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Full-Text Articles in Education

Breaking The Chains That Prevent Student Comprehension: Exhuming And Rectifying Common Chemistry Misconceptions Through Music, Anthony Raymond Dec 2017

Breaking The Chains That Prevent Student Comprehension: Exhuming And Rectifying Common Chemistry Misconceptions Through Music, Anthony Raymond

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Regardless of how students construct alternative conceptions (or misconceptions) within the subject of chemistry, they serve as significant barriers to scaffolding of proper knowledge. Just as any structure must be built upon a solid foundation, student knowledge must be constructed upon an underpinning of core facts and concepts. Unfortunately, when these facts and concepts are false due to some misunderstanding, proper scaffolding of knowledge ceases. Traditional methods, such as “conceptual change texts” and “computer animations” have been shown to be effective in fostering conceptual change in students. One area in which research is limited is in the use of music ...


Teaching And Learning About Diverse Cultures In Africa, Alyssa Owen Dec 2017

Teaching And Learning About Diverse Cultures In Africa, Alyssa Owen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative study examined how third grade teachers are teaching about diverse cultures in Africa, and how students in Upstate New York have learned about these diverse cultures. The study was conducted in two phases. Phase One included lesson activities taught to a classroom of fourth grade students. Phase Two included seven semi-structured interviews with teachers about their experiences teaching third grade social studies. Phase One activities comprised of students writing and discussing their understandings of African cultures during group discussions, engagement with hands-on activities, and a critical analysis of a children's book. Teachers in Phase Two explained their ...


Ignorance Isn't Strength: The Need For Secondary Education To Address Fake News, Joseph P. Larkin Dec 2017

Ignorance Isn't Strength: The Need For Secondary Education To Address Fake News, Joseph P. Larkin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The way people, and notably young people, are receiving information about the world has changed. Gone are the days of reading trusted print newspapers and in are the days of immediate accesses to information from a variety of sources shared virally through social media profiles and platforms. Students are living in a time period where the term “fake news” is continually mentioned throughout politics and mass media, yet their education rarely addresses these realistic concerns about how people are discovering and sharing information. Research has suggested the ways in which we believe students know how to use the internet due ...


Mindful And Positive Relationships As Foundational To Student Support, Luke Townsend Dec 2017

Mindful And Positive Relationships As Foundational To Student Support, Luke Townsend

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Modern public schools are in a crisis on two fronts; society is making more demands of the school system to teach students how to be more capable and marketable in an ever-changing digitalized global community while student enrollment with low social-emotional ability has increased meaning that students are less motivated to engage in their learning at the academic level. Low student motivation leads naturally to high student failure and an increased level of negative relationships with school staff and peers. In turn, these negative relationships limit the whole learning community through teacher burn-out and increased perception of the school as ...


A Global Mind Is A Nurtured Mind: The Demand To Consider And Cure The Deprivation Of Multicultural Education, Amber D'Ambrosia Dec 2017

A Global Mind Is A Nurtured Mind: The Demand To Consider And Cure The Deprivation Of Multicultural Education, Amber D'Ambrosia

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The leaders of tomorrow are the bright and knowledgeable students of today. The problem with how these students are being prepared for their role as future leaders stems from the lack of diversity in literature, and the overall lack of multicultural education in American public schools. The dominant narratives being published, circulated, and studied in schools do not appropriately reflect, nor appropriately engage the multifaceted population of students accessing the discourse. The United States must no longer be notorious for its belief in its own cultural and historical superiority, but instead should begin making strides toward evolving the educational experiences ...


The Implications Of A Quality Teacher Education Program Implementing A Multicultural Studies Curriculum: Combating The Old Diversity Paradigm Of The 21st Century Classroom, Yvonne Gibson Dec 2017

The Implications Of A Quality Teacher Education Program Implementing A Multicultural Studies Curriculum: Combating The Old Diversity Paradigm Of The 21st Century Classroom, Yvonne Gibson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Education in the United States looks different to many different people. In fact, it is taught differently, depending on a number of different factors. The same goes for the teacher education preparation programs. Each college or university, in each state, has its own curriculum, producing a variety of new to the field teachers. Diversity in this country is vast and it is steadily growing, as are the schools; however, the teachers who populate the field are not. Multiculturalism and bridging the gap with the diversity in the schools and the teachers has become a dilemma that needs addressing. How can ...


Inner Dialogue Reading Behaviors And Student Comprehension Of Texts, Antonio Madau Dec 2017

Inner Dialogue Reading Behaviors And Student Comprehension Of Texts, Antonio Madau

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study examines the use of inner dialogue reading behaviors by third grade students who achieve high scores on commercial reading assessments. The study looks at one class of third grade students in Western New York, and comparatively analyzes their self-reported use of reading behaviors in relation to their achieved scores on the Next Step in Guided Reading (GRA) commercial reading assessment. The researcher collected qualitative data from the participants using results from the administered GRA assessment, structured verbal interviews, and participants’ written responses in their weekly Independent Reading Logs. Conclusions for participants who scored highly on commercial reading assessments ...


Using Inquiry To Teach The Common Core State Standards: Two Exemplars, Rachel Bardun Dec 2017

Using Inquiry To Teach The Common Core State Standards: Two Exemplars, Rachel Bardun

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum project offers two inquiry-based lessons for secondary mathematics teachers. One lesson is a culminating scavenger hunt for systems of linear equations. This lesson incorporates five principles of instruction and four levels of inquiry: confirmation inquiry, structured inquiry, guided inquiry, and open inquiry. The second lesson is an interdisciplinary lesson that involves students modeling bacteria growth with mathematical equations (regressions). This lesson integrates five essential strategies of implementing the Common Core State Standards through inquiry. The author classifies this lesson as a guided inquiry activity. Both lessons are aligned to the Algebra I Common Core State Standards (CCSS), but ...


Video Games In Education, Matthew C. Heins Dec 2017

Video Games In Education, Matthew C. Heins

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this paper is to review relevant literature that explored the impact of video games within the field of education. Through a review of studies on video games in education, between 2000 and 2015, I aim to discuss that video games do have educational value in multiple content areas k-12, and educators have effectively implemented video games consistently through the same approaches. In addition, I discuss that there are existing limitations within schools due to educators and a lack of adequate technology available to support the implementation of video games into education. My analysis of the current literature ...


Personalized Learning, The New Look Of A Classroom In The Twenty-First Century, Nicole Lock Oct 2017

Personalized Learning, The New Look Of A Classroom In The Twenty-First Century, Nicole Lock

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The personalized learning approach is beneficial for all students in the twenty-first century because it consists of instruction in the form of technology, collaboration, and small group instruction. In addition to representing content in a variety of modalities the personalized learning approach also incorporates student choice in their learning.There are two personalized learning models present in this project. The first model is considered a three station rotation because students will visit a technology, collaboration, and small group instruction station during the lesson. The second model is called a flex model which still consists of technology, collaboration, and small group ...


Introductory Strategies For Evaluating Digital Technology Viability In Contemporary Classrooms, Brian Crawford Oct 2017

Introductory Strategies For Evaluating Digital Technology Viability In Contemporary Classrooms, Brian Crawford

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This project looks at relevant research and opinions regarding Educational Technology in the classroom. District, teacher, and student perspectives are all taken into account regarding the qualifications a digital instrument should possess in order to be considered appropriate for classroom implementation. The author, after looking at the effects and understandings of many current applications of Educational Technology, finishes the work by aggregating the concerns and providing multiple options for solutions for each. Additional research is suggested to examine familial and corporate effects of the current trends in addition to policies recommended as solutions.


Decreasing Math Anxiety Through Teaching Quadratic Equations, Kaitlyn Kaufman Aug 2017

Decreasing Math Anxiety Through Teaching Quadratic Equations, Kaitlyn Kaufman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Math anxiety is known as having a feeling of fear that interferes with math performance. Many students today suffer from math anxiety as they push through each developmental stage in their schooling. A majority of students develop math anxiety through traditional classroom methods, such as drill and practice, assessments, memorizing, and textbooks. According to research, teachers can help decrease math anxiety in students by incorporating specific teaching styles, methods, and strategies, related to decrease math anxiety, into lessons. These teaching styles, methods, and strategies include, but not limited to, constructivist teaching, concrete-to-representation-to-abstract model, student-centered learning, and interactive lessons. Based on ...


Teaching The Strand Of Ccss Slope Through Metacognition In Middle School, High School, And Advanced Placement Mathematics, Sara Snarr Aug 2017

Teaching The Strand Of Ccss Slope Through Metacognition In Middle School, High School, And Advanced Placement Mathematics, Sara Snarr

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The strand of slope presents every year from 7th grade through Advanced Placement Calculus. The Common Core Learning Standards require and encourage a thorough understanding of slope and slope-related concepts such as unit rate, parallel and perpendicular lines, and the derivative. Unfortunately, many secondary mathematics teachers struggle to teach students to monitor their process and conceptualize an overall strategy for solving complex and fundamental problems. This thesis examines the role of metacognition-focused instruction on achievement, and offers research-supported teaching methods in the context of slope and unit rate that support metacognition. These methods are then presented in a series of ...


Out With The Old, In With The New Digital Era Instruction: 21st Century Education Must Conform To The Needs Of "Digital Kids", Sheila Neth Jul 2017

Out With The Old, In With The New Digital Era Instruction: 21st Century Education Must Conform To The Needs Of "Digital Kids", Sheila Neth

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Modern day youths are known for their tech savvy ways and dependency on digital devices. They choose to spend their free time in front of a digital screen chatting, taking and sending photos, playing games, drafting emoji messages, etc. These youths are then expected to attend school and remove all electronic devices and pay attention for 6+ hours a day in each seat for at least 40-minute intervals. The relevancy to learn is lost; students can hardly see any relevancy in the content being learned at school with their own lives filled with technology and immediate driven results. Thus, it ...


Positive Reinforcement Positively Helps Students In The Classroom, Lindsey Rumfola Jul 2017

Positive Reinforcement Positively Helps Students In The Classroom, Lindsey Rumfola

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Current teachers are struggling between choosing mature teaching strategies and choosing more contemporary strategies to utilize in their classrooms. Although the choice to the younger generation may be simple, it is actually the application that is proven to be difficult. Teachers new and old are experiencing adversity when applying current teaching techniques such as positive reinforcement in their classrooms. Teachers need to be effectively trained to teach with these unfamiliar strategies, and their staff needs to be able to address their concerns as well. Although it takes time to become fluent in any teaching strategy it is vital that teachers ...


A Study Of The Performance Of Deaf/Hard Of Hearing Students In High School Mathematics On Conceptual Understanding, Procedural Fluency, And Mathematical Reasoning Tasks, Bridget Ashmore Jun 2017

A Study Of The Performance Of Deaf/Hard Of Hearing Students In High School Mathematics On Conceptual Understanding, Procedural Fluency, And Mathematical Reasoning Tasks, Bridget Ashmore

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Mathematics tends to be a subject where many students struggle and that struggle becomes especially prevalent as students make the transition from concrete mathematics to abstract mathematics, or from elementary or middle school to high school mathematics. With students that are deaf, the learning of mathematics becomes more complicated. Many barriers to learning present themselves as deaf students work their way through school and as they go through school, the performance gap between hearing and deaf students begins to grow. This thesis discusses the language barrier as one possible contributor as well as other factors like teacher preparedness and pedagogical ...


Engaging Assessment In English Language Arts, Joseph L. Dugan, Jr. May 2017

Engaging Assessment In English Language Arts, Joseph L. Dugan, Jr.

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Assessment is key to effective instruction. In the English classroom, engaging assessment can appear difficult because of the emphasis on the development of core reading skills. However, learning how students decipher information reveals that each individual learns according to their own unique connections. Examining and understanding the impact of Dr. Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence Theory is the key to engaging assessments. This thesis dissects Dr. Gardner’s M.I. Theory and provides insight on how students learn. Furthermore, the research focuses on how Gardner’s Theory can be used to develop strategies and assessments in order to accurately and ...


Bullying In Our Schools: The Impact Of The Olweus Bullying Prevention Program, Kaylee Mitchell May 2017

Bullying In Our Schools: The Impact Of The Olweus Bullying Prevention Program, Kaylee Mitchell

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Bullying has been an issue in school throughout the years in communities across the world. Most students have either been a victim of bullying, been the bully, or have witnessed bullying no matter what school they attend, or grade level. Many schools struggle to find ways to educate students on the effects of bullying and how to teach students to deal with bullying situations they may face in school. This study focused on a small suburban school district who sought out a bullying prevention program called Olweus Bullying Prevention Program. The study examined the effects the program had within its ...


How To Support Students In Reading For Meaning, Gabrielle Dzikowicz Miller May 2017

How To Support Students In Reading For Meaning, Gabrielle Dzikowicz Miller

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research explores how to support students in reading for meaning. The purpose of my research was to learn more about how to help students read for meaning and to provide the skills and strategies necessary to support reading for meaning. Further, this research reviews the impact strategies have as a means for comprehension of the text. Data were collected for this study over a four-week period in the form of semi-structured interviews, student artifacts, observations, audio recordings, and field notes. Data were analyzed to determine the most effective ways that students were able to read for meaning.


Digital Reader: Using A Cell Phone To Explore And Engage With Informational Texts, Kayla Fostano May 2017

Digital Reader: Using A Cell Phone To Explore And Engage With Informational Texts, Kayla Fostano

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study explored the use of a cell phone to search for informational texts while using different websites. This study investigated a student’s critical thinking process as she engaged in discussion with the researcher regarding her research findings. This study was conducted for five weeks, and was implemented for two days per week with a seventh grade student. Qualitative data were collected through field notes, student artifacts, and audio recordings. Findings were then derived from the research related to student behavior and engagement, choosing appealing and appropriately challenging texts, and utilization of critical thinking skills. The student’s interests ...


Using The Superkids Reading Program With A First Grade Inclusive Class, Mackenzie Bailey May 2017

Using The Superkids Reading Program With A First Grade Inclusive Class, Mackenzie Bailey

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative study explores what happens when an inclusive class of first graders are taught to read through a scripted phonics-based program called Superkids (2015). This study also explores student and teacher perceptions regarding the Superkids reading program. The purpose of this research is to better support and inform both teachers and students who are mandated to use this specific reading curriculum. Data were collected for this study over a period of 4 weeks using the students’ reading assessments, student and teacher interviews, and observational notes. Data were analyzed in order to discover student and teacher perceptions of the program ...


Thinking Like A Historian: How Do Sixth Grade Students Analyze Documents?, Sarah Eisenmenger May 2017

Thinking Like A Historian: How Do Sixth Grade Students Analyze Documents?, Sarah Eisenmenger

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Abstract

This qualitative study investigated the ways in which sixth grade students analyze documents in a social studies classroom. This research aimed to provide teachers with insight into how students are analyzing documents and what strategies are being used. Through observations, semi-structured discussions, survey questions and a benchmark, a plethora of data were collected. An intensive data analysis was conducted resulting in four major findings. The use of background knowledge, and captions made analyzing a document easier, whereas academic vocabulary made analyzing a document more difficult. The data collected also showed a number of strategies students are currently using to ...


Self-Regulated Strategy Development And Its Influence On A Student With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Kelsey Romal May 2017

Self-Regulated Strategy Development And Its Influence On A Student With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Kelsey Romal

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Through tutoring sessions, it was noticed that a student with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder was struggling to write a paragraph. This research study explores the influence the Self-Regulated Strategy Development had on the student’s writing and opinion’s of writing. This was a qualitative study focusing on the experiences of both the tutor and student during the tutoring sessions. Through observations and interviews during the tutoring sessions, it was founded that this particular student had a positive attitude toward writing. In addition, the student grew as a writer yet continued to struggle with self-regulation and goal setting.


Twins’ Literacy Development In A Home Child Care, Elisabeth Tytler May 2017

Twins’ Literacy Development In A Home Child Care, Elisabeth Tytler

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research focuses on a set of five year old twin girls in a home child care environment, where play and oral language are essential components to their literacy development.The purpose of this study was to understand how each twin is developing her emergent literacy skills situated in her play and the environmental factors that are impacting her language development. Data were collected for this study over a period of 4 weeks using a parent’s survey, interviews, artifacts, observation notes, and transcribed audio-recordings.


The Impact Of Instructional Methods And Resources On Vocabulary Development Of Enl Students, Carolyn Kovac May 2017

The Impact Of Instructional Methods And Resources On Vocabulary Development Of Enl Students, Carolyn Kovac

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This is a qualitative case study of teachers’ perceptions of instructional methods and resources for vocabulary development of English as a New Language (ENL) students. Data were collected over a period of three weeks using semi-structured interviews. The focus of this study includes what instructional methods were being used for vocabulary development of ENL students in a general education classroom. Results suggested that a combination of implicit and explicit instruction should be used for vocabulary development of ENL students. In addition, ENL students should be exposed to vocabulary with print-based and technological-based resources. Data also suggested that educators need more ...


Multiple Measures Of Reading Assessment And The Effects On Data-Driven Instruction, Kelsey Wadhams May 2017

Multiple Measures Of Reading Assessment And The Effects On Data-Driven Instruction, Kelsey Wadhams

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research study takes a closer examination of two reading assessments used at the intermediate level: the Developmental Reading Assessment and the Scholastic Reading Inventory. These reading assessments were evaluated by determining what their areas of foci are and what types of information they provided about an individual student. Data were collected over a period of four weeks using an online teacher questionnaire and by conducting two semi-structured interviews. Data analysis focused on teachers’ views about these reading assessments and how they use the data to guide instruction. Results suggested that lack of training and professional development lead to the ...


Exploring Technology In English Language Arts, Rachel Hovey May 2017

Exploring Technology In English Language Arts, Rachel Hovey

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research explored the use of technology within the English Language Arts block. The purpose of this research study was to utilize different digital tools in ELA and understand which tools worked best for the students. Data were collected over a period of 5 weeks including teacher field notes, student journals and student artifacts. Data were analyzed to understand the impact of digital tool use in the classrooms.


Using Read Alouds To Support A Pre-Kindergarten Student's Emergent Literacy Skills, Kaitlin Dennis May 2017

Using Read Alouds To Support A Pre-Kindergarten Student's Emergent Literacy Skills, Kaitlin Dennis

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research explores how read alouds may support a Pre-Kindergarten student’s emergent literacy skills. The purpose of this research is to see whether or not read alouds and teacher/student interactions can improve the emergent literacy skills of the child. Data were collected for this study over a period of 6 weeks using informal field notes, observations, video and audio recordings and student data from PALS assessment. Data were analyzed for how the student’s emergent literacy skills changed and how the student interacted with the read alouds.


The Use Of Ipads In The Literacy Learning Of Students With Adhd, Samantha German May 2017

The Use Of Ipads In The Literacy Learning Of Students With Adhd, Samantha German

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research explores the use of literacy learning with technological devices with students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The purpose of this research was to implement technology in the classroom more efficiently in literacy instruction and to make sure students with diverse needs are reached through learning with technology. Data were collected for this study over a period of six weeks of six sessions using semi-structured interviews, observations notes, and student retelling notes of one on one tutoring sessions. Data were analyzed to see if technology impacts student engagement and comprehension while reading.


“How Many More Pages?” One Child’S Reading Experience, Samantha De Rosa May 2017

“How Many More Pages?” One Child’S Reading Experience, Samantha De Rosa

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative case study explores how different reading practices motivate a child with ADHD. This study took place during a six-week period in an at-home tutoring setting. This work explores the best practices that better support students’ comprehension skills with ADHD.