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Articles 1 - 30 of 916

Full-Text Articles in Architectural History and Criticism

Decent Work And Social Protection In Belo Horizonte, Brazil, Monica A. Haddad, Joshua Hellyer Jun 2017

Decent Work And Social Protection In Belo Horizonte, Brazil, Monica A. Haddad, Joshua Hellyer

Monica Haddad

This paper examines how beneficiaries of Brazil’s Bolsa Família (BFP) conditional cash transfer program find employment in a Brazilian municipality, and assesses their participation in decent work. Using Belo Horizonte as a case study, researchers conducted a survey of BFP recipients. The paper compares responses of informally and formally employed workers to assess how their employment meets the criteria of the decent work agenda. Results indicate no significant difference between perceptions of formal and informal employees concerning discrimination and poor working conditions. Findings lead to recommendations about formalization of employment, coordination with existing job training programs, childcare, and transportation.


The Queen Anne Style In Houses Of Boone, Iowa: A Social And Economic Interpretation, Lori Osmus Kappmeyer Jun 2017

The Queen Anne Style In Houses Of Boone, Iowa: A Social And Economic Interpretation, Lori Osmus Kappmeyer

Lori O. Kappmeyer

One of the premises of this thesis was that the way in which the Queen Anne style was manifested in Boone, Iowa was a reflection of the social and economic characteristics of that town in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. The Queen Anne style was the dominant style used for American houses built between 1880 and 1900, when Boone experienced its greatest building boom. While it would be reasonable to expect that many of the houses in Boone would be in the Queen Anne style, surprisingly few houses in Boone are full expressions of that style. A popular ...


Book Reviews: Designing Tito's Capital: Urban Planning, Modernism, And Socialism In Belgrade, Kimberly E. Zarecor Jun 2017

Book Reviews: Designing Tito's Capital: Urban Planning, Modernism, And Socialism In Belgrade, Kimberly E. Zarecor

Kimberly E. Zarecor

In this history of New Belgrade, historian Brigitte Le Normand writes one of the first comprehensive municipal-level case studies of a postwar socialist urban planning project. The book chronicles the development of a new urban district within the capital city of Belgrade from the first modernist plans for the area just after World War II through several stages of stop-and-go development that finally accelerated in the late 1960s with the construction of both official housing blocks and informal settlements. The text highlights the difficulties encountered by urban planners, residents, and the local government to agree on the project's goals ...


Socialist Neighborhoods After Socialism The Past, Present, And Future Of Postwar Housing In The Czech Republic, Kimberly Elman Zarecor Jun 2017

Socialist Neighborhoods After Socialism The Past, Present, And Future Of Postwar Housing In The Czech Republic, Kimberly Elman Zarecor

Kimberly E. Zarecor

The Czech Republic’s socialist-era neighborhoods are largely intact twenty years after the end of Communist Party rule. These buildings will be rehabilitated, but not replaced, because of financial and logistical constraints. In the context of the country’s accession to the European Union in 2004 and the recent global economic crisis, this essay questions what can and should be done in an effort to make these neighborhoods better places to live in the present and the future. It starts with a brief history of postwar housing construction and socialist-era design methodologies, exploring postwar architectural practice and innovations in construction ...


Czech Paneláks Are Disappearing, But The Housing Estates Remain / České Paneláky Miznú, Ale Sídliská Zostávajú, Kimberly Elman Zarecor, Eva Špačková Jun 2017

Czech Paneláks Are Disappearing, But The Housing Estates Remain / České Paneláky Miznú, Ale Sídliská Zostávajú, Kimberly Elman Zarecor, Eva Špačková

Kimberly E. Zarecor

A common lament about the legacy of communism in Europe is the damage that it did to the built environment. Particular ire is directed at the concrete prefabricated housing blocks, known in Czech and Slovak as paneláks (structural panel buildings), groups of which were arranged in housing estates (sídliště in Czech and sídlisko in Slovak) to create the region’s characteristic postwar districts. Paneláks were not only signs of the increased production of new housing, but also indicated the acceleration of urbanization in the region as residents moved from rural areas to towns and cities for work. According to United ...


The Local History Of An International Type: The Structural Panel Building In Czechoslovakia, Kimberly Elman Zarecor Jun 2017

The Local History Of An International Type: The Structural Panel Building In Czechoslovakia, Kimberly Elman Zarecor

Kimberly E. Zarecor

Focusing on the state-run system of architectural offices as a mediator between politics and practice, this article considers how the 1948 Communist Party takeover of Czechoslovakia affected architectural practice and the establishment of housing types in the early 1950s. The legacy of a strong local construction industry before 1948 was critical to these developments. At the new Institute of Prefabricated Buildings, created in 1952, architects and engineers continued earlier research on prefabricated construction technologies. Through this work, the Czechoslovak government and its architectural administration soon concluded that its best long-term option for solving the country's housing crisis was the ...


Making The Gigantic Suburban Residential Complex In Beijing: Political Economy Processes And Everyday Life In The 2010s, Pengfei Li Jun 2017

Making The Gigantic Suburban Residential Complex In Beijing: Political Economy Processes And Everyday Life In The 2010s, Pengfei Li

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Suburbanization is an ongoing development process in China. Hundreds of thousands of construction projects are being undertaken in outskirts of most Chinese cities, despite the increasing domestic and international concerns over China’s housing oversupply (Xu, 2010; Gough, 2015; Li, 2015). The suburbanization of China, however, is fundamentally different from the suburbanization of most Western countries, especially the United States, whose massive post-war suburbanization took place as a continuation of its pre-war industrialization and urbanization movements. In the Chinese context, suburbanization is the process of urbanization as well—urbanization and suburbanization have been promoted simultaneously since the 1990s. It is ...


A Period Examination Through Contemporary Energy Analysis Of Kevin Roche’S Fine Arts Center At University Of Massachusetts-Amherst, L Carl Fiocchi Jr May 2017

A Period Examination Through Contemporary Energy Analysis Of Kevin Roche’S Fine Arts Center At University Of Massachusetts-Amherst, L Carl Fiocchi Jr

L. Carl Fiocchi

Studies of buildings belonging to a subset of Modernist architecture, Brutalism, have included discussions pertaining to social and architectural history, critical reception, tectonic form and geometry inspirations, material property selections, period technology limitations, and migration of public perceptions. Evaluations of Brutalist buildings’ energy related performances have been restricted to anecdotal observations with particular focus on the building type’s poor thermal performance, a result of the preferred construction method, i.e. monolithic reinforced concrete used as structure, interior finish and exterior finish. A valid criticism, but one that served to dismiss discussion that the possibility of other positive design strategies ...


"A Vigorous Propaganda": The Peace Conferences Of 1899 And 1907, The Peace Palace, And Internationalism Through Design At The Hague, 1899–1920, Daniel Pecoraro May 2017

"A Vigorous Propaganda": The Peace Conferences Of 1899 And 1907, The Peace Palace, And Internationalism Through Design At The Hague, 1899–1920, Daniel Pecoraro

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

This thesis uncovers the history of the Peace Palace and The Hague’s role in the early days of the internationalist movement. In the process of localizing the early twentieth century history of The Hague, this thesis examines the development of international imagery and culture through design. The Peace Palace as we know it today was ultimately a result of tensions between internationalist ideas (cooperation, arbitration, modernity) and the pride of Old World nationalism. The final design by Louis Cordonnier and J. A. G. Van der Steur repudiates the feeling of modernity surrounding the idea of peace through arbitration. It ...


Intelligible Hospitals ( Understanding The Parts = Understanding The Whole), Giovonni C. Reese May 2017

Intelligible Hospitals ( Understanding The Parts = Understanding The Whole), Giovonni C. Reese

Bachelor of Architecture Theses - 5th Year

Healthcare complexes exemplify many features of complex buildings since they expand over time to accommodate growth and the ever increasing specialization of branches of clinical medicine. We understand and use buildings by moving through them. Especially in hospital complexes, intelligibility of movement is critical for the functioning and the interfacing among patients, visitors and healthcare professionals. This thesis focuses on the redesign of the circulation system in Piedmont Hospital complex in Atlanta GA, which has expanded over the years into a sprawling complex labyrinth of pavilions. In 1957, Piedmont started on Peachtree street with just one central building. A series ...


The Artifacts Of Preserving: Housing Echoes Of Silence, Jennifer Nicklas May 2017

The Artifacts Of Preserving: Housing Echoes Of Silence, Jennifer Nicklas

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Viewing Heaven: Rock Crystal, Reliquaries, And Transparency In Fourteenth-Century Aachen, Claire Kilgore May 2017

Viewing Heaven: Rock Crystal, Reliquaries, And Transparency In Fourteenth-Century Aachen, Claire Kilgore

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Creative Activity, School of Art, Art History and Design

This thesis examines reliquaries and objects associated with medieval Christian practice in fourteenth-century Aachen. The city's cathedral and treasury contain prestigious relics, reliquaries, and liturgical items, aided by its status as the Holy Roman Empire's coronation church. During the reign of Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV (r. 1349-1378), reliquaries, pilgrimage, and architecture reflect late medieval interests in vision, optics, and transparency. Two mid-fourteenth century reliquaries from the Aachen Cathedral Treasury, the Reliquary of Charlemagne and the Three-Steepled Reliquary, display relics through rock crystal windows, in contrast to the obscuring characteristics of earlier reliquaries. Not only do the two ...


Three Experiments In Wood And Computational Design, Marcin Wójcik May 2017

Three Experiments In Wood And Computational Design, Marcin Wójcik

Articles

This article focuses on the relationships among material-oriented design, digital technologies, and environmentally responsible construction. It argues that computational design methods and digital manufacturing have the capacity to open new opportunities for design and can lead to more sustainable practices. Through an analysis of three experiments in design and construction, the research seeks solutions that use the inherent material properties and behavior of wood to replace toxic chemicals, metal connectors, and energy-intensive processes. Offering an alternative to design processes that begin with theory and representation, this paper proposes a different approach, beginning with experiments in materiality. This approach involves methods ...


Lacuna: Transcendence Of The Human Body Through The Space Between, Anica Bottom May 2017

Lacuna: Transcendence Of The Human Body Through The Space Between, Anica Bottom

Honors Theses and Capstone Projects

This essay examines the author’s choreography, Lacuna, and research integral to its representation. During the choreographic process, experimentation of how the human body moves in relation to different architectural space was observed. In collaboration with the cast of dancers, cohesion of personal experiences in particular locations was evaluated: specifically, investigation of how environments has the ability to trigger habits or patterns of movement from both past and present experiences. A closer look at how the body responds on a visceral level to the physical and emotional sense of place is described. Although the choreographic piece, Lacuna, came to be ...


Restoring The Gothic: The Fate Of Medieval Cathedrals In A Divided Germany, 1945 - Present, Haley Walton May 2017

Restoring The Gothic: The Fate Of Medieval Cathedrals In A Divided Germany, 1945 - Present, Haley Walton

Architecture Undergraduate Honors Theses

At the end of World War II, Germany faced some of the greatest levels of destruction of any country in Europe, leaving their historic cities and iconic architecture in ruin. Across the country, some monuments were restored with the upmost attention to detail, while others were maintained in a state of rubble for decades. Following the 1949 division of the state into West Germany (a democratic republic) and East Germany (a socialist autocracy), most of the rebuilding took place against the backdrop of strong ideological differences. But the two new nations shared a centuries-long history, and, after rehabilitating basic infrastructure ...


Image And Perception Of The Top Five American Tourist Cities As Represented By Snow Globes, Caitlin Malloy May 2017

Image And Perception Of The Top Five American Tourist Cities As Represented By Snow Globes, Caitlin Malloy

Architecture Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis investigates the connection between popular culture’s perception of place and the physical augmentation of reality. Focusing on the top five tourist cities in America, this disparateness is observed through the lens of a souvenir: the snow globe.

The presentation of the work is broken into two parts: the written portion and the book of diagrams. A total of 45 snow globes (9 for each of the 5 cities) were selected for the study, each carefully analyzed for content to include monuments, colors, text, dimensions, realism, and layout. This resulted in a series of diagrams which graphically express ...


Eulogy To Architecture: The Three-Dimensional Collage City Of Nostalgia, Molly A. Evans May 2017

Eulogy To Architecture: The Three-Dimensional Collage City Of Nostalgia, Molly A. Evans

Architecture Undergraduate Honors Theses

In our time of existence on the Earth, human beings have designed and realized beautiful things. As we face the challenges that confront us today, we begin to understand the fragility of humankind’s creations. Many of the world’s cities and buildings lie in ruins, gazed at by tourists, studied by scholars, while more lie buried in the ground for hundreds of years, some never to be rediscovered. Everything around us is an accumulation of knowledge and ideas built upon for centuries, now facing questionable circumstances. Of course, the more recent Aleppo and other Middle Eastern cities have fallen ...


Statements In Stone: The Politics Of Architecture In Charlemagne's Aachen, Mary Katherine Tipton May 2017

Statements In Stone: The Politics Of Architecture In Charlemagne's Aachen, Mary Katherine Tipton

Theses and Dissertations

Statements in Stone is an intersectional and preliminary study of the architecture and social aspects of the palatine complex of Aachen Germany during the reign of Charlemagne approximately spanning from the 790s to 814CE. The interplay between built space and its social uses inform the larger social understandings and interpretations of power and authority. Court poetry written by contemporaries and courtiers of Charlemagne allow readers to glimpse the court as it moved through and interacted with the built environment. Architectural precedents inform the connotations associated with the spaces of Aachen, while spatial theory will provide a framework for understanding the ...


Operational Jakarta: The Problem Of Representation, Kevin Patrick Jeffers May 2017

Operational Jakarta: The Problem Of Representation, Kevin Patrick Jeffers

Masters Theses

As the twenty-first century unfolds with newly formed degrees of hypercomplex interactions and reactions amongst space, time, economy, politics, social dynamics, and cultural paradigms, we are observing new typologies of urbanism that are different in kind, rather than degree, from the previous “urban” upon which the vast majority of present theoretical and practical discourse has been based. The techniques, strategies, and methodologies of the twentieth-century no longer serve to adequately represent or to explain the phenomena of today’s incipient mega-cities. A new vocabulary must be developed. A new way of seeing is required in order to understand and therefor ...


Formative Experiences: Saarinen's Shells And The Evolutionary Impact Of Construction Challenges, Rob Whitehead Apr 2017

Formative Experiences: Saarinen's Shells And The Evolutionary Impact Of Construction Challenges, Rob Whitehead

Rob Whitehead

A half-century ago, Eero Saarinen and Associates collaborated with the structural engineers of Ammann & Whitney in the design, documentation, and oversight of two very different, and completely unprecedented, concrete shell projects: Kresge Auditorium (1951-55) and TWA Terminal (1956-62). The building designs were intentionally anomalous from traditional shell projects, particularly in the manner by which they deviated from conventional structural logic of their forms-albeit in very different ways.

Unsurprisingly, the construction challenges for the projects were equally different and profound, requiring a great deal of innovation and collaboration. Design teams had to devise ways to work collaboratively to address the particular ...


Saarinen’S Shells: The Evolution Of Engineering Influence, Rob Whitehead Apr 2017

Saarinen’S Shells: The Evolution Of Engineering Influence, Rob Whitehead

Rob Whitehead

This paper will examine the collaborative practice relationship between Eero Saarinen & Associates and Ammann & Whitney Engineers during their decade-long partnership in designing and documenting three concrete shell projects: Kresge Auditorium, TWA Terminal, and Dulles Airport Terminal. The variable range of the buildings’ formal expressions can be traced back to a corresponding level of involvement and influence from the structural engineers, resulting in a shift of Saarinen’s designs.


Polygons, Pillars And Pavilions: Discovering Connections Between Geometry And Architecture, Sean Patrick Madden Mar 2017

Polygons, Pillars And Pavilions: Discovering Connections Between Geometry And Architecture, Sean Patrick Madden

Journal of Catholic Education

Crowning the second semester of geometry, taught within a Catholic middle school, the author's students explored connections between the geometry of regular polygons and architecture of local buildings. They went on to explore how these principles apply famous buildings around the world such as the monuments of Washington, D.C. and the elliptical piazza of Saint Peter's Basilica at Vatican City within Rome, Italy.


The Modern Elements Inside Moorish Spatial Design, Faris Turkistani Mar 2017

The Modern Elements Inside Moorish Spatial Design, Faris Turkistani

Undergraduate Research Symposium

For the duration of 700 years part of the Iberian Peninsula was ruled by Muslims under the name of Al-Andalus. In that period a unique architectural vernacular was established combining the traditional Islamic architecture from cities such as, Damascus, Cairo, and Baghdad, with the locals who have better familiarity with the properties of the land. This combination produced buildings that successfully address the site and its surroundings, and create a healthy, comfortable, and aesthetically unique architecture.

This architectural combination resulted in innovative methods of designing the spatial qualities that was a vast improvement over the architecture of Visigoth. The courtyard ...


Miguel Fisac's Direct Influence In Modern Spanish Architecture Through Concrete Innovation, Jessica Schultz Mar 2017

Miguel Fisac's Direct Influence In Modern Spanish Architecture Through Concrete Innovation, Jessica Schultz

Undergraduate Research Symposium

During the late 1900’s, Spain encountered a new spirit and sense of optimism, one phase of which was ushered in by Franco’s dictablanda. This new leniency allowed for more freedom in not only politics or social constructs, but also architecture. One very obvious example of this optimism in architecture is illustrated through Miguel Fisac’s bone architecture.

Miguel Fisac searched for innovative ways to create architectural and structural details. His bone-like structures varied in size depending on the building, but Fisac’s architecture always embodied a natural sense of structure, due to his continued use of hollow prestressed ...


Decent Work And Social Protection In Belo Horizonte, Brazil, Monica A. Haddad, Joshua Hellyer Jan 2017

Decent Work And Social Protection In Belo Horizonte, Brazil, Monica A. Haddad, Joshua Hellyer

Community and Regional Planning Publications

This paper examines how beneficiaries of Brazil’s Bolsa Família (BFP) conditional cash transfer program find employment in a Brazilian municipality, and assesses their participation in decent work. Using Belo Horizonte as a case study, researchers conducted a survey of BFP recipients. The paper compares responses of informally and formally employed workers to assess how their employment meets the criteria of the decent work agenda. Results indicate no significant difference between perceptions of formal and informal employees concerning discrimination and poor working conditions. Findings lead to recommendations about formalization of employment, coordination with existing job training programs, childcare, and transportation.


The [E]Motionless Body No Longer: Tracing The Historical Intersections Of Mental Illness And Movement In The American Asylum, Holly Adele Herzfeld Jan 2017

The [E]Motionless Body No Longer: Tracing The Historical Intersections Of Mental Illness And Movement In The American Asylum, Holly Adele Herzfeld

Senior Projects Spring 2017

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Multidisciplinary Studies of Bard College.


The "Postmodern Geographies" Of Frank Gehry's Los Angeles, Katherine Shearer Jan 2017

The "Postmodern Geographies" Of Frank Gehry's Los Angeles, Katherine Shearer

Scripps Senior Theses

This thesis examines the ways in which Frank Gehry’s architectural contributions to Los Angeles’ social and built environment have shaped the region’s “postmodern geographies” throughout the 20th and 21st century. Through a focused exploration of three of Gehry’s postmodernist structures in Greater Los Angeles—a house, a library, and a concert hall—this thesis analyses how Gehry and his designs reflected and affected the artistic and socio-spatial development of Los Angeles’ “decidedly postmodern landscape.”


Walking In The City: Koji Nakano’S Reimagining And Re-Sounding Of The Tale Of Genji, Isabella Ramos Jan 2017

Walking In The City: Koji Nakano’S Reimagining And Re-Sounding Of The Tale Of Genji, Isabella Ramos

Scripps Senior Theses

Imagined Sceneries is a work written by composer Dr. Koji Nakano of Burapha University, Thailand for two sopranos, koto, light percussion, narrations, soundscapes recorded in Kyoto, Japan in December 2015, and digital projections of Ebina Masao’s 1953 print series Tale of Genji. Imagined Sceneries’ reimagining and “re-sounding” of Heian Kyoto relies on a balance between what is imagined and what is experienced in performance. Its many elements collectively explore multiple layers of Japanese histories, soundscapes, environments, and sensibilities. Using Michel de Certeau’s concepts of the city, this thesis journeys through Nakano’s imagined spaces.


Hitler's Germania: Propaganda Writ In Stone, Aaron Mumford Boehlert Jan 2017

Hitler's Germania: Propaganda Writ In Stone, Aaron Mumford Boehlert

Senior Projects Spring 2017

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Arts of Bard College.


Identifying Atlanta: John Portman, Postmodernism, And Pop-Culture, August Mcintyre Dine Jan 2017

Identifying Atlanta: John Portman, Postmodernism, And Pop-Culture, August Mcintyre Dine

Senior Projects Spring 2017

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Social Studies of Bard College