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Full-Text Articles in Education

Implication Of Class Size Reduction For Upper Grades, Betsy A. Spanagel Dec 2009

Implication Of Class Size Reduction For Upper Grades, Betsy A. Spanagel

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Government officials, policymakers, school districts and teachers have questioned the impact of class size on students’ achievement, engagement, and behavior. This thesis project examines the challenges and benefits to class size initiatives and proposes an extension from elementary grades through high school as a means to raise student achievement and involvement. It discusses prior research efforts such as Project STAR, which was conducted in Tennessee, and its significance in establishing benchmarks for studying smaller class size with regard to ethnicity, gender, and socioeconomic status. Further historical research considers: class size reduction initiatives as they link to student achievement, comparison of ...


Retention And Attrition In Higher Education: Demographic Characteristics And Therole Of The Secondary School, Michael J. Celento Dec 2008

Retention And Attrition In Higher Education: Demographic Characteristics And Therole Of The Secondary School, Michael J. Celento

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The withdrawal rate in higher education, student attrition, is an increasing area of concern and challenge for institutions at the collegiate level. There are more students who leave before their degree is finished than those who stay. Research highlights multiple factors that lead to attrition and different strategies to address the dilemma. While it is difficult to pinpoint a particular reason why attrition continues to be such a persistent problem, the factors that lead to it can be differentiated into six categories: demographic characteristics, institutional factors, student-level factors, factors beyond institutional or student control, student-institution compatibility, and extraneous factors. This ...


The Immigration Movement From 1880 To Present Day, Elizabeth Barton Grizzanti Dec 2008

The Immigration Movement From 1880 To Present Day, Elizabeth Barton Grizzanti

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Immigration is an important topic for today’s upper level high school student as it has bearing on Regents level exams and on today’s societal challenges as we address illegal immigration, its problems and solutions. The central question of this project is simply stated – what are the implications of web-based instruction in a high school history curriculum? In an effort to better equip students and educational peers, this three-part thesis project provides a comprehensive set of lessons on immigration in the United States and a section intended for website use. The first section examines US immigration from 1880-1925 and ...


Effective Approaches For Teaching Revision, Jerome James O'Neill Aug 2008

Effective Approaches For Teaching Revision, Jerome James O'Neill

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Beyond the grammatical slip, punctuation error, or misspelled word, revision is a fundamental skill that resides at the very heart of the writing and thinking process. This thesis project highlights concerns over students’ and teachers’ similar disdain for the revision process in composition. It suggests the overarching importance of this benchmark skill in all disciplines as a means to deepen consideration of issues and ideas. The concept of revision as more than correction--as a re-seeing and re-thinking--can enable students to be better prepared for further academic pursuits and extends from the classroom to life and vocation. The comprehensive literature review ...


A Technologically Enriched Geometry Curriculum, Nicholas W. Drollette Aug 2008

A Technologically Enriched Geometry Curriculum, Nicholas W. Drollette

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Mathematics education cannot be viewed as a static science. As times change and students' experiences are altered by their constantly evolving environments, educators of all disciplines must make adjustments that reflect these changes. Careful development of technologically enriched and visually stimulating lessons is essential to the success of mathematics education. In order to gain greater understanding of the power of partnering technology and geometry curriculum, this research project asks two main questions: how the use of technology affects student motivation and engagement in a geometry class and how a technologically enriched geometry curriculum can be created and implemented. The researcher ...


United States Foreign Policy From The Marshall Plan Through Iraqi Reconstruction*, Justin Marino Aug 2008

United States Foreign Policy From The Marshall Plan Through Iraqi Reconstruction*, Justin Marino

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The Marshall Plan, expressed to the world by Secretary of State George C. Marshall in a speech at Harvard University in 1947, was proposed to resolve the economic need left behind by the devastation of Europe during the conflict of World War II. Cities and towns, industry and agriculture, transportation and commerce lay in ruins. The only major power not damaged in the conflict was the United States. Although US financial and military aid was already present in European countries, Marshall believed the solution to political stability in Western Europe was to be found primarily in their economic recovery. In ...


Interactive-Engagement, Conceptual Change, And Self-Efficacy In A Direct Current Unit In A Secondary Physics Course, Daniel M. Hosey Jul 2008

Interactive-Engagement, Conceptual Change, And Self-Efficacy In A Direct Current Unit In A Secondary Physics Course, Daniel M. Hosey

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The interactive-engagement techniques of Peer Instruction and context rich problems were implemented in a secondary physics classroom. The study took place during a three-week direct current unit. The relationships between interactive-engagement, self-efficacy, and conceptual understanding are discussed. The role of gender is also considered. Student perspectives on Peer Instruction and context rich problems are reported and recommendations for implementing these teaching strategies are made.


An Analysis Of Sprawl And Its Alternatives, Cedric Horne Dec 2007

An Analysis Of Sprawl And Its Alternatives, Cedric Horne

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The suburbs have been an integral part of American history since the mid nineteenth century, a period in which cities began growing in an exponential manner. Over the last one hundred and fifty years, urban and suburban areas and what defines them have undergone an incredible metamorphosis. These changes can be identified in the political, social, and economic arenas; some examples include immigration, federal housing policies, single family houses, industrialization, racial discrimination and segregation, and the development of rural lands away from the city center.

Since the end of World War II, much has been written about the topic of ...


Connections In History: Past To Present, Cheryl A. Raleigh Aug 2007

Connections In History: Past To Present, Cheryl A. Raleigh

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis project examines scholarly work on the Black Plague and considers its import on history from an historian’s perspective. The second section explores the modern epidemic, AIDS, as a similar historical event and discusses the modern day response and effect of this “plague.” The third section of the project offers a global history lesson plan based on the central idea that current events guide our understanding of historical moments utilizing the theme magazine method. The year-long instructional package focuses on foundational lessons that teach historical analysis and understanding of primary and secondary sources, strategies for historical document analysis ...


The Effect Of Essential Guiding Questions On Adolescent Learning, Zachary William Abbe Aug 2007

The Effect Of Essential Guiding Questions On Adolescent Learning, Zachary William Abbe

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

What is the purpose of essential or guiding questions in a classroom setting? Do they motivate student learning or develop critical thinking skills? Do they simply review previous lessons or nurture insight into new areas and stimulate students in their academic pursuit? Some institutions have gone so far as to label themselves as Essential Schools, places where curriculum has been centered on student inquiry and exploration in selected subject areas. This thesis project explores the idea of essential questions in aiding student understanding of complex math content. The project was conducted during the fourth quarter of an academic year in ...


Developing An Effective Bilingual Literacy Program For Adolescents With Learning Disabilities, Kelly M. Wise Mar 2007

Developing An Effective Bilingual Literacy Program For Adolescents With Learning Disabilities, Kelly M. Wise

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Literacy intervention for bilingual adolescent special education students is a much needed reality but rarely identified as a primary need for school districts who serve this academic population. This thesis project defines and discusses the challenges inherent in serving such a diverse population, given the many variations of dialect in Spanish-speakers, and the learning disabilities of the students. The project states that teachers need to be knowledgeable about: the linguistic background of the students, the sociocultural influences, the process of second language acquisition and the relationship of native language proficiency as it bears on the development of English skills, the ...


Targeting And Attempting To Correct Common Misconceptions In The High School Chemistry Classroom, Lori Jean Dolgos Dec 2006

Targeting And Attempting To Correct Common Misconceptions In The High School Chemistry Classroom, Lori Jean Dolgos

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

What is it about the nature of high school chemistry that creates obstacles to student learning? What are the common misconceptions? This thesis project notes that many high school chemistry students often struggle with misconceptions about the material. It postulates that these misconceptions are driven by the overwhelming amount of material they must master, the student’s prior “assumed” knowledge which may or may not be correct, and the reality that chemistry content tends to be more abstract in nature than previous science coursework. The project seeks to identify the common misconceptions in the chemistry classroom and create instructional strategies ...


Student Centered Learning In The Chemistry Classroom, Christopher Amesbury Aug 2006

Student Centered Learning In The Chemistry Classroom, Christopher Amesbury

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Students in a chemistry classroom do not always perform to the level they are capable of. One variable that may play a part in this performance is the method the teacher uses to deliver the content. Typically a lecture format is used and students are very passive in this environment. This research focuses on investigating the effectiveness of different strategies that require students to be more active. These strategies included group work, partner work, demonstrations, inquiry lab activities and guided notes. The teacher collected students ' opinions on these strategies by using a survey. Further data was collected by recording teacher ...


Using Formative Assessment To Increase Learning Of Biochemistry In High School Biology, Sheri P. Backus Aug 2006

Using Formative Assessment To Increase Learning Of Biochemistry In High School Biology, Sheri P. Backus

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper reports the outcome of a research project in regards to a biochemistry unit performed in a high school biology cooperative teaching classroom. As a result of difficulties with this topic in previous semesters, the author decided to use a variety of formative assessment teaching strategies with the intent of seeing if student learning, through active participation, would be enhanced. Along with increasing understanding, it was hoped these different assessment tools would improve the success rate of lower achieving students on the unit exam. The findings show that the use of graphic organizers, reflective journals, cooperative groups and open-book ...


Motivational Strategies And Student Participation, Amanda Richards Aug 2006

Motivational Strategies And Student Participation, Amanda Richards

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The lives of today’s students are filled with video games, tablets, HD television, tweets, Facebook, smart phones, and ever increasing technologies. They have grown accustomed to the immediate feedback that technology provides and struggle to complete academic tasks that require persistence. Capturing and holding the attention of students is a daily goal of many educators yet the shrinking attention span and decrease in motivation in the school setting makes teaching and learning more difficult each year. This study explores strategies to motivate students and increase participation. It postulates that when students are actively engaged in the lesson, academic achievement ...


Using Multiple Choice Questions During Lecture To Create An Active Learning Atmosphere, Logan Mathew Newman Aug 2006

Using Multiple Choice Questions During Lecture To Create An Active Learning Atmosphere, Logan Mathew Newman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Prior to this research, lecture was the primary instructional method used to teach an urban high school Advanced Placement (AP) Biology class. Students often lose focus during the first 15 minutes of lecture (Mazur, 1 997). As a result, multiple choice questions were added to each lecture every 15-20 minutes. Students were encouraged to actively discuss the questions as a group to determine the correct answer. The focus of this method is increasing student involvement in lecture and critical thinking of the class material. Informal interviews of students and instructor observations provided qualitative data regarding the efficacy of this strategy ...


Bridging The Gap In Physics Education, Aaron Harrington Aug 2006

Bridging The Gap In Physics Education, Aaron Harrington

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Over the past few years there has been a growing interest in the possible benefits of computer simulations in physics education. However, very little research has been conducted on how computer simulations can actually be integrated into a physics program (Zacharia & Anderson, 2003). This research investigated the effects of computer simulations on the development of accurate mental models when used in conjunction with traditional laboratory-based experiments. Since laboratory experiments can often have results that are very difficult to observe, these results only become evident to the trained eye of an expert. Computer simulations are able to present phenomena free of ...


The Effectiveness Of Teaching Romeo And Juliet To Ninth Graders First From An Aesthetic Stance And Then From An Efferent Stance, Kevin P. Delehanty May 2003

The Effectiveness Of Teaching Romeo And Juliet To Ninth Graders First From An Aesthetic Stance And Then From An Efferent Stance, Kevin P. Delehanty

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of teaching William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet first from a predominately aesthetic stance and then from a predominately efferent stance. The subjects were eighteen ninth-grade students from a co-ed, heterogenous, rural high school. Two assessments for each stance were given and analyzed, as well as post-talk interviews completed by fifteen of the subjects. The results proved to me what the research emphasized, namely, with fiction, approach the piece first from an aesthetic stance, and then go back and analyze it in an efferent manner if needed. Such a method ...


The Effects Of Imagery And Concreteness On Recall Of Prose Passages Read By Ninth Grade Students, Scott D. Majka Apr 2003

The Effects Of Imagery And Concreteness On Recall Of Prose Passages Read By Ninth Grade Students, Scott D. Majka

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research was designed to study the effects of imagery and language concreteness on retention of prose passages. Thirty heterogeneously grouped ninth-grade students from two separate English classes in a suburban high school outside of Rochester, New York; were assigned to two treatment conditions. Both conditions required students to retell information and were then prompted for further information after reading two types of passages: one which was highly imageable, or concrete, the other which was less imageable, or abstract. After the first treatment condition, students received training designed to acquaint students with mental imagery and to help them use mental ...


The Use Of Software Program Inspiration And Its Effect On The Reading Comprehension Of Students With Disabilities, Dana E. Mallaber May 2002

The Use Of Software Program Inspiration And Its Effect On The Reading Comprehension Of Students With Disabilities, Dana E. Mallaber

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study will use the software program Inspiration to determine if its use will help students with disabilities improve reading comprehension. Twenty two students from two sections of 10th grade English 15:1 special education classes participated in the study. The study consisted of comparing two sets of quiz scores using the same students.

The study consisted of the students reading a short story then creating web maps of the story plot. Following the completion of the web map, the students took a ten question comprehension quiz. This was done for seven sessions. During another seven sessions the students took ...


National Science Education Reform And Its Effect On Science Education Reform In North Carolina, Kyle A. Leonard Jun 1997

National Science Education Reform And Its Effect On Science Education Reform In North Carolina, Kyle A. Leonard

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this paper is to give a historical background of the progress of elementary science education reform from a national perspective and to then show the impact of that reform on North Carolina's efforts towards elementary science education reform. A comparison is made between the National Research Council's 1996 publication of the National Science Education Standards and North Carolina's 1994 publication of the new Standard Course of Study: Science K-12. The comparison shows that North Carolina has made an effort to incorporate the national vision of science education reform into its own vision of science ...


An Investigation Into The Gender Bias Issue, Bonnie L. Wolcott Aug 1994

An Investigation Into The Gender Bias Issue, Bonnie L. Wolcott

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Women tend to hold a smaller population within the fields of science and mathematics than men. This is believed to be largely due to gender bias coming from family, school, and society. The areas of math and science are largely considered to be male-oriented, and female students consider the fields to be largely unavailable to them. This master thesis addresses this topic by surveying a large number of high school math students, and interviewing school faculty.

A large suburban school district in Rochester, NY was used for this research. The study included 285 male students and 343 female students in ...


Predictors Of Success On The New York State Earth Science Regents Examination, Elaine Matthews Welch Apr 1992

Predictors Of Success On The New York State Earth Science Regents Examination, Elaine Matthews Welch

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The 1970 New York State Earth Science Regents Syllabus targeted students who displayed a high degree of ability and interest in science. The State Education Department has been reluctant to define exactly what constitutes a higher ability and interest. However it has often been suggested to represent the top 10 to 25% of any given class. This can lead parents and teachers to wonder if there is a factor that can predict a student’s performance. This master thesis examines a number of variables to determine if any of them can be used to help predict the probability of success ...