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Full-Text Articles in African American Studies

Revising Diabetes Programming For Black Men And Their Families, Tera R. Hurt, Sarah L. Francis, Asani H. Seawell, Mary P. Krisco, Markus H. Flynn, Margaret C. O'Connor, Catherine S. Rudolph, April Hill Sep 2020

Revising Diabetes Programming For Black Men And Their Families, Tera R. Hurt, Sarah L. Francis, Asani H. Seawell, Mary P. Krisco, Markus H. Flynn, Margaret C. O'Connor, Catherine S. Rudolph, April Hill

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

Type-2 diabetes has increased 160% for African American males in the United States. This two-part study’s purpose was to apply social marketing theory to understand the Type-2 diabetes education needs of men in Iowa. Study One was a preference assessment of Type-2 diabetes education strategies. Four African American men participated in a series of four focus groups and indicated that they were interested in diabetes prevention programming with their families but not in having it labeled as diabetes education. Participating men would rather increase their physical activity as opposed to tracking their food intake. As a follow-up to this ...


The Impact Of Distal Influences And Proximal Resources On The Mental Health Of African American Older Adults: Findings From The Georgia Centenarian Study, Meneka C. Johnson Nicholson, Peter Martin, Megan Gilligan, Carolyn E. Cutrona, Daniel W. Russell, Tom J. Schofield, Leonard W. Poon Sep 2020

The Impact Of Distal Influences And Proximal Resources On The Mental Health Of African American Older Adults: Findings From The Georgia Centenarian Study, Meneka C. Johnson Nicholson, Peter Martin, Megan Gilligan, Carolyn E. Cutrona, Daniel W. Russell, Tom J. Schofield, Leonard W. Poon

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

Background and Objectives: Over the years, a large amount of research has been devoted to the investigation of factors that led to mental health outcomes in older adults. For African American older adults, their lived experiences place them at high risk for mental health problems. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of early life influences (i.e., education, childhood life events and childhood financial well-being) and present psychosocial resources (i.e., individual, financial, and social) on current mental health outcomes in a sample of African-American older adults in their 60s, 80s and 100s.

Research Design and ...


The Cultural Providers Network Of The Twin Cities, Minnesota, Antoinette M. Landor, Tera R. Hurt Apr 2017

The Cultural Providers Network Of The Twin Cities, Minnesota, Antoinette M. Landor, Tera R. Hurt

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

On opening day of the 2016 NCFR Annual Conference, a group of local educators, researchers and practitioners from the Twin Cities presented an overview of their collaborative, the Cultural Providers Network (CPN). The group’s major goal was described as improving quality access to mental health services for underserved populations. In addition to sharing effective approaches to providing culturally competent care, CPN members worked together on innovative research projects. The session briefly reviewed the group’s history and suggested ideas for par-ticipants interested in starting similar collaborations in their home locations.


Determinants And Long‐Term Effects Of Attendance Levels In A Marital Enrichment Program For African American Couples, Allen W. Barton, Steven R. H. Beach, Tera R. Hurt, Frank D. Fincham, Scott M. Stanley, Steven M. Kogan, Gene H. Brody Apr 2016

Determinants And Long‐Term Effects Of Attendance Levels In A Marital Enrichment Program For African American Couples, Allen W. Barton, Steven R. H. Beach, Tera R. Hurt, Frank D. Fincham, Scott M. Stanley, Steven M. Kogan, Gene H. Brody

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

Although most efficacious marital enrichment programs are multisession, few studies have explored whether outcomes differ according to session attendance, particularly among minority groups with lower than average participation in prevention programs. This study therefore investigates attendance levels and long‐term improvements in couple functioning among 164 couples participating in the Promoting Strong African American Families program. Structural equation models indicated session attendance predicted 2‐year changes for men's reports of communication, commitment, and spousal support (marginally) but not for women's. Individual and couple characteristics that predicted attendance levels were also identified. Results highlight distinct gender differences in the ...


The Effects Of General Social Support And Social Support For Racial Discrimination On African American Women’S Well-Being, Asani H. Seawell, Carolyn E. Cutrona, Daniel W. Russell Feb 2014

The Effects Of General Social Support And Social Support For Racial Discrimination On African American Women’S Well-Being, Asani H. Seawell, Carolyn E. Cutrona, Daniel W. Russell

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

The present longitudinal study examined the role of general and tailored social support in mitigating the deleterious impact of racial discrimination on depressive symptoms and optimism in a large sample of African American women. Participants were 590 African American women who completed measures assessing racial discrimination, general social support, tailored social support for racial discrimination, depressive symptoms, and optimism at two time points (2001-2002 and 2003-2004). Our results indicated that higher levels of general and tailored social support predicted optimism 1 year later; changes in both types of support also predicted changes in optimism over time. Although initial levels of ...


Black Men And Marriage: Is The Glass Half Empty Or Half Full?, Tera R. Hurt Jan 2014

Black Men And Marriage: Is The Glass Half Empty Or Half Full?, Tera R. Hurt

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

To date, a number of scholars have focused on understanding Black men’s retreat from marriage, rather than focusing on those who have succeeded in marriage. According to recent estimates, one-third of Black men in the U.S. were married; this proportion is fewer than Hispanics (44%), Whites (53%), and Asians (58%), as reported by the United States Census Bureau in 2014. Cultivating strong marital relationships is important because marriages impact physical, psychological, emotional, and financial well-being as well as children’s developmental outcomes. Thus, disparities in marital formation and stability could negatively impact individual, child, and family well-being (Bryant ...


Toward A Deeper Understanding Of The Meaning Of Marriage Among Black Men, Tera R. Hurt Jul 2013

Toward A Deeper Understanding Of The Meaning Of Marriage Among Black Men, Tera R. Hurt

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

Black men benefit from healthy, satisfying marriages in domains of physical, psychological, and financial well-being. Yet marriage among Black men has declined and remains elusive for many. One gap in the research concerns the positive meaning that Black men find in their marriages. Prior research has failed to collect in-depth accounts of Black men’s experiences of marriage. The purpose of this qualitative study is to explore the meaning of marriage among 52 Black men, using interview data. Findings highlight four themes in the meaning of marriage—secure emotional support, lifelong commitment, enhanced life success, and secure attachment. Two themes ...


Elucidating Parenting Processes That Influence Adolescent Alcohol Use: A Qualitative Inquiry, Tera R. Hurt, Gene H. Brody, Velma Mcbride Murry, Cady Berkel, Yi-Fu Chen Jan 2013

Elucidating Parenting Processes That Influence Adolescent Alcohol Use: A Qualitative Inquiry, Tera R. Hurt, Gene H. Brody, Velma Mcbride Murry, Cady Berkel, Yi-Fu Chen

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

This study’s purpose was to learn why some youth who participated in the Strong African American Families (SAAF) program increased alcohol use after 2 years whereas other youth did not. Using a sample of 28 African American caregiver-youth dyads, the authors collected qualitative data to explore these issues. Findings underscore the importance of caregivers’ practicing vigilant monitoring to keep their adolescents from experimenting with alcohol. Recommendations for limiting access to alcohol and encouraging vigilant parenting are discussed.


Understanding Distinct Marital Separation Patterns Among Black Couples, Tera R. Hurt Jan 2013

Understanding Distinct Marital Separation Patterns Among Black Couples, Tera R. Hurt

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

When Black married couples separate, they do so for longer durations without ever divorcing when compared to married adults from other racial and ethnic groups. Long periods of separation also have the potential to undermine individual well-being, child welfare, and family stability. This fact sheet provides an opportunity to learn more in hopes of better serving clients who may seek social services or take part in relationship development and marriage enrichment programs. The purpose of this fact sheet is to : (a) describe unique patterns in marital separation among Black couples, (b) highlight factors linked to marital separation, (c) outline consequences ...


Synthesizing And Focusing The Debate, Tera R. Hurt Dec 2012

Synthesizing And Focusing The Debate, Tera R. Hurt

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

Ralph Richard Banks makes a substantial contribution to the field of Black relationships, and marriage in general, with the book Is Marriage for White People? How the African American Marriage Decline Affects Everyone. Banks synthesizes research from law, sociology, and public health (to name a few) in his presentation of issues salient to the changing landscape of relationship formation and maintenance. To offer concrete examples of relationship issues and to provide evidence to support his claims, Banks revisits well‐known passages from popular movies and fictional literature and integrates examples from qualitative interviews he conducted with single Black women in ...


Dispelling The Myth: Black Couples Are Not Interested In Marriage., Tera R. Hurt Jan 2012

Dispelling The Myth: Black Couples Are Not Interested In Marriage., Tera R. Hurt

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

This fact sheet highlights the reality of seven common myths about black marriage. The aims in doing so are twofold: (1) to provide accurate information concerning demographic trends in black relationships among low-income persons, and (2) to share strategies safety-net service providers may use to encourage their clients to participate in healthy marriage and relationship education programs


Neighborhood Context And Financial Strain As Predictors Of Marital Interaction And Marital Quality In African American Couples, Carolyn E. Cutrona, Daniel W. Russell, W. Todd Abraham, Kelly A. Gardner, Janet N. Melby, Chalandra Bryant, Rand D. Conger Sep 2003

Neighborhood Context And Financial Strain As Predictors Of Marital Interaction And Marital Quality In African American Couples, Carolyn E. Cutrona, Daniel W. Russell, W. Todd Abraham, Kelly A. Gardner, Janet N. Melby, Chalandra Bryant, Rand D. Conger

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

Demographic characteristics, family financial strain, neighborhood–level economic disadvantage, and state of residence were tested as predictors of observed warmth, hostility, and self–reported marital quality. Participants were 202 married African American couples who resided in a range of neighborhood contexts. Neighborhood–level economic disadvantage predicted lower warmth during marital interactions, as did residence in the rural south. Consistent with the family stress model (e.g., Conger & Elder, 1994), family financial strain predicted lower perceived marital quality. Unexpectedly, neighborhood–level economic disadvantage predicted higher marital quality. Social comparison processes and degree of exposure to racially based discrimination are considered as ...