Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Business Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Iowa State University

Discipline
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 3302

Full-Text Articles in Business

Designing Direct Matching Mechanisms For India With Comprehensive Affirmative Action, Orhan Aygün, Bertan Turhan Apr 2020

Designing Direct Matching Mechanisms For India With Comprehensive Affirmative Action, Orhan Aygün, Bertan Turhan

Economics Working Papers

Since 1950, India has been implementing the most comprehensive affirmative action program in the world. Vertical reservations are provided to members of historically discriminated Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST), and Other Backward Classes (OBC). Horizontal reservations are provided for other disadvantaged groups, such as women and disabled people, within each vertical category. As discussed in Sönmez and Yenmez (2019a), the lack of a well-defined procedure to implement horizontal reservations results in extensive confusion. Indirect mechanisms currently used in practice do not allow reserve category applicants to fully express their preferences. Moreover, the sequential processes in use for OBC de-reservations ...


Perils Of Road Freight Market Deregulation: Cabotage In The European Union, Henrik S. Sternberg, Erik Hofmann, Robert E. Overstreet Apr 2020

Perils Of Road Freight Market Deregulation: Cabotage In The European Union, Henrik S. Sternberg, Erik Hofmann, Robert E. Overstreet

Supply Chain and Information Systems Publications

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the impacts of the ongoing freight market deregulation in the European Union (EU). Specifically, this case study focuses on cabotage penetration rates in Germany, the largest logistics market in Europe. In light of the upcoming trade barriers, we intend to move this topic forward by emphasising its interdisciplinary nature.

Design/methodology/approach Based on the analysis of Eurostat data, expert interviews and a review of related literature, we elaborate and discuss four propositions related to the factors affecting cabotage penetration, future cabotage levels and the effects on modal split and empty ...


Slot-Specific Priorities With Capacity Transfers, Michelle Avataneo, Bertan Turhan Apr 2020

Slot-Specific Priorities With Capacity Transfers, Michelle Avataneo, Bertan Turhan

Economics Working Papers

This paper studies two-sided, many-to-one matching markets in which agents match to institutions that may have multiple slots available to accept contracts. In many real-world institutions, there are restrictions for some slots (if not all) either on slot priorities or on the transferability of unfilled slots over others (or both). We construct a rich family of practical choice rules, slot-specific priorities with capacity transfers (SSPwCT), that utilize both independent slot priorities and transferability of vacant slots. We show that the cumulative offer mechanism (COM) is stable, strategy-proof and respects improvements with regards to SSPwCT choice rules. Transferring the capacity of ...


Deployment Of Risk Capital In Agriculture, Kevin Kimle, Joel Harris Mar 2020

Deployment Of Risk Capital In Agriculture, Kevin Kimle, Joel Harris

Economics Technical Reports and White Papers

The third annual Agricultural Entrepreneurship Unconference met on October 17, 2019 in Ames, Iowa. The event was co-sponsored by the Iowa State University Agricultural Entrepreneurship Initiative and the Ag Startup Engine.

This white paper attempts to summarize presentations and discussions that took place at the Unconference, though surely falls short of the richness and insight of the dialogue that occurred. The aim is to provide, for those who did not attend, a glimpse into the Unconference discussions which centered on the deployment of risk capital in agriculture.


Privacy Concerns Regarding Wearable Iot Devices: How It Is Influenced By Gdpr?, Chinju Paul, Kevin P. Scheibe, Sree Nilakanta Jan 2020

Privacy Concerns Regarding Wearable Iot Devices: How It Is Influenced By Gdpr?, Chinju Paul, Kevin P. Scheibe, Sree Nilakanta

Supply Chain and Information Management Conference Papers, Posters and Proceedings

Internet of Things (IoT) devices have implications for health and fitness. Fitness wearables can promote healthy behavior and improve an individual’s overall health and quality of life. Even though fitness wearables have various benefits, privacy concerns regarding the data collected remain as a major barrier to adoption of fitness wearables. Intrinsic factors like disposition to value privacy and extrinsic factors like privacy policies and General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) can influence users’ privacy concerns. This research uses experimental design to understand how these factors influence privacy concerns. The results suggest that GDPR reduces the average privacy concerns of users ...


Bayesian Analysis In Strategic Management Research: Time To Update Your Priors, Brian T. Mccann, Andreas Schwab Jan 2020

Bayesian Analysis In Strategic Management Research: Time To Update Your Priors, Brian T. Mccann, Andreas Schwab

Management Publications

Bayesian statistical methods offer an important and increasingly endorsed alternative to traditional statistical significance testing. This paper presents a brief introduction to Bayesian methods, providing guidance to strategic management researchers who may wish to incorporate these methods into their research. We describe the advantages of Bayesian approaches and explain the steps involved in conducting and reporting a Bayesian analysis. For illustration, we provide a sample analysis, including all associated code using version 15 of Stata, which features significantly augmented Bayesian capabilities.


Toward An Understanding Of Parental Views And Actions On Social Media Influencers Targeted At Adolescents: The Roles Of Parents’ Social Media Use And Empowerment, Meng-Hsien Lin, Akshaya Vijayalakshmi, Russell N. Laczniak Dec 2019

Toward An Understanding Of Parental Views And Actions On Social Media Influencers Targeted At Adolescents: The Roles Of Parents’ Social Media Use And Empowerment, Meng-Hsien Lin, Akshaya Vijayalakshmi, Russell N. Laczniak

Marketing Publications

Recent studies suggest that adolescents are spending significant amounts of time on social media. Brands are taking advantage of this fact and actively using social media to reach adolescent consumers, primarily via social media influencers. Adolescents consider the sponsored brand posts by social media influencers to be trustworthy and honest, thus reducing their critical evaluation of the ads. While several researchers have pointed to the critical role that parents play in their adolescents becoming digitally literate and empowered, there is little understanding of parental views and drivers of parental views on social media influencers and means by which they mediate ...


Brand Inertia In Seed Demand: State Dependence And Heterogeneity, Jinjing Luo, Giancarlo Moschini, Edward D. Perry Nov 2019

Brand Inertia In Seed Demand: State Dependence And Heterogeneity, Jinjing Luo, Giancarlo Moschini, Edward D. Perry

Economics Working Papers

A commonly observed feature of differentiated product markets is brand inertia, the tendency of consumers to purchase brands they have purchased in the past. In this paper, we develop and estimate a micro-level random coefficients logit model to study two competing explanations of brand inertia, state dependence and heterogeneity, in the U.S. soybean seed industry. Specifically, heterogeneity is captured by brand-specific random coefficients and state dependence is incorporated through a brand purchase history variable. We further deal with two important issues in the identification: we apply a correction to the initial conditions problem similar to the procedure outlined in ...


Do Detail And Its Verifiability Serve As Indicators Of Strategy Effectiveness And As Sources Of Credibility In Voluntary Qualitative Disclosure?, James N. Cannon, Christine A. Denison, Olena V. Watanabe Nov 2019

Do Detail And Its Verifiability Serve As Indicators Of Strategy Effectiveness And As Sources Of Credibility In Voluntary Qualitative Disclosure?, James N. Cannon, Christine A. Denison, Olena V. Watanabe

Accounting Publications

This article examines whether detail and its verifiability serve as indicators of strategy effectiveness and provide sources of credibility in voluntary qualitative disclosure. In an archival study, utilizing a difference-in-difference research design, we find that firms that introduce customer retention strategy disclosures with verifiable detail are more effective at retaining customers than are firms that introduce disclosures with nonverifiable detail. In contrast, we find no significant difference between the performance of firms that initiate disclosures with verifiable detail and that of firms that initiate disclosures with no detail. In an experimental study, we find that customer retention strategy disclosures that ...


Extension Demonstration: Grameen Microfinance Methods And Capital Access For Low-Income Female Entrepreneurs, Mark A. Edelman Sep 2019

Extension Demonstration: Grameen Microfinance Methods And Capital Access For Low-Income Female Entrepreneurs, Mark A. Edelman

Economics Working Papers

A nonprofit community development financial institution and Extension collaborated to conduct a demonstration project to evaluate efficacy of Grameen peer-group microfinance methodology in addressing barriers faced by lowincome women entrepreneurs in a small metro area. Program performance metrics achieved by 284 low-income, culturally diverse, primarily women entrepreneurs over five years included: a loan repayment rate of 99+ percent, increased average client income, savings accumulation at a local bank, and increased opportunities to improve average credit scores. Client surveys indicated peer-group methods, program structure, incentives for individual behaviors and group responsibilities provided opportunity to develop confidence, leadership skills, and teamwork.


Transparency Regulation And Stock Price Informativeness: Evidence From The European Union's Transparency Directive, Olena Watanabe, Michael J. Imhof, Semih Tartaroglu Jul 2019

Transparency Regulation And Stock Price Informativeness: Evidence From The European Union's Transparency Directive, Olena Watanabe, Michael J. Imhof, Semih Tartaroglu

Accounting Publications

We examine changes in stock price informativeness following the European Union's Transparency Directive (TPD). The TPD, implemented by country between 2007 and 2009, enhanced corporate transparency through mandating regular firm financial disclosures and facilitating the dissemination of financial reports. Using stock return synchronicity as a proxy for stock price informativeness, we find that price informativeness improved following implementation of the TPD. This improvement was more pronounced in countries with strong regulatory environments than those with weak regulatory environments. We additionally examine a later amendment to the TPD that eliminated the requirement of quarterly financial disclosures and document an increase ...


A Commander’S First Challenge: Building Trust., Lt. Col. Jesper R. Stubbendorff, Robert E. Overstreet Jul 2019

A Commander’S First Challenge: Building Trust., Lt. Col. Jesper R. Stubbendorff, Robert E. Overstreet

Supply Chain and Information Systems Publications

Leadership is the most important characteristic that a commander brings to an organization. To be an effective leader, a military commander must have a relationship with followers, and the key to that relationship is trust. The problem for commanders is that it is extremely difficult to build trusting relationships because of the limited duration of command, transient nature of military personnel, and deployment of individual military members versus an entire organization.


Multi-Study Analysis Of Learning Culture, Human Capital And Operational Performance In Supply Chain Management: The Moderating Role Of Workforce Level, Robert E. Overstreet, Joseph B. Skipper, Joseph R. Huscroft, Matt J. Cherry, Andrew L. Cooper Jun 2019

Multi-Study Analysis Of Learning Culture, Human Capital And Operational Performance In Supply Chain Management: The Moderating Role Of Workforce Level, Robert E. Overstreet, Joseph B. Skipper, Joseph R. Huscroft, Matt J. Cherry, Andrew L. Cooper

Supply Chain and Information Systems Publications

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to empirically evaluate the relationship between learning culture, workforce level, human capital and operational performance in two diverse supply chain populations, aircraft maintenance and logistics readiness.

Design/methodology/approach – Drawing upon competence-based view of the firm and human capital theory, this paper analyzes data from two studies.

Findings – The results provide support for the hypothesized model. Workforce level moderates the relationship between learning culture and human capital, and human capital partially mediates the relationship between learning culture and operational performance.

Research limitations/implications – The findings have implications for behavioral supply chain management research ...


Do Environmental Responsibility Views Influence Investors’ Use Of Environmental Performance And Assurance Information?, William N. Dilla, Diane J. Janvrin, Jon D. Perkins, Robyn Raschke May 2019

Do Environmental Responsibility Views Influence Investors’ Use Of Environmental Performance And Assurance Information?, William N. Dilla, Diane J. Janvrin, Jon D. Perkins, Robyn Raschke

Accounting Publications

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to investigate whether investor views regarding the benefits of corporate environmental responsibility moderate the influence of environmental performance and assurance information on their judgments. Specifically, the authors examine the effects of two broad views: environmental responsibility is more important than financial performance, regardless of investment returns (i.e. environmental responsibility importance) and positive environmental performance will increase investment returns (i.e. environmental performance return).

Design/methodology/approach – Nonprofessional investors completed an online study where environmental performance (high or low) and assurance on environmental performance information (present or absent) were varied. Participants’ corporate environmental ...


An Evidence-Based Management Framework For Business Analytics, Kevin P. Scheibe, Sree Nilakanta, Cliff T. Ragsdale, Bob Younie May 2019

An Evidence-Based Management Framework For Business Analytics, Kevin P. Scheibe, Sree Nilakanta, Cliff T. Ragsdale, Bob Younie

Supply Chain and Information Systems Publications

It is said that knowledge is power, yet often, decision makers ignore information that ought to be considered. The phenomenon known as Semmelweis reflex occurs when new knowledge is rejected because it contradicts established norms. The goal of evidence-based management (EBMgt) is to help overcome Semmelweis reflex by integrating evaluated external evidence with stakeholder preference, practitioner experiences, and context. This evaluated external evidence is the product of scientific research. In this paper, we demonstrate an EBMgt business analytics model that uses computer simulation to provide scientific evidence to help decision makers evaluate equipment replacement problems, specifically the parallel machine replacement ...


Systemic Risk And The Ripple Effect In The Supply Chain, Kevin P. Scheibe, Jennifer Blackhurst Apr 2019

Systemic Risk And The Ripple Effect In The Supply Chain, Kevin P. Scheibe, Jennifer Blackhurst

Supply Chain and Information Systems Publications

Supply chains are highly complex systems, and disruptions may ripple through these systems in unexpected ways, but they may also start in unexpected ways. We investigate the causes of ripple effect through the lens of systemic risk. We derive supply chain systemic risk from the finance discipline where sources of risk are found in systemic risk-taking, contagion, and amplification mechanisms. In a supply chain context, we identify three dimensions that influence systemic risk, the nature of a disruption, the structure, and dependency of the supply chain, and the decision-making. Within these three dimensions, there are several factors including correlation of ...


Assessing The Social Media Use And Needs Of Small Rural Retailers: Implications For Extension Program Support, Jihyeong Son, Linda S. Niehm, Daniel W. Rusell, Juyoung Lee Apr 2019

Assessing The Social Media Use And Needs Of Small Rural Retailers: Implications For Extension Program Support, Jihyeong Son, Linda S. Niehm, Daniel W. Rusell, Juyoung Lee

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

To assess small rural retailers' use of social media and the role of social media in their business sustainability, we conducted focus group interviews with small business owners/managers from rural communities in a midwestern state. Participants revealed strong interest in social media, especially for use in sales and marketing. However, their engagement in social media was limited due to lack of knowledge and resources (i.e., time, human resources, financial resources, effectiveness measurement) related to developing and updating content. On the basis of these findings, we examine implications for Extension professionals and outreach educators regarding social media needs and ...


Bean Counters: The Effect Of Soy Tariffs On Change In Republican Vote Share Between The 2016 And 2018 Elections., Olga Chyzh, Robert B. Urbatsch Mar 2019

Bean Counters: The Effect Of Soy Tariffs On Change In Republican Vote Share Between The 2016 And 2018 Elections., Olga Chyzh, Robert B. Urbatsch

Political Science Publications

How do trade wars affect presidential support? President Trump's aggressive tariffs on China despite his largely rural electoral support base provide a unique opportunity to analyze the relationship between international trade policy and domestic support. If trade-related considerations were ever decisive to American voters, the stark decrease in soy prices, a direct effect of Trump-initiated tariffs immediately preceding the 2018 midterm election, serves as a critical test for studying their effect. This letter shows a robust inverse relationship between county-level soybean production and the change in Republican vote share between the 2016 and 2018 congressional elections.


Organizational Culture And Entrepreneurial Orientation: An Orthogonal Perspective Of Individualism And Collectivism, Younggeun Lee, Michael Howe, Patrick M. Kreiser Mar 2019

Organizational Culture And Entrepreneurial Orientation: An Orthogonal Perspective Of Individualism And Collectivism, Younggeun Lee, Michael Howe, Patrick M. Kreiser

Management Publications

This study contributes to the existing literature regarding the relationship between culture and entrepreneurship. Building upon the precepts of institutional theory, we examine the influence of organisational culture on firm-level entrepreneurial orientation. While entrepreneurship researchers have emphasised the importance of entrepreneurial orientation for firms, the influence of organisational culture in supporting the incidence of entrepreneurial orientation has not been adequately studied. In an effort to contribute to this emergent area of inquiry, we consider the role of two key dimensions of organisational culture − individualism and collectivism – in facilitating entrepreneurial orientation. In doing so, we illustrate the utility of adopting an ...


Wearable Bluetooth Sensors For Capturing Relational Variables And Temporal Variability In Relationships: A Construct Validation Study, James G. Matusik, Ralph Heidl, John R. Hollenbeck, Andrew Yu, Hun W. Lee, Michael D. Howe Mar 2019

Wearable Bluetooth Sensors For Capturing Relational Variables And Temporal Variability In Relationships: A Construct Validation Study, James G. Matusik, Ralph Heidl, John R. Hollenbeck, Andrew Yu, Hun W. Lee, Michael D. Howe

Management Publications

The advent of wearable sensor technologies has the potential to transform organizational research by offering the unprecedented opportunity to collect continuous, objective, highly granular data over extended time periods. Recent evidence has demonstrated the potential utility of Bluetooth-enabled sensors, specifically, in identifying emergent networks via colocation signals in highly controlled contexts with known distances and groups. Although there is proof of concept that wearable Bluetooth sensors may be able to contribute to organizational research in highly controlled contexts, to date there has been no explicit psychometric construct validation effort dedicated to these sensors in field settings. Thus, the two studies ...


Aircraft Selection Modeling: A Multi-Step Heuristic To Enumerate Airlift Alternatives, Jacob D. Maywald, Adam D. Reiman, Robert E. Overstreet, Alan W. Johnson Mar 2019

Aircraft Selection Modeling: A Multi-Step Heuristic To Enumerate Airlift Alternatives, Jacob D. Maywald, Adam D. Reiman, Robert E. Overstreet, Alan W. Johnson

Supply Chain and Information Systems Publications

We consider the use of the new C-130J-30 aircraft for long distance (strategic) cargo movement. Currently, only large aircraft, the C-5 and the C-17, are identified as strategic airlift assets by the United States Air Force. Our mathematical model identifies all logical airframe combinations to perform a cargo movement given a set of constraints. Using previously developed routing algorithms and fuel metrics, we evaluated the combinations and calculated the potential savings had the most fuel efficient combination been selected. Analyzing 1 month of historic data for four long distance routes, our proposed model suggests that savings could have been more ...


General Mental Ability And Goal Type As Antecedents Of Recurrent Adaptive Task Performance, Michael D. Howe Jan 2019

General Mental Ability And Goal Type As Antecedents Of Recurrent Adaptive Task Performance, Michael D. Howe

Management Publications

Even though considerable work has demonstrated a robust positive relationship between general mental ability (GMA) and task performance, recent work indicates that the expected relationship may not hold in the context of adaptive performance. By integrating the concept of choking, or performing worse than expected, with goal theory, the present work advances a theoretical framework aimed at furthering our understanding of how and when GMA is most likely to meaningfully impact performance. Drawing on this perspective, we propose that the relationship between GMA and adaptive performance is uniquely dependent on the type of goal individuals are striving to achieve. Additionally ...


Effects Of Preseason Concussion Education On Self-Reported Likelihood And Confidence In Concussion Reporting, Dana Edward Cash Jan 2019

Effects Of Preseason Concussion Education On Self-Reported Likelihood And Confidence In Concussion Reporting, Dana Edward Cash

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Around three million concussions happen in the United States from sport and recreational activity alone, and it is estimated 50% of concussions go undiagnosed. Collegiate athletes have been found to not report their symptoms of concussion mainly because they felt their symptoms were not severe enough and they did not think there were any long-term consequences from continuing to play. This study attempts to find if preseason concussion education for collegiate hockey players and club athletes changes their perceptions about concussions, and if these changes are maintained after returning to sport/competition. This study used three identical surveys over three ...


Craft Production, Development, And Tourism: Evaluating The Kente Business In Kpetoe, Ghana, Taylor Alyse Mithelman Jan 2019

Craft Production, Development, And Tourism: Evaluating The Kente Business In Kpetoe, Ghana, Taylor Alyse Mithelman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Kente weavers in Kpetoe are in a precarious position, operating as small business owners and artisans residing on the periphery of Ghana, both geographically and in craft production. The weavers have struggled to find economic stability as rural artisans in a globalized economy. Initiatives brought about by local and international organizations have been largely focused on increasing tourism as a form of economic development in the community. In this thesis, I focus on the planning and implementation of the ecotourism center built in Kpetoe in 2010 through a partnership between the Nature Conservation Research Center (NCRC), a Ghanaian NGO led ...


Essays On Finance, Investment, And Money, Jae Hyoung Kim Jan 2019

Essays On Finance, Investment, And Money, Jae Hyoung Kim

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Three chapters in this dissertation revolve around the areas of empirical corporate finance and behavioral finance, with particular focuses on firms’ R&D financing, the manager side of behavioral finance, and the effect of network formations on media of exchange.

Chapter 2 examines the effects of the financial side of the firm on labor. These effects have not been studied extensively. Using the system Generalized Method of Moments, fixed effects, and IV models, this chapter shows that balance sheet liquidity (cash holdings) can help maintain stable employment in response to demand shocks.

Chapter 3 implements human-subject experiments. It shows how ...


Microstructure Theory Applied In Rmb Exchange Rate And Bitcoin Market Price, Qiong Wu Jan 2019

Microstructure Theory Applied In Rmb Exchange Rate And Bitcoin Market Price, Qiong Wu

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation presents the application of microstructure theory on the RMB exchange rate

and Bitcoin market price. The existing research on the RMB exchange rate and Bitcoin market price

mainly studied their statistical characteristics through empirical methodologies. This dissertation

fills the research gap in microstructure theory applied to the RMB exchange rate and Bitcoin market

price. First, the model for the determination of the two Renminbi (RMB) exchange rates and their

interactions is established, and empirical analysis suggests that the interactions among the two

exchange rates and the explanatory variables are time-varying, in particular, after the "811 RMB

exchange rate ...


Cross Asset Resource Allocation Framework For Pavement And Bridges In Iowa, Yazan Basem Abukhalil Jan 2019

Cross Asset Resource Allocation Framework For Pavement And Bridges In Iowa, Yazan Basem Abukhalil

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

With all the challenges facing U.S departments of transportation (US DOTs), especially the scarcity of resources and the deteriorating infrastructure systems, DOTs started to divert from separate assets decision making strategies to a more comprehensive resource allocation approach. This also resulted from the fact that the optimal allocation for each asset type separately is not the optimal allocation for all assets in the network. Specifically speaking about Iowa, about one quarter of Iowa’s primary roadways fail to meet a sufficiency rating considered minimally acceptable, furthermore the rural Interstate system in Iowa was ranked 38th in the nation in ...


Bedo Case Study, Glenn Harris Jan 2019

Bedo Case Study, Glenn Harris

Creative Components

No abstract provided.


Simulating Severe Supply Chain Disruptions With Multiple Suppliers And Firms, Kevin Korniejczuk Jan 2019

Simulating Severe Supply Chain Disruptions With Multiple Suppliers And Firms, Kevin Korniejczuk

Creative Components

Global supply chains are susceptible to disruptions. Disruptions in one part of the world can lead to supply chain problems for companies around the world. This creative component analyzes a model of severe supply chain disruptions where several suppliers encounter inoperable facilities, resulting in potential shortages for firms which purchase from those suppliers. All entities within the model are able to choose strategic initiatives to maintain operations. If an entity’s facility is closed because of a disruptive event, the entity can choose to move production to an alternate facility. If an entity’s facility is undamaged, the entity can ...


Analyzing Customer Buying Behavior, Tanya Nayyar Jan 2019

Analyzing Customer Buying Behavior, Tanya Nayyar

Creative Components

In this competitive digital era with millions of products and services-based companies in the market, most of the businesses try hard to survive and gain a competitive advantage over others. Every company needs a marketing strategy which provides them an edge over other companies in the market. To have a strong edge over the other companies and to have a great marketing strategy it is essential for a product/services providing company to understand their customers and understand how they feel, think, reason, and select between different products and services available in the market. By better understanding its customers and ...