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Education and Human Development Master's Theses

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Research-Based Instructional Strategies To Support Newcomers In The Mainstream Classroom, Melissa Gonzalez Aug 2019

Research-Based Instructional Strategies To Support Newcomers In The Mainstream Classroom, Melissa Gonzalez

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

After Hurricane Maria hit the island of Puerto Rico in September of 2017, the Rochester City School District received an influx of Newcomer students; over 600 students were placed in the District. Teachers at Enrico Fermi School No. 17 shared, by way of survey, that they did not feel comfortable nor adequately prepared to teach these students. When teachers complete a teacher certification program, they are taught many strategies to use in the classroom; however, strategies specific to Newcomers are not included in those teachings. The effects of not having trained and qualified teachers for Newcomers in the mainstream classroom ...


Developing A Curriculum For The Ela Inclusive Classroom That Meets The Shifts In The Ccss, Allison Sharpe Aug 2019

Developing A Curriculum For The Ela Inclusive Classroom That Meets The Shifts In The Ccss, Allison Sharpe

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Educators of 2019 are required to meet the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) in inclusive classrooms while also engaging students in meaningful connections. The CCSS provide an outline of academic content, knowledge, and skills that students need in order to be college and career ready. Teachers are the connection between the standards, the academic content, and the students. It is up to the teachers to reach and engage their students by creating meaningful connections between the academic content and the real-world. Students who are engaged and making connections to the instructional material are creating learning that lasts beyond the classroom ...


Equity And Democracy: A Push Towards Social Justice In The Ela Classroom, Sean Formato May 2019

Equity And Democracy: A Push Towards Social Justice In The Ela Classroom, Sean Formato

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Despite the fact that schools demand character education, very little in terms of resources is devoted to infusing social justice into the ELA curriculum. Since our ELA instruction has stagnated, our national discourse has become more divided than ever, and many of our core ethical values once thought to be the bedrock of America are now in dispute. It is essential that we re-imagine the ELA curriculum to contain a focus on social justice education in order to instill the values of empathy and equity in our students. If ELA classrooms incorporated the four components of social justice education, schools ...


Fostering Motivation With An Authentic Task Based Unit On Linear Modeling, Brandon Derue May 2019

Fostering Motivation With An Authentic Task Based Unit On Linear Modeling, Brandon Derue

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum project was created to provide teachers with additional resources to use when teaching an 8th grade unit on linear modeling. The included activities put an emphasis on grappling with new ideas, communication, and developing understanding through a project using real world mathematics. An embedded goal in the curriculum is to foster student motivation in mathematics. The main topic involves constructing scatter plots, noticing trends in the data, and constructing lines of best fit based on these trends. Recommendations are included by the author for implementing the included activities, as well as a rubric for evaluating the student ...


Using Multicultural Literature To Enhance The Reading Skills Of Youth Of Color, Jessica Rapp May 2019

Using Multicultural Literature To Enhance The Reading Skills Of Youth Of Color, Jessica Rapp

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

21st Century youths live in a diverse world. Students of today, especially youths of color, struggle to connect with what they are learning due to an outdated curriculum that follows literature from the literary canon. The use of multicultural literature needs to be in every classroom for students to understand and appreciate diversity, find self-worth, and truly identify with what they are reading. Implementing multicultural literature into the curriculum will help students be engaged and motivate them to read. It is every educator’s duty to ensure students are reaching their fullest potential, that means having a healthy balance ...


Implementing Comprehensible Input In The World Language Classroom, Anna Disabatino May 2019

Implementing Comprehensible Input In The World Language Classroom, Anna Disabatino

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Using Comprehensible Input (CI) strategies to accomplish Second Language Acquisition (SLA) as defined by Krashen (1982) is gaining traction throughout World Language classrooms. By providing input to students that is comprehensible, yet slightly challenging, they can be introduced to new grammar and linguistic concepts that will enhance the acquisition process. However, teachers must use a variety of CI strategies in the classroom in order to be most successful. The CI strategies must also be tailored to the level that is taught; CI strategies should look different in a classroom of students at the novice level than they do in a ...


Rethinking Mathematical Proofs And The Opportunity To Learn, Robert Burgett Apr 2019

Rethinking Mathematical Proofs And The Opportunity To Learn, Robert Burgett

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Mathematical proofs are conceptually difficult for many students and the perceived lack of relevance in terms of authenticity and practicality may result in feelings of apathy or indifference. Providing students with connections and applications of the process of proof-solving can help alleviate this problem. This curriculum project includes materials designed to supplement existing units on geometric proof. These materials are intended to provide teachers with opportunities for students to both frequently practice with components of mathematical literacy relative to proofs and to allow multiple opportunities for students to demonstrate growth and evidence of learning. Mathematical discourse amongst students is also ...


Implementing Technology In A Geometry Curriculum, Stephanie Zimmerman Jan 2019

Implementing Technology In A Geometry Curriculum, Stephanie Zimmerman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum project was designed to assist teachers to implement technology into the Common Core Geometry Curriculum and was created by a second career teacher who supported Geometry classes as a teaching assistant. Technology has become deeply rooted in the lives of students from birth and studies show that using technology in the classroom can impact their learning. This curriculum project includes lessons from across the geometry curriculum using various technological tools.


Creating A Discourse-Rich Classroom Culture To Enhance Academic Discussions Across Content Areas, Briana Cammarata Jan 2019

Creating A Discourse-Rich Classroom Culture To Enhance Academic Discussions Across Content Areas, Briana Cammarata

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Today’s students struggle with effectively communicating their ideas in the classroom. Despite constantly being asked to think, write, read and respond students respond negatively when asked to interact verbally in an academic setting. The solution is not to force students to engage in dialogue, but to provide various opportunities for students to interact with both the teacher and their peers. “By allowing students to take responsibility for their own education we can close the gaps in our students learning”. (Turney) These interactions are crucial to student achievement and growth because they require students to explain their high-level thinking. When ...


Curriculum To Support The Flipped Classroom In 8th Grade Mathematics, Haley Parker Jan 2019

Curriculum To Support The Flipped Classroom In 8th Grade Mathematics, Haley Parker

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In mathematics classrooms much time is spent on instruction leaving little time for student questions and almost no time for student-teacher interactions during problem solving. One solution that addresses this problem is the flipped classroom model. This thesis will provide teachers with curriculum to teach a unit on systems of linear equations using a flipped classroom model of instruction.Provided are notes for instructional videos, bellwork, classwork, a unit review and unit test. The curriculum provided is intended to give teachers a template to use to record their own instructional videos, and work for students to do during class time.


Autonomy, Education, Virtue, Seamus Clarkin Dec 2018

Autonomy, Education, Virtue, Seamus Clarkin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The ways in which educators have tried to implement autonomy support have typically been constrained by their pedagogical interests and demands from above for certain threshold levels of performance. In our current educational system, this treats autonomy as a means to the end of measurement-based outcomes. The research on autonomy such as self-determination theory (SDT) often acknowledges the significance as a matter of background, but the actual ways teachers bring it into class is typically much more superficial than what might be possible with authentic cognitive autonomy support. Further, the innate status of the three needs put forth by SDT ...


Understanding Cultural Differences Between Home And School For Latino Students, Leslie Rivera Dec 2018

Understanding Cultural Differences Between Home And School For Latino Students, Leslie Rivera

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Many minority families, including Hispanics/Latinos, have limited communication with educators, and it is not by coincidence. Teachers are not always educated on how to work with ELL families, or what strategies to use, in order to communicate and make positive connections with families. Minority families struggle to understand the American educational system, and feel ignored and marginalized because of their limited understanding and language abilities.

This researcher took a survey of about three hundred staff members at Monroe #1 BOCES, in order to find the barriers that impact school and ELL family communication the most. The language barrier, miscommunication ...


Preparing New Teachers To Manage The Modern Classroom, Cody Kaminska Dec 2018

Preparing New Teachers To Manage The Modern Classroom, Cody Kaminska

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Classroom management is broadly defined as the wide variety of skills and techniques that teachers use to keep students organized, orderly, focused, on task, and academically productive during class. A teacher’s skills as a classroom manager are vital to being an efficient and effective teacher, no matter how knowledgeable a teacher may be on a subject. However, while most college curriculums focus on pedagogy and curriculum-building skills, most do not place explicit focus on classroom management strategies. This leaves many teacher candidates feeling ill-prepared to manage a classroom upon leaving academia. This paper explores the necessity of creating a ...


Embracing Audiobooks As An Effective Educational Tool, Stacy Waite Dec 2018

Embracing Audiobooks As An Effective Educational Tool, Stacy Waite

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The advancement of technology is changing the field of education and expanding the methods of delivering information. Smartboards, computers, and tablets are just a few of the tools that have claimed a space in modern-day classrooms. While these advantageous devices are welcomed by most, one such resource that literature enthusiasts seem to be especially hesitant to embrace are audiobooks. Almost three-fourths of Americans surveyed reported that they had read a book in the past year, but less than one-fifth had listened to an audiobook. Despite the convenient aspects such as mobility, ease of access, and entertainment provided, traditional readers still ...


A Focus On Scientific Inquiry In Cte Through A Green Space, Emily Anderson Dec 2018

A Focus On Scientific Inquiry In Cte Through A Green Space, Emily Anderson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Science education trends state that students and teachers should work to promote learning by making science relevant and meaningful. With a changing world, the way science is taught and learned needs to change too. There is an increasing push for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) awareness and the engineering design process. Integrated science education in Career and Technical Education (CTE) is a trend and area of teaching that is needed and looked at as a way to make science more relevant and meaningful. Teachers are expected to engage students in meaningful and purposeful instruction that provided students with inquiry ...


Teaching Science Through Multimedia: Transitioning From A Technology-Centered Approach To A Learner-Centered Approach, Daniel Roberti Dec 2018

Teaching Science Through Multimedia: Transitioning From A Technology-Centered Approach To A Learner-Centered Approach, Daniel Roberti

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

An increase in the amount of educational multimedia content found on the internet has made it easier for teachers to flip their classrooms and have students learn through video as opposed to traditional lecture. However, two primary concerns exist with this method: (1) learning through video can be too passive as students are just expected to absorb the material and (2) there is usually no way to ensure students are viewing the multimedia assigned for them to watch. This project addresses each of these concerns and proposes solutions. Criteria are also identified within the literature to establish what characterizes a ...


Rethinking Metacognitive Intervention: A Scaffolded Exam Wrapper Strategy, Aaron Ridall Dec 2018

Rethinking Metacognitive Intervention: A Scaffolded Exam Wrapper Strategy, Aaron Ridall

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Students lack the behaviors and strategies that support success in postsecondary environments, which has led one-third of all college students to enroll in remedial courses (Bowen, Chingos, & McPherson, 2009). One particular executive function that low-achieving students are often without is metacognition, or thinking about thinking. Traditional models of education in the United States do not teach students how to analyze their performance even though metacognition is linked to improved academic performance (Young & Fry, 2008). This work presents a scaffolded metacognitive strategy to help low-achieving students improve their metacognitive skillfulness and examination performance.


Using Haptic Virtual Reality To Increase Learning Gains And Construct Knowledge Of Unobservable Phenomena, Devin Hagendorn Dec 2018

Using Haptic Virtual Reality To Increase Learning Gains And Construct Knowledge Of Unobservable Phenomena, Devin Hagendorn

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This project is designed to be a compilation of ten haptic virtual reality labs using the software zSpace. The labs will follow the NYS Living Environment Standards as well as the Next Generation Science Standards for living environment as well as physical/general science topics for middle school students. The project will be a list of available laboratories along with their appropriate fit into the curriculum and a description of how they fit New York State curriculum standards for the appropriate discipline. The goal of these laboratory assignments is to increase learning gains in students by allowing them to experience ...


The Importance Of Developing Classroom Community, Heather Geller Nov 2018

The Importance Of Developing Classroom Community, Heather Geller

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Secondary education students spend approximately 135 hours in one classroom per school year, sitting amongst the same twenty or thirty peers and staring at the same teacher. Whether they end up developing positively or negatively, the classroom’s culture is very quickly and easily formed: The daily routines, student attitudes during work, and the strategies used to implement a well-managed classroom form with or without effort from teachers and students. However, what is much more demanding to create, though ultimately more meaningful and positively impactful on learning is a positive classroom community. When educators embed discussion-based strategies and collaborative, discussion-based ...


The Development And Integration Of Nearpod Materials Into A High School Biology Curriculum, Matthew Halloran Oct 2018

The Development And Integration Of Nearpod Materials Into A High School Biology Curriculum, Matthew Halloran

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Due to the previously outlined benefits of formative assessment, and the increasing ability of technology of aid in its implementation there are very few barriers to experimenting with new technology in the classroom. While the technology available to classroom teachers does not need to be incredibly high tech, it should be compatible with what students and teachers already have at their fingertips. Applications like Socrative are beneficial because they allow for a classroom teacher to use technology already in the classroom (mobile phones and laptops) and utilize them in the collection of formative assessment data (Coca & Slisko, 2013). Students are ...


Physics Curriculum Using Project Based Learning, Miranda Wharram-Santillo Oct 2018

Physics Curriculum Using Project Based Learning, Miranda Wharram-Santillo

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum is a series of projects making up a project based learning physics curriculum. Each project will consist of a scenario or experience the students have or could encounter at some point in their life. These scenarios and experiences will shape the flow of the curriculum as well as form the essential question to be answered at the end of each project. This curriculum will cover the same standards required of a traditional high school physics, just in a different way. Similar to curriculum created by Martinás and Tremmel, the students will learn concepts that apply to each of ...


The Inclusion Of Media Literacy In The English Curriculum, Nicole Manioci Aug 2018

The Inclusion Of Media Literacy In The English Curriculum, Nicole Manioci

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Today, the digital world is ever changing. Teenagers all over the world are hypnotized by their tech-savvy devices. Their free time is spent on their smartwatches, cell phones, computers, or in front of their televisions and video games. When they arrive at school, they are expected to have the devices stored away and not have contact at all during the time they are at school. These students have lost their desire and passion for learning. The students need to have new and engaging ways to learn in the classroom, especially in English. Students have become disinterested in the teacher’s ...


Culturally Responsive Teaching Practices For Educators Of Culturally And Linguistically Diverse Students, Tyler Jarosinski Jul 2018

Culturally Responsive Teaching Practices For Educators Of Culturally And Linguistically Diverse Students, Tyler Jarosinski

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Schools within the United States have grown tremendously over the last decade in cultural and linguistic diversity. Teachers have a responsibility to teach all students, regardless of their unique backgrounds or language abilities; however, English language learners and students of color are not receiving the same academic success as their White and English-dominant peers. Rochester City School District Regents exam data illustrates observable racial achievement disproportionality that suggests certain groups of students are not receiving an equitable education. To combat this disproportionality, a handbook and professional development plan was created for Rochester-area teachers at World of Inquiry School (WOIS) to ...


An Introduction To Implementing Technology In The Classroom Using Interactive Web-Based Applications, Matthew Rybak May 2018

An Introduction To Implementing Technology In The Classroom Using Interactive Web-Based Applications, Matthew Rybak

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Today’s students have grown up in a world where technology is an essential and accessible component of daily life, and it therefore plays an integral role in the modern classroom. Implementing technology into the traditional classroom can be an intimidating task; this curriculum project aims to aid educators in understanding the benefits of using technology, and to simplify its implementation. Desmos and Nearpod are used in this curriculum because they are excellent examples of two user-friendly and adaptable applets that facilitate technology-focused instruction. Each of the two units in this curriculum are designed to assist teachers who use a ...


A Project Based Learning Approach To Teaching Geometry In A 7th Grade Classroom, Jamie Bish May 2018

A Project Based Learning Approach To Teaching Geometry In A 7th Grade Classroom, Jamie Bish

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum project was created by a teacher for teachers, to present an example of how to use project based learning in a 7th grade mathematics curriculum while meeting the New York State Common Core Standards. More specifically, the project asks students to create a building plan that would fill a need in their community and present this plan to an interested group. The project focuses on a number of mathematical concepts including area, volume, ratios, and proportions.


A Focus On Mathematical Literacy To Increase Student Understanding And Performance, Rachel Alvarez May 2018

A Focus On Mathematical Literacy To Increase Student Understanding And Performance, Rachel Alvarez

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum project was designed to help promote mathematical literacy within applications of quadratic functions. The curriculum bridges literacy strategies with mathematical applications so that the two build upon each other in a lesson rather than being two separate entities. These materials are aligned with the Algebra I New York State Common Core Learning Standards.


Credit Card Interest Curriculum For Algebra 1 And Algebra 2, Agnieszka Wallace May 2018

Credit Card Interest Curriculum For Algebra 1 And Algebra 2, Agnieszka Wallace

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum project was designed to support teachers to implement credit card interest literacy into the Algebra 1 and Algebra 2 curriculum and was created by a second career teacher from the financial field. Financial mistakes made early in life can have serious implications and could be very costly. Studies show that less than one-third of young adults understand the concept of compound interest. This curriculum project includes compound interest algebra topics connected to financial applications of credit card interest.


Experiential Learning In The Middle School Living Environment Classroom, Andrea G. Heinlein May 2018

Experiential Learning In The Middle School Living Environment Classroom, Andrea G. Heinlein

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Experiential learning teaches students through concrete experiences, often occurring outdoors or outside of the classroom. (Scogin, Kruger, Jekkals, & Steinfeldt, 2017). Outdoor experiential learning provides higher level thinking opportunities as well as opportunities to build a range of non-cognitive skills such as cooperation, collaboration, independence and responsibility. Additionally, experiential learning is a key tool for creating interest in science and in connecting science contexts from the classroom to real world applications that students can experience firsthand (James & Williams, 2016). This project begins with a comprehensive literature review discussing different forms of experiential learning and benefits of this form of instruction as ...


Augmented Reality Technology Used To Enhance Informal Science Learning, Erin Reidy May 2018

Augmented Reality Technology Used To Enhance Informal Science Learning, Erin Reidy

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

With science advancements ever-changing and an increased use of multimedia to display information to the public, science literacy and critical thinking skills are important for the public to keep up to date. Students will need to know how to interpret science information they are faced with throughout their lives to make decisions and critique scientific arguments (Squire & Mingfong, 2007). Science education reform is becoming more focused on incorporating science practices with the use of tools and processes to enhance learning. An authentic learning experience can be described as experiencing real problems and consequences in context (Rosenbaum et al., 2007). Augmented ...


Alternative Assessments: Moving Learning Forward In A Geometry Classroom, Lindsey Hadzima May 2018

Alternative Assessments: Moving Learning Forward In A Geometry Classroom, Lindsey Hadzima

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This project was created by a teacher for teachers, providing alternative assessments for a geometry classroom. The assessments emphasize collaboration and group work as part of the assessment task. Topics include geometric proofs, geometric constructions, Pythagorean Theorem, trigonometry, polygons and polyhedra, volume and surface area. Recommendations for how and when to use each alternative assessment have been provided by the author. Additionally scoring rubrics have been provided. The alternative assessments are aligned to the Common Core State Standards, specifically geometry standards throughout secondary grade levels.