonetary Incentives", "Career Ladders", and "Supplemental Pay". The second purpose was to determine whether teachers with certain characteristics differ in their ratings of alternative compensation plans from teachers with other characteristics. The third purpose was to determine whether teachers' ratings of alternative compensation plans change after the development of ...


The Relationship Between Perceived Supportive/Defensive Communication Behaviors Of Adult Education Instructors And The Decision To Drop Out Or Persist By Adult Learners , Denise Ann Vrchota Jan 1988

The Relationship Between Perceived Supportive/Defensive Communication Behaviors Of Adult Education Instructors And The Decision To Drop Out Or Persist By Adult Learners , Denise Ann Vrchota

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of adult educators' supportive and defensive communication behaviors on the dropout and persistence decisions of adult learners. Eighty-five adult learners at a community college completed the Personality and Educational Environmental Survey (PEES), the Communication Climate Questionnaire (CCQ), and a demographic questionnaire;The PEES identified which subjects would persist in or drop their classes. The CCQ measured subjects' perceptions of adult educators' supportive and defensive communication behaviors. The demographic questionnaire provided general information about subjects and their participation history in adult education and also identified motivations for participating in the current ...


Predictors Of Supervisors' Referrals Of Employees To An Employee Assistance Program , Janet Lovell Nord Jan 1988

Predictors Of Supervisors' Referrals Of Employees To An Employee Assistance Program , Janet Lovell Nord

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine what variables are associated with supervisors' referrals or nonreferrals of subordinates to an EAP. Variables selected for the study included variables found in prior research to be associated with referral or nonreferral and additional variables suggested by the human performance model of Gilbert (1978). Supervisors at the Iowa Department of Transportation (IDOT) were surveyed through in-house mail to measure their responses on variables found to be associated with referral or nonreferral. Supervisors were identified as referrers or nonreferrers based on the EAPs records. Discriminant analysis was used to determine which of the ...


Maternal Behavior And Child Competence , Janet Nieuwsma Melby Jan 1988

Maternal Behavior And Child Competence , Janet Nieuwsma Melby

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Changes in maternal behavior associated with changes in the age of the child; relationships among maternal behavior, child competence, and family social status; and prediction of child competence using objective and subjective assessments of mothers and children were the focus of the longitudinal research. Fifty-two mothers and their first-born children were assessed when the children were 3, and 4 years old. Forty-eight of the dyads also were assessed when the children were 5 years old. Maternal affective and directive behaviors occurring in a video-recorded mother-child problem-solving situation at assessment Yrs 1 and 2 were observed using the Parent-Child Interaction Code ...


Parent Influence On Academic Achievement: An Idiographic Study , William Benjamin Matthew Jan 1988

Parent Influence On Academic Achievement: An Idiographic Study , William Benjamin Matthew

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The research literature suggests that frequent parental knowledge of their child's academic achievement is a necessary, but perhaps not a sufficient, condition for an improvement in achievement. Parents who are provided with frequent feedback about their child's academic achievement, along with a systematic method to manage their child's achievement, may be able to improve achievement in the absence of any systematic in-school intervention.


Rating Teacher Performance To Determine Career Ladder Advancement: An Analysis Of Bias And Reliability , David W. Peterson Jan 1988

Rating Teacher Performance To Determine Career Ladder Advancement: An Analysis Of Bias And Reliability , David W. Peterson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purposes of this investigation were to analyze the effect of rater bias and to determine the degree of reliability of teacher evaluation ratings from a school district using a career ladder advancement system for teachers. This analysis attempted to establish the degree to which the evaluations reflected true differences in teaching performance rather than biases held by the rater or the inability of raters to produce consistent results over time;Approximately 34,000 completed copies of the formative appraisal instrument used by a large urban school district during the 1985-86 school year were obtained for analysis. Samples were ...


Perceptions Of Selected Educators Of The Quality Of Instruction In Secondary Vocational Agriculture Programs , Herschel Paul Weeks Jan 1988

Perceptions Of Selected Educators Of The Quality Of Instruction In Secondary Vocational Agriculture Programs , Herschel Paul Weeks

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to assess the perceptions held by selected educators of the quality of secondary vocational agriculture programs and instruction in Iowa. The specific objectives of the research were to: (1) determine the perceptions of selected educators toward the effectiveness and quality of agriculture programs in Iowa; (2) determine the perceptions of selected educators toward the effectiveness and quality of instruction in vocational agriculture in Iowa; and (3) assess the relationship between selected factors and perceived effectiveness of instruction and quality of secondary agriculture programs;The population studied consisted of agriculture teachers, counselors, superintendents and principals ...


The Relationship Of Field Dependence/Independence To Reading For The Main Idea In Adult Learners Of English As A Second Language, Danik Inger Wold Jan 1988

The Relationship Of Field Dependence/Independence To Reading For The Main Idea In Adult Learners Of English As A Second Language, Danik Inger Wold

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Attitudes Of High School Students In Small Rural Schools Toward Interactive Satellite Instruction, Janet Kaye Johnson Jan 1988

Attitudes Of High School Students In Small Rural Schools Toward Interactive Satellite Instruction, Janet Kaye Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Effectiveness Of Summer Orientation Programs On Retention And Subsequent Academic Performance Of Minority Students: A Look At Sep, Marion Rosetta Sanford Jan 1988

The Effectiveness Of Summer Orientation Programs On Retention And Subsequent Academic Performance Of Minority Students: A Look At Sep, Marion Rosetta Sanford

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Computer-Aided Instructional Tool For The Teaching Of Real-Time On-Line Statistical Process Control, Renford Adolphus Benito Brevett Jan 1988

A Computer-Aided Instructional Tool For The Teaching Of Real-Time On-Line Statistical Process Control, Renford Adolphus Benito Brevett

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Relationships Of Teacher Perceptions And Administrator Time On Instructional Leadership With School Learning Climate , Karyn Meacham Dzyacky Jan 1988

The Relationships Of Teacher Perceptions And Administrator Time On Instructional Leadership With School Learning Climate , Karyn Meacham Dzyacky

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this investigation was to analyze the relationship of administrator time on instructional leadership, teacher perceptions about instructional leadership, and school effects which measured school learning climate. This analysis attempted to establish a causal pattern among the variables which would explain the way these variables combine to influence school effects. A review of literature suggested a conceptual framework representing the relationships between the variables. The Dynamics of Instructional Leadership Model was hypothesized a priori to the data analysis which tested cause-and-effect patterns within the total model;Forty-one school buildings were the units of analysis for this study ...


The Development Of A Needs Assessment Instrument For Summer Orientation Students Through The Use Of A Modified Delphi Technique, Mary Celine Moore Jan 1988

The Development Of A Needs Assessment Instrument For Summer Orientation Students Through The Use Of A Modified Delphi Technique, Mary Celine Moore

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Perceptions Of Iowa Vocational Agricultural Teachers Regarding Teaching Methods Used In Agricultural Education, Adekunbi Olufunke Odubiyi Jan 1988

Perceptions Of Iowa Vocational Agricultural Teachers Regarding Teaching Methods Used In Agricultural Education, Adekunbi Olufunke Odubiyi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Comparative Study Of Stress Related Factors In The Work Environment Of The Student Personnel Administrator , Bruce D. Lavant Jan 1988

A Comparative Study Of Stress Related Factors In The Work Environment Of The Student Personnel Administrator , Bruce D. Lavant

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this investigation was to study the work environment, job position, and life events or situations that administrators consider to be stressful and could possibly have implications or might hinder their job performance; and to discover what approaches or techniques these administrators use to cope with stress;The sample consisted of 400 student personnel administrators from institutions of higher learning in the midwestern region of the United States. The subjects were randomly selected from current rosters of the National Association of Student Personnel Administrators and the Mid-America Association of Educational Opportunity Program Personnel. Each administrator was asked to ...


The Effects Of Performance Appraisal Training On The Skills And Confidence Levels Of Teacher Evaluators And Trainers Of Teacher Evaluators , Leonard Anthony Mcintyre Jan 1988

The Effects Of Performance Appraisal Training On The Skills And Confidence Levels Of Teacher Evaluators And Trainers Of Teacher Evaluators , Leonard Anthony Mcintyre

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined whether training would increase the level of confidence of school administrators in selected teacher evaluation components;A cross section of Iowa's administrators and supervisory personnel, both in terms of level of experience and geographical location, were represented. The sixty-four participants included 12 superintendents, 13 secondary principals, 18 elementary principals, 18 supervisory personnel and 3 college professors representing 11 females and 53 males;A pretest/posttest design was used. The data were collected using the Teacher Performance Rating Scale and the Supervisory Attitude Survey. Statistical treatment of the data was completed using the Statistical Package for the ...


Financial Management Competencies Of Money Managers: Bases For Household Net Worth And Satisfaction , Patricia Mahoney Titus Jan 1988

Financial Management Competencies Of Money Managers: Bases For Household Net Worth And Satisfaction , Patricia Mahoney Titus

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to examine the relationships between the financial management competencies of household money managers and the financial well-being of the household. Money managers in 123 households in central Iowa were interviewed during fall 1986. The interview schedule had questions related to financial management knowledge, planning and implementing practices, satisfaction with the household's financial situation, net income, assets and liabilities. A path analysis model of a systems approach to family resource management was tested. Further, analyses of covariance were computed to determine the effect of knowledge on money manager's behaviors and outputs;The typical household money ...


Adapting Community College Student Services To Meet The Needs Of Non-Traditional Women Students , Edna Cascioli Smith Jan 1988

Adapting Community College Student Services To Meet The Needs Of Non-Traditional Women Students , Edna Cascioli Smith

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine whether non-traditional female students (25 years or older) differ significantly from traditional age students in demographic profile, awareness, and usage of services and in perception of the learning environment;The study also sought to measure any significant differences between the two colleges used for the study and their respective main and satellite campuses when compared on the same variables;A questionnaire was administered to 500 female students whose classes and programs had been randomly drawn Spring 1987. Participation was voluntary;Two hundred fifty usable surveys were returned resulting in a response rate ...


Teacher Absenteeism: Characteristics And Implications In Selected Iowa School Districts , Anthony V. Spencer Jan 1988

Teacher Absenteeism: Characteristics And Implications In Selected Iowa School Districts , Anthony V. Spencer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The consequences of employee absences can have a significant effect on an organization's expected outcomes. The problem of this study is to determine what effect, if any, teacher absences have on school district costs (dollar and time) as well as the effect of teacher absences on student learning;The overall goal was to provide insight into the characteristics that might help schools predict when and how often absences might occur, and to provide recommendations that will help school districts manage or reduce absences;In an attempt to provide answers to these questions, this investigation sought information in the following ...


The Effect Of Using A Computer Assisted Career Guidance System On Career Development Attitudes, Knowledge, And Behaviors In Students , Brian Archie Seeger Jan 1988

The Effect Of Using A Computer Assisted Career Guidance System On Career Development Attitudes, Knowledge, And Behaviors In Students , Brian Archie Seeger

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Computer assisted career guidance systems were designed to combine the power of computers with career development theory to assist students in self assessment, career exploration, occupational and educational planning and decision making. Two systems used at educational institutions are DISCOVER (American College Testing Program), and System of Interactive Guidance and Information, abbreviated SIGI-PLUS (Educational Testing Service). There has been limited research examining what effect these systems have on career development in students. This study examined what effect using SIGI-PLUS had on career related attitudes, knowledge, and activity. The study also examined effects of gender, type of directions, and gender/treatment ...


Assessment Of Happiness Among Young Adults: A Construct Validation Study , Cynthia L. Taylor Jan 1988

Assessment Of Happiness Among Young Adults: A Construct Validation Study , Cynthia L. Taylor

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument which would be capable of identifying sources of perceived happiness potentially related to a university population. This process involved hypothesizing a priori sources of happiness, developing an instrument, then collecting and analyzing data among several American and International groups at Iowa State University. The Actual and Ideal Happiness Scale (AIHS) was developed as the result of this process;A total of 831 subjects participated in this study; 301 subjects were used in the development of the pilot study instrument (Current Happiness Scale) and 530 subjects were used in the development ...


An Analysis Of The Impacts Of Household Size And Composition On Food Expenditure In Haiti , Deepa Majumdar Jan 1988

An Analysis Of The Impacts Of Household Size And Composition On Food Expenditure In Haiti , Deepa Majumdar

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this study, the problem of malnutrition in Haiti is examined from a food expenditure perspective. Using data from the Haiti household consumer expenditure survey, first a tabular analysis is done to describe the food expenditure patterns. Then, the effects of household size and composition, and total expenditure on food expenditures are examined by estimating Engel relationships. Household composition is introduced in the general and specific scales, and household size effects models. Income elasticities and weights for six age-sex categories are calculated from the parameter estimates. The empirical findings are used to describe the impacts of household size and composition ...


The Development And Testing Of An Optical Scanner-Based System Of Classroom Data Analysis , Thomas G. Wicks Iii Jan 1988

The Development And Testing Of An Optical Scanner-Based System Of Classroom Data Analysis , Thomas G. Wicks Iii

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to develop a data gathering technique which has all the advantages of verbatim data capture coupled with the ease of data input, storage, and analysis by a microcomputer coupled with an optical, mark-scanning machine. The problem for this study was to develop and test a comprehensive list of teacher behavior descriptors to be used as a resource in interpreting holistic data capture during a classroom observation and to develop a means for encoding all necessary data describing salient teachers' and students' classroom behaviors in a format suitable for optical scanner input to a microcomputer ...


A Factor Analysis Approach To Job Characteristics Items Of Iowa State Teacher Education Students And Graduates Using Selected Variables , Micheal Anthony Boatwright Jan 1988

A Factor Analysis Approach To Job Characteristics Items Of Iowa State Teacher Education Students And Graduates Using Selected Variables , Micheal Anthony Boatwright

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of this investigation was to examine the clustering of eighteen items of job characteristics of students and graduates of the teacher preparation program at Iowa State University. The study was based on longitudinal research data collected by the Research Institute for Studies in Education at Iowa State University of students enrolled in a beginning teacher course (Education 204) and graduates of the teacher education program at various stages in their careers (graduation from the teacher preparation program, one year following graduation and five years following graduation). The variables selected for this study included gender, teaching status, teaching ...


Anticipatory Set Bias: Effects On Teacher Observation In Evaluation , Diana Marie Bourisaw Jan 1988

Anticipatory Set Bias: Effects On Teacher Observation In Evaluation , Diana Marie Bourisaw

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purposes of this investigation were to (1) examine teacher evaluation ratings from five groups participating in teacher evaluation training in an effort to assess the level of anticipatory set bias, and (2) to assess the effect of teacher evaluation training and teacher evaluation experience on anticipatory set bias. This analysis attempted to establish the degree to which an effective or ineffective set influences evaluator ratings of teacher overall performance and teaching strategies independent of anticipatory set;One hundred six educators involved in teacher evaluation training in Erie, Pennsylvania; Fort Wayne, Indiana; Independence, Kansas; and Ames, Iowa provided data ...


Time Management Strategy, Job Satisfaction, Research Productivity, And Life Satisfaction Of University Faculty , Yonsuk Lee Chung Jan 1988

Time Management Strategy, Job Satisfaction, Research Productivity, And Life Satisfaction Of University Faculty , Yonsuk Lee Chung

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purposes of this study were to examine the factors affecting time management strategies used by faculty and to investigate the relationships between use of time management strategies and job satisfaction, research productivity, and life satisfaction. A stratified random sample of 275 faculty at Iowa State University were mailed questionnaires assessing time management behaviors, life and job satisfaction, demographic and family information, and work performance. Data analyses included descriptive statistics, factor analyses, Pearson product moment correlation analyses, canonical correlation analyses, and stepwise multiple regression analyses;Results of the study indicated that the time management strategies used by faculty members ...


Two Perspectives On Gifted Students: Time One Of A Longitudinal Study Of Academically Gifted Iowa Students, And Program Evaluation Of Cy-Tag, A Summer Residential Program For Highly Gifted Seventh And Eighth Grade Students , Linda Delbridge-Parker Jan 1988

Two Perspectives On Gifted Students: Time One Of A Longitudinal Study Of Academically Gifted Iowa Students, And Program Evaluation Of Cy-Tag, A Summer Residential Program For Highly Gifted Seventh And Eighth Grade Students , Linda Delbridge-Parker

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research consisted of two studies. First, benchmark data were collected and summarized for Time One of a time-series/longitudinal study of highly gifted Iowa students. Subjects were 417 seventh and eighth graders who were named Duke Talent Identification Program finalists;Most students were living with their natural parents who were characterized by high levels of education and employment in professional and technical occupations. Most respondents anticipated career choices in the professional and technical categories. Nearly all subjects reported plans to attend college, with public universities being named most often. Students were evenly divided on preferences for in- or out-of-state ...


An Examination Of Iowa's Elementary School Principals' Strategies For Managing Reading Programs , Peter C. Nwaogu Jan 1988

An Examination Of Iowa's Elementary School Principals' Strategies For Managing Reading Programs , Peter C. Nwaogu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purposes of this study were (a) to examine selected reading management practices used by Iowa elementary principals, (b) to determine the impediments to managing reading programs as perceived by Iowa's elementary principals, and (c) to examine the relationships between selected practices and factors such as principal experience and role and size of school and district, as well as how these factors influence Iowa elementary principals' perceptions of perceived impediments;This research used data collected from a survey instrument developed and administered by Dr. Charles Railsback of Iowa State University. The questions pertaining to instructional managment of the ...