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Greenways

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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Rising Seas: Adaptable Planning Strategies For Coastal Urban Greenways - Case Studies In The Us And China, Hongbing Tang, Jeanne Lukenda Jan 2019

Rising Seas: Adaptable Planning Strategies For Coastal Urban Greenways - Case Studies In The Us And China, Hongbing Tang, Jeanne Lukenda

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper discusses adaptable planning and design strategies for coastal urban greenways to deal with rising seas due to global warming and climate change. It advocates taking steps to protect the coastal landscapes, increase adaptation, and mitigate disastrous outcomes associated with sea level rise from a global perspective. Greenway planners must consider the costs and risks of accommodating the rising seas, retreating from them, or trying to defend the greenways with protective measures.

The City of Boston and the City of Shenzhen in China have been selected as our case studies. Boston, a paradigm of U.S. resilient coastal cities, is …


Building Connections To The Minute Man National Historic Park: Greenway Planning And Cultural Landscape Design, Robert L. Ryan, Theodore S. Eisenman Jan 2019

Building Connections To The Minute Man National Historic Park: Greenway Planning And Cultural Landscape Design, Robert L. Ryan, Theodore S. Eisenman

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The Minute Man National Historic Park (NHP) in Massachusetts commemorates the Battle of Lexington and Concord (1775) that began the American Revolution. The National Park created in 1959 seeks to interpret the battle and restore the agricultural landscapes of the revolutionary period. The Park is situated within the larger Freedom’s Way National Heritage Area (FWNHA) that was designated in 2009 to preserve the extensive historic cultural resources of the region, including such gems as Thoreau’s Walden Pond.

Unfortunately, the Minute Man NHP is divided into four units and bisected by a busy state highway that makes wayfinding challenging for visitors. …


Greenways As A New Potential For Shrinking Cities. The Case Of Milan (Italy), Luca Maria Francesco Fabris, Gerardo Semprebon, Fan Fu Jan 2019

Greenways As A New Potential For Shrinking Cities. The Case Of Milan (Italy), Luca Maria Francesco Fabris, Gerardo Semprebon, Fan Fu

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The paper aims to illustrate the transformation of Milan, focusing on its relationship with (urban) greenways. At the beginning of XXI century Milan was deeply converted into a mere service industry centre. The change modified also its territory. Brownfields took place of industries and logistic compounds, places without a use dotting its urban fabric. In the 1970s, visionary architects, planners, and landscape architects started to design a series of parks surrounding the town, creating a green crown fading its outskirts. North Park and South Park together with Boscoincittà (Wood-in-town) created a continuous green curtain setting the basis for a circular …


Contradicting Knowledge Map Of Greenways: A Comparative Analysis Based On English And Chinese Literature, Nannan Zhao, Zheng Liu Jan 2019

Contradicting Knowledge Map Of Greenways: A Comparative Analysis Based On English And Chinese Literature, Nannan Zhao, Zheng Liu

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenway is a flexible concept with diverse forms in different contexts. Recently in China, greenways have achieved rapid growth and become national policy. The widely implemented greenways also led to the first national document on greenway planning and design, Guidance of Greenway Planning and Design, which was issued by the Ministry of Housing and Urban-rural development. However, there have been two distinct perceptions of greenways in existing Chinese literature. On the one hand, some researchers argue that greenways show strategic values in providing social integration and economic growth. On the other hand, many local scholars and officials criticize that there …


Greenways For Climate Adaptation: Avoiding The ‘Green Paradox’ While Improving Urban Resiliency, Jacobien F. Kuiper, Elisabeth Hamin Infield Jan 2019

Greenways For Climate Adaptation: Avoiding The ‘Green Paradox’ While Improving Urban Resiliency, Jacobien F. Kuiper, Elisabeth Hamin Infield

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenway planning and design is an important approach to climate adaptation in urban areas. In this paper we bring together literature on green gentrification, climate adaptation, and equity in an early exploration of equity issues specific to urban greenways for climate adaptation (‘adaptation-greenways’). Similar to environmental risks and green space access, impacts of climate change are distributed unevenly across urban space. Climate-vulnerable communities are often minority- and lower-income neighborhoods. Greenways can redress existing inequities (‘pre-equity issues’) by providing green space access and climate adaptation benefits in vulnerable communities. Recent projects demonstrate that greenways, while redressing existing inequities, can introduce new …


Greenways As Indigenous Cultural Pathways: Healing Landscape And Peoples One Step At A Time In The South West Of Western Australia, Simon J. Kilbane Jan 2019

Greenways As Indigenous Cultural Pathways: Healing Landscape And Peoples One Step At A Time In The South West Of Western Australia, Simon J. Kilbane

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The South West of Western Australia (SWWA) is widely known as one of the world’s most biodiverse regions and a recognised biodiversity hotspot. However, since European colonisation approximately 200 years ago, this landscape has been cleared, fragmented and degraded at large and small scales, a problem magnified by being one of the planet’s most vulnerable locations to climate change. This region also hosts one of the world’s longest continuous cultures, the Nyungar people, who have lived in the SWWA for at least 38,000 years. However following colonisation Nyungar land management practices – that once connected the region’s Traditional Owners with …


The Role Of The Greenways In The Harmonization Of Urban-Rural Relation In Hungary, Edina Dancsokné Fóris, Ágnes Sallay Jan 2016

The Role Of The Greenways In The Harmonization Of Urban-Rural Relation In Hungary, Edina Dancsokné Fóris, Ágnes Sallay

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The decrease in the population of villages and the growth of cities is a global phenomenon, also present in Hungary. In inner peripheries, regions that most often lack cities, the ageing of the population and the emptying of the villages has begun. These regions are uniquely affected by regional development and rural development in terms of both economics and demographics. A significant step in creating cohesion between the advanced urban areas and the declining rural areas is the improvement of infrastructure (Csatári). We believe that greenways, as parts of the networks of infrastructure and green infrastructure, may play a significant …


Riverfront Planning Initiatives In Upstate New York: The Cases Of Kingston, Albany And Schenectady, Carlos Balsas Jan 2016

Riverfront Planning Initiatives In Upstate New York: The Cases Of Kingston, Albany And Schenectady, Carlos Balsas

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Waterfront locations have traditionally been perceived as possessing special qualities from real estate, urbanity and tourism perspectives. Many cities have developed on waterfronts and some of their most notable urban fabrics face waterbodies – rivers, canals, creeks, lakes or seas. Some small and mediumsized riverfront cities have been able to conserve or adapt their industrial era cultural heritage to new uses. In many cases, tourism has taken advantage of those locations for recreation, sports and community-oriented open-air events on the land-water interface (Bray, 1993; Kostopoulou, 2013). This paper provides a brief analysis of how three cities in upstate New York …


Cultural Tourism Trails As Part Of Sustainable Tourism – The Tool Of Shaping The Greenways And Protection Of Ecosystems In Gorce, Jadwiga Środulska-Wielgus, Krzysztof Wielgus, Olga Maj Jan 2016

Cultural Tourism Trails As Part Of Sustainable Tourism – The Tool Of Shaping The Greenways And Protection Of Ecosystems In Gorce, Jadwiga Środulska-Wielgus, Krzysztof Wielgus, Olga Maj

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Gorce are part of Carpathians – Western Beskidy, Mountains. They are located in Southern Poland, ca. 25km north of High Tatra Mountains. They stretch on approximately 550km². Gorce attract tourists with varying terrain and, most of all, some of the most beautiful open wide views of surrounding mountain chains. The relics of the original Carpathian Forest and the landscape of deeply cut mountain streams are also very valuable. Impressive rock outcroppings and not-yet-explored, numerous caves can also be found here.

The phenomenon of Gorce comes from the unique landscape, shaped by both nature and by man, originally for shepherding, then …


Landscape Education For Democracy: A Proposal For Building Inclusive Processes Into Spatial Planning Education, Kristin Faurest, Deni Ruggeri Jan 2016

Landscape Education For Democracy: A Proposal For Building Inclusive Processes Into Spatial Planning Education, Kristin Faurest, Deni Ruggeri

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The landscape belongs to everyone. We should all participate in deciding how it is used, and landscape resources should serve all populations regardless of social or economic status. But spatial planning education rarely includes topics such as democratic processes, participatory planning, community-based planning or other topics, and does not fully prepare designers and planners to effectively work in partnership with the communities they serve.

This problem was the inspiration for LED – Landscape Education for Democracy, a new three-year educational programme created and implemented by a consortium and funded by the Erasmus+ Strategic Partnership Programme of the European Commission. The …


Sustainable Urban Planning And Climate Change Scenarios: An Investigation Of Staten Island's Urban Planning, Melissa Wagner, Lauren E. Gentile, Joanna Merson, Elizabeth Wentz Jan 2016

Sustainable Urban Planning And Climate Change Scenarios: An Investigation Of Staten Island's Urban Planning, Melissa Wagner, Lauren E. Gentile, Joanna Merson, Elizabeth Wentz

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Recent events like Hurricane Sandy, which struck Staten Island, NY on October 29, 2012, serve as a costly reminder of how unsustainable designs and mounting social pressures can contribute to extensive structural damage and subsequent financial cost, from storm surge inundation and coastal flooding. It is unlikely that Hurricane Sandy was a one-time event but rather a warning of what can occur over the next century without proper mitigation strategies. Based on climate change projections, such extreme events are expected to become more frequent and intense due to warmer sea surface temperatures and rising sea levels (Emmanual, 2005; Kirtman et. …


Art In Parks: Seeing With Fresh Eyes, Charles L. Tracy Jan 2016

Art In Parks: Seeing With Fresh Eyes, Charles L. Tracy

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

As the U.S. National Park Service (NPS) celebrates its centennial in 2016, it has been challenged anew to respond to changing demographics and to stay relevant to the changing needs of 21st century park visitors. How can parks, trails and other protected public spaces continue to serve as places of sanctuary and recreation while providing opportunities for reflecting on and even encouraging dialogue on issues that hold relevance to Americans? There is a growing realization within NPS and other federal land managing agencies of the need to be more proactive and creative in their community outreach and in addressing relevant …


Developing Opportunities Of Bicycle Tourism Between Budapest And Lake Balaton, Beáta Stefanics Jan 2016

Developing Opportunities Of Bicycle Tourism Between Budapest And Lake Balaton, Beáta Stefanics

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper is written about a method of developing bicycle tourism and one day circular cycle routes between Budapest and Lake Balaton, between the two main tourist destinations in Hungary. There is a significant interest in that topic because of the 1364/2011. (XI. 8.) Governmental Decision about the need to develop bike routes, which says that the Budapest–Balaton path has the priority in governmental development. My study area is assigned by the proposed Budapest–Balaton cycle path of the National Spatial Plan (Országos Területrendezési Terv) and its surroundings which is enclosed by the boundaries of the settlements within 10 kilometers (6,2 …


Contemplative Greenway Design For The Health And Well-Being Of City Inhabitants, Agnieszka Olszewska Jan 2016

Contemplative Greenway Design For The Health And Well-Being Of City Inhabitants, Agnieszka Olszewska

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper presents the findings of the PhD research titled Contemplative Values of Urban Parks and Gardens, which can be applied to urban greenway design. We consider the network of urban green spaces a multifunctional structure that can not only serve environmental and aesthetical values, but also directly influence people´s mental health and well-being. Urban green infrastructure has a significant potential to serve as a place for the passive recreation that involves re-connecting with nature through contemplation. We made the concept of contemplative landscapes operational by identifying physical attributes of such spaces.

The study revealed seven key-categories of landscape design …


Ecological Networks And Ecosystem Services In Urban Regions Implementation And Planning Practices, Mina Di Marino Jan 2016

Ecological Networks And Ecosystem Services In Urban Regions Implementation And Planning Practices, Mina Di Marino

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In recent decades, urban developments, agriculture and growth of grey infrastructures have affected urban landscapes. The rapid expansions of cities have increasingly caused loss of biodiversity, degradation and fragmentation of habitats. In this context, Ecological Network (EN) and more recently Ecosystem Services (ES) have been the subject of increasing attention among academics and in global and European policies. EN has represented a concept to consider and plan for preserving biodiversity and sustainable use of resources. EN also provides ES, for instance, recreational services (such as the access to green space, recreation, and educational resources) and supporting services (such as safeguarding …


Connectivity Analysis For Green Infrastructure Restoration Planning On National Level, László Kollányi, Klaudia Máté Jan 2016

Connectivity Analysis For Green Infrastructure Restoration Planning On National Level, László Kollányi, Klaudia Máté

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The green infrastructure idea has getting more and more importance in the last years research papers and planning guidelines (Rouse & Bunster-Ossa, 2013) (EEA, 2011). According to one of the first definition green infrastructure (GI) is an interconnected network of waterways, wetlands, woodlands, wildlife habitats, and other natural areas, greenways, parks and other conservation lands, farms, ranches and forests, wilderness areas and other open spaces that support native species, maintain natural ecological processes, sustain air and water resources and contribute to the health and quality of life (Benedict & McMahon, 2000). According to the European Union’s approach green infrastructure is …


Historic Roads Of Asia Minor And Greenway Potential For Ankara, Nedim Kemer Jan 2016

Historic Roads Of Asia Minor And Greenway Potential For Ankara, Nedim Kemer

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Roads of the ancient era universally present valuable cultural and geographical assets on their courses. The routes of historic roads are generally determined by means of connecting settlements and important locations while providing safe, fast, and easy access through challenging geographies. Lush valleys and waterways with provision of food and water, scenic ridgelines, passageways through mountain ranges, and in some cases straight shortcuts in open plains are the usual access paths connecting cultural and economic terminal points. Critical geomorphologic, climatologic, and environmental factors play important role in determining the courses. Year round accessibility in climate dependent harsh conditions and anthropocentric …


Designation Of Potential Excavation Zones Suitable For Mining - Modelling Different Types Of Land Uses; Minatura2020 Hungarian Case Study (Tállya Region), Zoltán Horváth, Rita Szeiler, Anouk Cormont, Michiel Van Eupen Jan 2016

Designation Of Potential Excavation Zones Suitable For Mining - Modelling Different Types Of Land Uses; Minatura2020 Hungarian Case Study (Tállya Region), Zoltán Horváth, Rita Szeiler, Anouk Cormont, Michiel Van Eupen

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The exploitation of minerals in Europe is an indispensable activity to ensure that the present and future needs of the European society can be met. This means that sufficient access is required to explore and exploit minerals. At the same time the mineral requirements of our society must be met without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Accordingly, potentially exploitable mineral deposits (known deposits, abandoned mines and historical mining sites) need to be assessed against other land uses, taking into account criteria such as habitats, other environmental concerns, priorities for settlements, etc. Decisions on the …


Urban Natural Burial: Re-Presenting Data As A Means Of Communicating New Approaches To Green Infrastructure, Ian Fisher, Ann Sharrock Jan 2016

Urban Natural Burial: Re-Presenting Data As A Means Of Communicating New Approaches To Green Infrastructure, Ian Fisher, Ann Sharrock

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The authors have published a number of articles (Ian Fisher and Ann Sharrock, 2013, 2014) and have received media coverage on their proposals for linking natural burial, urban microclimate modification and the revaluing of privately owned urban “hope value” land.

The purpose of this paper is to further explore the ideas advanced in the author’s research and their potential as formative elements in green infrastructure. To facilitate this process, the authors intend to analyse and test the medium of info graphics as a vehicle for communicating the assembled but separate empirical evidence as a means of supporting the validity of …


Micro, Mega And Macro: Designing Landscapes Of Urban Change, Gina Ford Jan 2016

Micro, Mega And Macro: Designing Landscapes Of Urban Change, Gina Ford

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Cities across the United States, in an effort to maintain competitiveness and address broader economic, ecological or social issues, are investing in innovative planning and design. This paper provides an overview of three recent U.S.-based projects representing a range of scales where landscape is leading this charge as a powerful urban catalyst – from the two-acre temporary landscape dubbed the Lawn on D in Downtown Boston, to the newly opened Chicago Riverwalk expansion, to a regional strategy to address land loss on the Gulf Coast. In each case, the urban context, the planning and design strategy and the project’s projected …


Ecological Structure Of Nasielsk Commune In Poland, Beata Fornal-Pieniak, Maciej Żołnierczuk, Ewa Zaraś-Januszkiewicz Jan 2016

Ecological Structure Of Nasielsk Commune In Poland, Beata Fornal-Pieniak, Maciej Żołnierczuk, Ewa Zaraś-Januszkiewicz

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Green corridors have many ecological functions in rural areas. New settelments, not proper turistic activities, cutted forests are represtented only in few examples, which could changed natural refuges and green corridors in rural commune. It is really important to shaping main green corridors includnig big and small natural refuges, which are represented by the forests, small group of trees or manor parks.


The Tree Valuation Method As A Tool For Supporting Greenway Planning And Development. Case Study: Section Of Central Highway In Gliwice, Poland, Magdalena Błaszczyk, Marzena Suchocka Jan 2016

The Tree Valuation Method As A Tool For Supporting Greenway Planning And Development. Case Study: Section Of Central Highway In Gliwice, Poland, Magdalena Błaszczyk, Marzena Suchocka

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Tree valuation is a tool determining proper and sustainable urban forest management. The valuation is also important for roads and highways planning, especially those functioning as greenways and greenbelts. In Poland, tree valuation is particularly important because of an intensive development of road network. In the last decade 2000 km of motorways and expressways and 1400 km of national roads were built. Rapid development, urban sprawl and autodependent housing in urban and suburban areas have been affecting the city of Gliwice. In general, urban development has taken precedence over land-use planning because natural capital and its ecosystem services in Poland …


The Role Of Culture In Greenway Planning: Focus On Islamic-Persian Garden Characteristics In The Uk And The Usa, Fatemeh Shahani, Julie Rudner Jan 2016

The Role Of Culture In Greenway Planning: Focus On Islamic-Persian Garden Characteristics In The Uk And The Usa, Fatemeh Shahani, Julie Rudner

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

For more than a decade, planners have been concerned about green spaces to achieve sustainability in both environmental/ecological and cultural/social issues. Urban planning processes provide methods of consultation that incorporate community views to create complex built forms in urban environment for diverse cultures, needs and values. The use of multicultural ideas in planning or decision-making can change the nature of city life (Fincher, Iveson, Leitner, & Preston, 2014). In a multicultural society, greenways have great potential for providing a social and cultural network, which integrate people with diverse ethnics and perspectives when they are developed in partnership with different groups …


Implementing The Vision: The Atlanta Beltline Corridor, Georgia, Usa, Valdis D. Zusmanis, Leonardo Alvarez, Micah Lipscomb, Ryan Gravel Jan 2016

Implementing The Vision: The Atlanta Beltline Corridor, Georgia, Usa, Valdis D. Zusmanis, Leonardo Alvarez, Micah Lipscomb, Ryan Gravel

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The Atlanta BeltLine is a 22-mile transformative corridor project that will connect 45 neighborhoods through transit, open space and trails. As a repurposed series of abandoned railroad segments that run across the valleys and ridges of the Piedmont plateau region, the physical design of the corridor actively responds to both the physiographic and cultural diversity of its context. It is a comprehensive example of landscape infrastructure that will serve to organize, engage and guide future development in one of America’s fastest growing metropolitan areas (Figure 1).


Rejuvenation Of A Once Beautiful Greenway: Beijing Tongzhou Grand Canal, Yanhong Tang, Yuezhong Chen Jan 2016

Rejuvenation Of A Once Beautiful Greenway: Beijing Tongzhou Grand Canal, Yanhong Tang, Yuezhong Chen

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Many years ago, the Beijing Tongzhou Grand Canal was the northern destination point of the journey along the Jing-Hang Grand Canal in China. It once operated as a shipping gateway through the country to Beijing y, and was a historicly significant greenway of China. Now, the Grand Canal is an important urban district for modern Beijing and requires greater attention to strategic planning. Our design team was hired by the municipal park department to produce a new master plan for a total area of 120 hectares along the waterway which had fallen into decay through the compounding consequences of a …


The Historical Elements Of Kraków’S Green System - Protection Challenges For Landscape Planning In The 21st Century, Jadwiga Środulska-Wielgus, Anna Staniewska, Katarzyna Łakomy, Krzysztof Wielgus Jan 2016

The Historical Elements Of Kraków’S Green System - Protection Challenges For Landscape Planning In The 21st Century, Jadwiga Środulska-Wielgus, Anna Staniewska, Katarzyna Łakomy, Krzysztof Wielgus

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Krakow was referred by Ebenezer Howard as a natural garden city (Bogdanowski 1979). This flattering opinion emphasized the purposefulness of the green system – the result of evolutionary development of the city since the Middle Ages, supported by fortification and communication factors of the Second Industrial Revolution. Kraków of today, a many times greater size, has lost its harmony. On the one hand an uncontrollable growth, low availability of the significant of green (Staniewska 2014). On the other hand, both touristic and settlement attractiveness historical centre of the UNESCO World Heritage Site List. Low degree of synergistic use of valuable …


Improving The Active Green Space Ratio In Coastal Cities In Turkey, Zerrin Sogut, Sibel Mansuroglu, Tanay Birisci, Ayse K. Onac Jan 2016

Improving The Active Green Space Ratio In Coastal Cities In Turkey, Zerrin Sogut, Sibel Mansuroglu, Tanay Birisci, Ayse K. Onac

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The active green space ratio in urban areas in Turkey has been determined as 10 m2 per capita in accordance with the Construction Law no. 3194. However, this ratio couldn’t be reached in most of the cities on the country scale in Turkey. This ratio of green space in urban areas per capita has been determined as 12,68 m2 for Izmir, and 11,52 m2 for Adana which are the two of the case cities of this study. One of the major factors that effect to reach this standard is the extension of the master plan boundaries. In spite of this, …


Engaging Green Infrastructure Scheme Into Watershed- And Urban-Based Planning And Design Realms, Serdar Selim, Adnan Kaplan Jan 2016

Engaging Green Infrastructure Scheme Into Watershed- And Urban-Based Planning And Design Realms, Serdar Selim, Adnan Kaplan

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Watershed planning realm has predominantly been posed by human/urbancentric planning practice solely based on socio-economic dynamics, rather than physical and ecological thresholds at regional level. Thus planning, conservation and management efforts in an individualistic way lack of elaborating natural and cultural landscapes in a holistic way and introducing a monolithic planning and management discourse. This inevitably results in a gap between large scale planning scheme and local plans and, consecutively conservation pursuits both in judicial and administrative spheres remained behind the reach of delivering a comprehensive (conservation) framework.

Based on the aforementioned problematic aspect, the hypothesis that this paper suggests …


Concrete Versus Green Corridors In Road Planning. Gdansk Case, Aleksandra Sas-Bojarska, Magdalena Rembeza Jan 2016

Concrete Versus Green Corridors In Road Planning. Gdansk Case, Aleksandra Sas-Bojarska, Magdalena Rembeza

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Urban structures are being increasingly cut by various technical barriers, in particular by the new or modernized roads connections. Their sizes are growing; accompanying infrastructure such as acoustic screens appear. This leads to the disadvantageous fragmentation of the urban tissue. Therefore urban landscape is being deformed. The separated parts of cities are becoming less accessible for residents. The functional, visual, environmental and social problems are growing and the need for solving them becomes essential. The presented article shows the threats and conflicts caused by new traffic systems forming concrete corridors. The possible mitigation methods such as the use of landscape …


Planning The Green Infrastructure Of The Tagus River Estuary In Lisbon Metropolitan Area, Portugal, Rosário Oliveira Jan 2016

Planning The Green Infrastructure Of The Tagus River Estuary In Lisbon Metropolitan Area, Portugal, Rosário Oliveira

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The Tagus River is the most important and largest watershed of Iberia, with 1007 km long and 81 000 km2 basin, about 30% Portuguese. Understood in a cross-border perspective, it constitutes a valuable resource that brings together relevant biophysical, historical and cultural aspects translated into a huge richness and landscape diversity. The Tagus estuary is the largest wetland area in Portugal and one of the most important in Europe, with an area of 325 km2 and a high status for the conservation of important biodiversity. This estuary corresponds to the core of the Lisbon Metropolitan Area, which is about 3.3% …