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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Study Of The Impact Of The M.S. In Agronomy Distance Education Program On Student Careers, Jesse Duane Drew Jan 2008

The Study Of The Impact Of The M.S. In Agronomy Distance Education Program On Student Careers, Jesse Duane Drew

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research study was to examine whether the Master of Science in Agronomy Distance Education Program at Iowa State University has had an impact on students' career mobility and economic status. Lifelong learning opportunities for agricultural professionals, like a majority of other field professional are growing exponentially. During the 2004 fall semester, 53 participants in the Master of Science in Agronomy Distance Education Program were given the Distance Education Impact Assessment Survey (DEIAS). Additional knowledge and training for adult students is essential for career advancement, and this research project intends to demonstrate how a Master of Science ...


Identity Preservation & Traceability: The State Of The Art - From A Grain Perspective (Status Of Agricultural Quality Systems / Traceability / Certification Systems), Gregory Scott Bennet Jan 2008

Identity Preservation & Traceability: The State Of The Art - From A Grain Perspective (Status Of Agricultural Quality Systems / Traceability / Certification Systems), Gregory Scott Bennet

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A descriptive paper on the state of identity preservation and traceability (IPT) as it relates domestically and internationally to food safety and economics. While not exhaustive, it is illustrative of trends. Identity preservation and traceability (IPT) are not new concepts; however, the growth of public and business interest and concerns regarding them has grown tremendously during the past decade due to many events, which has resulted in these concepts joining together within a single concept (with the same title). This paper, while attempting to be thorough, will highlight the major systems of IPT from a US business perspective. Before and ...


Perceptions Of Agricultural Extension Educators Regarding Livestock Waste Management Education In The North Central Region, David Kwaw-Mensah Jan 2008

Perceptions Of Agricultural Extension Educators Regarding Livestock Waste Management Education In The North Central Region, David Kwaw-Mensah

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Livestock production in the United States yields large quantities of livestock waste annually. The North Central region of the United States produces a variety of livestock including swine, cattle and poultry. Livestock waste is a rich source of plant nutrients and organic matter. The environmental risks of pollution associated with livestock waste raises major concerns of agricultural educators, researchers and policy makers. Best management practices have been developed for livestock waste management. There is limited research information regarding livestock waste management education.;The purpose of this study was to identify the perceptions of county extension educators in the North Central ...


An Assessment Of Performance Measures In Child Nutrition Programs, Elizabeth Northway Hanna Jan 2008

An Assessment Of Performance Measures In Child Nutrition Programs, Elizabeth Northway Hanna

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

School Child Nutrition Program (CNP) directors are expected to operate efficient, productive, and effective meals programs (Boehrer, 1993; Decker, et al. 1992; USDA, 2008). A variety of performance measures can be used to assess CNPs' operational effectiveness. The purposes of this research were to investigate management and financial attributes perceived by foodservice directors of medium-size public school districts in the United States to impact performance measures for CNPs and investigate whether widely used standards for these performance measures, based on previous research, were relevant due to a variety of changes that had occurred in CNPs.;Two electronic questionnaires were sent ...


The Land, It's Everything: Women Farmland Owners And The Institution Of Agricultural Conservation In The U.S. Midwest, Jean Crim Eells Jan 2008

The Land, It's Everything: Women Farmland Owners And The Institution Of Agricultural Conservation In The U.S. Midwest, Jean Crim Eells

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This institutional ethnography was undertaken to address the problematic that far fewer women than men participate in the institution of agricultural conservation despite the fact that about the same numbers of men and women own roughly equal amounts of agricultural land in the U.S. Midwest. The institution of agricultural conservation---governmental agencies and private non-profit organizations---provides conservation services such as technical assistance and funding to clients, private farmland owners, who implement conservation practices on their lands.;As a qualitative research methodology, institutional ethnography (IE) is a way to examine otherwise intractable or elusive problems that exist on an institutional level ...


Evolution Education At Iowa State University: Student Understanding And Acceptance Of Evolution, Creationism, And Intelligent Design, Justin William Rice Jan 2007

Evolution Education At Iowa State University: Student Understanding And Acceptance Of Evolution, Creationism, And Intelligent Design, Justin William Rice

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Issues surrounding evolution education in the U.S are of key importance to biology educators. Little research has been published measuring the understanding of and attitude toward evolution held by biology majors in the university education system. The goal of this research was to investigate the understanding and attitude toward biological evolution of particular Iowa State University students, while simultaneously detecting any change over time due to instruction. The survey used both quantitative and qualitative measures to determine students' understanding and attitude. The results show that students' understanding of particular evolutionary concepts does improve with instruction, while only some measures ...


Program Theory Of A Usda Grants Program For Use In Evaluation Based On Quantitative Content Analysis And Oral History Narrative Analysis, Elena Yu Polush Jan 2007

Program Theory Of A Usda Grants Program For Use In Evaluation Based On Quantitative Content Analysis And Oral History Narrative Analysis, Elena Yu Polush

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research was conceived on the premise that a good evaluation plan for a program begins with explicating the program's essential conceptual underpinnings, namely the program theory. Theory-based evaluation is generally recognized as enhancing the quality of evaluation. However, the theory-based approach remains underutilized in evaluation of federal competitive grants programs. The goal of the research was to depict a coherent description of program theory for the Higher Education Challenge (HEC) grants program grounded on core aspects of theories developed in two studies. The research used quantitative content analysis to systematically study the texts of Request for Application (RFA ...


Iowa Teachers' Perceptions Regarding The Effectiveness Of Agriculture Teacher Education Programs In Addressing Teaching Standards And Criteria, Kebatenne Hulela Jan 2007

Iowa Teachers' Perceptions Regarding The Effectiveness Of Agriculture Teacher Education Programs In Addressing Teaching Standards And Criteria, Kebatenne Hulela

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore and describe perceptions of secondary school-level teachers of agriculture in Iowa regarding the effectiveness of agricultural education teacher preparation programs in addressing education licensure standards and criteria, and subject content in agriculture during teacher preparation. Standards have been introduced in education to serve as guiding principles for the content and procedures in preparing teachers.;Formalized standards-based education has been in place since 2001, yet little is known about teacher perceptions regarding standards, particularly in agricultural education. This research study was descriptive, and used quantitative and qualitative data. An online questionnaire was used ...


Indications Of Environmental Literacy: Using A New Survey Instrument To Measure Awareness, Knowledge, And Attitudes Of University-Aged Students, Susan Roberta Mello O'Brien Jan 2007

Indications Of Environmental Literacy: Using A New Survey Instrument To Measure Awareness, Knowledge, And Attitudes Of University-Aged Students, Susan Roberta Mello O'Brien

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The role of environmental education has received enough attention with applied environmental literacy research completed at the level of elementary and secondary schools curricula, as well as assessments on adults' environmental literacy at state, national, and even international levels. However, few studies have focused on university-level assessments as means for increasing people's environmental knowledge. The reported research examines the levels of environmental knowledge and attitudes of Iowa State University (ISU) undergraduate and graduate students registered for the 2007 spring semester. A new survey instrument was developed specifically for this study, accounting for local (Midwestern) and global environmental issues. Students ...


Farmers' Experiences And Perceptions Of The Naads Agricultural Extension System/Program In Kabale District, Uganda, John Musemakweri Jan 2007

Farmers' Experiences And Perceptions Of The Naads Agricultural Extension System/Program In Kabale District, Uganda, John Musemakweri

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Agricultural knowledge and information play a major role in agricultural development, particularly in food production in Uganda. One of the influential extension approaches used for the past decades has been extension-centered approach which focused more on improving efficiency in agricultural production rather than the educational process. The new National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADS) extension program has emphasized a farmer-centered approach. The purpose of the study was to explore the farmers' experiences and perceptions of the NAADS agricultural extension systems/program in Kabale district, Uganda. The study addressed two main research questions: (1) What are the perceptions of farmers regarding the ...


Examination Of Wellness Policy Formation And Process In U.S. School Districts, Carol H. Longley Jan 2007

Examination Of Wellness Policy Formation And Process In U.S. School Districts, Carol H. Longley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Purpose/objectives. The purpose of this study was to examine the process of wellness policy development in school districts in 21 states with all USDA regions represented. The study examined the environments in school districts that support or hinder district-wide policy development.;Method. Phase 1 studied each state's school nutrition legislative, regulations, and training to determine the environment for wellness policy development. Phase 2 consisted of 21 structured telephone interviews with school district foodservice directors in seven USDA regions to explore the process of wellness policy development in school districts.;Results. Supporting factors for the wellness policy development included ...


Communication Apprehension, Information Technology Fluency, And Internet Access As Factors Affecting College Students' Participation In In-Class And Online Discussion, Edwin James Damman Jan 2007

Communication Apprehension, Information Technology Fluency, And Internet Access As Factors Affecting College Students' Participation In In-Class And Online Discussion, Edwin James Damman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this explanatory, non-experimental research study was to identify relationships between factors affecting college students' participation in class discussions, both in-class discussion and through an online threaded discussion forum. The predictor variables identified as factors were: apprehension of class participation, apprehension of computer-mediated communication, degree of information technology fluency, and Internet access (which provides a gateway to the online threaded discussion forum). The outcome variables were the amount of classroom discussion participation and the amount on online threaded discussion participation exhibited by the students.;Analyses of the data collected in this study revealed a moderate negative relationship (r ...


Agricultural Extension Educators' Perceptions Regarding The Teaching And Learning Process Related To Water Quality Issues In The North Central Region Of The United States , Mohamed Camara Jan 2006

Agricultural Extension Educators' Perceptions Regarding The Teaching And Learning Process Related To Water Quality Issues In The North Central Region Of The United States , Mohamed Camara

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The North Central Region of the United States is the largest grain producer in the world. Therefore, the soil is intensively exploited which will eventually affect the water in this region. Most of the states in the NCR border the Mississippi River, thus contributing to the quality of water in the Gulf of Mexico. A review of related studies indicated a lack of suitable educational programs to assist farmers, communities, and extension agencies in understanding issues regarding water quality issues. However, these past studies did not focus on agricultural extension educators' perceptions regarding the teaching and learning process related to ...


Increasing Dark Green Leafy, Yellow/Orange, Cruciferous Vegetables, Tomatoes, And Physical Activity In A Low-Income Population: An Evaluation Of A Critical Thinking Approach , Ingrid Richards-Adams Jan 2006

Increasing Dark Green Leafy, Yellow/Orange, Cruciferous Vegetables, Tomatoes, And Physical Activity In A Low-Income Population: An Evaluation Of A Critical Thinking Approach , Ingrid Richards-Adams

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Intakes of dark green leafy, yellow/orange, cruciferous vegetables, and tomatoes (target vegetables), and involvement in physical activity have been shown to be protective actions against chronic diseases. Low-income individuals generally consume lower amounts of these target vegetables, engage in less physical activities, and experience higher incidences of chronic diseases. The study evaluated the effectiveness of a critical thinking approach in increasing (a) knowledge, (b) positive attitudes, (c) critical thinking skills of low-income parents related to vegetable offerings and physical activity, (d) the number of target vegetables low-income parents offer their children, and (e) the amount of time spent on ...


Food Safety Training As Adult Education: Determining Prior Knowledge In The Service Of Scientific Conceptual Change , Jason D. Ellis Jan 2006

Food Safety Training As Adult Education: Determining Prior Knowledge In The Service Of Scientific Conceptual Change , Jason D. Ellis

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A common recommendation for addressing the serious issue of foodborne illness is to train foodservice managers to handle and store foods safely. Typically, food safety education is considered successful when managers become certified through such programs as ServSafeRTM, which is offered by Cooperative Extension and other organizations. However, sustained behavior change has been limited. The research contributed to understanding the nature of the limitations of current programs, toward betterment of food safety education. The goals of the research was to describe the type and extent of conceptual understandings possessed by trained and certified foodservice workers of scientific principles relevant to ...


An Analysis Of Pre-Service Teacher Preparation And Instructional Supervisory Practices In Agricultural Education , Moreetsi Thobega Jan 2006

An Analysis Of Pre-Service Teacher Preparation And Instructional Supervisory Practices In Agricultural Education , Moreetsi Thobega

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation contained three articles that explored teacher preparation in Agricultural Education. The first article was a descriptive-correlational study; it described the relationship between pre-service teachers' performance on PRAXIS II (initial teacher licensing examination) and their performance on college academic measures. The study utilized existing records from the Department Agricultural Education and studies at Iowa State University. Professional education GPA explained significant variability in principles of learning and teaching (PLT) scores. Males scored higher than females on the Agriculture content (AgC) test. Agriculture GPA did not explain significant variability in AgC scores. Additional research should be conducted to determine whether ...


The Enablers And Barriers Of Providing Professional Practical Skills Education To Rural Elementary School Students In Zhejiang, China , Difei Shen Jan 2006

The Enablers And Barriers Of Providing Professional Practical Skills Education To Rural Elementary School Students In Zhejiang, China , Difei Shen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Professional technical skills (technical skills) and professional practical skills (practical skills) are two kinds of education that are often discussed in terms of technical knowledge and life skills respectively. The acquisition of both technical and practical skills not only is the outcome of education, but also is required by a market economy. However, Chinese rural students are not provided practical skills under the traditional exam-oriented educational system. This study argues to build the educational infrastructure in rural China to provide both kinds of skills to improve the quality of its rural human resources;The purpose of this study is to ...


The Impact Of The Secondary Agricultural Education Program On Latino Students: Perspectives Towards The Agricultural Education Class, The Local Ffa Organization And The Supervised Agricultural Experiences Program In Iowa Public Schools , Aurelio Curbelo Jan 2006

The Impact Of The Secondary Agricultural Education Program On Latino Students: Perspectives Towards The Agricultural Education Class, The Local Ffa Organization And The Supervised Agricultural Experiences Program In Iowa Public Schools , Aurelio Curbelo

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Due to the increasing population of Latino students in the Iowa secondary agricultural education program and the need for minority leaders in agriculture, the goal of this study was to survey a group of students in agricultural classes to understand their perspectives towards the learning components of the program. This study found that Latino students in Iowa secondary schools were supportive of the agricultural education program and interested in participating in experiential programs. Recommendations from this study are to encourage Latino students to actively participate in secondary agricultural classes. A greater effort from educators to recruit and research minority students ...


The Influence Of An Integrated Course Cluster On The Communication Skills, Technical Content Knowledge, And Problem-Solving Skills Of Upper-Level College Students , Cynthia Carolyn Crawford Barnett Jan 2006

The Influence Of An Integrated Course Cluster On The Communication Skills, Technical Content Knowledge, And Problem-Solving Skills Of Upper-Level College Students , Cynthia Carolyn Crawford Barnett

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to determine if upper-level college students who participated in AgPAQ, an integrated course cluster learning community, would demonstrate enhanced learning in the areas of oral communication, written communication, technical content knowledge, and problem-solving;The population (N=182) consisted of students who participated in AgPAQ, the treatment group (n=33), and five comparison groups: the AgEdS 450 farm management class (n=57); the Agronomy 356 class (n=36); the Agronomy 356/English 309 integration ( n=35); the paid AgPAQ volunteer group (n=7); and the paid non-AgPAQ volunteer group (n=14). Students in these ...


Sustainable Agriculture And The Perceptions Of High School Agriculture Teachers In The North Central Region Of The United States , Mathew Ajuoga Muma Jan 2006

Sustainable Agriculture And The Perceptions Of High School Agriculture Teachers In The North Central Region Of The United States , Mathew Ajuoga Muma

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The debate about the socio-economic and environmental challenges associated with conventional agricultural systems in the U.S.A. in the 1980s vis-a-vis sustainable agriculture (SA) has included the definition of SA, the role of education in addressing the challenges and what should be taught about SA in high school and beyond. Proponents of SA claim education about SA can facilitate solutions to the current problems in agriculture, stimulate rural economic development and enrich scientific teaching of SA (Feldman, 1999; Sanstone, 2003/2004). The purpose of this study was to identify the beliefs of high school agriculture teachers about SA, and ...


Secondary Agricultural Educators' Validation Of Selected Agricultural Mechanics Objectives In Wisconsin , Richard Lee Bockhop Jan 2005

Secondary Agricultural Educators' Validation Of Selected Agricultural Mechanics Objectives In Wisconsin , Richard Lee Bockhop

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this descriptive study was to validate selected agricultural mechanics objectives in Wisconsin. The population consisted of all secondary agricultural education teachers in Wisconsin. The survey instrument was pilot-tested using 47 educators that had experience in agricultural mechanics and/or agricultural education. The instrument was sent electronically to 286 agricultural teachers. Overall, 269 usable responses were received for this study. Wisconsin agriculture teachers validated 99 agricultural mechanics objectives for consideration in secondary agricultural education programs. Additionally, teachers indicated strong support for pre-service and in-service training for the 99 validated objectives. Teachers averaged 14.1 years of experience and ...


Early Field Experiences In Agricultural Teacher Education, Michael S. Retallick Jan 2005

Early Field Experiences In Agricultural Teacher Education, Michael S. Retallick

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this dissertation was to describe the nature of early field experience (EFE) in agricultural teacher education programs nationally. The dissertation was divided into three papers. The first paper was a descriptive census study of all active agricultural teacher education programs (N=82). The results of the study provide a general profile of EFE in agricultural teacher education. EFE is a required component of teacher education and offered multiples times. The requirements include completing the experience within agricultural education, a minimum number of contact hours, and minimum number of lessons planned and taught. Placement restrictions and minimum ...


Leadership Behaviors In Undergraduate Hospitality Management And Dietetics Students , Susan April Wohlsdorf Arendt Jan 2004

Leadership Behaviors In Undergraduate Hospitality Management And Dietetics Students , Susan April Wohlsdorf Arendt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Hospitality management and dietetics students, employers, and futurists have indicated that leadership skills, abilities, and qualities are important for success. Educators have stressed the importance of developing leadership skills and behaviors in students. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to assess self-reported leadership behaviors and practices of hospitality management and dietetics undergraduate students.;Leadership questionnaires, including the Student Leadership Practices Inventory developed by Posner and Brodsky, were mailed to program directors at eight universities. A total of 345 hospitality management students' questionnaires and 283 dietetics students' questionnaires were returned and analyzed. Four focus groups were conducted with hospitality management ...


Examining Non-Participation Through People's Functional Perspectives: A Q Methodology Study Of Non-Participating Uruguayan Dairy Farmers , Brett Andrew Kramer Jan 2004

Examining Non-Participation Through People's Functional Perspectives: A Q Methodology Study Of Non-Participating Uruguayan Dairy Farmers , Brett Andrew Kramer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation illustrates how Q Methodology was used to solve a problem of low enrollment in a dairy herd genetic registry project in Uruguay to better understand the reasons why many farmer producers declined to participate. The results of Q Methodology led to a more satisfying understanding of the needs, interests, and values of non-participants in this agricultural extension project. The dissertation argues for expanded use of Q as a tool for educational program planning and evaluation in addition to its better known use as a research instrument.;Q statements were developed from in-depth interviews with non-participating producers and project ...


An Alumni Benchmark Analysis Of The Master Of Agriculture Program In Professional Agriculture At Iowa State University (1979-2004) , Mohamed Mamdouh Yacoub Jan 2004

An Alumni Benchmark Analysis Of The Master Of Agriculture Program In Professional Agriculture At Iowa State University (1979-2004) , Mohamed Mamdouh Yacoub

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study assessed students' perceptions about the Master of Agriculture in professional agriculture (ProAg) program that is offered off-campus. It also provides information regarding the number of graduate students who enrolled in this program and are now working in agriculture related occupations. Alumni of the program provided feedback regarding the content of the ProAg program in agriculture. It serves as an analysis tool for assessing the effectiveness of the ProAg program in the College of Agriculture at Iowa State University. The College of Agriculture could use the data and information collected from this study for future program planning as well ...


Comparison Of Students' Opinions Toward Experiential Learning In Two Undergraduate Agricultural Capstone Courses Designed With Contrasting Delivery Techniques , Charles Russell Steiner Jan 2004

Comparison Of Students' Opinions Toward Experiential Learning In Two Undergraduate Agricultural Capstone Courses Designed With Contrasting Delivery Techniques , Charles Russell Steiner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine similarities and differences in students' perceptions towards learning in two senior-level farm management experientially based capstone courses, similar in content, but vastly different in delivery and teaching methods. A secondary purpose was to determine if there was a favorable means for teaching farm business management concepts to young adult learners.;The objectives of the study were: (1) To examine selected demographic characteristics of the students enrolled in these two experientially-based capstone courses. (2) To determine the effectiveness of these two capstone courses using Crunkilton's criteria. (3) To identify the effectiveness of ...


Education And Water Conservation In Tucson, Arizona: Towards An Educational Model For Saudi Arabia , Mohammad Sh Al-Shayaa Jan 2004

Education And Water Conservation In Tucson, Arizona: Towards An Educational Model For Saudi Arabia , Mohammad Sh Al-Shayaa

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Saudi Arabia and Tucson, Arizona are both surrounded by desert and rely on groundwater. Both places also suffer from similar types of water shortage problems. The average water usage, in gallons per person per day, in Tucson is 160. In contrast, in Saudi Arabia this figure is 260. Respectively, these factors encouraged the researcher to investigate the educational roles in Tucson. The findings and experience gleaned from Tucson will be used in Saudi Arabia where the researcher is planning to pursue his career.;Information circulated to the Tucson public about water conservation demonstrates effectiveness in addressing issues related to water ...


Analyzing Cross-Disciplinary Teacher Feedback In A Communication-Across-The-Curriculum Learning Community , Julie Marie Zeleznik Jan 2003

Analyzing Cross-Disciplinary Teacher Feedback In A Communication-Across-The-Curriculum Learning Community , Julie Marie Zeleznik

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This four-year study of a communication-intensive university learning community (Agronomy 356: Soil, Water, and Fertilizer Management and English 309: Report and Proposal Writing) investigated how instructor collaboration influenced written cross-disciplinary teacher feedback. While some rule-bound knowledge was not shared across disciplinary boundaries, co-assigning and co-assessing a rhetorically situated, argument-based writing assignment enabled my four instructor-participants to collaborate meaningfully and to integrate both agronomic and communicative knowledge into their feedback. Using activity theory, I analyzed how collaboration affected instructors' feedback patterns, roles, and styles, as well as the ways disciplinary knowledge of agronomy and rhetoric was communicated through feedback. My mixed-methodology ...


Agricultural Educators Perceptions On The Role Of Distance Education In The Mission Of United States Public Higher Education , Paula Marie Teig Jan 2003

Agricultural Educators Perceptions On The Role Of Distance Education In The Mission Of United States Public Higher Education , Paula Marie Teig

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The resurgence of distance education, with the introduction of computer and communication technologies, has brought to the forefront the need for higher education to change the way it engages the lifelong learner. In addition, there is need to revisit the importance of the traditional land-grant mission in public higher education as universities and colleges seek to deliver education to the lifelong learner regardless of location or time. Distance education is becoming viewed as a means of meeting societal needs for lifelong learning.;In light of the Kellogg Commission report, the purpose of this research project was to assess the role ...


Eminent Domain: Documents Of Coordination In Agriculture , Adrienne Patrice Lamberti Jan 2003

Eminent Domain: Documents Of Coordination In Agriculture , Adrienne Patrice Lamberti

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In his study of Thomas Edison (The Languages of Edison's Light, 1999), professional communication scholar Charles Bazerman investigates how Edison, rather than constructing a document for one specific audience, purpose, and context, instead would use a single written communication to simultaneously address numerous audiences and to mitigate among the audiences' ideological conflicts. In a 1998 speech at Iowa State University, Bazerman labeled this type of communication a document of coordination.;My dissertation takes the concept of documents of coordination and places it within an agricultural context. Specifically, the Beginning Farmer Center (BFC), a program under Iowa State University Extension ...