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2012

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Articles 1 - 30 of 950

Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Medellín, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq. Dec 2012

Medellín, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.

Fernando Carrión Mena

Medellín es la segunda ciudad de Colombia con 2 400 000 habitantes en el año 2012, después de Bogotá que se acerca a los 8 millones. Es relativamente moderna, porque apenas desde fines del siglo XIX empieza a desarrollarse hasta alcanzar la dimensión que tiene en la actualidad; sin embargo, esta evolución no ha sido lineal: han existido momentos complejos y de auge. Una ciudad que a fines de los ochenta y principios de los noventa fue considerada la más violenta del mundo, a la que todos la esquivaban para no pasar por ahí. Fue cuna del cartel de Medellín ...


An Assessment Of The Effects Of Desertification In Yobe State, Nigeria, Jibril Musa Phd Dec 2012

An Assessment Of The Effects Of Desertification In Yobe State, Nigeria, Jibril Musa Phd

Confluence Journal Environmental Studies (CJES), Kogi State University, Nigeria

Desertification is one of the most serious environmental and socio-economic problems of our time. Desertification describes circumstances of land degradation in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid regions resulting from the climatic variation and human activities. The fundamental goal of this thesis was to assess the effects of desertification in Yobe State, Nigeria. The present threat of desertification in the sahel has reached an alarming stage where crops cultivation and animal rearing/grazing are no more productive, soil has lost its nutrient/fertility, various infrastructure had given way because of windstorm from the neighbouring Niger Republic and sand dunes had taken ...


Modelos De Gestión Del Futbol Nacional, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq. Dec 2012

Modelos De Gestión Del Futbol Nacional, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.

Fernando Carrión Mena

Los años 90 son probablemente el inicio de una época de cambios trascendentales en la historia del fútbol mundial. Allí están la metamorfosis de la tecnología, la indumentaria deportiva, la globalización de las audiencias, la integración de los mercados deportivos; así como también la transformación de la regla que impide al arquero tomar con la mano la pelota entregada con el pie por parte de un compañero; la mutación de los torneos internacionales de clubes con dos campeonatos por año (Libertadores y Sudamericana en América) y con los mundiales de clubes (Confederaciones); y la innovación del mercado de futbolistas que ...


Buried Clay Pipe Irrigation, David A. Bainbridge Dec 2012

Buried Clay Pipe Irrigation, David A. Bainbridge

David A Bainbridge

The buried clay pipe method of irrigation is one of the most efficient systems known and is ideal for gardeners and small farmers. Buried clay pipe irrigation uses a buried, unglazed clay pipe filled with water to provide controlled irrigation to plants as the water seeps out through the clay wall at a rate that is influenced by the plant's water use. It has been used for more than one hundred years.This auto-regulation leads to very high efficiency--considerably better than drip irrigation and many times better than conventional surface irrigation. This also reduces weeds, increases yields, and can ...


Using Remote Sensing Data To Improve Rice Production In Kutigi, Niger State, Nigeria, Jibril Musa Phd, M B. Yunusa Dec 2012

Using Remote Sensing Data To Improve Rice Production In Kutigi, Niger State, Nigeria, Jibril Musa Phd, M B. Yunusa

Confluence Journal Environmental Studies (CJES), Kogi State University, Nigeria

This research work looked in the used of Remote Sensing to improve Agricultural production in Kutigi, Niger State. The aim of the study is to use remote sensing to improve rice farming activities in Kutigi, Niger State. It is very important to identify such methods to improve Agricultural production because experts are always interested in new researches and findings to better the standard of living in any environment. In view of this, Remotely-sensed data could be used or employed to elevate most of these agricultural problems in Kutigi through the following objectives: Using Landsat imagery to assess the present landuse ...


Measuring The Sustainability Of U.S. Public Bicycle Systems, Max W. Williamson Dec 2012

Measuring The Sustainability Of U.S. Public Bicycle Systems, Max W. Williamson

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

As cities worldwide plan for increasing urbanization levels, new challenges in mobility will arise. Any approach taken to address these new issues will need to consider how to move more people with declining resources, thus the need for a sustainable solution arises. This thesis examines the growing trend of cities creating public bicycle systems as a means to add sustainability to a transportation system and identifies what are the criteria and indicators of a sustainable public bicycle. The criteria and indicators are used to examine data collection techniques of three Public Bicycle Systems in the United States: Capital Bikeshare in ...


The Feasibility Of Closing Vehicle Crossings Along St. Charles Avenue: A Study Of Transit Safety And Performance, Vivek B. Shah Dec 2012

The Feasibility Of Closing Vehicle Crossings Along St. Charles Avenue: A Study Of Transit Safety And Performance, Vivek B. Shah

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

The St. Charles streetcar is an important transit line in the city of New Orleans, with about 65,000 people living within a ½ mile walking distance from it. However, the line experiences a very high streetcar/automobile crash rate due in large part to the large number of grade vehicle crossings over the tracks that lack signalization. Through traffic modeling, the closure of many of these vehicle crossings and the diversion of automotive traffic to the remaining, signalized crossings is analyzed to determine traffic impacts on street network. The result is a modest increase in traffic, about 7-8%, at ...


Los Gabinetes Binacionales, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq. Dec 2012

Los Gabinetes Binacionales, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.

Fernando Carrión Mena

El día 11 de diciembre pasado se produjo el Primer Gabinete Binacional entre Ecuador y Colombia, que es una continuación de los gabinetes realizados entre Ecuador/Venezuela y Ecuador/Perú. Sin duda se trata de una nueva forma de ejercer la diplomacia bilateral, mediante tres elementos innovadores: primero, porque se las sube al nivel más alto de las relaciones (presidentes), segundo, porque tiende a generar un enfoque integral (no solo militar o aduanero) y tercero, establece el mecanismo de cooperación entre los dos países para enfrentar la temática (no a la unilateralidad).

En la reunión del 11 de diciembre con ...


You Can Do It. We Can Help: Building Digital Image Collections Together, Maureen Burns Dec 2012

You Can Do It. We Can Help: Building Digital Image Collections Together, Maureen Burns

VRA Bulletin

At the 2009 College Art Association conference in Los Angeles, the Visual Resources Association organized an affiliate session, called “You Can Do It. We Can Help,” focused on building digital image collections together. A distinguished panel of speakers shared information about innovative image projects and presented evidence of the value of such collaborative experiences. This article provides a summary of the session with extended commentary by the moderator, updates on the projects presented, and a discussion of current issues and trends.


Revisioning Art History: How A Century Of Change In Imaging Technologies Helped To Shape A Discipline, Allan T. Kohl Dec 2012

Revisioning Art History: How A Century Of Change In Imaging Technologies Helped To Shape A Discipline, Allan T. Kohl

VRA Bulletin

Beginning in the latter nineteenth century, the use of photography to document works of art was a key factor in the emergence of art history as an independent discipline. The subsequent introduction of new technologies such as lantern slides, 35mm. color slides, and carousel projectors resulted in significant transformations in pedagogy. In the twentieth century, the growing use of photographic illustrations influenced a shift in emphasis in the textual content of scholarly publications such as exhibition catalogs, artist monographs, and journal articles. More recently, the digital revolution has increased access to art information, transforming the ways works of art are ...


The 2012 Point-In-Time Estimate Of Homelessness: Volume I Of The 2012 Annual Homelessness Assessment Report, Alvaro Cortes, Meghan Henry, Rj De La Cruz, Scott Brown, Jill Khadduri, Dennis P. Culhane Dec 2012

The 2012 Point-In-Time Estimate Of Homelessness: Volume I Of The 2012 Annual Homelessness Assessment Report, Alvaro Cortes, Meghan Henry, Rj De La Cruz, Scott Brown, Jill Khadduri, Dennis P. Culhane

Dennis P. Culhane

On a single night in 2012 there were 633,782 homeless people in the United States, including 394,379 who were homeless as individuals and 239,403 people who were homeless in families.


El Cartel De Sinaloa Manda En Colombia, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq. Dec 2012

El Cartel De Sinaloa Manda En Colombia, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.

Fernando Carrión Mena

El poderoso holding global del crimen –el cártel de Sinaloa- maneja el multimillonario negocio de la cocaína desde el vecino país del norte y las políticas diseñadas para contrarrestarlo dominan la agenda pública del gobierno colombiano. Para nadie es desconocido que el denominado Plan Colombia ha significado una inversión norteamericana no menor a 10 mil millones de dólares en este siglo, la cual ha producido, entre otros, los siguientes efectos: la articulación de las zonas de producción de cocaína (Colombia es el primer productor del mundo), heroína y marihuana con los cárteles mexicanos que controlan los caminos principales del narcotráfico ...


Feasibility Of Reconstructing Decommissioned Urban Schools: Emphasis Private Involvement, George J. Spinaris, Ra Dec 2012

Feasibility Of Reconstructing Decommissioned Urban Schools: Emphasis Private Involvement, George J. Spinaris, Ra

Purdue Polytechnic Masters Theses

Decommissioned urban schools in the United States have become a problem despite well-intentioned efforts of federal, state and local authorities to reconstruct them. The challenge to school districts, superintendants, local and state authorities is threefold – one arising from the education policy and declining student enrollment. The second challenge is due to inadequate funds for maintenance and renovation of existing facilities. The third from the architectural point of view stemming from an architectural and technological modernity to avoid not so much the possibility of urban sprawl but possible clash of community interests. Urban Sprawl is defined as “The unplanned, uncontrolled spreading ...


Can The Application Of A Landscape Designed Learning Environment Enhance Education?, Virginia Bailey Dec 2012

Can The Application Of A Landscape Designed Learning Environment Enhance Education?, Virginia Bailey

All Theses

There is a need for a restructuring the way that a child's learning environment is designed. Currently, the mainstream educational design process ignores the notion that children have different ways of learning. Furthermore, when there are so many distractions, how we successfully reach a child's mind has become a challenge. The current school system is structured in a manner that does not address the presence of these distractions, often causing overstimulation and inattentiveness. Designing for children should be approached in a way that all senses are engaged. Having opportunities for hands-on learning inside and outside of the classroom ...


Los Toros Y Las Fiestas De Quito, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq. Dec 2012

Los Toros Y Las Fiestas De Quito, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.

Fernando Carrión Mena

Las corridas de Toros estuvieron vinculadas desde siempre a las fiestas de la fundación española de la ciudad de Quito; es más, son prácticamente las que le dieron la carta de nacimiento.

Esta alianza de las corridas de toros con la fundación española se produce hace aproximadamente sesenta años, cuando los visionarios empresarios españoles vinculados a la tauromaquia deciden exportar las corridas hacia América Latina en las fechas de octubre a diciembre, debido a que en la época invernal española no se las podía realizar, generando pérdidas de grandes oportunidades empresariales. Mientras en España las corridas se cierran en el ...


Climate Change Adaptation Chapter: Marshfield, Massachusetts, Joshua H. Chase, Jonathan G. Cooper, Rory Elizabeth Fitzgerald, Filipe Antunes Lima, Sally R. Miller, Toni Marie Pignatelli Dec 2012

Climate Change Adaptation Chapter: Marshfield, Massachusetts, Joshua H. Chase, Jonathan G. Cooper, Rory Elizabeth Fitzgerald, Filipe Antunes Lima, Sally R. Miller, Toni Marie Pignatelli

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Studio and Student Research and Creative Activity

Climate change, understood as a statistically significant variation in the mean state of the climate or its variability, is the greatest environmental challenge of this generation (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2001). Marshfield is already being affected by changes in the climate that will have a profound effect on the town’s economy, public health, coastal resources, natural features, water systems, and public and private infrastructure. Adaptation strategies have been widely recognized as playing an important role in improving a community’s ability to respond to climate stressors by resisting damage and recovering quickly.

Based on review of climate projections ...


Sir Walter Scott And Kenilworth Castle: Ruins Restored By Historical Imagination, Rumiko Handa Dec 2012

Sir Walter Scott And Kenilworth Castle: Ruins Restored By Historical Imagination, Rumiko Handa

Architecture Program: Faculty Scholarly and Creative Activity

This is a study of how the architectural ruins of Kenilworth Castle contributed to the historical imagination of Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832) and how he forged their literary restoration. The castle, located between Warwick and Coventry, was first constructed in the early twelfth century by Geoffrey de Clinton, the royal chamberlain to King Henry I (r. 1100-1135). Major additions were made by King Henry II (r. 1154-1189); King John (r. 1199-1216); John of Gaunt (1340-1399), son of King Edward III and Duke of Lancaster; and Robert Dudley (1532-1588), Earl of Leicester. The castle played a number of important roles throughout ...


An Update Of The 1984 Haymarket Redevelopment Plan: Lincoln, Nebraska, Stephanie Rouse Dec 2012

An Update Of The 1984 Haymarket Redevelopment Plan: Lincoln, Nebraska, Stephanie Rouse

Community and Regional Planning Program: Professional Projects

In 1984, Lincoln, Nebraska committed resources to renovating the Haymarket District to change it from a decayed manufacturing center into a viable business district. They successfully created a historic landmark district, commissioned a blight study and declared the area blighted, and then created a redevelopment plan. The 1984 Haymarket Redevelopment Plan examined the thencurrent district conditions and proposed future development that would support a thriving business district. Twenty-eight years later, that plan is being re-examined to determine what parts of the plan were realized, what the current district looks like, and how the current environment creates the need for an ...


Building Healthy Communities: Integrating Walkability Concepts Into Local Land Use Planning, Jenna Danelle Muhlbach Dec 2012

Building Healthy Communities: Integrating Walkability Concepts Into Local Land Use Planning, Jenna Danelle Muhlbach

Community and Regional Planning Program: Student Projects and Theses

In recent years, American communities have been diagnosed with several chronic health diseases such as diabetes, heart disease and obesity. Several researchers attribute sedentary lifestyles as one of the contributing factors to chronic diseases. The lack of physical exercise can be blamed by the auto-dependent suburbia lifestyle that many generations have become accustomed to. Poor land use developments have roads and freeways dominating the use of space, with the intent of having an automobile get from one place to another as efficiently as possible. This has allowed places to be much further apart therefore it has had a negative impact ...


From Carson Pirie Scott To City Target: A Case Study On The Adaptive Reuse Of Louis Sullivan’S Historic Sullivan Center, Lisa M. Switzer Dec 2012

From Carson Pirie Scott To City Target: A Case Study On The Adaptive Reuse Of Louis Sullivan’S Historic Sullivan Center, Lisa M. Switzer

Theses from the Architecture Program

This study provides an in-depth exploration of the adaptive reuse of one of Chicago’s most iconic structures over the course of a year from the Summer of 2011 to the Summer of 2012. The Sullivan Center was converted from a mid-scale retailer to City Target. Through extensive interviews with the Target development team, Chicago city officials, historians and Landmark Commission representatives this study documents the conversion and identifies the successes and opportunities of the project. The study follows the project from design development to completion, and provides insight on the local community perspective on the development.

Advisor: Mark Hinchman


From Practice To Theory: An Exploratory Research Study Of The Relevance Of Museum Studies Curriculum To Museum Professionals, Redell Renetta Hearn Dec 2012

From Practice To Theory: An Exploratory Research Study Of The Relevance Of Museum Studies Curriculum To Museum Professionals, Redell Renetta Hearn

Dissertations - Open Access

This exploratory study provides a comprehensive description of the museum profession and focuses particularly on museum studies curriculum. The purpose of this research is to investigate museum studies curriculum and its relevance to the museum profession in order to determine whether or not museum studies curriculum is capable of providing the foundation of a standard academic discipline for museum professionals. A survey of museum professionals assessed their attitudes about museum studies curriculum and the extent to which museum studies curriculum "matters" to continuing education for current museum professionals and as an academic discipline for prospective museum professionals.


Urban Design Study & Proposal: Hayward City Center, Bradford J. Debranch Dec 2012

Urban Design Study & Proposal: Hayward City Center, Bradford J. Debranch

City and Regional Planning

No abstract provided.


The United Hayward Bicycle Proposal, Maurice Mcclure Dec 2012

The United Hayward Bicycle Proposal, Maurice Mcclure

City and Regional Planning

No abstract provided.


Watering The Seed: A Model For Change In Jinotepe, Nicaragua And Beyond, Andy Douglas Dec 2012

Watering The Seed: A Model For Change In Jinotepe, Nicaragua And Beyond, Andy Douglas

City and Regional Planning

No abstract provided.


What Were School Officials Thinking: The Abandonment Of Historic Schools In Rhode Island, Carolyn Jane Reid Dec 2012

What Were School Officials Thinking: The Abandonment Of Historic Schools In Rhode Island, Carolyn Jane Reid

Historic Preservation Theses

This thesis, What were School Officials Thinking: The Abandonment of Historic Schools in Rhode Island, addresses the problem that historic schools are being abandoned in favor of new construction because based on the literature there is the perceived relationship between school facilities design and pedagogical outcomes, there are state and local policies that discourage the use of older or historic schools, and there is uninformed decision making. The purpose of this research was to determine the issues and policies that are most given as to why historic schools are abandoned in Rhode Island through a survey research methodology. This was ...


Growing Home: Sacred Space And Contemporary Ecotopia, Andrew Gingerich Dec 2012

Growing Home: Sacred Space And Contemporary Ecotopia, Andrew Gingerich

Architecture and Planning ETDs

This thesis investigates the concept of ecocentrism and how an emerging ecocentric worldview might uniquely shape the built environment. This thesis is particularly interested in the role of sacred space in urban development, and how the notion of sacredness, unique to an ecocentric worldview, might affect various aspects of the built environment. These issues are explored in two basic parts. First, three basic worldviews are discussed\u2014the pre-modern worldview, the modern worldview, and the emerging ecocentric worldview--specifically on the topics of nature, space, and the city. Second, a qualitative research study of three ecotopian' communities is presented--Village Homes in Davis ...


The American Shotgun House: A Study Of Its Evolution And The Enduring Presence Of The Vernacular In American Architecture, Lillian Mcrae Dec 2012

The American Shotgun House: A Study Of Its Evolution And The Enduring Presence Of The Vernacular In American Architecture, Lillian Mcrae

Architecture Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis investigates the evolution of the American shotgun house through plans, elevations and photographs to define the formal, architectural differences and similarities between contemporary shotgun houses of the 21st century and the traditional, historic shotgun houses of the late 19th and 20th centuries. More specifically, this study will explore whether or not the once distinct, vernacular shotgun house still exists as a vernacular housing type in its contemporary construction. Part one of the research process reviews the historic past of the shotgun house and determines the characteristics that compose the traditional, vernacular shotgun houses built in the United States ...


Leveraging Whole Life Cycle Costs When Utilising Building Information Modelling Technologies, Barry Mcauley, Dernot Kehily Dec 2012

Leveraging Whole Life Cycle Costs When Utilising Building Information Modelling Technologies, Barry Mcauley, Dernot Kehily

Conference papers

Building Information Modelling (BIM) is now being increasingly used as a technology tool to assist design professions in conceiving, designing, constructing and operating the built environment in many countries. The BIM model provides design professions with the framework to perform exercises in design, programming, cost and value management and concept energy analysis, in order to achieve the most economical and sustainable building solution. The BIM model though sophisticated is not extensively used to provide estimation software with the data requirements for Life Cycle Costing (LCC), such as, escalation of future expenditure and/or present value costs, discount rates and study ...


Contextualizing The Tipton-Haynes State Historic Site (40wg59): Understanding Landscape Change At An Upland South Farmstead., Daniel Whitaker Howard Brock Dec 2012

Contextualizing The Tipton-Haynes State Historic Site (40wg59): Understanding Landscape Change At An Upland South Farmstead., Daniel Whitaker Howard Brock

Masters Theses

This thesis focuses on a contextual archaeological approach to investigate the historic landscape of the Tipton-Haynes State Historic Site. Tipton-Haynes is a late eighteenth- through twentieth-century upland south farmstead located in Johnson City, TN. Home to two prominent Tennessee families and occupied until acquired by the state in the 1960s, the site has experienced many alterations to the landscape over time. The analysis presented views the landscape as material culture investigated through a multidisciplinary approach including historic research, architectural survey, geophysical survey, dendrochronology, and archaeology. To make sense of the complex nature of the Tipton-Haynes site, multiple methods were used ...


Integrating Web-Based Visualization With Structural System Understanding To Improve The Technical Education Of Architects, Mehdi Setareh, Felipe Bacim, Brett D. Jones, Nicholas F. Polys, Tianyu Geng, Robert Orsa Dec 2012

Integrating Web-Based Visualization With Structural System Understanding To Improve The Technical Education Of Architects, Mehdi Setareh, Felipe Bacim, Brett D. Jones, Nicholas F. Polys, Tianyu Geng, Robert Orsa

Center for e-Design Publications

The relationship between structure and form has become an important topic of educational research in architecture. The new trend in architecture is to create elegant and efficient designs that are adequately responsive to environmental conditions such as various applied loads. This has created a challenge in architectural education to train architects who are aware of the relationships between structure and form. This paper provides the results of a collaborative effort among the schools of Architecture and Design, Computer Science, and Education at Virginia Tech to develop a web-based learning tool called "Structure and Form Analysis System” (SAFAS). SAFAS consists of ...