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Full-Text Articles in Education

Guided Reading: Its Effects On Reading Achievement And Attitudes, Colleen Vinciquerra Dec 2002

Guided Reading: Its Effects On Reading Achievement And Attitudes, Colleen Vinciquerra

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to analyze the effect of guided reading on second graders reading achievement. This study also examined the effect guided reading had on students' attitude towards reading.

The subjects included forty-two second graders from a rural school in western New York. There were two second grade classes who participated in the study. The experimental group received guided reading. The control group did not.

The researcher used Running Reading Records as the tool to determine the students' reading level. The students Running Reading Records were taken at the beginning of the study and again at the end of ...


An Analysis Of Self-Selected And Assigned Writing Of Third Grade Students, Marlena Marrano Oct 2002

An Analysis Of Self-Selected And Assigned Writing Of Third Grade Students, Marlena Marrano

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a difference in student performance .in writing when the topic for writing was self-selected or when the topic was assigned.

Ten third-grade students from two classrooms in an urban elementary school participated in this study. During a period of ten weeks, each student produced four pieces of writing. The topic of two of the four pieces was assigned. The other two pieces were formulated from self-selected topics.

The data were analyzed to determine which individuals and class wrote more for assigned pieces and which individuals and class wrote more ...


The Effects Of Preschool On Phonemic Awareness In First Grade, Debbie Godsen Aug 2002

The Effects Of Preschool On Phonemic Awareness In First Grade, Debbie Godsen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study examined whether there was a statistically significant difference between the reading readiness skills in first grade of students who attended preschool and students who did not attend preschool. The researcher compiled a list of students in first grade who attended preschool. Another group of students in first grade was randomly selected. The Emergent Literacy Survey (ELS) was administered to all students within the first two weeks of their first grade year. The average score for each group was compared using a t test. The results of the t test show there is no statistically significant difference in mean ...


The Effects Of A Kindergarten Home Reading Program, Patricia Siracusa Jun 2002

The Effects Of A Kindergarten Home Reading Program, Patricia Siracusa

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a kindergarten home reading program with parents reading books to their children. The program required parents to read stories to their children and to discuss the stories afterwards. Subjects included 46 kindergarten students and their parents. The families came from an upstate New York suburban school district. The students participated in a half-day kindergarten program. Students participated in a home reading program that started in January and continued through March. Children (with parents' assistance) were asked to read a minimum of 26 books during the program, one for each ...


Effects Of Interactive Writing On Student Writing Achievement In A Primary Classroom, Sheila M. Marconi May 2002

Effects Of Interactive Writing On Student Writing Achievement In A Primary Classroom, Sheila M. Marconi

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study looked at the effective of the interactive writing technique on primary teachers and their students over a six-month period. The study consisted of three, urban, first grade teachers and eighteen students. Teachers used a self-assessment rubric to rate themselves at the start and close of the study on how well they utilized the technique in the classroom. Teachers were also interviewed at the close of the study to determine if there were benefits or drawbacks associated with using the technique. Students were selected for the study by their performance on an emergent literacy survey. Two writing samples were ...


The Use Of Software Program Inspiration And Its Effect On The Reading Comprehension Of Students With Disabilities, Dana E. Mallaber May 2002

The Use Of Software Program Inspiration And Its Effect On The Reading Comprehension Of Students With Disabilities, Dana E. Mallaber

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study will use the software program Inspiration to determine if its use will help students with disabilities improve reading comprehension. Twenty two students from two sections of 10th grade English 15:1 special education classes participated in the study. The study consisted of comparing two sets of quiz scores using the same students.

The study consisted of the students reading a short story then creating web maps of the story plot. Following the completion of the web map, the students took a ten question comprehension quiz. This was done for seven sessions. During another seven sessions the students took ...


Is There A Difference Between The Degree To Which African-Americans Are Studied In Represented Rural, Suburban, And Urban School Districts?, Patricia Chatman May 2002

Is There A Difference Between The Degree To Which African-Americans Are Studied In Represented Rural, Suburban, And Urban School Districts?, Patricia Chatman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of the study was to examine the extent to which African-American history is presented in a variety of elementary, middle, and high schools. Ninety surveys were distributed in urban, suburban, and rural school districts in western New York. The subjects were classroom teachers who responded to the surveys. The survey was designed to find out how teachers are representing African-Americans in their classroom. An analysis of the data from the surveys indicates all the subjects in the study are representing African-Americans in their classrooms. However, teachers in urban schools have a greater representation of presenting African-Americans than teachers ...


An Investigation Into How Children With Learning Disabilities View Themselves As Compared To Their Regular Education Counterparts, Brian Todd Meister May 2002

An Investigation Into How Children With Learning Disabilities View Themselves As Compared To Their Regular Education Counterparts, Brian Todd Meister

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study is to determine how children with special needs at the third grade level view themselves both academically and socially as compared to their regular education counterparts. In order to determine these views, 23 third grade students from a suburban western New York school district were administered the Pier-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale. Six of the students were labeled with learning disabilities. The responses to this scale were divided into subsets to determine Self-Concept in the areas of behavior, intellectual and school status, anxiety, popularity, and happiness and satisfaction. The students were administered the self-concept scale ...


Is Reading Aloud To Students A Magical Experience?, Kristine Brakoniecki May 2002

Is Reading Aloud To Students A Magical Experience?, Kristine Brakoniecki

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine whether the practice of teachers reading aloud to students has perceived value. Surveys of teachers attitudes/behaviors and student attitudes/experiences concerning reading aloud to students were created to gather data. The data were analyzed qualitatively.

Thirty-six teachers and 106 students responded to questionnaires designed to elicit their opinions on the value of the read aloud process. The responses were recorded, tallied and categorized according to similarities and frequency.

The findings revealed that both teachers and students value the read aloud process. Specific examples from students help illustrate the role that being ...


The Effects Of Summer Vacation On Learning: A Look At Interrupted Instruction, Jennifer Hagen May 2002

The Effects Of Summer Vacation On Learning: A Look At Interrupted Instruction, Jennifer Hagen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of interrupted instruction, in the form of summer vacation, on reading achievement of high, middle, and low achieving students. The researcher determined the loss or gain by using Running Reading Records (RRR) from the ending of first grade moving to the beginning of second grade. A discussion of the relevance of year-round education (YRE) is included as well.

This study revealed that 15 of the 62 students lost according to RRR levels while 47 of the 62 either maintained or gained levels. It was determined that interrupted instruction did not ...


An Investigation Of What Parents Of Kindergarten Children Would Do With And For Their Children Before Entering Kindergarten, Kristen Anderson May 2002

An Investigation Of What Parents Of Kindergarten Children Would Do With And For Their Children Before Entering Kindergarten, Kristen Anderson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate what parents of kindergarten children would do with or for their children before entering kindergarten given no restraints on time, money and opportunity. Five hundred questionnaires were sent out to parents of kindergarten children in suburban, rural, inner city, and urban school districts. The data were compared and categorized. Two bar graphs were made to show the results. The results of this study suggest that parents of kindergarten children have similar views on what a child should know and experience before entering kindergarten, with the emphasis being on academics and socialization.


Using Music Therapy To Enhance Social, Speech And Language Skills In One Five Year Old Child With Autism: A Case Study, Donna G. Head May 2002

Using Music Therapy To Enhance Social, Speech And Language Skills In One Five Year Old Child With Autism: A Case Study, Donna G. Head

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This descriptive case study examined the effects of using music therapy to enhance engagement, social, and early literacy skills in one 5-year-old boy diagnosed with autism. Video and audiotapes of music therapy sessions, progress notes and reports, and interviews with the boy's parents, special education teacher, and music therapist were qualitatively analyzed for this study. Instructional implications of this study include the recommendation that music therapy services, when used in conjunction with the educational program of autistic children, can be beneficial in helping to facilitate engagement and early literacy goals and objectives. Recommendations for future research in this area ...


Books-On-Tape And Word Recognition: The Effect Of Listening To Books-On-Tape On The Acquisition And Retention Of High Frequency Sight Words With At-Risk First Graders, Shawna Hochadel May 2002

Books-On-Tape And Word Recognition: The Effect Of Listening To Books-On-Tape On The Acquisition And Retention Of High Frequency Sight Words With At-Risk First Graders, Shawna Hochadel

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated the effect that listening to books on tape has on the high frequency sight word recognition of first graders identified as at-risk. The subjects consisted of 12 at-risk urban first graders split into two equal groups of six students each. The treatment lasted for 10 weeks, and each group alternated between listening to books-on-tape and using more traditional methods such as flash cards and word games to learn the words. The high frequency sight words were chosen by the publisher of the reading series currently used in the classroom. The results of the treatment were analyzed at ...


Sight Vocabulary And Computers: The Effect Of Stories Written In The Program Powerpoint On The Acquisition Of Sight Vocabulary In First Grade Students, Christopher J. Pratt May 2002

Sight Vocabulary And Computers: The Effect Of Stories Written In The Program Powerpoint On The Acquisition Of Sight Vocabulary In First Grade Students, Christopher J. Pratt

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of using fifth grade students' stories presented in a PowerPoint format as a tool for developing sight vocabulary for first graders.

The subjects were two heterogeneously grouped classes, a first grade and fifth grade class, from a suburban upstate school district in New York. There were twenty first graders who served as both treatment group A and treatment group B. The fifth grade students served as the cross-aged tutors that helped the first graders as they read.

Pretests of sight words were administered before the first grade students read the ...


A Description And Analysis Of Fifth Graders Response Journals, Diana Pratt May 2002

A Description And Analysis Of Fifth Graders Response Journals, Diana Pratt

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of critical thinking being achieved by students given free choice over response entry type.

A class of fifth-grade students from a rural school district was instructed in the five types of journal entries. The entry types were directly instructed, modeled, and assessed for mastery. After the journal entries were mastered the study began. Once a week the whole class was given DEAR time that could also be used for writing journal entries. Each student was to choose and write one entry per week for ten weeks. Each week the entry ...


The Degree To Which Student Self-Selection Of Literature From A Variety Of Genres Is Influenced By Teacher-Led Book Talks, Shawn L. Ranney May 2002

The Degree To Which Student Self-Selection Of Literature From A Variety Of Genres Is Influenced By Teacher-Led Book Talks, Shawn L. Ranney

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of teacher-led book talks in positively influencing students to select literature from a variety of genres. The subjects of this study consisted of twenty-four fifth grade students from a suburban elementary school in western New York who were exposed to teacher-led book talks designed to present a variety of literary genres.

Within a weekly cycle, participants were exposed daily to teacher-led book talks, a whole class brainstorming session, and a journal prompt intended to guide their reflections on a particular genre. The teacher-led book talks were comprised of oral readings ...


Spelling Tests: Teacher-Chosen Words Vs. Student-Chosen Words, Paulette T. Reddick May 2002

Spelling Tests: Teacher-Chosen Words Vs. Student-Chosen Words, Paulette T. Reddick

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated student-selected spelling words and teacher-selected spelling words. The subjects consisted of 14 urban second graders. Each week students took a spelling test of five teacher-selected words and five student-selected words. The scores on these tests were used to determine which type of spelling words the students performed better on. This study lasted four months. The data was analyzed using a t-test with dependent means. A descriptive analysis of the types of words selected was also performed.

The data from this study indicated that there is a statistically significant difference between the scores of the teacher-selected words and ...


A Study Of The Correlation Between 8th Grade Students’ Self-Concept Toward English-Language Arts Skills And Their Performance On A Standardized Test, Charles C. Roods May 2002

A Study Of The Correlation Between 8th Grade Students’ Self-Concept Toward English-Language Arts Skills And Their Performance On A Standardized Test, Charles C. Roods

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a statistically significant correlation between academic self-concept and performance in the subset areas of reading and language on a standardized test. More specifically, is there a statistically significant relationship between student performance and their self-reported perceptions to English-Language Arts assessment criteria from a standardized test.

The subjects consisted of 108 eighth grade students. Out of the total number of students, 87 were considered regular education students and 21 were classified with a learning disability. All subjects took the Terra Nova assessment in May of 2001 and were given the ...


A Comparison Between A Trade Book And Textbook Instructional Approach In A Multiage Elementary Social Studies Class, Michael Mcgrain Apr 2002

A Comparison Between A Trade Book And Textbook Instructional Approach In A Multiage Elementary Social Studies Class, Michael Mcgrain

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of using trade books in a multiage social studies class on students' ability to answer targeted higher level questions. The subjects were 23 students made up of third, fourth, and fifth graders in a multiage classroom. The students were taught a 3-week unit on Native Americans using the provided social studies textbook from the school district. When they were completed with the unit they were given a.5-question essay test that consisted of targeted higher level questions about that unit that the district provided. Upon completion of this unit the ...


What's So Exciting About Harry?: Responses From The Fourth Grade To Harry Potter, Cynthia Hayes-Low Apr 2002

What's So Exciting About Harry?: Responses From The Fourth Grade To Harry Potter, Cynthia Hayes-Low

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative research study was undertaken to gather thoughts and opinions of fourth grade students in regard to the Harry Potter series of books. Ten fourth grade students of a suburban Western New York school district were interviewed. The prerequisite for the interview was that the student had to have read, or listened to, at least one of the Harry Potter books. The interviews were conducted in a quiet setting with only the interviewer and student present. The interviewer and the student were visible to other adults at all times. The interviews were conducted before the release of the movie ...


An Investigation Into Computer Technology And Commercial Software: The Effects Of Fourth Grade Reading Comprehension Based On Two Different Modes Of Presentation, Charles Meier Apr 2002

An Investigation Into Computer Technology And Commercial Software: The Effects Of Fourth Grade Reading Comprehension Based On Two Different Modes Of Presentation, Charles Meier

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential of commercially produced software. It evaluated the effectiveness of two different treatments and explored the relationship this may have upon increasing students' reading comprehension among fourth grade students. The subjects involved were forty heterogeneously grouped fourth grade students from a rural school setting school. The students were divided into two groups. A total of sixteen stories were read. The first group, Treatment A, utilized the computers, paired with commercially produced software, to complete eight reading passages. The second group, Treatment B, read the same stories but relied on non-computer methods ...


An Investigation Of How Integrating Visual Art Into The Language Arts Curriculum Affects Children's Reading Achievement In A First Grade Classroom, Lisa Zona Apr 2002

An Investigation Of How Integrating Visual Art Into The Language Arts Curriculum Affects Children's Reading Achievement In A First Grade Classroom, Lisa Zona

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of the study was to investigate how integrating visual art into the language arts curriculum affected children's reading achievement. The study included 2 classes of first graders. The control group followed the first grade art curriculum, which consists of learning to use different media, learning about the elements of art, and creating art. The experimental group participated in arts activities that reinforced the content of children's literature stories used as part of the language arts program.

The experimental research study was analyzed using quantitative methods. A comparison of the running reading records of both groups for ...


Developmental Spelling Analysis And Word Study: An Alternative To Traditional Spelling Programs, Stephanie Clearwater-Harney Mar 2002

Developmental Spelling Analysis And Word Study: An Alternative To Traditional Spelling Programs, Stephanie Clearwater-Harney

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the benefits of a developmental spelling program utilizing word study as the primary mode of spelling instruction versus a homogeneously based traditional spelling program. Twenty-eight first grade students were administered a developmental spelling inventory to determine their stage of orthographic development. The stages were Preliterate Stage, Early Letter Name stage, Letter Name stage, or Within Word Pattern Stage. Fourteen students in the control group received spelling instruction in a whole group setting from their classroom teacher. A traditional spelling program including weekly spelling lists was utilized. A word study based program ...


An Investigation Into The Placement Of Fifth Grade Students With Third Grade Students In A Peer-Tutoring Environment, Debra E. Perry Jan 2002

An Investigation Into The Placement Of Fifth Grade Students With Third Grade Students In A Peer-Tutoring Environment, Debra E. Perry

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to see if positive self-concept benefits could be gained in a peer tutoring setting by either or both the tutor and the tutee.

The subjects consisted of 14, third and fifth grade students from a rural elementary school in Western New York. The students were given pre and post tests of the Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale to assess their overall self-concept. Students meet for ten weeks in their tutor/tutee pairs. Data were also collected from journal entries and interviews. The experimental study was analyzed using quantitative methods.

Results from the t test indicated that ...