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Fostering Motivation With An Authentic Task Based Unit On Linear Modeling, Brandon Derue May 2019

Fostering Motivation With An Authentic Task Based Unit On Linear Modeling, Brandon Derue

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum project was created to provide teachers with additional resources to use when teaching an 8th grade unit on linear modeling. The included activities put an emphasis on grappling with new ideas, communication, and developing understanding through a project using real world mathematics. An embedded goal in the curriculum is to foster student motivation in mathematics. The main topic involves constructing scatter plots, noticing trends in the data, and constructing lines of best fit based on these trends. Recommendations are included by the author for implementing the included activities, as well as a rubric for evaluating the student ...


Rethinking Mathematical Proofs And The Opportunity To Learn, Robert Burgett Apr 2019

Rethinking Mathematical Proofs And The Opportunity To Learn, Robert Burgett

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Mathematical proofs are conceptually difficult for many students and the perceived lack of relevance in terms of authenticity and practicality may result in feelings of apathy or indifference. Providing students with connections and applications of the process of proof-solving can help alleviate this problem. This curriculum project includes materials designed to supplement existing units on geometric proof. These materials are intended to provide teachers with opportunities for students to both frequently practice with components of mathematical literacy relative to proofs and to allow multiple opportunities for students to demonstrate growth and evidence of learning. Mathematical discourse amongst students is also ...


Autonomy, Education, Virtue, Seamus Clarkin Dec 2018

Autonomy, Education, Virtue, Seamus Clarkin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The ways in which educators have tried to implement autonomy support have typically been constrained by their pedagogical interests and demands from above for certain threshold levels of performance. In our current educational system, this treats autonomy as a means to the end of measurement-based outcomes. The research on autonomy such as self-determination theory (SDT) often acknowledges the significance as a matter of background, but the actual ways teachers bring it into class is typically much more superficial than what might be possible with authentic cognitive autonomy support. Further, the innate status of the three needs put forth by SDT ...


Culturally Responsive Teaching Practices For Educators Of Culturally And Linguistically Diverse Students, Tyler Jarosinski Jul 2018

Culturally Responsive Teaching Practices For Educators Of Culturally And Linguistically Diverse Students, Tyler Jarosinski

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Schools within the United States have grown tremendously over the last decade in cultural and linguistic diversity. Teachers have a responsibility to teach all students, regardless of their unique backgrounds or language abilities; however, English language learners and students of color are not receiving the same academic success as their White and English-dominant peers. Rochester City School District Regents exam data illustrates observable racial achievement disproportionality that suggests certain groups of students are not receiving an equitable education. To combat this disproportionality, a handbook and professional development plan was created for Rochester-area teachers at World of Inquiry School (WOIS) to ...


An Introduction To Implementing Technology In The Classroom Using Interactive Web-Based Applications, Matthew Rybak May 2018

An Introduction To Implementing Technology In The Classroom Using Interactive Web-Based Applications, Matthew Rybak

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Today’s students have grown up in a world where technology is an essential and accessible component of daily life, and it therefore plays an integral role in the modern classroom. Implementing technology into the traditional classroom can be an intimidating task; this curriculum project aims to aid educators in understanding the benefits of using technology, and to simplify its implementation. Desmos and Nearpod are used in this curriculum because they are excellent examples of two user-friendly and adaptable applets that facilitate technology-focused instruction. Each of the two units in this curriculum are designed to assist teachers who use a ...


A Project Based Learning Approach To Teaching Geometry In A 7th Grade Classroom, Jamie Bish May 2018

A Project Based Learning Approach To Teaching Geometry In A 7th Grade Classroom, Jamie Bish

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum project was created by a teacher for teachers, to present an example of how to use project based learning in a 7th grade mathematics curriculum while meeting the New York State Common Core Standards. More specifically, the project asks students to create a building plan that would fill a need in their community and present this plan to an interested group. The project focuses on a number of mathematical concepts including area, volume, ratios, and proportions.


Credit Card Interest Curriculum For Algebra 1 And Algebra 2, Agnieszka Wallace May 2018

Credit Card Interest Curriculum For Algebra 1 And Algebra 2, Agnieszka Wallace

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum project was designed to support teachers to implement credit card interest literacy into the Algebra 1 and Algebra 2 curriculum and was created by a second career teacher from the financial field. Financial mistakes made early in life can have serious implications and could be very costly. Studies show that less than one-third of young adults understand the concept of compound interest. This curriculum project includes compound interest algebra topics connected to financial applications of credit card interest.


Alternative Assessments: Moving Learning Forward In A Geometry Classroom, Lindsey Hadzima May 2018

Alternative Assessments: Moving Learning Forward In A Geometry Classroom, Lindsey Hadzima

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This project was created by a teacher for teachers, providing alternative assessments for a geometry classroom. The assessments emphasize collaboration and group work as part of the assessment task. Topics include geometric proofs, geometric constructions, Pythagorean Theorem, trigonometry, polygons and polyhedra, volume and surface area. Recommendations for how and when to use each alternative assessment have been provided by the author. Additionally scoring rubrics have been provided. The alternative assessments are aligned to the Common Core State Standards, specifically geometry standards throughout secondary grade levels.


A Global Mind Is A Nurtured Mind: The Demand To Consider And Cure The Deprivation Of Multicultural Education, Amber D'Ambrosia Dec 2017

A Global Mind Is A Nurtured Mind: The Demand To Consider And Cure The Deprivation Of Multicultural Education, Amber D'Ambrosia

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The leaders of tomorrow are the bright and knowledgeable students of today. The problem with how these students are being prepared for their role as future leaders stems from the lack of diversity in literature, and the overall lack of multicultural education in American public schools. The dominant narratives being published, circulated, and studied in schools do not appropriately reflect, nor appropriately engage the multifaceted population of students accessing the discourse. The United States must no longer be notorious for its belief in its own cultural and historical superiority, but instead should begin making strides toward evolving the educational experiences ...


Inner Dialogue Reading Behaviors And Student Comprehension Of Texts, Antonio Madau Dec 2017

Inner Dialogue Reading Behaviors And Student Comprehension Of Texts, Antonio Madau

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study examines the use of inner dialogue reading behaviors by third grade students who achieve high scores on commercial reading assessments. The study looks at one class of third grade students in Western New York, and comparatively analyzes their self-reported use of reading behaviors in relation to their achieved scores on the Next Step in Guided Reading (GRA) commercial reading assessment. The researcher collected qualitative data from the participants using results from the administered GRA assessment, structured verbal interviews, and participants’ written responses in their weekly Independent Reading Logs. Conclusions for participants who scored highly on commercial reading assessments ...


Out With The Old, In With The New Digital Era Instruction: 21st Century Education Must Conform To The Needs Of "Digital Kids", Sheila Neth Jul 2017

Out With The Old, In With The New Digital Era Instruction: 21st Century Education Must Conform To The Needs Of "Digital Kids", Sheila Neth

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Modern day youths are known for their tech savvy ways and dependency on digital devices. They choose to spend their free time in front of a digital screen chatting, taking and sending photos, playing games, drafting emoji messages, etc. These youths are then expected to attend school and remove all electronic devices and pay attention for 6+ hours a day in each seat for at least 40-minute intervals. The relevancy to learn is lost; students can hardly see any relevancy in the content being learned at school with their own lives filled with technology and immediate driven results. Thus, it ...


Engaging Assessment In English Language Arts, Joseph L. Dugan, Jr. May 2017

Engaging Assessment In English Language Arts, Joseph L. Dugan, Jr.

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Assessment is key to effective instruction. In the English classroom, engaging assessment can appear difficult because of the emphasis on the development of core reading skills. However, learning how students decipher information reveals that each individual learns according to their own unique connections. Examining and understanding the impact of Dr. Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence Theory is the key to engaging assessments. This thesis dissects Dr. Gardner’s M.I. Theory and provides insight on how students learn. Furthermore, the research focuses on how Gardner’s Theory can be used to develop strategies and assessments in order to accurately and ...


Gaining Perspective: Social Media’S Impact On Adolescent Literacy Development, Kayla Swan May 2017

Gaining Perspective: Social Media’S Impact On Adolescent Literacy Development, Kayla Swan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative study explores both teacher and student perspectives of social media’s impact on adolescent literacy development. In addition, it also investigates perspectives concerning if and how social media could be integrated into a classroom to improve student literacy skills. Research remains in dispute regarding the impact of social media use on literacy skills, as there are studies that claim social media both positively and negatively impacts students’ skills. Surveys of both teachers and students as well as semi-structured interviews of students were given and analyzed to gain insight concerning both the impact of social media on literacy skills ...


A Financial Literacy Curriculum Project On Linear Functions In Algebra I Aligned With New York State Common Core State Standards, Michael T. Hughson Jr May 2017

A Financial Literacy Curriculum Project On Linear Functions In Algebra I Aligned With New York State Common Core State Standards, Michael T. Hughson Jr

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

There is a lack of financial literacy curriculum available for teachers to support students learning of mathematical skills that are needed in real life. Financial literacy curricula can support students learning real life skills needed before independent living situations in college or career. Direct mathematical modelling and application can support students comprehension of the relationship between financial literacy and algebra. This curriculum highlights the ideology of the need to know drives learning and aligns real world financial literacy problems to the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) algebra standards.


Contemporary Strategies For The 21st Century Curriculum And Modern Student In English Language Arts, Shannon Ekas Dec 2016

Contemporary Strategies For The 21st Century Curriculum And Modern Student In English Language Arts, Shannon Ekas

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The 21st century has significantly changed socially, economically, and naturally from previous centuries. This affects every aspect of life, especially major aspects of life such as education. Today, the modern student needs different forms of support and instruction from their teachers in order to thrive academically in school. This thesis explores the strategies and mindsets that teachers must implement in the 21st century English Language Arts (ELA) classroom, influenced by the modern student’s world. Specifically, this research focuses on using research-based, contemporary strategies and educational technology to enhance a learning environment that fosters culturally-responsive and student-centered teaching instruction in ...


Motivating Students To Read: A Case Study, Samantha K. Ericksen Dec 2016

Motivating Students To Read: A Case Study, Samantha K. Ericksen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper explores various literacy techniques that can be used to motivate and engage students to read. The literacy techniques examined were student choice, student interest, rereading with a purpose, and book discussions. A case study was conducted to determine whether or not these techniques increased reading engagement and motivation.


Solving Systems Of Equations And Inequalities: An Algebra Unit Plan Aligned To The New York State Common Core, Nicole Scipione Dec 2016

Solving Systems Of Equations And Inequalities: An Algebra Unit Plan Aligned To The New York State Common Core, Nicole Scipione

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As a response to both the implementation of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and a recent approval of a change by the New York State Board of Regents to allow multiple pathways for graduation, this curriculum project, which will be referred to as a unit plan throughout the paper, was designed to meet the need for more units of study that address looking for and making use of structure in Algebra. The unit plan on solving systems of equations and inequalities is aligned to the New York State Common Core Learning Standards for mathematics (NYSCCLM) and addresses looking for ...


The Question Of Digital Game Based Learning: An Investigation Into The Potential Promises And Perils Of Education's Golden Goose, Molly E. O'Riley Dec 2016

The Question Of Digital Game Based Learning: An Investigation Into The Potential Promises And Perils Of Education's Golden Goose, Molly E. O'Riley

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper seeks to explore the recent research around digital game based learning (DGBL) and the K-12 classroom. Through an analytical review of the literature, this paper explores relationships between extant professional literature and empirical research, as well as examining common themes found through the exploration. There seems to be a dearth between the anecdotal literature advocating the use of DGBL in the classroom and empirical research to support its actual effect. This study looks at four different research articles written between 2010 and 2015 in order to find out if there is empirical evidence that supports the use of ...


Don’T Forget About Social Studies: A Unit Plan Project On Using Integration In Elementary Social Studies, Roland J. Yockel Ii Dec 2016

Don’T Forget About Social Studies: A Unit Plan Project On Using Integration In Elementary Social Studies, Roland J. Yockel Ii

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Social studies is one of the four core content areas in the elementary curriculum. With the current climate of standardized testing and the Common Core standards, social studies is facing marginalization in the elementary classroom. More and more time is being spent on English Language Arts (ELA) and mathematics and less time is being spent on social studies. Elementary social studies is facing a problem that could greatly affect the future of the elementary classroom.

This project looks at and addresses the problem of marginalization of elementary social studies. The literature review identifies the details of the current state of ...


Differentiation In Chemistry For Students With Various Levels Of Cognitive Efficiency, Marilyn Laistner Oct 2016

Differentiation In Chemistry For Students With Various Levels Of Cognitive Efficiency, Marilyn Laistner

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Using Cognitive Load Theory as a tool to help teachers differentiate in a Chemistry classroom can benefit both teacher and student. Using this theory, teachers can evaluate their lessons and activities and gauge how challenging they will be for their students, which invites teachers to adapt their methods based on their students’ skills. Students’ capabilities can be measured using the idea of cognitive efficiency. If they complete a task quickly and with a low amount of effort, versus a peer who completes the same task over a long time, applying a great deal of effort with little result, the first ...


Uncovering Models And Visualizations In The Chemistry Classroom, An Assessment Of Classroom Activities And Lessons, Michael Brooke-Gay Oct 2016

Uncovering Models And Visualizations In The Chemistry Classroom, An Assessment Of Classroom Activities And Lessons, Michael Brooke-Gay

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Chemistry education, although difficult, can be improved through the use of modeling and visualizations in the classroom. Example case studies throughout will show the importance of models and questioning techniques used to assess student understanding. By injecting mental models, physical scientific models, cartoons, analogies and computer simulations into the curriculum, chemistry can become a subject where seeing the unseen is possible.


Physics Inquiry Starters: Labs To Introduce Physics Content, Jason S. Pritchard Oct 2016

Physics Inquiry Starters: Labs To Introduce Physics Content, Jason S. Pritchard

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The Next Generation Science standards emphasize students thinking and working like scientists. The New York State Board of Regents adopted the draft New York State Science Learning Standards based on the Next Generation Science Standards in December 2016 for implementation beginning July 1, 2017. Teachers are concerned about such a short timeline to implement new standards. While these standards do not include new content for Physics teachers, many of them deepen the content and require a higher level of Blooms Taxonomy to meet the standards than the previous standards. Research backs inquiry-based learning in the science classroom (Jackson & Ash, 2012; Marshall & Alston, 2014; Shemwell ...


Rearranging Algebraic Equations Using Electrical Circuit Applications: A Unit Plan Aligned To The New York State Common Core Learning Standards, Susan L. Sommers Jun 2016

Rearranging Algebraic Equations Using Electrical Circuit Applications: A Unit Plan Aligned To The New York State Common Core Learning Standards, Susan L. Sommers

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As a response to both the implementation of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and a recent approval of a change by the New York State Board of Regents to allow multiple pathways for graduation, this curriculum project, which will be referred to as a unit plan throughout the paper, was designed to meet the need for more units of study that apply mathematical modeling in algebra to real world situations that allow students to explore applications of mathematics in careers. The unit plan on rearranging algebraic equations using electrical circuit applications is aligned to the New York State Common ...


The Use Of Reading Strategy Prompts In Math, Jessica N. Newton May 2016

The Use Of Reading Strategy Prompts In Math, Jessica N. Newton

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative study explores the use of the three main reading strategy prompts from the cueing system in small group math instruction. It discusses the need for teachers in the secondary school setting to be knowledgeable about the reading process so that they can help struggling readers. The study seeks to offer a method for teachers of all content areas to begin supporting readers. One-on-one interviews were conducted to determine the participants’ current use of reading strategies prior to and at the conclusion of five mini-lessons, in which the researcher implemented the use of three reading strategy prompts: Does that ...


Teaching To Think & Read Like A Historian, Erin E. Moses May 2016

Teaching To Think & Read Like A Historian, Erin E. Moses

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study explores how a disciplinary literacy framework could impact adolescent comprehension in the content area of social studies. I collected qualitative data by recording interviews with five high school social studies teachers, while also analyzing the school’s curriculum and its integration of literacy. Several findings were acquired from the research: 1) a need to return to the basics of reading and writing; 2) break down the sources for student comprehension of complex texts used in social studies classes; 3) students’ struggle with historical writing; and 4) comprehension literacy strategies used in social studies classrooms. Conclusions from this study ...


The Importance Of The Implementation And Learning Of Spanish Language Arts, Adrializ Serrano May 2016

The Importance Of The Implementation And Learning Of Spanish Language Arts, Adrializ Serrano

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In the United States, there are “roughly about 54 million” people who are Hispanic or of Hispanic heritage (Hispanic or Latino Populations, 2015). Of this population, there are a substantial number of children who are enrolled in schools across the country. As these students become enrolled in school, the need to accommodate for their linguistic and academic needs is greater. The purpose of Dual Language bilingual programs is to develop students' native language, while developing their second language through language arts and content instruction in both languages. The students who part take in an effective Dual Language program are privileged ...


Accountable Talk As A Strategy To Increase Reading Comprehension For All Children, Kelly A. Bellamy May 2016

Accountable Talk As A Strategy To Increase Reading Comprehension For All Children, Kelly A. Bellamy

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research explores the implementation of the accountable talk strategy in reading workshop. The purpose of this research is to better support all students by implementing the strategy in the hope that it will not only improve oral language development, but impact reading comprehension. Data were collected for this study over a period of 4 weeks using the students’ reading assessments, transcribed audio recordings, and observation notes of guided reading groups. Data were analyzed for how the students engage with the accountable talk strategy and how the strategy will impact students’ reading comprehension during reading sessions.


A Magnified View: The Impact Of Arts Integration In The Ela And Social Studies Classroom, Alyson M. Tardy May 2016

A Magnified View: The Impact Of Arts Integration In The Ela And Social Studies Classroom, Alyson M. Tardy

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative research study explores the impact of arts integration in the ELA and social studies classroom. Through interdisciplinary lessons that weave music, theater, visual art, and movement with ELA and social studies content; this research explores the result of arts integration in the classroom. The fourth grade student participants in this study have contributed their ideas, understanding and reflections of the interdisciplinary ELA and social studies lessons through a collection of work samples, surveys, and interviews. Although the New York State Common Core State Standards have created a shift in content priorities and objectives for teachers, this study examines ...


Read Alouds And Their Impact On Students' Literacy Development, Rebecca L. Walch May 2016

Read Alouds And Their Impact On Students' Literacy Development, Rebecca L. Walch

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative study explores the impact of reading aloud to upper or intermediate elementary students. The purpose of this study is to research how fourth grade students respond to a variety of read aloud texts, and how these rich literacy experiences impact students’ literacy development. This study gives background information about read alouds in the classroom and explores one fourth grade class's responses to read aloud text including the impact of these read alouds on students' literacy development.


A Culturally Relevant Conceptual Unit Plan For The Engagement Of African American Male Adolescents In The Rochester City School District, Quiana D. Beasley May 2016

A Culturally Relevant Conceptual Unit Plan For The Engagement Of African American Male Adolescents In The Rochester City School District, Quiana D. Beasley

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The implementation of the Common Core State Standards, coupled with the usage of pre-scripted lessons, has seemingly widened the achievement gap for African American male students. In a school district such as the Rochester City School District, in Rochester, NY, the graduation rates for this group of students is and has been consistently low. This project was created in an effort to introduce these specific students to an alternative in literacy instruction versus the traditional scripted lesson plans. The Conceptual Unit Plan within this project was constructed to engage adolescent African-American males within an English classroom, aid in their continued ...