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Articles 1 - 30 of 986

Full-Text Articles in Architectural History and Criticism

Architecture Of The San Francisco Bay Area: The Influence Of The 1915 Panama-Pacific International Exposition, Orion Weinstein May 2018

Architecture Of The San Francisco Bay Area: The Influence Of The 1915 Panama-Pacific International Exposition, Orion Weinstein

Senior Theses and Capstone Projects

Just hours after the 1906 Earthquake, Jack London arrived in San Francisco and wrote an article for Collier's Magazine, “The Story of an Eyewitness.” He famously reported, “San Francisco is gone...Nothing remains of it but memories.” The earthquake and subsequent fire left most of San Francisco in ruins; commercial buildings, humble residences and grand estates destroyed. The City was a blank slate and in the process of rebuilding, there was the opportunity to utilize new architectural styles as well as create new architecture; significantly, the Panama-Pacific International Exposition of 1915 (PPIE) provided the impetus as well as the ...


Paolo Soleri And Arcology: An Analytical Comparison To Frank Lloyd Wright And Louis Kahn, Henry Millard May 2018

Paolo Soleri And Arcology: An Analytical Comparison To Frank Lloyd Wright And Louis Kahn, Henry Millard

Architecture Undergraduate Honors Theses

The city proposals of Paolo Soleri, he called them arcologies, are monumental and complex geometric megastructures intended to project great heights above desert horizons. These proposals purposefully abandon conventional notions of the city.

Soleri was physically isolated in his remote Arizona urban laboratory, Arcosanti, and philosophically detached from the professional urban design community. His proposals were often too easily understood as foreign and radical dystopian architectural metaphors meant to provoke thought more than to project an actual future. There is limited discourse on Soleri and this tends to isolate him in a vacuum, ignoring possible connections or parallels in his ...


Squatters, Shanties, And Technocratic Professionals: Urban Migration And Housing Shortages In Twentieth-Century Chile, Nathan C. Norris Jan 2018

Squatters, Shanties, And Technocratic Professionals: Urban Migration And Housing Shortages In Twentieth-Century Chile, Nathan C. Norris

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

This thesis examines the struggles of squatters and slum dwellers for housing prior to the 1973 coup in Santiago de Chile, Valparaíso, and surrounding areas, with a focus on the Frei era of the late 1960s. The work argues that severe urban overcrowding generated advocacy for housing during the rise of progressive and leftist politics in Chile. It also explores the dynamics of efforts to promote housing through the lens of the work of professionals in the fields of architecture and urban planning. It argues that Chilean professionals adopted modernist principals in the fields of architecture and planning when promoting ...


Finding Lost & Found: Designer’S Notes From The Process Of Creating A Jewish Game For Learning, Owen Gottlieb Dec 2017

Finding Lost & Found: Designer’S Notes From The Process Of Creating A Jewish Game For Learning, Owen Gottlieb

Articles

This article provides context for and examines aspects of the design process of a game for learning. Lost & Found (2017a, 2017b) is a tabletop-to-mobile game series designed to teach medieval religious legal systems, beginning with Moses Maimonides’ Mishneh Torah (1180), a cornerstone work of Jewish legal rabbinic literature. Through design narratives, the article demonstrates the complex design decisions faced by the team as they balance the needs of player engagement with learning goals. In the process the designers confront challenges in developing winstates and in working with complex resource management. The article provides insight into the pathways the team found ...


Purism And The Object-Type: Tradition And Modernity, Art And Society, Jamie Morra Dec 2017

Purism And The Object-Type: Tradition And Modernity, Art And Society, Jamie Morra

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

This thesis examines the Purist object-type as a formal and social tool in interwar Paris. It’s establishment, definition, and use is analyzed through the work and writings of Amédée Ozenfant, Charles-Édouard Jeanneret and Fernand Léger, via painting as the primary practice, and its further conceptual applications in architecture and film.


The Beginning Student Of Design: Architectural Frames Of Reference, Gregory S. Palermo Dec 2017

The Beginning Student Of Design: Architectural Frames Of Reference, Gregory S. Palermo

Gregory Palermo

There they are, every Tuesday and Thursday -- two hundred minds seeking perspective on the means by which to access architecture: to think about it, look at it and analyze it, engage in discussions about it, and experience it. Student interests and capabilities are varied because in addition to being required for pre-architecture students, this is a university general studies course -- a threshold into the adventure of architecture! This paper addresses the content and methods of introducing architectural frames of reference to the beginning student of design in the challenging large lecture learning environment. Canon and skepticism. Five frames of reference ...


Architecture Ethics Justice, Gregory S. Palermo Dec 2017

Architecture Ethics Justice, Gregory S. Palermo

Gregory Palermo

The title of this talk includes no conjunctions and bears no punctuation in order to heighten the conception of the simultaneity, the unitariness of three conceptions that we often perceive as disparate realms. As I put together these remarks, I have begun to think in terms of shaping a more complete paper with this same title – entering into a territory (perhaps presumptively!) not unlike Heidegger’s “Building Dwelling Thinking” of his earlier period -- which is not a dissimilar associative lead. Today though is not the time for a tightly argued philosophical statement regarding the premises of such a conflation.


Building Heaven On Earth: Bishop Maurice And The Novam Fabricam Of Burgos Cathedral, Teresa Witcombe Nov 2017

Building Heaven On Earth: Bishop Maurice And The Novam Fabricam Of Burgos Cathedral, Teresa Witcombe

Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies

The cathedral of Burgos, founded in 1221, was one of the first Gothic cathedrals to be constructed in the kingdom of Castile. Built by French masons and craftsmen, it stands as a monument to the introduction of the opus francigenum into Spain, and the convergence of French architectural models with Spanish ecclesiastical culture. As the thirteenth century progressed, this foreign style was adopted in a number of new cathedrals, including those of Toledo and León. Yet, although the architectural history of Burgos has been discussed in detail, far less is known about the cathedral’s founder and patron, Maurice, bishop ...


Translating Knowledge Into Design: Collaborations Between Studio And Cultural Inquiry, Mikesch Muecke, Jamie L. Horwitz Nov 2017

Translating Knowledge Into Design: Collaborations Between Studio And Cultural Inquiry, Mikesch Muecke, Jamie L. Horwitz

Mikesch Muecke

"The role that bathing plays within a culture," Siegfried Gideon writes, "reveals the culture's attitude coward human relaxation. Ir is a measure of how far individual well-being is regarded as an indispensable part of community life."' ln many parts of the world today, and for many centuries, baths that rely on mineral springs, geysers, heated water, steam or dry hear were designed for the regeneration of local populations without a nod coward utopian dreams, or the exclusivity of private spas. Unlike the contemporary US, public thermal baths in Germany are central ro the economy of"curing towns" and paid ...


Welcome To Fabulous Las Vegas: Contestations From Gambling To Water Rights, Mikesch Muecke Nov 2017

Welcome To Fabulous Las Vegas: Contestations From Gambling To Water Rights, Mikesch Muecke

Mikesch Muecke

Let me dwell for a moment on the fabulous aspects of the city and its environs. The word ‘fabulous’ derives from the Latin fabula which gives us the English ‘fable’, a short narrative that provides an edifying or cautionary point. Fables can be pedagogical instruments. When Denise Scott-Brown, Robert Venturi, the late Steven Izenour et al took a first—second—look in 1968, they insisted in their formal analysis of the Las Vegas strip to postpone judgment, i.e. they proposed to view the space through a dispassionate lense, assembling analytic maps while resisting the temptation to judge the Strip ...


P-06 Cuilcagh Mountain Regional Research Project, Ireland, Rhonda Root, Ariel Solis, Robin Johnson Nov 2017

P-06 Cuilcagh Mountain Regional Research Project, Ireland, Rhonda Root, Ariel Solis, Robin Johnson

Celebration of Research and Creative Scholarship

During May and June of this past summer (2017) Professors Ariel Solis, Robin Johnson, and Rhonda Root began a faculty research project that started recording and investigating traditional Irish cottages (post-famine) along the border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. This project is affiliated with the Marble Arch Caves UNESCO Global Geopark, which is within the Cuilcagh Mountain Region along the border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.

While in Ireland our research focused on three sites: Moneygashel Cashel (Co Cavan), located in the Republic of Ireland, and Gortmaconnell and Legnabrocky (Co Fermanagh) in Northern Ireland ...


Forming Community Partnerships, Lori Foley Oct 2017

Forming Community Partnerships, Lori Foley

CHAR

In the event of a disaster, regardless of the type or scope, the first response is always local. For the institutions and organizations charged with safeguarding the nation’s cultural and historic resources – museums, historical societies, libraries, and municipal offices, to name just a few – building relationships with local first responders and emergency managers before disaster strikes is key to ensuring the safety of staff and collections. State emergency management agencies are also collaborating with their state cultural agencies to protect these valuable and vulnerable resources. The resulting emergency networks better position the local community and the state to be ...


Lessons Learned From Culture In Crisis; Or Protecting The Past To Save The Future, Laurie Rush Oct 2017

Lessons Learned From Culture In Crisis; Or Protecting The Past To Save The Future, Laurie Rush

CHAR

At the midpoint of the second decade of the 21st century, the world is experiencing deliberate destruction of cultural property at a scale not seen since the Second World War. Future protection and preservation of cultural heritage depends on learning from tragedy and applying these lessons as pro-actively as possible. First, we are discovering that no matter the threat, there are people who risk their lives to save artifacts and features of their culture, and the motives for this courage are retrospectively clear. For a community to survive a conflict or disaster as a corporate entity, elements of shared ...


Keynote Address - When Violent Nonstate Actors Target Cultural Heritage Sites, Victor Asal Oct 2017

Keynote Address - When Violent Nonstate Actors Target Cultural Heritage Sites, Victor Asal

CHAR

Why would organizations attack or kill people at cultural heritage sites or destroy such sites? Using data from the Big Allied and Dangerous insurgent dataset that has data on 140 insurgent organizations from 1998-2012, and data from the Global Terrorism Database, this presentation examines the factors that make insurgent groups more likely to attack such sites or kill people at such sites. We look at the impact of organizational ideology, organizational structure and power as well as country level factors.


Mitigation, Response And Recovery, Richard Lord Oct 2017

Mitigation, Response And Recovery, Richard Lord

CHAR

Abstract: Hurricane Harvey ravaged Texas and Louisiana nearly five years after Superstorm Sandy devastated the East Coast and caused 53 deaths, destroyed or severely damaged 100,000 Long Island homes, and left an estimated $42 billion in damages across New York State.

This session will provide an overview of the disaster relief and assistance programs available under the Stafford Act, when they are triggered, and how private non-profit and cultural institutions can plan for natural hazards and take full advantage of available aid. There will also be discussion of the NYS Hazard Mitigation Plan, the Community Risk and Resiliency Act ...


Informing Responders Using Gis And Gps, Deidre Mccarthy Oct 2017

Informing Responders Using Gis And Gps, Deidre Mccarthy

CHAR

Hurricane Katrina devastated the Gulf Coast in August 2005 and created the single largest disaster for cultural resources that the United States has witnessed since the inception of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) in 1966. Notably, the NHPA created the National Register of Historic Places, our nation’s catalog of important cultural resources. The NHPA also stipulates that any federal undertaking which may adversely affect National Register eligible resources be mitigated. For the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), Katrina created the largest compliance project ever under Section 106 of the NHPA.

Although causing a great deal of damage, Katrina ...


Keynote Address: Climate Change: From Global To New York Scale, Christopher D. Thorncroft Oct 2017

Keynote Address: Climate Change: From Global To New York Scale, Christopher D. Thorncroft

CHAR

This talk is concerned with the science and impacts of climate change from global to New York scales. It will provide an assessment of how the climate has changed over the past Century based on a purely observational perspective. The scientific basis for anthroprogenic climate change will be explained and discussed including a description of the “greenhouse effect” and why it is important for life on this planet. We will briefly discuss global and local consequences of a warmer climate and what we need to be prepared for going forward in the coming decades.


Opening Keynote Address: Using Data To Understand Cultural Destruction, Brian I. Daniels Oct 2017

Opening Keynote Address: Using Data To Understand Cultural Destruction, Brian I. Daniels

CHAR

Brian I. Daniels, Ph.D, Penn Cultural Heritage Center, University of Pennsylvania Museum.

Why is cultural heritage targeted in conflict? Under what circumstances? By whom? Today, due in part to the recent notorious instances of cultural destruction in the Middle East and North Africa, there is perhaps more attention among the broader scientific community than ever before about the phenomenon of cultural loss. At the same time, there are many significant data and analytical gaps. Little social science literature about cultural destruction exists and many critical questions—and avenues of research—are, as of yet, unstudied. A primary reason for ...


Bermain Angka Togel Hongkong Terpercaya Dan Terlengkap 2017, Togel Hongkong Oct 2017

Bermain Angka Togel Hongkong Terpercaya Dan Terlengkap 2017, Togel Hongkong

togel hongkong

Bermain Angka Togel Hongkong Terpercaya Dan Terlengkap 2017 

Sebagai pengantar, penggilingan akan menjadi sistem atau metode yang menghasilkan berbagai kemungkinan kombinasi angka. Anda rajin, atau menyerah. Namun, ini justru yang Anda butuhkan untuk menjauh. Dengan tidak ada pemenang sejak 1 Februari, jackpot Mega Millions terus berguling, mendaki lebih tinggi dengan setiap gambar. Foto Mega Milioner malam ini menghasilkan anuitas $ 172.000.000 yang diperkirakan baik, atau sejumlah uang tunai sejumlah $ 108,9000,000. 

Gas America memenangkan pemungutan suara untuk pompa bensin terbaik di Noblesville karena beberapa alasan. Hal ini sangat mungkin untuk masuk dan berhubungan dengan ...


Provenance Of Place And Past: Designing A Bathhouse For Charlottesville (Print), Maya Chandler Oct 2017

Provenance Of Place And Past: Designing A Bathhouse For Charlottesville (Print), Maya Chandler

James Madison Undergraduate Research Journal (JMURJ)

Site, to an architect, should comprise not only the topographical and physical markers of the place, but also the cultural, historical, atmospheric, ritualistic, or intangible qualities of place. New projects ask us to examine what has preceded the proposed architecture and invite it into the work that we place on a site—not ignoring the past, mowing it down, or covering it up—but allowing it to point us in the direction of an architectural intervention. This project redesigns the historic Albemarle County Jail in downtown Charlottesville, Virginia, into a bathhouse. The place-based bathhouse design acknowledges several key elements in ...


Solidarita Housing Estate In Its European Context, Kimberly E. Zarecor Oct 2017

Solidarita Housing Estate In Its European Context, Kimberly E. Zarecor

Kimberly E. Zarecor

Europe just after World War II was a damaged environment. Many of its cities had been devastated and people suffered tremendously across the continent. Millions were dead, millions displaced or sick, and millions more were being forcibly relocated to new territories during waves of expulsions. According to United Nations figures, more than 8.8 million housing units had been destroyed in eighteen European countries during the war; at least another 5.6 million units were uninhabitable. This represented one out of every nine units extant in 1939.2 By 1947, the Cold War was underway as the United States and ...


What Was So Socialist About The Socialist City? Second World Urbanity In Europe, Kimberly E. Zarecor Oct 2017

What Was So Socialist About The Socialist City? Second World Urbanity In Europe, Kimberly E. Zarecor

Kimberly E. Zarecor

Socialist cities have most often been studied as manifestations of the socialist system itself, linked to the political fate of the Communist Parties in power during their design, construction, and expansion. This article revisits the socialist city and argues for the validity of the concept historically and in the present. Looking qualitatively at this distinct paradigm in Europe, two analytical frameworks are offered, infrastructural thinking and the socialist scaffold. The analysis shows that the universal aspiration for socialist cities was their continuous operation as synchronized instruments of economic production and social transformation in physical space. Distinct from capitalist cities, they ...


El Valle De Los Caídos: Spain’S Inability To Digest Its Historical Memory, Michael Heard Johnson Oct 2017

El Valle De Los Caídos: Spain’S Inability To Digest Its Historical Memory, Michael Heard Johnson

Michael C. Johnson

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Social Studies of Bard College.


Integrity & Incentives: Seeking Equity In Historic Preservation Law, Anneka Olson Sep 2017

Integrity & Incentives: Seeking Equity In Historic Preservation Law, Anneka Olson

Access*: Interdisciplinary Journal of Student Research and Scholarship

In this article, the author presents a case study of mobile home park residents seeking historic designation in the face of neighborhood demolition. The neighborhood’s ineligibility to become a historic site under current law can help demonstrate larger patterns of inequitable outcomes within historic preservation practice. In particular, the author argues that the application of preservation law—despite being formally neutral regarding issues of racial and socioeconomic equity—reinforces existing racial, economic, and spatial inequities. Drawing on the challenge of legal closure from critical legal studies (CLS), the author argues that law and historicity are mutually constituting, and that ...


Never Forgets: Traumatic Trace Within Public Space, Jan Descartes Sep 2017

Never Forgets: Traumatic Trace Within Public Space, Jan Descartes

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This paper will interrogate the ways in which ephemera from events affects the human and non- human environment and how the absence, manipulation or presence of traumatic trace weaves itself into the atmosphere of the past, present and future. It will look at space and the ways that trace manifests itself in hierarchal spaces and Lebbeus Woods’ concept of heterarchial spaces, which are organic and/or horizontally organized. A thread throughout is the question that if trace from trauma can exist in the visual field, i.e. the physical or digital landscape, in a way that maintains a discourse without ...


Reseña De: Vv. Aa., La Legislación Del Segundo Imperio, México, Instituto Nacional De Estudios Históricos De Las Revoluciones De México-Gobierno Del Estado De México, 2016, Eduardo Torres Alonso Jun 2017

Reseña De: Vv. Aa., La Legislación Del Segundo Imperio, México, Instituto Nacional De Estudios Históricos De Las Revoluciones De México-Gobierno Del Estado De México, 2016, Eduardo Torres Alonso

Eduardo Torres Alonso

No abstract provided.


Socialist Neighborhoods After Socialism The Past, Present, And Future Of Postwar Housing In The Czech Republic, Kimberly Elman Zarecor Jun 2017

Socialist Neighborhoods After Socialism The Past, Present, And Future Of Postwar Housing In The Czech Republic, Kimberly Elman Zarecor

Kimberly E. Zarecor

The Czech Republic’s socialist-era neighborhoods are largely intact twenty years after the end of Communist Party rule. These buildings will be rehabilitated, but not replaced, because of financial and logistical constraints. In the context of the country’s accession to the European Union in 2004 and the recent global economic crisis, this essay questions what can and should be done in an effort to make these neighborhoods better places to live in the present and the future. It starts with a brief history of postwar housing construction and socialist-era design methodologies, exploring postwar architectural practice and innovations in construction ...


Czech Paneláks Are Disappearing, But The Housing Estates Remain / České Paneláky Miznú, Ale Sídliská Zostávajú, Kimberly Elman Zarecor, Eva Špačková Jun 2017

Czech Paneláks Are Disappearing, But The Housing Estates Remain / České Paneláky Miznú, Ale Sídliská Zostávajú, Kimberly Elman Zarecor, Eva Špačková

Kimberly E. Zarecor

A common lament about the legacy of communism in Europe is the damage that it did to the built environment. Particular ire is directed at the concrete prefabricated housing blocks, known in Czech and Slovak as paneláks (structural panel buildings), groups of which were arranged in housing estates (sídliště in Czech and sídlisko in Slovak) to create the region’s characteristic postwar districts. Paneláks were not only signs of the increased production of new housing, but also indicated the acceleration of urbanization in the region as residents moved from rural areas to towns and cities for work. According to United ...


Book Reviews: Designing Tito's Capital: Urban Planning, Modernism, And Socialism In Belgrade, Kimberly E. Zarecor Jun 2017

Book Reviews: Designing Tito's Capital: Urban Planning, Modernism, And Socialism In Belgrade, Kimberly E. Zarecor

Kimberly E. Zarecor

In this history of New Belgrade, historian Brigitte Le Normand writes one of the first comprehensive municipal-level case studies of a postwar socialist urban planning project. The book chronicles the development of a new urban district within the capital city of Belgrade from the first modernist plans for the area just after World War II through several stages of stop-and-go development that finally accelerated in the late 1960s with the construction of both official housing blocks and informal settlements. The text highlights the difficulties encountered by urban planners, residents, and the local government to agree on the project's goals ...


The Local History Of An International Type: The Structural Panel Building In Czechoslovakia, Kimberly Elman Zarecor Jun 2017

The Local History Of An International Type: The Structural Panel Building In Czechoslovakia, Kimberly Elman Zarecor

Kimberly E. Zarecor

Focusing on the state-run system of architectural offices as a mediator between politics and practice, this article considers how the 1948 Communist Party takeover of Czechoslovakia affected architectural practice and the establishment of housing types in the early 1950s. The legacy of a strong local construction industry before 1948 was critical to these developments. At the new Institute of Prefabricated Buildings, created in 1952, architects and engineers continued earlier research on prefabricated construction technologies. Through this work, the Czechoslovak government and its architectural administration soon concluded that its best long-term option for solving the country's housing crisis was the ...