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Educational Psychology

1993

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Articles 1 - 28 of 28

Full-Text Articles in Education

The Development Of The Parent Effectiveness Test (Pet), Sharon S. Morrison Dec 1993

The Development Of The Parent Effectiveness Test (Pet), Sharon S. Morrison

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Abstract Not Available.


The Relationship Of Right Brain/Left Brain Hemispheric Dimensions Of Cognitive Style Between Teachers And Principals In Northeast Tennessee, Thomas S. Little Dec 1993

The Relationship Of Right Brain/Left Brain Hemispheric Dimensions Of Cognitive Style Between Teachers And Principals In Northeast Tennessee, Thomas S. Little

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The Problem of this study was to determine if the cognitive style of elementary school principals affects the principal's evaluation of a teacher when there is a match or mismatch between the principal's and teacher's cognitive style. Using the Productivity Environmental Preference Survey, the dimensions of right brain/left brain hemispheric dimensions of cognitive style were measured for the sample population. The sample population included 40 elementary school principals and 120 elementary school teachers. The 120 teachers were made up of teachers selected by each of the 40 principals as the most effective teachers in the school ...


The Effects Of An Outdoor Camping Experience On The Self-Concept & Wilderness Anxiety Of Fifth & Sixth Grade Students At Camp Webb, Freda Mays Aug 1993

The Effects Of An Outdoor Camping Experience On The Self-Concept & Wilderness Anxiety Of Fifth & Sixth Grade Students At Camp Webb, Freda Mays

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

The problem statement for this study was "Will a one-week Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources camping experience result in a significant difference in the mean pretest and posttest selfconcept and wilderness anxiety scores of fifth and sixth grade students at Camp Webb as measured by the Willoughby Schedule and the Crume/Ellis Wilderness Anxiety Scale?" This study was a replication of two other studies sponsored by the Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources (KDFWR). The first study was conducted by Charles T. Crume and G. Mac Lang (1990) at Camp Earl Wallace; and, the second study was ...


Relationships Between Student Motivation Training & Motivation, Achievement, Attendance & Classroom Behavior, Kelly Davis Aug 1993

Relationships Between Student Motivation Training & Motivation, Achievement, Attendance & Classroom Behavior, Kelly Davis

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

The purpose of the present study was to replicate a student motivation training program (Hughes, 1990) and extend the investigation by including the relationships between student motivation training and achievement, attendance, and classroom behavior. Participants were all 4th- and 5th -grade students from two elementary schools. A separate -sample, pretest-posttest control group design was used. The study addressed eight questions regarding the effects of student motivation training. Results indicated that student motivation, teacher perceptions of student motivation, and the number of motivational idea units on two of three writing samples were enhanced as a result of the training program. No ...


Literacy And Development: Rationales, Assessments, And Innovation, Daniel A. Wagner Jun 1993

Literacy And Development: Rationales, Assessments, And Innovation, Daniel A. Wagner

Working Papers (Literacy.org)

Literacy and economic development have existed as terms that are inextricably linked in the literature, often with little examination. As one looks more closely at the rationales for this relationship, it becomes clear that much more needs to be known about the functions and uses of literacy in everyday life, how literacy is linked to productive activity, and how literacy is learned (and taught) across the life-span. In order to achieve both understanding and improved literacy programming, it is crucial that better methods of assessment and program evaluation be put into place. This paper reviews prior experience in assessment, with ...


Preferred Motivators For Previously Incarcerated Criminals, Selma R. Massey Jun 1993

Preferred Motivators For Previously Incarcerated Criminals, Selma R. Massey

Dissertations

The issue of motivators has been studied by a number of researchers and practitioners in education, sociology, and psychology. Many of these studies have linked motivators to behavior (Coffey, 1987; Coleman, 1987; Gellerman, 1963; Gould & Sigall, 1977). Questions remain, however, as to which motivators are viewed by actors themselves as the most preferred influencers of behavior. The primary objective of the research was to compare the rank order of the most frequently cited motivators identified in research studies and the rank order of the most preferred motivators as perceived by previously incarcerated criminal respondents. A secondary objective was to determine ...


The Effects Of Parental Tutoring On Reading Achievement, Cara K. Krumrie Jun 1993

The Effects Of Parental Tutoring On Reading Achievement, Cara K. Krumrie

Master's Theses

Supplemental parent tutoring was investigated to determine its effects on student reading and error rate. This study used a multiple baseline design and was implemented in classrooms at Project Help, a remedial reading center, located on Western Michigan University's campus. Seven subjects were involved in this research, four serving as experimental subjects and three serving as controls. Both groups were observed during their reading checks. Results of the study indicate no observable difference in reading and error rate between those students receiving supplemental home tutoring and those receiving no supplemental tutoring.


Functional Outcome Analysis: Do The Costs Outweigh The Benefits?, Susan M. Sheridan May 1993

Functional Outcome Analysis: Do The Costs Outweigh The Benefits?, Susan M. Sheridan

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Noell and Gresham (this issue) provide a thoughtful and insightful description of Functional Outcome Analysis (FOA) as an important construct for the evaluation of consultation and prereferral interventions. Their “framework for investigating relationships between interventions, behavior change, costs, benefits, treatment integrity, treatment acceptability, and ecological validity” (p. 38) is novel, and there is a definite need for expanding our considerations of outcome in consultation research and practice. There is obvious scientific and empirical appeal to the conceptual model of FOA. In particular, it has the potential to move consultation research in a new and exciting direction. However, practically speaking, one ...


The Effect Of Aerobic Exercise On Self-Esteem And Personal Management In Undergraduate College Students, Karen E. Watts Apr 1993

The Effect Of Aerobic Exercise On Self-Esteem And Personal Management In Undergraduate College Students, Karen E. Watts

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

Many students in college have poor self-management skills and poor self-esteem. Physical exercise is associated with feelings of well-being. Twenty-five undergraduate college students participated in an experiment which measured self-esteem, self-motivation, and various physical abilities and heart rate. Stu- dents in the experimental group were asked to increase their aerobic exercise frequency by at least thirty minutes per week as well as to keep a log of their physical activities. No significant increases in self­ motivation nor self-perception in either the control or the experimental group were found. Some physical improvements were found, however, and most participants reported feeling better ...


The Effects Of Cooperative Learning On Self-Perceived, Classroom Group Acceptance By Students In A Juvenile Correctional Facility, Lisa R. Dyson Apr 1993

The Effects Of Cooperative Learning On Self-Perceived, Classroom Group Acceptance By Students In A Juvenile Correctional Facility, Lisa R. Dyson

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

A group of 53 juveniles in a correctional facility were studied to find the effects of cooperative learning on self-percieved classroom group acceptance. A quasi­-experimental, test, re-test design was utilized. students were asked to fill out a survey, before and after treatment reflecting upon the ease with which the students shared opinions with other members of the class. The students in the experimental group, where cooperative learning was implemented for four weeks, rated their comfort levels significantly higher than those students in the control condition. The findings show that cooperative learning, when used with incarcerated youth, does have a ...


Improving The Perception Students With Learning Disabilities Have Of Students With Mental Retardation Through Peer Tutoring, Sarah R. Raffetto Apr 1993

Improving The Perception Students With Learning Disabilities Have Of Students With Mental Retardation Through Peer Tutoring, Sarah R. Raffetto

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

A quasi-experimental design was used to test two hypotheses : that peer tutoring would alter the perception that students with learning disabilities held of students with mental retardation and that the peer tutoring program would improve the spelling scores of both the tutors and the tutees . Two classes of 17 students with learning disabilities and students with mental retardation served as the participants. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to calculate the significance of the program. The analysis of the results showed a trend towards improvement in perception that the tutors held of students with mental retardation, but because a chi ...


Comparing Selection-Based And Topography-Based Language Systems With Verbal Adults Learning Japanese Words, Matthew A. Stratton Apr 1993

Comparing Selection-Based And Topography-Based Language Systems With Verbal Adults Learning Japanese Words, Matthew A. Stratton

Master's Theses

This study compared selection-based with topography-based learning of similar verbal relationships. In two previous studies, using developmentally disabled subjects, topography-based relations were easier to learn. The previous researchers suggested that the advantage of a topography-based system would increase as the number of relations to be learned increased.

To investigate this possibility, the present study used a 5 and 20-stimulus version of each system. Four independent groups of seven college students each were used in a two by two design. The selection-based task consisted in learning to point to the Japanese character appropriate for each English sample. The topography-based task consisted ...


Effective Techniques/Methods For Conference Presentations: Research Issues, John A. Henschke Edd Jan 1993

Effective Techniques/Methods For Conference Presentations: Research Issues, John A. Henschke Edd

IACE Hall of Fame Repository

Consistent pleas have been made for using participative techniques/methods in adult, continuing, community or extension education conference designs and presentations which assure more stimulating and proactive learning experiences. Despite these pleas, conference audiences, often quite large in number, are typically "treated" to lectures, papers, stilted presentations, etc., and have little opportunity for participation in the proceedings of the conference sessions. Nevertheless, many publications and one definition of "conference" suggest that although the degree of conference participativeness varies, the "better" ones have resource persons who not only imaginatively devise ways to obtain participants input via small group work as well ...


The Effect Of Assigning Specific Roles In Science Groups On The Gender Behaviour Of Primary School Children, Janet F. Bant Jan 1993

The Effect Of Assigning Specific Roles In Science Groups On The Gender Behaviour Of Primary School Children, Janet F. Bant

Theses : Honours

This thesis reports on an investigation into the effects on gender behaviour of assigning specific roles (Manager, Tracker, Recorder, Communicator) to primary aged members of a cooperative learning group in science. The study was: carried out in a Year 4 and a Year 5 classroom in a Perth primary school. Both classes used a six lesson programme on a physical science topic prepared by the researcher and taught by the classroom teacher. The target subjects were randomly chosen from students meeting certain criteria defined by the researcher. All other subjects were allocated to either single- or mixed-gender groups of four ...


Schoolwide Social Skills Training: Providing Preventive Services To Students At-Risk, Robert N. Jones, Susan M. Sheridan, Wayne R. Binns Jan 1993

Schoolwide Social Skills Training: Providing Preventive Services To Students At-Risk, Robert N. Jones, Susan M. Sheridan, Wayne R. Binns

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

This paper reports a schoolwide social skills assessment and training model including a two-gate student identification procedure (i.e., in-class social skills training for all students and small group intensive training for at-risk target students). The model is directed at reducing future serious problems by addressing identified difficulties early (i.e., through secondary prevention procedures). Specific model objectives are to (a) utilize a comprehensive, multigate procedure to identify students at risk; (b) implement schoolwide training procedures to teach a number of important prosocial skills identified by teachers; (c) treat a subgroup of target subjects considered at highest risk for developing ...


Distance Education Via Compressed Video: An Evaluation Of The Attitudes And Perceptions Of Students And Instructors , Karen Ann Jurasek Jan 1993

Distance Education Via Compressed Video: An Evaluation Of The Attitudes And Perceptions Of Students And Instructors , Karen Ann Jurasek

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The past few years have seen an increased interest in the use of compressed video technology to deliver instruction. The purpose of this study was to evaluate: (a) whether compressed video technology could be used to deliver distance education courses effectively, (b) whether instructors' and students' would have positive attitudes toward the technology, and (c) whether there was a difference in the learning of students at either the origination site or the receive site.


A Case Study Of Ten School-Avoidant Students , Mary Anderson Richards Jan 1993

A Case Study Of Ten School-Avoidant Students , Mary Anderson Richards

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this case study was to examine and to provide information about the early identification of school-avoidance behavior. Factor analysis was performed on the interview data of 10 school-avoidant students, their parents, teachers or school counselors. The Self-esteem Index was administered to the school-avoidant students and a control group of 10 students matched according to gender and grade. Interviews, school attendance records, test results, developmental histories, medical histories, and observations were the data used to draw generalizations concerning the school-avoidant students, their parents, and their educators. Results from the interpretation of data revealed: (a) the school-avoidant students exhibited ...


Academic And Psychosocial Perspectives On Giftedness During Adolescence , Mary Ann Swiatek Jan 1993

Academic And Psychosocial Perspectives On Giftedness During Adolescence , Mary Ann Swiatek

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two complete papers are combined to form a study of academic and social aspects of the lives of gifted adolescents. The first paper focuses upon academic experiences among individuals who were academically accelerated during adolescence. Results indicate that the long-term academic performance of accelerated gifted individuals is at least equal to that of equally gifted non-accelerants. Although few significant differences are found between the groups on individual variables, the accelerates outperformed the non-accelerates across variables. No evidence is found to support the common concern that gifted students may be harmed by accelerative experiences;The second paper examines the social experiences ...


Learning Styles Of Post-Secondary Vocational Education Students And Hotel Managers In The Bahamas , Sophia Anne Rolle Jan 1993

Learning Styles Of Post-Secondary Vocational Education Students And Hotel Managers In The Bahamas , Sophia Anne Rolle

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study determined the learning styles of full-time post-secondary vocational education students and hotel general managers in the Bahamas. The study also examined differences in learning styles of students and managers, and examined differences in learning styles among students majoring in four full-time programs at the Bahamas Hotel Training College (BHTC) in Nassau, Bahamas;The sample contained two groups, 94 full-time post-secondary vocational education students at BHTC, and 24 hotel general managers in Nassau. The Marshall and Merritt (1984) Learning Style Instrument-Semantic Differential (LSI-SD) was used to measure learning styles based on Kolb's (1984) leading style model. Frequencies, percentages ...


Career Maturity Of College Seniors As A Function Of Gender, Sex-Role Identification, And Choice Of Major , Janice Dawson-Threat Jan 1993

Career Maturity Of College Seniors As A Function Of Gender, Sex-Role Identification, And Choice Of Major , Janice Dawson-Threat

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Development of identity was examined as reflected in the ability to establish and clarify purpose and develop academic autonomy, combined as Career Maturity. Each variable was related to gender sex-role identification (androgynous, masculine-identified, feminine-identified, and undifferentiated), choice of major (male-dominated, female-dominated), and sex-appropriateness of major (sex-appropriate, sex-inappropriate);Three-hundred-ninety-six seniors completed the BEM Sex Role Inventory and the Student Developmental Task and Lifestyle Inventory. Students were enrolled in engineering and business (male-dominated), or education and family and consumer sciences (female-dominated);Students clustered in majors that were sex-appropriate for them. Females in sex-appropriate majors described themselves as more feminine than females in ...


An Examination Of The Effectiveness Of Elaborative Interrogation For Adult Learners As A Function Of Study Context, Tracey Diane Idle Jan 1993

An Examination Of The Effectiveness Of Elaborative Interrogation For Adult Learners As A Function Of Study Context, Tracey Diane Idle

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

This study examined the effectiveness of elaborative interrogation for memory enhancement relative to self-selected and repetition strategies. It also examined the potency of the strategies when students worked individually or with a partner. One hundred and twenty university students were assigned to one of the study strategies and one study context. Students studied sixty animal facts. Thirty of the animal facts were about familiar animals while the other thirty were about unfamiliar animals. Students trained to use elaborative interrogation and allowed to select their own strategy were more successful at recognizing familiar animals than those trained to use repetition. Students ...


Responsibility As A Factor In Adjustment For Siblings Of Children With Retardation, Victoria Boccelli Damiani Jan 1993

Responsibility As A Factor In Adjustment For Siblings Of Children With Retardation, Victoria Boccelli Damiani

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Forty mothers of children with retardation and forty-one mothers of children without disabilities rated their nondisabled children on levels of in-home responsibility and psychological adjustment. Siblings of children with retardation were found to show significantly more difficulty in psychological adjustment but not more in-home responsibility. Mean scores on ratings of psychological adjustment were in the normal range for both groups. There was no relationship between the degree of responsibility the sibling had in the home and the degree of psychological difficulty. Girls in both groups had significantly more responsibility than boys. Mothers of children with disabilities did not report closer ...


Word Reading Strategies: A Replication And Follow Up Intervention, Andrew Davoll Jan 1993

Word Reading Strategies: A Replication And Follow Up Intervention, Andrew Davoll

Theses : Honours

The first stage of this study involved a replication of the cluster analysts procedures used by Freebody and Byrne (1988) to classify Year 2 readers according to their word reading strategies based on lists of irregular and pseudowords. A four-cluster-solution produced three groups similar to those reported by Freebody and Byrne (1988), and a fourth group which could not be classified using their criteria. A three-cluster-solution produced a more parsimonious interpretation, with these groups meeting the criteria for "LB" (low on both Irregular and pseudowords), "HB" (high on both), and "Phoenician" readers (average or above on pseudoword, low on irregular ...


The Development Of A Preventive Peer Mentoring Program For Students: Grounded Theory At Work, Leslea Peirson Jan 1993

The Development Of A Preventive Peer Mentoring Program For Students: Grounded Theory At Work, Leslea Peirson

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

In this thesis, I describe the beginning stages of a process for improving the well-being of students in a secondary school community. In the first section I describe the social context of the PTOJCCI. Next, I outline the values and principles that served to inform the research and action. I then review the relevant literature on consultation in educational settings and examine various prevention programs that have been introduced into schools, focusing primarily on those programs/changes that increase social support. Following the review I present the research and action goals of the present project which were to examine change ...


A Study Of Subjective Symptoms Associated With Seizure Disorders In Adolescents, Elaine Fletcher-Janzen Jan 1993

A Study Of Subjective Symptoms Associated With Seizure Disorders In Adolescents, Elaine Fletcher-Janzen

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to develop a self-report questionnaire that would address subjective symptoms associated with seizures in adolescents. The study was a preliminary investigation as to the reliability and validity of the Seizure Disorder Questionnaire.;Two groups of subjects were studied. The seizure group consisted of 31 adolescents diagnosed with epilepsy and contacted through the Epilepsy Clinic at the Medical college of Virginia, the Comprehensive Epilepsy Clinic at the University of Virginia, Cumberland Hospital for Children and Adolescents in New Kent, Virginia, and the Williamsburg-James City County public schools. The control group consisted of 125 adolescents who ...


The Impact Of Freshman Seminar On The Academic Social And Personal Development As Perceived By Students Completing The Course At Eastern Illinois University Fall Semester 1989, Margaret Ann Knapp Messer Jan 1993

The Impact Of Freshman Seminar On The Academic Social And Personal Development As Perceived By Students Completing The Course At Eastern Illinois University Fall Semester 1989, Margaret Ann Knapp Messer

Masters Theses

No abstract provided.


Teaching For Conceptual Change And Conceptual Discrimination With Year 8 Science Students: An Exploratory Study Of The Topic 'Respiration', S. Morgillo Jan 1993

Teaching For Conceptual Change And Conceptual Discrimination With Year 8 Science Students: An Exploratory Study Of The Topic 'Respiration', S. Morgillo

Theses : Honours

Research has shown that despite formal education, secondary and tertiary students hold a host of misconceptions about respiration. This exploratory study investigated whether a four phase conceptual change teaching strategy could overcome conceptual problems typically associated with respiration, in a Year 8 science class from a school in Perth, Western Australia. The strategy consisted of a Conceptual Awareness Phase, an Exposition Phase, a Misconception Awareness Phase and an Application Phase. Two-tier multiple choice test items used in previous studies to identify misconceptions about respiration were also used in this study, together with interviews. The encouraging results suggest that the implemented ...


The Prevalence And Sources Of Perceived Occupational Stress Among Teachers In Western Australian Government Metropolitan Primary Schools, Graeme Lock Jan 1993

The Prevalence And Sources Of Perceived Occupational Stress Among Teachers In Western Australian Government Metropolitan Primary Schools, Graeme Lock

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence and sources of self- reported occupational stress among primary school teachers in Western Australian Government schools. Five specific objectives form the basis of this study. First, the study develops an instrument which measures the perceived levels of occupational stress and reveals the sources of such stress. Second, the study applies this instrument to determine the perceived levels, and sources, of occupational stress among primary school teachers in metropolitan Perth. Third, the study investigates differences in the perceptions of stress and stressors when categorised by socio-biographical characteristics of teachers. Fourth, the ...